Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1663
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Rauchenzauner Markus - - 2007
This study aimed to establish sex- and age-specific reference curves enabling the calculation of z-scores and to examine correlations between bone markers and anthropometric data. Morning blood samples were obtained from 572 healthy children and adolescents (300 boys) aged 2 months to 18 yr. Height, weight, and pubertal stage were ...
Ohtani Susumu - - 2007
We investigated the racemisation ratio of aspartic acid (Asp) in alveolar bone. In addition, we designed and created a new column to detect Asp in a short period of time, which allowed us to detect d-Asp and l-Asp separately from each other within 5min. Comparing identical ages, the racemisation ratio ...
Leslie M A - - 2006
Determination of the bicarbonate retention factor (BRF) is an important step during development of the indicator amino acid oxidation technique for use in a new model. A series of 4-h oxidation experiments were performed to determine the BRF of broilers aged 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, and 42 d using ...
Zulauf-Fischer I - - 2006
It is known that female birds increase medullary mineral stores in long bones shortly before egg laying. Here, we present results from two groups of budgerigars, in both of which females had significantly higher bone mineral contents and densities, as measured by peripheral quantitative computed tomography of the tibiotarsus, during ...
Lorentzon Mattias - - 2007
CONTEXT: Smoking has previously been associated with reduced areal bone mineral density (aBMD) in elderly subjects, but the association remains controversial in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether smoking was associated with aBMD or volumetric BMD (vBMD) and bone size in young men. DESIGN AND ...
Kaptoge S S Institute of Public Health and Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB1 8RN, United Kingdom - - 2007
Little is known of associations between hip geometry and skeletal regulators. This is important because geometry is a determinant of both hip function and resistance to fracture. We aimed to determine the effects of sex hormone status and other candidate regulators on hip geometry and strength. A random sample of ...
Tommasini Steven M - - 2007
Understanding how growth influences adult bone morphology and tissue quality should provide important insight into why females show a greater incidence of stress fractures early in life and fragility fractures later in life compared to males. The objective of this study was to test whether females acquire similar tissue-level mechanical ...
Vicente-Rodriguez G - - 2007
We compared 35 prepubertal girls, 9 artistic gymnasts and 13 rhythmic gymnasts with 13 nonphysically active controls to study the effect of gymnastics on bone and muscle mass. Lean mass, bone mineral content and areal density were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and physical fitness was also assessed. The ...
Giusti A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPTH) in a population of community-dwelling and institutionalized older adults hospitalized with and without hip fracture, and to evaluate factors correlated with secondary HPTH in this population. METHODS: Circulating concentrations of serum intact PTH, 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] total serum calcium ...
Nyman Jeffry S JS Department of Mechanical Engineering and Biomechanics, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, - - 2006
Collagen crosslinks are important to the quality of bone and may be contributors to the age-related increase in bone fracture. This study was performed to investigate whether age and gender effects on collagen crosslinks are similar in osteonal and interstitial bone tissues. Forty human cadaveric femurs were collected and divided ...
Hansen Torsten - - 2006
Erosion of the bone is a common problem in patients suffering from infected osteoradionecrosis (IORN) or bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis (BON). Besides inflammatory mechanisms and infectious agents, osteoclasts were recently suggested to be specifically involved in the osteolytic mechanisms. We therefore investigated the immunohistochemical labeling of the cysteine proteinase cathepsin K, which ...
Jaime Patrícia Constante - - 2006
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis and fragility fractures are an important public health problem. Although bone loss occurs with age universally, the incidence of bone loss fractures varies greatly between racial groups. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between calcium, protein and energy intake and the bone ...
Krmpotić-Nemanić Jelena - - 2006
We investigated age-related spatial relations of the osseous epipharynx--the region between the vomer and the anterior border of the great occipital foramen (basion) on 60 skulls of both sexes: 16 adult (age range 21-59 years), 19 aged (age range 60-86 years), and macerated occipital bones, sphenoid bones, and vomers in ...
Doppler Stefanie - - 2006
Human bone micromorphology gives clues to a variety of life history parameters, such as individual age, health status, and physical activity. In the course of an ongoing study, thin cross sections of femoral compact bone from three skeletal series are investigated for different purposes. The first series consists of 103 ...
Martinez-Cummer M A - - 2006
Although there are several techniques currently available to assess skeletal integrity in live birds, few offer important features for application in a commercial setting, offering ease of use and moderate cost. Quantitative ultrasonography (QUS) is an established technique for diagnosis of osteoporosis in humans and horses that has potential application ...
Ahmed Naseer - - 2006
In order to improve measurement precision and decrease minimum detectable limit, recent applications of K-shell X-ray fluorescence (KXRF) bone lead measurement have used shorter source-to-sample (S-S) distances (approximately 0.5 cm) than the traditionally standard values ranging between 2.0 and 3.0 cm. This alteration will have an effect on subject radiation ...
Mészáros Szilvia - - 2006
Reference databases play a key role in the management of osteoporosis. The aim of this preliminary study was to compare the diagnostic consequences of using either an international or a local reference database in peripheral densitometry. For this purpose, standard curves for bone mineral density (measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry ...
