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Maeda Eri E Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to calculate and assess the cost of assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment cycles and live-birth events in Japan in 2010. We performed a retrospective analysis of 238 185 ART cycles, registered with the national registry of assisted reproductive treatment during 2010. Costs were calculated, using ...
Kesler A A Neuro-ophthalmology Unit, Department of Ophthalmology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also known as pseudotumor cerebri, is a disorder related to increased intracranial pressure without clinical, laboratory or radiological evidence of an intracranial space occupying lesion or cerebral sinus vein thrombosis, predominantly affecting obese women of childbearing age. Our aim was to determine the incidence and clinical ...
Saundankar Jelena J Children's Cardiac Centre, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
The current Australian epidemiology of Kawasaki disease (KD) is poorly defined. Previous enhanced surveillance (1993-1995) estimated an incidence of 3.7/100 000 <5 years. We identified all patients hospitalized in Western Australia (current population ∼2.4 million) 1979 through 2009 with a discharge diagnosis of KD. We reviewed demographic, clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic ...
Celikoglu Mevlut M a Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To test the null hypothesis that there were no significant differences for pharyngeal airway volumes between the adolescent patients affected by bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) and well-matched controls using cone beam computed tomography. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 16 patients (11 female and ...
Smith Margaret M University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
In China, the burden of chronic obstructive disease (COPD) is high in never-smokers but little is known about its causes in this group.We analysed data on 287 000 female and 30 000 male never-smokers aged 30-79 years from 10 regions in China, who participated in the China Kadoorie Biobank baseline ...
Katoh S S Department of Rehabilitation, Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima, - - 2014
Study design:Retrospective questionnaire-based epidemiological study.Background:Physicians treating acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in Japan noticed an increased occurrence of cervical SCI without skeletal injury.Objective:To elucidate the precise epidemiology of acute cervical SCI with the aim of planning a prevention program.Methods:Questionnaires were posted to all hospitals in Tokushima prefecture (around 780 000 ...
Reinhardt K K Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Medicine Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) clinical and incidence data have been reported for several countries but valid age dependent incidence data are not yet available. The true incidence of pediatric MS in Germany was estimated and the clinical characteristics at diagnosis according to the 2005 McDonald criteria are described. Between 2009 ...
Beckley Amber L AL Department of Criminology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, Swedish Prison and Probation Services, Research and Development Unit and Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Violent criminality is at least moderately heritable, but the mechanisms behind this remain largely unexplained. Height, a highly heritable trait, may be involved but no study has estimated the effect of height on crime while simultaneously accounting for important demographic, biological and other heritable confounders. We linked nationwide, longitudinal registers ...
Choudhury I W - - 2013
SettingBlackburn, Hyndburn and Ribble Valley Local Government areas of England and Wales, the former a high tuberculosis (TB) prevalence district. The incidence of tuberculosis in new entrants aged 16-34 with positive tuberculin skin tests but normal chest X-rays after initial entry is not definitely known, and was previously estimated from ...
Gómez-Doblas Juan José - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality and both its incidence and prevalence are high. Nevertheless, comprehensive data on this condition in Spain are lacking. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in Spain. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the general ...
Kim Hee Kyung - - 2013
The osseous morphology of the patellofemoral joint is an independent factor that affects the biomechanics of patellofemoral instability. The purpose of this study is to determine age- and gender-related differences in the osseous morphology of the patellofemoral joint in children during skeletal maturation. This study was approved by the institutional ...
Allman-Farinelli Margaret - - 2013
In the midst of an epidemic of obesity, epidemiologists are seeking to establish the relationship of body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) with mortality. In an accompanying article, Adams et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2013;000(00):000-000) used a subsample of the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort, ...
Thomas Elaine - - 2013
Objective. To determine population-based estimates for the prevalence of the person with OA, predicted to be the single greatest cause of disability in the general population by 2030, in order to inform the planning and commissioning of health, social care and prevention services.Methods. A postal survey to all adults ≥50 ...
Karstaedt Alan S AS Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. - - 2014
Background. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) occurs in 15 - 20% of immunocompetent and 20 - 70% of HIV-infected patients with tuberculosis. There are few recent incidence data for EPTB.Methods. Adults (N=2 963) with culture-proven EPTB seen over 2 years at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, the main referral hospital serving Soweto, ...
Yarkovsky Nicole - - 2013
The present study examined relations between attachment style, age at first sexual intercourse, and dating aggression (DA) victimization. In all, 137 heterosexual female undergraduate students 18 to 25 years of age (M = 20.76, SD = 1.87) completed an online questionnaire that included questions regarding sexual history, attachment style (Experiences ...
Caillet P - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The debate surrounding recommendations for vitamin D supplementation in middle-aged patients (that is, 20-60 years of age) with low serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) is growing. Our aim was to describe practices regarding vitamin D supplementation in this age group, which are basically unknown.SUBJECTS/METHODS:We performed an analysis using exhaustive ...
