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Awan Shaheen N - - 2012
Objective : This study compared measures of nasalance obtained using the Nasometer 6200 versus the Nasometer II 6400 in typically speaking young adult males and females for the nonnasal Zoo Passage, the phonetically balanced Rainbow Passage, and the Nasal Sentences. Design : Participants read passages at a comfortable pitch and ...
Lee Taeeun - - 2012
The aim of the study was to examine the different anatomic variations of the infraorbital foramen (IOF) in relation to sex, side, and age using three-dimensional computer tomography in East Asians. Three-dimensional computer tomography scans of patients who were admitted to our institution without any facial abnormality or fracture were ...
Han You - - 2012
First-principles density functional theory studies have been carried out to investigate the effects of perfect and defective anatase TiO(2) supports on the structural stabilities and electronic properties of Pd(m)Ag(n)(m + n = 2-5) bimetallic clusters. Our results showed that the structures of supported Pd-Ag bimetallic clusters are distorted compared to ...
Takahashi Yasuhiro - - 2012
A right orbit was exenterated from a male cadaver that was 85 years of age at death. It was microscopically shown for the first time that the lacrimal sac septum divided the lumen into two spaces. It consisted of fibrous tissue with a cavernous structure and was lined with stratified ...
Bartosová J - - 2012
Stressful manipulation by humans has been previously shown to result in opening the pre-orbital gland of the newborn red deer. We hypothesized that exposure of red deer to stressful handling would result in opening the pre-orbital gland. Further we tested the potential factors associated with pre-orbital opening including season, and ...
Bartosová J - - 2012
Opening of the pre-orbital gland in red deer (Cervus elaphus) was previously found to be associated with feeding and negatively associated with achieving satiety in bottlereared red deer calves. We speculated that this acted as a signal from a calf to the mother that it was hungry. Thus we focused ...
Onakpoya O H - - 2012
Aim: This study was named at determining normal orbital soft tissue parameters in young adults in an indigenous black population. Methodology: Prospective study on consentimg young adults in a Nigerian University with no previous orbito-facial trauma/surgery, strabismus, ptosis, telecanthus, and history of neurological diseases or previous ocular trauma were excluded. ...
Emirzeoglu M - - 2012
Background: Studies evaluating the mean volumes of nasal cavity and concha are very rare. Since there is little date on the mentioned topic, we aimed to carry out the presented study to obtain a volumetric index showing the relation between the nasal cavity and concha. Material and methods: The volumes ...
Shusterman Dennis J - - 2012
Paranasal sinuses are reservoirs for nitric oxide (NO), and humming facilitates nasal diffusion of NO. The nasal NO response to humming has previously been shown to be blunted with chronic sinusitis and nasal polyposis. We hypothesized that the nasal NO response to humming will be proportional to radiographic osteomeatal patency ...
Sobel Rachel K - - 2012
This study aims to quantify the prevalence of trochlear calcification. A retrospective case review was performed on orbital CT scans ordered at Wills Eye Emergency room and Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience for patients from June 2009 through September of 2009. In our series, we examined 132 scans, 61% (81/132) men, ...
Sforza Chiarella - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The orbital region of subjects with Down syndrome (DS) has been scanty described so far. We wanted to detail the morphologic characteristics of the soft tissue orbital region in Italian and North Sudanese subjects with DS.The three-dimensional coordinates of 10 landmarks on the orbital soft tissues were obtained using ...
Yang Tingzhong - - 2012
To explore HIV/AIDS sexual risk behaviors and specifically the use of commercial sex workers among Chinese male rural-urban migrants. The study design is loosely based on diffusion of innovation theory and examines the hedonistic tendencies of this group. Survey data were collected from male rural to urban migrants by an ...
Yahaya Ahmed - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate osteometric indices of immature camels (2-3 years old) in Nigeria. The cranial length, viscerocranial length, maximum zygomatic width, neurocranial volume, skull and facial index for females and males were 22.1 cm and 22.3 cm; 16.3 cm and 16.7 cm; 15.8 cm and ...
Sugamata Akira - - 2012
Eyelid bags and blepharochalasis are the result of relaxation of lid structures like the skin, the orbicularis oculi, and mainly the orbital septum. Therefore, this aged appearance cannot be improved sufficiently with only a skin and orbicularis oculi resection. To improve this appearance, we use a very effective method of ...
Chahwan Charly - - 2011
Aicardi-Goutières Syndrome (AGS) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder characterized mainly by early-onset progressive encephalopathy, concomitant with an increase in interferon-α (IFN-α) levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Although it was initially mistaken for intra-uterine viral infections, AGS has now been genetically attributed to a lack of adequate processing of cellular ...
Solomon Todd M - - 2011
Very little information exists with regard to sex party behaviors in young men who have sex with men (YMSM), often defined as men ranging in age from 13 to 29 years. The current analysis examines sex party attendance and behavior in a sample of 540 emergent adult gay, bisexual, and ...
