Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 895
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Gill Thomas M - - 2003
The objective of this prospective cohort study, conducted in 1998-2002 in New Haven, Connecticut, was to determine the prognostic effect of prior episodes of disability. The analytical sample included 580 community-living persons aged 71 years or older who were nondisabled during an 18-month face-to-face assessment (i.e., zero-time). During monthly telephone ...
Davies B - - 2003
This study investigated mobility outcome following unilateral trans-tibial or trans-femoral amputation. It was an observational study at the sub-regional amputee rehabilitation centre in Sheffield, UK. All unilateral trans-tibial or transfemoral amputees referred during the study period were included. The Harold Wood Stanmore mobility grade was recorded approximately one year following ...
Lissner Lauren - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe a cohort study of women receiving a series of comprehensive health examinations over 32 years. DESIGN: Longitudinal population study based on a randomised sample of the female population from defined age cohorts. SETTING: City of Göteborg, Sweden. SUBJECTS: Subjects were 38, 46, 50, 54 or 60 years ...
Tolboom N - - 2004
We studied the effects of spondylodesis on spinal curvature, functional outcome, level of ambulation and perceived competence in 11 children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Mean age at surgical intervention was 13.1 years (SD 2.5 years) and follow-up amounted to 3.4 years (SD 2.3 years). Spinal curvature was measured according to ...
Melzer David - - 2003
BACKGROUND: self-reported disability reflects physical, environmental and attitudinal factors. We have previously reported the empirical identification of three simple tests to provide an index of (ambulatory) mobility-related physiological limitations (MOBLI). Evidence of the MOBLI 's responsiveness over time has been presented. Evidence of the predictive validity of the index is ...
Benrud-Larson Lisa M - - 2003
The study investigated correlates of functional disability in 94 patients (89.4% women, 10.6% men; mean age=34.2 years) with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), a clinical syndrome of orthostatic intolerance characterized by significant functional limitations. Path analysis supported a model in which, controlling for demographic and disease variables, catastrophic cognitions were directly ...
Pappert E J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To define the long-term outcome in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) using objective rating measures. BACKGROUND: Previous historical studies suggest spontaneous improvement of tic symptoms after adolescence, but objective longitudinal data are limited. METHODS: The authors reviewed all videotapes in their database (1978 through 1991) of children with ...
Sundström P - - 2003
The aims of this study of a cross-sectional multiple sclerosis (MS) population in Västerbotten County, northern Sweden, were to estimate the prevalence of sick leave, professional assistance and housing; to study risk factors for sick leave; and to estimate the odds for sick leave in comparison with the general population ...
Falkenbach Albrecht - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine for patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) which factors are associated with disability and restricted body function. METHODS: In 1538 patients with AS, occiput-to-wall distance, chest expansion, cervical rotation, finger-floor distance, and modified Schober test were measured cross-sectionally, and for each measure the patient's respective percentile was calculated. ...
Haley Stephen M - - 2003
This study describes the physical disability of 30 children and adolescents with Pompe disease (23 males, 7 females; mean age 7 years 7 months, SD 5 years 6 months; range 6 months to 22 years 1 month) using a disease-specific functional instrument. Data were collected by telephone interview with parents ...
Cutler Stephen J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether age differences in home computer availability and use are due to variations in compositional characteristics (e.g., income or disabilities) of age cohorts. METHODS: Data are drawn from the September 2001 Current Population Survey and its supplement on computer and Internet ...
Steiner T J - - 2003
This study estimates the 1-year prevalence of migraine in adults in England in relation to the major demographic variables of age, gender and ethnicity, and describes some of its features, including aspects of consequential disability. A telephone survey was conducted of a random sample (n = 4007) of the population ...
Chen Andrew L - - 2003
Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis commonly disables and functionally limits the aging population. Degenerative changes may constrict the spinal canal, lateral recesses, and neural foramina, compressing the neural elements. Clinicians can make an earlier, more accurate diagnosis by using advanced imaging techniques. Nonoperative management is the mainstay of treatment, although surgery ...
McColl Mary Ann - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To quantify relationships among 3 sets of factors: demographic factors, health and disability factors, and quality of life (QOL). DESIGN: Part of a program of longitudinal research on aging and spinal cord injury (SCI) involving 3 populations: American, British, and Canadian. The present analysis uses data from the 1999 ...
Starr John M - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Six hundred and three community-resident, healthy, unmedicated people aged 70 years and over had psychometric testing and blood pressure measured in 1990-1. Participants were followed up in 1994-5, 1997-8 and in this fourth wave of the project, 1999-2000, to determine key predictors of, and associations with successful ...
Lifshitz Hefziba - - 2003
The present study was conducted to compare ageing phenomena in people with intellectual disabilities aged 40 years and above living in community residences (n = 29) with those living with their families (n = 31). The goals were to compare the health status between the two types of settings, to ...
