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Chen Chia-Yun CY Department of Applied Materials and Optoelectronic Engineering, National Chi Nan University, No.1, Daxue Rd., Puli Township, Nantou County 545, Taiwan. - - 2014
Hydrofluoric (HF)/nitric (HNO3)/acetic (CH3COOH) acid, normally referred to as the HNA method, is a widely utilized technique for performing isotropic etching on silicon (Si) in industrial Si-based processing and device construction. Here, we reported a novel etching strategy based on a HF/HNO3 process with the assistance of silver (Ag) nano-seeds, ...
Montero David D aDepartment of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC) and Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht, the Netherlands bDepartment of Health and Human Physiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa cDepartment of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology dDepartment of Child Health eDalton Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA fDepartment of Physiology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands gResearch Institute for Sport and Exercise Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, - - 2014
AIM:: Advanced age is associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction, characterized by reductions in the endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the conduit and resistance arteries, in part, from decreased nitric oxide bioavailability. Although vascular smooth muscle function (SMF), assessed by responsiveness to an exogenous nitric oxide donor, is typically reported to be intact, ...
Tomaszewska Iwona M IM Department of Medical Education, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 16 Lazarza Street, 31-530, Krakow, Poland, - - 2014
We have performed a detailed morphometric analysis of the length and anatomic routes of the greater palatine canal (GPC) and a systematic review of the literature on the anatomy of the GPC with the aim of informing dentists, maxillofacial surgeons, otorhinolaryngologists and other specialists performing procedures in the area of ...
Weimer Katja K Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Department of Internal Medicine VI, University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
Predictors of the placebo response (PR) in randomized controlled trials (RCT) have been searched for ever since RCT have become the standard for testing novel therapies and age and gender are routinely documented data in all trials irrespective of the drug tested, its indication, and the primary and secondary end ...
Johnson Sheri L SL Department of Anatomy, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand; Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reduced fertility typically occurs among women in their late 30s, but increasing evidence indicates that advanced paternal age is associated with changes in reproduction as well. Numerous studies have investigated age-based declines in semen traits, but the impact of paternal age on sperm parameter values remains inconclusive. Using data from ...
Clark Laura L York Trials Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, North Yorkshire, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
An unknown number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have their treatment allocation subverted. If such trials are included in systematic reviews, biased results may be used to change policy. To assess whether a systematic review contains subverted trials, a meta-analysis of group differences regarding a baseline variable can be undertaken. ...
Prince Stephanie A - - 2014
The majority of North American adult females do not meet current physical activity recommendations (150 min of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) per week accrued in >=10 min bouts) ultimately placing themselves at increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Working-age females face particular challenges in meeting physical activity recommendations as ...
Dobos G G Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Clinical Research Center for Hair and Skin Science, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, - - 2014
Clinical scales are widely used in anti-ageing research and practice. More than one hundred skin ageing scales exist, which makes it difficult to choose outcome measures and to compare study results. To assess and to evaluate the quality of measurement properties of available clinical skin ageing scales. A systematic review ...
Innocencio da Silva Gomes Ainá A Laboratory of Research and Innovation in Sports Science, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Macaé, RJ, - - 2014
Aim: To systematically review studies that investigated the basal metabolic rate (BMR) and resting metabolic rate (RMR) of physically disabled adult subjects. Methods: The studies were identified via MedLine, Science Direct, Science Search, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Wiley, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Cochrane, Indice Bibliográfico Espanõl de ...
Xiao Luo L Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA - - 2014
Objective measurement of physical activity using wearable devices such as accelerometers may provide tantalizing new insights into the association between activity and health outcomes. Accelerometers can record quasi-continuous activity information for many days and for hundreds of individuals. For example, in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging physical activity was ...
Futagami S S Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, - - 2014
The prevalence of functional dyspepsia (FD) following infectious gastroenteritis has not been systematically reviewed. To conduct a systematic review and calculate the summary odds ratio (OR) for the development of FD following infectious gastroenteritis, as compared to a control population. Published studies in PubMed, EmBASE, and Cochrane Database and abstracts ...
Geirdal Amy Ostertun AO Faculty of Social Sciences, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway, - - 2014
The relationship between quality of life, psychological distress, and orofacial syndromes in children and adolescents has been reported in several studies. However, little is known about differences in psychological distress and quality of life among adults with different orofacial conditions. Therefore, the aims of this study were to examine and ...
