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Klapman M H MH Southern California Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Dermatology Department, Vascular Laser Service, 1515 N Vermont Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Port wine stains in the malar area of the face can develop thickening in early adult life. We began a study with a hypothesis that this thickening can be associated with elevation of low density lipoprotein. In a retrospective review, we divided 53 subjects with malar port wine stains into ...
Hoo Z H ZH Adult Cystic Fibrosis Unit, CF Office, Brearley Outpatient, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield S5 7AU, United Kingdom; School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The widespread availability of genetic testing allowing the identification of "milder" individuals with CF coincided with improvements in CF life expectancy but the relative contribution of case mix to that improved survival is uncertain. Patients in the UK CF registry were divided into 'mild phenotype' defined as pancreatic sufficient and ...
Singhi Aatur D AD Departments of *Pathology †Surgery ‡Medicine §Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Hereditary pancreatitis is an autosomal dominant disorder with 80% penetrance and variable expressivity. The vast majority of cases have been linked to mutations within the cationic trypsinogen gene, also referred to as serine protease 1 (PRSS1). Other than inheritance, PRSS1 pancreatitis has been considered clinically and pathologically indistinguishable from other ...
Mensel Birger B 1 Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medicine Greifswald, Ferdinand-Sauerbruch-Straße, D-17475 Greifswald, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to investigate secretin-stimulated MRCP in terms of the safety of secretin, improvement of duct visualization, and assessment of pancreatic exocrine function. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Eight hundred sixteen volunteers (370 women and 446 men; mean age, 49.7 ± 13.1 [SD] years) underwent 3D MRCP ...
Janssen J - - 2013
Purpose: Endosonographic elastography has been introduced as a method of estimating the stiffness of pancreatic tumors. This prospective single-center study was conducted to evaluate changes in the stiffness of the pancreas related to age and diffuse chronic pancreatitis. Patients and Methods: 46 individuals each up to age 60 (group 1) ...
Roelfsema Ferdinand - - 2013
Context.Studies of the influence of sex, age and body weight on TSH secretion are not unanimous. Most reports are based on a single TSH measurement and studies using frequent blood sampling are scarce and used limited number of selected subjects.Objective.The goal was to investigate TSH dynamics in 117 healthy adults.Methods.TSH ...
Ryden Mikael - - 2013
ABSTRACT Human obesity is associated with decreased triglyceride turnover and impaired lipolysis in adipocytes. We determined if such defects also occur in subjects with only moderate increase in fat mass. Human abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue was investigated in healthy nonobese subjects (BMI >17 to 30 kg/m2). Triglyceride age, reflecting lipid ...
Ma C - - 2013
To investigate and characterize the effect of age on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in the normal adult pancreas using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI). Five hundred and fifty-nine adult patients without pancreatic disease, ranging from 20-81 years of age (mean 50.9 years; 436 men, 123 women), were included in ...
Morgan Wayne J WJ Department of Pediatrics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine whether the association between high forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and increased rate of decline in FEV1 in children with cystic fibrosis could be due to less frequent intervention after acute declines (sudden decline events) in FEV1. Patients with cystic fibrosis aged 6-17 years enrolled in ...
Limketkai Berkeley N - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been shown to be overall effective and safe in children, but its performance characteristics and safety profile have not been specifically evaluated according to age. We aim to compare the indications, findings, interventions, and safety outcomes of ERCP across pediatric age ...
Zhang Zhumin Z Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that pubertal peak height velocity (PHV) in cystic fibrosis (CF) has improved and is influenced by prepubertal growth and genetic potential. PHV from 1862 children born in 1984-87 and documented in the 1986-2008 US CF Foundation Registry was determined by statistical modeling and classified into normal, ...
Imaoka Masako - - 2013
The mechanism of spontaneous islet fibrosis in Sprague-Dawley rats was investigated. Using sections of the pancreas in naive males aged 26 to 102 weeks old and 26-week-old males injected with β-estradiol 3-benzoate (EB), the incidence of lesions and histological scores of fibrosis were examined in conjunction with immunohistochemistry for α-smooth ...
