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Kay Paul P Eye and Vision Science, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, Faculty of Health and Life Science, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3GA, United - - 2014
Purpose: Cystatin C, a potent cysteine proteinase inhibitor, is abundantly secreted by the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and may contribute to regulating protein turnover in the Bruch's membrane (BrM). A variant associated with increased risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and Alzheimer's Disease (AD) presents reduced secretion levels from ...
Chowdhury A I - - 2012
To determine the volume of spleen of Bangladeshi people by water displacement method, this cross sectional descriptive study was carried out over 120 cadaveric spleen of which 87 male and 33 female, in the department of Anatomy of Mymensingh Medical College from July 2007 to June 2008. The maximum volume ...
Babadoko A A - - 2012
During infancy and early childhood, the spleen commonly enlarges in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA), and it thereafter undergoes progressive atrophy due to repeated episodes of vaso-occlusion and infarction, leading to autosplenectomy in adult life. However, this may not always be the case as some studies have reported splenomegaly ...
McMahon Daniel P - - 2012
To determine the prevalence of splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) in women of childbearing age and the incidence of peripartum rupture to ascertain a possible benefit of screening this potentially high-risk population. Patients diagnosed with SAA over a 6-year period were collected from a single institutional medical records database. Inclusion criteria ...
Longo Valter D - - 2012
The two paradigms to study aging in Saccharomyces cerevisiae are the chronological life spanchronological life span (CLS) and the replicative life spanreplicative life span (RLS). The chronological life span is a measure of the mean and maximum survival time of non-dividing yeast populations while the replicative life span is based ...
Schagatay Erika - - 2012
Humans share with seals the ability to contract the spleen and increase circulating hematocrit, which may improve apneic performance by enhancing gas storage. Seals have large spleens and while human spleen size is small in comparison, it shows great individual variation. Unlike many marine mammals, human divers rely to a ...
Chavasiri Cholavech - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN.: The thickness of 415 skulls of Thai population was measured at the areas where halo pins are placed. OBJECTIVE.: Analysis of skull thickness at the area of halo pin insertion site. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Halo orthosis is a device used for providing stable fixation of instability of ...
Menéndez Cammie K Chaumont - - 2011
In the United States, approximately 20% of all workers who died on the job in 2007 were foreign-born. The objective of this study was to describe trends in occupational fatalities among foreign-born workers. An analysis of fatal injuries among foreign-born workers in the US occurring from 1992 through 2007 was ...
Saveman Britt-Inger - - 2011
Scand J Caring Sci; 2011; 25; 185-193 Unintentional injuries among older adults in northern Sweden - a one-year population-based study Aim:  To study the epidemiology of unintentional injuries in a population of 21 000 Swedish older adults (65+) and to compare the injury incidence with similar data collected two decades earlier. ...
Brian Garry - - 2011
Background:  To characterize causes, risk factors and outcomes for ocular trauma among adults aged ≥40 years in Fiji. Design:  Population-based cross-sectional survey; multistage cluster random sampling. Participants:  1381 (= 73.0% participation); eight provinces on Viti Levu. Methods:  Interview-based questionnaire. Visual acuity measurement. Dilated ocular examination. Main Outcome Measures:  Circumstances, management and ...
Rozylo-Kalinowska Ingrid - - 2011
The aim of the study was to determine whether there are differences in dental age (DA) using the method of Demirjian, in patients with impacted buccal or palatal maxillary canines in relation to unaffected controls. DA was estimated using Demirjian's method on panoramic radiographs of two groups of Caucasian patients. ...
Fagundes Susana Dytz - - 2011
The rapid growth of the elderly population in Brazil has implied a significant rise in the number of individuals with dementia. The real prevalence of this disease needs to be ascertained in order to establish appropriate measures for improving the quality of life of those affected. The aim of this ...
Juillard Catherine - - 2011
Injuries are quickly becoming a leading cause of death globally, disproportionately affecting sub-Saharan Africa, where reports on the epidemiology of injuries are extremely limited. Reports on the patterns and frequency of injuries are available from Cameroon are also scarce. This study explores the patterns of trauma seen at the emergency ...
Davis Kirkland W - - 2010
With increasing youth participation in organized sports, more injuries in this age group are being treated by primary care and sports medicine physicians. Overuse injuries are much more common now than in past decades, with Little League shoulder, Little League elbow, and gymnast wrist being particular concerns. Rotator cuff tears ...
Anderson Charles K - - 2010
Over a 2-year study period, aerobic capacity was measured at time of hire for 1419 delivery drivers. Injury experience and tenure were then monitored for these new-hires during that same period. Number of strain injuries, time to first strain and time to termination were regressed on aerobic capacity adjusting for ...
Lustenberger Thomas - - 2010
Bicycle riding is a popular recreational activity and a common mode of transportation. Impact with a motor vehicle, however, has the potential to result in significant injury to the rider. The magnitude of this problem, the incidence and types of injuries, and the effect of age on these variables are ...
