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Results 401 - 450 of 815
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Parker Dianne - - 2003
A survey questionnaire was used to ascertain the views of 1932 UK drivers aged between 50 and 90 on a range of measures designed to promote safer driving among the elderly. Factor analysis of the items produced six factors, relating to statistically distinct types of measure. Differences in acceptability on ...
Begg Dorothy J - - 2003
The main aim of this study was to identify adolescent/young adulthood factors that predicted persistent driving after drinking, persistent unsafe driving after drinking, and persistent cannabis use and driving among young adults. It was a longitudinal study of a birth cohort (n=933, 474 males and 459 females) and was based ...
Lin Shih-Ku - - 2003
Five hundred and five city government-employed bus drivers (GED) and 506 self-employed drivers (SED) who were primarily taxi drivers attending annual health check-ups were studied. A two-step survey was applied. Data on basic demographics were collected, the 12-item Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ), Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST), Drug Abuse Screen ...
Skog Ole-Jørgen - - 2003
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of changes in aggregate alcohol consumption on overall fatal accidents, motor vehicle accidents, fatal falling accidents and drowning accidents in Canadian provinces after 1950. DESIGN: Time-series analysis of annual mortality rates (15-69 years) in relation to per capita alcohol consumption, utilising the Box-Jenkins technique. All ...
Voas Robert B - - 2003
The objective of this research was to determine the extent to which the decline in alcohol-related highway deaths among drivers younger than age 21 years can be attributed to raising the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) and establishing zero tolerance (0.02% blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit for drivers younger than ...
Noland Robert B - - 2003
An analysis of how various road infrastructure improvements affect traffic-related fatalities and injuries is conducted while controlling for other factors known to affect overall safety. The road infrastructure elements analysed include total lane miles, the fraction of lane miles in different road categories (interstates, arterial, and collector roads), the average ...
Tomei Francesco - - 2003
The aim of this study is to evaluate whether traffic policemen exposed to urban pollutants and possible psycho-social stressors could be at risk of changes on plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH(P)] levels compared to a control group. Traffic policemen were matched by sex, age, length of service and drinking habit (<50 ...
Birnbaum David - - 2003
Analysis of variance (ANOVA) is used to prevent inflated type I error when hypothesis testing involves comparing more than two groups. If an ANOVA result indicates a statistically significant difference exists somewhere within, the next task is to discover exactly which combination or combinations of those groups account for the ...
Bungum Timothy J - - 2003
This study identified predictors of bicycle helmet usage in a sample of seniors in Mesa, Arizona. Participants reported: days/week bicycling, usual duration, where biking occurred, helmet ownership, bicycle accidents, injuries, and age and gender. Descriptive, non-parametric statistics, and regression analysis were utilized. Seventy-four females and 123 males completed the survey. ...
Lam Lawrence T - - 2003
This exploratory study investigated factors associated with car crash injury among learner drivers across difference ages by using data routinely collected by the NSW police. The results obtained indicated that some factors are commonly associated with car crash injury across nearly all ages. On the other hand, some others are ...
Mayhew Daniel R - - 2003
Since the mid-1980s there has been concern about the growing number of female drivers in the US involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes, and similar trends have been noted in other parts of the world. The present study examined whether this trend has continued into the 1990s and the reasons ...
Mura P - - 2003
A collaborative case-control study was conducted in France in order to determine the prevalence of alcohol, cannabinoids, opiates, cocaine metabolites, amphetamines and therapeutic psychoactive drugs in blood samples from drivers injured in road accidents and to compare these values with those of a control population. Recruitment was performed in emergency ...
Sakai Akio - - 2003
As the numbers of middle-aged and elderly mountain climbers have increased with the general aging of the population, accidents during mountain climbing have increased recently. A possible cause of such accidents is an excessively difficult expedition plan. To enjoy safe mountain climbing, the plans must take account of the climber's ...
Wiskirchen J - - 2003
AIM: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of radiopaque markers on stent visibility. The secondary objective was to investigate the impact of such radiopaque markers on localized corrosion at the stent corpus-marker interfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The radiopacity of the following stents was evaluated at ...
Li Guohua - - 2003
Using multiple national data systems, the roles of fragility (susceptibility to injury) versus excessive crash involvement in the increased fatality risk of older drivers per vehicle-mile of travel (VMT) were estimated. For each age and gender group, deaths per driver involved in a crash (a marker of fragility) and drivers ...
DeCarlo Dawn K - - 2003
PURPOSE: To characterize the driving habits of persons with age-related maculopathy who present to a low-vision rehabilitation clinic and to examine how driving status relates to vision-specific health-related quality of life. METHODS: The Driving Habits Questionnaire, the National Eye Institute Vision Function Questionnaire-25, and the Life Space Questionnaire were administered ...