BiliƄski Tomasz - - 2012
This paper summarizes numerous arguments demonstrating that the hypothesis of accumulation of the senescence factor, which was the basis for introducing yeast to the group of model organisms of gerontology, finds no experimental support. Among several candidates for the role of the causative agents of replicative aging, only one - ...
Cortez Fernanda C Prado - - 2011
Background This research compared street male sex workers in Santo André, Brazil, that reported consistent condom use with those that revealed inconsistent condom use with their clients, concerning personality aspects, impulsiveness, alcohol and drug consumption, depressive symptoms, sociodemographic data and criminal involvement. Methods: Eighty-six male sex workers were evaluated in ...
Landripet Ivan - - 2011
To determine changes in sexual behaviors and other relevant characteristics related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) risks among young Croatian adults. We surveyed adults aged 18-24 in 2005 (n=1092) and 18-25 in 2010 (n=1005). Both samples were probabilistic and stratified by county, settlement size, age, ...
Soliman Elsayed Z - - 2011
Prolonged PR interval has been associated with adverse cardiac events. Consequently, the scientific community and regulatory agencies have become concerned about PR interval prolongation induced by cardioactive agents. We evaluated PR dependence on heart rate (HR) in 5757 men and women aged 40 years and older from the US third ...
Negin Joel - - 2011
In Africa, older adults aged 50 and older are still sexually active and play a critical role as caregivers, yet little is known about their attitudes towards HIV and awareness of services. In this study, surveys were conducted in nine African sites. A multilevel model was fitted to evaluate the ...
Karkhaneh Mohammad - - 2011
Bicycle trauma is a common cause of recreational death and disability and helmets have been shown to reduce fatal and non-fatal head and face injuries. This study evaluated the effect of mandatory bicycle helmet legislation for all ages in St. Albert, Alberta. We observed bicyclists from June to September of ...
Igado Olumayowa Olawumi - - 2011
This study investigates the morphometry of two sense organs, the eyeball and tongue, of the Nigerian local dog (11 males, 14 females), all aged 2 years and above. The samples were grouped according to gender and weight (up to 12 kg or above that weight). The average values obtained for ...
Tiller Ralph - - 2011
The aim was to investigate the extent to which it is possible to diagnose suspected carotid calcification from dental panoramic radiography (PR) and to establish an association to periodontal risk. 824 PRs from one dental practice were investigated. Parameters considered were gender, age, bone loss - age index, tooth loss, ...
Chiu Christopher T - - 2011
This report presents, for the first time, findings on the vox populis as to who constitutes the "vulnerables in biomedical research" The 3-City Tuskegee Legacy Project (TLP) study used the TLP questionnaire as administered via random-digit-dial telephone interviews to 1162 adult Black people, non-Hispanic White people, and two Puerto Rican ...
Dlodlo Riitta A - - 2011
Zimbabwe has been severely affected by the HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis epidemics, with an estimated 80% of tuberculosis patients being HIV infected. We set out to use annual population-mortality records from the cities of Harare and Bulawayo to describe trends and possible causes of mortality from 1979 to 2008. The specific ...
Negin Joel - - 2011
There are approximately 3 million people aged 50 and older in sub-Saharan Africa who are HIV-positive. Despite this, little is known about the characteristics of older adults who are on treatment and their treatment outcomes. A retrospective cohort analysis was performed using routinely collected data with Malawi Ministry of Health ...
Hughes Ian P - - 2010
Assessment of short stature in many instances is based on a comparison with the Centers for Disease Control's (CDC) growth curves. The secular trend for height may limit the utility of CDC data for contemporary populations. We investigate the effect of the secular trend on Australian and US populations. Describe ...
Acharya Shrikrishna V - - 2010
Paediatric Cushing's disease (CD) is usually associated with growth retardation, but there are only few published data on skeletal maturation at diagnosis. We analysed factors contributing to skeletal maturation and final height in Asian Indian patients with paediatric CD. We conducted retrospective analysis of 48 patients (29 males; 19 females) ...
Kuwabara Akiko - - 2011
Weight/height(2) (Quetelet's index) is the basis for defining both underweight and obesity. Height, however, is often not precisely measurable in the elderly due to involutional changes such as spinal deformity. Body volume or body surface area are not proportionately decreased even with height loss. Previous reports have shown that Quetelet's ...
Cole Eric A - - 2010
To develop a standard measure of eyebrow position for evaluation of eyebrow ptosis and to provide normative measurements for eyebrow position using this easily reproducible measure. A noncomparative interventional case series was performed. Measurements of eyebrow position were made on 213 subjects without cosmetic or functional complaints who presented to ...
Lorentzon Mattias - - 2011
To investigate the impact of pubertal timing and childhood body mass index (BMI), both within normal range, on adult anthropometrics. Detailed growth charts were retrieved for the men participating in the population-based Gothenburg Osteoporosis and Obesity Determinants study. Age at peak height velocity and childhood BMI were calculated (n = ...
Saini Vineeta - - 2011
Mandible is the hardest and most durable bone of the skull exhibiting a high degree of sexual dimorphism. Especially ramus of mandible is subjected to greater stress than any other bone of the skull because of the process of mastication. This study has been performed to establish the osteometric standards ...
