Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 871
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Janu Margaret R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The use of laboratory intervals based on younger and healthier populations is of questionable validity in older populations. The aim of this study was to examine haematological and biochemical profiles in a sample of community-dwelling older people and to study the impact of age, disease, disability and medications. METHODS: ...
Brodsky Jenny - - 2003
In 2001 the number of residents aged 65 and over in Israel was 639,000, or 10% of the population. The rate of increase of the elderly population is twice that of the general population, thus the predicted number of elderly for 2020 is around 1,025,000, representing a 60% increase. While ...
Carmeli Eli - - 2003
Longer life expectancy is resulting in increasing numbers of elderly adults with intellectual disability (ID). There has been the question whether persons with ID demonstrate early signs of aging before the general population. The aim of this study was to determine if persons with ID (with and without Down syndrome) ...
Mitsui T - - 2003
AIM: To determine whether there are differences in small bowel bacterial overgrowth (SBBO) and rice digestion between healthy and disabled older adults and to estimate the influence of physical activity on these nutritional statuses. METHOD: Fifteen disabled adults who commute to a day-care centre and 11 healthy older adults participated ...
Shu Bih-Ching - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to explore the self-concept of elderly adults residing in retirement centers as well as its relationship to other variables, including function of activities of daily living (ADL), subjective well being, etc. Selected demographic attributes (sex, age, years of education etc.) were also examined for ...
Shumway-Cook Anne - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between characteristics of the physical environment and mobility disability in community-living older persons. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted on three groups of community-dwelling older adults. SETTING: Community-dwelling older people in Seattle, Washington, and Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four older adults (> or =70) were recruited from ...
Davis, Brett
Based on the Australian Bureau of Statistics surveys of 1981, 1988, 1993 and 1998 the paper present estimates of health expectancies of the states Disability-free and Disabled, for females and males aged 60 and over by cohort from 1980, and current for the survey years. Recently developed logistic regression techniques ...
- - 2003
Musculoskeletal conditions are extremely common and include more than 150 different diseases and syndromes, which are usually associated with pain and loss of function. In the developed world, where these conditions are already the most frequent cause of physical disability, ageing of the most populous demographic groups will further increase ...
Sokka Tuulikki - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with HAQ scores from a sex- and age-adjusted population. METHODS: Patients with RA (n = 1,095) and control subjects (n = 1,530) completed a mailed questionnaire that comprised the HAQ, pain and global health scores, education ...
Sulander Tommi T - - 2003
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine whether functional ability among 65- to 79-year-old Finnish men and women changed at population level from the 1980s to 1990s and how gender, age, previous occupation, and marital status are associated with functional ability and whether these associations have changed over ...
Freedman Vicki A VA Polisher Research Institute, Madlyn and Leonard Abramson Center for Jewish Life, 1425 Horsham Rd, North Wales, PA 19454, USA. - - 2002
Several well-publicized recent studies have suggested that disability among older Americans has declined in the last decade. To assess the quality, quantity, and consistency of recent evidence on US trends in the prevalence of self-rated old age disability and physical, cognitive, and sensory limitations during the late 1980s and 1990s ...
Putnam Michelle - - 2002
PURPOSE: Social theories of aging are discussed in relation to their preparedness to address the aging-with-physical impairment phenomenon. DESIGN AND METHODS: An overview of the social theories of aging is presented. Individual theories of aging are reviewed to examine (a) how they currently depict and/or include disability in their frameworks ...
Strawbridge William J - - 2002
PURPOSE: This research evaluates the utility of two different definitions of successful aging in predicting well-being. DESIGN AND METHODS: We assessed the definitions of (a) self-rating and (b) Rowe and Kahn's criteria of absence of disease, disability, and risk factors; maintaining physical and mental functioning; and active engagement with life. ...
Tobiasz-Adamczyk B - - 2002
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The study aim is to present changes in the self-rating of health and functional status in performing activities of daily living, reported by the elderly persons with ischaemic heart disease (IHD), at the time interval of 12 years. Gender-related differences as well as socio-medical characteristics have ...
Haken Liesbeth M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study presents an alternative assessment method for establishing the demand for an old age home among a community-dwelling older population. The instrument, called 'orientation towards admission into an old age home', represents the intensity of the need for admission as expressed by older people themselves. Therefore it is ...
Litwin H - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between chronological age, disability and mental health in later life. Secondary analysis of data from a national probability sample of Jewish persons age 60 and over in Israel (n = 2,079) was employed. Mental health, measured on a 12-item mood ...
Valderrama-Gama Emiliana - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A major component of disability is related to chronic disease, but the study of self-reported causes of disability could add new aspects in understanding this process. The main objective of this work was to determine the associations between chronic diseases and disability and to describe the pattern of self-reported ...
