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Results 451 - 500 of 851
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Levy Becca R - - 2002
We examined whether those with more positive self-perceptions of aging (older individuals' beliefs about their own aging) report better functional health over an 18-year period than do those with more negative self-perceptions of aging. We found that those with more positive self-perceptions of aging in 1975 reported better functional health ...
Strawbridge William J - - 2002
Previous studies assessing protective effects of physical activity on depression have had conflicting results; one recent study argued that excluding disabled subjects attenuated any observed effects. The authors' objective was to compare the effects of higher levels of physical activity on prevalent and incident depression with and without exclusion of ...
Mehr David R - - 2002
Although increasing disability is a common concomitant of old age, several interventions may prevent or delay disabling diseases. The "young-old" differ little from middle-aged people in their potential to benefit from many interventions. As age increases, clinicians need to become increasingly circumspect about interventions with a potential for harm and ...
Salerno Judith A - - 2002
With the increasing numbers of the population aging, we are paying close attention to the opportunities and to the challenges of growing older. The needs of an aging populace are being met with a dramatic increase in research into the biology of aging, reducing disease and disability, and behavioral and ...
Picavet H S J - - 2002
Physical disability represents an important health indicator of western populations. In this paper the prevalence of physical disabilities in The Netherlands is presented for four domains of disability-visual, hearing, mobility and activities of daily living (ADL) disability-with a focus on risk groups and time trends.Cross-sectional national health survey data (NetHIS) ...
Shumway-Cook Anne - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In this study, the influence of 8 dimensions of the physical environment on mobility in older adults with and without mobility disability was measured. This was done in order to identify environmental factors that contribute to mobility disability. SUBJECTS: Subjects were 36 older adults ((> or = ...
Carlsson I - - 2002
In Sweden, a psychiatry reform, aimed at improving the living conditions of the psychiatrically disabled, came into force in 1995. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the reform by investigating quality of life and standard of living 2 years later in a randomly selected ...
Dunlop Dorothy D DD Institute for Health Services Research and Policy Studies, Northwestern University, Evanston IL 60208, USA. - - 2002
To evaluate the relation of chronic conditions, gender, and race to the incidence of activities of daily living (ADLs) limitation in older adults. The 2-year cumulative incidence of functional limitation was estimated from survival analysis methods by using elders without baseline functional limitations. Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSOA). Initial interviews: ...
Hubert Helen B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There has been much debate regarding the degree to which healthy lifestyles can increase longevity and whether added years will be offset by increased morbidity at older ages. This study was designed to test the compression of morbidity hypothesis, proposing that healthy lifestyles can reduce and compress disability into ...
Verreault René - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) predict accelerated decline in muscular strength or onset of new disability in mobility and upper extremity functioning over a 3-year follow-up. DESIGN: A community-based prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred twenty-eight moderately to severely disabled women ...
Jiang Jingmei - - 2002
To describe changes in activities of daily living (ADL) of community-dwelling Beijing elderly people, observed for 8 years, and to identify the demographic characteristics that predict the functional change. Four sets of interview data from 1992 to 2000 were used to evaluate changes among Beijing elderly aged 55 years and ...
Pugh Kenneth G - - 2002
Many features of aging suggest dysfunction in both frontal and subcortical regions. Connections between the two areas form a series of pathways that critically influence various aspects of cognition, motor control, affect, and as recently discovered, normal urinary function. Age-related changes in the structure and integrity of these circuits may ...
Janssen Ian - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of sarcopenia in older Americans and to test the hypothesis that sarcopenia is related to functional impairment and physical disability in older persons. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Nationally representative cross-sectional survey using data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). PARTICIPANTS: ...
Lindsay W R - - 2002
The present paper sets out to review the literature on several aspects of sex offenders with intellectual and developmental disabilities, including the relationship between sex offending and developmental disabilities, the prevalence and characteristics of sex offenders in this client group, assessment, treatment, and outcome of intervention. Several important variables were ...
Janicki M P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The health status and health needs of adults with intellectual disability (ID) change with advancing age, and are often accompanied by difficulties with vision, hearing, mobility, stamina and some mental processes. AIM: The present study collected health status information on a large cohort of adults with ID aged > ...
Schieman Scott - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to examine competing explanatory and suppression influences on a negative, linear association between age and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Two samples were used: a community sample of physically disabled individuals and a comparison sample matched on age, sex, and area of residence. RESULTS: Fewer economic hardships and ...