Schaffrath Rosario Angelika - - 2011
Aim: The objective is to present height-for-age percentiles representative for infants, children, and adolescents in Germany and to compare them with older German height references by Kromeyer-Hauschild which are based on heterogeneous pooled data (KH) and with international growth charts from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) as well as ...
Busscher Iris - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether the differences in timing of the peak growth velocity (PGV) between sitting height, total body height, subischial leg length, and foot length can be used to predict whether the individual patient with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is before or past his or ...
Fukumoto Aya - - 2011
Research has shown that there is a relationship between increased head circumference and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This study examined this relationship during the first year of life in subjects with ASD. We compared 280 children with ASD and 609 controls. In the ASD-male group, increases were observed in head ...
Agrawal Girdhar G - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to compare the somatometric measurements among hard core criminals, petty criminals and community people. Using standard anthropometric procedures, somatometric dimensions were studied on 250 subjects each from the three groups: (i) experimental (hard core criminal) group, (ii) control-I (petty criminal) group, and (iii) ...
Shibasaki Masayuki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Formulas based on age and height often fail to reliably predict the proper endotracheal tube (ETT) size in pediatric patients. We, thus, tested the hypothesis that subglottic diameter, as determined by ultrasonography, better predicts optimal ETT size than existing methods. METHODS: A total of 192 patients, aged 1 month ...
Laila S Z - - 2010
Anthropometry is the science that deals with the measurement of size, weight and proportion of the human body. Stature is natural heights of a person in an upright position. This can be estimated from arm span length. In the last 50 years of the 20th century various mass disasters such ...
Oninla S O - - 2010
In January-March 2000, the impact of intestinal helminthiases on the nutritional status of 749 pupils (353 boys and 396 girls) attending public primary schools in the Ife Central local government area of Osun state, in south-western Nigeria, was investigated. Demographic, socio-economic and other relevant information was collected on the pupils, ...
Singh Jagmahender - - 2011
Skeletal height estimation from regression analysis of eight sternal lengths in the subjects of Chandigarh zone of Northwest India is the topic of discussion in this study. Analysis of eight sternal lengths (length of manubrium, length of mesosternum, combined length of manubrium and mesosternum, total sternal length and first four ...
Saari Antti - - 2011
Abstract Background and objectives. Growth curves require regular updates due to secular trends in linear growth. We constructed contemporary growth curves, assessed secular trends in height, and defined body mass index (BMI) cut-off points for thinness, overweight, and obesity in Finnish children. Material and methods: Mixed cross-sectional/longitudinal data of 73,659 ...
Gerke Dale A - - 2011
Workers lose height during the day. Flexion-based exercises and body positions are commonly prescribed to unload the spine and prevent back pain. Lumbar extension positions have been researched and result in an increase in spine height. End-range lumbar extension postures increase spine height to a greater extent than mid-range lumbar ...
Lazar Liora - - 2011
Background: Significant idiopathic bone age (BA) advancement is defined as BA >2 SD above the mean chronological age (CA) with no underlying etiology. BA advancement due to endocrinopathies is associated with early puberty and compromised adult height (AHt), necessitating treatment. The natural history of idiopathic BA advancement is not well-established. ...
Wu Xiao-Shan - - 2010
The aim is to measure and investigate the anatomic structures of orbital soft tissue and the relationships between the adjacent regions in 102 normal young Han Chinese adults using a computer-assisted photography system to provide reference data for periocular cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. A random sample of 102 Han young ...
Fodor Eszter - - 2010
PURPOSE: To measure the lower tear meniscus height (LTMH) with image by Tearscope and using slit-lamp biomicroscopy with or without fluorescein staining. METHODS: The lower tear meniscus height was measured in 31 eyes of 31 healthy volunteers (mean age 31.29 years; SD 4.83) with Tearscope and slit lamp with and ...
Schooling C M - - 2010
Leg length and relative leg length are considered to be reliable markers of prepubertal living conditions. Cessation of leg growth, driven by estrogen, occurs earlier in puberty in girls than boys. We hypothesized that leg length and relative leg length, as sitting height to leg ratio, might have sex-specific associations ...
Muthusamy Kalpana - - 2010
CONTEXT: Treatment for patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) may affect the final height of these patients. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the distribution of achieved height in patients with classic CAH diagnosed at infancy or early childhood and treated with glucocorticoids. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane ...
Thomaz Erika B A F - - 2010
Evidence suggests that energy-protein malnutrition is associated with impaired growth and development of facial bones. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between nutritional status and reduced space for dental eruption (crowding) in permanent dentition. A cross-sectional study with probabilistic sampling design was used. We evaluated 2,060 ...
Jordan Susan - - 2012
Height trends can be useful indicators of population health but, despite Thailand's rapid socioeconomic development since the 1950s, few studies have examined accompanying secular changes in adult height or the effects of the transition on the heights of rural versus urban populations. This study therefore sought to document average heights ...
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