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Malathi Sampath S Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, Tamilnadu, - - 2014
Gold-silver alloy nanoparticles were synthesized via chemical reduction of varying mole fractions of chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) and silver nitrate (AgNO3) by environmentally benign isonicotinic acid hydrazide (INH) in the presence of starch as a capping agent in aqueous medium. The absorption spectra of Au-Ag nanoparticles show blue shift with increasing ...
Gohilot Avinash A Department of Orthodontics, Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) are seen to have reduced airway size and large adenoids, which might lead to different characteristics in the upper airway and surrounding tissues from both morphological and functional perspectives. Decrease in adenoid size and increase in need ratio in cleft patients might lead ...
Burt S Alexandra SA Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 107D Psychology Building, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA, - - 2014
Non-shared environmental influences show only minimal stability over time prior to adulthood. The long assessment lags (typically 3-5 years) that characterize most longitudinal twin studies, however, make it difficult to interpret these results. To more rigorously evaluate non-shared environmental stability prior to adulthood, we fitted biometric correlated factors models to (1) ...
Pimenta Luiz André LA Department of Dental - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the volume of nasopharyngeal airways of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) with a control (noncleft) group of subjects. Retrospective case-control study. The sample consisted of 45 subjects, 30 with UCLP who underwent cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) exams as ...
Jayasinghe S U SU Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition ResearchSchool of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Melbourne, Victoria 3125, AustraliaLivestock and Farming SystemsSouth Australian Research and Development Institute, University of Adelaide, Roseworthy, Adelaide, South Australia 5371, - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that overweight/obese men aged 50-70 years will have a greater salivary cortisol, salivary alpha amylase and heart rate (HR) responses to psychological stress compared with age matched lean men. Lean (BMI=20-25 kg/m(2); n=19) and overweight/obese (BMI=27-35 kg/m(2); n=17) men (50-70 years) were subjected to a well-characterised psychological stress ...
Verma Pradhuman P Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Surendera Dental College and Research Institute, Sriganganagar, - - 2014
The present study was aimed to investigate the variation of soft palate morphology in different age and gender groups. The correlations of radiographic velar length (VL), velar width (VW), pharyngeal depth (PD), and Need's ratio with soft palate variants were also studied in the North Indian subpopulation. The study sample ...
Cong D Y DY Institute for Frontier Materials, Deakin University, 75 Pigdons Road, Waurn Ponds, VIC 3216, Australia; State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, No. 30 Xueyuan Rd, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper systematically examines the thermomechanical properties and phase transformation behaviours of slightly Ni-rich Ni-Ti biomedical shape memory wires containing homogeneously distributed nanoscale precipitates induced by stress-assisted ageing. In contrast to previous studies, we pay particular attention to the role of precipitates in impeding twin boundary movement (TBM) and its ...
Bashir Ommer O Nanoscience Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), New Delhi 110025, - - 2014
Silver nanocomposites (AgCPs) have been synthesized by chemical reduction from silver nitrate and sodium borohydride in presence of two stabilizers. Starch and poly (vinyl) alcohol, PVA with its rich source of polyhydroxy groups has been exploited for the capping of AgCPs. The ageing of NaBH4 aqueous solution, molar ratios of ...
Mao Peili P Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research (YIC), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Yantai 264003, - - 2014
Effects of age and stand density of mother tree on seed germination, seedling biomass allocation, and seedling growth of Pinus thunbergii were studied. The results showed that age of mother tree did not have significant influences on seed germination, but it was significant on seedling biomass allocation and growth. Seedlings ...
He Cheng-Shiun - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine sex differences in oral-respiratory mucosal immunity and the incidence, severity and duration of upper respiratory symptoms (URS) episodes in endurance athletes during a 16-week winter training period. Blood was collected from 210 subjects (147 men and 63 women) at the start and ...
Paradowska-Stolarz Anna A Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Wrocław Medical University, Krakowska 26, 50-425 Wrocław, Poland, - - 2014
Aim: Patients with clefts suffer from maxillary underdevelopment. There is little data concerning the mandibular length. The aim of the study was to compare the measured lengths of mandibular body and ramus between the groups of patients with total clefts of lip, alveolar bone and palate and healthy individuals. Material ...
