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Knox Jeffrey B JB *Tripler Army Medical Center, Orthopedic Surgery Service, Honolulu, HI †Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Childrens Medical Center ‡Department of Orthopedics, Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children and Children's Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
The immature spine has anatomic and biomechanical properties that differ from the adult spine and result in unique characteristics of pediatric spinal trauma. Although distinct patterns of spinal injury have been identified in children younger than 10 years of age, little research has explored the differing characteristics of spinal trauma ...
Symons Frank J FJ Department of Educational Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
The aim of this preliminary case study series was to investigate epidermal innervation in pediatric patients with significant neurological impairment and self-injurious behavior. We enrolled four pediatric patients with self-injury (two males, two females; mean age 12y, range 9-14y) and used archival specimens from healthy, age-matched children with typical development ...
Roskosky Mellisa M From the Athens Orthopedic Clinic (M.R., M.S.S.), Athens, Georgia; The Geneva Foundation (M.R., G.R.), Tacoma, Washington; Emory School of Medicine (W.R.), Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Medical Center (B.Z.), Atlanta, Georgia; and Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (B.F.), Landstuhl, - - 2014
Acute compartment syndrome is a rare but serious consequence of traumatic leg injury. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is able to measure oxygenation to a depth of 2 cm to 3 cm below the skin, raising concerns over the ability of NIRS to accurately determine oxygenation of injured leg compartments in the ...
Pivonka-Jones J - - 2014
The study explored the neurocognitive profiles of pediatric patients with moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) at 3 (Time-1) and 12 months (Time-2) post injury. Previous research suggests deficits in cognition, attention, working memory, and processing speed. The current study was done to further explore these neurocognitive concerns in children with ...
An K - - 2014
Previous research examining an age effect on outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI) has almost exclusively used a non-litigation population. The current research investigated whether older adults differed from younger adults in neuropsychological performance and reported levels of psychological distress following TBI in a compensation setting. Participants (n = 66; ...
Smith P M PM Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Institute for Work and Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, - - 2014
Interest in the relationship between age and serious work injury is increasing, given the ageing of the workforce in many industrialized economies. To examine if the relationship between age and risk of serious musculoskeletal injury differs when the physical demands of work are higher from those when they are lower. ...
Schwebel David C DC Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at - - 2014
Context :  In 2010, 8.6 million children were treated for unintentional injuries in American emergency departments. Child engagement in sports and recreation offers many health benefits but also exposure to injury risks. In this analysis, we consider possible developmental risk factors in a review of age, sex, and incidence of ...
Weber T T Working Group on Accident Mechanics (AGU), Winkelriedstrasse 27, CH-8006 Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The acceptance and usage of electric bicycles has rapidly increased in Switzerland in the last years. Hence this topic has been addressed by policy makers with the aim to facilitate new transport modes and, moreover, to improve their safety. Police-recorded accidents of the years 2011 and 2012 involving a total ...
Græsli Anne - - 2014
BackgroundEstablishment of haematological and biochemical reference intervals is important to assess health of animals on individual and population level. Reference intervals for 13 haematological and 34 biochemical variables were established based on 88 apparently healthy free-ranging brown bears (39 males and 49 females) in Sweden. The animals were chemically immobilised ...
Kashirskaya Nataliya Y NY Department of Cystic Fibrosis, Research Centre for Medical Genetics RAMS, Moskvorechye str. 1, Moscow 115478, Russia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is the foundation of nutritional management for exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). A 3-month, open-label, multicentre study in Russia assessing safety, efficacy, and ease-of-use of Creon® Micro (5000 lipase units/spoon) in children aged 1month to <4years with EPI due to cystic fibrosis. Efficacy assessments included growth parameters. ...
Torigoe Teruyuki T 1 All authors: Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsushima, Kurashiki, Okayama 701-0192, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to evaluate age-related changes in the secretory flow of pancreatic juice in the main pancreatic duct noninvasively by means of nonpharmacologic cine-dynamic MRCP using spatially selective inversion recovery (IR) pulse. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Fifty-three subjects without a history of pancreatic disease were included. ...
