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Yang Kyeongra K Lienhard School of Nursing, College of Health Professions, Pace University, 861 Bedford Road, L306, Pleasantville, NY 10570. - - 2014
This study examined the relationship between actual body weight and self-perceived weight, and how perception of one's weight affects weight management behaviors among US adolescents. Adolescents ages 16-19 years with objectively-measured weight and height and self-reported perception of weight, weight-loss efforts, and health-related behaviors (N = 642) from the 2009-2010 ...
Svider Peter F PF Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to calculate nationwide incidence of emergency department (ED) visits for nasal foreign bodies, identify the most frequently encountered consumer products, and evaluate outcomes and demographic trends. The Nationwide Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was evaluated for ED visits related to nasal foreign bodies for ...
McNeill David K P DK 1 Northern Arizona University, Department of Biological Sciences 2 Northern Arizona University, Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training 3 Northern Arizona University, Department of Health - - 2014
Body weight supported treadmill training has become increasingly popular in professional sports and rehabilitation. To date, little is known about the accuracy of the lower body positive pressure treadmill. The current study evaluated the accuracy of the body weight support reported on the AlterG 'Anti-Gravity' treadmill across the spectrum of ...
Patnaik R L RL Health Physics Unit, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Jaduguda, Jharkhand, - - 2014
Uranium mine workers are exposed to ore dust containing uranium and its daughter products during different mining operations. These radionuclides may pose inhalation hazards to workers during the course of their occupation. The most significant among these radionuclides is (226)Ra. The measurement of radium body burden of uranium mine workers ...
Paslawska Urszula - - 2014
BackgroundSwine are recognized animal models of human cardiovascular diseases. Normal values of cardiac morphology and function have been published for swine but for smaller number of pigs and not for swine whose weights ranged up 100 kg. In order to improve the value of results of an investigation on cardiac morphology ...
Fujiwara-Tsujii Nao N 1 Laboratory of Insect Interaction Research, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences (NIAS), Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0851, - - 2014
We investigated physical and chemical cues involved in male mating behavior of the white grub beetle, Dasylepida ishigakiensis (Scarabaeidae). When presented with female attractant pheromone (R)-2-butanol lures in a flight tunnel, nearly all males exhibited orientation and touching behaviors to freshly killed males and females and to intact glass models. ...
Uno Taiki T Laboratory of Wildlife Medicine, Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, Tokyo 180-8602, - - 2014
Feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) have been growing in number in Japan, and they are becoming a problematic invasive species. Consequently, they are commonly captured and killed in pest control programs. For effective population control of feral raccoons, it is necessary to understand their reproductive physiology and ecology. Although the reproductive ...
Lee Kyoung Min KM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Y.M.L., C.Y.C., S.Y.L., T.G.K., Y.C., M.S.P.) and Biomedical Research Institute (S.-S.K.), Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Kyungki 463-707, - - 2014
Context: Osteoporotic fractures in subjects with diabetes mellitus (DM) carry higher mortality and morbidity. Because bone strength and minor trauma, such as a falls, are considered to be significant factors contributing to osteoporotic fractures, it is important to elucidate the associated factors with these. Objective: This study was performed to ...
Lereya Suzet Tanya ST Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, - - 2014
In intrasexual competition (competition for reproductive resources), bullying can be viewed as a tool to devalue competitors, gain a high status and a powerful, dominant position in the peer group which may lead to beneficial gains such as access to potential romantic partners. This study investigated the relationship between intrasexual ...
Fortes Cristina Maria Teixeira CM Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Botucatu Medical School, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
to study bone mineral density (BMD) in adolescent females according to five groups of chronological age (CA), bone age (BA), and breast development stage (B), and to correlate these parameters with plasma bone biomarkers (BB). this was a cross-sectional study performed in 101 healthy adolescent females between 10 and 20 ...
Liu Xujie - - 2014
Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have been widely used in bone grafts due to their antimicrobial/antiviral properties. Despite extensive research focused on the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of Ag NPs, little is known of their effect on cell differentiation. In this study, the uptake of Ag NPs and its effect on the ...
