Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1303
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Hvarness Helle - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare prostate volume and number of ejaculations in men with and without spinal cord injury (SCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 31 men aged > or =30 years who had suffered from SCI at the age of 15-30 years >5 years previously were investigated and compared with ...
Johnston Michael V - - 2007
Cerebral palsy (CP) and related developmental disorders are more common in males than in females, but the reasons for this disparity are uncertain. Males born very preterm also appear to be more vulnerable to white matter injury and intraventricular hemorrhage than females. Experimental studies in adult animals and data from ...
Susarla Srinivas M - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion of subjects who achieved functional sensory recovery (FSR) 1 year after inferior alveolar or lingual nerve repair and to identify risk factors associated with failure to achieve FSR. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort study design, we developed a sample ...
Wolf Erik - - 2007
Wheelchair users rely on their wheelchairs for mobility for extended periods of time every day. According to the International Standards Organization 2631-1 standard on human vibration, individuals in a seated position when exposed to whole-body vibrations (WBV) are at risk of injury. This study evaluated vibration exposure during manual and ...
Schultheis Maria T - - 2007
The current study examined specific aspects of usability of a newly developed VR driver rehabilitation (VR-DR) system. Measures of user feedback and user comfort were examined among 54 participants: 33 individuals with acquired brain injury (20 with traumatic brain injury and 13 with cerebral vascular accident) and 21 healthy controls. ...
Winqvist Satu - - 2007
AIMS: Incidence and mortality rates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) were investigated by using the Northern Finland Birth Cohort. This cohort provides a valuable source of data from the population born in 1966 (n = 12,058) in the 2 northernmost provinces of Finland. METHODS: The cohort was followed for 34 ...
Mitra Biswadev - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of falls from ladders in a state-wide population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review of data from the the Victorian State Trauma Registry and the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset on patients presenting to public hospital emergency departments (EDs) with injuries due to a fall while climbing ...
Tecco Simona - - 2007
It has been proposed that intraoral devices can influence cervical posture. Cervical posture might also be influenced by stimuli from the lower limbs, such as injury of the knee. The hypothesis to be tested is that intraoral devices are useful during the rehabilitation of orthopedic patients to accelerate the restoration ...
Olawale Omoniyi A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Despite the high incidence of infectious diseases in developing countries, injuries still contribute significantly to the health burden. There are few reports of rural, community-based injury surveys in Nigeria. This study describes the incidence and pattern of injuries among the residents of a rural area in South-Western Nigeria. METHODS: ...
Shavelle Robert M - - 2007
To determine whether persons who incur a spinal cord injury as children are at increased risk of mortality compared with persons injured as adults given comparable current age, sex, and injury severity. A total of 25,340 persons admitted to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center database or the National ...
Vogel Lawrence C - - 2007
To delineate the natural history of ambulation of children and youth with spinal cord injuries (SCls). Retrospective single-center. One hundred sixty-nine subjects who sustained SCI at 18 years of age or younger and who were followed up for at least 4 years. Ambulation was significantly associated with age at injury ...
New Peter W - - 2007
Retrospective, 3-year case series. To investigate the relationship between gender and age and a range variables in patients with nontraumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Tertiary medical unit specializing in rehabilitation of patients with nontraumatic SCI. Participants were a consecutive series of 70 adult inpatients with nontraumatic SCI undergoing initial rehabilitation. ...
Fatmi Zafar - - 2007
National level estimates of injuries are not readily available for developing countries. This study estimated the annual incidence, patterns and severity of unintentional injuries among persons over five years of age in Pakistan. National Health Survey of Pakistan (NHSP 1990-94) is a nationally representative survey of the household. Through a ...
Szlachcic Yaga - - 2007
Cardiovascular risk factors are common in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI), and their prevalence increases with age. The actual prevalence of overt cardiovascular disease (CVD) in this population has not been well established. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were examined for abnormalities in 43 individuals with abnormal lipid profiles being followed ...
Henry George K GK Los Angeles Neuropsychology Group, California 90025, USA. - - 2007
A known groups design involving 54 personal injury litigants, and disability claimants was employed to investigate group differences on the Continuous Visual Memory Test (CVMT). Group status was determined by performance on symptom validity testing and application of the Slick et al., 1999 diagnostic criteria for probable Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction ...
Godfrey Jenna - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to measure the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Simple Shoulder Test (SST) scale and to examine these in patients stratified by age and injury type. Test-retest reliability, content validity, criterion validity, construct validity, and responsiveness were determined for the SST. The study population ...
Osler Merete - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that cognitive function in childhood is a modifiable risk factor for adult injury. This study examines the relationship between cognitive function measured at the age of 12 and 18 years and fatal and non-fatal injuries later in adult life. METHODS: A total of 11 532 ...
