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Van Dyck Delfien - - 2011
The study's aims were to examine whether residential self-selection differed according to socio-demographic characteristics and objectively assessed neighborhood walkability; and, whether objectively assessed walkability was a significant correlate of physical activity (PA) beyond residential self-selection. In total, 412 adults (aged 20-65 years) completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the long IPAQ, a ...
Swanson Kenda C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the relative contributions of physical activity (PA) and driving behaviour on weight status is limited. This study examined the associations between driving and PA behaviour and weight status among Canadian adults. METHODS: A random cross-section of Calgarian adults (n=1026) completed a telephone-interview and a self-administered questionnaire. Weekly ...
Reed Julian A - - 2011
To examine demographic characteristics and physical activity (PA) behaviors of trail users on a newly constructed 2-mile urban rail/trail (ie, abandoned rail line converted to a recreational trail). A systematic evaluation process was initiated to monitor PA behaviors using the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC). Slightly ...
Ornelas Rui T - - 2011
Background: Several variables, such as waist circumference (WC) and trunk skinfolds (TS), are indicators of body fat. There is interest in evaluating the effect of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) measures on changes in these markers from childhood to adolescence. Purpose: To examine CRF as a potential predictor of changes in body ...
Wen Xiao Jun - - 2011
Most ischemic heart disease (IHD) prevention programs that promote physical activity (PA) have focused on overweight/obese populations. Persons with normal body mass index (BMI) may mistakenly think that they are not at risk for IHD and remain physically inactive. Studies exploring the risk of IHD and PA level among adults ...
Kwon Soyang - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the association between daily light-intensity physical activity (LPA) and total body fat mass changes during childhood. The study sample was 577 children participating in the longitudinal Iowa Bone Development Study. Body fat mass and physical activity (PA) were measured using dual ...
Hallal Pedro C PC Post-graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, - - 2011
To explore cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between self-reported and accelerometry-based physical activity (PA) and blood pressure (BP) between 11 and 14 years of age. Prospective birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil. Participants were 427 cohort members who were followed up with at 11, 12, and 14 years of age, and ...
Lisha Nadra E NE Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Alhambra, CA, USA. - - 2011
Understanding moderators of the relationship between physical activity (PA) and alcohol use is important for clarifying the mechanisms underlying these behaviors and informing health promotion interventions. This study examined age and gender as two candidate moderators of the PA-alcohol use link. As part of a correlational, cross-sectional population-based study of ...
den Hoed C M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is the main risk-factor for gastric cancer through a cascade from gastritis through atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM), dysplasia (DYS) to malignancy. The presence of these lesions in the general population predicts the gastric cancer incidence in the coming decades. Prevalence data are mostly obtained from ...
Breen M M Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (CENTER), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2011
A non-invasive single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) method was developed and validated to measure gastric volumes (GV). The natural variation in gastric volume responses and performance characteristics of SPECT imaging are unclear. The primary aim of this study was to assess the performance characteristics of SPECT imaging by estimating ...
Mantovani Rafael M - - 2011
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) has been considered as a cardiovascular risk factor, mainly because of its strong association with insulin resistance. To detect independent predictors of circulating PAI-1 levels in obese pediatric patients, we evaluated 86 subjects (mean age 10.7 +/- 2.8 years), 42 of whom were male (49%). Subjects ...
Nishida Yuichiro - - 2011
Background and Objective Physical activity (PA) is considered an important approach to prevent and treat obesity and hyperuricemia. The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of PA intensity and aerobic fitness on anthropometric indices and serum uric acid in obese individuals. Methods PA was examined using ...
Anderson-Bill Eileen Smith - - 2011
Part one of this study investigated the effect of aging on social-cognitive characteristics related to physical activity (PA) among adults in the baseline phase of a health promotion intervention. Participants' questionnaire responses and activity logs indicated PA levels and self-efficacy declined with age, while social support and the use of ...
Hooker Steven P - - 2011
Few interventions have targeted preventive health behaviors of midlife and older African American (AA) men. This study derived pertinent information with personal interviews to develop a tailored physical activity (PA) intervention for AA men -45 years of age. Participants were 49 AA men aged 45-88 years. Personal interviews ascertained PA ...
Dickerson Justin B - - 2011
While much is known about the benefits of physical activity (PA) and the consequence of sedentary behaviors relative to body mass index (BMI), little is known about the homogeneity of these effects across individuals. The goal of this study was to determine if PA and sedentary behaviors have the same ...
Finne Emily - - 2011
Physical activity (PA) shows a marked decline during adolescence. Some studies have pointed to pubertal status or timing as possible PA determinants in this age group. Furthermore, it was supposed that the impact of pubertal changes on PA might be mediated by psychological variables like body dissatisfaction (BDS). The 11- ...
