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Ganesan B B Dairy Technology and Innovation Laboratory, Western Dairy Center, Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA; Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences, Utah State University, Logan, UT, - - 2014
Starter lactic acid bacteria in Cheddar cheese face physico-chemical stresses during manufacture and ageing that alter their abilities to survive and to interact with other bacterial populations. Nonstarter bacteria are derived from milk handling, cheese equipment and human contact during manufacture. Probiotic bacteria are added to foods for human health ...
Suh Dong Hye - - 2014
Abstract Background: Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) is a biocompatible and biodegradable polymer device indicated for correction of facial contour deficiencies, with a gradual onset of effect that is maintained for up to 25 months. PLLA is currently widely used to correct age- related facial volume deficits in Asians. Objectives: We sought ...
Buckingham Edward D - - 2013
Facial volume loss is an important component of facial aging and tends to present at an earlier age than other aspects of aging. Several surgical and nonsurgical products and techniques are available to replace volume loss associated with aging. One surgical technique uses a patient's fat cells to replace or ...
Xiao Wei - - 2012
Four trienyl hydrocarbons, (Z3, Z6, Z9)-tricosatriene (Z3, Z6, Z9-23:HC), (Z3, Z6, Z9)-pentacosatriene (Z3, Z6, Z9-25:HC), (Z3, Z6, Z9)-heptacosatriene (Z3, Z6, Z9-27:HC), and (Z3, Z6, Z9)-nonacosatriene (Z3, Z6, Z9-29:HC) were identified in a non-polar fraction of the body wax of male and female yellow peach moth, Conogethes punctiferalis. The relative amounts ...
Out Dorothée - - 2012
In the present study, we employ a longitudinal design and a generalizability framework to examine the sources of variance in the diurnal rhythm of salivary α-amylase (sAA). The sample consisted of 122 first-year law students (55% male, mean age=23.9 years), who collected five saliva samples on each of three consecutive ...
Gasparoto Thaís Helena - - 2012
This study evaluated the expression of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) and activation factors associated with salivary and blood neutrophils from different aged patients diagnosed with Candida-related denture stomatitis (DS). Expression of neutrophil PRRs was determined by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence, and the levels of selected cytokines that influence immune activation ...
Izawa Shuhei - - 2012
In recent years, salivary inflammatory markers, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP), have been investigated regarding their relationships with psychosocial stress and stress-related diseases. This study investigated the diurnal patterns of salivary IL-6 and CRP in healthy young adults. Twenty-seven students (11 males and 16 females) participated in ...
Zhang Jin-Ping - - 2012
Sex pheromones play a key role in behavioral reproductive isolation mechanisms and have been studied extensively, especially in the Lepidoptera. A large number of moths have pheromone blends consisting of multiple sex pheromone components; usually there are one or two major components and several minor ones. Research on the function ...
Osikowski Artur - - 2012
The smooth (Lissotriton vulgaris) and Carpathian (L. montandoni) newts are sister species. These are separated by a moderate genetic distance, but exhibit striking morphological differences, especially in male epigamic traits. In the areas where they co-occur, they readily mate with each other and produce viable hybrids. However, a high level ...
Swartz Jackie - - 2012
Aim:  To analyze salivary cortisol levels in 12- and 24-months-olds from families with an anthroposophic life style and comparisons ("partly anthroposophic" and "non-anthroposophic"). Methods:  Salivary samples were collected at child ages of 12 (n=178) and 24 (n=149) months. Cortisol was analysed with radioimmunoassay technique. Results:  Evening cortisol levels in children ...
Viso Eloy - - 2012
To describe epidemiologic characteristics of asymptomatic and symptomatic meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) in a general adult population in northwestern Spain. A total of 1155 subjects aged 40 years and older were selected by an age-stratified random sample procedure in O Salnés, Spain. A standardized symptoms questionnaire was administered and a ...
Wen Ping - - 2012
The sex-pairing pheromone of the black winged subterranean termite, Odontotermes formosanus (Shiraki) (Isoptera, Termitidae), was investigated using headspace-SPME, GC-MS, GC-EAD, and attraction bioassays. Females secrete the pheromone from their sternal gland to attract males. The sex-pairing pheromone is composed of (Z,Z)-dodeca-3,6-dien-1-ol and (Z)-dodec-3-en-1-ol, estimated at 9 to 16.64 ng and 0.2 ...