Karakas Sacide - - 2014
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is mainly expressed by weight loss with especially fat-free mass (FFM) depletion and a low body weight correlates with increased mortality and a poor prognosis. We investigated whether anthropometric body composition equations could be used for evaluation of the body composition in COPD. Thirty clinically ...
Titapant Vitaya - - 2014
To generate the nomogram of placental thickness, volume, and vascular indices in healthy pregnant women between 12 to 20 weeks of gestation. An experimental cross sectional study of pregnant women, which were categorized into nine groups according to their gestational age ranging from 12 to 20 weeks of gestation, was ...
Sohn Elliott H EH Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of America ; Stephen A. Wynn Institute for Vision Research, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of - - 2014
Structural and gene expression changes in the microvasculature of the human choroid occur during normal aging and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In this study, we sought to determine the impact of aging and AMD on expression of the endothelial cell glycoprotein CD34. Sections from 58 human donor eyes were categorized ...
Kurtoglu-Aksoy N - - 2014
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is the cessation of ovarian function before the age of 40. The loss of ovarian function, whether premature or not, has an overwhelming impact on female skeletal health, leading to an increased risk of developing osteoporosis because of the lengthened time of exposure to reduced estrogen. ...
Olsson Christian C Cardiovascular Surgery Unit, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden (C.O., - - 2014
The study hypothesis was that thoracic aortic disease (TAD) is associated with a higher-than-expected prevalence of inguinal hernia. Such an association has been reported for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and hernia. Unlike AAA, TAD is not necessarily detectable with clinical examination or ultrasound, and there are no population-based screening programs ...
Evans Shirley F SF Department of Nutritional Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, - - 2014
This pilot study examined the effects of freeze-dried mango (Mangifera indica L.) supplementation on anthropometrics, body composition, and biochemical parameters in obese individuals. Twenty obese adults (11 males and 9 females) ages 20- to 50-years old, received 10 g/day of ground freeze-dried mango pulp for 12 weeks. Anthropometrics, biochemical parameters, ...
Wycislo Kathryn L KL 1University of Illinois, College of Veterinary Medicine, Urbana, IL, - - 2013
Free-roaming cats in New York, NY, USA, that presented to a trap-neuter-return program were surveyed for biochemical data. One hundred and one cats had blood collected for a plasma biochemistry panel after the induction of surgical anesthesia. Reference intervals for 18 analytes were generated for the sample population, along with ...
Yang Cuixia - - 2013
Combined computational and experimental studies reveal a noble, non-d-band effect on Ag activation and electrocatalysis: upon coating Ag onto the even more inert Au surface, the catalytic activity toward the oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline media can be improved by about half an order of magnitude in comparison to the ...
Chinedu Shalom Nwodo - - 2013
Anthropometric measures have been widely used for body weight classification in humans. Waist circumference has been advanced as a useful parameter for measuring adiposity. This study evaluated the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference and examined their significance as indicators of health status in adults. The subject ...
Looker Anne C AC National Center for Health - - 2013
Objectives-This report presents bone measurement data from total body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scans for 28,454 persons aged 8 years and over who participated in the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The sample consisted of 22,667 respondents with valid data, and 5,787 with missing data that were successfully ...
Guang Liang G - - 2013
Cysteine (C)-X-C chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) is the primary transmembrane receptor for stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1). We previously reported in mouse or human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal stem cells (BMSCs) that deleting or antagonizing CXCR4 inhibits bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2)-induced osteogenic differentiation. The goal of this study was to determine whether ...
Cheung Elaine - - 2013
Population-based studies have revealed a decline in the incidence of age-adjusted hip fractures in southern Chinese women during the past decade. To determine whether there was a secular change in population characteristics that accounted for this decline, we compared the bone mineral density (BMD) and lifestyle habits of two cohorts ...
Kyvernitakis Ioannis - - 2013
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the age-dependent variations of calcaneal quantitative ultrasonometry (QUS) and the association with sex hormones and biochemical bone turnover markers in a large sample of unselected healthy German men. Bone measurements are expected to behave differently among men and women. The speed ...