Johnston Rowena R amfAR, Research , 120 Wall St , 13th floor , New York, New York, United States, 10005 , 2128061605 , 2128061601 ; - - 2014
Introduction and objectives: This systematic review was undertaken to determine the extent to which adult subjects representing sex (female), race (non-White) and age (>50) categories are included in clinical studies of HIV curative interventions and thus, by extension, the potential for data to be analyzed that may shed light on ...
Griglione Alessandra A Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via P. Giuria 9, I-10125 Torino, - - 2015
The volatile fractions of six Italian high-quality rice cultivars were investigated by HS-SPME-GC-MS to define fingerprinting and identify chemical markers and/or indices of ageing and aroma quality. In particular, four non-aromatic (Carnaroli, Carnise, Cerere and Antares) and two aromatic (Apollo and Venere) rices, harvested in 2010 and 2011, were monitored ...
Van Puyvelde Katrien K Frailty in Ageing (FRIA) Research Group and Gerontology Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium; Department of Geriatric Medicine, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Brussels, - - 2014
Aging is associated with a chronic low-grade inflammatory status that contributes to chronic diseases such as age-related muscle wasting, kidney disease, and diabetes mellitus. Since advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are known to be proinflammatory, this systematic review examined the relation between the dietary intake of AGEs and inflammatory processes. ...
Ayoubi Farah F Department of Neuroscience, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Angers University Hospital, Angers, France; UPRES EA 4638, UNAM, Angers University Hospital, Angers, - - 2014
Fear of falling (FOF) and increased gait variability are both independent markers of gait instability. There is a complex interplay between both entities. The purposes of this study were (1) to perform a qualitative analysis of all published studies on FOF-related changes in gait variability through a systematic review, and ...
Nikolaou C K CK Human Nutrition Section, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of - - 2014
Calorie-labelling of meals has been suggested as an anti-obesity measure, but evidence for impact is scarce. It might have particular value for young adults, when weight-gain is most rapid. A systematic literature review and a meta-analysis was performed to assess the effect of calorie-labelling on calories purchased. Seven studies met ...
Larkin Louise L Dept of Clinical Therapies, University of Limerick, Limerick, - - 2014
Physical activity (PA) is an important component in the management of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). To date the correlates of PA have not been thoroughly investigated in the RA population. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the correlates of PA in the adult RA population. A search of ...
Rutkowski Krzysztof K Department of Allergy, Box 40, Clinic 2a, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK, - - 2014
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfated form dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) are the most abundant circulating steroid hormones in humans. In animal studies, their low levels have been associated with age-related involuntary changes, including reduced lifespan. Extrapolation of animal data to humans turned DHEA into a 'superhormone' and an 'anti-aging' panacea. It ...
Nakamura Yasuhiro Y Department of Pathology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine , Sendai , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Androstenedione is a common precursor of sex steroids produced and secreted in the human adrenal gland and produced by 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3βHSD), 17β-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (CYP17) and cytochrome b5 (CYB5A). 3βHSD is expressed in the zona glomerulosa (ZG) and fasciculata (ZF), CYP17 in the ZF and zona reticularis (ZR) and CYB5A ...
Armoza-Zvuloni Rachel - - 2014
Reproductive development of anthozoans reveals wide range of breeding strategies. Here, we report the occurrence of trioecy in the sea anemone Aiptasia diaphana (co-occurrence of males, females and hermaphrodites), which so far was well documented only in plants. Age homogenous populations were obtained from pedal lacerates (asexual propagules) and cultured ...
Zhou Wen W Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies have suggested the existence of human sex pheromones, with particular interest in two human steroids: androstadienone (androsta-4,16,-dien-3-one) and estratetraenol (estra-1,3,5(10),16-tetraen-3-ol). The current study takes a critical step to test the qualification of the two steroids as sex pheromones by examining whether they communicate gender information in a sex-specific ...
Costa Miriam Dalla MD Endocrine Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Padova, I-35128 Padova, - - 2014
Steroidogenic enzymes autoantibodies (SEAbs) are frequently present and are markers of autoimmune premature ovarian failure (POF) in females with autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD). The prevalence and the significance of SEAbs in males with AAD have not been yet defined. We studied the prevalence of SEAbs in a large cohort of ...