Al-Balbissi Adli H - - 2003
Influence of driver sex on road accidents is assessed in this article. Accident records for 3 years and for three different income regions were analyzed. Annual distance traveled, social and economic participation, and effect of public vehicle accidents were considered. Effects of environmental factors and driver age were also included. ...
Claret Pablo Lardelli - - 2003
This retrospective, paired case-control study was designed to estimate crude and adjusted effects of age and sex on the risk of causing collisions between vehicles with four or more wheels in Spain during the period from 1990 to 1999. We selected all 220284 collisions registered from 1990 to 1999 in ...
Macdonald Scott - - 2003
Legislative changes and public media campaigns to prevent impaired driving are often cited as explanations for the reduction in the rate of impaired crashes over the past 25 years in most of the industrialized world. Other factors may have contributed to these reductions, such as changes in the age and ...
Williams A F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine seatbelt use of teenage drivers arriving at high schools in the morning and at evening football games compared with belt use of adults driving teenage passengers to these events, and teenage passenger belt use depending on whether they were being driven by another teenager or an adult. ...
Timmerman Mary Ann - - 2003
PROBLEM: By numerous accounts, alcohol abuse is considered the number one drug problem facing young people today. Alcohol consumption and its negative consequences, especially those due to drinking and driving, continue to have devastating effects on the college student population. METHOD: This field study examined the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) ...
Hingson Ralph - - 2003
Alcohol is a major factor in traffic crashes, and crashes involving alcohol are more likely to result in injuries and deaths than crashes where alcohol is not a factor. Increasing blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) have been linked to increased crash risk. Male drivers, particularly those ages 22 to 45; people ...
Laapotti Sirkku - - 2003
PROBLEM: This study evaluates how the traffic behaviors of young drivers and their attitudes toward traffic regulations have changed over the last 23 years, and particularly, whether the differences in attitudes and behavior between male and female drivers have changed. METHOD: The study was conducted in 2001, and it replicated ...
Redlich Allison D - - 2003
There are several different types of legal competence, such as competence to waive Miranda rights, competence to confess, and competence to stand trial. Although it can be surmised that many of the underlying factors that influence the different legal competencies are similar, little research has been conducted to empirically test ...
Himpens B - - 2003
A distance continuing medical education programme was established at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven using multipoint videoconferencing via ISDN lines at 384 kbit/s. During each of the first three academic years of the project, two or three periods of eight or nine sessions each were organized (a total of 74 sessions). ...
Bauer Mary J - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of age and gender on the driving patterns of 300 older adults. Odds of driving less than every day increased significantly with age and female gender. However, no differences were found in the reduction of overall driving. Females were more ...
Guria Jagadish - - 2003
Alcohol-impaired driving is one of the major contributing factors to fatal and serious crashes in New Zealand. To curb the high level of road trauma resulting from drink-driving, a compulsory breath test (CBT) programme was introduced in 1993 and a supplementary road safety package (SRSP) in 1995/1996. The SRSP aimed ...
Charlton Judith L - - 2003
This study involved a survey of self-regulatory driving practices of 656 drivers aged 55 years and older. Types and prevalence of self-regulatory behaviours were described and several key characteristics of self-regulators were identified. Those who drove less than 100 kilometres per week were more likely to be female, 75+ years, ...
Morris Andrew - - 2003
This study compares injury outcomes in vehicle crashes involving different age groups of belted passengers. Two datasets were considered. Firstly, UK national data revealed that younger passengers are much more likely to be involved in crashes per million miles travelled compared to older passengers although older passengers are much more ...
- - 2002
Motor-vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death in the United States for persons aged 16-24 years, and a substantial proportion of these crashes are alcohol-related. Alcohol-impaired driving is highest among persons aged 21-24 years, and the percentage of fatal crashes that are alcohol-related is highest for this age group. ...
Reynaud Michel - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to better evaluate the role of alcohol drinking in fatalities linked to road traffic accidents. METHODS: The data of accidents were collected by a French official agency from police records, including many variables, among which was a blood alcohol test. They were analyzed ...
Downing A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Little has been reported of the demographic and temporal variations in accident and emergency (A&E) attendances despite the importance of this information in planning services. The purpose of this paper to is to explore the variations in attendance patterns across the West Midlands region of the NHS. METHODS: The ...
Eby David W - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of standard enforcement legislation on safety belt use in Michigan through a series of seven statewide direct observation surveys. A secondary purpose of the study was to compare the results in Michigan to the results in other states that have ...
