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Kent Richard - - 2009
Crash protection for an aging population is one of the primary drivers of contemporary passive safety research, yet estimates of the potential benefit of age-optimized systems have not been reported. This study estimates the number killed and injured in traffic crashes due to the age-related reduction in tolerance to loading. ...
Fell James C - - 2009
Alcohol involvement in fatal crashes (any driver with a blood alcohol concentration [BAC] = .01g/dL or greater) in 2007 was more than three times higher at night (6 p.m.-6 a.m.) than during the day (6 a.m.-6 p.m.) (62% versus 19%). Alcohol involvement was 35% during weekdays compared to 54% on ...
Desapriya Ediriweera - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: International studies have shown a significant association between alcohol availability and traffic crashes that involve alcohol-impaired drivers. A key limitation to previous alcohol availability and motor vehicle crash (MVC) evaluation research is the assumption of population homogeneity in responding to the policies. The present analysis focuses on the evaluation ...
Roudsari Bahman - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 8-year ethnic-specific declining trend in the proportion of alcohol-impaired driver deaths in the United States. METHODS: We used the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), which is a census of all fatal motor vehicle collisions occurring in public properties in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, ...
Vaca Federico - - 2009
The Latino Epidemiologic Paradox describes favorable health profiles for Latinos compared to non-Latino Whites (NLW) despite poverty, low education, and low access to health care. An anomaly to this paradox is increased mortality of Latino adolescent and emerging adult males. Previous research shows motor vehicle crash fatalities bear a considerable ...
Wood Joanne M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the driving difficulties of older adults using a detailed assessment of driving performance and to link this with self-reported retrospective and prospective crashes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: On-road driving assessment. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred sixty-seven community-living adults aged 70 to 88 randomly recruited through the electoral roll. ...
Anderson Kenton L - - 2011
Background: The Hispanic population is one group that is involved in a disproportionately high percentage of fatal motor vehicle collisions in the United States. Study Objectives: This study investigated demographic factors contributing to a lack of knowledge and awareness of traffic laws among Hispanic drivers involved in motor vehicle collisions ...
Ross Lesley A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate self-reported driving status within three Australian states; associations between demographic, health, and functional factors and driving status; and the extent to which remaining a driver in spite of cognitive and visual impairments varies as a function of sex. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of a pooled data set. ...
McLinton Sarven S - - 2010
We investigated the relationship between work stress arising from effort-reward imbalance at work (ERI) and driving anger in a community sample of workers in Nagoya, a mid-sized city in Japan. We hypothesised that ERI would exert a positive effect on driving anger via its influence on trait anger. The study ...
Davidse Ragnhild J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the extent to which driving performance of 10 older (70-88 years old) and 30 younger participants (30-50 years old) improves as a result of support by a driver assistance system. BACKGROUND: Various studies have indicated that advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) may provide tailored assistance for ...
Mohammadi Ghorbanali - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the crash and injury data in forensic medicine for years of 2004-2007. METHODS: A sample of over 567 accident cases (9 pedestrians, 116 bicyclists, and 442 motor vehicle occupants) was considered from the Department of Forensic Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, involving drivers of all ages ...
Drake S L - - 2009
There is tremendous variability in flavor profiles of sharp or aged U.S. cheddar cheese due to varied practices among commercial facilities and the lack of legal definitions for these terms. This study explored U.S. consumer perception and liking of commercial sharp or aged cheddar cheese profiles. Flavor profiles of 29 ...
Dubois Sacha - - 2010
Currently, most epidemiological research into the impact of opioid analgesics on road safety has focused on the association between opioid use and traffic crash occurrence. Yet, the role of opioid analgesics on crash responsibility is still not properly understood. Therefore, we examined the impact of opioid analgesics on drivers (all ...
Bowers Alex R - - 2009
This study was designed to examine the effect of homonymous hemianopia (HH) on detection of pedestrian figures in multiple realistic and hazardous situations within the controlled environment of a driving simulator. Twelve people with complete HH and without visual neglect or cognitive decline and 12 matched (age, sex, and years ...
Connor Jennie - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to estimate the burden of road traffic injury due to alcohol consumption by someone other than the injured party. We estimated the number and proportion of these traffic deaths and non-fatal traffic injuries, and the associated social costs, for a five-year period (2003-2007) in ...
Maloney Michael T - - 2009
We attempt to disentangle the effect on alcohol-related accidents and fatal crashes when New Mexico lifted its ban on Sunday packaged alcohol sales on July 1, 1995. Using crash incidents between January 1990 and December 2005, from data maintained by the Division of Government Research in New Mexico, we estimate ...
Horswill Mark S - - 2009
We examined differences in response latencies obtained during a validated video-based hazard perception driving test between three healthy, community-dwelling groups: 22 mid-aged (35-55 years), 34 young-old (65-74 years), and 23 old-old (75-84 years) current drivers, matched for gender, education level, and vocabulary. We found no significant difference in performance between ...
