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Taghavi Morteza - - 2010
This study aims to demonstrate the epidemiologic characteristics of outpatient burn injuries in Tehran. This cross-sectional study was performed over a 1-year period in a referral burn centre in Tehran and included all outpatient burns. The required data were recorded by two trained physicians. Of the 4813 studied patients, including ...
Henderson Gary - - 2010
The aim of this study was to concurrently model the influence of a number of physical and performance parameters on subsequent incidence of hamstring injury in a squad of English Premier League soccer players. Thirty six healthy, male, elite, professional soccer players (age 22.6+/-5.2 years, height 1.81+/-0.08 m, mass 75.8+/-9.4 ...
Thepyasuwan Nattapaun - - 2009
The growing popularity of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) has contributed to a rise in the number of injuries and fatalities nationwide. The Consumer Product Safety Commission reported 8,104 fatalities from 1982 to 2006 and over 146,600 emergency room-treated visits in 2006 with children 16 years of age and younger comprising roughly ...
Yoonhee Choi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related injuries are significantly more serious than non-alcohol-related injuries. However, there have been few data on the relationship between alcohol consumption and injury in the Korea. This study was designed to determine the absence or presence of alcohol consumption at the time of injury and the relationship between the ...
Gary Kelli W - - 2009
Gary KW, Arango-Lasprilla JC, Ketchum JM, Kreutzer JS, Copolillo A, Novack TA, Jha A. Racial differences in employment outcome after traumatic brain injury at 1, 2, and 5 years postinjury. OBJECTIVES: To examine racial differences in competitive employment outcomes at 1, 2, and 5 years after traumatic brain injury (TBI) ...
Colantonio Angela - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study analyses factors associated with work-related traumatic brain injury (TBI), specifically in the construction industry in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized data extracted from the Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) records indicating concussion/intracranial injury that resulted in days off work in 2004-2005. RESULTS: Analyses ...
Furlan Julio C - - 2009
Given the potential effects of age on mortality, impairment, and disability among individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury [(SCI), we examined these issues using a large, prospectively accrued clinical database. This study includes all patients who were enrolled in the Third National Spinal Cord Injury Study (NASCIS 3). Motor, sensory, ...
Myer Gregory D GD Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA. - - 2009
Resistance training has previously been purported to be unsafe and ineffective in children. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate resistance training-related injuries presenting to U.S. emergency rooms by age, type, and mechanism of injury. We hypothesized that older athletes would sustain greater percentages of joint sprains and muscle ...
Torabian Saadat - - 2009
Burn injuries are prevalent worldwide, especially in developing countries; and they are significant paediatric injuries in Iran. This study was performed to analyse the epidemiology and aetiology of paediatric burns in Hamadan province in the west part of Iran from March 2004 to March 2007. The incidence rate of child ...
- - 2009
Scalds, which are burns attributed to hot liquids or steam, account for 33%-58% of all patients hospitalized for burns in the United States. Adults aged >/=65 years have a worse prognosis than younger patients after scald burns because of age-related factors and comorbid medical conditions, and they are subject to ...
Janis Irene Belle - - 2009
Common clinical wisdom suggests that people who engage in self-injury are impulsive. However, virtually all prior work in this area has relied on individuals' self-report of impulsiveness, despite evidence that people are limited in their ability to accurately report on cognitive processes that occur outside awareness. To address this knowledge ...
Chau N - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Because work-related injuries are common and yet the mechanisms through which various types of injuries relate to age, length of service and job remain unknown, this study assessed the role of age, length of service and job in work-related injury. METHODS: Prospective study of all 164,814 permanently employed male ...
Reistetter Timothy A - - 2009
This pilot study describes the showering habits of people with brain injury (BI) compared with those of people without BI (WBI). The showering habits of 10 people with BI and 10 people WBI were measured and compared. A videotaped session recorded and documented the shower routine. The BI group spent ...
Hanif S - - 2009
Acute subdural haematoma (ASDH) is one of the conditions most strongly associated with severe brain injury. Reports prior to 1980 describe overall mortality rates for acute subdural haematomas (SDH's) ranging from 40% to 90% with poor outcomes observed in all age groups. Recently, improved results have been reported with rapid ...
Hu Guoqing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The details hidden within the recent increase (1999-2004) in unintentional injury mortality have not been studied. PURPOSE: The objectives were to analyze the trends in mortality rates from unintentional injuries from 1999 to 2005 and identify changes in rates for specific population subgroups. METHODS: Mortality data came from the ...
Nguyen Anh-Dung - - 2009
The relationship between lower extremity alignment and lower extremity injury risk remains poorly understood, perhaps because most authors have examined only individual or a select group of alignment variables. Examining the relationships among alignment variables may allow us to more accurately describe lower extremity posture and clarify the relationship between ...