Marques-Vidal Pedro - - 2011
to assess the levels and determinants of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α and C-reactive protein (CRP) in a healthy Caucasian population. population sample of 2884 men and 3201 women aged 35 to 75. IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were assessed by a multiplexed particle-based flow cytometric assay and CRP ...
Hanibuchi Tomoya - - 2011
Although many studies have reported the association between neighborhood built environment (BE) and physical activity (PA), less is known about the associations for older populations or in countries besides the US and Australia. The aim of this paper is to examine the associations for older adult populations in Japan. Our ...
Hart Teresa L TL Department of Health Sciences, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona, - - 2011
The number of days of pedometer or accelerometer data needed to reliably assess physical activity (PA) is important for research that examines the relationship with health. While this important research has been completed in young to middle-aged adults, data is lacking in older adults. Further, data determining the number of ...
- - 2010
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teens in the United States, accounting for approximately one third of deaths in this age group. Crash risk is highest during the first years of independent driving. To characterize trends in fatal crashes involving drivers aged 16 or 17 years, ...
Haack Robert A - - 2010
Firewood is a major pathway for the inadvertent movement of bark- and wood-infesting insects. After discovery of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in southeastern Michigan in 2002, quarantines were enacted including prohibition of transporting firewood across the Mackinac Bridge between Michigan's Lower and Upper peninsulas. Drivers are required to surrender ...
Afukaar Francis K - - 2010
We conducted an observational survey of seat belt use to determine the use rate of drivers and front-right passengers of vehicles in Kumasi, Ghana. Unobtrusive observations of seat belt use were made at 41 locations composed of signalized intersections and roundabouts where vehicles come to a halt or slow down ...
Chakravarthy Bharath - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to explore the relationship between pedestrian injuries and socioeconomic characteristics. METHODS: Pedestrian collisions were identified in the data of the California Statewide Integrated Traffic Records System (SWITRS), which is assembled from police crash reports by the California Highway Patrol Information Services Unit. Four ...
Preece Megan H W - - 2011
Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the effect of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on drivers' ability to anticipate traffic hazards. Slower anticipation of hazards has been associated with higher crash rates, but this driving skill has never been assessed after TBI. Methods The anticipatory ability of 31 ...
Raffel Thomas R - - 2011
The manner in which parasite intensity and aggregation varies with host age can provide insights into parasite dynamics and help identify potential means of controlling infections in humans and wildlife. A significant challenge is to distinguish among competing mechanistic hypotheses for the relationship between age and parasite intensity or aggregation. ...
Mann Robert E - - 2010
The purpose of the current study was to examine differences in factors associated with self-reported collision involvement of three age groups of drivers based on a large representative sample of Ontario adults. This study was based on data from the CAMH Monitor, an ongoing cross-sectional telephone survey of Ontario adults ...
Rosenbloom Tova - - 2011
The present study aims to compare differences in reported risky driving behaviors of drivers - males and females - having and not having Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), by using a checklist of driving behaviors based on the Driving Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ). Unlike the studies which employ the DBQ by ...
Chi Guangqing - - 2011
This study investigates the relationship between changing gasoline prices and drunk-driving crashes. Specifically, we examine the effects of gasoline prices on drunk-driving crashes in Mississippi by several crash types and demographic groups at the monthly level from 2004 to 2008, a period experiencing great fluctuation in gasoline prices. An exploratory ...
Ericsson Y B - - 2011
Our purpose was to examine self-efficacy of knee function, physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in post-meniscectomy patients and controls as well as to explore the impact of gender and the association between outcomes. Ninety-nine post-meniscectomy patients (27% women), mean age 44.5 years, mean (range) of follow-up ...
Broome Kieran - - 2010
This article presents the results of a study on the barriers and facilitators to bus use for people aged 60 or older. Two complementary methodologies, nominal group technique and focussed ethnography, were used to identify barriers and facilitators and rank their importance. Two sample sites from Queensland, Australia, were selected, ...
Nischler Christian - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence and association of different types and severities of cataract or pseudophakia with visual impairments in older European drivers. METHODS: In this prospective European multicenter study, 2211 active drivers, 45 years of age and older, participated in an ophthalmologic examination, the measurement of visual functions, and ...
Rivis Amanda - - 2010
Objective The present study examined the predictive utility of constructs specified by the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and prototype willingness model (PWM) for young and older male drivers' willingness to drive while intoxicated. Design and methods A cross-sectional questionnaire was employed. Two hundred male drivers, recruited via a street ...
Zhao Guozhen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Drinking and driving is a primary cause of traffic fatalities and it has been suggested that binge drinkers comprise a major portion of those drivers involved in drinking and driving accidents. Although several experimental studies have investigated the driving behavior of binge drinkers (particularly college students and/or young adults) ...
Mohaymany Afshin Shariat - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most important driver characteristics influencing crash-causing overtaking maneuvers on 2-lane, 2-way rural roads of Iran. METHODS: Based on the crash data for rural roads of Iran over 3 years from 2006 to 2008, the classification and regression tree (CART) method combined with the quasi-induced exposure concept ...
