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Cha Dong H - - 2013
Oil-coated clear panel traps baited with a host plant-based kairomone lure have successfully been used for monitoring female grape berry moth, Paralobesia viteana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), but low capture rates as well as difficulty in servicing these traps makes them unsuitable for commercial use. We compared the performance of different ...
Urban Otmar - - 2012
While downward photosynthetic acclimation in response to elevated CO(2) (EC) is frequently accompanied by reduction in Rubisco (ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase), the exact mechanism behind this decrease and its dynamics are not well understood. We comprehensively studied Rubisco adjustment to EC in coniferous Picea abies using an electrophoretic (protein content), spectrophotometric (initial ...
Katz Mira L - - 2012
To understand the behavioral lifestyle factors that may contribute to lower cancer incidence rates among the Amish population, this study evaluated differences in physical activity (PA) levels between Amish and non-Amish adults living in Ohio Appalachia. Amish (n = 134) and non-Amish (n = 154) adults completed face-to-face interviews as part of a cancer-related ...
Valtueña J - - 2012
The effects of vitamin D concentrations on bone mineral content in adolescents are still unclear. Vitamin D and physical activity (PA) may interact to determine bone mineral content (BMC) in two possible directions; 25(OH)D sufficiency levels improve BMC only in active adolescents, or PA increases BMC in individuals with replete ...
Elavsky Steriani - - 2012
Physical activity (PA) may be a useful tool in the management of menopausal hot flashes (HFs) but findings are generally inconsistent. There are few well-designed and sufficiently powered RCTs. Applying a longitudinal within-person approach offers an alternative way to examine the PA-HFs relationship which enables complete accommodation of inter-individual differences. ...
Grimm Elizabeth K - - 2012
Older adult physical activity (PA) levels obtained from the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ) and accelerometry (ACC) were compared. Mean difference scores between accumulated or bout ACC PA and the IPAQ were computed. Spearman rank-order correlations were used to assess relations between time spent in PA measured from ACC ...
Yan Cai-Feng - - 2012
For both ecologists and physiologists, foliar physioecology as a function of spatially and temporally variable environmental factors such as sunlight exposure within a tree crown is important for understanding whole tree physiology and for predicting ecosystem carbon balance and productivity. Hence, we studied concentrations of nitrogen (N), non-structural carbohydrates (NSC = soluble ...
Martinez-Gomez David - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Atherogenesis involves an inflammatory process that occurs early in life even though clinical symptoms are not observed until adulthood. Two important protective factors for low-grade inflammation may be physical activity (PA) and fitness. We examined the independent associations of objective and subjective measurements of PA and fitness with low-grade ...
Kwak Lydia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To be able to draw any conclusions regarding the health effects of occupational physical activity (OPA), more information is needed regarding valid measures to assess OPA. Aims were to compare OPA as assessed with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire long version (IPAQ-L) with OPA assessed with an accelerometer and ...
Gulsvik Anne K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is inversely associated with mortality in the general population. We wanted to quantify the association of self-reported PA with mortality from all causes, ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke, and compare it with other known risk factors in different age segments. METHODS: The Bergen Clinical Blood ...
Malysheva Svetlana V - - 2012
A new species of Cattiena Hunt & Spiridonov, 2001 from a diplopod (Spirobolida: Pseudospirobolellidae Brolemann) collected near Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province, Vietnam, is described. Females of Cattiena fansipanis n. sp. are closely related to females of two other known species of the genus, C. trachelomegali Hunt & Spiridonov, 2001 ...
Dharmasaroja Pornpatr A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Intravenous thrombolysis is a standard treatment in eligible acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. However, the advisability of treating patients >80 years of age is still debated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of aging on the outcomes in Thai patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis. METHODS: Patients ...
Melo Marco Aurélio Veiga de - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to assess the bond strength of composite resin repairs subjected to different surface treatments and accelerated artificial aging. 192 cylindrical samples (CSs) were prepared and divided into 24 groups (n = 8). Half of the CSs were stored in water for 24 h, ...
