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Eblen-Zajjur Antonio A Laboratory of Neurophysiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Carabobo University, Barbula, Valencia, Venezuela. - - 2014
It is well known that the salivary flow is reduced by aging but ionic composition changes associated to aging have been less evaluated. To measure salivary and plasmatic []Na+[], []K+[] and []Cl-[] and to correlate with age in healthy, non-medicated subjects of any gender, 165 healthy participating subjects (over 15 ...
Wahl Hans-Werner HW Institute of Psychology, Department of Psychological Aging Research, Heidelberg University, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sensory impairment does not only impact quality of life but has also been found to compromise mental health. In order to learn about processes behind, this paper focuses on the relationship between functional ability (FA) and positive affect (PA), a major component of well-being, in sensory impaired very old adults ...
Li Zhen Z Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130 - - 2014
Studies of mineral compositional effects during bone aging are complicated by the presence of collagen. Hypermineralized bullae of Atlantic bottlenose dolphins of<3months, 2.5years, and 20years underwent micrometer-scale point analysis by Raman spectroscopy and electron microprobe in addition to bulk analysis for carbon. Bulla central areas have a mineral content of ...
Schilling Oliver K OK Department of Psychological Ageing Research, Institute of Psychology, University of - - 2014
This study used data from a 30-day diary study with 289 adults (age range 18-89 years) to model the effects of stressor pile-up on individuals' daily negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA) and to test for age differences in these effects. Specifically, we developed a new approach to operationalize ...
Mirzaei Masoud - - 2014
To assess the daily salt intake of people aged 20-74 years based on the 24-hour urinary sodium excretion in urban population of Yazd, a population-based cross-sectional study was conducted. This is a substudy of Yazd Healthy Heart Project in Iran. From 2004 to 2005, two thousand people of the urban ...
Gawryszewski Vilma Pinheiro VP Health Information and Analysis Unit, American Health Organization, Washington, DC, United - - 2014
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. The aim here was to evaluate trends in mortality due to cardiovascular diseases in three different regions of the Americas. This was a time series study in which mortality data from three different regions in the Americas from 2000 to the ...
Lankadeva Yugeesh R YR Department of Physiology, Monash University, Victoria, - - 2014
Fetal uninephrectomy (uni-x) results in hypertension at a later age in female than male sheep. We hypothesized that dysregulation of tubular sodium handling contributes to the reduced ability to regulate extracellular fluid (ECF) homeostasis in older females born with a congenital nephron deficit. Following renal excretory balance studies, the response ...
Scott Stacey B SB Center for Healthy Aging, Pennsylvania State - - 2013
Research on age differences in emotional responses to daily stress has produced inconsistent findings. Guided by recent theoretical advances in aging theory (S. T. Charles, 2010, Strength and vulnerability integration: A model of emotional well-being across adulthood, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 136, pp. 1068-1091) that emphasize the importance of context for ...
Serrano Cecilia M - - 2013
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has 3 clinical subtypes: amnestic (aMCI), multiple domains (mdMCI) and non-amnestic single domain (na-SD-MCI) whose evolutive possibility to dementia has not been profoundly studied. Objective: This paper aims to determine the conversion to dementia of the different subtypes of MCI and determine risk factors associated to ...
Tan Patricia Z - - 2013
Theory suggests temperamental reactivity [negative affectivity (NA)] and regulation [effortful control (EC)] predict variation in the development of emotion regulation (ER). However, few studies report such relations, particularly studies utilizing observational measures of children's ER behaviors in longitudinal designs. Using multilevel modeling, the present study tested whether (1) between-person differences ...
Zhang Chi - - 2013
A series sulfides of A-Ag-S (1-3; A = K, Rb, Cs), Na5AgGe2S7 (4), and Rb2Ag2GeS4 (5) have been prepared solvothermally in the presence of excess sulfur. Among these compounds, 4 is a new compound that has a novel layered structure; the others were obtained under mild conditions. The results showed ...
Ramkissoon Ishara - - 2013
Effects of clicks and tonebursts on early and late auditory middle latency response (AMLR) components were evaluated in young and older cigarette smokers and nonsmokers. Participants (n=49) were categorized by smoking and age into four groups: older smokers, older nonsmokers, young smokers, and young nonsmokers. Monaural, two-channel AMLRs were acquired ...
