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Wang Amy Y AY Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, - - 2014
To investigate the epidemiology and outcomes of community-acquired meningitis in older adults. Retrospective study. Participants adults in Houston, Texas, with community-acquired meningitis hospitalized between January 1, 2005, and January 1, 2010 (N = 619; n = 54, 8.7%, aged ≥65; n = 565 aged <65). An adverse clinical outcome was defined as a Glasgow Outcome Scale ...
Harmon Kimberly G KG http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3670-6609 Departments of Family Medicine and Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2014
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading medical cause of death in athletes; however, the precise incidence is unknown. The objectives of this review were to examine studies on the rate of SCD in athletes, assess the methodological strengths and weaknesses used to arrive at estimates, compare studies in athletes ...
Gomes Tara T Institute for Clinical and Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, ON, Canada; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, Toronto, ON, Canada; Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
The burden of premature mortality due to opioid-related death has not been fully characterized. We calculated temporal trends in the proportion of deaths attributable to opioids and estimated years of potential life lost (YLL) due to opioid-related mortality in Ontario, Canada. Cross-sectional study. Ontario, Canada. Individuals who died of opioid-related ...
Dean M Christopher MC Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, UCL , London , UK - - 2014
Abstract Background: Being able to estimate the age at death of fossil hominins enables meaningful comparisons of both dental and general growth, past and present. Aim: The aim of this study was to use data for modern permanent canine formation derived from separate histological and radiographic studies to estimate the ...
Bártulos Iglesias M M Asociación de Esclerosis Múltiple de La Rioja, Logroño, La Rioja, España; Sección de Neurología, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Burgos, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease that causes severe disability in younger patients. Many epidemiology studies have confirmed a variable prevalence. The objective of this study was to analyse the prevalence of this disease in La Rioja (Spain), using such variables as age and sex; type of progression, initial form ...
Harmon Kimberly G KG http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3670-6609 Departments of Family Medicine and Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2014
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading medical cause of death in athletes; however, the precise incidence is unknown. The objectives of this review were to examine studies on the rate of SCD in athletes, assess the methodological strengths and weaknesses used to arrive at estimates, compare studies in athletes ...
Försti A-K AK Department of Dermatology, University of Oulu and Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital, - - 2014
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune blistering skin disease of elderly people. Some studies have suggested that the incidence of BP has increased, but the diagnostic accuracy and methodology of studies have varied considerably. To examine the incidence of BP in Northern Finland, and whether the incidence has changed over ...
Stefansson H H Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland; Department of Medicine, Landspitali - The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland; The Icelandic Cancer Registry, Reykjavik, - - 2014
The incidence of cutaneous melanoma increased dramatically in Iceland during the last two decades of the 20th century. The aim of this study was to investigate the trend in Breslow's tumour thickness during the years 1980-2009. The population-based Icelandic Cancer Registry provided information on all cutaneous melanomas diagnosed in the ...
Marin B B INSERM UMR1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Limoges, France; Université de Limoges, School of Medicine, Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology, CNRS FR 3503 GEIST, Limoges, France; CHU Limoges, Unité Fonctionnelle de Recherche Clinique et de Biostatistique, Limoges, - - 2014
The main objective of establishing the French register of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in the Limousin region (FRALim), was to assess the incidence of ALS, in this ageing region of Europe, over a 12-year period (2000-2011). Patients were included if they lived in Limousin at the time of diagnosis of ...
Park Sang Jun SJ Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of - - 2014
To define the incidence and demographics of clinically diagnosed central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) in Korea. Nationwide population-based retrospective study using data entered into the Korean national health claims database from 2007 to 2011. Data of the entire Korean population (N = 47 990 761, based on the 2010 census) were analyzed. We used ...
Blake John G - - 2014
Jaguars (Panthera onca) are the largest predator in lowland forests of Amazonia but there have been few studies on their occurrence and activity in such forests. Here, we used camera traps to document the occurrence and activity of jaguars within a local area (-650ha) of lowland forest of Eastern Ecuador, ...