Flieger Rafał R Centrum Stomatologii (The Dentistry Centre), Bukowska 70, 60-554 Poznań, - - 2014
Background: The ability to correctly assess the patient's bone age is an important element that allows correct diagnosis and proper planning of the start of orthodontic treatment. Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate bone age in children with congenital craniofacial defects - primary and secondary palate cleft. ...
Wolber Lisa E LE Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, King's College London, London, United - - 2014
Epigenetic regulation of gene expression has been shown to change over time and may be associated with environmental exposures in common complex traits. Age-related hearing impairment is a complex disorder, known to be heritable, with heritability estimates of 57-70%. Epigenetic regulation might explain the observed difference in age of onset ...
Kishimoto Takeshi T Faculty of Liberal Arts, University of the Sacred Heart, Tokyo, - - 2014
In April 2009, a female chimpanzee named Sango, living in a captive group at the Noichi Zoo, Japan, gave birth to dizygotic male-female twin chimpanzees (male: Daiya, female: Sakura). The extent to which adult group members cared for the twins was investigated using a focal animal sampling method targeting six ...
Rai Shankar Man SM Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Exhibition Road, Kathmandu, - - 2013
Timely repair of cleft lip and palate maximises the benefits of surgery. Developing countries have large number of adults with unrepaired clefts. The impact of a cleft program can be determined by observing the trends of lower age at surgery. Public Health Concern Trust, Nepal has been providing a comprehensive ...
Nater Urs M - - 2013
Salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase are known to have distinctive diurnal profiles. However, little is known about systematic changes in these biomarkers across the adult lifespan. In a study of 185 participants (aged 20-81 years), time-stamped salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase were collected 7 times/day over 10 days. Samples were taken upon ...
Zwier N - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between several parameters of saliva and erosive wear in adolescents. (Un-)stimulated saliva was collected from 88 adolescents with erosion and 49 controls (age 16 ± 1 years). Flow rate, pH and buffer capacity were determined immediately. Total protein content, carbonic ...
Hudson J - - 2013
Examinations of stress in coaches have mainly been qualitative and focused on chronic stressors. This exploratory study examined stress responses in coaches during competition, including psychological and physiological indices. Using reversal theory, we examined metamotivational state profiles during competition. Ten male team sport coaches (mean age 39.8 ± 13.12 years) reported levels of ...
Arhakis Aristidis - - 2013
The secretion of salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) is more associated with psychoneuroendocrinological response to stress than with the flow rate and age. The aim of this cross sectional study is to build an explanatory model based on patterns of relationship between age 20-39 in resting and stimulated saliva under no stressful ...
Ciggin Asli S - - 2012
The study investigated the effect of acetate/starch mixture on the formation of storage biopolymers as compared with the storage mechanism in systems fed with these compounds as single substrates. Experiments involved two sequencing batch reactor sets operated at steady state, at sludge ages of 8 and 2 days, respectively. Each set ...
Garza-Caligaris Luz Elena - - 2012
Prolonged storage generally reduces seed viability and vigour, although the rate of deterioration varies among species and environmental conditions. Here, we suggest a possible ageing molecular marker: At3g08030 mRNA. At3g08030 is a member of the DUF642 highly conserved family of cell-wall-associated proteins that is specific for spermatophytes. At3g08030 expression was ...
Burris Christopher T - - 2012
Based on conceptual extrapolations from sociobiological models concerning the significance of secondary sex characteristics as markers of a female's capacity to produce and nurture offspring, we reasoned that men's greater unwillingness to reproduce would be linked to preference for a female body type characterized by the relative absence of such ...
Garbe James C - - 2012
Women older than 50 years account for 75% of new breast cancer diagnoses, and the majority of these tumors are of a luminal subtype. Although age-associated changes, including endocrine profiles and alterations within the breast microenvironment, increase cancer risk, an understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlies these ...
