Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1303
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Brown J - - 2009
To determine whether age is associated with serious spinal injury in paediatric motor vehicle occupants, after controlling for crash-related factors. Retrospective record review. All motor vehicle passengers aged 0-16 years treated at two major children's hospitals from 1999 to 2004 with ICD-10 codes for spinal trauma. Injury outcomes were categorised ...
Chaudhari Ajit M W - - 2009
Very few studies examining the predisposing anatomical factors leading to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have examined the ACL itself, and none of these directly examined the difference in ACL properties between injured and matched control subjects. The ACL total volume in people who have experienced a noncontact ACL injury ...
Alamgir Hasanat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Differential risks of occupational injuries by gender have been examined across various industries. With the number of employees in healthcare rising and an overwhelming proportion of this workforce being female, it is important to address this issue in this growing sector. AIMS: To determine whether compensated work-related injuries among ...
Chau N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Physical job demands (PJD), age, disability and lifestyle may influence the risk of occupational injury. AIM: To assess the relationships between PJD, lifestyle and injury in workers of various ages. METHODS: A total of 2888 randomly selected workers from northeastern France, aged >or=15, completed a postal questionnaire. The PJD ...
Cimpello Lynn Babcock - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sledding, a fun and easily accessible winter sport, can potentially generate significant speed and energy posing a risk of injury. The objective of this study was to determine the speeds and potential kinetic energy generated by sledders. METHODS: Observational study conducted of single sledders at sledding hills located in ...
Schmikli Sandor L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To define target populations for sports injury prevention programs. DESIGN: A computer-assisted telephone survey on sports injuries and sports participation during 2000-2005 using a 3-month recall period. SETTING: Data obtained from a representative sample of Dutch citizens. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-eight thousand four hundred five Dutch citizens aged older than 3 ...
do Espírito Santo Jácomo Diana Ribeiro - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sequelae in the permanent anterior teeth following trauma in their predecessors, and also to verify the existence of association between the sequelae in the permanent teeth and the type of injury in their predecessors according to the age group ...
Park Ju Ok - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been previously established that the incidence of burn is higher in lower socioeconomic (SES) groups. What is not clear, however, is whether or not the severity of burn is also higher in lower SES groups. The purpose of this study is to establish a relationship between household-level ...
Vogel L - - 2009
Intra-rater reliability study, cross-sectional design. To report on the intra-rater agreement of the anorectal examinations and classification of injury severity in children with spinal cord injury (SCI). Two, non-profit children's hospitals specializing in pediatric SCI. 180 subjects had at least two trials of the anorectal examinations as defined by the ...
Dessypris Nick - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injury remains the leading cause of death among individuals <45-year-old in several developed countries, including the United States, despite the availability of evidence-based preventive policies and practices. This study aims to estimate the preventable fraction of unintentional injury mortality in the United States and critically examine variability components ...
Pires Valerie L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We performed a pilot study to determine whether there is an age-related change in inflammatory expression in the subglottic mucosa of rabbits in response to a one-time injury. METHODS: Twenty-seven rabbits of 3 different ages meant to represent infant, adolescent, and adult stages underwent a unilateral, subglottic soft tissue ...
Pawan K. Arora
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is by far the most common tachyarrhythmia in humans. Prevalence of this rhythm disorder is 0.3-0.4% of adult population and increases with age from 2-4% in people over the age of 60 to 11.6 % in those over the age of 75 . In recent years, increasing ...
Doocy S - - 2009
The Asian tsunami, of December 2004, caused widespread loss of life. A series of surveys were conducted to assess tsunami-related mortality and injury, risk factors, care seeking and injury outcomes. Three surveys of tsunami-affected populations, in seven districts of Aceh province, were conducted between March and August 2005. Surveys employed ...
Onem Yalcin - - 2009
Acute renal failure secondary to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Aminoguanidine (AG), an inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor with antioxidant properties, has been reported beneficial in renal I/R injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of AG on renal I/R ...
Tokdemir Mehmet - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death of people in motor vehicle (MV) accidents, which have been increasing in number in developing countries. A retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate all cases admitted to the emergency department of the authors' institution with suspected injury after involvement in ...
Vegeler Reid C - - 2009
This study profiles the all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accident victims who were admitted at a level II trauma center. We retrospectively reviewed the trauma registry data for 111 patients who were admitted to the Parkview Hospital Level II Trauma Center following ATV crashes between January 1996 and June 2003. Forty-four percent ...
Burgus Shari K - - 2009
All-terrain vehicle (ATV) use has increased in recent years. ATV injuries and deaths have also increased, particularly among youth. The authors administered a survey at a National FFA convention to identify safety-related behaviors, injuries, and effects of ATV safety training. There were 624 participants aged 12 to 20 with a ...
