Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1303
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Traynor Robyn - - 2008
Intolerance to the cold is common following peripheral nerve injury and surgery of the upper extremity. Despite its prevalence, the exact pathophysiology and natural history of this condition are not well understood. Subjective, self-report questionnaires have been created and validated as reliable measures of post-traumatic cold intolerance. The difficulty currently ...
Baltan Selva - - 2008
Stroke incidence increases with age and this has been attributed to vascular factors. We show here that CNS white matter (WM) is intrinsically more vulnerable to ischemic injury in older animals and that the mechanisms of WM injury change as a function of age. The mouse optic nerve was used ...
Onyszchuk Gregory - - 2008
Considerable evidence indicates that outcomes from traumatic brain injury (TBI) are worse in the elderly, but there has been little preclinical research to explore potential mechanisms. In this study, we examined the age-related effects on outcome in a mouse model of controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury. We compared the responses ...
Iverson Grant L - - 2008
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Patients who sustain traumatic brain injuries can experience temporary or permanent deficits in static or dynamic balance. The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) is a brief, easily-administered test of static balance that recently has been recommended for use with military personnel who do not recover rapidly from a ...
McKinlay A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the incidence and prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI), particularly for infants, children and young adults. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide an accurate estimate of the incidence and prevalence of TBIs for individuals between 0-25 years of age. METHOD AND ...
Slewa-Younan Shameran - - 2008
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a patient's sex on measures of outcome in a matched sample of patients admitted for acute traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: A prospective multi-centred group comparison study based in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Data was collected on 25 women admitted ...
Bauzá Graciela - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Higher mortality in elderly drivers involved in motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) is a major concern in an aging population. We examined a spectrum of age-related differences in injury severity, outcome, and patterns of injuries using our institution's trauma registry and the National Trauma Data Bank. METHODS: Injury severity scores ...
Hattiangady Bharathi - - 2008
A remarkable up-regulation of neurogenesis through increased proliferation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs) is a well-known plasticity displayed by the young dentate gyrus (DG) following brain injury. To ascertain whether this plasticity is preserved during aging, we quantified DG neurogenesis in the young adult, middle-aged and aged F344 rats after ...
Mahar Patrick - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this retrospective study was to provide basic probabilistic predictors of mortality to assist in determining appropriate therapeutic aggression in elderly burns population. METHOD: Eighty patients over the age of 70 years were admitted to the Victorian Adult Burns Service in Melbourne, Australia, over a period of ...
Gravante G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article was to further describe apoptotic behaviour in deep partial thickness burns, correlating the apoptotic rate of these lesions with the time elapsed from injury. METHODS: We used TUNEL and Fas immunohistochemistry in serial biopsies of deep partial thickness burns harvested from 1 to 23 ...
Muscara Frank - - 2008
The impact of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) on executive function (EF) development is well documented, with more severe injury associated with poorer outcome. Few studies have investigated the impact of pediatric TBI on EF in the long-term post-injury. The current study explored the relationship between injury severity and EF ...
Koçogullari Cevdet Ugur - - 2008
PURPOSE: We designed an experimental study to show the effects of some agents in order to prevent reperfusion injury of the spinal cord. METHODS: Twenty rabbits were used and were divided into two groups in our study. Infrarenal abdominal aortic occlusion, between renal arteries and iliac bifurcations, was applied to ...
Takanishi Danny M DM - - 2008
This study was carried out to evaluate and quantify risk factors, mechanisms, and cost of traumatic injuries in Hawaii's elderly and to identify potential preventive strategies. A retrospective review of a prospective database of patients admitted to the only Trauma Center in the Pacific Basin, between January 2000 and December ...
Ponsford Jennie L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have identified hormonal influences on responses to injury and recovery, creating a potential gender effect on outcome. Progesterone and oestrogen are thought to afford protection in the immediate post-injury period, suggesting females have an advantage, although there has been limited evidence of this in human outcome studies. ...
Batchinsky Andriy I - - 2008
Critical illness and hypovolemia are associated with loss of complexity of the R-to-R interval (RRI) of the electrocardiogram, whereas recovery is characterized by restoration thereof. Our goal was to investigate the dynamics of RRI complexity in burn patients. We hypothesized that the postburn period is associated with a state of ...
Lizer Shannon K - - 2008
A random sample (N = 87) of older Illinois farmers was surveyed to assess their experiences with traumatic injuries and the relationship between injury rate and age, type of farm activities, amount of stress, and hours of work per week. Farmers' knowledge of safety was assessed. Findings revealed that the ...
