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Tamuly Chandan - - 2012
The synthesis of Ag, Au and Ag-Au bimetallic nanoparticles using Piper pedicellatum C.DC leaf extract is demonstrated here. The rapid formation of stable Ag and Au nanoparticles has been found using P. pedicellatum C.DC leaf extract in aqueous medium at normal atmospheric condition. Competitive reduction of Ag(+) and Au(3+) ions ...
Spinelli P - - 2012
Metal nanoparticles are efficient antennas for light. If embedded in a semiconductor material, they can enhance light absorption in the semiconductor, due to the strong plasmonic near-field coupling. We use numerical simulations to calculate the absorption enhancement in the semiconductor using Ag nanoparticles with diameters in the range 5-60 nm ...
Hu Xiaoye - - 2012
We present a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate featured by large-scale homogeneously distributed Ag nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) with sub-10 nm gaps assembled on a two-layered honeycomb-like TiO(2) film. The two-layered honeycomb-like TiO(2) film was achieved by a two-step anodization of pure Ti foil, with its upper layer consisting of hexagonally arranged shallow ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
A novel method immunosensor based on chemically functionalized Fe(3)O(4)/Ag/Au nanocomposite was developed. Fe(3)O(4)/Ag seeds were coated with Au and Fe(3)O(4)/Ag/Au nanocomposites were obtained. The nanocomposites could be obtained without violent stirring and the operation was easy and convenient. The magnetic nanocomposites can be easily immobilized on Au film of the ...
Hong Kihyon - - 2012
Using dielectric-constant (ε) matching of metal-oxide (MO) with Ag film, highly transparent MO/Ag electrodes are demonstrated. At the large-ε MO/Ag interface, surface-plasmon was suppressed and the film showed increased optical-transmittance (>70%). OLEDs fabricated using large-ε MO/Ag electrodes show 1.38 times greater luminance than that of devices with small-ε MO/Ag.
Pruneanu Stela - - 2012
This work is the first presentation of the synthesis of few-layer graphene decorated with gold and silver nanoparticles (Gr-Au-Ag) by chemical vapor deposition over a catalytic system formed of bimetallic Au-Ag nanoclusters supported on MgO and with methane used as the source of carbon. The sheetlike morphology of the graphene ...
Zhao Jing - - 2012
Ag(+) ions are greatly toxic to a lot of algae, fungi, viruses and bacteria, which can also induce harmful side-effects to environments and human health. Herein we report an ultra-sensitive method for the selective detection of Ag(+) ions with electrochemical technique based on Ag(+)-assisted isothermal exponential degradation reaction. In the ...
Jeevaratnam Kamalan - - 2012
Both Brugada Syndrome (BrS) and progressive cardiac conduction defect (PCCD) are associated respectively with diffuse and discrete alterations in conduction pathways affected by ageing and sex. This study assessed for contributions of such processes to the mechanism of conduction changes in Scn5a(+/-) and WT hearts stratified by age (3 and ...
Singh Manoj K - - 2012
Silver (Ag) nanoparticles were synthesized on the surface of graphene sheet by the simultaneous reduction of Ag+ and graphene oxide (GO) in the presence of simple reducing agent, hydrazine hydrate (N2H4 x H2O). Both the Ag+ and GO were reduced and Ag+ was nucleated onto graphene. GO flakes were prepared ...
Deshmukh Priyanka M - - 2012
About 30% of individuals over the age of 65, and 50% over age 80, fall at least once per year [1]. Fall-related injuries cost the Canadian health care system $2.8 billion annually [2]. Risk for falls in older adults is commonly assessed in the clinical environment using tools such as ...
Choi Jaeho - - 2012
The authors investigated Si solar cell with the inclusion of nano-Ag dots using the ink-jet printer. These nano-Ag dots were used for the Ohmic contact layer on phospho-silicate glass layer, which was not removed after the formation of Si emitter layer by phosphorus diffusion process. The SiNx layer deposited on ...
Vankipuram Mithra - - 2012
Increased physical activity and exercise have been found to reduce falls and decrease mortality and age-related morbidity in older adults. However, a large percentage of this population fail to achieve the necessary levels of activity needed to support health living. In this work, we present a mobile app developed on ...