Stimac Davor - - 2013
Introduction. Several European studies have reported an increase in the incidence rate of acute pancreatitis (AP). Therefore, we studied the incidence rate of AP in the North Adriatic Region in Croatia, as well as epidemiological analysis concerning etiology, age, gender, and severity of disease. Methods. We analyzed 922 patients with ...
Wang Shuang - - 2013
Purpose: Autophagy induces pancreatic β cell death. The purpose of the present study was to examine the hypothesis that the extent of pancreatic autophagy is associated with aging and age-related diabetes. Methods: Pancreatic tissue and blood samples were collected from Sprague Dawley rats receiving a normal diet at 2 (the ...
Frayn Keith - - 2012
Inappropriate storage of fatty acids as triglycerides in adipocytes and their removal from adipocytes through lipolysis and subsequent oxidation may cause the atherogenic dyslipidemia phenotype of elevated apolipoprotein B levels and subsequent hypertriglyceridemia. We tested whether turnover of triglycerides in fat cells was related to dyslipidemia. The age of triglycerides ...
Vieni Giuseppe - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Some studies have shown a direct relationship between nutritional status and survival in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients. Body wasting, defined as a percentage of the ideal body weight for age, has been shown to be an independent predictor of mortality in CF. With respect to height only ...
Zimbelman James R - - 2012
The Medusae Fossae Formation (MFF) on Mars is an intensely eroded deposit north of the cratered highlands. It is widely thought that MFF materials were emplaced through ignimbrite eruptions. Recent geologic mapping of western MFF identified outliers of MFF materials well beyond the previously mapped western extent for the deposit, ...
Ruiz Lopez Maria Jose - - 2012
Abstract The reproductive strategies and variation in reproductive success of ticks are poorly understood. We determined variation in multiple paternity in the American dog tick Dermancentor variabilis. In total, 48 blood-engorged female ticks and 22 male companion ticks were collected from 13 raccoon (Procyon lotor) hosts. In the laboratory, 60.4% ...
Theis Anya - - 2012
Color and pigmentation patterns of animals are often targets of sexual selection because of their role in communication. Although conspicuous male traits are typically implicated with intersexual selection, there are examples where sex-specific displays play a role in an intrasexual context, e.g. when they serve as signals for aggression level ...
Perinotto W M S - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro effect of the entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae sensu lato (s.l.) and Beauveria bassiana sensu lato (s.l.) on two distinct populations of Rhipicephalus microplus, from two different experimental farms. Bioassays were performed with engorged females, eggs and larvae. Fungal infection was evaluated based ...
Feng Lei - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Elevated homocysteine has emerged as a risk factor for cognitive impairment even in healthy elderly persons. Reduced brain volume and white matter hyperintensities also occur in healthy elderly as well, but the interrelationships between these have not been well studied. We report these interrelationships in non demented, relatively healthy, ...
Kim Sung Nyun - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: White matter abnormalities in the corpus callosum (CC) of schizophrenia have been reported to predate the illness onset. This study aimed to investigate the effect of genetic predisposition on the white matter integrity of the CC, in subjects at genetically high risk for schizophrenia (GHR) and schizophrenia patients. METHOD: ...
Wang Haijun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM) is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) subtype. Little is known about the incidence and trends for this disease in the United States. METHODS: Twenty-year data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program were used for this study. SEER*Stat was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of ...
Karatas Ayla - - 2011
In this study, the effects of a porphyrazine derivative, [octakis (2-trimethylammoniumethyl thio) porphyrazinatocobalt] octaiodide (CoPzq), were explored on the developmental characteristics, sex ratio and egg fertility of Drosophila melanogaster. CoPzq was preferred in the study due to its probability to be used as a chemotherapeutic agent in medicine. As a ...