Yart Lucile - - 2012
The objective of this study was to provide insight into the biological mechanisms underlying mammary development and the role of the ovaries in prepubertal caprine mammogenesis using a serial ovariectomy approach. Young Alpine goats were ovariectomized (Ovx) or sham-operated (Int) at three periods before puberty (G1=1 month, G2=2 month and ...
Singh R P - - 2012
The adult male Japanese quail has a well developed cloacal gland that produces meringue-like white foam. The physiological significance of the cloacal gland and its foam is still unclear. Therefore, we conducted two experiments to establish the functional role of the cloacal gland and its foam in natural mating and ...
Jonas Jost B - - 2012
Purpose:  To assess associations between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and ocular and general parameters. Methods:  The Central India Eye and Medical Study, a population-based study performed in rural Central India, included 4711 subjects (aged 30+ years) out of 5885 eligible subjects (response rate: 80.1%). Fundus photographs were assessed using the ...
Waszkiewicz Napoleon - - 2012
Salivary lactoferrin is a glycoprotein involved in the elimination of pathogens and the prevention of massive overgrowth of microorganisms that affect oral and general health. A high concentration of lactoferrin in saliva is often considered to be a marker of damage to the salivary glands, gingivitis, or leakage through inflamed ...
Mutika Gratian N - - 2012
Many species of tsetse flies are infected by a virus (GpSGHV) that causes salivary gland hypertrophy (SGH). Female Glossina pallidipes (Austen) with SGH symptoms (SGH+) have reduced fecundity and SGH+ male G. pallidipes are unable to inseminate female flies. Consequently, G. pallidipes laboratory colonies with a high prevalence of SGH ...
Kobayashi Hiromitsu - - 2012
This study aimed to present normative reference values of heart rate variability and salivary alpha-amylase in a healthy young male population with a particular focus on their distribution and reproducibility. The short-term heart rate variability of 417 young healthy Japanese men was studied. Furthermore, salivary alpha-amylase was measured in 430 ...
Tan A G - - 2012
To assess the prevalence of retrodots and vacuoles and their associations with the prevalence and long-term incidence of age-related cataract in an older Australian cohort. Of 3654 baseline participants of the Blue Mountains Eye Study aged 49+ years (1992-1994), 2335 and 1952 were re-examined after 5 and 10 years, respectively. ...
Lam Sheridan - - 2011
PURPOSE:To assess whether lens thickness derived from age should be used in intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation. METHODS:Ninety-three eyes underwent optical low coherence reflectometry (OLCR) prior to cataract surgery. Lens thickness (LT) by OLCR was used to calculate the IOL power. The mean absolute refractive error (MAE) and mean refractive ...
Jonas Jost B - - 2011
Background:  To investigate the normative data of anterior chamber depth and its associations in adults in rural Central India. Design:  Population-based study Participants:  The Central India Eye and Medical Study included 4711 subjects aged 30+ years (response rate, 80.1%). Methods:  The subjects underwent an ophthalmologic examination including measurement of the ...
Machan Carolyn M - - 2011
PURPOSE.: To report on the prevalence of age-related (AR) cataract in an optometric clinic population including male and female subgroups. METHODS.: Retrospective patient file data reviewed for the Waterloo Eye Study database included age, sex, date of lens extraction (LE), and presence of AR cataract [nuclear sclerosis (NS), cortical cataracts ...
Sindermann S - - 2011
Test structures for electromigration with defined grain boundary configurations can be fabricated using focused ion beam (FIB). We present a novel approach of combining epitaxial growth of Ag islands with FIB milling. Depending on the growth parameters, bi-crystalline Ag islands can be grown on Si(111) surfaces and can be structured ...
Kawasaki Ryo - - 2011
Purpose: To compare the frequency and pattern of bilateral involvement of early and late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) between Asian Malays and Caucasians. Methods: We used cross-sectional data from the baseline examination for subjects aged 50-79 years in the Singapore Malay Eye Study (SiMES) (N = 2,453) and the Blue Mountains Eye ...