Paolini Brielle M - - 2009
Injuries caused by Motor Vehicle Crashes (MVCs) are the leading cause of death and head injury for children in the United States. Improved finite element models that incorporate the correct size and shape of the pediatric brain and skull with current injury prevention metrics would improve the prediction of such ...
Lidal Ingeborg Beate - - 2009
PURPOSE: The primary objective was to study factors influencing post-injury employment and withdrawal from work in persons who sustained traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) more than 20 years ago. A secondary objective was to study life satisfaction in the same patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with retrospective data of 165 ...
Storvik Steven G - - 2009
Clinical investigations identified occupant-related factors that may predispose specific populations to increased whiplash injury susceptibility. However, clinical studies represent a specific patient population and are not representative of the population at large. The present objective was to analyze nationally-representative data to assess the association between gender and whiplash in motor ...
Pham Tam N - - 2009
Improvements in outcomes for older adults sustaining burn injuries have lagged far behind those of younger patients. As this segment of the population grows, there has been an increasing interest in better understanding the epidemiology and outcomes of injury in older adults. The National Burn Repository (NBR) provides a unique ...
Mascialino Guido - - 2009
Previous studies that used objective measures of community integration found that in the first year after injury, minority groups with traumatic brain injury (TBI) exhibit lower levels of community integration than White participants. The objective of this study was to determine if this discrepancy persists beyond one year post injury, ...
van Velzen Judith M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the number of people with spinal cord injury who returned to work (RTW) 1 yr after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation and to investigate whether RTW can be predicted from wheelchair capacity at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, after correction for confounders. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study in which 118 ...
Stemper Brian D - - 2009
The objective was to examine significant differences in the bony structure of cervical spine vertebrae based on gender and spinal level that may influence injury risk in women following automotive rear impact. Male and female subjects were recruited for a separate study and data from two subsets were selected for ...
Choi Won-Jun - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and related factors were investigated by a structured questionnaire among male steel workers at a large steel company in Korea including a number of aged employees and workers with prior acute injuries. METHODS: Of an eligible 2,093 workers, 1,836 responded to the survey. Among ...
Griffin Russell - - 2009
The purpose of the current study was to determine the incidence of sexual stimulation device (SSD)-related injuries among U.S. adults. From 1995 to 2006, 198 individuals (representing a national estimate of 8415 individuals) sought emergency care due to an SSD-related injury to the vaginal, penile, or anorectal body regions. Rates ...
Nakase-Richardson Risa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Early investigations classified traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity according to posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) duration, designating "greater than 7 days" as the most severe. PTA durations of more than 7 days are common in neurorehabilitation populations. Moreover, no study has derived a PTA severity schema anchored to late outcome. The ...
Salminen Simo - - 2009
PROBLEM: With baby boomers reaching retirement age, Western countries may need more immigrant workers to ensure productivity. Many studies have suggested a higher occupational injury frequency among immigrant workers, which could considerably reduce their contribution to society. The aim of this study was to examine whether immigrant workers have a ...
Myer Gregory D - - 2009
To present a unique case of a young pubertal female athlete who was prospectively monitored for previously identified anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk factors for 3 years before sustaining an ACL injury. In prospective studies, previous investigators have examined cross-sectional measures of anatomic, hormonal, and biomechanical risk factors for ...
Pearson Janne - - 2009
Knowledge of the epidemiology of injuries in children is essential for the planning, implementation and evaluation of preventive measures but recent epidemiological information on injuries in children both in general and by age-group in Scotland is scarce. This study examines the recent pattern of childhood mortality from injury by age-group ...
Johnson Amanda - - 2009
To investigate the differences between skeletal and chronological age and to assess the role of maturity status, anthropometric data, and football related variables in explaining injury statistics in elite schoolboy footballers. Prospective study of injuries in schoolboy footballers according to skeletal age. Premier league football club in England. 292 schoolboy ...
Kennedy Mary R T MR Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2009
Diffusion tensor imaging was used to investigate white matter (WM) integrity in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and healthy adults as controls. Adults with TBI had sustained severe vehicular injuries on the average of 7 years earlier. A multivariate analysis of covariance with verbal IQ as the covariate revealed ...
Arlet Malgorzata E - - 2009
Animals in the wild often have physical impairments that can affect their fitness. The aim of this study was to compare injuries and impairments of four different primate species (black-and-white colobus, red colobus, red-tailed monkeys, and grey-cheeked mangabeys) living in Kibale National Park (Uganda), and estimate the proportion of injured ...
