Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1397
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Kanchan Tanuj - - 2010
The identification of isolated extremities is an issue of great significance in the investigation of the identity of victims of mass disasters and fatal assaults. In forensic investigations, the dimensions of the hand and foot have been used for determination of sex, age and stature of an individual. However, the ...
Moliner-Urdiales Diego - - 2010
The objective of this study is to analyse the association of objectively assessed physical activity (PA) with muscular strength and fat-free mass in adolescents, and to determine whether meeting the current PA recommendations is associated with higher levels of muscular strength and fat-free mass. The present cross-sectional study comprised 363 ...
Landi Francesco - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence suggests that anorexia of aging can cause physical and mental impairment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between anorexia of aging and measures of physical performance, muscle strength, and functional status in older persons aged 80 years or older. METHODS: Data are ...
Arts Ilse E M A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Living independently is an important component of quality of life. Cardiovascular diseases are prominent among the chronic conditions that predispose elderly people to functional limitations and disability, which impair quality of life. Insight into factors that play a role in the development process of limitations and disability of patients ...
Nagasawa Yoshinori - - 2010
This study examined age group and individual differences in the controlled force exertion test using quasi-random display and proposed a provisional norm in 249 female participants who were right-handed and aged 15 to 84 years. The participants matched their submaximal grip strength exertions to changing demand values, appearing as a ...
Nimphius Sophia - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate (a) the cross-sectional relationship of strength, power, and performance variables in trained female athletes and (b) determine if the relationship between these variables changes over the course of a season. Ten female softball players (age = 18.1 +/- 1.6 years, height = ...
Stolwijk-Sw?ste Janneke M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe the functional course over 5 years in patients aged 45 to 85 years with late-onset sequelae of poliomyelitis (LOSP) and to explore the impact of age and comorbidity. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with 5 measurements over 5 years. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with LOSP (N=168). INTERVENTIONS: ...
Malina Robert M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The study compared the grip strength of indigenous school youth 6-17 years of age in Oaxaca, southern Mexico, who were surveyed in 1968, 1978 and 2000. METHODS: Grip strength (Smedley/Stoelting) was measured to 0.5 kg in 1280 children and adolescent, 621 males and 659 females, in the three surveys. ...
Neville Christopher - - 2010
Tibialis posterior muscle weakness has been documented in subjects with Stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) but the effect of weakness on foot structure remains unclear. The association between strength and flatfoot kinematics may guide treatment such as the use of strengthening programs targeting the tibialis posterior muscle. Thirty ...
Hatamleh Muhanad M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test the effect of different periods of accelerated artificial daylight aging on bond strength of glass fiber bundles embedded into maxillofacial silicone elastomer and on bending strength of the glass fiber bundles. Forty specimens were fabricated by embedding resin-impregnated fiber bundles (1.5-mm diameter, ...
Choquette S - - 2010
This cross-sectional study proposes two relative strength indexes in order to evaluate the risks of lower mobility in healthy older adults: 1) handgrip strength on body mass index and 2) quadriceps strength on body weight. Nine hundred and four men and women aged between 67-84 years old were tested for ...
Puh Urska - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to quantify age-related changes in hand grip strength and three types of pinch grip strength (key pinch, tip pinch, and palmar pinch) among male and female participants. The study included 199 healthy participants (100 females, 99 males) aged 20-79 years, who were divided into ...
Miltner O - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse the efficiency of muscular activity in the trunk stabilisation of professional volleyball players compared to a group of amateur hobby players. The results were compared amongst the groups as well as with a reference group consisting of asymptomatic individuals. The question ...
Degache F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between isokinetic knee flexor and extensor muscle strength and physiological and chronological age in young soccer players. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-nine young, healthy, male soccer players (mean+/-standard deviation age: 12.78+/-2.88, range: 11 to 15) underwent a clinical examination (age, weight, height, body mass index and ...
Dalton B H - - 2010
Healthy adult ageing of the human neuromuscular system is comprised of changes that include atrophy, weakness and slowed movements with reduced spinal motor neurone output expressed by lower motor unit discharge rates (MUDRs). The latter observation has been obtained mostly from hand and lower limb muscles. The purpose was to ...
Cecílio F A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of age on the electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles. All volunteers were Brazilian, fully dentate (except for Group I - mixed dentition), Caucasian, aged 7-80, and divided into five groups: I (7-12 years), II (13-20 years), III (21-40 years), IV ...
Pincivero D M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine contraction intensity and arm abduction angle effects on perceived exertion between healthy young (n=14) and middle-aged (n=13) adults. Subjects participated in three separate experimental sessions during which, maximal (MVC) and sub-maximal (10-90% MVC, 10% increments, random order) arm abduction contractions were performed ...