Tam Sing-Fai - - 2003
In the present study, the authors evaluated the self-concept levels of Hong Kong Chinese adults with visible and not visible physical disabilities. Fifty-five Hong Kong Chinese (22 men and 33 women) aged 18 to 55 (M = 39.50, SD = 10.21) participated-20 without physical disabilities (control group), 20 with visible ...
Rosina Robyn - - 2003
The present study was undertaken to explore the psychosocial functioning of young people with chronic illness, their beliefs about treatment adherence, difficulties with adherence and concerns about living with their illness. A small correlational study was undertaken to compare the psychosocial functioning of young people, with and without chronic illness, ...
Service Kathryn Pekala - - 2003
Many people with I/DD are growing older and in increasing numbers. Generally people with I/DD experience the same physical process of aging as do individuals without lifelong disabilities with the exception of those individuals who have Down syndrome who may show physical signs of aging as much as 20 years ...
Bohnker Bruce K - - 2003
An analysis is provided from 19,265 Physical Evaluation Board diagnoses from 10,406 Navy personnel from 1998 to 2000. The leading diagnostic categories were musculoskeletal and mental disorders as well as for subgroups of women and officers. Musculoskeletal conditions were 41.6% of the diagnoses and decreased with advancing age (42.9% for ...
- - 2003
Arthritis and other rheumatic conditions are among the most common chronic diseases, affecting 70 million U.S. adults in 2001, and comprise the leading cause of disability among U.S. adults. Arthritis prevalence increases with age, affecting approximately 60% of the U.S. population aged >/= 65 years. As a result of better ...
Jahnsen Reidun - - 2003
Fatigue is commonly reported among adults with cerebral palsy (CP) and in the general population. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of perceived fatigue in adults with CP compared with the general Norwegian population. A multidimensional questionnaire, containing among other instruments the Fatigue Questionnaire, was sent ...
Jang Y - - 2003
This study examined the roles of psychosocial attributes in the associations between potential risk factors (age, gender, marital status, education, and chronic conditions) and disability in later life, and in particular how neuroticism and social resources (social network, received support, and satisfaction with support) modify the linkages between risk factors ...
Nagamatsu Toshiya - - 2003
We measured functional fitness in older subjects and performed a follow-up survey for 6 years to clarify whether the level of functional fitness at a given point contributes to prediction of the subsequent occurrence of impairment of functions necessary for independent living. The longitudinal data were obtained for 391 persons ...
Janu Margaret R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The use of laboratory intervals based on younger and healthier populations is of questionable validity in older populations. The aim of this study was to examine haematological and biochemical profiles in a sample of community-dwelling older people and to study the impact of age, disease, disability and medications. METHODS: ...
Brodsky Jenny - - 2003
In 2001 the number of residents aged 65 and over in Israel was 639,000, or 10% of the population. The rate of increase of the elderly population is twice that of the general population, thus the predicted number of elderly for 2020 is around 1,025,000, representing a 60% increase. While ...
Carmeli Eli - - 2003
Longer life expectancy is resulting in increasing numbers of elderly adults with intellectual disability (ID). There has been the question whether persons with ID demonstrate early signs of aging before the general population. The aim of this study was to determine if persons with ID (with and without Down syndrome) ...
Mitsui T - - 2003
AIM: To determine whether there are differences in small bowel bacterial overgrowth (SBBO) and rice digestion between healthy and disabled older adults and to estimate the influence of physical activity on these nutritional statuses. METHOD: Fifteen disabled adults who commute to a day-care centre and 11 healthy older adults participated ...
Shu Bih-Ching - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to explore the self-concept of elderly adults residing in retirement centers as well as its relationship to other variables, including function of activities of daily living (ADL), subjective well being, etc. Selected demographic attributes (sex, age, years of education etc.) were also examined for ...
Shumway-Cook Anne - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between characteristics of the physical environment and mobility disability in community-living older persons. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted on three groups of community-dwelling older adults. SETTING: Community-dwelling older people in Seattle, Washington, and Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four older adults (> or =70) were recruited from ...
Davis, Brett
Based on the Australian Bureau of Statistics surveys of 1981, 1988, 1993 and 1998 the paper present estimates of health expectancies of the states Disability-free and Disabled, for females and males aged 60 and over by cohort from 1980, and current for the survey years. Recently developed logistic regression techniques ...
- - 2003
Musculoskeletal conditions are extremely common and include more than 150 different diseases and syndromes, which are usually associated with pain and loss of function. In the developed world, where these conditions are already the most frequent cause of physical disability, ageing of the most populous demographic groups will further increase ...
Sokka Tuulikki - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with HAQ scores from a sex- and age-adjusted population. METHODS: Patients with RA (n = 1,095) and control subjects (n = 1,530) completed a mailed questionnaire that comprised the HAQ, pain and global health scores, education ...