Bai Xiao - - 2011
Functionally graded hydroxyapatite coatings (FGHA) doped with 1, 3, and 6.5 wt % silver (Ag) have been deposited on Titanium using ion-beam-assisted deposition. Scanning transmission electron microscopy on coating cross sections confirmed the presence of FGHA coating with mostly amorphous layers at the top and mostly crystalline layers toward the ...
Schwab Christoph - - 2011
Purpose:  To investigate the early and late stages of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) in the foveal area in correlation with age and gender. Methods:  Three hundred and thirty-five emmetropic eyes of 271 Caucasian patients (216 women/119 men) were examined by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and ultrasound (US). Eyes were classified ...
Lim Poon Nian - - 2011
Favorable cell-material interaction and the absence of undesirable reaction from the host body defence system play a critical role in determining the success and long-term survival of the implants. Substitution of various elements into hydroxyapatite (HA) has been done to alter its chemical composition, thereby mimicking that of the bone ...
George K A - - 2011
Species colonization patterns on corpses and the frequency of carrion fly oviposition and larviposition are affected by decomposition stage and previous maggot colonization. This study investigated these effects on meat bait colonization by Victorian Diptera of forensic importance. Bait treatments were: 'aged' (aged for 4 days at 22 °C, allowing ...
Sohrabnezhad Sh - - 2011
In this work, we present the simple synthetic route for silver chloride/silver nanoparticles (AgCl/Ag-NPs) using as-synthesis method. The structure, composition and optical properties of such material were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FTIR. Powder X-ray diffraction showed that when ...
Blagosklonny Mikhail V - - 2011
Weak stresses (including weak oxidative stress, cytostatic agents, heat shock, hypoxia, calorie restriction) may extend lifespan. Known as hormesis, this is the most controversial notion in gerontology. For one, it is believed that aging is caused by accumulation of molecular damage. If so, hormetic stresses (by causing damage) must shorten ...
Karppi Jouni - - 2011
Oxidative stress plays an important role in cataractogenesis. Previous studies have shown that long-term dietary intake of antioxidants (lutein and zeaxanthin) may decrease the risk of age-related cataracts. The aim of the present study was to examine whether plasma concentrations of lutein and zeaxanthin are related to age-related nuclear cataract ...
Veček Nenad - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study the secular trend of menarche in high-school urban adolescent girls (Zagreb, Croatia) over the last two decades, and to evaluate the possible impact of worsening of socio-economic conditions on age at menarche during the Croatian War of Independence (1991-1995). STUDY DESIGN: Three surveys of female adolescents aged ...
Hubley Anita M - - 2011
Subjective age generally refers to the age that one feels. In a cross-sectional questionnaire study of 245 adolescents ages 10-14 years, we examined (a) whether, and when, a cross-over in subjective age occurs, (b) differences in subjective age among pubertal timing groups, (c) correlations between subjective age and each of ...
Schutzer William E - - 2011
Beta-adrenergic receptor- (β-AR) mediated vasorelaxation declines with age. This change is likely related to receptor desensitization, rather than down regulation. One kinase responsible for desensitization is G protein receptor kinase 2 (GRK2). We have shown that GRK expression and activity increases with age in Fischer 344 rat aorta. In this ...
Polyakova V O - - 2011
The data on the morphology and functions of the thymus and pineal gland in individuals of different age are analyzed and common mechanisms of involution of these organs during aging and the consequencies of this process are discussed. Based on the data on the molecular changes in the thymus and ...
Li Minghua - - 2011
High-throughput screening was employed to evaluate bactericidal activities of hybrid Ag-TiO2 nanoparticles comprising variations in TiO2 crystalline phase, Ag content, and synthesis method. Hybrid Ag-TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by either wet-impregnation or UV photo deposition onto both Degussa P25 and DuPont R902 TiO2 nanoparticles. The presence of Ag was confirmed ...
Muthenna P - - 2011
Formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) plays a key role in the several pathophysiologies associated with ageing and diabetes, such as arthritis, atherosclerosis, chronic renal insufficiency, Alzheimer's disease, nephropathy, neuropathy and cataract. This raises the possibility of inhibition of AGE formation as one of the approaches to prevent or ...