Raghu Ganesh G University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Published data for the epidemiology of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in the USA are scarce. We sought to estimate the incidence, prevalence, and mortality risk of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis among US Medicare beneficiaries. We used administrative claims from a 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (aged 65 years and older) from ...
McCracken John P JP Center for Health Studies, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala City, - - 2014
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is an important cause of acute respiratory infections (ARI), but little is known about how it compares with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in Central America. In this study, we describe hospitalized cases of HMPV- and RSV-ARI in Guatemala. We conducted surveillance at three hospitals (November 2007-December 2012) ...
Masclee G M C GM Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Barrett's oesophagus (BO) is a risk factor for oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). Several studies report increasing incidences of BO with substantial variation. Aim of this study was to determine age- and sex-stratified incidence rates (IR) of BO and OAC. Cohort study using two primary care databases in the United Kingdom (UK) ...
Hogerzeil S J SJ Parnassia Psychiatric Institute, The Hague, The - - 2014
The incidence of schizophrenia is commonly estimated by screening for psychosis among subjects presenting to psychiatric services. This approach (using a first-contact sampling frame) cannot account for cases that did not meet criteria for schizophrenia at first contact. We compared the usual approach directly with a register-based approach (using a ...
Maeda Eri E Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to calculate and assess the cost of assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment cycles and live-birth events in Japan in 2010. We performed a retrospective analysis of 238 185 ART cycles, registered with the national registry of assisted reproductive treatment during 2010. Costs were calculated, using ...
Kesler A A Neuro-ophthalmology Unit, Department of Ophthalmology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also known as pseudotumor cerebri, is a disorder related to increased intracranial pressure without clinical, laboratory or radiological evidence of an intracranial space occupying lesion or cerebral sinus vein thrombosis, predominantly affecting obese women of childbearing age. Our aim was to determine the incidence and clinical ...
Saundankar Jelena J Children's Cardiac Centre, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
The current Australian epidemiology of Kawasaki disease (KD) is poorly defined. Previous enhanced surveillance (1993-1995) estimated an incidence of 3.7/100 000 <5 years. We identified all patients hospitalized in Western Australia (current population ∼2.4 million) 1979 through 2009 with a discharge diagnosis of KD. We reviewed demographic, clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic ...
Celikoglu Mevlut M a Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To test the null hypothesis that there were no significant differences for pharyngeal airway volumes between the adolescent patients affected by bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) and well-matched controls using cone beam computed tomography. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 16 patients (11 female and ...
Smith Margaret M University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
In China, the burden of chronic obstructive disease (COPD) is high in never-smokers but little is known about its causes in this group.We analysed data on 287 000 female and 30 000 male never-smokers aged 30-79 years from 10 regions in China, who participated in the China Kadoorie Biobank baseline ...
Katoh S S Department of Rehabilitation, Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima, - - 2014
Study design:Retrospective questionnaire-based epidemiological study.Background:Physicians treating acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in Japan noticed an increased occurrence of cervical SCI without skeletal injury.Objective:To elucidate the precise epidemiology of acute cervical SCI with the aim of planning a prevention program.Methods:Questionnaires were posted to all hospitals in Tokushima prefecture (around 780 000 ...
Reinhardt K K Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Medicine Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) clinical and incidence data have been reported for several countries but valid age dependent incidence data are not yet available. The true incidence of pediatric MS in Germany was estimated and the clinical characteristics at diagnosis according to the 2005 McDonald criteria are described. Between 2009 ...
Beckley Amber L AL Department of Criminology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, Swedish Prison and Probation Services, Research and Development Unit and Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Violent criminality is at least moderately heritable, but the mechanisms behind this remain largely unexplained. Height, a highly heritable trait, may be involved but no study has estimated the effect of height on crime while simultaneously accounting for important demographic, biological and other heritable confounders. We linked nationwide, longitudinal registers ...