Mulligan Roseann - - 2002
Given that, collectively, women are the longer-lived of the human species, it is fitting that we examine the impact and correlations of aging on systemic and oral health with women as the paradigm. Aging, however, is not a homogeneous process. Its influences are as diverse as the subgroups of people ...
Dykens E M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although children with Down's syndrome (DS) are at lower risk for psychopathology than others with intellectual disability, they do show more problems than typically developing children. However, age-related trends in these problems remain unclear. METHODS: The present authors examined age-related changes in the maladaptive behaviours of 211 children and ...
Fleishman John A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Estimates of group differences in functional disability may be biased if items exhibit differential item functioning (DIF). For a given item, DIF exists if persons in different groups do not have the same probability of responding, given their level of disability. This study examines the extent to which DIF ...
Levy Becca R BR Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, 60 College Street, New Haven, CT 06520-8034, USA. - - 2002
We examined whether those with more positive self-perceptions of aging (older individuals' beliefs about their own aging) report better functional health over an 18-year period than do those with more negative self-perceptions of aging. We found that those with more positive self-perceptions of aging in 1975 reported better functional health ...
Strawbridge William J - - 2002
Previous studies assessing protective effects of physical activity on depression have had conflicting results; one recent study argued that excluding disabled subjects attenuated any observed effects. The authors' objective was to compare the effects of higher levels of physical activity on prevalent and incident depression with and without exclusion of ...
Mehr David R - - 2002
Although increasing disability is a common concomitant of old age, several interventions may prevent or delay disabling diseases. The "young-old" differ little from middle-aged people in their potential to benefit from many interventions. As age increases, clinicians need to become increasingly circumspect about interventions with a potential for harm and ...
Salerno Judith A - - 2002
With the increasing numbers of the population aging, we are paying close attention to the opportunities and to the challenges of growing older. The needs of an aging populace are being met with a dramatic increase in research into the biology of aging, reducing disease and disability, and behavioral and ...
Picavet H S J - - 2002
Physical disability represents an important health indicator of western populations. In this paper the prevalence of physical disabilities in The Netherlands is presented for four domains of disability-visual, hearing, mobility and activities of daily living (ADL) disability-with a focus on risk groups and time trends.Cross-sectional national health survey data (NetHIS) ...
Shumway-Cook Anne - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In this study, the influence of 8 dimensions of the physical environment on mobility in older adults with and without mobility disability was measured. This was done in order to identify environmental factors that contribute to mobility disability. SUBJECTS: Subjects were 36 older adults ((> or = ...
Carlsson I - - 2002
In Sweden, a psychiatry reform, aimed at improving the living conditions of the psychiatrically disabled, came into force in 1995. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the reform by investigating quality of life and standard of living 2 years later in a randomly selected ...
Dunlop Dorothy D DD Institute for Health Services Research and Policy Studies, Northwestern University, Evanston IL 60208, USA. - - 2002
To evaluate the relation of chronic conditions, gender, and race to the incidence of activities of daily living (ADLs) limitation in older adults. The 2-year cumulative incidence of functional limitation was estimated from survival analysis methods by using elders without baseline functional limitations. Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSOA). Initial interviews: ...
Hubert Helen B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There has been much debate regarding the degree to which healthy lifestyles can increase longevity and whether added years will be offset by increased morbidity at older ages. This study was designed to test the compression of morbidity hypothesis, proposing that healthy lifestyles can reduce and compress disability into ...
Verreault René - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) predict accelerated decline in muscular strength or onset of new disability in mobility and upper extremity functioning over a 3-year follow-up. DESIGN: A community-based prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred twenty-eight moderately to severely disabled women ...
Jiang Jingmei - - 2002
To describe changes in activities of daily living (ADL) of community-dwelling Beijing elderly people, observed for 8 years, and to identify the demographic characteristics that predict the functional change. Four sets of interview data from 1992 to 2000 were used to evaluate changes among Beijing elderly aged 55 years and ...
Pugh Kenneth G - - 2002
Many features of aging suggest dysfunction in both frontal and subcortical regions. Connections between the two areas form a series of pathways that critically influence various aspects of cognition, motor control, affect, and as recently discovered, normal urinary function. Age-related changes in the structure and integrity of these circuits may ...
Janssen Ian - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of sarcopenia in older Americans and to test the hypothesis that sarcopenia is related to functional impairment and physical disability in older persons. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Nationally representative cross-sectional survey using data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). PARTICIPANTS: ...