Keenan Kevin G - - 2012
Mobile computing devices (e.g., smartphones and tablets) that have low-friction surfaces require well-directed fingertip forces of sufficient and precise magnitudes for proper use. Although general impairments in manual dexterity are well-documented in older adults, it is unclear how these sensorimotor impairments influence the ability of older adults to dexterously manipulate ...
Greaves Laura C LC Mitochondrial Research Group, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK. - - 2011
Mitochondrial DNA mutations and associated defects in cytochrome c oxidase (COX) are proposed to play an important role in human ageing; however there have been limited studies on the frequency of these defects in normal mouse ageing. Here we compare COX-deficiency in two epithelial tissues; the colon and the ciliary ...
Fujioka Hisashi - - 2011
Aging decreases oxidative phosphorylation through cytochrome oxidase (COX) in cardiac interfibrillar mitochondria (IFM) in 24-month old (aged) rats compared to 6-month old adult Fischer 344 rats, whereas subsarcolemmal mitochondria (SSM) located beneath the plasma membrane remain unaffected. Immunoelectron microscopy (IEM) reveals in aged rats a 25% reduction in cardiac COX ...
Mann Amandeep - - 2011
Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) is a drug-metabolizing enzyme expressed in the brain that also metabolizes endogenous neural compounds (e.g., catecholamines) and inactivates neurotoxins (e.g., 1-methyl-4-thenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine; MPTP). Genetically poor CYP2D6 metabolizers are at higher risk for developing Parkinson's disease (PD), a risk that increases with exposure to pesticides. As age is ...
Michaelides Marcos A - - 2011
Michaelides, MA, Parpa, KM, Henry, LJ, Thompson, GB, and Brown, BS. Assessment of physical fitness aspects and their relationship to firefighters' job abilities. J Strength Cond Res 25(4): 956-965, 2011-The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships between various fitness parameters and firefighting performance on an "Ability Test" ...
Ceglia Lisa - - 2011
Recent reports suggest that vitamin D status influences musculoskeletal health; yet, there are limited data in adult men. This study investigated whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration was associated with lean body mass, muscle strength and physical performance in men. Population-based, observational survey. 1219 black, Hispanic and white randomly selected ...
Tripp Adam - - 2011
Converging evidence suggests a central role for dysfunction of the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Underlying mechanisms may include altered GABAergic function. Expression of somatostatin (SST), an inhibitory neuropeptide localized to a subset of GABA neurons, has been shown to be lower ...
Zlotnik Alexander - - 2011
Abnormally high concentrations of glutamate in brain fluids have been shown to be neurotoxic and correlate with a poor neurological outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Since brain fluid glutamate can be reduced by scavenging blood glutamate, the purpose of this study was to investigate factors that may potentially influence ...
Kurina Olavi - - 2011
Both males and females of Baeopterogyna mihalyiiMatile, 1975 are recorded from northern Greece. Females are described for the first time providing photographs of the general facies and terminalia. In contrast to the single congener with stenopterous females - Baeopterogyna nudipes Vockeroth, 1972 - Baeopterogyna mihalyii is shown to have normally ...
Ozcan Mutlu - - 2010
this study evaluated the effect of different aging methods on the repair bond strength and failure types of a microhybrid and a nanohybrid composite. disk-shaped microhybrid (Quadrant Anterior Shine-QA) and nanohybrid (Tetric EvoCeram-TE) resin composite specimens (N = 192, n = 12/per group) were photopolymerized and randomly assigned to one ...
Stevens-Lapsley Jennifer E - - 2010
Danon disease is a rare X-linked myopathy that is characterized clinically by a triad of cardiomyopathy, skeletal myopathy, and cognitive impairment. The purpose of this investigation was to quantify functional performance, muscle weakness, and quadriceps activation in individuals with Danon disease as compared with healthy individuals. Four males (ages 10-34 ...