Detwiler J - - 2002
We study the effect of naval nuclear reactors on the study of neutrino oscillations. We find that the presence of naval reactors at unknown locations and times may limit the accuracy of future very long baseline reactor-based neutrino oscillation experiments. At the same time, we argue that a nuclear powered ...
Logan T K - - 2002
Research indicates that stalking is an extension of intimate partner violence. The overall purpose of this study was to better understand stalkers by examining the association between a protective order history and the court's processing of subsequent stalking, and to examine patterns of reoffending. This study examined a sample of ...
Keeffe J E - - 2002
To establish the association between impaired vision and drivers' decisions to stop driving, voluntarily restrict driving, and motor vehicle accidents. Driving related questions were included in a population based study that determined the prevalence and incidence of eye disease. Stratified random cluster samples based on census collector districts were selected ...
Beatty William W - - 2002
When required to locate places on outline maps, males consistently perform more accurately than females. This sex difference in geographical knowledge has been observed in samples throughout the United States, in all age ranges examined from the second to the 9th decade of life and in samples differing in average ...
Moeller S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Many large scale observational studies of child restraint usage require observers to estimate the ages of the vehicle occupants. The accuracy of age assignments were assessed and possible methods to improve observational accuracy in research and field studies of child restraint use were identified. METHODS: The validation study was ...
Porter Michelle M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Driving is a complex task that is difficult to fully characterize objectively or in a blinded fashion. The main objective of this study was to determine the usefulness of the global positioning system (GPS) and video technology for examining age-related differences in driving. In this study, GPS was used ...
Rosenbloom Tova - - 2002
The relevance of the construct of sensation seeking, particularly the motivation to seek thrill and adventure and to avoid boredom, to detection of danger on the road, in particular choices made in conditions of road dilemmas (e.g. road-crossing and amber-light), was examined. 412 participants, males and females, from three age ...
Saito Shigeru - - 2002
The number of alpine accidents has markedly increased among elderly trekkers in an aging society, Japan. We evaluated the physical condition of 176 trekkers by interview and physical examination on a popular middle altitude mountain. Heart rate, noninvasive blood pressure and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) were measured using a portable ...
Aekplakorn Wichai - - 2002
Existing legislative measures on blood-alcohol control of drivers failed to show a substantial effect in reducing the incidence of crash injury and mortality. Recently, a government initiative to limit locations and operating time (service hours) of nighttime entertainment venues was introduced. A telephone interviewed-survey of 500 random-samples to assess public ...
Rimmö P-A - - 2002
Four samples, representing a broad age range, were compared in confirmatory factor analyses with respect to a four-factor model of aberrant driving behaviour. With the restrictions imposed on the data by the model, an approximate fit was obtained for all four samples. Additional analyses, which tested equality of factor loadings ...
Morrison L - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To compare personal and situational influences on incidents involving drink driving with those involving sober driving. METHODS: Information on a range of road safety practices was sought in face to face interviews conducted with 969 members of the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study cohort at age 26 years. ...
Moran Stephan G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined the independent effects of occupant height, obesity, and body mass index in motor vehicle collisions and identified related injury patterns. The hypothesis of this study was that as the driver's body habitus diverges from the 50% percentile male Hybrid III Crash Dummy (H3CD), the frequency ...
Lyman S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Older drivers have become a larger part of the driving population and will continue to do so as the baby boomers reach retirement age. The purpose of this study was to identify the potential effects of this population increase on highway safety. METHODS: Driver involvement rates for all police ...
Fabbri A - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine if a positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC) at the time of crash (>or=0.50 g/l), independently of any clinical evidence and laboratory results indicating acute alcohol intoxication, is associated with specific features of patients involved, specific types of injury, and characteristics of the accident. METHODS: In this ...
Miura Yasuhiko - - 2002
BACKGROUND: On May 14, 1991, the Japanese Ministry of Transport issued an official notice allowing medically certified airline transport pilots aged 60 to 63 yr old (aged pilot) to work on non-scheduled flights. Since September 24, 1996, the official notice was revised to allow them to work on scheduled flights. ...
Hoy Judith A - - 2002
From spring, 1996, to early spring, 2000, accident-killed and injured white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, in the Bitterroot Valley of west-central, Montana, U.S.A., were collected and examined for genital abnormalities at the Bitterroot Wildlife Rehabilitation Center. Of the 254 male deer examined, 133 were fawns aged 3 months to 1 yr, ...
Al-Madani Hashim - - 2002
This study investigated the role of age, marital status, gender, nationality, educational background and monthly income in drivers' comprehension of traffic signs. The populations sampled here were from five Arabian Gulf Countries. A total of 28 symbolic warning and regulatory signs were investigated. A questionnaire specially prepared to collect the ...
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