Mehrdad R - - 2013
Occupational accidents are one of the major health hazards in industries and associated with high mortality, morbidity, spiritual damage and economic losses in the world. To determine the incidence of occupational accidents in 9 Iranian gas refineries between March 2007 and February 2011. Data on all occupational accidents occurred between ...
Meneghesso C - - 2013
This study investigated demographic structure and reproductive characteristics of the Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus, in relation to landing trends in the northern-central Adriatic Sea. Results highlighted the occurrence of only small-sized and young-age individuals, and a marked decline from the 1990s to the present in maximum age (from 8 to ...
Lazzeri Giacomo - - 2013
To describe the prevalence of 'graded thinness' in children aged 11, 13 and 15 years in eleven developed countries and to identify trends in the prevalence of 'thinness' (BMI < 17 kg/m2 at age 18 years) by age and gender. Cross-sectional study using data collected through self-reported questionnaires. Data were ...
Chen Y - - 2013
It is important to have an estimate of the incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) because of the expansion of vaccination programs and the associated risks of vaccine-related GBS. Incidence information in Asia, especially in China, is scarce. This study attempts to describe GBS incidence in large Chinese populations located in ...
Windfuhr Kirsten - - 2013
To investigate the impact of narrative verdicts on suicide statistics among 10-19-year-olds; to identify the number and rate of suicide and accidental deaths, particularly in 10-14-year-olds. National cohort study. England and Wales. Mid-year population estimates from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) were used to calculate rates per 100 000 ...
Homayounfar Gelareh G F.I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2013
To ascertain the incidence of scleritis and episcleritis in a Hawaiian population and describe variations by age, sex, and race. Retrospective, population-based cohort study. All electronic medical records for enrollees in Kaiser Permanente Hawaii (n = 217,061) from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2007 were searched for International Classification ...
Wallingford S C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Melanoma incidence often shows an increasing latitudinal gradient from north to south among white European populations. OBJECTIVE: To assess emerging regional melanoma incidence patterns in the English population. METHODS: All primary invasive cutaneous melanomas diagnosed in England in people aged 10-89 years, 1996-2006, were ascertained. Age-standardized incidence rates by sex, age and ...
Santosa Frans - - 2013
A decrease in rate of amputation has been reported from many countries. This study aims to study the trends in amputation rates in Germany. On the basis of DRG-system, detailed lists of all amputations coded as minor amputations (OPS 5-864) and major amputations (OPS 5-865) performed between 2005 and 2010 ...
Butler I R T IR Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. - - 2013
Congenital hearing loss affects 3 - 6/1 000 children worldwide. The benefits of early identification of hearing loss and early intervention have been clearly established. There are no previous studies reporting on the age of diagnosis of congenital hearing loss in the Free State province. To determine the age of ...
Shiraev Timothy P - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we investigated patterns of morbidity and mortality from PE in Australia. MATERIALS & METHODS: Australian government databases were used to extract data on age and sex specific rates of mortality between 1997 and 2007, and ...
Meehan William P WP - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between bicycle helmet legislation and bicycle-related deaths sustained by children involved in bicycle-motor vehicle collisions. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study of all bicyclists aged 0-16 years included in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System who died between January 1999 and December 2010. We compared ...
Arendrup M C - - 2013
Significant changes in the management of fungaemia have occurred over the last decade with increased use of fluconazole prophylaxis, of empirical treatment and of echinocandins as first-line agents for documented disease. These changes may impact the epidemiology of fungaemia. We present nationwide data for Denmark from 2010 to 2011. A ...
Pinchinat Sybil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and mainly affects individuals aged >=50 years. The forthcoming European launch of a vaccine against HZ (Zostavax(R)) prompts the need for a better understanding of the epidemiology of HZ in Europe. Therefore the aim of this systematic ...
Whiting K J - - 2013
In a cross-sectional study, data from records of cattle slaughtered over a 1-year period at a large abattoir in South West England were analysed using an ordered category response model to investigate the inter-relationships between age, sex and breed on development of the permanent anterior (PA) teeth. Using the model, ...
Ohlmeier Christoph - - 2013
AIMS: Data on the epidemiology of atrial fibrillation (AF) and its antithrombotic management in elderly populations are scarce. The aims of this study were to estimate the incidence and prevalence of AF in the elderly in Germany and to describe antithrombotic management of AF cases.METHODS AND RESULTS: Estimation of prevalence ...
Wintemute Garen J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Firearms may be obtained illegally from federally-licensed dealers and pawnbrokers through surrogate (straw) purchases, undocumented purchases and theft. Some retailers knowingly make illegal sales. OBJECTIVE: To obtain information about the frequency of and risk factors for these events, and retailers' reactions to them, directly from licensed retailers. METHODS: Survey ...
Chapman K E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Some communicable diseases disproportionately affect poor and vulnerable groups. Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality; however, the relationship between IPD and deprivation has not been well described. METHODS: Population based study assessing the relationship between incidence of IPD and deprivation in the North ...
Daito Hisayoshi H Kesennuma City Hospital, , Kesennuma, - - 2013
On 11 March 2011, the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami struck off the coast of northeastern Japan. Within 3 weeks, an increased number of pneumonia admissions and deaths occurred in local hospitals. A multicentre survey was conducted at three hospitals in Kesennuma City (population 74 000), northern Miyagi Prefecture. All adults ...