Lindsay W R - - 2002
The present paper sets out to review the literature on several aspects of sex offenders with intellectual and developmental disabilities, including the relationship between sex offending and developmental disabilities, the prevalence and characteristics of sex offenders in this client group, assessment, treatment, and outcome of intervention. Several important variables were ...
Janicki M P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The health status and health needs of adults with intellectual disability (ID) change with advancing age, and are often accompanied by difficulties with vision, hearing, mobility, stamina and some mental processes. AIM: The present study collected health status information on a large cohort of adults with ID aged > ...
Schieman Scott - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to examine competing explanatory and suppression influences on a negative, linear association between age and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Two samples were used: a community sample of physically disabled individuals and a comparison sample matched on age, sex, and area of residence. RESULTS: Fewer economic hardships and ...
Carter Christy S CS Department of Internal Medicine, Section on Gerontology and Geriatrics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA. - - 2002
In humans, physical performance declines with increasing age, and in nondisabled older persons, scores on standardized performance measures, such as walking speed, repeated chair stands, and a balance test, predict the incidence of disability and reduced longevity. Here we show in aged rats (24-month-old Brown Norway x Fischer 344 male ...
Trojano Maria - - 2002
There is evidence that the clinical course of multiple sclerosis is age related. The present study evaluated the relationship between age and rate of disability progression in a large hospital-based cohort of definite cases of multiple sclerosis (n= 1,463). Patients were followed every 6 to 12 months for a total ...
Ferguson Anne P - - 2002
A postal study was completed by 138 members of the Tuberous Sclerosis Association for individuals with severe learning disabilities from tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) (78 males, median 20 years of age; 60 females median 19 years 6 months of age) to investigate the abilities and care needs of these adolescents ...
Taleporos George - - 2002
The current study used qualitative methodology to investigate the body image concerns of people with physical disabilities. Three males and four females aged between 22 and 50 years, in Melbourne, Australia, participated in the study. Three participants were heterosexual, two were homosexual and two described their sexual identity as predominantly ...
Cress M Elaine - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. OBJECTIVES: To develop a performance-based physical functional measure for people using a manual wheelchair, and to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of the administration of the new procedure. BACKGROUND: Most performance-based measures of physical function focus on balance and ambulation impairments. Recent developments of performance measures ...
Kempen Gertrudis I J M - - 2002
The impact of attrition was studied in a two-wave panel study on the associations between psychological attributes (mastery, self-efficacy expectancies) and disability increase among low-functioning older persons (n = 753, 76.4% participated at the follow-up 2 years later). The results showed that: (1) attrition at follow-up was clearly associated with ...
Drusini A G - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Development of simple and accurate indicators of frailty is an important research goal in aging societies. One-leg standing balance (OLSB) has been proposed as a component of a clinical index of frailty. METHODS: We analyzed relationships between results of OLSB testing and multiple health risk factors and ...
Gregg Noel - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine specific word- and sentence-level features most frequently used in the expository writing of four groups of college writers. Three groups were writers who demonstrated disabilities. Group 1 students (n = 87) demonstrated learning disabilities (LD); Group 2 (n = 50), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder ...
Locker David - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the onset of and recovery from chewing problems in an older adult population over a seven-year period and to describe factors associated with these changes. Of particular interest was the relationship between general health and changes in oral functioning. METHODS: The ...
Essink-Bot Marie-Louise - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sources of cross-national variation in disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) in the European Disability Weights Project. METHODS: Disability weights for 15 disease stages were derived empirically in five countries by means of a standardized procedure and the cross-national differences in visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were analysed. For ...
Imuta H - - 2001
There is insufficient epidemiological data about frail elders in Japan. Few studies concerning the relationship between psychosocial characteristics and frailty exist in the literature. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and to explore the characteristics of the frail elderly in a community of Japan by cross-sectional ...
Chataway J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess the potential contribution of genetic factors to clinical phenotype in multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Using a cohort of 262 pairs of coaffected siblings from 250 families with multiple sclerosis, intersibling concordance analysis was used to explore underlying genetic mechanisms in disease pathogenesis by assessing parameters of disease course, ...
Tamrat G - - 2001
PURPOSE: To identify disabilities and to determine their prevalence, age of onset and perceived cause in one urban and three rural areas in Northern Ethiopia. METHOD: A community based cross-sectional study of households that were selected by systematic sampling. Trained enumerators identified individuals with physical disabilities or epilepsy who were ...
Tshala-Katumbay D - - 2001
PURPOSE: To assess impairments, disabilities and handicap pattern in konzo. METHOD: The study included 17 konzo subjects, of which three were males and 14 females (mean age 21, median 18 years). A detailed neurological examination was performed on all subjects. Subsequently, an assessment of impairments, disabilities and handicap was done ...
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