Carter Christy S CS Department of Internal Medicine, Section on Gerontology and Geriatrics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA. - - 2002
In humans, physical performance declines with increasing age, and in nondisabled older persons, scores on standardized performance measures, such as walking speed, repeated chair stands, and a balance test, predict the incidence of disability and reduced longevity. Here we show in aged rats (24-month-old Brown Norway x Fischer 344 male ...
Trojano Maria - - 2002
There is evidence that the clinical course of multiple sclerosis is age related. The present study evaluated the relationship between age and rate of disability progression in a large hospital-based cohort of definite cases of multiple sclerosis (n= 1,463). Patients were followed every 6 to 12 months for a total ...
Ferguson Anne P - - 2002
A postal study was completed by 138 members of the Tuberous Sclerosis Association for individuals with severe learning disabilities from tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) (78 males, median 20 years of age; 60 females median 19 years 6 months of age) to investigate the abilities and care needs of these adolescents ...
Taleporos George - - 2002
The current study used qualitative methodology to investigate the body image concerns of people with physical disabilities. Three males and four females aged between 22 and 50 years, in Melbourne, Australia, participated in the study. Three participants were heterosexual, two were homosexual and two described their sexual identity as predominantly ...
Cress M Elaine - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. OBJECTIVES: To develop a performance-based physical functional measure for people using a manual wheelchair, and to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of the administration of the new procedure. BACKGROUND: Most performance-based measures of physical function focus on balance and ambulation impairments. Recent developments of performance measures ...
Kempen Gertrudis I J M - - 2002
The impact of attrition was studied in a two-wave panel study on the associations between psychological attributes (mastery, self-efficacy expectancies) and disability increase among low-functioning older persons (n = 753, 76.4% participated at the follow-up 2 years later). The results showed that: (1) attrition at follow-up was clearly associated with ...
Drusini A G - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Development of simple and accurate indicators of frailty is an important research goal in aging societies. One-leg standing balance (OLSB) has been proposed as a component of a clinical index of frailty. METHODS: We analyzed relationships between results of OLSB testing and multiple health risk factors and ...
Gregg Noel - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine specific word- and sentence-level features most frequently used in the expository writing of four groups of college writers. Three groups were writers who demonstrated disabilities. Group 1 students (n = 87) demonstrated learning disabilities (LD); Group 2 (n = 50), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder ...
Locker David - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the onset of and recovery from chewing problems in an older adult population over a seven-year period and to describe factors associated with these changes. Of particular interest was the relationship between general health and changes in oral functioning. METHODS: The ...
Essink-Bot Marie-Louise - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sources of cross-national variation in disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) in the European Disability Weights Project. METHODS: Disability weights for 15 disease stages were derived empirically in five countries by means of a standardized procedure and the cross-national differences in visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were analysed. For ...
Imuta H - - 2001
There is insufficient epidemiological data about frail elders in Japan. Few studies concerning the relationship between psychosocial characteristics and frailty exist in the literature. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and to explore the characteristics of the frail elderly in a community of Japan by cross-sectional ...
Chataway J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess the potential contribution of genetic factors to clinical phenotype in multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Using a cohort of 262 pairs of coaffected siblings from 250 families with multiple sclerosis, intersibling concordance analysis was used to explore underlying genetic mechanisms in disease pathogenesis by assessing parameters of disease course, ...
Tamrat G - - 2001
PURPOSE: To identify disabilities and to determine their prevalence, age of onset and perceived cause in one urban and three rural areas in Northern Ethiopia. METHOD: A community based cross-sectional study of households that were selected by systematic sampling. Trained enumerators identified individuals with physical disabilities or epilepsy who were ...
Tshala-Katumbay D - - 2001
PURPOSE: To assess impairments, disabilities and handicap pattern in konzo. METHOD: The study included 17 konzo subjects, of which three were males and 14 females (mean age 21, median 18 years). A detailed neurological examination was performed on all subjects. Subsequently, an assessment of impairments, disabilities and handicap was done ...
Liang J - - 2001
The vast majority of research on socioeconomic status (SES) and old-age disability is based on data derived from the developed nations. This study evaluates the external validity of current findings by examining old-age disability in China, a developing nation. The direct, indirect, and total effects of SES on disability transitions ...
Winblad I - - 2001
The prevalence of disability at the age of 75+ measured by the Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) was compared among three birth cohorts: those born < or = 1903 (n = 348), those born < or = 1913 (n = 586), and those born < or = ...
Walter-Ginzburg A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) estimate rates of difficulty, need for assistance, and receipt of assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) among the old-old in Israel; (2) describe the living arrangements of the dependent old-old; and (3) gain insight into the caregiving provided to the ...