Gao Jing - - 2013
To investigate the incidence rate of primary liver cancer (PLC) in China in recent decades. Cancer registration data from 1988 to 2005 were used to analyze the incidence trends of PLC in 11 cities and counties in China. We estimated crude, age-specific, and age-standardized incidence rates of PLC. We also ...
Velayutham Kanayairam - - 2013
To investigate the larvicidal activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) utilizing aqueous bark extract of Ficus racemosa (F. racemosa) was tested against fourth instar larvae of filariasis vector, Culex quinquefasciatus (Cx. quinquefasciatus) and japanese encephalitis vectors, Culex gelidus (Cx. gelidus). The synthesized Ag NPs was characterized by UV-vis spectrum, ...
Li Yan Hong - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study age and educational level and their relationship with fall-related injuries in Shanghai and to analyze the relevant costs. METHODS: Multistage cluster sampling was used for the selection of participants and standardized questionnaires were used for the information collection in 2006. Information on cases and deaths caused by ...
Dimaggio Charles C Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology, 622 West 168 St, Room PH5-531, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2013
In 2005, the US Congress allocated $612 million for a national Safe Routes to School (SRTS) program to encourage walking and bicycling to schools. We analyzed motor vehicle crash data to assess the effectiveness of SRTS interventions in reducing school-aged pedestrian injury in New York City. Using geocoded motor vehicle ...
Ignasiak Zofia - - 2013
Physical activity is considered to be one of the most important determinants of human health. Many authors emphasize the benefits of physical activity for elderly people--its positive influence on the functioning of many organs and systems, development of greater mobility, slowdown of the involution processes, and counteracting the effects of ...
Iida Hiroshi - - 2013
We estimated the prevalence and incidence of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) in Japan, investigated the patterns of hospital visits among those with CIPO, and examined present knowledge of CIPO among medical professionals. A self-administered questionnaire survey was distributed to targeted hospitals throughout Japan, which were selected using stratified random sampling. ...
Briggs Adam D M AD British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, - - 2013
To model the overall and income specific effect of a 20% tax on sugar sweetened drinks on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the UK. Econometric and comparative risk assessment modelling study. United Kingdom. Adults aged 16 and over. A 20% tax on sugar sweetened drinks. The primary outcomes ...
Van de Put Mathijs A J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and characteristics of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in The Netherlands in 2009. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: All patients with RRD in the Dutch population in 2009. METHODS: By reviewing surgical logs, cases of primary RRD repair in 2009 were identified. Exclusion criteria included ...
Borkar Durga S DS F. I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, - - 2013
To provide a population-based estimate of the incidence of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) with comparisons across racial, sex, and age groups, as well as to estimate the frequency of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Retrospective, population-based cohort study. All patients enrolled in the Kaiser Permanente Hawaii health plan during the study period ...
Thapar A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to model the cost-effectiveness of carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic stenosis versus medical therapy based on 10-year data from the Asymptomatic Carotid Surgery Trial (ACST). METHODS: This was a cost-utility analysis based on clinical effectiveness data from the ACST with UK-specific costs and stroke ...
Feigin Valery L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of long-term disability in children and young adults worldwide. However, accurate information about its incidence does not exist. We aimed to estimate the burden of TBI in rural and urban populations in New Zealand across all ages and TBI severities. METHODS: ...
Geirsdottir Asbjorg - - 2012
Purpose:  To determine the incidence rate as well as causative diagnoses and surgical indications of enucleation in Iceland during the years 1992-2004. Methods:  A retrospective population-based incidence study involving the entire population of Iceland. Medical records of all patients who underwent enucleation in Iceland from January 1992 through December 2004 ...
Pramanik Rashida - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The UK Biobank (UKB) is a national epidemiological study of the health of 500 000 people, aged 40-69 years, who completed health-related tests and a questionnaire and gave samples of blood and urine. Salivas collected from 120 000 of these subjects were transported at 4°C and were placed in ...
Marín-León Letícia - - 2012
To describe suicide rates by county size in the five geopolitical areas of Brazil. This was an ecological, descriptive study of suicide deaths in Brazil that occurred among the population 10 years of age and older in 2004-2010. Data were obtained from the National Mortality Information System of Brazil. Counties ...
López-Campos J L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality rates in Andalusia, Spain, between 1975 and 2010 using a joinpoint regression analysis.DESIGN: Mortality figures for Andalusian residents aged >40 years from 1975 to 2010 were obtained from the National Institute of Statistics. Causes of death were classified based on the ...
Deng Quan - - 2012
Nanostructured Ag nanoparticles (Ag-NPs)/nanoporous ZnO micron-rods (n-ZnO MRs) have been synthesized by a two-step method. The n-ZnO MRs was initially prepared by solvothermal-assisted heat treatment. The rods had the diameter ranged from 90 to 150 nm and length between 0.5 to 3 μm. They were found to be porous and ...
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