Zhuang H - - 2012
The effects of postdeboning aging and frozen storage on water-holding capacity (WHC) of chicken breast pectoralis major muscle were investigated. Broiler breast muscle was removed from carcasses either early postmortem (2 h) or later postmortem (24 h). Treatments included: no postdeboning aging; 1-d postdeboning aging at 2°C, 7-d postdeboning aging ...
Katekhong Wattinee W Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, - - 2012
This study investigated the effect of aging rice on the freeze-thaw stability of rice flour gels since repeated freeze-thaw cycles can lead to reduced food quality. A rice grain cultivar called 'Khoa Dawk Mali 105' was aged for three different time periods, ranging from 0 to 12 months. Rice gels ...
Li Jingjing - - 2012
As an emerging category of fluorescent metal nanoclusters, oligonucleotide-templated silver nanoclusters (Ag NCs) have attracted a lot of interest and have showed widely applications in bio-related disciplines. However, the weak fluorescence emission and poor permeability to cell membranes tethered further intracellular applications of Ag NCs. AS1411 is an anti-proliferative G-rich ...
Hocking P M - - 2012
1. A genome-wide scan of 467 F(2) progeny of a broiler x layer cross was conducted to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting the rate of growth of the tail, wing and back feathers, and the width of the breast feather tract, at three weeks of age. 2. Correlations between ...
Cohen Harvey Jay - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of aging, comorbidities and symptoms on physical function in patients surviving 20 years since adjuvant treatment for breast cancer. PATIENTS #ENTITYSTARTX00026; METHODS: Patients were originally treated on CALGB 7581 (from 1975-1980), a randomized trial of three adjuvant therapies and ...
Conde Délio Marques - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of low bone mineral density (BMD) and associated factors in middle-aged breast cancer survivors (BCS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 70 BCS of 45-65 years of age undergoing complete oncology treatment. Logistic regression models were ...
Buggio Laura - - 2012
Female beauty has always attracted human beings. In particular, beauty has been interpreted in terms of reproductive potential and advantage in selection of mates. We have reviewed the recent literature on female facial and physical beauty with the objective of defining which parameters could influence female attractiveness. Symmetry, averageness, and ...
Belva F - - 2012
BACKGROUNDTo date, information on the pubertal development of adolescents born after ICSI is scarce, since the very first cohort is only now reaching young adulthood. In this study, pubertal development at the age of 14 was characterized in a longitudinally followed cohort of ICSI-conceived teenagers and compared with that of ...
Perlo Flavia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation (ES) in poultry processing is reported in the literature with varying degrees of effectiveness. Furthermore, the combined effects of ES and polyphosphate marination are not completely known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of ES, aging time prior to deboning and phosphate ...
van de Water Willemien W Department of Surgical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The - - 2012
In addition to classic tumor-related prognostic factors, patient characteristics may be associated with breast cancer outcome. To assess the association between age at diagnosis and breast cancer outcome in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Study analysis of 9766 patients enrolled in the TEAM (Tamoxifen Exemestane Adjuvant Multinational) randomized ...
Shenvi Swapna V SV Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, - - 2012
NFE2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) transcriptionally governs the cellular response to harmful electrophiles, xenobiotics, and reactive oxygen species. Its nuclear levels decline with age (Suh et al., 2004a), which in part explains the age-related loss of phase II detoxification. However, little work has yet characterized how age affects Nrf2 DNA binding ...
Ahmad I - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate the role of non-enzymatic antioxidants on adaptive skills over time in the bivalve Scrobicularia plana environmentally exposed to mercury. Inter-age (2(+), 3(+), 4(+), 5(+) year old) and organ-specific (gills, digestive gland) approaches were applied in bivalves collected from moderately and highly contaminated sites at Ria ...
Abulkhair Omalkhair - - 2012
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has a poor prognosis and overall survival (OS) compared to other types of breast cancer tumors. However, there is to date no evidence that this is also the case in Saudi Arabia. Retrospective review of breast cancer patients who were treated from January 2001 to December ...
Rollof Lena - - 2012
Self-assessment of puberty has been reported to correlate well with staging by a physician. No previous study has evaluated the use of an orchidometer to assess testicular size in boys. This study included 44 girls and 56 boys, 10-16 years old, with assessed Tanner staging. The boys also used an ...