Hunter Gary R - - 2011
Aging is associated with loss of endurance; however, aging is also associated with decreased fatigue during maximal isometric contractions. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between age and walking endurance (WE) and maximal isometric fatigue (MIF) and to determine which metabolic/fitness components explain the expected age ...
Maggio Marcello - - 2011
To test the relationship between gonadal status and objective measures and determinants of physical performance in older men and their determinants. The study included 455 ≥ 65 year older men of InCHIANTI study, Italy, with complete data on testosterone levels, hand grip strength, cross-sectional muscle area (CSMA), short physical performance ...
Magalhães Eduardo - - 2010
Cross-sectional study. To compare the hip strength of sedentary females with either unilateral or bilateral patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) to a control group of sedentary females of similar demographics without PFPS. It has been suggested that hip muscle weakness may be an important factor in the etiology of young female ...
Wallerstein Lilian F - - 2010
Ramp isometric contractions determine peak torque (PT) and neuromuscular activation (NA), and ballistic contractions can be used to evaluate rate of torque development (RTD) and electrical mechanical delay (EMD). The purposes of this study were to assess the number of sessions required to stabilize ramp and ballistic PT and to ...
Parreira Samara Lamounier Santana - - 2010
To compare muscle strength (MS) and motor function in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) receiving steroids for different times against the natural evolution of DMD described by Scott et al. 90 patients with DMD (aged 5- 12 years), receiving steroids for one to seven years, were evaluated by Medical ...
Nitz J C - - 2010
The Nintendo Wii Fit is a new product that is purported to improve balance, strength, flexibility, fitness and general well-being. Currently, there are no controlled trials published to support such claims. The aim of this research was to determine the feasibility of Wii Fit in improving balance, strength, flexibility and ...
Malina Robert M - - 2011
Purpose: To evaluate age and secular changes in strength of rural Zapotec adults in Oaxaca between 1978 and 2000. Methods: Grip strength, height and weight were measured in 1978 (n = 247, 19-82 years) and 2000 (n = 407, 19-89 years); 35 males and 52 females were measured in both years. MANCOVA was used ...
Camic Clayton L - - 2010
The purposes of the present study were to determine the patterns of age-related changes in 1) height (HT), body weight (BW), fat-free weight (FFW), and absolute isokinetic peak torque (PT); and 2) isokinetic PT covaried separately for HT, BW, FFW, and HT and BW combined in young wrestlers. One hundred ...
Kays Stephanie A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that eating a meal reduces tongue strength and endurance in healthy old and young adults. It was predicted that older adults would show greater declines in tongue endurance while demonstrating higher perceived effort, longer meal durations, and clinical signs of ...
Lieberman Harris R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: US Army soldiers engage in strenuous activities and must maintain fitness and body weight to retain their jobs. Anecdotal reports suggest that the use of dietary supplements (DSs) by soldiers may reflect their unique occupational requirements and the complexity of their job and family responsibilities. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the ...
Palinkas Marcelo - - 2010
The present study aimed investigate the age and gender influence on maximal molar bite force and at outlining the criteria for normal masticatory muscle development in a sample of 177 Brazilian Caucasian dentate individuals aged 7-80 years divided into five age groups: I (7-12 years), II (13-20 years), III (21-40 ...
Cristea Alexander - - 2010
The skeletal muscle fibre is a syncitium where each myonucleus regulates the gene products in a finite volume of the cytoplasm, i.e., the myonuclear domain (MND). We analysed aging- and gender-related effects on myonuclei organization and the MND size in single muscle fibres from six young (21-31 years) and nine ...
Demura Shinichi - - 2011
This study aimed to clarify the difference in hand grip power in elderly males and females. The subjects were 15 elderly males (mean age 65.6±2.5 years, mean height 165.7±6.0cm, mean mass 63.9±5.5kg) and 15 elderly females (mean age 65.0±2.6 years, mean height 155.2±5.3cm, mean mass 56.5±7.3kg). Peak velocity was measured ...
Wormgoor Shohn - - 2010
Fast bowling is fundamental to all forms of cricket. The purpose of this study was to identify parameters that contribute to high ball release speeds in cricket fast bowlers. We assessed anthropometric dimensions, concentric and eccentric isokinetic strength of selected knee and shoulder muscle groups, and specific aspects of technique ...