Patil Surendra B - - 2010
In the developing world, the incidence of electrical injuries has increased in the past few years. This study attempts to identify the causative and demographic risk factors that can help in formulating a targeted prevention program. The study was conducted prospectively and retrospectively from 2004 to 2009. Eighty-four consecutive patients ...
Martin Graham - - 2010
To understand self-injury and its correlates in the Australian population. Cross-sectional survey, using computer-assisted telephone interview, of a representative sample of 12,006 Australians from randomly selected households. Data on demographics, self-injury, psychiatric morbidity, substance use, suicidality, disclosure and help-seeking. In the 4 weeks before the survey, 1.1% of the sample ...
Perera M - - 2010
The association between head injury and Parkinson's disease remains uncertain due to potential problems of reverse causation and recall bias. Few studies have compared young onset (YOPD) and later onset (LOPD) cases as both types of bias would be less severe with YOPD cases. We undertook a community-based case-control study ...
Raval J S - - 2010
The mechanical fragility index (MFI) is an in vitro measurement of the extent of RBC sublethal injury. Sublethal injury might constitute a component of the RBC storage lesion, thus the MFI was determined serially during routine RBC storage. Leucoreduced AS-5- and SAGM-preserved RBCs were stored under routine blood bank conditions. ...
Ning G-Z - - 2011
Study design:A retrospective epidemiological study.Objectives:To provide recent epidemiological characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSCIs) in adults living in Tianjin.Setting:Tianjin, China.Methods:This study included all TSCI patients aged 15 years or older who were admitted to tertiary hospitals in Tianjin from 2004 to 2008. Epidemiological characteristics, such as age, sex, date ...
Bochicchio Grant V - - 2010
OBJECTIVE(S): To evaluate whether acute glucose elevation (AGE) is predictive of infection and outcome in critically injured trauma patients during the first 14 days of ICU admission. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 2200 patients admitted to the ICU over a 2 1/2 year period. The diagnosis of infection ...
Arango-Lasprilla Juan Carlos - - 2010
(1) To compare the odds of competitive employment versus not competitive employment among a group of white, African American, and Hispanic persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) at 1, 5, and 10 years after injury; (2) to examine the changes in the odds of competitive employment versus not competitive employment ...
Walters Jaime K - - 2010
Occupational injuries to adolescents and young adults are a known public health problem. We sought to describe and estimate rates of occupational injuries to workers younger than 25 years of age in Oregon during an 8-year period. Oregon workers' compensation disabling claims data (n = 23,325) and one commercial insurance carrier's non-disabling ...
Moon Rebecca Jane - - 2010
Pituitary dysfunction is a recognized sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI), occurring in 10-83% of adult patients, but there are few data on the prevalence or natural history in childhood. Our objective was to determine pituitary function in children and young adults at least 4 years after TBI requiring pediatric ...
Onakpoya Oluwatoyin Helen - - 2010
To study the epidemiology of ocular trauma among the elderly in a developing country. This is a multi-center retrospective clinical study of patients aged 65 years and above managed for ocular trauma between 2001 and 2007 at 4 hospitals in southwestern Nigeria. Age, sex, occupation, residential address, location at time ...
Lustenberger Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: With the increasing popularity of skateboarding, trauma centers are experiencing increased number of skateboard injuries. The incidence and type of injuries and the effect of age on these variables are poorly described in the literature. METHODS: Data from National Trauma Databank during a 5-year period was used for this ...
Frencher Stanley K SK - - 2010
Delivery of effective primary, secondary, and tertiary injury prevention in homeless populations is complex and could be greatly aided by an improved understanding of contributing factors. Injury and health conditions were examined for hospitalized New York City homeless persons (n = 326,073) and low socioeconomic status (SES) housed residents (n ...
Kelley-Quon Lorraine - - 2010
We evaluated self-rated functional status measured longitudinally in the year after injury in a geriatric trauma population. The longitudinal (L) group included 37 of 60 eligible trauma patients aged 65 years or older admitted December 2006 to November 2007 for greater than 24 hours who completed a Short Functional Status ...
Morassaei Sara - - 2010
To examine whether switching to and from Daylight Saving Time (DST)-1 h shift forward in the spring and 1 h shift back in the autumn-is associated with an increase in work injuries. Data on work-related injuries were obtained from compensation claim records from the Ontario Workplace Safety & Insurance Board ...
Scheetz Linda J - - 2011
Older injured persons are frequently undertriaged, increasing the risk for preventable mortality and morbidity in an already-vulnerable population. Changes made in 2006 to the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT) Field Triage Decision Scheme might improve triage accuracy for this population. This study examined triage accuracy before and ...
Ikegami Shiro - - 2011
This study evaluates the efficacy of a P300-based brain-computer interface (BCI) with green/blue flicker matrices for individuals with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Ten individuals with cervical SCI (age 26-53, all male) and 10 age- and sex-matched able-bodied controls (age 27-52, all male) with no prior BCI experience were asked ...
Mackay James - - 2011
The current study examined how goal engagement and two coping strategies (self-blame and denial) hypothesized to prevent successful disengagement relate to affective well-being among adults with a functional disability. Ninety-nine community-dwelling adults (23 to 76 years old, 66 men) with spinal cord injury participated in structured interviews assessing affective well-being ...