Snoj Tomaz T a Veterinary Faculty, Institute of Physiology, Pharmacology and Toxicology , University of Ljubljana , Ljubljana , - - 2014
Levels of several natural urinary steroids have been determined in the urine of a large number of animals of different cattle categories in the context of steroid abuse in beef production. Bovine animals of different breeds, sex and age, included in the Slovene national residue detection plan for steroid abuse, ...
Schulze Jenny J JJ Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital , Stockholm , - - 2014
The steroid module of the Athlete Biological Passport, the newest innovation in doping testing, is currently being finalized for implementation. Several factors, other than doping, can affect the longitudinal steroid profile. In this study, we investigated the effect of hormonal contraceptives (HC) as well as the effect of three polymorphisms ...
Manning John J Department of Psychology, Northumbria University , Newcastle upon Tyne , - - 2014
Digit ratio (2D:4D) denotes the relative length of the second and fourth digits. This ratio is considered to be a biomarker of the balance between fetal testosterone (T) and estrogen (E) in a narrow window of early ontogeny. Evidence for this assertion is derived from direct and indirect measures of ...
Angkurawaranon Chaisiri C Department of Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, - - 2014
Many environmental factors contribute to the rise in prevalence of obesity in populations but one key driver is urbanization. Countries in Southeast (SE) Asia have undergone rapid changes in urbanization in recent decades. The aim of this study is to provide a systematic review of studies exploring the relationship between ...
Adegbija Odewumi Oluwarotimi OO Centre for Chronic Disease, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare gender-specific waist circumference (WC) levels of Aboriginal Australians with non-Aboriginal Australians. A systematic search on Medline, PubMed, EMBASE and Google Scholar databases was conducted to identify papers that reported gender-specific waist circumference (WC) estimates of participants from the age of 15 years and above among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ...
Mongillo P - - 2013
Limited data exist on age-related physiological variations in plasma concentrations of cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in dogs, despite their potential role in the pathophysiology of ageing. This study examined plasma cortisol and DHEA concentrations and cortisol/DHEA ratio variations, according to age and sex in 311 dogs, aged from two months ...
Crossin Glenn T - - 2013
Abstract Carryover effects have been documented in many migratory bird species, but we know little about the physiological mechanisms that mediate those effects. Here we show that the energetic, endocrine, and aerobic characteristics of postmigratory female gray-headed albatrosses (Thalassarche chrysostoma) can affect their decision to breed. All females in this ...
Mankiewicz Jamie L - - 2013
Environmental sex-determination (ESD) is the phenomenon by which environmental factors regulate sex-determination, typically occurring during a critical period of early development. Southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) exhibit temperature-dependent sex-determination that appears to be restricted to the presumed XX female genotype with the extremes of temperature, both high and low, skewing sex ...
Sorwell K G - - 2013
Like humans, rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are large, long-lived diurnal primates, and show similar age-related changes in the secretion of many steroid hormones, including oestradiol, testosterone, cortisol, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Consequently, they represent a pragmatic animal model in which to examine the mechanisms by which these steroidal changes contribute to ...
Falahatkar B - - 2013
Gender identification of great sturgeon during different life stages was conducted using morphology, sex steroid concentrations, histological and endoscopic techniques. One hundred and forty great sturgeons from two sturgeon farms at ages between 3-16 years were selected for examination. Most of the morphological indices showed no significant sex-related differences except for ...
Conley Alan J AJ Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA, - - 2013
Circulating adrenal steroids rise during the menopausal transition in most middle-aged women and may contribute to differences in between-women symptoms and ultimate health outcomes. However, the mechanisms for this shift in adrenal steroid production in middle-aged women are not known. This study aims to determine whether hormone therapy (HT) for ...
Starostová Zuzana - - 2013
Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is an extensively studied phenomenon in animals, including reptiles, but the proximate mechanism of its development is poorly understood. The most pervasive candidates are (1) androgen-mediated control of growth, i.e. positive effect of gonadal androgens (testosterone) on male growth in male-larger species, while negative in female-larger ...
Trummer Olivia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Decreased circulating 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25-OH-vitamin D) concentrations have been associated with mortality rates, but it is unclear whether this association is causal. We performed a Mendelian randomization study and analyzed whether 3 common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with 25-OH-vitamin D concentrations are causal for mortality rates.METHODS: Genotypes of SNPs ...
Guzzo Adam C - - 2013
Estradiol-17β and progesterone play critical roles in female reproductive physiology and behaviour. Given the sensitivity of females to exogenous sources of these steroids, we examined the presence of estradiol and progesterone in conspecifics' excretions and the transfer of excreted steroids between conspecifics. We paired individual adult female mice with a ...
