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Freeman L M LM Department of Clinical Sciences, Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, - - 2014
Cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are larger and have higher insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) concentrations than cats without HCM. The aim of this study was to assess echocardiographic findings in a colony of adult cats to determine the relationship between early growth and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Twenty-eight neutered adult ...
Liao Wen Bo WB Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation (Ministry of Education), China West Normal University, Nanchong, 637009, Sichuan, China, - - 2014
Variation in sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is a widespread phenomenon and is commonly attributed to variation in sex-specific patterns of selection. According to Rensch's rule, SSD increases with increasing body size when males are the larger sex, and decreases when females are the larger sex. Using data from 17 populations ...
Nevill Alan M AM 1Faculty of Health, Education and Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom 2Centre for Applied Biological and Exercise Science, Coventry University, United - - 2014
To identify optimal body size and limb segment-length ratios associated with children and adolescents' 100 m personal-best swim speeds. Fifty national-standard youth swimmers (21 males, 29 females, ages 11-16 years, mean age ± SD = 13.5 ± 1.5 years) participated in the study. Anthropometry comprised stature, body mass, skinfolds, maturity ...
Lombard Wayne P WP 1Sports Science Institute of South Africa, Discovery High Performance Centre 2Department of Human Biology, Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town 3South African Rugby - - 2014
This study compared changes in the body size and physical characteristics of South African u20 rugby union players over a 13-year period. A total of 453 South African u20 players, (Forwards; n = 256 and Backs; n = 197), underwent measurements of body mass, stature, muscular strength, endurance and 10 ...
Schuna John M JM Jr Pennington Biomedical Research Center, LSU System, Baton Rouge, - - 2014
Adult body mass (MB) empirically scales as height (Ht) squared (MB ∝ Ht(2) ), but does regional body mass and body composition as a whole also scale as Ht(2) ? This question is relevant to a wide range of biological topics, including interpretation of body mass index (BMI). Dual-energy X-ray ...
Scott David D NorthWest Academic Centre and Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science, The University of Melbourne and Western Health, Sunshine Hospital, 176 Furlong Rd, St Albans, Victoria, Australia - - 2014
Context: High vitamin D and physical activity (PA) levels are independently associated with improved body composition and muscle function in older adults. Objective: To investigate the interaction of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and PA status in maintenance of body composition and muscle function in older adults. Design and Setting: A five-year ...
Sutcliffe Catherine G CG Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Room E6132, 615 N. Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD, 21205, - - 2014
To evaluate associations among self-reported, interviewer-observed, and measured body size in a healthcare setting. A total of 543 adult men and women undergoing colonoscopy were enrolled into a cross-sectional study conducted from 2002 to 2008 at the Johns Hopkins Hospital Outpatient Center. Self-reported and interviewer-observed Stunkard body size figure numbers ...
Huang Ziyin Z Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Body weight is one of most important physiologic parameters in pediatric medicine given it's an essential factor for determining optimal drug dosages and intravenous fluid requirement, DC shock energy voltage needed for cardiorespiratory arrest, and correct equipment sizes in pediatric patients undergoing resuscitation.(1) Several methods exist for predicting body weight ...
Maisonneuve J J JJ Unit of Health-Care Epidemiology, Nuffield Department of Population Health, Oxford University, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK, - - 2014
We aimed to study trends over time in operation rates for inguinal hernia with and without obstruction over five decades. Routine hospital statistics were used to analyse trends in National Health Service hospitals in England (1968-2011). All-England admission rates for elective repair of unobstructed inguinal hernia in males were 240.8 ...
Churchill Morgan M Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, 8207; Program in Ecology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, 82071. - - 2014
Cope's rule describes the evolutionary trend for animal lineages to increase in body size over time. In this study, we tested the validity of Cope's rule for a marine mammal clade, the Pinnipedimorpha, which includes the extinct Desmatophocidae, and extant Phocidae (earless seals), Otariidae (fur seals and sea lions), and ...
Magistro Daniele D Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Department of Functional Brain Imaging, Tohoku University, - - 2014
Functional ageing processes are characterised by a loss of performance capabilities for most physiological systems, such as aerobic endurance and lower body strength, which are important for independent living and active ageing. The present study examines the direction of influence between aerobic endurance and lower body strength over time in ...
Harriger Jennifer A JA a Social Science Division , Pepperdine University , Malibu , California , - - 2014
Researchers have demonstrated that societal concerns about dieting and body size have led to an increase in negative attitudes toward obese people and that girls as young as 3 years old endorse similar body size stereotypes as have been previously found with adults. Few studies, however, have examined age differences ...
