Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1303
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Williams Trevor M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The trauma literature is inconsistent in its conclusions and recommendations concerning the influence of oral anticoagulation on outcomes after injury. Some report worse outcomes, whereas others showed no effect. We approached this problem by using the patients' admission international normalized ratio (INR) values to document anticoagulation and hypothesized that ...
Malhotra N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine ethnic variations in trends in road traffic injuries in London. DESIGN: Analysis of STATS19 data comparing trends in road traffic casualty rates by ethnic group. SETTING: London, 2001-6. SUBJECTS: Children (<or=14 years) and adults (>or=15 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Annual casualty rates in white, black, and Asian ...
Zhang Guanjun - - 2008
The head, torso, and lower extremity are the most commonly injured body regions during vehicle-to-pedestrian crashes. A total of 312 cases were selected from the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) Pedestrian Crash Data Study (PCDS) database to investigate factors affecting the likelihood of sustaining MAIS 3+, AIS 3+ head, AIS ...
Guo Feng - - 2009
The aim of this retrospective, comparative study was to analyse the management of extensive burns so as to decrease morbidity and mortality. Over 1987-1996, 24 people with burns >80% of total body surface area and >50% full-thickness burn were admitted to the burn unit of Anhui Medical University Hospital (group ...
Frans F A - - 2008
A retrospective study on burns patients admitted to the Sint Elisabeth's Hospital on Curacao was conducted during the 11-year period from the years 1992 to 2002. This is the first such study performed in Curacao. Curacao does not have an established burn center, therefore severe burns cases are treated in ...
Vingilis Evelyn - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of health factors and substance use on subsequent motor vehicle collision (MVC) injuries of three different age groups, using the longitudinal dataset from the Canadian National Population Health Survey (NPHS) for the years 1994-2002. METHODS: Path analysis technique was ...
Dunn Chris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bedside alcohol counseling provided to injured adolescents during their acute medical care reduces subsequent alcohol consumption and reinjury. This counseling would be even more effective if extended beyond hospitalization to help injured youth return to normal functioning. To enhance this counseling, we first need to know the natural course ...
Odebode T O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Most studies of patients with head injury managed outside of indigenous Africa have shown poorer outcome with increasing age, but data on this subject is scanty in this part of the world. AIM: To determine age related pattern and outcome of head injury in an indigenous African setting. METHODS: ...
Russell William - - 2008
The purpose of this study is to gain insight into the level of agreement, in terms of personal problems, between burn survivors and an informant with whom they have a close personal relationship. Participants in the study were 72 young adult burn survivors between the ages of 18 and 28 ...
Ghosh S S Department of Mathematical Sciences, Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. - - 2008
Acute trauma is often associated with progressive deterioration of multiple organ systems in humans and is the leading cause of death in trauma care units. Identification of specific organ failure in a non-invasive manner and the contribution of different demographic factors on the casual progression of acute trauma are of ...
Richmond Therese S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A recent study (Lemaire) estimated the life expectancy loss attributable to gun deaths at 103.6 days for the overall U.S. population: 150.7 days for white males and 361.5 days for black males. This study estimates the life expectancy loss attributable to the premature death of individuals who initially survived ...
Moniruzzaman S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine age- and cause-specific injury mortality differentials between low-income (LICs), middle-income (MICs) and high-income countries (HICs), and to discuss their implications in explaining changing injury mortality patterns with economic development against the background of general health transition theory. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The World Health Organization's mortality ...
Twagirayezu, E.
Background: Injury and deaths due to road traffic crashes are a major public health problem in developing countries. More than 3000 people die on the world's roads every day. Tens of millions of people are injured or disabled every year. Children, pedestrians, cyclists and the elderly are among the most ...
Sandhir Rajat R Steve Palermo Nerve Regeneration Laboratory, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2008
Old age is associated with enhanced susceptibility to and poor recovery from brain injury. An exacerbated microglial and astrocyte response to brain injury might be involved in poor outcomes observed in the elderly. The present study was therefore designed to quantitate the expression of markers of microglia and astrocyte activation ...
Niedzwecki Christian M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine age-related differences in functional outcomes following traumatic brain injury. PARTICIPANTS AND PROCEDURE: Seventy-six patients admitted to a pediatric acute rehabilitation hospital were compared with 2548 adult patients in the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-funded traumatic brain injury model systems national database. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Functional ...
Jae Sae Young SY Department of Sports Informatics, University of Seoul, Siripdae-gil 13, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, South Korea. - - 2008
We tested the hypothesis that physically active people with spinal cord injury do not have increased subclinical atherosclerosis compared with an age-matched able-bodied group. Subjects comprised 28 wheelchair athletes with spinal cord injury (mean age 22 (standard deviation (SD) 3) years) and 24 recreationally active aged-matched able-bodied control participants (mean ...
