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Lord Sarah - - 2010
BACKGROUND: All-terrain vehicle (ATV) use is increasingly popular among people of all ages. Although ATV use is known to cause significant morbidity due to head and neck trauma, there is a lack of published data detailing ATV-related fatalities. We examined all ATV-related fatalities in Ontario from 1996 - 2005 to ...
Ryb Gabriel E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) offset crash test ratings are linked to different mortality rates in real world frontal crashes. METHODS: The study used Crash Injury Research Engineering Network drivers of age older than 15 years who were involved in frontal crashes. The Crash ...
Ni Rui - - 2010
The present study examined age-related differences in car following performance when contrast of the driving scene was reduced by simulated fog. Older (mean age of 72.6) and younger (mean age of 21.1) drivers were presented with a car following scenario in a simulator in which a lead vehicle (LV) varied ...
Masten Scott V - - 2010
Several studies document the success of graduated driver licensing (GDL) systems in reducing young teen crash rates, but it is not yet clear whether any portion of the crash reduction is achieved by producing more capable drivers. The purpose of this study was to determine whether young teen drivers licensed ...
Bíl Michal - - 2010
This article evaluates, by means of multivariate regression, critical factors influencing the collisions of motor vehicles with adult (over 17 years) cyclists that result in fatal injury of cyclists. The analysis is based on the database of the Traffic Police of Czech Republic from the time period 1995-2007. The results ...
Assum Terje - - 2010
From January 1, 2001, the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit in Norway was reduced from 0.5 to 0.2 g/l. A before-and-after telephone survey concerning the effects of the reduced BAC limit was carried out. 3001 driver's license holders were interviewed before and after the amendment. The percentage of drivers ...
Hall Wayne D - - 2010
In the United States, policy experiments over a 20-year period have demonstrated that road crash deaths among young adults can be substantially reduced by raising the minimum legal drinking age to 21 years. A recent evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of policies for reducing alcohol-related harm in Australia found that, if ...
Nallet Nathalie - - 2010
The goal was to gain a picture of current driver behaviour, and of the links between committed violations and accident history. It was also to identify how driver behaviour has changed over the last 20 years. A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study of a sample of 1161 drivers about the frequency of ...
Hurwitz David S - - 2010
Backing crash injures can be severe; approximately 200 of the 2,500 reported injuries of this type per year to children under the age of 15 years result in death. Technology for assisting drivers when backing has limited success in preventing backing crashes. Two questions are addressed: Why is the reduction ...
Girasek Deborah C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between motor vehicle owners' socioeconomic status (SES) and the safety of their motor vehicles. METHODS: Truncated vehicle identification numbers (VINs) were obtained from the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration office. ZIP code-level income and educational data were assigned to each ...
Jones Sandra C - - 2010
ISSUE ADDRESSED: In Australia, more than one toddler per month dies from being run over in a driveway and many more are injured. While there is currently no regulation in Australia regarding reverse warning systems, the issue has been debated over the years following several high profile cases. METHODS: A ...
Chen H Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Little has been published on changes in young driver fatality rates over time. This paper examines differences in Australian young driver fatality rates over the last decade, examining important risk factors including place of residence and socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: Young driver (17-25years) police-recorded passenger vehicle crashes were extracted ...
Juri? Mario - - 2010
The traffic accidents became the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among young population groups during the late 60s and early 70s. Among several European countries that are in transition, Bosnia and Herzegovina takes the leading place in fatal traffic accidents. In this study we have investigated knowledge, attitudes and ...
Anderson Beth M - - 2010
In the United States, one in six teenagers has driven under the influence of marijuana. Driving under the influence of marijuana and alcohol is equally prevalent, despite the fact that marijuana use is less common than alcohol use. Much of the research examining the effects of marijuana on driving performance ...
Borowsky Avinoam - - 2010
This study examined the effects of age and driving experience on the ability to detect hazards while driving; namely, hazard perception. Studies have shown that young-inexperienced drivers are more likely than experienced drivers to suffer from hazard perception deficiencies. However, it remains to be determined if this skill deteriorates with ...
Henderson Steven - - 2010
Motion contrast thresholds for 0.4cycle/degree drifting Gabor stimuli were assessed at 15 degrees eccentricity in the right and left visual fields for 16 younger drivers (ages 24-42), and 15 older drivers (ages 65-84), using a temporal two-alternative forced choice staircase procedure. Two self-report questionnaires that assess failures of attention while ...
Blanchard Robin A - - 2010
Several studies have shown that age, gender, visual problems and confidence are associated with self-regulatory practices such as reduced exposure and avoidance of night and highway driving. To date, however, self-regulation has only been examined through self-report. The purpose of this study was to further our understanding of the association ...