Li Xinjun - - 2008
In this cumulative incidence study of the entire population of Sweden, we examined the association between neighbourhood income level and injury risks across a comprehensive set of individual variables. The population, stratified by age (0-14, 15-64, and > or =65 years), was followed for incident injury events in 1998. Multilevel ...
Danis Ramazan - - 2008
Renal failure is an important complication of snakebite and a major cause of mortality. We aimed to study the clinical profile of snake envenomation in Southeast Anatolia, Turkey, in an adult population. We retrospectively analyzed the records of 200 snakebite victims from 1998 to 2006 at the Dicle University School ...
Gill Dawn P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) and exercise have numerous beneficial effects in older adults. The effect of sustaining an injury from a fall on subsequent PA levels has received little research attention, even though about a quarter of older adults who fall sustain a serious injury. Even less is known about ...
Potts Matthew B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of decompressive craniectomy (DC) as an aggressive therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) has gained renewed interest. While age and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) are frequently correlated with outcome in TBI, their prognostic values after decompressive craniectomy are ill-defined. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 103 ...
Pohl Michael B - - 2008
Both kinematics and kinetics of the lower limb have been shown separately to be related with a history of tibial stress fractures (TSFs) in female runners. However, it is likely that these factors interact together to increase the risk of a TSF. This study was conducted to determine which combination ...
Danelson Kerry A - - 2008
Injuries caused by motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are the leading cause of death for children in the United States as well as the leading cause of head injury. Improved finite element models that integrate the correct shape of the pediatric brain with current injury prediction metrics would improve occupant response ...
Ignatiadis Ioannis A - - 2008
The healing and regeneration capacity of the injured tissues in childhood, adolescence, and adult life differs significantly. As a result, the prognosis of compound injuries of the upper limb in different age groups varies; therefore, the decision making and management of these cases should be age-specific. This article presents a ...
Morse L R - - 2008
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) develop a severe form of osteoporosis below the level of injury that is poorly understood. We conducted a preliminary investigation to assess whether circulating markers of bone turnover and circulating RANKL/OPG levels are related to the severity of SCI, aging, or to differences in ...
Anderson Caroline J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify the coping strategies used by adults with pediatric-onset spinal cord injuries (SCI) and to determine how these coping strategies were related to demographics, injury-related factors, and adult outcomes. METHODS: Study Participants were adults who sustained SCI at age 18 years or younger and were interviewed at age ...
Smith Ben J - - 2008
Intentional injury presents a threat to the physical and psychological well being of young people, especially in developing countries, which carry the greatest part of the global injury burden. While the importance of this problem is recognized, there are limited population data in low and middle income countries that can ...
Reimers Anne-Mari - - 2008
Area-based studies of childhood injuries strongly suggest that neighborhood socio-demographic and economic circumstances impact on various - though not all - types of injuries. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the stability over time of the association between area characteristics and childhood injuries of various causes. Register-based ...
Pasanen Kati - - 2008
To investigate whether a neuromuscular training programme is effective in preventing non-contact leg injuries in female floorball players. Cluster randomised controlled study. 28 top level female floorball teams in Finland. 457 players (mean age 24 years)-256 (14 teams) in the intervention group and 201 (14 teams) in the control group-followedup ...
Czosnyka Marek M Academic Neurosurgical Unit, Box 167, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB20 QQ, UK. - - 2008
We have previously studied possible gender-related differences in intracranial hypertension and outcome following head injury. The results were always close to the limit of significance so that to achieve greater statistical power we have continued recruitment of patients for further 5 years. Head injury patients (612) who were sedated and ...
Perron Brian E BE University of Michigan, School of Social Work, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2008
Delinquent youth frequently exhibit high-risk behaviours that can result in serious injury. However, little is known about traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and their correlates in this population. To examine the period prevalence and correlates of TBIs in delinquent youths. Interviews were conducted with 720 (97.3%) residents of 27 Missouri Division ...
Turan Nilüfer Nermin - - 2008
The aim of this experimental study was to investigate whether dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) has protective effects on spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. New Zealand rabbits were enrolled in the study. In addition to the control group, the study group received 0.1 mL/kg DMSO prior to ischemia. Blood samples were taken to ...
Durak Dilek - - 2008
AIM: To highlight the demographic pattern of road traffic injuries in Bursa and to improve emergency care and health facility-based treatment. METHODS: Records of all registered road traffic collisions maintained by the Uluda─č University Emergency Department in Bursa for the period 2003 to 2005 and trauma files of 1307 road ...
Chau Lien T - - 2007
The Comprehensive Assessment of Prospective Memory (CAPM) is a questionnaire designed to evaluate frequency of prospective memory (PM) failures in people with brain injury. The aims of this study were to investigate the psychometric properties of the CAPM, including test-retest reliability and internal consistency, and to establish normative data by ...