Landi Francesco - - 2010
Sarcopenia has been indicated as a reliable marker of frailty and poor prognosis among the oldest individuals. We evaluated the relationship between midarm muscle circumference (MAMC) and physical performance, muscle strength, functional status and survival in persons aged 80 years or older. Data are from the baseline evaluation of the ...
Ling Carolina H Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Poor muscular strength has been shown to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality in diverse samples of middle-aged and elderly people. However, the oldest old population (i.e., over 85 years) is underrepresented in such studies. Our objective was to assess the association between muscular strength and mortality in ...
Kannas Theodoros - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine the differences in muscle architecture during isometric tests between children and adults. Eight boys (age= 11.2 +/- 0.26 years) and eight men (age= 22.3 +/- 2.01 years) performed plantar flexion isometric efforts at angles of -15 degrees, 0 degrees, 15 degrees at ...
Sakari Ritva - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prospective studies on the simultaneous effects of multiple determinants on objectively assessed mobility are few. The aim of this study was to analyse mobility performance, its stability and sensory, psychomotor and musculoskeletal determinants in an older population from age 75 to age 80. METHODS: Sixty-three men and ...
Peiffer Jeremiah J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Resistance training programs for older adults (>65 years) are an effective method to counteract the loss of muscle mass, strength, and function associated with aging. Nevertheless, limited normative strength and functional data exist for the comparison and stratification of older adults. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ...
Graciani Zodja - - 2010
Spastic paraplegia, optic atrophy, and neuropathy (SPOAN) is an autosomal recessive complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegia, which is clinically defined by congenital optic atrophy, infancy-onset progressive spastic paraplegia and peripheral neuropathy. In this study, which included 61 individuals (age 5-72 years, 42 females) affected by SPOAN, a comprehensive motor ...
Koster Annemarie - - 2010
To examine the association between physical fitness, assessed according to ability and time to complete a 400-m walk, on changes in body composition and muscle strength over a 7-year period. Prospective observational cohort study. Memphis, Tennessee, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Two thousand nine hundred forty-nine black and white men and women ...
Lin Kae-Long - - 2010
This study investigated the pozzolanic reactions and engineering properties of waste brick-blended cements in relation to various replacement ratios (0-50%). The waste brick consisted of SiO(2) (63.21%), Al(2)O(3) (16.41%), Fe(2)O(3) (6.05%), Na(2)O (1.19%), K(2)O (2.83%) and MgO (1.11%), and had a pozzolanic activity index of 107%. The toxic characteristic leaching ...
Wiacek Magdalena - - 2010
The objective of these studies was to determine the gender-dependent changes of coordination and fitness parameters in function of age by means of observational, cross-sectional study. We studied 180 male and 180 female participants by means of flamingo, kinesthetic differentiation, spatial orientation, reaction to signals, arm bend and chair stand ...
Guo Jie - - 2010
Nonmetals reclaimed from waste printed circuit boards (PCBs) are used to replace wood flour in the production of wood plastic composite (WPC). To evaluate property durability against weather exposure, the effects of accelerated aging process on the properties of WPC are investigated. The results show that filling of nonmetals in ...
Cowgill Libby W - - 2010
While a wide variety of studies have focused on population variation in adult cross-sectional properties, relatively little is known about population variation in postcranial robusticity in immature individuals. Furthermore, the age at which the population differences readily detected in adults manifest during growth is also unknown. This research addresses these ...
Yoto Tsuyoshi Yi - - 2010
To elucidate how aging affects the muscular load required for pulling up pants-style disposable diapers, and why some elderly people cannot pull up the rear of their disposable diapers well, we evaluated the electromyogram (EMG) of 8 young subjects (21.5+/-1.5 years) and 7 elderly subjects (71.6+/-6.1 years). EMG was measured ...
Angst Felix - - 2010
Hand strength is an important independent surrogate parameter to assess outcome and risk of morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the predictive power of cofactors and to predict population-based normative grip and pinch strength. A representative population survey was used as the basis for prediction analyses (n = ...
Araujo Andre B - - 2010
Age-related declines in lean body mass appear to be more rapid in men than in women but our understanding of muscle mass and function among different subgroups of men and their changes with age is quite limited. The objective of this analysis is to examine racial/ethnic differences and racial/ethnic group-specific ...
Grunte Iveta I Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-1212, - - 2010
Lower extremity torque steadiness has been shown to be an independent predictor of functional performance in older women. Hip muscle function is crucial for many types of activities of daily living, yet existing studies investigating torque steadiness for lower extremities are limited to assessing steadiness at the knee and ankle. ...
Chen X - - 2009
Dissolution of dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) source zones can be accurately predicted based on appropriate characterization of the source zone architecture, which controls the rate of mass discharge or source strength function. However, the architecture changes temporally as the source zone mass is depleted by dissolution. To generalize comparisons ...