Guo Bin B Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, No.613, West Huangpu Road, Guangzhou, 510630, - - 2014
Measurements of body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) have evident value in evaluating skeletal and muscular status in growing children and adolescents. This study aimed to generate age-related trends for body composition in Chinese children and adolescents, and to establish gender-specific reference percentile curves for the assessment of muscle-bone ...
Wijeyamohan Shanmugasundaram S Postgraduate Institute of Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka; Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Center for the Study of Asian Elephant at Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale, Sri Lanka; The Wiiliam H. Darr School of Agriculture, Missouri State University, Springfield, - - 2014
A body condition score (BCS) may provide information on the health or production potential of an animal; it may also reflect the suitability of the environment to maintain an animal population. Thus assessing the BCS of Asian elephants is important for their management. There is a need for a robust ...
Rom O O Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Efron St., 9649, Bat Galim, Haifa, 31096, - - 2014
Smokers tend to have lower body mass index, on one hand, and increased abdominal obesity, on the other hand. Also, low levels of lean mass (LM) and bone mineral content (BMC) were found among older smokers compared with non-smokers. This altered body composition and its consequences raise the need for ...
Keil Mhairi M a English Institute of Sport , Birmingham , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to assess the reproducibility of body composition measurements by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 12 elite male wheelchair basketball players (age 31 ± 7 years, BMI 21 ± 2 kg/m(2) and onset of disability 25 ± 9 years). Two whole body scans were ...
Morsy Kareem K Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, - - 2014
Haemonchus longistipes is a gastrointestinal abomasal nematode which is one of the most prevalent and pathogenic parasites infesting the stomach of ruminants. On the basis of light and ultrastructural data, the objective of the present study was to introduce a first identification of the cameline haemonchosis caused by H. longistipes. ...
Yang Kyeongra K Lienhard School of Nursing, College of Health Professions, Pace University, 861 Bedford Road, L306, Pleasantville, NY 10570. - - 2014
This study examined the relationship between actual body weight and self-perceived weight, and how perception of one's weight affects weight management behaviors among US adolescents. Adolescents ages 16-19 years with objectively-measured weight and height and self-reported perception of weight, weight-loss efforts, and health-related behaviors (N = 642) from the 2009-2010 ...
Rousanoglou E N EN Department of Sport Medicine and Biology of Exercise Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece - - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to identify the playing level (Under 16: U16, Under 18: U18 and Under 20: U20) and the playing position (Goalkeepers, Backs, Wings, Pivots, Centers) differences of elite junior handball players expressed in the anthropometric and physical fitness characteristics. The anthropometric characteristics of body height, ...
Chikvaidze N N I. Zhordania Institute of Human Reproduction, Tbilisi, - - 2014
The risks of reproductive problems are higher in underweight and overweight or obese women, especially in case of rapid weight gain or loss. But evidence is inconsistent especially in relation to the effect of age of body weight changes. The aim of the study was detection of peculiarities of sexual ...
Moura Tatiane T Human Performance Evaluation Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Pernambuco (LAPH/ESEF/UPE), Pernambuco, Brazil. ; School of Physical Education, University of Pernambuco, Pernambuco, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between anthropometric variables, body composition and propulsive force in swimmers aged 9-17 years. Anthropometric characteristics (body height and mass, sitting height, arm span, arm muscle area and body composition) and the propulsive force of the arm (tethered swimming test) were ...
McWilliams Molly M a Department of Biology , University of Nebraska at - - 2014
The effects of raccoon (Procyon lotor) rehabilitation on postrelease survivorship are unknown. Raccoon rehabilitation success was measured as differences in prewinter body condition, home range size, distance to manmade structures, and during-winter survival between raccoons in the wild and those who have been rehabilitated. Prewinter body condition did not differ ...
Lev-Ari Lilac L Ruppin Academic Center, - - 2014
Women with attachment insecurity have greater eating disorder symptoms and poorer prognosis. Socio-cultural agents, such as peers and family, are predictive of the development of body image dissatisfaction (BID). The present study examines the association of insecure attachment styles and direct and indirect social comparisons of body image to women's ...
Kiss P P Occupational Health Service Securex, B-9031 Drongen, Belgium, Department of Public Health, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
An important aspect of occupational health surveillance of firefighters is cardiorespiratory fitness. In Belgium, representative data on firefighters' cardiorespiratory fitness assessed in a standardized way are lacking. To report data on cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI) and total body fat percentage in a large cohort of Belgian firefighters; to ...