Laurita Geneva - - 2013
Polycrystalline samples of the pyrochlore series Ag1-xM(n)xSbO3+x[(n-1)/2] (M = Na, K, and Tl) have been structurally analyzed through total scattering techniques. The upper limits of x obtained were 0.05 for Na, 0.16 for K, and 0.17 for Tl. The Ag(+) cation occupies a site with inversion symmetry on a 3-fold ...
Zheng Z H - - 2013
To investigate variability in the upper airway of subjects with different anteroposterior skeletal patterns by evaluating the volume and the most constricted cross-sectional area of the pharyngeal airway and defining correlations between the different variables. The study sample consisted of 60 patients (29 boys, 31 girls) divided into three groups: ...
Arce Funck J - - 2013
The study aims at investigating the effects of silver (Ag), a re-emerging contaminant, on physiological and behavioural responses in Gammarus fossarum. In a first experiment, G. fossarum Ag LC50s were evaluated during 96h under semi-static mode of exposure. Juveniles appeared to be more sensitive to Ag (LC5096h: 1.01μgL(-1)) than ovigerous ...
Korayem Mohammed A - - 2013
Objective: To compare the cephalometric characteristics of Down syndrome (DS) subjects with those of normal subjects. Materials and Methods: Cephalometric radiographs of 60 Saudi DS subjects and 60 controls with specific inclusion criteria were used. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the quantitative and categorical variables, and the Student's t-test ...
Gallicchio Marisa A - - 2013
Chronic hyperglycaemia during diabetes leads to non-enzymatic glycation of proteins to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs) that contribute to nephropathy. We describe AGE uptake in LLC-PK1 and HK2 proximal tubule cell lines by macropinocytosis, a non-specific, endocytic mechanism. AGE-BSA induced dorsal circular actin ruffles and amiloride-sensitive dextran-TRITC uptake, significantly ...
Huxhold Oliver - - 2013
Objectives.It has been considered a fact that informal social activities promote well-being in old age, irrespective of whether they are performed with friends or family members. Fundamental differences in the relationship quality between family members (obligatory) and friends (voluntary), however, suggest differential effects on well-being. Further, age-related changes in networks ...
Kalinin Sergey S Department of Anesthesiology, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, - - 2013
The vervet is an old world monkey increasingly being used as a model for human diseases. In addition to plaques and tangles, an additional hallmark of Alzheimer's disease is damage to neurons that synthesize noradrenaline (NA). We characterized amyloid burden in the posterior temporal lobe of young and aged vervets, ...
Eroz R - - 2013
Argyrophilic nucleolar organizing region (AgNORs) associated proteins are important for cell proliferation and various diseases. We investigated AgNOR protein synthesis in hair root cells of males and females at different ages using two-dimensional image analysis. Experiments were performed on 58 healthy male and 24 healthy female volunteers in three groups ...
Rossetti Alberto - - 2013
Objective: To demonstrate if one or more golden relationships between different measurements of the human face exist. Materials and Methods: To make our measurements, we used three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry, which has proved to be the "gold standard" in the field of facial anthropometry. We obtained 3D stereophotogrammetric facial acquisitions of ...
Qi Jing - - 2013
We demonstrate current self-complianced and self-rectifying bipolar resistive switching in an Ag-electroded Na-doped ZnO nanowire device. The resistive switching is controlled by the formation and rupture of an Ag nanoisland chain on the surface along the Na-doped ZnO nanowire. Na-doping plays important roles in both the self-compliance and self-rectifying properties.
Zhao Xiao-Guang - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To create a combined male-female Chinese Bolton standard for age 13 and to compare it to the combined Bolton standard for white 13 year olds. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two Chinese and 32 white subjects (16 adolescent boys and 16 adolescent girls aged 13 years in each ethnic group) who fulfilled ...