Saccol Michele Forgiarini - - 2010
To evaluate shoulder rotation strength and compare the functional ratio between shoulders of elite junior tennis players. This cross-sectional study evaluated muscular rotation performance of 40 junior tennis players (26 male and 14 female) with an isokinetic dynamometer. Strength variables of external (ER) and internal rotators (IR) in concentric and ...
Jackson Allen W - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to determine the relation between quintiles of muscular strength after adjustment for age and body weight, and excessive body fat (EBF) and excessive abdominal fat (EAF) when controlling for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and other potential confounders. A two-phased cross-sectional and longitudinal study was conducted ...
Sedano S - - 2009
The main aim of the current study was to compare the anthropometrical and fitness profile of female soccer players by level and by playing positions. The second purpose was to explore correlations between kicking speed on the one hand and anthropometric features and explosive strength on the other. Female soccer ...
Bank David E - - 2009
The ideal dermal filler for treatment of the aging had needs to have inherent bulk and longevity of effect. The filler calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) provides a texture that lends itself to injection and then to subsequent massage, without losing control of where the product is placed. In the recent past, ...
Cortis Cristina - - 2009
This study aimed at verifying whether chronic participation in soccer training has a beneficial effect (p < 0.05) on the improvement and the maintenance of interlimb coordination performance across the lifespan and whether coordination is moderated by strength and power performances. Forty young (12 +/- 1 yr), 42 adult (26 ...
McCrory Jean L - - 2009
Exercise is commonly recommended to counteract aging-related muscle weakness. While numerous exercise intervention studies on the elderly have been performed, few have included elite senior athletes, such as those who participate in the National Senior Games. The extent to which participation in highly competitive exercise affects muscle strength is unknown, ...
Granacher Urs - - 2010
There is growing evidence that biological aging results in impaired force production of the lower extremities and deficits in reflex activity. This study therefore investigated maximal and explosive force production capacity, functional reflex activity (FRA) during gait perturbations, and the relationship between variables of force production capacity and FRA in ...
Carabello Robert J - - 2010
This study assessed the reliability of evaluating asymmetrical strength and power deficits in the lower limbs of healthy middle-aged, healthy older and mobility-limited elders. We also explored the relationship between limb asymmetry and physical functioning. We evaluated baseline knee extension strength and power asymmetry data from a cohort of older ...
Han Jing - - 2010
Porous scaffolds composed of alginate (AG) and chitosan (CS) were fabricated by combining the formation of polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) with freeze-drying. The AG scaffold was used as a framework with uniformly distributed and interconnected pore structure. The chitosan or chitosan/hydroxyapatite (CS/HA) composite solution was introduced into the pores of AG ...
Mirzaei Bahman - - 2009
The purpose of the present investigation was to describe the physiological profile of elite Iranian junior freestyle wrestlers. Seventy elite wrestlers (age 19.8 +/- 0.9 years) who were invited to the national training camps, based on their top 10 national ranking, participated in this study. The physiological profile included body ...
Boyce Robert W - - 2009
Strength is a critical factor in the health and job performance of police officers. Using a retrospective longitudinal design, the purpose of this study was to identify differences in strength scores from initial recruitment to in-service tests and to compare gender differences. Strength changes were also compared in low- to ...
Kong Pui W - - 2010
To compare the isometric and isokinetic hamstrings to quadriceps (H:Q) ratio 1) between the dominant (D) and non-dominant (ND) legs, and 2) between healthy males and females. Cross-sectional. University research laboratory. Quadriceps and hamstrings strength were assessed by maximum isometric contractions at six angles (40 degrees, 50 degrees, 60 degrees, ...
Kitisomprayoonkul Wasuwat - - 2010
Elderly often have Heberden nodes (HN) and Bouchard nodes (BN) that may affect finger dexterity. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess an effect of HN and BN on finger dexterity of the elderly. The nine-hole peg test was used for dexterity measurement in 200 elderly with HN ...
Lowndes Joshua - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the association of age with muscle mass and strength in a group of young adults before and after 12 weeks of progressive resistance training. Eight hundred twenty-six young males and females (age 24.34 +/- 5.69 yr, range 18-39 yr) completed a strictly ...
Evans John A - - 2009
Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) are simple, convenient, and noninvasive indices of respiratory muscle strength at the mouth, but standards are not clearly established. We review recent literature, update the 2002 American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society statement, and propose as the best choice using a flanged ...
Suri Pradeep - - 2009
To determine whether trunk muscle attributes are associated with balance and mobility performance among mobility-limited older adults. Cross-sectional analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial. Outpatient rehabilitation research center. Community-dwelling older adults (N = 70; mean age 75.9 years) with mobility limitations as defined by the Short Physical Performance ...
Waddington M S - - 2009
Female anaesthetists in early training commonly question whether their strength is adequate for tracheal intubation. This study investigated the influence of gender and experience on intubation ability and laryngoscopic technique. A manikin model and purpose-designed force-transducing laryngoscope was used to test three cohorts at different levels of experience (novice, intermediate ...
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