Martin Pierre-Luc - - 2010
Our objectives were to determine the effects of age and direction of appearance of an obstacle on the minimum obstacle distance to brake and avoid a motor vehicle accident. Ten younger and 10 older drivers were tested in a custom-made driving simulator using an animation of a straight suburban road. ...
Tsai Virginia W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Young men have greater representation in fatal alcohol-related crashes. Recent studies of young women and risky behaviours have raised concerns about the implications this may have for alcohol-related fatal crashes. The objective of this study was to investigate the representation of young female drivers in US alcohol-involved fatal crashes ...
Sivak Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the associations of body mass index (BMI), gender, and use of safety belts with the survival of drivers involved in fatal road crashes. METHOD: The census data of all U.S. fatal crashes that did not involve pedestrians, bicyclists, or motorcyclists were examined for an 11-year period. ...
Chen H Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article was to explore overall crash and injury trends over the past decade for young drivers residing in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, including gender and age disparities. METHODS: Passenger vehicle crashes for drivers aged 17-25 occurring during 1997-2007 were extracted from the state crash ...
Williams Allan F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate New Jersey's unique combination of a higher licensing age and a strong GDL system applicable to all novice drivers. METHODS: Population-based crash rates for drivers of ages potentially affected by GDL were compared, pre- and post-GDL implementation, with those of adults ...
Clarke David D - - 2010
A sample of over 2000 crashes involving drivers aged 60 years or over was considered, from three UK midland police forces, from the years 1994-2007 inclusive. Each case was summarized on a database including the main objective features (such as time and place), a summary narrative, a sketch plan and ...
Holland Carol - - 2010
Adult pedestrian accident data has demonstrated that the risk of being killed or seriously injured varies with age and gender. A range of factors affecting road crossing choices of 218 adults aged 17-90+ were examined in a simulation study using filmed real traffic. With increasing age, women were shown to ...
Zepf Kirsten Isabel - - 2010
Due to accident severity and the extent of claim payments commuting accidents are a significant expense factor in the German industry. Therefore the aim of the present study was the identification of risk factors for commuting accidents in a German chemical company. A retrospective analysis of commuting accidents recorded between ...
Zuzewicz Krystyna - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the paper was to present the results of an analysis of road accidents in professional drivers in Poland, from the point of view of their age, tenure, accident causes and effects in relation to the time of the accidents they were involved in. METHOD: Data were ...
Sahraei Elham - - 2010
Effectiveness of the rear seat in protecting occupants of different age groups in frontal crashes for 2000-2009 model years (MY) of vehicles was estimated and compared to 1990-1999 model years of vehicles. The objective was to determine the effectiveness of the rear seat compared to the front seat for various ...
Marshall Rafael - - 2010
This study used NHTSA NASS/CDS data to examine whether advancing age was associated with a higher incidence and severity of front airbag-related upper extremity injury (UEI). Using a retrospective cohort design we analyzed weighted data from 1998-2007 for. The study population consisted of lap/shoulder belted people over 16 years of ...
Foreman Stephen M - - 2010
The authors hypothesized the attrition rate of licensed chiropractors in California has gradually increased over the past several decades. "Attrition" as determined for this study is defined as a loss of legal authority to practice chiropractic for any reason during the first 10 years after the license was issued. The ...
Soderstrom Carl A - - 2010
In all fifty United States and the District of Columbia, police Requests for Re-examination (RRE) concerning fitness to driver are accepted by licensing agencies. This study assessed licensing outcomes of senior drivers, ≥75 years of age, who had RREs submitted to the Medical Advisory Board (MAB) of a Maryland Motor ...
Kaewboonchoo Orawan - - 2010
This study aimed to clarify the role of blood lead level (Pb-B) as one of the cardiovascular risk factors. To evaluate the cardiovascular risk the second derivative finger photoplethysmogram (SDPTG) was used. The subjects comprised of 420 male bus drivers in Thailand. The subjects' age ranged from 20 to 60 ...
Siliquini Roberta - - 2010
Young individuals are the age group with the highest risk of car accidents. One of main explanations relies on the use of psychoactive substances (alcohol, illegal and medicinal drugs), which are known to be major risk factors of road accidents, and whose consumption is almost universally more common among younger ...
Kumar S Ganesh - - 2010
Occupational accidents are a major point of concern in industries. The academic community should take the first step to address the long-neglected concerns of occupational safety. To assess the prevalence and pattern of occupational accidents. A record-based, cross-sectional study was done in three tile factories of Mangalore city, in Karnataka. ...
Taubman-Ben-Ari Orit - - 2010
Four studies were conducted in order to develop and validate a multidimensional instrument to assess attitudes toward accompanied driving among young drivers. Study 1 (n=841) focused on developing the Attitudes Toward Accompanied Driving Scale (ATADS), a self-report scale based on five previously conceptualized domains of attitudes. Factor analysis revealed the ...