Rebok George W - - 2009
The associations of pilot error with the type of flight operations and basic weather conditions are well documented. The correlation between pilot characteristics and error is less clear. This study aims to examine whether pilot age is associated with the prevalence and patterns of pilot error in air taxi crashes. ...
Iribhogbe Pius Ehiawaguan - - 2009
There has been global concern regarding road traffic injuries. Motorcyclists constitute a high proportion of fatalities in road traffic crashes. Commercial motorcyclists (Okadas) constitute a unique group in this regard. The purpose of this study was to evaluate driver-related risk factors in Okada accidents in Benin City, Nigeria. This was ...
Bingham C Raymond - - 2009
Teens drink/drive less often than adults but are more likely to crash when they do drink/drive. This study identified alcohol-related crash types for which teen drivers were at greater risk compared with adults. Michigan State Police crash records for drivers ages 16-19 (teens) and 45-65 years (adults) who experienced at ...
Lowden Arne - - 2009
Young drivers are over-represented in nighttime traffic accidents and several studies have suggested that many accidents are associated with elevated sleepiness levels. It has been suggested that there may be a connection between lowered wake capacity and functional sensory motor skills on the one hand and sleep deprivation at the ...
Keay Lisa - - 2009
Our purpose was to determine visual and cognitive predictors for older drivers' failure to stop at stop signs. 1425 drivers aged between ages 67 and 87 residing in Salisbury Maryland were enrolled in a longitudinal study of driving. At baseline, the participants were administered a battery of vision and cognition ...
Caragata Nasvadi Glenyth - - 2009
PURPOSE: Faced with an aging driving population, interest is increasing in the use of restricted licenses or "graduated delicensing" for older drivers to allow them to safely retain a driver's license. The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether restricted licenses are successful at mitigating number of crashes ...
Bunn T L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective population-based case control study was conducted to determine whether semi truck driver age and gender and the presence of passengers affect the likelihood that a semi truck driver will be at fault in a semi truck collision (STC) with another vehicle. METHODS: Cases were identified as semi ...
McCartt Anne T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Although both youth and inexperience contribute to the elevated crash rates of teenage drivers, the relative contribution of these factors has not been firmly established. METHODS: A review was undertaken of eleven recent (1990 or newer) studies that tried to separate the crash effects of age and experience, represented ...
Radun Igor - - 2009
Fatigue is a major cause of road traffic accidents. However, due to the blurred concept of fatigue and the lack of reliable testing devices (cf. the breath analyzer for alcohol levels), it is extremely difficult to incorporate fatigue in operationalized terms into either traffic or criminal law. Even though the ...
Wallén Warner Henriette - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to examine if there are any cross-cultural differences between Swedish and Turkish drivers' rating of the variables in the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) with regard to complying with the speed limit. A sample of 219 Swedish and 252 Turkish drivers completed a ...
Kagami Shino - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Since 1991, the Japan Civil Aviation Bureau has allowed pilots over the age of 60 to continue flying for the airlines, subject to regular medical review. To date, we now have almost 18 yr of hands-on experience in the aeromedical assessment of senior pilots. This paper shares some of ...
Smith Simon S - - 2009
One driver skill that has been found to correlate with crash risk is hazard perception ability. The purpose of this study was to investigate how hazard perception latencies change between high and low sleepiness for a high risk group (novice drivers) and a lower risk group (experienced drivers). Thirty-two novice ...
Hasselberg Marie - - 2009
AIM: The study aims to clarify the most typical circumstances in which car crashes involving young drivers and leading to the occurrence of injuries and to consider the various licensing statuses of the drivers in such crashes. METHOD: Young Swedish drivers born between 1984 and 1986 were followed up in ...
Fell James C - - 2009
This study used a pre- to post-design to evaluate the influence on drinking-and-driving fatal crashes of 6 laws directed at youth aged 20 and younger and 4 laws targeting all drivers. Data on the laws were drawn from the Alcohol Policy Information System data set (1998 to 2005), the Digests ...
Kocazeybek Bekir - - 2009
Reflexes of drivers who have toxoplasmosis have been shown to deteriorate from the actions of the parasitic cysts. The cysts can change the level of the neurotransmitters such as dopamine in the brain and by doing so extend the muscle response time and change personality profiles. In this study, we ...
Sunnevang Cecilia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that current side airbags, protecting head and chest, are saving lives in near-side impacts (Kahane 2007; McCartt and Kyrychenko 2007). The aim of this study was to analyze NASS/CDS real-life data on fatal trauma in near-side car-to-car crashes, stratified by age into non-senior and senior ...
Mohammadi Ghorbanali - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Traffic accidents are one of the main external causes of morbidity and mortality in various parts of the world, including Kerman, a city that has experienced rapid growth in the number of cars in the last 5 years. The objective of this article was to identify the influence of ...
