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Results 301 - 350 of 813
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Peduzzi Peter - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the mechanisms of action in two successful geriatric clinical trials that tested multicomponent physical conditioning programs and to determine whether the pathways for overall benefit were through improvement in physical ability and/or self-confidence. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: PREHAB and DRIVER were conducted by the Yale Pepper Center. ...
Holland Carol - - 2007
The theory of planned behaviour (TPB) has been used successfully in the past to account for pedestrians' intentions to cross the road in risky situations. However, accident statistics show age and gender differences in the likelihood of adult pedestrian accidents. This study extends earlier work by examining the relative importance ...
Chikritzhs Tanya - - 2006
AIM: To examine the impact of later trading hours for licensed hotels in Perth, Western Australia on levels of associated impaired driver road crashes and driver breath alcohol levels (BALs). DESIGN: Police data on the "last place of drinking" for impaired drivers involved in road crashes and their corresponding BALs ...
Debacker Martine - - 2006
We identified risk factors for Buruli ulcer (BU) in Benin in an unmatched case-control study at the Centre Sanitaire et Nutritionnel Gbemoten in southern Benin. A total of 2,399 persons admitted from 1997 through 2003 and 1,444 unmatched patients with other conditions in 2002 were recruited. Adjusted odds ratios were ...
Fulton Jessica - - 2006
Droperidol (DROP) is used in the emergency department (ED) for several indications, but its effect on psychomotor performance is unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of DROP, 2.5 mg intramuscular (IM), on driving performance. This was a randomized, double-blinded, two-period, placebo-controlled crossover trial that utilized ...
Lanki T - - 2006
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the leading cause of death attributed to cardiovascular diseases. An association between traffic related air pollution and AMI has been suggested, but the evidence is still limited. To evaluate in a multicentre study association between hospitalisation for first AMI and daily levels of traffic related ...
Taşkin Füsun - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of breast arterial calcifications (BAC) detected on mammography and search for conditions that may influence their existence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mammograms of 6156 consecutive patients were reevaluated for the presence of BAC. Four hundred eighty-five women having BAC were enrolled in the patient group. ...
Abdullat Emad M - - 2006
A prospective autopsy study addressing fatal poisoning with agricultural and horticultural pesticides was undertaken in Jordan over a 4 year period. A total number of 140 deaths occurred during 1999-2002. The mean fatality rate was 0.68 case per 100,000 population and the age range was 2-55 years; mean 28.3 years ...
Purna S K Garimella - - 2006
The objective of this research was to use a Rapid Visco Analyzer to study the effect of natural cheese age, trisodium citrate (TSC) concentration, and mixing speed on process cheese food (PCF) functionality. In this study 3 replicates of natural cheese were manufactured, and a portion of each cheese was ...
Li Guohua - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between pilot age and safety performance has been the subject of research and controversy since the "Age 60 Rule" became effective in 1960. This study aimed to examine age-related differences in the prevalence and patterns of pilot error in air carrier accidents. METHODS: Investigation reports from the ...
Hernández M G - - 2006
Degradation of concrete structures located in high humidity atmospheres or under flowing water is a very important problem. In this study, a method for ultrasonic non-destructive characterization in aged mortar is presented. The proposed method makes a prediction of the behaviour of aged mortar accomplished with a three phase micromechanical ...
Groeger J A - - 2006
Young inexperienced drivers are more likely to be involved in road traffic crashes than drivers who are older and more experienced. This paper argues that neither age nor inexperience are, in and of themselves, sufficient explanations of the association between age, experience, and casualty rates. The aim here is to ...
Zambon Francesco - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors affecting the severity of motorcycle injuries, considering variables related to the individual, the environment, the vehicle, and the crash. METHODS: This is a register-based retrospective cohort study. All individuals born in 1970-1972 (n = 334,070) were extracted from the Swedish Population and Housing Census of 1985 ...
Pol Diego - - 2006
The ages of first appearance of fossil taxa in the stratigraphic record are inherently associated to an interval of error or uncertainty, rather than being precise point estimates. Contrasting this temporal information with topologies of phylogenetic relationships is relevant to many aspects of evolutionary studies. Several indices have been proposed ...
Matzopoulos Richard - - 2006
Railway fatalities account for approximately 10% of transport fatalities in Cape Town. The objective of this study was to examine alcohol intoxication as a risk factor during daylight hours by conducting a case - control study to compare rail passenger and pedestrian fatalities (cases) with motor vehicle passenger and pedestrian ...
Beck J Gayle - - 2006
This study was designed to examine the effects of deliberate suppression of trauma-related thoughts in 44 individuals who were PTSD+ and 26 individuals who were PTSD- following a motor vehicle accident (MVA). In an effort to resolve discrepancies in the literature, the PTSD- group was selected from the same help-seeking ...