Wang X X Department of Mechanical Engineering and Biomechanics, The University of Texas at San Antonio, 6900 North Loop 1604 West, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA. - - 2007
A scratch test using a nanoindentation system was proposed in this study to assess the age-related changes in the in situ toughness of bone matrix at ultrastructural levels. A tissue removal energy density (u(r)) was defined and estimated as the work done by the scratch (U(T)) divided by the total ...
Ryan Timothy M - - 2006
Ontogenetic changes in the human femur associated with the acquisition of bipedal locomotion, especially the development of the bicondylar angle, have been well documented. The purpose of this study is to quantify changes in the three-dimensional structure of trabecular bone in the human proximal femur in relation to changing functional ...
Kanbur Nuray Oksüz - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between dental age and bone age in Turkish adolescents with constitutional delay of growth and compare them with a group of normal, healthy adolescents. Left hand and wrist radiographs and dental panaromic radiographs of 33 adolescents (25 boys and 8 ...
Oral Aydan - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the bone status of dancers using calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS). Twenty-four male and 26 female dancers (aged 19-36 years) and 100 age- and sex-matched nonathletic controls were included in this study. QUS parameters (broadband ultrasound attenuation [BUA], speed of sound [SOS], quantitative ...
Thomas C David L - - 2006
This study investigated the relative contributions of pore size and pore density (number of pores per mm2) to porosity in the midshaft of the human femur. Cross-sections were obtained from 168 individuals from a modern Australian population (mostly Anglo-Celtic). The study group comprised 73 females and 95 males, aged from ...
Yerramshetty Janardhan S - - 2006
The temporal and spatial fluctuations in the dynamics of secondary osteonal remodeling impart heterogeneity to the compositional quality of bone. Bone mineral density (BMD) fails to reflect this heterogeneity as being a single score, and thus it cannot resolve the overlap between healthy individuals and those who experience fractures. Such ...
Pettinato Andrea A AA Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2006
Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) evaluation of bone is attractive for evaluating skeletal status in adolescents, but its use is limited in the United States due to sparse pediatric reference data. This study evaluated associations between radial and tibial speed of sound (SOS) measurements via QUS and demographic, anthropometric and nutritional variables. ...
Böttcher Joachim - - 2006
This study presents German reference data for digital X-ray radiogrammetry (DXR) differentiated by males as well as females, and quantifies for gender-specific and age-related differences including all DXR parameters. This study also documents the effects of different X-ray settings (e.g., radiographs of the wrist or the hand) on DXR measurements. ...
Chen Wei-Tsung - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the marrow lipid water ratio (LWR) and spectral line width (LW) of lumbar vertebra by proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) and correlate with the marrow blood perfusion (MBP) by contrast-enhanced dynamic MRI (dMRI) in female subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 female subjects were included. ...
Khadilkar V V - - 2006
The aim of our study was to determine the pattern of female reproductive organ growth in Indian girls from birth to 18 years of age and to correlate the uterine length, mean ovarian volume (MOV) and Fundo Cervical Ratio (FCR) with chronological age, bone age and pubertal breast staging. A ...
Cooper David M L - - 2006
This study employed microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) as a novel means for visualizing the morphology and quantifying the range (length) of basic multicellular unit (BMU)-related resorption spaces in human cortical bone. We tested the hypotheses that the density and range of spaces vary with age and sex. The sample included 82 ...
Sigurdsson Gunnar - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: It is important to identify possible pathological mechanisms that underlie the known sexual dimorphism in bone fragility in old age. In this cross-sectional population-based study, we use data from three different skeletal sites to examine sex differences in volumetric bone density, geometry and strength indices and determine whether sex ...
Hein Gert E - - 2006
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) are chemical modifications of proteins by carbohydrates including those metabolic intermediates formed during the Maillard reaction. The generation of AGEs is an inevitable process in vivo. AGEs constitute a heterogeneous class of compounds characterized by brown color, fluorescence and a tendency to polymerize. These unique compounds ...
Hamrick Mark W - - 2006
The mechanisms underlying age-related loss of muscle and bone tissue are poorly understood but are thought to involve changes in sex hormone status, physical activity, and circulating levels of inflammatory cytokines. This study attempts to develop an animal model useful for evaluating these mechanisms in vivo. Male C57BL/6 mice were ...
Cho Helen - - 2006
This study employs regression analysis to explore population and sex differences in the pattern of age-associated bone loss, as reflected by histomorphometric variables that are measures of intracortical and endocortical bone remodeling. A comparison of an African American sample from the Washington Park Cemetery in St. Louis, Missouri, and a ...
Bonkowski Michael S - - 2006
There is conflicting information on the physiological role of growth hormone (GH) in the control of aging. This study reports dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements of body composition and bone characteristics in young, adult, and aged long-lived GH receptor knockout (GHR-KO) and normal mice to determine the effects of GH ...
Daly Robin M - - 2006
The long-term effects of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone material and structural properties in older men are not known. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of high calcium (1000 mg/day)- and vitamin-D(3) (800 IU/day)-fortified milk on cortical and trabecular volumetric BMD (vBMD) and bone ...