Włodarek D - - 2011
The aim of the study was to analyze the correlations between age, BMI, fat mass, muscle mass, GFR and factors related to physical activity (PA) of predialysis individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Into the study were enrolled 24 predialysis CKD patients: 6 male, 18 female (mean age 60.3 ± ...
Carvalho João Pedro - - 2011
The aim of the study was to analyse (by sex and age) the practice of physical activity (PA) in Portuguese adults according to the recommendation for PA. The sample consisted of 2657 adults (1130 male, 1527 female) age 20 to 60 y (43±7 y). PA was assessed by a questionnaire ...
Cruz C - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between physical fitness (PF), physical activity (PA), and body mass index (BMI) among adolescents who attended secondary school. A total of 131 healthy students (49 boys, 82 girls) age 14 to 18 years (M=16±1) participated in the study. PA was ...
André Joana - - 2011
The aim was to analyse physical activity (PA) practice of urban Portuguese adults, according to age, intensity and sex. 2657 people (1130 male, 1527 female), aged from 20 to 60 (43±7), participated in the study. Data was collected using a questionnaire about PA type, intensity and amount (frequency and duration). ...
Gubbels Jessica S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined clustering of dietary intake and activity behaviours (i.e. physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour) in 5-year-old children, as well as the longitudinal association with BMI and overweight development. DESIGN: Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to identify behavioural patterns. Backward regression analyses were used to ...
Butt Joanne - - 2011
Physical activity (PA) declines as adolescents get older, and the motivational determinants of PA warrant further investigation. The purposes of this study were to investigate the amount of physical and sedentary activity that adolescents participated in across age, gender, and race, and to investigate adolescents' attraction to PA and their ...
Watts Ashlee E - - 2011
Objective-To identify hemostatic imbalances indicative of an increased risk of intra-abdominal adhesion formation in foals versus adult horses. Animals-Horses with colic undergoing exploratory laparotomy or abdominocentesis as part of a clinical examination (n = 16 foals ≤ 6 months of age and 19 adults ≥ 5 years of age) and ...
Perez Daniel F - - 2011
The role of social-environmental factors in physical activity (PA) within lower income and ethnic minority populations is understudied. This study explored correlates of age-related PA and perceived walkability (PW). Cross-sectional data (N = 401 women; ≥18 y) were collected within the Jane-Finch community in Toronto, Ontario using questionnaires. Generalized additive ...
Shultz Ryan W - - 2011
Submacular hemorrhage associated with neovascular age-related macular degeneration is a complication known to have potentially devastating effects on visual acuity. Multiple treatment modalities have been suggested including intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections, photodynamic therapy, pneumatic displacement with or without adjuvant intravitreal tissue plasminogen activator, and pars plana vitrectomy with ...
Leung May May - - 2012
Objective. To assess the effectiveness of interventions that focus on reducing sedentary behavior (SB) among school-age youth and to identify elements associated with interventions' potential for translation into practice settings. Methods. A comprehensive literature search was conducted using 4 databases for peer-reviewed studies published between 1980 and April 2011. Randomized ...
Newcomer Robert - - 2011
Risk factors associated with the incidence of recipient injuries, bedsores and contractures, and health care use (i.e., emergency department and hospital use) among aged and non-aged adult personal care recipients are investigated. Data are from a statewide survey of aged and non-aged adult personal assistance service (PAS) recipients (n = ...
Escalante Yolanda - - 2011
Background. Sedentary behavior has negative effects on health. School recess playgrounds provide important settings and opportunities for children to engage in physical activity. The aim of this study was to describe the daily physical activity (PA) and physical activity during recess of Primary School children and the relationship with sex ...