Grad Yonatan H - - 2012
Helicobacter pylori seroprevalence levels in US adults participating in the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2000) increased with age in all racial/ethnic groups, with significantly higher age-standardized levels in Mexican Americans (64.0%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 58.8, 69.2) and non-Hispanic blacks (52.0%, 95% CI: 48.3, 55.7) compared with ...
Muthenna P - - 2011
Non-enzymatic glycation is a complex series of reactions between reducing sugars and amino groups of proteins. Accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) due to non-enzymatic glycation has been related to several diseases associated with aging and diabetes. Formation of AGE is accelerated in hyperglycemic conditions, which alters structure and function ...
Merriman Julie A - - 2011
Human eggs are highly aneuploid, with female age being the only known risk factor. Here this aging phenomenon was further studied in Swiss CD1 mice aged between 1 and 15 mo. The numbers of eggs recovered from mice following superovulation peaked at 22.5 ± 3.8 (mean ± SEM) eggs/oviduct in ...
Onbasilar E E - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine the effect of hen production cycle (HPC) and the effect of egg weight (EW) at the same egg production level on egg quality, egg composition, hatchability, duckling quality, and first-week BW in Pekin ducks. For HPC, hatching eggs were obtained from different Pekin-duck breeder ...
Nangsuay A - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of breeder age and egg size on yolk absorption and embryo development, a total of 4,800 Ross 308 hatching eggs were subjected to 4 treatments arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial randomized complete block design using 2 breeder ages (29 and 53 wk of age, ...
Skinner Martie L - - 2011
The concept of allostasis suggests that greater cumulative stress burden can influence stress-responsive physiology. Dysregulation of allostatic mediators, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, is thought to precede many other signs of age-related pathology as the persistent burden of stressors accumulates over the individual's life span. We predicted that even in ...
Nuru-Jeter Amani M - - 2011
We examined black-white differences in activities of daily living (ADLs), functional limitations (FLs), vision/hearing/sensory impairment, and memory/learning problems in a large, nationally representative sample of community-dwelling and institutionalized people across the lifespan. Data are from the 2006 American Community Survey (n=2,288,800). We included data on non-Hispanic black respondents (125,985 males ...
Asvat Riaze - - 2011
  The present study investigates the frequency of bifidity/nonbifidity in the black and white South African populations. Four-hundred skeletons of known race, sex, and tribal group were examined. Spinous processes were classified as bifid (bifurcate and cleft subtypes) and nonbifid (obtuse, pediculate, acinate, and clavate subtypes). Statistical analysis using the ...
Carson Scott Alan - - 2011
SummaryThis paper demonstrates that although modern BMIs in the US have increased, 19th century BMIs in Philadelphia were lower than elsewhere within Pennsylvania, indicating that urbanization and agricultural commercialization were associated with lower BMIs. After controlling for stature, blacks consistently had greater BMI values than mulattos and whites; therefore, there ...
Roldán Ana - - 2012
Biological aging is a key step in the production of Sherry wine classified as "fine". During this stage, a film of yeast referred to as "flor velum" covers the surface of the wine and substantially alters its characteristics. Other microorganisms may coexist with flor yeasts, such as lactic acid bacteria ...
Fox C W - - 2011
Inbreeding generally reduces male mating activity such that inbred males are less successful in male-male competition. Inbred males can also have smaller accessory glands, transfer less sperm and produce sperm that are less motile, less viable or have a greater frequency of abnormalities, all of which can reduce the fertilization ...
Segers Francisca H I D - - 2012
When females anticipate a hazardous environment for their offspring, they can increase offspring survival by producing larger young. Early environmental experience determines egg size in different animal taxa. We predicted that a higher perceived predation risk by juveniles would cause an increase in the sizes of eggs that they produce ...