Opasanon Supaporn - - 2010
Askina Calgitrol Ag(®) (B. Braun Hospicare Ltd, Collooney Co. Sligo, Ireland), alginate silver wound dressing, is an advanced wound dressing which combines the potent broad-spectrum antimicrobial action of silver with enhanced exudate management properties of calcium alginate and polyurethane foam. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy ...
Deits Jeff - - 2010
Although the number of US ice hockey participants doubled from 1990 to 2006, no nationally representative studies have examined US ice hockey injuries among participants of all ages during this period. To describe patients with ice hockey injuries presenting to a representative sample of US emergency departments (EDs) from 1990 ...
Wise Elizabeth K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine how participation in leisure activities for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) changes from before injury to 1 year after injury. DESIGN: Prospective evaluation of leisure participation at 1 year after TBI. SETTING: Level I trauma center. PARTICIPANTS: Rehabilitation inpatients (mean age, 35.3 years; 77% male; 77% ...
Senathi-Raja Dawn - - 2010
To examine the effect of age and time postinjury on emotional distress, 5 to 22 years following traumatic brain injury (TBI). One hundred twelve participants with mild to very severe TBI, aged 16 to 81 years at the time of injury, and 112 healthy controls matched for current age, gender, ...
Kramer C Bradley - - 2010
An understanding of population-specific variation in pediatric burn injuries is essential to the development of effective prevention strategies. The purpose of this study was to examine the etiology of pediatric burn injury considering age and race categories using the National Burn Repository. The authors reviewed the records of all pediatric ...
Ekman Diana S - - 2010
This study investigates injury-related mortality and hospitalisations, during 1987-2007 in Sweden. Injuries were classified according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD) -8 for pre-1987 injuries, ICD-9 for 1987-1996 injuries and ICD-10 for injuries occurring in 1997 and later. Data on mortality from injuries during 1987-2007 were collected from Sweden's national ...
Stephan Karen - - 2010
Countries need epidemiological information about population injury statistics to devise preventive strategies. To generate such information we estimated the one-year incidence and distribution of injury in a group of 87,134 adult Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University distance-learning students residing throughout Thailand. Those who participated joined the study by filling out a ...
Kwon Churl-Su - - 2010
To compare the 1-year population-based incidence and types of injuries in persons with and without epilepsy. Three administrative databases (inpatient visits, physician claims, and emergency room visits) were linked from fiscal years 1996-2003 using a provincial insurance plan registry, which captures 99% of a population of 1.4 million in a ...
Ohashi Gaku - - 2011
Snare injuries to chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) have been reported at many study sites across Africa, and in some cases cause the death of the ensnared animal. However, very few snare injuries have been reported concerning the chimpanzees of Bossou, Guinea. The rarity of snare injuries in this study group warrants ...
Walker H L - - 2010
This paper describes injury (circumstances and type) experienced by sub-populations at all levels of cricket and, where possible, the type of protective equipment used. The sample differs to that generally examined in the literature in that it is not restricted to evaluation of elite and professional players only. Over a ...
Fang Xiao Yi - - 2010
This study was designed to explore the effects of amiloride, a Na+-H+ exchange (NHE) inhibitor, on vessel stenosis by observing the expression of NHE-1 protein in vascular smooth muscle (VSM) after balloon injury and the effects of amiloride on VSM cell proliferation, migration, and excretion of extracellular matrices (ECMs). A ...
Wang Limin - - 2010
Alcohol consumption has been found to be associated with work-related injuries among workers around the world, but this association has not well been studied among agricultural workers in China. This population-based survey aimed to study the association between alcohol use and work-related agricultural injury. Farmers in a northeastern province of ...
Vyas Shail - - 2011
Variations in bony morphology have been associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk. The primary aim of this study was to compare the tibial slope in the teenage pediatric population with open physes, with and without ACL injury. The secondary aims were to compare the notch width index (NWI) ...
Lanes Eric Charles - - 2011
This study examined the association of extent of prisoner self-injurious behavior (SIB) and placement in long-term maximum-security administrative segregation. A prisoner subgroup (n = 132) defined by extent of SIB was matched by conviction prefix and security level to a group of prisoners who had never engaged in SIB (n ...
Fabbri Andrea - - 2010
The effect of pre-injury antiplatelet treatment in the risk of intracranial lesions in subjects after mild head injury (Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 14-15) is uncertain. The potential risk was determined, considering its increasing use in guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention, and ageing of the trauma population in Europe. The interaction ...
Chlan K M - - 2011
Study design:This study was a cross-sectional, follow-up survey.Objectives:To examine the role of importance of religion and spiritual coping on life satisfaction in adults with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:This study was carried out in a specialty hospital system.Methods:Individuals who sustained an SCI before age 18 completed a structured telephone interview ...
Bilston Lynne E - - 2010
Previous studies have suggested that rear seat occupants are at lower risk of serious injury and death in crashes. However, over the last 10-15 years there have been significant changes in front seat safety systems. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is still a benefit for ...
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