Videler Annemieke J - - 2010
Clinical features of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) include slowly progressive distal muscle weakness, atrophy and sensory loss. Upper-limb involvement results in reduced manual dexterity interfering with the execution of daily activities. To identify which hand function impairments are determinants of manual dexterity in CMT1A. In a cross-sectional, observational study, ...
Feland J B - - 2010
This study was a randomized control trial. The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to determine if stretching the hamstrings during whole-body-vibration (WBV) is more effective than static stretching alone; and 2) to monitor retention of flexibility changes. The main outcome measure was hamstring flexibility as measured in degrees ...
Wang Ching-Yi - - 2010
Hand dominance in a group of Asian adults 60 to 89 years old was examined. Participants were independently living in the community; free of pain, injury, and disease of the upper limbs; and had no restrictions on use of upper extremities in daily activities. The grip strengths of both hands ...
Di Giminiani R - - 2010
The first purpose of the present study was to assess acute, residual and chronic effects of whole-body vibration on hamstring and lower back flexibility through the application of an individual frequency of vibration. The second purpose was to determine whether the applied vibration intervention over time influences flexibility and reactive ...
Utter Alan C - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of ultrasound velocity (UV) to detect changes in the hydration status of wrestlers after undergoing acute dehydration and a 2-hour rehydration period. Forty-seven NCAA wrestlers (mean+/-SEM); age 19.1+/-0.2 years, height 1.73+/-0.1 m, body mass (BM) 79.4+/-2.4 kg were tested in ...
Vitorino Jussara - - 2010
In order to diagnose abnormality in tongue strength and endurance and to obtain more precise rehabilitation planning, the aims of this study were to examine typical tongue strength and endurance of 75 healthy Portuguese speakers. The tongue strength and endurance scores were obtained using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI ...
Beenakker Karel G M - - 2010
There is growing recognition of the serious consequences of sarcopenia on the functionality and autonomy in old age. Recently, the age-related changes in several inflammatory mediators have been implicated in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia. The purposes of this systematic review were two-fold: (1) to describe the patterns of muscle strength ...
Rinastiti Margareta - - 2011
This study evaluates effects of aging on repair bond strengths of microhybrid, nanohybrid, and nanofilled composite resins and characterizes the interacting surfaces after aging. Disk-shaped composite specimens were assigned to one of three aging conditions: (1) thermocycling (5,000 ×, 5-55 °C), (2) storage in water at 37 °C for 6 ...
Yoshida Makoto - - 2010
CONTEXT: Studies have reported the difference in humeral retroversion (HR) between the dominant and nondominant side in throwing athletes. However, there are few data concerning HR for the rest of the population. In addition, the relationship between HR and external (ER) and internal rotation (IR) at 90 degrees shoulder abduction ...
Kim Sukwon - - 2010
Although a risk of occupational musculoskeletal diseases has been identified with age-related strength degradation, strength measures from working group are somewhat sparse. This is especially true for the lower extremity strength measures in dynamic conditions (i.e., isokinetic). The objective of this study was to quantify the lower extremity muscle strength ...
Weemhoff Mirjam - - 2010
Epidemiological data supports the hypothesis that ageing is a risk factor for pelvic organ prolapse. In this study, we intended to determine the effect of age on levator function and morphometry in women with pelvic floor disorders. Three hundred seventy-five patients underwent an interview, physical examination and transperineal ultrasound. Clinical ...
Irwin Curt B - - 2010
Clinical Measurement. Grip strength has been administered for many years with a wide variety of instruments and for very different purposes. To examine the reliability and validity of a new grip measurement device, the multiaxis profile (MAP) dynamometer, compared with the Baseline dynamometer (Fabrication Enterprises Inc., White Plains, NY) and ...
Harwood B - - 2010
In the biceps brachii, age-related differences in synaptic excitability and muscle architecture may affect motor unit (MU) activity differently depending on the position of the forearm. It was hypothesised that as a result of these age-related differences, greater changes in MU activity would accompany a change in forearm position in ...
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