Arango-Lasprilla Juan Carlos JC Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA. - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to determine the predictors of continuous marital stability over 2 years post-injury and examine the moderating effects of ethnicity. Retrospective study. Longitudinal dataset of the TBI Model Systems National Database. Nine hundred and seventy-seven individuals with primarily moderate-to-severe TBI (751 Caucasians and 226 ...
Franchini A - - 2008
The effects of 48 h okadaic acid (OA) treatment and the ability to recover the induced toxicological injuries were examined in Enchytraeus crypticus of different ages (25 days and 3 months). The results demonstrated that the older worms are more sensitive to the toxin and show less capacity to recover. ...
Bonfim Thatia Regina - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the additional sensory information could improve postural control in individuals with unilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Twenty-eight individuals with unilateral ACL injury (mean age 23.6, 26 males, 2 females) and 28 healthy young control subjects (mean age 22.1 years, 26 ...
Zager Richard A RA Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2008
Many of the studies of acute renal injury have been conducted in young mice usually during their rapid growth phase; yet, the impact of age or growth stage on the degree of injury is unknown. To address this issue, we studied three forms of injury (endotoxemic-, glycerol-, and maleate-induced) in ...
Furlan Julio C - - 2010
Given the potential impact of age on mortality, neurological outcomes and the extent of post-traumatic neural degeneration, we examined these issues using a large, prospectively accrued clinical database (n=485) supplemented by analysis of postmortem spinal cord tissue (n=12) to compare axonal survival and white matter degeneration in younger versus elderly ...
Delancey John O L JO Pelvic Floor Research Group, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2008
There is growing interest in causal factors for pelvic floor disorders. These conditions include pelvic organ prolapse and urinary and fecal incontinence and are affected by a myriad of factors that increase occurrence of symptomatic disease. Unraveling the complex causal network of genetic factors, birth-induced injury, connective tissue aging, lifestyle ...
Finley Christian J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to evaluate demographic and causal factors of inhospital mortality for significant firearm-related injuries (i.e., those with an Injury Severity Score [ISS] > 12) in Canadian trauma centres. METHODS: We analyzed data submitted to the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) in the National Trauma Registry ...
Lin Yen-Hui - - 2008
This study analyzed fatal occupational injuries in Taiwan. One thousand eight hundred ninety work-related accident reports filed in the years 1996-1999 were extracted from the annual publication of the Council of Labor Affairs (CLA). These data were analyzed in terms of gender, age and work experience of the accident victim ...
Jamieson Lisa M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe rates of hospitalisation for head injury due to assault among Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Secondary analysis of routinely collected hospital morbidity data for 42,874 inpatients at public and private hospitals in Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory for the 6-year ...
Tanriverdi Fatih - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a devastating public health problem that may result in hypopituitarism. However, the mechanisms responsible for hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction due to TBI are still unclear. Although the antibodies against neurons have been demonstrated in injured animal studies, investigations regarding the occurrence of antipituitary antibodies (APAs) in ...
Arango-Lasprilla Juan Carlos - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial differences in employment status and occupational status 1 year after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Longitudinal dataset of the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems national database. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with primarily moderate to severe TBI (3468 whites vs 1791 minorities) hospitalized between 1989 ...
Baker Rachel B - - 2008
To examine the associations between age and genital injuries in adolescent and young adult women examined following rape. A retrospective review of 234 medical records from an emergency department sexual assault program. Women aged 14 to 29 years. Fifty percent of the sample was African American, 48% was White, and ...
Marquez de la Plata Carlos D CD Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2008
To determine whether older persons are at increased risk for progressive functional decline after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Longitudinal cohort study. Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (TBIMS) rehabilitation centers. Subjects enrolled in the TBIMS national dataset. Not applicable. Disability Rating Scale (DRS), FIM instrument cognitive items, and the Glasgow Outcome ...
Uysal Mustafa - - 2008
The apoptotic bodies were observed aging in osteoarthritic cartilage and meniscus but there is still a lack of knowledge in the literature about the relationship between meniscal injury and apoptosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the apoptotic changes on meniscal tears caused by degeneration and trauma. Thirty-eight ...
Mizutani Akio - - 2008
The morbidity and mortality of burn victims increase when burn injury is combined with smoke inhalation. The goal of the present study was to develop a murine model of burn and smoke inhalation injury to more precisely reveal the mechanistic aspects of these pathological changes. The burn injury mouse group ...
Newgard Craig D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Age is often used as a predictor of injury and mortality in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), however, the age that defines an "older" occupant in terms of injury-risk remains unclear, as do specific injury patterns associated with increasing age. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship ...
Lumenta D B - - 2008
People aged >or=65 years represent a growing population within burns units in the Western world. In 2001, this group was reported to rise to 20% of such admissions. We reviewed the records of 265 burn cases with complete admission and discharge histories, from January 1990 to December 2003 in an ...