Ho Chung-Han CH Department of Medical Research, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan Department of Hospital and Health Care Administration, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan, - - 2014
Anxiety disorders (ADs) are common after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the risk factors of new-onset ADs remain unclear. This study was aimed at evaluating the incidence and risk factors for new-onset ADs, including pre-existing hyperlipidaemia and three major comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiovascular disease), in patients with TBI. ...
Choudhury I W - - 2013
SettingBlackburn, Hyndburn and Ribble Valley Local Government areas of England and Wales, the former a high tuberculosis (TB) prevalence district. The incidence of tuberculosis in new entrants aged 16-34 with positive tuberculin skin tests but normal chest X-rays after initial entry is not definitely known, and was previously estimated from ...
Gómez-Doblas Juan José JJ Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Victoria, Málaga, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality and both its incidence and prevalence are high. Nevertheless, comprehensive data on this condition in Spain are lacking. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in Spain. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the general ...
Kim Hee Kyung - - 2013
The osseous morphology of the patellofemoral joint is an independent factor that affects the biomechanics of patellofemoral instability. The purpose of this study is to determine age- and gender-related differences in the osseous morphology of the patellofemoral joint in children during skeletal maturation. This study was approved by the institutional ...
Allman-Farinelli Margaret - - 2013
In the midst of an epidemic of obesity, epidemiologists are seeking to establish the relationship of body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) with mortality. In an accompanying article, Adams et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2013;000(00):000-000) used a subsample of the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort, ...
Thomas Elaine - - 2013
Objective. To determine population-based estimates for the prevalence of the person with OA, predicted to be the single greatest cause of disability in the general population by 2030, in order to inform the planning and commissioning of health, social care and prevention services.Methods. A postal survey to all adults ≥50 ...
Malihi Mehrdad M Department of Ophthalmology, Rochester, - - 2014
To determine the longitudinal trends in the probability of blindness due to open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1965 to 2009. Retrospective, population-based cohort study. All residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota (aged ≥40 years) who were diagnosed with OAG between January 1, 1965, and December 31, 2000. All available medical ...
Karstaedt Alan S AS Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. - - 2014
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) occurs in 15 - 20% of immunocompetent and 20 - 70% of HIV-infected patients with tuberculosis. There are few recent incidence data for EPTB. Adults (N=2 963) with culture-proven EPTB seen over 2 years at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, the main referral hospital serving Soweto, Johannesburg, ...
Yarkovsky Nicole - - 2013
The present study examined relations between attachment style, age at first sexual intercourse, and dating aggression (DA) victimization. In all, 137 heterosexual female undergraduate students 18 to 25 years of age (M = 20.76, SD = 1.87) completed an online questionnaire that included questions regarding sexual history, attachment style (Experiences ...
Caillet P - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The debate surrounding recommendations for vitamin D supplementation in middle-aged patients (that is, 20-60 years of age) with low serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) is growing. Our aim was to describe practices regarding vitamin D supplementation in this age group, which are basically unknown.SUBJECTS/METHODS:We performed an analysis using exhaustive ...
Mehrdad R - - 2013
Occupational accidents are one of the major health hazards in industries and associated with high mortality, morbidity, spiritual damage and economic losses in the world. To determine the incidence of occupational accidents in 9 Iranian gas refineries between March 2007 and February 2011. Data on all occupational accidents occurred between ...
Meneghesso C - - 2013
This study investigated demographic structure and reproductive characteristics of the Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus, in relation to landing trends in the northern-central Adriatic Sea. Results highlighted the occurrence of only small-sized and young-age individuals, and a marked decline from the 1990s to the present in maximum age (from 8 to ...
Lazzeri Giacomo - - 2013
To describe the prevalence of 'graded thinness' in children aged 11, 13 and 15 years in eleven developed countries and to identify trends in the prevalence of 'thinness' (BMI < 17 kg/m2 at age 18 years) by age and gender. Cross-sectional study using data collected through self-reported questionnaires. Data were ...
Chen Y - - 2013
It is important to have an estimate of the incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) because of the expansion of vaccination programs and the associated risks of vaccine-related GBS. Incidence information in Asia, especially in China, is scarce. This study attempts to describe GBS incidence in large Chinese populations located in ...
