Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1303
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Lee Tao-Chen - - 2007
We studied the vulnerability of the spinal cord to extracorporeal shock wave treatment (ESWT). In this experiment, 12 rabbits were divided into three groups (4 in each group). All animals underwent a preceding lumbar laminectomy at L4 1 week before ESWT. In group 1, 2000 impulses of high dose (0.62 ...
Donders Jacobus - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in outcomes at transition age (17-21 years) between individuals who sustained complicated mild-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in early or middle childhood and those who were injured in late adolescence. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen persons who sustained TBI between the ages of 6 and 12 years (early-onset) and ...
Matteucci Michael J - - 2007
The objective of this study is to examine the patterns of snakebite injury in pediatric patients that require antivenom therapy and to evaluate whether and when sex group differences exist. We performed a nationwide, multicenter, retrospective evaluation of 24 regional poison centers from 2002 and through 2004 of data for ...
Sundström A A Department of Psychology, Umeå University, S-901 87 Umeå, Sweden. - - 2007
To assess the incidence of fatigue for persons following a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and to evaluate the relationship between fatigue and APOE genotype. As fatigue is often found to be influenced by anxiety, depression and sleep disturbance, these factors were also measured. Thirty-one persons who sustained a MTBI ...
Ord Jonathan S - - 2008
This study examined the classification accuracy of the WMS-III primary indices in the detection of Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction (MND) in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) using a known-groups design. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive power are presented for a range of index scores comparing mild TBI non-malingering (n = 34) and ...
Dawson Katie S KS Macquarie University, Sydney, - - 2007
The aim of the current study was to examine whether neural reserve influenced the duration of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). The relationship between duration of PTA and both IQ and education was examined in a group of 59 MTBI patients. In addition, the effects of ...
Chappelka A H - - 2007
Incidence and severity of ozone-induced foliar symptoms on tall milkweed (Asclepias exaltata L.) along selected trails in Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GRSM) were determined by two surveys/season conducted from 1992 through 1996. Overall incidence was 73%, and was 84%, 44%, 90%, 58%, and 82% for 1992-1996, respectively for the ...
Chiu Wen-Ta - - 2007
In 1991, a population-based epidemiologic traumatic brain injury (TBI) study was done in urban and rural areas of Taiwan; this was 5 years before the helmet use law was passed and 8 years before the drink driving law was passed. In order to evaluate the impact of three major determinants ...
Mohammadi Ali Akbar - - 2008
Electrical burn is less common nowadays but still has complications and requires therapeutic interventions especially in developing countries. It occurs more in males and in industrial sites. The importance of electrical burn led us to study a 30 months history of electrical burn in Shiraz, Southern Iran. In a cross-sectional ...
Rutberg L - - 2008
Prospective, single centre study. Previous studies have suggested a relationship between stress reaction and elevated levels of prolactine. The aim of the present study was to investigate if there was a relationship between s-prolactine and menstrual cycle status following spinal cord injury (SCI). Spinal Cord Injury Unit, Göteborg, Sweden. S-prolactine ...
Wattie Nick - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between relative age and injury prevalence in Canadian youth ice hockey. METHODS: In study 1, youth ice hockey-related injuries (among children 10-15 years of age) collected by the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program between 1995 and 2002 ...
Dompier Thomas P - - 2007
Estimates suggest that more than 5.5 million youths play football annually, and 28% of youth football players (age range = 5 to 14 years) are injured each year, resulting in more than 187 000 emergency room visits. To analyze time-loss (TL) and non-time-loss (NTL) injury patterns across age groups in ...
Siriratsivawong Kris - - 2007
Nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt splenic injury has become more frequent in the past several decades. Criteria that predict successful NOM remain poorly defined, and one factor that has been studied previously has been patient age. Previous studies have defined older patients as those greater than 55 years of age, ...
Johansson Ulla - - 2007
The aim of this study was to describe to what extent individuals of working age, in a late phase after an acquired brain injury, participate in everyday occupations related to home maintenance, work, and leisure. The aim was also to evaluate if participation in different occupations influences their life satisfaction. ...
Niemeier Janet P - - 2007
The present study used the National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation and Research (NIDRR) funded Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (TBIMS) database to examine the effect of gender on presentation of executive dysfunction following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and variables that might impact the course and degree of recovery. The Wisconsin ...
Cupisti A - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, anatomical site and types of injury incurred in rhythmic gymnastics. METHODS: An 8-month prospective and controlled injury survey was planned, including 70 club-level competitive rhythmic gymnasts, aged 13-19 years. Information on injury events was recorded weekly in an injury ...
Susarla Srinivas M - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the relationship between timing of lingual nerve repair and functional sensory recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort study design, the investigators enrolled a sample of subjects who had lingual nerve repair. The predictor variable was time between injury and repair, categorized as early (<90 ...