Mallat Jihad - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To investigate whether the difference between sodium and chloride ([Na(+)] - [Cl(-)]) and anion gap corrected for albumin and lactate (AG(corr)) could be used as apparent strong ion difference (SID(app)) and strong ion gap (SIG) surrogates (respectively) in critically ill patients. METHODS: A total of 341 patients were prospectively ...
Kaminsky Yury G YG Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Pushchino, 142290, - - 2013
Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common dementing illness. Metabolic defects in the brain with aging contribute to the pathogenesis of AD. These changes can be found systematically and thus can be used as potential biomarkers. Erythrocytes (RBCs) are passive "reporter cells" that are not well studied in AD. In ...
Dougherty Lea R - - 2012
Neuroendocrine dysfunction is hypothesized to be an early emerging vulnerability marker for depression. We tested whether the main and interactive effects of maternal psychopathology and early child temperamental vulnerability for depression assessed at age three predicted offspring's basal cortisol function at age 6 years. 228 (122 males) children participated in the ...
Bodner Ehud - - 2012
Objectives.This study examines whether the relationship between positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) is more complex among old-old than among young-old participants and whether the independence and potential co-occurrence of both PA and NA (affect complexity) is related to higher self-esteem (SE) among older participants.Method.A convenience sample of 311 ...
Vogel Nina - - 2012
Late-life development may imply terminal processes related with time-to-death rather than with chronological age. In this study, we applied the time-to-death perspective to affective well-being. Using a 15-year observational interval including five measurement occasions with a large sample of deceased participants (N = 1,671; mean age = 75.60; mean time-to-death ...
Phillips Wendy J - - 2012
Objectives.Self-compassion has been associated with psychological health in young and multigenerational samples. This study investigated whether self-compassion may be associated with subjective well-being (positive affect [PA] and negative affect [NA]) and psychological well-being (ego integrity and meaning in life) in older adults. It also assessed the structure of the Self-Compassion ...
Zaghloul Sahar - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe nutrient intakes and prevalence of overweight and obesity in a nationally representative sample of Kuwaitis and to compare intakes with reference values. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multistage stratified, cluster sample. Settings National nutrition survey covering all geographical areas of the country. SUBJECTS: Kuwaitis (n 1704) between 3 and 86 ...
Kulshreshtha Bindu - - 2012
Children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) provide us an opportunity to study the clinical effects of androgen excess in humans. We studied the sequence of pubertal development in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia initiated on treatment at different ages, to assess the effects of androgen exposure on the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Ovarian (HPO) ...
de Chalus T - - 2012
An upper threshold of 7.4 mm for maximal adrenal gland diameter is commonly used to detect pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism ultrasonographically in dogs. There is a substantial overlap between adrenal gland diameter of healthy dogs and of those with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism. The aim of this study is to determine the measurements of both ...
Wilkinson John E - - 2012
Rapamycin increases lifespan in mice, but whether this represents merely inhibition of lethal neoplastic diseases, or an overall slowing in multiple aspects of aging is currently unclear. We report here that many forms of age-dependent change, including alterations in heart, liver, adrenal glands, endometrium, and tendon, as well as age-dependent ...
Pijnenburg-Kleizen Karijn J - - 2012
Background/Aims: In classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), elevation of adrenal androgens leads to accelerated growth and bone maturation with compromised adult height. In untreated children with non-classical CAH (NC-CAH), in which adrenal androgens are generally only slightly increased, growth velocity may not be significantly elevated. Methods: Twenty-four patients were included ...
Nagaya Teruo - - 2012
Serum dehydroepiandrosterone- sulfate (DHEAS), the most abundant adrenal steroid hormone, may predict aging status and longevity in humans. The aims of this study are to clarify the fundamental properties of serum DHEAS as a biomarker for health in middle-aged men. We investigated correlations of serum DHEAS with age or conventional ...
Thankamony Ajay A Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, United - - 2012
Earlier age at menarche is associated with rapid infancy weight gain and childhood obesity. The role of hormone levels in mediating these associations is unclear. The aim of this study was to identify childhood hormone levels at age 8 yr that are associated with early menarche, independent of body size. ...