Savegnago R P - - 2011
The objectives of this paper were to identify the phenotypic egg-laying patterns in a White Leghorn line mainly selected for egg production, to estimate genetic parameters of traits related to egg production and to evaluate the genetic association between these by principal components analysis to identify trait(s) that could be ...
Wolc A - - 2011
1. Genetic parameters for mean and for environmental variation in egg weight, body weight, age at first egg, and egg production were estimated in eight layer lines. The data were recorded from years 1999-2007, with on average of 6500 birds per line. 2. An iterative mean-variance REML method was applied ...
Akiyama Shigeharu - - 2011
The mating season of Japanese newt Cynops pyrrhogaster is generally thought to occur once a year in spring to early summer, during the months of April to June, as in many other Japanese amphibians. However, in fall, from September to October, we often observed breeding colored males demonstrating a mating ...
te Marvelde Luc - - 2012
In many bird populations, variation in the timing of reproduction exists but it is not obvious how this variation is maintained as timing has substantial fitness consequences. Daily energy expenditure (DEE) during the egg laying period increases with decreasing temperatures and thus perhaps only females that can produce eggs at ...
Reed Julian A - - 2011
The Building Healthy Communities (BHC) initiative addresses inadequate physical activity in Michigan using a population-based approach to prevent chronic disease. Eighteen local health departments through 2010 received $1,505,179 to plan and implement community-based interventions to increase physical activity among low-income and minority populations. This paper examines park user demographics, compares ...
Gillum Richard F - - 2011
To test the hypothesis that the geographic pattern of mortality with dementia coded on the death certificate varies according to race and that racial differences vary according to geography in the United States. Analysis of the U.S. multiple-cause-of-death files for 1999 to 2004. United States. Decedents with dementia coded as ...
Villano J L - - 2011
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare subtype of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma that accounts for ~4% of newly diagnosed central nervous system (CNS) tumours. The objective of this study was to analyse the epidemiology, incidence, and outcome of these rare tumours. Primary brain and CNS lymphoma cases were ...
Dantas-Torres Filipe - - 2011
The brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus is one of the most important tick species in both veterinary and human medicine. Studies on the biology of this tick are pivotal in order to develop improved control strategies. The brown dog tick is a gregarious species, tending to form large clusters in ...
Finlay Andrea K - - 2012
Although there are significant differences in prevalence of substance use between African-American and White adolescents, few studies have examined racial differences in developmental patterns of substance use, especially during the important developmental transition from adolescence to young adulthood. This study examines racial differences in trajectories of heavy drinking and regular ...
Crespo Rocio - - 2011
Lameness and mortality of 0.55% to 1.00% per week occurred in 32-to-33-wk-old broiler breeder hens in a complex involving eight houses. Males were not affected. Laboratory evaluation of 19 birds, over 2 wk, revealed complete rupture or partial tear, primarily of the gastrocnemius tendon; the fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, and ...
Kaczynski Andrew T - - 2011
Parks are important settings for physical activity (PA), but few studies have documented the actual behaviors of park users. The purpose of this study was to examine the individual and joint effects of various park user demographic characteristics on observed PA intensity levels. Four parks were observed using the System ...
Van Impe Annouchka - - 2011
Aging is characterized by brain structural changes that may compromise motor functions. In the context of postural control, white matter integrity is crucial for the efficient transfer of visual, proprioceptive and vestibular feedback in the brain. To determine the role of age-related white matter decline as a function of the ...
Mashilipa Changwe - - 2011
Abstract Diabetes-induced hyperglycemia increases formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and metal-catalyzed production of free radicals. This study compared the antioxidant capacities of dark and light soy sauces of different brands and investigated their abilities to inhibit AGEs and whether their mechanism of action was pre- or post-Amadori or ...
Richards G J - - 2011
Free-range laying hens are able to move between the indoor house and range through exits termed pop holes. The aim of this study was to examine the proportion of the flock that used the pop holes and to identify patterns of movement throughout the flock cycle. Four flocks of free-range ...
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