Arendt Elizabeth Anne - - 2007
Research has shown that the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament injuries is higher in female athletes than in male athletes. And anecdotal evidence points to a higher incidence of patellofemoral disorders in females versus males. This article reviews what is known about the incidence of these injuries, the reasons for ...
Kuruvilla Mili M Motor Speech Research Unit, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. - - 2007
To explore articulatory kinematic differences between normal and dysarthric speakers post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) during syllable and sentence productions. A comparison between the control, mild (MTBI) and severe TBI groups for all measured kinematic parameters was carried out using the Kruskal Wallis test. Ten participants with a severe TBI and ...
Brown Allen W AW Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2007
Describe physical impairment at rehabilitation admission and 1-year after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. Prospective longitudinal multi-centre descriptive analysis. Physical examination variables were analysed for all subjects in the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems database from 1988-2002 that had data both at rehabilitation admission and at 1 year. Standing balance was ...
Harrison, Carolynn A.
Tree regeneration and understory vegetation dynamics following disturbance were studied in burned and clear cut peatlands within the Manitoba Model Forest. Six burned and eight logged black spruce peatlands were studied approximately 10 years after disturbance had taken place. In addition, eleven mature black spruce peatlands between 89 to 184 ...
Micklesfield L K - - 2007
To investigate factors associated with menstrual dysfunction, self-reported bone stress injuries and energy balance in women runners. 613 runners were randomly sampled during the registration period for an endurance event. Demographic information, including self-reported height and weight, training and injury history and menstrual history, was collected by questionnaire. Ultra-marathon (ULTRA) ...
Pollack Keshia M - - 2007
In this study, the authors examined the distribution and odds of occupational injury among hourly employees of a US aluminum manufacturing company by body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)). In 2002, height and weight data on 7,690 workers at eight plants were extracted from medical records from annual physicals, and ...
Gawryszeski Vilma Pinheiro - - 2007
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Injuries are an important public health issue in the State of São Paulo. Each year around 32,000 people are killed and 180,000 are hospitalized due to injury. The aim of this work was to analyze fatal injury data to provide an overview on mortality due to injuries ...
Powell Janet M - - 2007
This study investigated performance of home management activities 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI), as reported on the Functional Status Examination. Home management performance of 164 rehabilitation inpatients (mean age 35.4 years, 77% men, 75% white) with moderate to severe TBI was examined in relation to demographics, injury severity, ...
Vungkhanching Martha - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the feasibility of a skills-based substance abuse prevention counseling program in a community setting for adults who sustained traumatic brain injury. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 117 participants (mean age=35 years) with preinjury history of alcohol or other drug use. Intervention group participants (n=36) from 3 vocational rehabilitation ...
Aaslid Rune - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dynamic cerebral autoregulation has been shown to be fast and effective, but it is not well known if the mechanism is symmetric, that is to say, it acts with equal compensatory action to upward as compared with downward abrupt changes in arterial blood pressure (ABP). METHODS: Fourteen ...
Nuckley David J - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A factorial study design was used to examine the biomechanical and neuroprotective integrity of the cervical spine throughout maturation using a postmortem baboon model. OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes with spinal development that affect the neuroprotective ability of the cervical spine in compressive loading. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Child ...
Hannerz Harald - - 2007
The aim of the present work was to investigate the influence of different types of injury on the risk for disability retirement among economically active people in Denmark. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study, all people in the Danish labour force aged 21-54 years 1 January 1997 (N = ...
McLean Scott G - - 2007
PURPOSE: Noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries carry significant short- and long-term morbidity, particularly in females. To combat this epidemic, neuromuscular training has evolved aimed at modifying high-risk lower-limb biomechanics. However, injury rates and the gender disparity in these rates remain, suggesting that key components of the injury mechanism continue ...
Zuhosky Joseph P - - 2007
This learning module highlights the unique challenges faced by physicians treating the aging workforce. It is part of the industrial medicine and acute musculoskeletal rehabilitation study guide in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. Factors intrinsic and extrinsic to the patient that ...
Dahlberg Antti A Käpylä Rehabilitation Centre, Finnish Assocaciation of People with Mobility Disabilities, Nordenskiöldinkatu 18 B, Box 103, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2007
To estimate sexual activity and sexual satisfaction in men with spinal cord lesion. Cross-sectional study. All adult citizens in Helsinki with traumatic spinal cord lesion were identified. The final study group comprised 92 male subjects, corresponding to a participation rate of 79%. A structured questionnaire was sent to all subjects ...
Flori Heidi R HR Children's Hospital and Research Center Oakland, Division of Pediatric Critical Care, 747 52nd Street, Oakland, CA 94609, USA. - - 2007
Von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF-Ag) is a marker of pulmonary and systemic endothelial activation and injury. Adult studies indicate that patients with plasma vWF-Ag levels > or = 450% of control early in the course of acute lung injury (ALI) have an increased risk of death. The objective of this ...