Berenbaum Sheri A SA Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA. - - 2012
There is considerable controversy about the origins of sex differences in cognitive abilities, particularly the male superiority in spatial abilities. We studied effects of early androgens on spatial and mechanical abilities in adolescents and young adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). On tests of three-dimensional mental rotations, geography, and mechanical ...
Grimm Stefanie - - 2012
Advanced glycation end product-modified proteins are known for accumulating during aging and in several pathological conditions such as diabetes, renal failure, and neurodegenerative disorders. There is little information about the intracellular fate of endocytosed advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their influence on proteolytic systems. However, it is known that ...
Iwama Mizuki - - 2012
Here we quantified ascorbic acid (AA) levels in 14 tissues, plasma and urine of C57BL/6 male mice to track its turnover during 3 to 30 mo of aging. The AA content of adrenal glands and testes decreased somewhat with age, and eventually rose, but increased in the spleen, lungs, eyes ...
Iwama Mizuki - - 2012
Here we quantified the uric acid (UA) levels in 11 tissues and plasma of C57BL/6 male mice to track its turnover during 3 to 30 months of aging. UA levels in the adrenal glands, heart, and spleen increased with aging until 30 months of age. Similarly, UA levels in the ...
Lankadeva Yugeesh R - - 2012
Previously, we have shown that fetal uninephrectomy (uni-x) causes hypertension in female sheep by 2 years of age. Whilst the hypertension was not exacerbated by 5 years of age, these uni-x sheep had greater reductions in renal blood flow (RBF). To further explore these early indications of a decline in ...
Noh Soo Rim - - 2012
Although previous research has shown that positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) modulate attentional functioning in distinct ways, few studies have considered whether the links between affect and attentional functioning may vary as a function of age. Using the Attention Network Test (Fan et al., 2002), we tested whether ...
Jakubowska Anna - - 2011
Precocious puberty (PP) is defined as the appearance of symptoms of puberty in girls before 8 years of age and in boys under 9. Statistically, it occurs much more frequently in girls, while it is a rare pathology in boys. Over the period of 10 years, between 1999 and 2009, ...
Singh Gopal K - - 2011
This study examined trends in US obesity and overweight prevalence and body mass index (BMI) among 30 immigrant groups, stratified by race/ethnicity and length of immigration, and among detailed education, occupation, and income/poverty groups from 1976 to 2008. Using 1976-2008 National Health Interview Surveys, differentials in obesity, overweight, and BMI, ...
Lin Yi-Chin - - 2011
Osteoporosis is one of the most prevalent global health problems in the elderly. A nationwide representative sample of 1121 adult subjects, aged 19 years and older, were scanned by a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the third survey year of Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan 2005-2008. There was an apparent ...
Laurson Kelly R - - 2011
Many medical concerns associated with obesity are due to chronic inflammation, but factors underlying the development or maintenance of obesity-associated inflammation remain unclear. This study investigated how age, sex, and ethnicity may modify the interplay of subclinical inflammation and obesity in nationally representative contexts. Using National Health and Nutrition Examination ...
Cheong Siew Man - - 2010
Socio-economic status, lifestyle behaviors, and psychosocial factors have been implicated in the development of overweight and obesity. This study aims to observe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in an academic worksite and to examine the possible association between variables such as socio-economic characteristics, work factors, psychosocial factors, and weight ...
Hızlı Samil - - 2010
HızlıŞ, Özdemir O, Abacı A, Razi CH and Kabakuş N. Relation of subepicardial adipose tissue thickness and clinical and metabolic parameters in obese prepubertal children. Background: The measurement of subepicardial adipose tissue thickness (SATT) has been found to be related to insulin resistance (IR) in adults. Until now, the association ...
Belcher Britni R BR Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2010
To describe physical activity (PA) levels by race/ethnicity, age, gender, and weight status in a representative sample of US youth. Cross-sectional data from the 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were combined and analyzed. Youth aged 6-19 yr with at least four 10-h days of PA measured ...
Klimentidis Yann C - - 2011
A dramatic rise in obesity has occurred among humans within the last several decades. Little is known about whether similar increases in obesity have occurred in animals inhabiting human-influenced environments. We examined samples collectively consisting of over 20 000 animals from 24 populations (12 divided separately into males and females) ...
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