Ackerman Alexandra - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Understanding factors influencing bone mineral accrual is critical to optimize peak bone mass during childhood. The epidemic of pediatric obesity and reported higher incident of fracture risk in obese children led us to study the influence of fat mass on bone mineral content (BMC) in children. RESEARCH METHODS AND ...
Fiorito Laura M LM Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, - - 2006
We examined longitudinally the association between calcium intake and total body bone mineral content (TBBMC) in 151 non-Hispanic white girls. Intakes of dairy, energy, and calcium were assessed using three 24-h dietary recalls in girls at ages 5, 7, 9, and 11 y. We assessed their total-body bone mineral content ...
Cashman Kevin D - - 2006
A number of short-term (9 days to 5 weeks) studies have reported that non-digestible. oligosaccharides enhance intestinal calcium absorption. Recent interesting data from an intervention trial in adolescents (9-13 years of age) suggest that a non-digestible oligosaccharide can persistently stimulate calcium absorption over 12 months and can also enhance bone ...
Serrano E - - 2006
The main goal of our work is to quantify differences in the rate of ossification in post-cranial Iberian ibex skeletons, related to sex. Another objective is to improve criteria for assessing the sex of post-cranial bones by combining the degree of ossification of the distal epiphysis and biometrical data. Forty ...
Sumnik Z - - 2006
Bone and muscle development are both strongly influenced by sex hormones. The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in bone and muscle parameters (bone mineral content - BMC, muscle cross-sectional area - MA) in 130 men aged 31 -60 years, and in 180 pre-menopausal women aged 30-53 ...
Lynnerup Niels - - 2006
The microscopic method of age at death determination was introduced by Kerley in 1965 [E.R. Kerley, The microscopic determination of age in human bone, Am. J. Phys. Anthropol, 23 (1965) 149-163.]. However, even though the method has been revised several times, there remain some fundamental issues concerning the reliability of ...
Maat George J R - - 2006
This paper presents an uncomplicated and minimally invasive method for age-at-death determination in a contemporary Dutch (West European) population, by modifying the approach of assessment based on the age-related remodeling of bone tissue. In contrast to the usual "osteon count," a "non-remodeled tissue count" is undertaken. To optimize the method, ...
Zhu Kun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 2-y school milk intervention trial showed that 330 mL of a dietary milk supplement (fortified with calcium alone or with both calcium and vitamin D) enhanced the growth and bone mineral accretion of Chinese girls aged 10 y at baseline. Girls who received milk fortified with both calcium ...
Baroncelli Giampiero I - - 2006
Bone mineral status by phalangeal quantitative ultrasound (QUS, DBM Sonic, IGEA, Carpi, Modena, Italy) was examined in 3044 (1513 males and 1531 females) healthy subjects, aged 2-21 years. The aim of the study was to provide a reference database for phalangeal QUS parameters, amplitude-dependent speed of sound (AD-SoS) and bone ...
Meta M M Department of Radiology, University of California San Francisco, 185 Berry Street, Suite 350, San Francisco, CA 94143-0946, USA. - - 2006
Fragility fractures at the trochanter (TR) and the femoral neck (FN) have distinct etiologies, but the underlying age-related structural changes at these proximal femoral sub-regions are poorly understood. 28 young (41+/-3 years) and 124 elderly (74+/-3 years) healthy Caucasian women underwent volumetric quantitative computed tomography at the hip. Integral (i), ...
Valdimarsson O - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate a general school-based 1-year exercise intervention program in a population-based cohort of girls at Tanner stage I. Fifty-three girls aged 7-9 years were included. The school curriculum-based exercise intervention program included 40 minutes/school day. Fifty healthy age-matched girls assigned to the general ...
Rochira V - - 2006
Male age-related bone loss is caused, at least in part, by hypogonadism that occurs with advancing age. The study of the effects of sex steroids on bone physiology in men has recently highlighted the central role of estrogens on bone pathophysiology. This review focuses on particular aspects of bone physiology ...
Sarajlić Nermin - - 2006
Since 1996, the Trotter and Gleser formulae to determine the stature of recovered missing persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina have been used. The purpose of this study is to develop appropriate stature estimation formulae from the length of the femur, tibia and fibula for use in the Bosnia and Herzegovina ...
Manisal Metin - - 2006
In quantitative computed tomography applications for the diagnosis of osteoporosis, the bone mineral density value obtained has to be compared with a reference data. This data is influenced by several factors including sex, age, and ethnicity. Therefore, reference data that accurately represent the population at large is essential. We established ...
Bauer J S - - 2006
We investigated whether trabecular microstructural parameters determined in multislice spiral computed tomographic (MSCT) images of proximal femur specimens differed in male and female donors and improved the prediction of biomechanical strength of the femur compared to bone mineral density (BMD) and content (BMC) determined with dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as ...
Mazzuoli G - - 2006
Annual changes in vertebral body heights (VHs) and lumbar bone mineral density (LBMD) were evaluated in 120 healthy pre- and post-menopausal women aged 45-74 years. Subjects were divided into groups according to menstrual status and years since menopause (YSM). Vertebral heights were evaluated, using radiological morphometry as the sum of ...
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