Klapman M H MH Southern California Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Dermatology Department, Vascular Laser Service, 1515 N Vermont Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Port wine stains in the malar area of the face can develop thickening in early adult life. We began a study with a hypothesis that this thickening can be associated with elevation of low density lipoprotein. In a retrospective review, we divided 53 subjects with malar port wine stains into ...
Hoo Z H ZH Adult Cystic Fibrosis Unit, CF Office, Brearley Outpatient, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield S5 7AU, United Kingdom; School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The widespread availability of genetic testing allowing the identification of "milder" individuals with CF coincided with improvements in CF life expectancy but the relative contribution of case mix to that improved survival is uncertain. Patients in the UK CF registry were divided into 'mild phenotype' defined as pancreatic sufficient and ...
Singhi Aatur D AD Departments of *Pathology †Surgery ‡Medicine §Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Hereditary pancreatitis is an autosomal dominant disorder with 80% penetrance and variable expressivity. The vast majority of cases have been linked to mutations within the cationic trypsinogen gene, also referred to as serine protease 1 (PRSS1). Other than inheritance, PRSS1 pancreatitis has been considered clinically and pathologically indistinguishable from other ...
Mensel Birger B 1 Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medicine Greifswald, Ferdinand-Sauerbruch-Straße, D-17475 Greifswald, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to investigate secretin-stimulated MRCP in terms of the safety of secretin, improvement of duct visualization, and assessment of pancreatic exocrine function. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Eight hundred sixteen volunteers (370 women and 446 men; mean age, 49.7 ± 13.1 [SD] years) underwent 3D MRCP ...
Janssen J - - 2013
Purpose: Endosonographic elastography has been introduced as a method of estimating the stiffness of pancreatic tumors. This prospective single-center study was conducted to evaluate changes in the stiffness of the pancreas related to age and diffuse chronic pancreatitis. Patients and Methods: 46 individuals each up to age 60 (group 1) ...
Das Pradip Kumar - - 2013
Swimming is a mass-oriented, well organised and health directed sport which helps to acquire good health for the participants. In our country it is started mostly in the 8-9 years of age and when compared to developed countries the children start the practices around the 3-6 years of age. In ...
Roelfsema Ferdinand - - 2013
Context.Studies of the influence of sex, age and body weight on TSH secretion are not unanimous. Most reports are based on a single TSH measurement and studies using frequent blood sampling are scarce and used limited number of selected subjects.Objective.The goal was to investigate TSH dynamics in 117 healthy adults.Methods.TSH ...
Ryden Mikael - - 2013
ABSTRACT Human obesity is associated with decreased triglyceride turnover and impaired lipolysis in adipocytes. We determined if such defects also occur in subjects with only moderate increase in fat mass. Human abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue was investigated in healthy nonobese subjects (BMI >17 to 30 kg/m2). Triglyceride age, reflecting lipid ...
Ma C - - 2013
To investigate and characterize the effect of age on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in the normal adult pancreas using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI). Five hundred and fifty-nine adult patients without pancreatic disease, ranging from 20-81 years of age (mean 50.9 years; 436 men, 123 women), were included in ...
Morgan Wayne J WJ Department of Pediatrics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine whether the association between high forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and increased rate of decline in FEV1 in children with cystic fibrosis could be due to less frequent intervention after acute declines (sudden decline events) in FEV1. Patients with cystic fibrosis aged 6-17 years enrolled in ...
Limketkai Berkeley N - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been shown to be overall effective and safe in children, but its performance characteristics and safety profile have not been specifically evaluated according to age. We aim to compare the indications, findings, interventions, and safety outcomes of ERCP across pediatric age ...
Zhang Zhumin Z Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that pubertal peak height velocity (PHV) in cystic fibrosis (CF) has improved and is influenced by prepubertal growth and genetic potential. PHV from 1862 children born in 1984-87 and documented in the 1986-2008 US CF Foundation Registry was determined by statistical modeling and classified into normal, ...
Imaoka Masako - - 2013
The mechanism of spontaneous islet fibrosis in Sprague-Dawley rats was investigated. Using sections of the pancreas in naive males aged 26 to 102 weeks old and 26-week-old males injected with β-estradiol 3-benzoate (EB), the incidence of lesions and histological scores of fibrosis were examined in conjunction with immunohistochemistry for α-smooth ...