Wang Jin D - - 2011
Purpose:  To determine the prevalence and incidence of ocular trauma and proportion of trauma-related visual impairment in the population of Greater Beijing. Methods:  The population-based Beijing Eye Study included 4439 subjects in 2001, of whom 3251 subjects returned for follow-up examination in 2006 (response rate: 73.3%). The subjects underwent a ...
Keating Norah - - 2011
ABSTRACTResearch on rural aging has developed considerably since publication of the book Aging in Rural Canada (Butterworths, 1991). The purpose of this article is twofold: to provide a retrospective on issues in rural aging from this book, and to review Canadian literature on rural aging since its publication. The review ...
Bleyen Isabel - - 2011
The authors attempt to establish an association between prolonged hard and soft contact lens wear and ptosis. Single-center retrospective consecutive series. All patients between 18 and 50 years of age who were diagnosed with unilateral or bilateral ptosis between January 2002 and December 2005 (35 patients). In a retrospective consecutive ...
Suguio Kenitiro - - 2011
This study presents field and chronological investigations along the coast of northeastern Brazil from ~4°S to 9°S latitude, which corresponds to ~700 km of coastline under a semi-diurnal mesotidal regime. We investigated wave-built terrace deposits and dated sediments using the optically stimulated luminescence and thermoluminescence methods on quartz grains. The ...
Gupta M - - 2011
Aim: To study the various ocular anatomical and physiological parameters in presbyopia.Materials and methods: We studied the various ocular anatomical and physiological parameters like corneal curvature (keratometry readings: K1 and K2), central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT) and axial length (AL) in 100 presbyopic patients ...
Soleimani A F - - 2011
This study aimed to determine the effect of neonatal feed restriction on plasma corticosterone concentration (CORT), hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression, and heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 expression in aged male Japanese quail subjected to acute heat stress. Equal numbers of chicks were subjected to either ad libitum feeding (AL) ...
McDonough Kathryn E - - 2011
The US population of older adults will increase significantly in the coming decades. Most of these individuals prefer to age in their homes/communities. However, most communities are not prepared to handle the long-term care needs of an aging population. This article examines one model that communities are using to help ...
Lin Tzu-Jung - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between the severity of lens opacity, patient age, and the level of silent information regulator T1 (SirT1) expression in the lens epithelium of age-related cataracts. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Zuoying Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. DESIGN: Case control study. METHODS: Patient age at the ...
Irikawa Akiyuki - - 2011
This ten-year study examined the morphological, physiological, and ecological characteristics of coral growth anomalies on Acropora cytherea on Amuro Island, Okinawa, Japan. The objectives of the study were to assess whether the growth anomalies, identified as diffuse disruptions on the skeleton: (i) were more prevalent on large colonies than on ...
Kowal Katarzyna - - 2011
Photocatalytic and in situ microbial activityofthe amorphous and annealed states of Ag-doped and un-doped titania were examined. Studiesontheir structure, morphology, composition, and the photo-absorption characteristics of these materials were performed. Theseresultswere correlated with the photocatalytic and microbial activity against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus K324 (MRSA), methicillin susceptible S. aureus ATCC ...
Kuitunen Katja - - 2011
Male secondary sexual characters, such as color patterns, are often investigated at the macroscale level. However, micro- and nanoscale levels of morphological investigations may reveal functional features responsible for a particular coloration, thus providing more information, e.g., about the condition dependence of male sexual characters. The aim of this paper ...
VAN Cauteren D - - 2011
SUMMARYIn France surveillance underestimates the true burden of acute gastroenteritis (AG). We conducted a population-based, retrospective cross-sectional telephone survey between May 2009 and April 2010 in order to obtain more accurate estimates of the incidence and the burden of AG and to describe healthcare-seeking behaviour for AG. Of the 10 ...
Augusteyn Robert C - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to study the age-dependence of the optomechanical properties of human lenses during simulated disaccommodation in a mechanical lens stretcher, designed to determine accommodative forces as a function of stretch distance, to compare the results with in vivo disaccommodation and to examine whether differences exist ...
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