Harada Mikio - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of sonography for detecting elbow injuries among young baseball players. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty-three volunteers ranging in age from 9 to 12 years and belonging to youth baseball teams participated. Sonography of the elbow was performed in ...
Amsters Delena - - 2006
It has been suggested that postural problems experienced by people with spinal cord injury may increase with greater age and duration of injury; however, there has been little documentation of the magnitude of changes and their time course. Our study was conducted to measure the wheelchair posture of 30 participants ...
Manvelyan H - - 2006
Traumatic brain injury is a major health problem worldwide and main reason of mortality and morbidity in children and young adolescents, meanwhile there is clinical evidence that TBI to children younger than 4 years of age has been shown to cause significantly more severe cognitive and motor deficits. The biologic ...
Khan M I - - 2008
AIM: To prospectively evaluate, and compare, the incidence of hurling-related eye injuries in the South East of Ireland before and after implementation of new rules rendering the use of protective head gear and face masks compulsory for players aged 18 years or under. METHODS: Details relating to patients attending the ...
Ouyang Jun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the injury mechanism of children's thorax in frontal impact and provide an injury threshold. METHODS: Nine unembalmed cadavers were divided into two groups. A young cohort aged 2 to 4 years (four cadavers) was impacted by a 2.5-kg mass impactor, whereas the older cohort, ...
Chau Nearkasen - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the contributions of environmental hazards, technical dysfunctions, lack of work organization, know-how and job knowledge, and other human factors in occupational injuries and their relationships with job, age and type of accidents in railway workers. METHODS: The sample included 1,604 male workers, having had at least one ...
Fleissner André - - 2007
The colony of a filamentous ascomycete fungus typically grows as a multinucleate syncytium. While this syncytial organization has developmental advantages, it bears the risk of extensive damage caused by local injury of hyphae. Loss of cytoplasm in injured hyphae is restricted by the fast and efficient sealing of the central ...
Krosshaug Tron - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury in basketball are not well defined. PURPOSE: To describe the mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury in basketball based on videos of injury situations. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Six international experts performed visual inspection analyses of 39 ...
Kannus Pekka - - 2007
This study assessed the current trend in the number and incidence (per 100,000 persons) of fall-induced severe head injuries among the very old adults in Finland, an EU-country with a well-defined white population of 5.2 million, by taking into account all persons 80 years of age or older who were ...
Furlan Julio C - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 1) the hematologic abnormalities within the first week following isolated acute cervical spine trauma or spinal cord injury (SCI); and 2) the influence of age, sex, and severity of SCI on these hematologic abnormalities. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Given that autonomic nervous ...
Fox Jean C - - 2006
PURPOSE: In females, fecal incontinence often is attributed to birth trauma; however, symptoms sometimes begin decades after delivery, suggesting that anorectal sensorimotor functions decline with aging. METHODS: In 61 asymptomatic females (age, 44 +/- 2 years, mean +/- standard error of the mean) without risk factors for anorectal trauma, anal ...
Hollis Sally - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pre-existing medical conditions (PMCs) have been shown to increase mortality after trauma even after adjustment for the effect of chronological aging. It has been suggested that there is an interaction between injury severity and physiologic reserve, such that diminished physiologic reserve will have an adverse effect on survival at ...
Kaplan Gisela - - 2006
Head-cocking of 15 infant marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) was scored from Day 1 to 60 of postnatal life, the growth period with overproduction of interneuronal synapses. Head-cocking was scored during four 30 min intervals daily, including angle of head-cocking and objects being fixated. Mean age of onset of head-cocking was Day ...
Afuwape O - - 2006
AIM: An audit of gunshot injuries was conducted at the University College Hospital to determine the pattern of injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All records of patients who presented with gunshot injuries to the accident and emergency department of the University College Hospital for one year were retrieved. Data obtained from ...
Cherry Robert A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Age, injury severity, and base deficit are commonly used prognostic indicators in trauma. This study investigates the relationship between ionized calcium (iCa) levels drawn on arrival to the emergency department, with injury severity, acidosis, hypotension, and mortality. METHODS: Adult trauma team activations requiring the highest level of response were ...
Krause James S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in earnings after spinal cord injury (SCI) attributable to demographic factors, injury severity, and education using a regression model that accounts for employment status, conditional earnings (earnings of those employed only), and unconditional earnings (earnings from employment for all participants with $0 recorded for those unemployed). ...
Yard Ellen Elizabeth EE Center for Injury Research and Policy, Columbus Children's Research Institute, Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA. - - 2006
Ice hockey, lacrosse, and field hockey are increasingly popular sports among US youth athletes, but no authors to date have compared injuries in male and female pediatric (ages 2 through 18 years) participants. To compare patterns of injury among pediatric ice hockey, lacrosse, and field hockey players. A descriptive analysis ...