Kanaan Atef - - 2009
Most traffic accidents occur as a result of human dependent risk factors. The approach in this study focuses especially on health factors, which could have direct influence on these accidents. METHOD: A sample of 5430 and 2857 clinical histories were selected systematically from the total cases attended by the Emergency ...
Mohammadi Ghorbanali - - 2009
The objectives of this article were to identify the pattern of fatalities by age, belt use and time of day on road accidents of south-east Iran. A sample of over 3091 accident cases was considered from Kerman police forces, involving drivers of all ages, and covering a three-year period. Female ...
Routley Virginia - - 2009
The study aimed to establish characteristics of vehicles, occupants, seat belt and vehicle safety features for the Chinese cities of Nanjing and Zhoushan in order to interpret previously observed low seat belt wearing rates, particularly of passengers. Convenience interview surveys, stratified by vehicle and occupant type, of 2280 motor vehicle ...
Enache Alexandra - - 2009
AIM: We observed the most vulnerable parts of the human body in traffic accidents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was made on the cases of death in Timis region in the last 3 years (2005-2007). Out of a total of 2314 forensic autopsies, 407 were consequences of traffic accidents. RESULTS: ...
Lardelli-Claret Pablo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to break down the association of age, sex and seat belt use with risk of death for drivers of automobiles involved in a crash into two theoretical components: intrinsic severity of the crash and occupant resilience. METHODS: We studied all 84,338 pairs of drivers and ...
Boufous Soufiane - - 2009
AIM: To examine factors that contribute to the severity of work related crashes in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: Workers' Compensation data was linked to police crash records for the period 1998-2002. Multivariate analysis was carried out to assess the relationship between relevant risk factors and the severity of injury ...
Bennett Sean - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which curb ramps in an urban area met a set of wheelchair accessibility guidelines. METHOD: For each of 79 intersections in an urban area, we collected data about eight accessibility characteristics, based on existing guidelines. A total score (0-8) was calculated for each intersection, ...
Gyekye Seth Ayim - - 2009
The study examined the relationship between age and (i) safety perception; (ii) job satisfaction; (iii) compliance with safety management policies; and (iv) accident frequency. Participants were Ghanaian industrial workers (N=320) categorized into 4 age groups: 19-29 years; 30-39 years; 40-50 years; and 51 years and above. Workplace safety perception was ...
Lapostolle Annabelle - - 2009
A significant reduction in road traffic accidents has been observed since prevention measures were introduced by the French public authorities in 2002. The goals of this study are to describe the burden of road traffic accidents in a French Departement, and to identify changes if any between the periods 1997-2001 ...
Routley Virginia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine and validate patterns of seat belt use and attitudes of taxi drivers on wearing a seat belt following national and provincial seat belt legislation in 2004-2005. DESIGN: Roadside daylight seat belt observation and interview survey methods were used, as well as observations from inside taxis during routine ...
McDonald Noreen - - 2009
PROBLEM: Motor vehicle crashes are the most common cause of death for American adolescents. However, the impact of where teens live on when they begin driving has not been studied. METHOD: Data from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey were used to estimate the effect of residential density on the ...
Males Mike A - - 2009
U.S. teenaged and young-adult drivers' elevated rates of fatal traffic crash involvement typically are attributed to biological and developmental risk-taking associated with young age. However, young drivers differ from older ones along several sociodemographic dimensions, including higher poverty rates and greater concentration in poorer areas, which may contribute to their ...
Begg Dorothy J - - 2008
Previous research examining the relationship between adolescent problem behaviors and young adult traffic outcomes (crashes, convictions, risky driving) has produced differing results. Possible reasons for this may be the heterogeneity of the crash outcomes (from minor fender-benders to fatal crashes), the gender of the driver, and/or the age of the ...
Blackman Ross - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the suitability of Queensland's graduated licensing system in the context of rural and remote Queensland. DESIGN: Age-based comparison of crash data collected by the Rural and Remote Road Safety Study (RRRSS). SETTING: Rural and remote North Queensland. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 367 vehicle controllers aged 16 years ...
Guttinger Robin - - 2008
AIM: A 1993 study of blood lead levels (BLLs) in pre-schoolers living in Fremantle showed 25% had BLLs >or= 10 microg/dL. This study compares the 1993 BLLs with a sample of contemporary Fremantle pre-schoolers. METHODS: Pre-schoolers (0-5 years) living in the Fremantle area were recruited from hospital and community settings ...
Bao Shan - - 2009
The objective of this study was to examine age-related differences in visual scanning as drivers performed three separate maneuvers (going straight across, making a left and right turn) at two median-divided highway intersections with different crash frequencies. An on-road study was conducted with 60 drivers in three age groups: younger ...
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