Stimac Davor - - 2013
Introduction. Several European studies have reported an increase in the incidence rate of acute pancreatitis (AP). Therefore, we studied the incidence rate of AP in the North Adriatic Region in Croatia, as well as epidemiological analysis concerning etiology, age, gender, and severity of disease. Methods. We analyzed 922 patients with ...
Wang Shuang - - 2013
Purpose: Autophagy induces pancreatic β cell death. The purpose of the present study was to examine the hypothesis that the extent of pancreatic autophagy is associated with aging and age-related diabetes. Methods: Pancreatic tissue and blood samples were collected from Sprague Dawley rats receiving a normal diet at 2 (the ...
Frayn Keith - - 2012
Inappropriate storage of fatty acids as triglycerides in adipocytes and their removal from adipocytes through lipolysis and subsequent oxidation may cause the atherogenic dyslipidemia phenotype of elevated apolipoprotein B levels and subsequent hypertriglyceridemia. We tested whether turnover of triglycerides in fat cells was related to dyslipidemia. The age of triglycerides ...
Vieni Giuseppe - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Some studies have shown a direct relationship between nutritional status and survival in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients. Body wasting, defined as a percentage of the ideal body weight for age, has been shown to be an independent predictor of mortality in CF. With respect to height only ...
Zimbelman James R - - 2012
The Medusae Fossae Formation (MFF) on Mars is an intensely eroded deposit north of the cratered highlands. It is widely thought that MFF materials were emplaced through ignimbrite eruptions. Recent geologic mapping of western MFF identified outliers of MFF materials well beyond the previously mapped western extent for the deposit, ...
Ruiz Lopez Maria Jose - - 2012
Abstract The reproductive strategies and variation in reproductive success of ticks are poorly understood. We determined variation in multiple paternity in the American dog tick Dermancentor variabilis. In total, 48 blood-engorged female ticks and 22 male companion ticks were collected from 13 raccoon (Procyon lotor) hosts. In the laboratory, 60.4% ...
Theis Anya - - 2012
Color and pigmentation patterns of animals are often targets of sexual selection because of their role in communication. Although conspicuous male traits are typically implicated with intersexual selection, there are examples where sex-specific displays play a role in an intrasexual context, e.g. when they serve as signals for aggression level ...
Perinotto W M S - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro effect of the entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae sensu lato (s.l.) and Beauveria bassiana sensu lato (s.l.) on two distinct populations of Rhipicephalus microplus, from two different experimental farms. Bioassays were performed with engorged females, eggs and larvae. Fungal infection was evaluated based ...
Feng Lei - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Elevated homocysteine has emerged as a risk factor for cognitive impairment even in healthy elderly persons. Reduced brain volume and white matter hyperintensities also occur in healthy elderly as well, but the interrelationships between these have not been well studied. We report these interrelationships in non demented, relatively healthy, ...
Kim Sung Nyun - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: White matter abnormalities in the corpus callosum (CC) of schizophrenia have been reported to predate the illness onset. This study aimed to investigate the effect of genetic predisposition on the white matter integrity of the CC, in subjects at genetically high risk for schizophrenia (GHR) and schizophrenia patients. METHOD: ...
Wang Haijun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM) is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) subtype. Little is known about the incidence and trends for this disease in the United States. METHODS: Twenty-year data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program were used for this study. SEER*Stat was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of ...
Karatas Ayla - - 2011
In this study, the effects of a porphyrazine derivative, [octakis (2-trimethylammoniumethyl thio) porphyrazinatocobalt] octaiodide (CoPzq), were explored on the developmental characteristics, sex ratio and egg fertility of Drosophila melanogaster. CoPzq was preferred in the study due to its probability to be used as a chemotherapeutic agent in medicine. As a ...
Grad Yonatan H - - 2012
Helicobacter pylori seroprevalence levels in US adults participating in the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2000) increased with age in all racial/ethnic groups, with significantly higher age-standardized levels in Mexican Americans (64.0%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 58.8, 69.2) and non-Hispanic blacks (52.0%, 95% CI: 48.3, 55.7) compared with ...