Absolonova Karolina - - 2013
This study describes the estimation of age at death from the compact bone of burned and unburned human ribs. Bone samples came from individuals of known age, sex, and cause of death. Each bone was divided into four sections; three sections were burned at 700, 800, and 1000°C. Undecalcified, unstained ...
Lucarini Nazzareno - - 2012
Acid phosphatase (ACP₁) is a polymorphic enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of flavin-mononucleotide (FMN) to riboflavin and regulates the cellular concentration of flavin-adenine-dinucleotide (FAD) and, consequently, energy metabolism. Its activity is modulated by adenosine deaminase locus 1 (ADA₁) genotype. The aim of our work is to verify whether individuals with ...
Fischer Dagmar-Christiane - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Paediatric reference values for novel markers of phosphate homeostasis, bone formation and resorption and their putative relationship to growth are lacking. METHODS: A total of 424 healthy children, adolescents and young adults (221 males) aged 0.1-21 y, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Height, weight and height velocity were ...
Lin Cheng-Yung CY Graduate Institute of Animal Science, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan - - 2012
An experiment was carried out to determine the effect of age and caponization on the development blood and bone characteristics development in male country chickens in Taiwan. A total of two hundred 8-wk-old LRI native chicken cockerels, Taishi meat No.13 from LRI-COA, were used as experimental animals. Cockerels were surgically ...
Yu Bin - - 2012
Efficacy of recombinant adenovirus serotype 5 (rAd5) vaccine vectors for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and other pathogens have been shown to be limited by high titers of pre-existing Ad5 neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) in the developing world. Using a secreted embryonic alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) neutralization assay, 50% serum neutralization ...
Kumar Pardeep - - 2011
Biological aging is a fundamental process observed in almost all living beings. During aging the brain experiences structural, molecular, and functional alterations. Aging in females and males is considered as the end of natural protection against age related diseases like osteoporosis, coronary heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. These ...
Roach James W - - 2011
Patients with spina bifida potentially experience social isolation with limited employment opportunities and restriction of independent living, neurologic and intellectual impairment, and orthopaedic and urologic consequences of their condition. However, the degree of disability as these individuals age into adulthood has not been completely delineated. In adults with spina bifida ...
Hermann Derik - - 2011
Pre-clinical research indicates that opioids reduce extracellular glutamate in acute opioid treatment, whereas during withdrawal, glutamatergic neurotransmission is increased and withdrawal symptoms can be blocked by glutamate receptor antagonists. The glutamate hypothesis of addiction suggests that withdrawal-associated hyperglutamatergic states destabilize the glutamatergic system chronically and contribute to relapse. magnetic resonance ...
Lindsay Sally - - 2011
Purpose. Despite the importance of ensuring access to assistive technology, high rates of underutilization remain. Relatively little is known about the characteristics of young people reporting unmet needs for assistive devices, so our study examined this further. Method. Data were analyzed using the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey. Youth aged 15-24 ...
Aratani Mayra Cristina - - 2011
To analyze the hierarchical structure of activities of daily living (ADL) among vestibular older adults, according to its power to discriminate disability. An exploratory cross-sectional study was conducted comprising 235 elderly, aged 65 years and older, with chronic vestibular dysfunction. Functional capacity was assessed through the Brazilian version of OARS ...
Kumar Pardeep - - 2011
Free radical production and oxidative stress are known to increase in liver during aging, and may contribute to the oxidative damage. These changes increase during menopausal condition in females when the level of estradiol is decreased. The objective of this study was to observe the changes in activities of membrane ...
- - 2010
We are modifying our regulations to establish a 12-month time limit for the withdrawal of old-age benefits applications, allow one withdrawal per lifetime, and limit the voluntary suspension of benefits for purposes of receiving delayed retirement credits to months for which you have not received a payment. We are making ...