Shimizu Ken-ichi - - 2006
Selective catalytic reduction of NO by hydrocarbons (HC-SCR) is one of the promising technologies for removal of NO in exhausts containing excess oxygen, such as diesel and lean burn gasoline engines. Supported Ag catalysts, especially Ag/Al2O3, are thought to be the promising candidates for use in diesel exhausts, as confirmed ...
Meuleners Lynn B - - 2006
This study assessed age-related and gender differences in the relative contribution of fragility and crash over-representation to serious injuries per crash-involved driver in Western Australia. Police-reported crashes for the period 1998-2003 were extracted from the Western Australian Road Injury Database. For each passenger vehicle driver age and gender group, serious ...
Lockhart Thurmon E - - 2006
In this study, we evaluated subjective nighttime discomfort-glare responses on three different types of planar and non-planar driver-side mirrors on two age groups. Fifty-six individuals (28 young [18-35 years] and 28 old [65 years and over]) participated in this experiment. Subjective discomfort-glare rating scores on three different types of driver-side ...
Ingre Michael - - 2006
The present study aimed to provide subject-specific estimates of the relation between subjective sleepiness measured with the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS) and blink duration (BLINKD) and lane drifting calculated as the standard deviation of the lateral position (SDLAT) in a high-fidelity moving base driving simulator. Five male and five female ...
Wilson R Jean - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore the distribution and correlates of subjective sleepiness among the general night-time driving population. METHODS: The survey took place in three British Columbia communities in June 2003 between 21:00 hours to 03:00 hours. Sites and vehicles were selected randomly. Surveyors obtained information on several demographic ...
Doron Israel - - 2006
The aging of the world has led the field of law to the realization that it must respond and change in order to deal with this phenomenon. One way in which law has responded to societal aging was by adopting preventive measures in the field of elder law. The Israeli ...
Rios Angelyn - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In 1997, the Georgia General Assembly enacted the Teenage and Adult Drivers Responsibility Act (TADRA), a comprehensive legislative package that attempted to reduce fatal crashes of teenaged drivers by introducing graduated driver's licensing, "zero tolerance" of underage impaired drivers, and automatic license revocation for speeding greater than 25 ...
Langford Jim - - 2006
The widespread claim that older drivers are overly involved in crashes has apparent support from crash data, especially when distance travelled is used as the exposure measure. However, independent of age, drivers travelling more kilometres will typically have lower crash rates per kilometre than those driving fewer kilometres. This paper ...
Green Paul E - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Using data from the NASS General Estimates System (GES), the method of induced exposure was used to assess the effects of electronic stability control (ESC) on loss-of-control type crashes for sport utility vehicles. METHOD: Sport utility vehicles were classified into crash types generally associated with loss of control and ...
Doron Israel - - 2006
Films often portray the complexities of real-life aging issues, showing how they are apparently handled outside of and around the law or legal issues. Furthermore, films considering the aged and the social issues associated with aging also reveal how the law actually functions as a framework around and within which ...
Dandona Rakhi - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Motorized two-wheeled vehicles (MTV) account for a large proportion of road traffic in India and the riders of these vehicles have a high risk of road traffic injuries. We report on the availability of drivers licenses, use of a helmet, driver behavior, and condition of vehicles for MTV drivers ...
Rudman Deborah Laliberte - - 2006
Although decisions related to driving are vital to well-being in later life, little is known about how aging drivers who do not experience a medical condition that requires driving cessation regulate their driving. This exploratory, qualitative study used focus groups with 79 such community-dwelling individuals to examine driving self-regulation from ...
Sidle W C - - 2006
Specific 85Kr activity is mapped from 264 domestic and municipal wells sampled during 2002-2004 in the Royal watershed (361 km2), Maine. Gas samples are collected at 20 m, 40 m, and > 50 m interval depths within the unconfined aquifers. Gas extraction for 85Kr from wells is obtained directly via ...
Islam Samantha - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: This study explores the differences in injury severity between male and female drivers, and across the different age groups, in single-vehicle accidents involving passenger cars. METHOD: Given the occurrence of an accident, separate male and female multinomial logit models of injury severity (with possible outcomes of no injury, injury, ...
Momirović Aleksandar - - 2005
The level of information on biometeorologic reports and mood effects of weather conditions on the Zagreb population were assessed in a sample of 782 subjects. Only 103 (13.2%) study subjects had not been informed on biometeorologic reports. Mood effects of weather conditions were reported by more than 76% of study ...
Ozkan Türker - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to investigate time-across stability of different factor solutions (two to six factors) of the Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) and to examine the changes on self-reported driving pattern in a follow-up sample (n=622) after three years of the first responses. Repeated measures ANOVA indicated ...
Dumais Alexandre - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle accident (MVA) fatalities are an important cause of death in young men. Psychiatric disorders have been shown to be risk factors for MVA, but only a few studies have investigated MVA fatalities. METHOD: A case-control study was carried out comparing 61 young male MVA fatalities in which ...