Maguire Winifred - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to document physical injuries and ascertain associated variables in female complainants of sexual assault. STUDY DESIGN: 164 cases of sexual assault between 2002 and 2006 in Belfast were included. 162 women consented to body examination and 153 to genital examination. Data for the study were ...
Lam Raymond - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: There is little epidemiological research regarding dental trauma in Australia. Previous research has largely focused on specific sub-populations with data not necessarily applicable to a general rural Australian population. Studies from other countries have presented variable data and the relevance of their findings to the Australian setting is questionable. ...
Tokutomi Takashi - - 2008
Age is an important factor influencing outcome after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). In general, the older the victim, the higher the probability of a poor outcome. To investigate the mechanism underlying the link between age and outcome, the data for 797 patients enrolled in the Japan Neurotrauma Data Bank ...
Ricchetti Eric T - - 2008
PURPOSE: Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine shown to inhibit scar formation in fetal wound healing. The role of IL-10 in adult tendon healing and scar formation, however, remains unknown. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of IL-10 overexpression on the properties of adult healing ...
Linder Astrid - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Whiplash injuries from vehicle collisions are common and costly. These injuries most frequently occur as a result of a rear impact and, compared to males, females have up to twice the risk of whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) resulting from vehicle crashes. The present study focuses on the differences in the ...
Parsons Lia - - 2008
This phenomenological study aimed to explore the experience of occupational adaptation from the perspective of persons with acquired brain injury living in a rural area. Two male participants aged 30 and 45 years were interviewed using a semistructured interview format. Colaizzi's approach was used for analysis. Data analysis revealed three ...
Clayton Robert A E - - 2008
This study describes the epidemiology of a range of adult musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries. Our institution is the only hospital treating adults with musculoskeletal trauma in a well-defined catchment population of about 535,000. Demographic details over 5 years were recorded prospectively. Eighteen injury types were studied including anterior cruciate ligament ...
Pearson J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This article explores gender in relation to Scottish child injury mortality over time. DESIGN: Injury mortality data for children aged 0-14 years in Scotland were obtained from the General Register Office for Scotland. The study period was 1982-2006 inclusive. Data were analysed in terms of age, gender, year of ...
Denoble P J - - 2008
Diving fatalities causes were investigated in 947 recreational open-circuit scuba diving deaths from 1992-2003. Where possible, cases were classified at each step of a four step sequence: trigger, disabling agent, disabling injury, cause of death (COD). The most frequent adverse events within each step were: (a) triggers 41% insufficient gas, ...
Creamer Gowan L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The burden of severe injury is an important health statistic. When accurate injury data are linked to census population data a reference dataset can be obtained. This information is vital to direct injury prevention and trauma system development. METHODS: Severe injury was defined as death or injury severity score ...
Cogger N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of age, sex, and musculoskeletal (MS) injury on three preparation-level measures of performance: (i) the duration of preparation, (ii) time from the beginning of the preparation until the first start in a race or barrier trial, and (iii) time from the first start until the ...
Chen W-S - - 2008
This paper presents a longitudinal study of the effect of ageing on ulnar variance. Between 1976 and 1985, ulnar variance in 1000 normal adult subjects was measured using the Palmer method. In 1995 to 2002, 17 to 22 years later, the ulnar variance was measured again in 864 of them. ...
Landry Scott C - - 2009
Non-contact ACL injuries generally occur as the foot contacts the ground during cutting or landing maneuvers and the non-contact ACL injury rate is 2-8 times greater in females compared to males. To provide insight into the gender bias of this injury, this study set out to identify gender differences in ...
Griffin Russell - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A substantial increase in the number of nonpowered and powered scooter injuries since 2000 has occurred in the United States. Because of differences in weight and operational speed between scooter types, it is possible that the type and severity of injuries may differ. The purpose of the current study ...
Starnes Margaret J - - 2011
Background: Automobile vs. pedestrian (AVP) injuries cause substantial morbidity and mortality. Gender may be an important factor in determining the anatomic distribution and severity of these injuries. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of gender on the nature and severity of automobile vs. pedestrian injuries and ...
Nelson-Filho Paulo - - 2008
This paper reports a case in which a previous traumatic injury at the age of 2 and pulp necrosis to a primary incisor resulted in a rare injury to the permanent successor tooth. The radiographic examination at the age of 9 showed the arrest of root formation of the permanent ...
Stitzel Joel D - - 2008
Trauma in the US's increasingly aged population will pose medical, engineering, and legislative challenges in the coming decade. This study sought to identify the age threshold of maximal risk for patients with the three most common isolated types of head injuries from motor vehicle crashes (MVCs). Receiver-operator characteristic analysis was ...
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