Sulander Tommi T - - 2003
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine whether functional ability among 65- to 79-year-old Finnish men and women changed at population level from the 1980s to 1990s and how gender, age, previous occupation, and marital status are associated with functional ability and whether these associations have changed over ...
Freedman Vicki A VA Polisher Research Institute, Madlyn and Leonard Abramson Center for Jewish Life, 1425 Horsham Rd, North Wales, PA 19454, USA. - - 2002
Several well-publicized recent studies have suggested that disability among older Americans has declined in the last decade. To assess the quality, quantity, and consistency of recent evidence on US trends in the prevalence of self-rated old age disability and physical, cognitive, and sensory limitations during the late 1980s and 1990s ...
Putnam Michelle - - 2002
PURPOSE: Social theories of aging are discussed in relation to their preparedness to address the aging-with-physical impairment phenomenon. DESIGN AND METHODS: An overview of the social theories of aging is presented. Individual theories of aging are reviewed to examine (a) how they currently depict and/or include disability in their frameworks ...
Strawbridge William J - - 2002
PURPOSE: This research evaluates the utility of two different definitions of successful aging in predicting well-being. DESIGN AND METHODS: We assessed the definitions of (a) self-rating and (b) Rowe and Kahn's criteria of absence of disease, disability, and risk factors; maintaining physical and mental functioning; and active engagement with life. ...
Tobiasz-Adamczyk B - - 2002
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The study aim is to present changes in the self-rating of health and functional status in performing activities of daily living, reported by the elderly persons with ischaemic heart disease (IHD), at the time interval of 12 years. Gender-related differences as well as socio-medical characteristics have ...
Haken Liesbeth M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study presents an alternative assessment method for establishing the demand for an old age home among a community-dwelling older population. The instrument, called 'orientation towards admission into an old age home', represents the intensity of the need for admission as expressed by older people themselves. Therefore it is ...
Litwin H - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between chronological age, disability and mental health in later life. Secondary analysis of data from a national probability sample of Jewish persons age 60 and over in Israel (n = 2,079) was employed. Mental health, measured on a 12-item mood ...
Valderrama-Gama Emiliana - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A major component of disability is related to chronic disease, but the study of self-reported causes of disability could add new aspects in understanding this process. The main objective of this work was to determine the associations between chronic diseases and disability and to describe the pattern of self-reported ...
Mulligan Roseann - - 2002
Given that, collectively, women are the longer-lived of the human species, it is fitting that we examine the impact and correlations of aging on systemic and oral health with women as the paradigm. Aging, however, is not a homogeneous process. Its influences are as diverse as the subgroups of people ...
Dykens E M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although children with Down's syndrome (DS) are at lower risk for psychopathology than others with intellectual disability, they do show more problems than typically developing children. However, age-related trends in these problems remain unclear. METHODS: The present authors examined age-related changes in the maladaptive behaviours of 211 children and ...
Fleishman John A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Estimates of group differences in functional disability may be biased if items exhibit differential item functioning (DIF). For a given item, DIF exists if persons in different groups do not have the same probability of responding, given their level of disability. This study examines the extent to which DIF ...
Levy Becca R BR Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, 60 College Street, New Haven, CT 06520-8034, USA. - - 2002
We examined whether those with more positive self-perceptions of aging (older individuals' beliefs about their own aging) report better functional health over an 18-year period than do those with more negative self-perceptions of aging. We found that those with more positive self-perceptions of aging in 1975 reported better functional health ...
Strawbridge William J - - 2002
Previous studies assessing protective effects of physical activity on depression have had conflicting results; one recent study argued that excluding disabled subjects attenuated any observed effects. The authors' objective was to compare the effects of higher levels of physical activity on prevalent and incident depression with and without exclusion of ...
Mehr David R - - 2002
Although increasing disability is a common concomitant of old age, several interventions may prevent or delay disabling diseases. The "young-old" differ little from middle-aged people in their potential to benefit from many interventions. As age increases, clinicians need to become increasingly circumspect about interventions with a potential for harm and ...
Salerno Judith A - - 2002
With the increasing numbers of the population aging, we are paying close attention to the opportunities and to the challenges of growing older. The needs of an aging populace are being met with a dramatic increase in research into the biology of aging, reducing disease and disability, and behavioral and ...
Picavet H S J - - 2002
Physical disability represents an important health indicator of western populations. In this paper the prevalence of physical disabilities in The Netherlands is presented for four domains of disability-visual, hearing, mobility and activities of daily living (ADL) disability-with a focus on risk groups and time trends.Cross-sectional national health survey data (NetHIS) ...
Shumway-Cook Anne - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In this study, the influence of 8 dimensions of the physical environment on mobility in older adults with and without mobility disability was measured. This was done in order to identify environmental factors that contribute to mobility disability. SUBJECTS: Subjects were 36 older adults ((> or = ...
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