Zarzaur Ben L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The traditional view that tachycardia and hypotension accompany hemorrhagic shock following injury has been challenged. This is particularly true at extremes of age. Shock index (SI) may be an alternative indicator of life-threatening bleeding after injury. Because age negatively impacts physiological reserve, we hypothesized that age multiplied by SI ...
Engebretsen Anders H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate whether the most common injuries in soccer could be prevented, and to determine if a simple questionnaire could identify players at increased risk. HYPOTHESIS: Introduction of targeted exercise programs to male soccer players with a history of previous injury or reduced function in ...
Folkard Simon - - 2008
It has long been recognized that older shift workers may have shorter and more disturbed day sleeps between successive night shifts than their younger colleagues. This has given rise to considerable concern over the safety of aging shift workers because of the increasing age of the work force and increases ...
Saha Asim - - 2008
Chemical industries being the seat of dangerous occurrences frequently resulting in injuries, an occupational injury surveillance study was initiated involving 307 permanent and 419 temporary workers in a chemical company to understand the contribution of different possible factors on injury causation. Risk calculation was undertaken in relation to every individual ...
Halldorsson Jonas G - - 2008
To estimate the prognostic value of injury severity, location of event, and demographic parameters, for symptoms of pediatric traumatic head injury (THI) 4 years later. Data were collected prospectively from Reykjavik City Hospital on all patients age 0-19 years, diagnosed with THI (n = 408) during one year. Information was ...
Frobell R B - - 2008
The aim of this study is to investigate if self-reported activity level or knee functions are influenced by subject characteristics, level of competition and history of knee injury. Cross-Sectional study using questionnaires distributed at a personal visit. One hundred and eighty-eight (65 women) amateur football players in 10 football clubs ...
Nomellini Vanessa - - 2008
Burn patients over the age of 60 are at a greater risk for developing pulmonary complications than younger patients. The mechanisms for this, however, have yet to be elucidated. The objective of this study was to determine whether increased chemoattraction plays a role in the age-related differences in pulmonary inflammation ...
Xiong G-X - - 2008
Case-control study. To investigate the number of motor units from the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle in normal subject and its change after SCI. China Rehabilitation Research Center, Beijing, China. Motor unit number estimation (MUNE) in 45 control subjects (35 young subjects with an average age of 36 years, and 10 ...
van Langeveld Sacha A H B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a classification for therapeutic activities in clinical spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation. DESIGN: Descriptive study including a modified Delphi consensus method. SETTING: Specialized SCI units of 10 rehabilitation facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty physical therapists, occupational therapists, and sports therapists from 10 Dutch and Flemish SCI ...
Harmer Peter A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of time-loss injuries in competitive fencing and to characterize these injuries regarding type and location. DESIGN: A 5-year prospective study. SETTING: Data were collected at all national events organized by the U.S. Fencing Association (USFA) during the 2001-2006 seasons. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 78,223 male ...
Odhiambo W A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern and characteristics of patients admitted with firearm injuries (FAIs) and establish the morbidity and mortality associated with these injuries. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH), January 2004 to December 2005. SUBJECTS: All patients admitted with physically evident firearm injury. RESULTS: There were ...
Nogueira Lilia de Souza Lde - - 2008
The article is a bibliographic review which intends to present the actual range of researches comparing the Injury Severity Score (ISS) and the New Injury Severity Score (NISS). Databases were searched using the keyword NISS, with 42 articles, 23 of which didn't compare the two indexes. Most part of the ...
Hulbert-Williams N J - - 2008
Adjustment to burn injury is a slow process that often results in high distress and anxiety. This study aimed to investigate the impact on anxiety of viewing various types of photographic stimuli (including burn injuries), comparing a burn-injured and control sample. An experimental design was used comparing those recovering from ...
Sperry Jason L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: An important and persistent laboratory finding has been that males and females respond differently after traumatic injury and hemorrhagic shock. We have previously presented clinical data showing that male gender is independently associated with a 40% higher rate of multiple organ failure (MOF) and a 25% higher rate of ...
Ngai K M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Professional mixed martial arts (MMA) competition is a full-contact sport that has risen rapidly in popularity in recent years. However, there is limited information regarding the incidence of competition injuries after sanctioning by an athletic commission. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine MMA injury patterns during ...
Catroppa Cathy - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine functional outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI) during early childhood, to investigate impairments up to 5 years postinjury and identify predictors of outcome. METHODS: The study compared three groups of children (mild = 11, moderate = 22, severe = 15), aged 2.0-6.11 years at ...
Armstrong Christina M - - 2008
The current study examined the sensitivity of the Comprehensive Trail Making Test (CTMT Reynolds) to neurocognitive deficits in adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants included 60 adolescents, 30 who had sustained TBI and 30 healthy controls (HC) that were individually matched to the TBI sample on age, gender, ethnicity, ...
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