Goins R Turner - - 2010
Comorbidity is a growing challenge and the older adult population is most at risk of developing comorbid conditions. Comorbidity is associated with increased risk of mortality, increased hospitalizations, increased doctor visits, increased prescription medications, nursing home placement, poorer mental health, and physical disability. American Indians experience some of the highest ...
Lindsay Sally - - 2011
Purpose. Having a disability is a barrier to securing and maintaining employment. Most research has focussed on employment barriers among adults, while very little is known about young people's experience finding paid work. Method. Young people aged 15-24 were selected from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey to explore the barriers ...
Milaneschi Yuri - - 2010
In many countries, persons over 65 are one of the fastest growing segments of the population. Mobility disability is one of the major risk factors for morbidity and mortality in this age group. There is increasing evidence that improved nutrition can reduce the risk of developing disability in older age. ...
Vela Luzita I - - 2010
Disablement theory has been characterized as the sequence of events that occurs after an injury, but little research has been conducted to establish how disablement is experienced and described by physically active persons. To describe the disablement process in physically active persons with musculoskeletal injuries. Concurrent, embedded mixed-methods study. For ...
Plantinga Laura C LC Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, 94110, USA. - - 2011
Little is known about disability in early-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD). Cross-sectional national survey (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006). Community-based survey of 16,011 noninstitutionalized US civilian adults (aged ≥20 years). CKD, categorized as no CKD, stages 1 and 2 (albuminuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] ≥60 mL/min/1.73 ...
Vanvuchelen M - - 2011
The teaching of imitation skills is often the first step in interventions for young learners with intellectual disabilities. The main goal of this study was to determine the smallest detectable difference (SDD) at 95% confidence of the Preschool Imitation and Praxis Scale (PIPS) in preschoolers with intellectual disabilities. Two raters ...
La Grow Steven - - 2011
The purpose of this paper was to determine the extent to which factors thought to be related to quality of life (QoL) among older persons with a visual disability impact on their perceived QoL (PQol). Analysis was conducted on responses from the second wave of a large population-based longitudinal study ...
Wong Rebeca R University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, - - 2010
To examine the old-age consequences of international migration with a focus on disability and wealth from the perspective of the origin country. Analysis sample includes persons aged 60+ from the Mexican Health and Aging Study, a national survey of older adults in Mexico in 2001. Univariate methods are used to ...
Griffith Lauren - - 2010
to investigate the population impact on functional disability of chronic conditions individually and in combination. data from 9,008 community-dwelling individuals aged 65 and older from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA) were used to estimate the population attributable risk (PAR) for chronic conditions after adjusting for confounding variables. ...
Rejeski W J WJ Departments of Health and Exercise Science and Geriatric Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2010
We examine obesity, intentional weight loss and physical disability in older adults. Based on prospective epidemiological studies, body mass index exhibits a curvilinear relationship with physical disability; there appears to be some protective effect associated with older adults being overweight. Whereas the greatest risk for physical disability occurs in older ...
Lindsay Sally - - 2011
Purpose. Little is known about the work experiences of youth as they transition to adulthood. The purpose of this study is to explore the characteristics associated with disabled youth who are employed and the types of employment they are engaged in. Method.  Data were analysed using the 2006 Participation and Activity ...
Chiu Ching-Ju - - 2011
This research combined cross-sectional and longitudinal data to characterize age-related trajectories in physical disability for adults with and without diabetes in the United States and to investigate if those patterns differ by age, gender, race or ethnicity, and education. Data were examined on 20,433 adults aged 51 and older from ...
Chou Yueh-Ching - - 2011
ABSTRACTBackground: Informal, unpaid, and lifelong older caregivers of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) are usually female and most often are mothers of adults with ID. However, research exploring different predictors of subjective and objective burden among these older female caregivers is sparse. The objective of this study was to examine ...
Katzenellenbogen Judith M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The disability-adjusted life year index is used extensively to compare disease burden among diseases and locations, but difficulties remain in accurately estimating the nonfatal stroke burden in years lived with disability. AIMS: To improve stroke-related years lived with disability estimates in Western Australia for 2000, by improving the accuracy ...
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