Douvis Stavros J - - 2005
One of the most important factors that has occupied researchers in motor learning is the method of practicing motor skills. This study examined the effect of variable practice in learning the forehand drive in tennis by children and adolescents. Variability of practice was achieved by the alternation of targets and ...
Tay Richard - - 2006
The purpose of this paper is to address two important issues regarding ageing drivers. First, there is a presumption in the road safety arena that the expected increase in the number of ageing drivers on the roads will lead to an increase in crashes. Second, despite extensive research on ageing ...
Williams Allan F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Key features of graduated licensing were introduced in 46 states and the District of Columbia between 1993 and 2003. State evaluations consistently have reported positive overall effects and positive effects of nighttime and passenger restrictions. Sixteen year-olds are the main target of graduated licensing, and the present study investigated ...
Fohr Susan Anderson - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of Wisconsin's graduated driver licensing law and determine whether a reduction in crash rates was due to reduced exposure, safer driving, or both. METHODS: General population crash rates for 16 and 17 year olds were computed for years before ...
Otmani Sarah - - 2005
The effect of age and time of day on objective and subjective sleepiness in professional drivers was investigated during a simulated driving task. Thirty-six young and middle-aged professional males drivers, free from any sleep disorder, took part in two simulated driving sessions; one carried out in the afternoon (between 2 ...
Oxley Jennifer A - - 2005
The over-representation of older pedestrians in serious injury and fatal crashes compared to younger adults may be due, in part, to age-related diminished ability to select gaps in oncoming traffic for safe road-crossing. Two experiments are described that examine age differences in gap selection decisions in a simulated road-crossing environment. ...
Lardelli-Claret P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of driver dependent factors on the risk of causing a collision for two wheeled motor vehicles (TWMVs). DESIGN: Case control study. SETTING: Spain, from 1993 to 2002. SUBJECTS: All drivers of TWMVs involved in the 181 551 collisions between two vehicles recorded in the Spanish ...
Andersson Anna-Lena - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess the psychosocial consequences of traffic accidents, and to evaluate the effect of an intervention programme to reduce the occurrence and extent of psychosocial residual states. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A telephone interview was conducted with 314 individuals, 1(1/2)-2 years after the accident in 1994-1995. The effect of the ...
Hester Eric J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To describe youth access to indoor UV tanning and youth discount pricing incentives in 4 states with different age restrictions: Colorado (no age restrictions), Texas (age 13 years), Illinois (age 14 years), and Wisconsin (age 16 years). DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone survey conducted in October 2003 using a standardized script ...
Goren Suleyman - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: As there is an increase in modernization, transportation, unskilled, and drunk drivers, injuries from traffic accidents have taken on an epidemic form all over the world. The present study aims to describe the demographic data of childhood pedestrian fatalities in a large urban area in Turkey. METHODS: The demographic ...
Khillare P S - - 2005
A preliminary study to determine the profile of PAHs in the exhaust of diesel vehicles plying on Delhi roads was conducted. Two different types of diesel vehicles (buses and trucks) with different age groups were selected for sampling purpose. The concentration of Total PAHs (sigma12 PAHs) was found to be ...
Vanlaar W - - 2005
In 2003, the Belgian Road Safety Institute organised the third national roadside survey to estimate the proportion of drink drivers and their profile. The objective of this initiative is to gather data as a basis to formulate theory- and research-based recommendations to policymakers with the intention of decreasing the number ...
Swoboda Kathryn J KJ Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA. - - 2005
Denervation was assessed in 89 spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) 1, 2, and 3 subjects via motor unit number estimation (MUNE) and maximum compound motor action potential amplitude (CMAP) studies, and results correlated with SMN2 copy, age, and function. MUNE and maximum CMAP values were distinct among SMA subtypes (p < ...
Freund Barbara - - 2005
PURPOSE: To explore whether elderly drivers of varying driving skill levels (1) differ in their perception of their driving evaluation performance and (2) determine if self-rated driving evaluation performance is related to cognitive ability. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-two drivers aged 65 years or older and referred for a driving ...
Vaez M - - 2005
Impaired driving is an important road safety problem, and the characteristics of drivers impaired by alcohol or drugs are relevant to targeted interventions. This study considers young drivers' sociodemographic attributes: age, sex, class of origin and educational attainment, based on a national cohort of young Swedish drivers (1988-2000) followed up ...
Morrisey Michael A - - 2005
After teenage males, elderly individuals have the highest per capita motor vehicle fatality rate in the United States. Surprisingly, there has been only limited work examining the effect of state motor vehicle laws on older driver fatalities. This paper uses state-level data from the 1985-2000 Fatality Analysis Reporting System to ...
Blows Stephanie - - 2005
Risky driving is an important cause of motor vehicle injury, but there is a lack of good epidemiological data in this field, particularly data comparing risky driving in younger drivers to those of other age groups. We examined the relationship between risky driving habits, prior traffic convictions and motor vehicle ...
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