TÅ™ebický Vít V Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Recent research has reported an association between facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) and both fighting performance and judgments of formidability in a sample of mixed martial arts (MMA) combatants. The results provide evidence of fWHR being associated with sporting performance and aggression in men. However, it has been argued that the ...
Svider Peter F PF Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to calculate nationwide incidence of emergency department (ED) visits for nasal foreign bodies, identify the most frequently encountered consumer products, and evaluate outcomes and demographic trends. The Nationwide Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was evaluated for ED visits related to nasal foreign bodies for ...
McNeill David K P DK 1 Northern Arizona University, Department of Biological Sciences 2 Northern Arizona University, Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training 3 Northern Arizona University, Department of Health - - 2014
Body weight supported treadmill training has become increasingly popular in professional sports and rehabilitation. To date, little is known about the accuracy of the lower body positive pressure treadmill. The current study evaluated the accuracy of the body weight support reported on the AlterG 'Anti-Gravity' treadmill across the spectrum of ...
Patnaik R L RL Health Physics Unit, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Jaduguda, Jharkhand, - - 2014
Uranium mine workers are exposed to ore dust containing uranium and its daughter products during different mining operations. These radionuclides may pose inhalation hazards to workers during the course of their occupation. The most significant among these radionuclides is (226)Ra. The measurement of radium body burden of uranium mine workers ...
Paslawska Urszula - - 2014
BackgroundSwine are recognized animal models of human cardiovascular diseases. Normal values of cardiac morphology and function have been published for swine but for smaller number of pigs and not for swine whose weights ranged up 100 kg. In order to improve the value of results of an investigation on cardiac morphology ...
Fujiwara-Tsujii Nao N 1 Laboratory of Insect Interaction Research, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences (NIAS), Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0851, - - 2014
We investigated physical and chemical cues involved in male mating behavior of the white grub beetle, Dasylepida ishigakiensis (Scarabaeidae). When presented with female attractant pheromone (R)-2-butanol lures in a flight tunnel, nearly all males exhibited orientation and touching behaviors to freshly killed males and females and to intact glass models. ...
Uno Taiki T Laboratory of Wildlife Medicine, Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, Tokyo 180-8602, - - 2014
Feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) have been growing in number in Japan, and they are becoming a problematic invasive species. Consequently, they are commonly captured and killed in pest control programs. For effective population control of feral raccoons, it is necessary to understand their reproductive physiology and ecology. Although the reproductive ...
Lee Kyoung Min KM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Y.M.L., C.Y.C., S.Y.L., T.G.K., Y.C., M.S.P.) and Biomedical Research Institute (S.-S.K.), Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Kyungki 463-707, - - 2014
Context: Osteoporotic fractures in subjects with diabetes mellitus (DM) carry higher mortality and morbidity. Because bone strength and minor trauma, such as a falls, are considered to be significant factors contributing to osteoporotic fractures, it is important to elucidate the associated factors with these. Objective: This study was performed to ...
Lereya Suzet Tanya ST Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, - - 2014
In intrasexual competition (competition for reproductive resources), bullying can be viewed as a tool to devalue competitors, gain a high status and a powerful, dominant position in the peer group which may lead to beneficial gains such as access to potential romantic partners. This study investigated the relationship between intrasexual ...
Fortes Cristina Maria Teixeira CM Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Botucatu Medical School, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
to study bone mineral density (BMD) in adolescent females according to five groups of chronological age (CA), bone age (BA), and breast development stage (B), and to correlate these parameters with plasma bone biomarkers (BB). this was a cross-sectional study performed in 101 healthy adolescent females between 10 and 20 ...
Liu Xujie - - 2014
Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have been widely used in bone grafts due to their antimicrobial/antiviral properties. Despite extensive research focused on the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of Ag NPs, little is known of their effect on cell differentiation. In this study, the uptake of Ag NPs and its effect on the ...
Karakas Sacide - - 2014
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is mainly expressed by weight loss with especially fat-free mass (FFM) depletion and a low body weight correlates with increased mortality and a poor prognosis. We investigated whether anthropometric body composition equations could be used for evaluation of the body composition in COPD. Thirty clinically ...
Zarei Maryam M MSc of Community Nutrition, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor,Malaysia.. - - 2014
The aim or this study was to determine factors associated with body weight status among Iranian adolescents in the two Secondary Schools run by the Embassy in Kuala Lumpur. A self administered questionnaire was used to assess socio demographic characteristics, physical activity, and body image. Dietary intake was recorded through ...