Muthenna P - - 2011
Non-enzymatic glycation is a complex series of reactions between reducing sugars and amino groups of proteins. Accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) due to non-enzymatic glycation has been related to several diseases associated with aging and diabetes. Formation of AGE is accelerated in hyperglycemic conditions, which alters structure and function ...
Merriman Julie A - - 2011
Human eggs are highly aneuploid, with female age being the only known risk factor. Here this aging phenomenon was further studied in Swiss CD1 mice aged between 1 and 15 mo. The numbers of eggs recovered from mice following superovulation peaked at 22.5 ± 3.8 (mean ± SEM) eggs/oviduct in ...
Onbasilar E E - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine the effect of hen production cycle (HPC) and the effect of egg weight (EW) at the same egg production level on egg quality, egg composition, hatchability, duckling quality, and first-week BW in Pekin ducks. For HPC, hatching eggs were obtained from different Pekin-duck breeder ...
Nangsuay A - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of breeder age and egg size on yolk absorption and embryo development, a total of 4,800 Ross 308 hatching eggs were subjected to 4 treatments arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial randomized complete block design using 2 breeder ages (29 and 53 wk of age, ...
Nuru-Jeter Amani M - - 2011
We examined black-white differences in activities of daily living (ADLs), functional limitations (FLs), vision/hearing/sensory impairment, and memory/learning problems in a large, nationally representative sample of community-dwelling and institutionalized people across the lifespan. Data are from the 2006 American Community Survey (n=2,288,800). We included data on non-Hispanic black respondents (125,985 males ...
Skinner Martie L ML University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98115, USA. - - 2011
The concept of allostasis suggests that greater cumulative stress burden can influence stress-responsive physiology. Dysregulation of allostatic mediators, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, is thought to precede many other signs of age-related pathology as the persistent burden of stressors accumulates over the individual's life span. We predicted that even in ...
Asvat Riaze - - 2011
  The present study investigates the frequency of bifidity/nonbifidity in the black and white South African populations. Four-hundred skeletons of known race, sex, and tribal group were examined. Spinous processes were classified as bifid (bifurcate and cleft subtypes) and nonbifid (obtuse, pediculate, acinate, and clavate subtypes). Statistical analysis using the ...
Carson Scott Alan - - 2011
SummaryThis paper demonstrates that although modern BMIs in the US have increased, 19th century BMIs in Philadelphia were lower than elsewhere within Pennsylvania, indicating that urbanization and agricultural commercialization were associated with lower BMIs. After controlling for stature, blacks consistently had greater BMI values than mulattos and whites; therefore, there ...
Roldán Ana - - 2012
Biological aging is a key step in the production of Sherry wine classified as "fine". During this stage, a film of yeast referred to as "flor velum" covers the surface of the wine and substantially alters its characteristics. Other microorganisms may coexist with flor yeasts, such as lactic acid bacteria ...
Fox C W - - 2011
Inbreeding generally reduces male mating activity such that inbred males are less successful in male-male competition. Inbred males can also have smaller accessory glands, transfer less sperm and produce sperm that are less motile, less viable or have a greater frequency of abnormalities, all of which can reduce the fertilization ...
Segers Francisca H I D - - 2012
When females anticipate a hazardous environment for their offspring, they can increase offspring survival by producing larger young. Early environmental experience determines egg size in different animal taxa. We predicted that a higher perceived predation risk by juveniles would cause an increase in the sizes of eggs that they produce ...
Savegnago R P - - 2011
The objectives of this paper were to identify the phenotypic egg-laying patterns in a White Leghorn line mainly selected for egg production, to estimate genetic parameters of traits related to egg production and to evaluate the genetic association between these by principal components analysis to identify trait(s) that could be ...
Wolc A - - 2011
1. Genetic parameters for mean and for environmental variation in egg weight, body weight, age at first egg, and egg production were estimated in eight layer lines. The data were recorded from years 1999-2007, with on average of 6500 birds per line. 2. An iterative mean-variance REML method was applied ...
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