Skinner Darrell K - - 2007
Lateral epicondylitis (LE) is a common overuse injury related to a mechanical overload of the wrist extensors' origin; however, some patients also complain of clumsiness suggesting a possible motor control problem. The purpose of this study was to examine for differences in fine motor control ability between subjects with LE ...
Shah Syed A - - 2006
Aged traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients suffer higher rates of mortality and disability than younger patients. Cognitive problems common to TBI patients are associated with damage to the hippocampus, a central locus of learning and memory. To investigate the molecular mechanisms of age-related vulnerability to brain injury in a mouse ...
McCrimmon Sarah - - 2006
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of cognitive functioning, fatigue, mood and behaviour in return to work (RTW) following moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. DESIGN AND METHODS: Between-groups comparisons were conducted with 20 participants who had RTW and 13 who had not. Participants were well matched for age, pre-morbid intellectual functioning, ...
Li Xingli - - 2007
The potential life loss caused by floods has not been studied before. We carried out a retrospective cohort study in flood areas in Hunan, China in 1999. The standard mortality rate (SMR) and years of potential life lost (YPLL) were used to quantify the burden of flood on health. The ...
Ivarsson B Johan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to evaluate the influence of age-related stature on the frequency of body region injury and overall injury severity in children involved in pedestrian versus motor vehicle collisions (PMVCs). METHODS: A trauma registry including the coded injuries sustained by 1,590 1- to 15-year-old pedestrian casualties treated ...
Basile Kathleen C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Stalking is a major public health concern, primarily for women, and is associated with many adverse health outcomes, including death. However, the prevalence of stalking among adults in the United States has not been assessed since 1995-1996. The objective of this analysis is to provide more recent national estimates ...
Keogh Justin - - 2006
The injury epidemiology of competitive power lifters was investigated to provide a basis for injury prevention initiatives in power lifting. Self-reported retrospective injury data for 1 year and selected biographical and training information were obtained via a 4-page injury survey from 82 men and 19 women of varying ages (Open ...
Kanjanabuch Talerngsak - - 2006
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in an adult worldwide. The prevalence of FSGS is estimated as being 20-30% in adults over the age of 15 years and slightly higher (30-35%) in the elderly (age > 60 years). The diagnosis solely relies on pathologic findings, ...
Olofsson Pia - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the effects of early rapid control of multiple bowel perforations on cardiovascular and pulmonary function in high-energy traumatic shock compared with conventional small bowel resection anastomosis. METHODS: Fifteen anesthetized pigs, 10 to 12 weeks old, were exposed to a reproducible high-energy trauma and were divided into ...
Bulut M - - 2006
The aim of this study was to determine the general characteristics of childhood falls, factors affecting on mortality, and to compare the Injury Severity Score (ISS) and the New Injury Severity Score (NISS) as predictors of mortality and length of hospital stay in childhood falls. We retrospectively analysed over a ...
Ruijs A C J - - 2006
Cold intolerance has been recognized as one of the most disabling sequelae of upper extremity trauma, especially when neurovascular structures are involved. In this study, we aimed to describe cold intolerance in a normative study population, validate the Cold Intolerance Symptom Severity (CISS) questionnaire and define the threshold for abnormal ...
Zambon Francesco - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study examines whether there are socioeconomic differences among young motorcycle drivers (aged 16-25) involved in road-traffic injuries with regard to age and injury severity. DESIGN: Nationwide retrospective register-based cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Subjects born in 1970-1972 were extracted from the Swedish Population and Housing Census of ...
Peel Nancye May - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fall-related hip fractures are one of the most common causes of disability and mortality in older age. The study aimed to quantify the relationship between lifestyle behaviours and the risk of fall-related hip fracture in community-dwelling older people. The purpose was to contribute evidence for the promotion of healthy ...
Curran Todd A - - 2006
We compared the distance to neurovascular structures between exit holes for screws drilled toward the fibula in a medial to lateral orientation (16 cadaveric knees; experimental group) versus screws drilled the standard way, perpendicular to the cortex of the proximal tibial metaphysis (19 cadaveric knees; control group). A bicortical screw ...
Grandjean Cynthia K - - 2006
Between 2002 and 2012, the number of individuals > 55 years of age in the workforce is projected to climb by approximately 50%. Few studies have substantiated that severe occupational injury to older workers is a significant problem. To identify the variables related to traumatic injuries of older workers, data ...
Yücel Neslihan - - 2006
Spinal cord injury (SCI) caused by trauma mainly occurs in two mechanisms as primary and secondary injury. Secondary injury following the primary impact includes various pathophysiological and biochemical events. Methylprednisolone is the only pharmacological agent having clinically proven beneficial effects on SCI. Citicoline has been shown to have clinical and ...
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