Bowers Alex R AR Schepens Eye Research Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2010
The hypothesis that drivers with homonymous hemianopia (HH) would take a lane position that increased the safety margin on their blind side was tested with a driving simulator. Twelve participants with HH (six right HH and six left; nine men; mean age, 50 years; range 31-72), and 12 matched current ...
Mohammadi Ghorbanali - - 2012
Road traffic injuries and fatalities are increasing in Kerman, Iran. The study included all road traffic crashes recorded by traffic police forces located in west, northwest and south rural roads between 2005 and 2007 in Kerman city. According to the data, road traffic crashes were the main causes of injuries ...
Bartley Mairead - - 2010
the associations between transportation, driving and successful ageing are as yet poorly understood. As longitudinal studies are the best methodology for clarifying associations and relationships between health, ageing and environmental factors, we sought to determine how transportation is incorporated into longitudinal studies, and which aspects are assessed. of 55 longitudinal ...
Al Marzooqi Ali Hassan - - 2010
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are among the leading causes of mortality in Dubai, and the burden of the problem on the health system is vast. This study aims to explore trends in road traffic accidents and to identify the most common factors associated with RTIs. A cross-sectional study was conducted ...
Adler Geri - - 2010
Concerns about the driving competence of older drivers have led to policy discussions about mandatory aged-based and disorder-based assessments. This study explored the attitudes, beliefs, and preferences of older adults, law enforcement officers, and licensing authorities toward reexamination of driving skills for persons with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease ...
Myers John R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tractor overturn deaths have been recognized as a public health concern for decades. Studies have reported on the hazards associated with tractor overturns, but none have reported on trends in tractor overturn fatality rates in the United States (US). METHODS: Tractor overturn fatality data from the Bureau of Labor ...
Rice Thomas M - - 2010
Objective To determine whether either the inclusion of adults in matched cohort studies of passenger vehicle occupants or modification of age effects by collision severity biases child restraint risk ratios biases estimate of child restraint effectiveness. Methods Monte Carlo data simulations were conducted to represent 10 000 collision-involved vehicles carrying a ...
Lewis-Evans Ben - - 2010
The New Zealand Graduated Driver Licensing System (GDLS) is designed to allow novice drivers to gain driving experience under conditions of reduced risk. To examine the effectiveness of the GDLS, an analysis of how the crash involvement of novice drivers changes as drivers move through the GDLS was undertaken. Crash ...
Voas Robert B RB Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3111, USA. - - 2010
To evaluate a new method being used by some states for motivating interlock installation by requiring it as a prerequisite to reinstatement of the driver's license. The driving records of Florida DWI offenders convicted between July 2002 and June 2008 were analyzed to determine the proportion of offenders subject to ...
Paleti Rajesh - - 2010
In this paper, we capture the moderating effect of aggressive driving behavior while assessing the influence of a comprehensive set of variables on injury severity. In doing so, we are able to account for the indirect effects of variables on injury severity through their influence on aggressive driving behavior, as ...
McCartt Anne T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the current study was to quantify the effects of the strength of US state graduated driver licensing laws and specific licensing components on the rate of teenage driver fatal crash involvements per 100,000 teenagers during 1996-2007. The strengths of state laws were rated good, fair, marginal, ...
Drake Christopher - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the risk of DMV documented crashes as a function of physiological sleepiness in a population-based sample. 24-hour laboratory assessment (nocturnal polysomnogram and daytime MSLT) and 10-year crash rate based on DMV obtained accident records. 618 individuals (mean age = 41.6 +/- 12.8; ...
Carlsson Fredrik - - 2010
One of the more difficult ethical questions from a public decision-making perspective is whether the estimation of benefits from risk reducing projects should be influenced by factors such as age groups and risk domains. For example, should a project that saves the lives of elderly people be assigned a more ...
Baird Sara - - 2010
Older drivers are increasing in number and they often have health conditions that place them at high risk for motor vehicle crashes. The aims of this study were to: (i) evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of screening inpatients and outpatients over the age of 60 years for age-related driving disorders; ...
Trick Lana M - - 2010
Research on how older drivers react to natural challenges in the driving environment is relevant for both the research on mental workload and that on age-related compensation. Older adults (M age=70.8 years) were tested in a driving simulator to assess the impact of three driving challenges: a visibility challenge (clear ...
Dawson Jeffrey D JD Department of Biostatistics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA. - - 2010
To identify neuropsychological factors associated with driving errors in older adults. Cross-sectional observational study. Neuropsychological assessment laboratory and an instrumented vehicle on a 35-mile route on urban and rural roads. One hundred eleven older adult drivers (aged 65-89; mean age 72.3) and 80 middle-aged drivers (aged 40-64; mean age 57.2). ...
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