Dossa Luc Hippolyte - - 2011
This study explores the relation between household socioeconomic status (SES) and participation in urban and periurban agriculture (UPA) in three West African cities. We used a structured questionnaire to survey 700 randomly selected households: 250 in Kano, Nigeria, 250 in Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, and 200 in Sikasso, Mali. Multiple ...
Herman Katya M - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Physical activity (PA) positively influences health-related quality of life (HRQL), while obesity is associated with significant HRQL impairments. Active-obese persons often have similar or lower risk of cardiovascular outcomes and mortality than inactive-healthy weight persons; however, the combined PA-weight status effects on HRQL are unclear. The aim was to ...
Ross Sharon E - - 2011
BACKGROUND. This study examines relations between parent and youth physical activity (PA) (days per week), sports participation, and overweight (BMI > 85th percentile) among U.S. youth, and whether this relationship varies by immigrant generation and sex. METHODS. Participants included 28,691 youth ages 10-17 years from the 2007 National Survey of ...
Arango Carlos Mario - - 2011
Active school transport (AST) is a recommended strategy to promote physical activity (PA) and prevent overweight (OW) in school-aged children. In many developing countries, such as Colombia, this association has not been well characterized. To determine the association between AST and weight status in a representative sample of adolescents from ...
Marquez David X - - 2011
To date, little is known about the physical activity (PA) levels and commonly reported modes of PA of older Latinos, and this information is critical to developing interventions for this population. The purpose of the current study was to examine PA assessed by self-report and accelerometer and to assess the ...
Jilcott Stephanie B - - 2011
Abstract Purpose . To examine associations between county-level natural amenities, physical activity (PA), and body mass index (BMI). Design and Setting . Cross-sectional study among 100 North Carolina counties. Measures . We obtained percentage of county residents meeting PA criteria and county-wide means for reported height and weight from the ...
Martinez Suzanna M SM Dept of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, - - 2011
U.S. Latinos engage in nonleisure-time walking (NLTW) more than other ethno-racial groups. Studies are needed to explore factors associated with NLTW to inform interventions for effective physical activity promotion. To examine the social-ecological correlates of NLTW among Mexican-origin Latinos. Individual, social, and environmental level factors and PA were assessed in ...
Shang Hong - - 2011
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent oral and genital aphthous ulcers, uveitis and skin lesions. Recurrent aphthous ulcer (RAU) is the most prevalent oral mucosal disease in humans. The pathogenesis and thrombopoiesis of BD and RAU have not been fully clarified. To reveal the ...
de Hollander Ellen L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the "Short QUestionnaire to ASsess Health-enhancing physical activity" (SQUASH) and the "Injuries and Physical Activity in the Netherlands" questionnaire ("Ongevallen en Bewegen in Nederland," OBiN) were valid in assessing adherence to physical activity (PA) guidelines. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Participants (N=187) aged 20-69 years were categorized ...
Verbestel Vera - - 2011
In this study, physical activity (PA) was objectively measured in 213 Belgian preschoolers (Mage = 4.98, SD = .88 years) over 4 consecutive days including two weekend days. Within-day variability in PA showed a typical activity pattern during weekdays and weekend days. Weekdays clearly reflected a preschool attending day with ...
Amin Tarek Tawfik - - 2011
To determine patterns of physical activity (PA) along domains of work-transport-leisure among adult Saudis, sociodemographic correlates of PA and perceived personal barriers to leisure-time-related physical inactivity in Al-Hassa, KSA. A cross-sectional study in which 2176 adult Saudis attending urban and rural Primary Health centers were selected using multistage proportionate sampling ...
Koedam Esther L G E EL Department of Neurology and Alzheimer Centre, VU University Medical Centre, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2011
To develop a visual rating scale for posterior atrophy (PA) assessment and to analyse whether this scale aids in the discrimination between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other dementias. Magnetic resonance imaging of 118 memory clinic patients were analysed for PA (range 0-3), medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) (range 0-4) and ...