Rahman M H - - 2012
A 29 years old patient, claimed to be a male, presented to us with pubertal gender swing from female to male. Since birth he was reared as a female child. His breasts, axillary hairs and pubic hairs developed at about 11-12 years of age. At that time he also observed ...
Zhang Qiang - - 2012
There has been a sharp increase in the incidence of breast cancer in China in recent years. A number of female physical characteristics, such as age at menarche, menopause, first birth and the duration of breastfeeding, have been linked to breast cancer, yet data on these factors in Chinese women ...
Pham Chi Hoa - - 2011
The chronic toxicity test has been conducted for twenty-eight days to characterize the hepatic expression levels of eight stress-related genes after exposing Medaka to two doses of silver nitrate or a silver nanoparticle (Ag-NP) using real time RT-PCR analysis. This extends our previously published work to include three additional biomarkers ...
Spatari Giovanna - - 2011
Simple aromatic hydrocarbon benzene occurs naturally in crude oil and petroleum. Benzene has been internationally recognised as a haematotoxin and carcinogen. The involvement of oxidative stress is a major susceptibility factors for benzene hematotoxicity in humans. Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are modified structures ...
Hübner-Woźniak E - - 2011
Study design:A cross-sectional study with comparison group.Objectives:To examine the effect of rugby training on the blood antioxidant capacity in able-bodied and wheelchair rugby players with tetraplegia.Setting:Poland.Methods:Four groups of subjects participated in the study: sedentary able-bodied males (group SA, n=19), sedentary males with tetraplegia (group ST, n=10), able-bodied rugby players (group ...
Mandal Pravat K - - 2011
Glutathione (GSH) serves as an important anti-oxidant in the brain by scavenging harmful reactive oxygen species that are generated during different molecular processes. The GSH level in the brain provides indirect information on oxidative stress of the brain. We report in vivo detection of GSH non-invasively from various brain regions ...
Venkateshappa C - - 2011
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by selective degeneration and loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) of the ventral mid brain leading to dopamine depletion in the striatum. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage have been implicated in the death of SN neurons during the evolution of PD. In ...
Motawi Tarek K - - 2011
This study investigates the effect of aminoguanidine (AG), a selective inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor, and pentoxifylline (PTX), a tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) inhibitor, on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cardiac stress. Rats were divided into four groups: group I served as a control, group II (LPS) received a single intraperitoneal injection ...
Knott Katrina K - - 2011
We examined biomarkers of selenium status (whole blood Se; serum Se; glutathione peroxidase activity) and thyroid status (concentrations and ratios of thyroxine, T4; tri-iodothyronine, T3; albumin) in polar bears to assess variations among cohorts, and relationships to circulating concentrations of contaminants. Concentrations of total mercury (Hg) in whole blood were ...
Arzate-Cárdenas Mario Alberto - - 2011
Daphnia schodleri is a naturally occurring cladoceran in Mexican freshwater bodies and its relative big size and short life cycle allow its use in toxicological bioassays. Generally, life stages at opposite sides of a normal distribution are considered to be the most susceptible and/or sensitive because of several sub-individual level ...
Hadzi-Petrushev Nikola - - 2011
In the present study, we investigated both the age- and heat exposure-related redox changes of blood plasma by analyzing GSH, thiol status and carbonyl groups. Our results clearly indicated that the plasma redox balance shifted toward oxidation during both aging and acute heat exposure. To further confirm this age- and ...
Amato Elvio - - 2011
In the present work, we describe a simple procedure to produce biomimetically coated silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs), based on the postfunctionalization and purification of colloidal silver stabilized by citrate. Two biological capping agents have been used (cysteine Cys and glutathione GSH). The composition of the capped colloids has been ascertained ...
Fabian Elisabeth - - 2011
Eur J Clin Invest 2011 ABSTRACT: Background  Since oxidative stress might cause and promote cardiovascular risk factors such as oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL), apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)], asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and fetuin A, we investigated antioxidant enzyme activities in relation to the vascular redox balance and these risk factors in elderly people. ...
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