Wray L A - - 2001
PURPOSE: There is no clear consensus about how sex influences prevalent disability and through what mechanisms. We investigated whether sex had a direct independent effect on disability or whether sex had an interactive effect on the relationship between chronic diseases/conditions and disability, and whether these effects differed in middle-aged versus ...
Choi N G - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed rates of prevalence and incidence of, and transitions in, disease and disability statuses of those aged 51 to 61 years and the predictors of the transition outcomes-remaining free of disease or disability, getting better, or getting worse-over a 2-year period. METHODS: Data from the 1992 and ...
Avlund K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether functional ability at age 75 and age 80 is associated with oral health and use of dental services cross-sectionally and whether changes in functional ability from age 75 to age 80 are associated with oral health and regular use of dental services at age 80. DESIGN: ...
Mayer T - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study evaluating age as a factor in treatment outcomes for chronic disabling work-related spinal disorders undergoing tertiary rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between age and objective psychosocioeconomic treatment outcomes for work-related spinal disorders undergoing functional restoration. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: As early as the ...
Mirowsky J - - 2001
The amount of depression associated with economic hardship among adults may depend on age. This study tests alternative hypotheses about the interaction. The first asserts that the amount of depression associated with economic hardship decreases with older age because of maturity and experience. The second, the opposite, asserts that the ...
Thomas V S - - 2001
Dementia has been recognized as the strongest determinant for developing functional disability. However, dementia patients typically present with concomitant illness, thereby making difficult a determination of the fraction of disability due to dementia. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of functional disability among demented and nondemented ...
Finch C - - 2001
PURPOSE: To assess the extent to which a current injury or disability is a significant barrier to being more active. METHODS: Data on current injury or disability as a reported barrier to being more physically active were extracted from an urban-representative population survey. Multivariate logistic regression analyses assessed the association ...
Zunzunegui M V - - 2001
The objectives of this study were to describe follow-up dynamics in a longitudinal study on aging conducted in Spain between 1993 and 1997, and to identify the demographic, behavioral and health characteristics of persons who would later refuse to continue participating, move out of the area or be hard to ...
Jagger C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the order in which activities of daily living (ADLs) are lost and whether the order is invariant between the sexes and age groups. DESIGN: Longitudinal data from the first five rounds of a routine health assessment by a nurse in participant's own home. SETTING: One large UK ...
Iezzoni L I - - 2001
Lower extremity mobility difficulties often result from common medical conditions and can disrupt both physical and emotional well-being. To assess the national prevalence of mobility difficulties among noninstitutionalized adults and to examine associations with demographic characteristics and other physical and mental health problems. Cross-sectional survey using the 1994-1995 National Health ...
Pisecco S - - 2001
We examined distinctions in the early childhood characteristics of boys with reading disabilities (RD) and/or attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A four-group mixed design consisting of boys identified at age 11 with reading disabilities only (RD only; n = 46), reading disabilities and ADHD (RD/ADHD; n = 16), ADHD only (n ...
Kassouf A L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of employment in childhood on self-reported health in adulthood. METHOD: A cross-sectional household survey, with households selected through two-stage sampling, in urban and rural areas in the northeast and southeast of Brazil. A total of 4940 individuals, aged between 18 and 65 years, were included. ...
Ville I - - 2001
The purpose of the research described in this article is to study the effects of severe motor impairments on a person's well-being, by attempting to throw light upon the inconsistencies found in the previous literature, which are due to problems of a conceptual and methodological nature. The data were gathered ...
Zuliani G - - 2001
Besides functional impairment, several factors have been associated with mortality in institutionalized older subjects, including advanced age, gender, comorbidity, and malnutrition. We investigated the possible association of a large number of factors, including functional, anthropometric, nutritional, metabolic, clinical, and demographic variables, with two-year all-cause mortality in a sample of 344 ...
Sarkisian C A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To describe women who attribute new disability to old age and to identify demographic, medical, behavioral, and psychosocial characteristics that correlate with attributing new disability to old age. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with 4-year follow-up. SETTING: Four geographic regions of the United States. PARTICIPANTS: 9704 women aged > or ...
Vandenakker C B - - 2001
Aging involves change and adaptation to change. The normal or usual changes of aging often have significantly greater impact on an individual whose disability has limited his or her physical or socioeconomic reserves. The aging process itself may be accelerated by overuse and compensatory mechanisms. The changes of aging have ...
Inoue K - - 2001
The present study investigated the association between sociodemoraphic profiles, health condition and functional disabilities of subjects with a homebound status in a rural community setting. The subjects were residents aged 65 years or over in a mountain village of Japan. A comprehensive questionnaire was used to obtain their data. Among ...
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