Clarke David D - - 2010
Road traffic accidents are responsible for over 3000 deaths per year in the UK, according to Department for Transport (2004a) figures. Although progress is being made in a number of areas, vehicle occupant fatalities have not been falling in line with casualty reduction targets for the year 2010. A sample ...
Blagosklonny Mikhail V - - 2009
This article discusses that the traditional analogy of an aging organism with a rusting (albeit self-repairing) car is misleading. The true analogy is a speeding car that enters a low-speed zone and damages itself because it does not and cannot slow down. For such a car without brakes (and actually ...
Gosselin Dominique - - 2010
We describe a large cross-sectional study examining comparative optimism (CO) regarding the risk of car crash in three age cohorts (17-26, 27-64, 65 and older). The participants completed a questionnaire in which they were asked to indicate their personal risk of being in an at-fault crash over nine driving related ...
Wall Erika - - 2009
This study examines if, and how, the size of the community in which people live may contribute to explaining differences in traffic safety behaviour (self-reported behaviour regarding the use of seat belts, bicycle helmets and reflectors) among young people in Sweden. The study is based on a Swedish nationwide traffic ...
Sivak Michael - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the United States, traffic fatality rates per distance driven vary greatly from state to state, with the maximum rate being 2.9 times the minimum rate. This study was designed to examine factors associated with this variability. METHOD: A multiple regression was performed on the 2006 state data. The ...
McDowell Anna - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent and type of self-reported unlicensed car driving and reasons given for driving before getting a license among Maori drivers in urban and rural areas of New Zealand. METHOD: Participants included 824 people of self-identified Maori ethnicity. The ages ranged from 15 to 65 years, with ...
Domingues Simone Cristina Aires - - 2009
This study correlated the executive frontal functions with blood alcohol concentration (BAC) in night drivers in a Brazilian city. Of 592 drivers randomly recruited between December 17, 2005 and May 5, 2006, during nighttime hours on main streets or avenues with intense vehicle traffic in Vitória, Brazil, 444 had the ...
Jaffe Dena H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of alcohol in driver fatalities in Israel is unknown, and monitoring blood alcohol concentration among drivers is not routine. Moreover, over the past decade, self-reported access to and consumption of alcohol in Israel has been on the rise. OBJECTIVES: To use available data to characterize alcohol-related driver ...
Lahausse Julie A - - 2009
This study conducted a cost-benefit analysis of an alcohol ignition interlock device in preventing alcohol-related fatalities and serious injuries when installed in all newly registered vehicles in Australia. Benefit-cost ratios (BCRs) were calculated by comparing the benefits associated with the number of road injuries the interlock was predicted to save ...
Kelley Courtney C Galliger - - 2010
The goal of this study was to examine whether the drive for thinness and the drive for muscularity occur concurrently among late adolescents and to understand the body attitudes associated with desiring a thinner and/or a more muscular physique. Participants included 235 college freshmen who participated in a larger study ...
Begg Dorothy - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the opinions of newly licensed drivers towards the minimum age of car driver licensing, and reasons for getting a licence. METHOD: The New Zealand Drivers Study (NZDS) is a prospective cohort study of 3992 newly licensed car drivers in New Zealand, recruited between 1 February 2006 and ...
Martin A J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has been established internationally that road traffic accidents (RTAs) involving older drivers follow clearly different patterns of timing, location and outcomes from those of younger age groups. Older pedestrians are also a vulnerable group and fewer analyses have been undertaken of the phenomenology of their injuries and fatalities. ...
Duke Janine - - 2010
With Australia facing a looming shortage of heavy vehicle drivers the question is raised as to whether it is desirable or prudent to encourage older professional heavy vehicle drivers to remain in the transport sector for longer, particularly those of heavy vehicles or recruit drivers of a younger age. AIM: ...
Bedford D - - 2009
No official data are provided in Ireland to indicate what proportion of the deaths on Irish roads have alcohol as a contributory factor. The aim of this study was to identify the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) in fatally injured drivers and pedestrians in Ireland. An Garda Síochána (The Irish police) ...
Lovenheim Michael F - - 2010
There is a sizeable literature on the effect of minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) restrictions on teenage drunk driving. This paper adds to the literature by examining the effect of MLDA evasion across states with different alcohol restrictions. Using state-of-the-art GIS software and micro-data on fatal vehicle accidents from 1977 ...
Cheng Hai - - 2009
230Th-dated oxygen isotope records of stalagmites from Sanbao Cave, China, characterize Asian Monsoon (AM) precipitation through the ends of the third- and fourthmost recent ice ages. As a result, AM records for the past four glacial terminations can now be precisely correlated with those from ice cores and marine sediments, ...
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