Wu Ming-Yi - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the psychosocial adjustment patterns of a community sample of persons with spinal cord injury in Taiwan. METHOD: A total of 102 participants were recruited from the Association of People with Spinal Cord Injury in Taipei City. Mean age of participants was ...
Frink Michael - - 2007
Although salutary effects of female sex steroids have been demonstrated not only in proestrus females but also in male animals treated with estradiol in different models of trauma, it remains unknown whether sex hormones influence post-traumatic immune response in humans. We therefore investigated the effect of sex and age on ...
Mushkudiani Nino A - - 2007
Outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is not only dependent on the nature and severity of injury and subsequent treatment, but also on constituent characteristics of injured individuals. We aimed to describe and quantify the relationship between demographic characteristics and six month outcome assessed by the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) ...
Lee Michael J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The sagittal diameter of the cervical spinal canal is of clinical importance in traumatic, degenerative, and inflammatory conditions. A small canal diameter has been associated with an increased risk of injury; however, there is a lack of reliable normative data on spinal canal diameters in different age groups in ...
Linn Shai - - 2007
PURPOSE: The study aim is to assess confounding and effect measure modification of the relationship between head injury severity (measured using the Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS]) and mortality by age and multiple organ injury (measured using the Injury Severity Score [ISS]). Head injury-related mortality is affected by head injury severity, ...
Kannus Pekka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although fall-induced injuries among older adults are said to be a major public health concern in modern societies with aging populations, reliable epidemiologic information on their secular trends is limited. METHODS: We determined the current trend in the number and incidence (per 100,000 persons) of fall-induced severe cervical spine ...
Kool Bridget - - 2007
AIMS: To describe the incidence and characteristics of unintentional fall-related injuries at home resulting in death or hospital inpatient treatment among working-aged New Zealanders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Relevant data on all individuals aged 25-59 years meeting the case definition (using ICD-9-AM E codes E880-886, 888, and ICD-10-AM E codes W00-19) ...
Peel Nancye M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: fall-related injuries in older people are a major public health concern. This study examined the relationship between psychosocial determinants of healthy ageing and risk of fall-related hip fracture in community-dwelling older people. The purpose was to contribute evidence for promotion of healthy ageing strategies in population-based interventions for fall ...
Holtslag H R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies of the consequences of major trauma have traditionally focused on mortality rates. The aims of this study were, firstly, to investigate the long-term functional health status in a large, unselected group of severely injured patients and to compare this with normative data, and secondly, to explore relations between ...
Aito S - - 2007
Case-control study. Investigate the presence of additional endogenous risk factors of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). Regional Spinal Unit of Florence, Italy. A total of 43 patients with spinal lesion and a history of DVT during the acute stage of their neurological impairment (Group A) were comprehensively evaluated and the blood concentrations ...
Sharifi K - - 2007
The purpose of the study was to evaluate ischaemia/reperfusion injury in simulated abomasal volvulus in sheep. Sixteen ewes were randomly allocated to three groups. The control group (n=4) served as sham-operated controls. The animals of the ischaemia group and reperfusion group (n=6, each) underwent a simulated 'abomasal volvulus'. The abomasum ...
Gomez Christian R CR Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 South First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, - - 2007
Aged subjects have a poor prognosis after traumatic injury and, regardless of the type of injury, they have slower recoveries and suffer more complications than their younger counterparts. The age-dependent responses may be influenced by the hyper-inflammatory state observed in the aged prior to injury, including elevated levels of interleukin-6 ...
Jaiswal Ashish
<b>Background:</b> Developing countries have a high incidence of burn injuries, creating a formidable public health problem. The exact number of cases is difficult to determine: however in a country like India, with a population of over 1 billion, we would estimate 700,000 to 800,000 burn admissions annually. <b> Objective:</b> The ...
Deehan D J - - 2007
Interest in football continues to increase, with ever younger age groups participating at a competitive level. Football academies have sprung up under the umbrella of professional clubs in an attempt to nurture and develop such talent in a safe manner. However, increased participation predisposes the immature skeleton to injury. Over ...
Chau Nearkasen - - 2007
This study assessed the role of certain individual characteristics in school injury among male and female adolescents. The sample included 2,398 subjects attending middle schools and high schools. Respondents completed a self-administered questionnaire at the beginning of the school year. School nurse completed a questionnaire on injury for each school ...
van 't Hooft Ingrid - - 2007
The overall aim of the present study was to assess in greater detail the sustained effects of a broad-based cognitive training programme on the neuropsychological performance of children with acquired brain injury. In particular, the long term (6 months) effects on cognitive functions, as well as how various moderators (gender, ...
Hvarness Helle - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare prostate volume and number of ejaculations in men with and without spinal cord injury (SCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 31 men aged > or =30 years who had suffered from SCI at the age of 15-30 years >5 years previously were investigated and compared with ...
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