Al-Sadoon Mohammed K MK Zoology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, PO Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi - - 2014
The ecology, feeding habits and sexual dimorphism in Arabian Sand Boa, Eryx jayakari from the Central region of Saudi Arabia, were studied. In this study the E. jayakari was recorded for the first time from several sites. Significant differences were noted in total length of body and tail, and body ...
Titapant Vitaya - - 2014
To generate the nomogram of placental thickness, volume, and vascular indices in healthy pregnant women between 12 to 20 weeks of gestation. An experimental cross sectional study of pregnant women, which were categorized into nine groups according to their gestational age ranging from 12 to 20 weeks of gestation, was ...
Sohn Elliott H EH Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of America ; Stephen A. Wynn Institute for Vision Research, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of - - 2014
Structural and gene expression changes in the microvasculature of the human choroid occur during normal aging and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In this study, we sought to determine the impact of aging and AMD on expression of the endothelial cell glycoprotein CD34. Sections from 58 human donor eyes were categorized ...
Kurtoglu-Aksoy N - - 2014
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is the cessation of ovarian function before the age of 40. The loss of ovarian function, whether premature or not, has an overwhelming impact on female skeletal health, leading to an increased risk of developing osteoporosis because of the lengthened time of exposure to reduced estrogen. ...
Olsson Christian C Cardiovascular Surgery Unit, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden (C.O., - - 2014
The study hypothesis was that thoracic aortic disease (TAD) is associated with a higher-than-expected prevalence of inguinal hernia. Such an association has been reported for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and hernia. Unlike AAA, TAD is not necessarily detectable with clinical examination or ultrasound, and there are no population-based screening programs ...
Evans Shirley F SF Department of Nutritional Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, - - 2014
This pilot study examined the effects of freeze-dried mango (Mangifera indica L.) supplementation on anthropometrics, body composition, and biochemical parameters in obese individuals. Twenty obese adults (11 males and 9 females) ages 20- to 50-years old, received 10 g/day of ground freeze-dried mango pulp for 12 weeks. Anthropometrics, biochemical parameters, ...
Tejedor M Teresa MT Departamento de Anatomía, Embriología y Genética, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, - - 2014
The apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is polymorphic, encoding one of 3 common alleles (ε2, ε3, ε4) produced from combinations of 2 non-synonymous SNPs (rs429358 and rs7412). APOE plays an important role controlling plasma lipids but its association with adipocyte functionality and body fatness remains to be determined. We analyzed fasting ...
Latorre Román P A PA University of Jaen, Department of Health Sciences. Campus de Las Lagunillas, Jaen (Spain).. - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to analyzebody satisfaction in non-institutionalized old people and its association with sex, body mass index (BMI) and gait speed. Methods: Hundred six people have participated, 38 men (age=74.60 ±6.67 years old) and 68 women (age=72.76 ±4.68 years old). The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) has ...
Cristi-Montero Carlos C Laboratorio de Motricidad Humana, Escuela de Educación Física. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso.. - - 2014
Objective: To identify critical periods in the variation in body composition during a school year and determine possible causes. Methods: A total of 363 boys and girls aged between 10 and 14 years participated in the study. Before and after the Winter Holidays (WIH) and National Holidays (NAH) (July and ...
Trivers Robert R Graduate Program in Ecology and Evolution, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of - - 2014
In a study of degree of lower body symmetry in 73 elite Jamaican track and field athletes we show that both their knees and ankles (but not their feet) are-on average-significantly more symmetrical than those of 116 similarly aged controls from the rural Jamaican countryside. Within the elite athletes, events ...
Wycislo Kathryn L KL 1University of Illinois, College of Veterinary Medicine, Urbana, IL, - - 2013
Free-roaming cats in New York, NY, USA, that presented to a trap-neuter-return program were surveyed for biochemical data. One hundred and one cats had blood collected for a plasma biochemistry panel after the induction of surgical anesthesia. Reference intervals for 18 analytes were generated for the sample population, along with ...
Yang Cuixia - - 2013
Combined computational and experimental studies reveal a noble, non-d-band effect on Ag activation and electrocatalysis: upon coating Ag onto the even more inert Au surface, the catalytic activity toward the oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline media can be improved by about half an order of magnitude in comparison to the ...
Chinedu Shalom Nwodo - - 2013
Anthropometric measures have been widely used for body weight classification in humans. Waist circumference has been advanced as a useful parameter for measuring adiposity. This study evaluated the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference and examined their significance as indicators of health status in adults. The subject ...
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