Snowdon John - - 2011
Data concerning 127 persons aged 35 years or above who died by suicide (as determined in consecutive cases by a Sydney coroner) were analyzed. Psychological autopsy (PA) interviews were conducted in 52 cases, and details were compared with the 75 cases where data were available only from coroner's files (CF). Most ...
Hansen Bjorge Herman - - 2011
PURPOSE:: There is a lack of large-scale comparable data on the population levels of physical activity and sedentary activity. We conducted a cross sectional population-based multicenter study to describe the levels of physical activity and sedentary activity and to determine adherence to current national physical activity recommendations, in Norwegian adults ...
Costello Ellen - - 2011
Regular physical activity (PA) plays an important role in improving and maintaining one's health, especially as one ages. Although many older Americans are aware of the benefits of regular PA, the majority do not participate in regular PA that meets recommended guidelines. The purpose of this study was to gain ...
Barnett Anthony - - 2011
A population level increase in physical activity (PA) is critical to reduce obesity in youth. Video games are highly popular and active video games (AVGs) have the potential to play a role in promoting youth PA. Studies on AVG play energy expenditure (EE) and maintenance of play in youth were ...
Hicks Joshua A - - 2011
Four studies tested the prediction that positive affect (PA) would relate more strongly to meaning in life (MIL) as a function of perceived time limitations. In Study 1 (N = 360), adults completed measures of PA and MIL. As predicted, PA related more strongly to MIL for older, compared to ...
Akanji Abayomi O - - 2011
Abstract Background: Acute coronary syndromes present clinically as a consequence of plaque rupture and thrombosis possibly related to altered homeostasis of thrombogenic factors. It is speculated that this vulnerability in adults should be predictable from blood levels of thrombogenic biomarkers in children and adolescents. This study aims to examine the ...
Ayabe Makoto - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The minute-by-minute stepping rate (MMSR) is a unique index of the walking speed. The MMSR under free-living conditions remains unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present investigation was to clarify the physical activity (PA) levels based on MMSR under free-living conditions. METHODS: A total of 85 female volunteers, age ...
Wiest Maja - - 2011
Objective: Subjective well-being (SWB) is an important predictor of mortality. To date, surprisingly little is known about whether cognitive and emotional facets of SWB independently predict mortality, and whether such effects vary by age. Method: This study examined differential effects of life satisfaction (LS), positive affect (PA), and negative affect ...
Zraick Richard I - - 2012
The primary purpose of the present study was to establish a preliminary adult normative database for 41 phonatory aerodynamic measures obtained with the KayPENTAX Phonatory Aerodynamic System (PAS) Model 6600 (KayPENTAX Corp, Lincoln Park, NJ). A second purpose was to examine the effect of age and gender on these measures. ...
Larouche Richard - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported an age-related decline of physical activity (PA). We examined the impact of 4 important transitional periods - adolescence, the beginning of post-secondary education, entry into the labor market, and parenthood - on the PA of participants in the Trois-Rivières quasi-experimental study. METHODS: In 2008, 44 ...
Oh Hyun-Ju - - 2011
BACKGROUND: One of the goals of Healthy People 2020 is to increase physical activity (PA) and reduce health disparities among different racial and ethnic segments of the U.S. population. Few studies have been conducted to examine PA differences by birthplace and sex in youth of Mexican heritage. METHODS: Participants were ...
Van Dyck Delfien - - 2011
The study's aims were to examine whether residential self-selection differed according to socio-demographic characteristics and objectively assessed neighborhood walkability; and, whether objectively assessed walkability was a significant correlate of physical activity (PA) beyond residential self-selection. In total, 412 adults (aged 20-65 years) completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the long IPAQ, a ...
Swanson Kenda C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the relative contributions of physical activity (PA) and driving behaviour on weight status is limited. This study examined the associations between driving and PA behaviour and weight status among Canadian adults. METHODS: A random cross-section of Calgarian adults (n=1026) completed a telephone-interview and a self-administered questionnaire. Weekly ...
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