Kumar Purnima S - - 2013
Fluctuations in the levels of sex steroid hormones begin at menarche and end with menopause in the human female. The association between gingivitis and increases in systemic sex steroids has been extensively reported and the biological mechanisms underlying this florid inflammatory state have been examined over several decades. The purpose ...
Conley Alan J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Circulating adrenal steroids rise during the menopausal transition in most middle-aged women and may contribute to differences in between-women symptoms and ultimate health outcomes. However, the mechanisms for this shift in adrenal steroid production in middle-aged women are not known. This study aims to determine whether hormone therapy (HT) ...
Voigt Cornelia - - 2012
For male songbirds of the temperate zone there is a tight link between seasonal song behaviour and circulating testosterone levels. Such a relationship does not seem to hold for tropical species where singing can occur year-round and breeding seasons are often extended. White-browed sparrow weavers (Plocepasser mahali) are cooperatively breeding ...
French Jeffrey A - - 2013
Steroid hormones, particularly androgens and their metabolic derivatives, play a prominent role in shaping morphological, behavioral, and social phenotypes in many organisms, including primates. This paper reviews the endocrine correlates of development in male marmoset monkeys of the genus Callithrix (C. kuhlii and C. geoffroyi). A lifespan developmental perspective is ...
Atapattu Navoda - - 2012
Background: Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) is a disorder with postulated environmental and genetic aetiology. This study delineates clinical features and potential perinatal environmental factors along with epidemiology in SOD children. Methods: Assessment of patients with SOD triad features in the UK West Midlands region. Results: Of 227 patients identified between 1998 ...
Tarter Ralph E RE Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 3520 Forbes Avenue, Parkvale Annex, 2nd Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States. - - 2013
Research has shown involvement of hormones of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis and hypothalamic pituitary gonadal (HPG) axis in the regulation of behaviors that contribute to SUD risk and its intergenerational transmission. Neighborhood environment has also been shown to relate to hormones of these two neuroendocrine systems and behaviors ...
Gardner Michael P MP School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol, - - 2013
The association between functioning of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis and physical performance at older ages remains poorly understood. We carried out meta-analyses to test the hypothesis that dysregulation of the HPA axis, as indexed by patterns of diurnal cortisol release, is associated with worse physical performance. Data from ...
Sävendahl Lars - - 2012
Background: Gender may affect growth hormone (GH) treatment outcome. This study assessed gender-related differences in change from baseline height standard deviation scores (ΔHSDS) after 2 years' GH treatment. Methods: Data from two observational databases were analyzed - the NordiNet® International Outcome Study (NordiNet® IOS) and the American Norditropin Studies: Web ...
Wessel Theda - - 2012
Background/Aims: With rising cure rates of childhood cancer, side effects of treatment are attracting increasing interest. The present analysis evaluates the influence of tumor localization, radiotherapy and chemotherapy on the age of menarche. Methods: 4,689 former pediatric oncology patients, diagnosed 1980-2004, were contacted in collaboration with the German Childhood Cancer ...
Wu Guan-Chung - - 2012
Hermaphrodites have both sexes during their life, including an initial primary sex determination and in later stage maintenance one of the sexual fates (secondary sex determination). Sex change (secondary sex determination) occurs in animals, but it is lost in amphibians through, mammals in vertebrates. Teleosts have various strategies and mechanisms ...
van der Plas Ellen - - 2012
Individuals with isolated cleft lip and/or palate (ICLP) are often reported to be of shorter stature relative to peers, and the objective of this study was to explore the role of the pituitary in relationship to growth. Fifty-five males and 32 females with ICLP were compared to 121 healthy males ...
Renner Caroline C NRZ Neurological Rehabilitation Center, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. - - 2012
To examine the independent association of gender with injury severity, clinical course, pituitary dysfunction and outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Prospective cohort, analysis of a data sub-set collected as part of the nation-wide database 'The Structured Data Assessment of Hypopituitarism after TBI and SAH'. Four hundred and twenty-seven patients ...
Korkushko O V - - 2011
The paper presents the results of randomized comparative study of the efficiency of peptide geroprotector from the pituitary gland in elderly patients with rapidly aging cardiovascular system. Over three years 39 coronary patients received, in addition to basic therapy, regular courses of epithalamin (peptide drug), while 40 coronary patients (control ...
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