Onambélé Gladys N L - - 2007
Human patellar tendon stress (sigma), strain (epsilon), stiffness (K), and tensile or Young's modulus (E), are determined in vivo through voluntary isometric contractions monitored with B-mode ultrasonography. The limitations in previous studies are: (1) they have generally not accounted for the fact that the distal attachment of the patellar tendon ...
Müller Kerstin - - 2007
Between September 1998 and December 2006, 87 injured or sick free-ranging white-tailed sea eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) from Germany were admitted to the Small Animal Clinic, Free University of Berlin. Most birds were adults (43%) followed by nestlings/fledglings (26%), immature birds (18%), and juveniles (13%). In all age groups more females ...
Fish J J MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, - - 2008
Previous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of paging systems in compensating for everyday memory and planning problems after brain injury, including in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Here, in addition to further analyses of the TBI data from a previous randomised control crossover trial, results are reported from a ...
Yoshitake Akihiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We developed an epidural cooling catheter containing cold saline solution circulating in an isolated lumen. After placement by a minimally invasive approach, we evaluated protection effect against ischemic spinal cord injury in pigs. METHODS: Fourteen pigs underwent thoracic aortic double clamping for 45 minutes under systemic mild hypothermia (36 ...
McCann John - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the healing process and outcome of nonhymenal injuries in prepubertal and pubertal girls. METHODS: This multicenter, retrospective project used photographs to document the healing process and outcome of nonhymenal genital injuries in 239 prepubertal and pubertal girls whose ages ranged from ...
Phelan Herb A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Animal studies suggest that female gender imparts a protective effect on outcome after trauma, and implicate sex hormones as the cause. Human studies have yielded mixed results. These results are confounded by postmenopausal hormone replacement and the difficulty of controlling for pretrauma comorbidities. The pediatric population is a better ...
Krzywiecki A - - 2007
Burn inhalation has negative effects on pulmonary function and may result in whole airway damage. The consequences of a methane explosion are thermal injury of the respiratory tract, shock wave, and carbon monoxide intoxication. The aim of this study was to determine changes in the pulmonary function tests (PFTs) after ...
Yilmaz Bilge - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between autonomic nervous system dysfunction and basal metabolic rate (BMR), and the effect of spasticity on basal metabolic rate. Twenty men (11 paraplegic and 9 tetraplegic) with American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA)-A and -B grade chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) ...
Sepulveda Sean - - 2008
An important aspect of the aging process in Drosophila melanogaster is the natural loss of antennae, legs, bristles, and parts of wings with age. These injuries lead to a loss of hemolymph, which contains water and nutrients. Stress-resistant lines of D. melanogaster are sometimes longer-lived than the populations from which ...
Le Gall Franck - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic data on injuries in young female soccer players at elite levels are scarce. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to investigate the incidence of soccer-related injuries in young elite female French players. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Injuries sustained by players between ...
Barss Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Diving is the most frequent cause of spinal cord injury (SCI) from recreation and sport in Canada. This study was done to identify risk factors for SCI from diving in the province of Quebec. METHODS: An interview survey was done for a target population of 203 subjects with a ...
Celik Berna - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate testosterone and free testosterone levels in male patients after spinal cord injury (SCI) in comparison with healthy subjects, the effects of free testosterone on Functional Independence Measure (FIM) instrument, and their relationship between time since injury, spinal cord injury levels, and testosterone levels. DESIGN: Prospective case series ...
Peel Nancye May - - 2007
With global trends toward population aging, many countries are adopting healthy aging policies to minimize disability and increase quality in the extended years of life. Falls in older people are a major contributor to functional decline generally associated with aging. Based on a study quantifying the relationship between healthy aging ...
- - 2007
In 2005, an estimated 372,722 persons in the United States were treated in hospital emergency departments (EDs) for intentional, nonfatal self-inflicted injuries. Nonfatal self-inflicted injuries are most common among adolescents and young adults; few studies have investigated these types of injuries among adults aged > or =65 years. However, older ...
Roberts Sharon E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the age and sex trends of motor vehicle collision injuries between a nationally representative self-report survey and official police motor vehicle collision report data. To do this, population-based estimates of motor vehicle collision injuries were established using data from the National ...
O'Neil Joseph - - 2008
This study describes the epidemiology of escalator-related injuries among adults age 65 and older in the U.S. between 1991 and 2005, through a retrospective analysis of data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. There were an estimated 39,850 escalator-related injuries and no ...
Sundström A - - 2007
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of fatigue for persons following a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and to evaluate the relationship between fatigue and APOE genotype. As fatigue is often found to be influenced by anxiety, depression and sleep disturbance, these factors were also measured. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty-one ...
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