Windfuhr Kirsten - - 2013
To investigate the impact of narrative verdicts on suicide statistics among 10-19-year-olds; to identify the number and rate of suicide and accidental deaths, particularly in 10-14-year-olds. National cohort study. England and Wales. Mid-year population estimates from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) were used to calculate rates per 100 000 ...
Homayounfar Gelareh G F.I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2013
To ascertain the incidence of scleritis and episcleritis in a Hawaiian population and describe variations by age, sex, and race. Retrospective, population-based cohort study. All electronic medical records for enrollees in Kaiser Permanente Hawaii (n = 217,061) from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2007 were searched for International Classification ...
Wallingford S C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Melanoma incidence often shows an increasing latitudinal gradient from north to south among white European populations. OBJECTIVE: To assess emerging regional melanoma incidence patterns in the English population. METHODS: All primary invasive cutaneous melanomas diagnosed in England in people aged 10-89 years, 1996-2006, were ascertained. Age-standardized incidence rates by sex, age and ...
Santosa Frans - - 2013
A decrease in rate of amputation has been reported from many countries. This study aims to study the trends in amputation rates in Germany. On the basis of DRG-system, detailed lists of all amputations coded as minor amputations (OPS 5-864) and major amputations (OPS 5-865) performed between 2005 and 2010 ...
Butler I R T IR Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. - - 2013
Congenital hearing loss affects 3 - 6/1 000 children worldwide. The benefits of early identification of hearing loss and early intervention have been clearly established. There are no previous studies reporting on the age of diagnosis of congenital hearing loss in the Free State province. To determine the age of ...
Shiraev Timothy P - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we investigated patterns of morbidity and mortality from PE in Australia. MATERIALS & METHODS: Australian government databases were used to extract data on age and sex specific rates of mortality between 1997 and 2007, and ...
Meehan William P WP 3rd Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, MA, USA. - - 2013
To assess the association between bicycle helmet legislation and bicycle-related deaths sustained by children involved in bicycle-motor vehicle collisions. We conducted a cross-sectional study of all bicyclists aged 0-16 years included in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System who died between January 1999 and December 2010. We compared fatality rates in ...
Arendrup M C - - 2013
Significant changes in the management of fungaemia have occurred over the last decade with increased use of fluconazole prophylaxis, of empirical treatment and of echinocandins as first-line agents for documented disease. These changes may impact the epidemiology of fungaemia. We present nationwide data for Denmark from 2010 to 2011. A ...
Pinchinat Sybil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and mainly affects individuals aged >=50 years. The forthcoming European launch of a vaccine against HZ (Zostavax(R)) prompts the need for a better understanding of the epidemiology of HZ in Europe. Therefore the aim of this systematic ...
Whiting K J - - 2013
In a cross-sectional study, data from records of cattle slaughtered over a 1-year period at a large abattoir in South West England were analysed using an ordered category response model to investigate the inter-relationships between age, sex and breed on development of the permanent anterior (PA) teeth. Using the model, ...
Ohlmeier Christoph - - 2013
AIMS: Data on the epidemiology of atrial fibrillation (AF) and its antithrombotic management in elderly populations are scarce. The aims of this study were to estimate the incidence and prevalence of AF in the elderly in Germany and to describe antithrombotic management of AF cases.METHODS AND RESULTS: Estimation of prevalence ...
Wintemute Garen J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Firearms may be obtained illegally from federally-licensed dealers and pawnbrokers through surrogate (straw) purchases, undocumented purchases and theft. Some retailers knowingly make illegal sales. OBJECTIVE: To obtain information about the frequency of and risk factors for these events, and retailers' reactions to them, directly from licensed retailers. METHODS: Survey ...
Chapman K E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Some communicable diseases disproportionately affect poor and vulnerable groups. Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality; however, the relationship between IPD and deprivation has not been well described. METHODS: Population based study assessing the relationship between incidence of IPD and deprivation in the North ...
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