Englander Jeffrey - - 2009
The objective of this study was to examine the mortality rates in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who were classified as having experienced late post-traumatic seizures (LPTS) in the first 2 years post-TBI compared to those who were seizure-free (non-LPTS). Participants were a pooled sample (n = 508) from ...
Samuel Jonathan C - - 2009
Injury surveillance is an ongoing process required for primary, secondary, and tertiary injury prevention. In Malawi, hospital-based injury data are not available. From February to June 2008 we collected data on injured patients presenting to Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi. The sample (n = 1,474) was predominantly male (75.7%), ...
Anderson Joshua - - 2009
Elderly traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients have higher rates of mortality and worse functional outcome than non-elderly TBI patients. The mechanisms involved in poor outcomes in the elderly are not well understood. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha) is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that modulates expression of key genes involved in ...
Osifo Osarumwense David - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the epidemiology and the pattern of injury sustained following falls from heights may be crucial in formulating policy aimed at prevention and improved outcome of victims. This study aims to determine the epidemiology and the spectrum of injury sustained following falls from heights at a referral trauma ...
Catroppa Cathy - - 2009
Given that reading, spelling and arithmetic skills are acquired through childhood, their development may be compromised following a childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI). The present study examined educational skills (reading accuracy, spelling and arithmetic) at a mean follow-up interval of 6.8 years post-injury in children who had sustained a mild, ...
Streeter Elizabeth M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe a population of dogs with vehicular trauma and to determine whether age, type and severity of injury, or preexisting disease were associated with outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 239 dogs evaluated at a university referral hospital after vehicular trauma over a 12-month period. PROCEDURES: Patient characteristics, ...
Lenehan Brian - - 2009
Central cord syndrome is an incomplete spinal cord injury first described by Schneider et al. (J Neurosurg 11:546-547, 1954). The typical neurological deficit is symmetrical incomplete quadriplegia affecting the upper more than the lower limbs; sensory impairment is variable and urinary retention is common. Records of all patients with acute ...
Furlan Julio C - - 2009
Despite the shift in demographics of spinal cord injury (SCI) due to an aging population, relatively little has been reported regarding the effect of age on outcomes after SCI. This study examines the potential confounding effect of co-morbidities on the age-related differences in the hospital mortality following acute traumatic SCI. ...
Idriss Shereene - - 2009
Malathion is an under-recognized and under-utilized therapy for head lice and scabies largely due to misperceptions about its safety profile. Specifically, its pure form as it exists in pharmaceutical preparations is non-toxic to humans in the low doses available. While labeled for ages six and up, recent studies showed no ...
Shetty Ashok K - - 2009
Hippocampal inhibitory interneurons expressing glutamate decarboxylase-67 (GAD-67) considerably decline in number during old age. Studies in young adult animals further suggest that hippocampal GAD-67+ interneuron population is highly vulnerable to excitotoxic injury. However, the relative susceptibility of residual GAD-67+ interneurons in the aged hippocampus to excitotoxic injury is unknown. To ...
Shetty Ashok K - - 2009
Hippocampal inhibitory interneurons expressing glutamate decarboxylase-67 (GAD-67) considerably decline in number during old age. Studies in young adult animals further suggest that hippocampal GAD-67+ interneuron population is highly vulnerable to excitotoxic injury. However, the relative susceptibility of residual GAD-67+ interneurons in the aged hippocampus to excitotoxic injury is unknown. To ...
Singh Manbir - - 2010
To develop and apply diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-based normalization methodology for the detection and quantification of sites of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the impact of injury along specific brain pathways in (a) individual TBI subjects and (b) a TBI group. Normalized DTI tractography was conducted in the native space ...
Oliver C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviour is frequently identified as part of the behavioural phenotype of Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). We conducted a case-control study of the prevalence and phenomenology of self-injurious behaviour (SIB) in CdLS. METHODS: A total of 54 participants with CdLS were compared with 46 individuals who were comparable ...
Black Karen - - 2009
Alcohol is a significant risk factor for injury, and is one of the leading causes of death, disability and premature mortality among young Canadians. This paper provides an overview of alcohol-related injury among adolescents and young adults presenting to Canadian emergency departments (EDs). We reviewed records from the Canadian Hospitals ...
Douglas Angela Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Computer ownership and use have increased significantly in recent years. No previous research has examined whether and to what extent home computers and equipment are associated with acute injuries. This study examines acute computer-related injuries on a national level. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System database was used ...
Bogner Jennifer - - 2009
Evaluate the psychometric properties of indices of lifetime exposure to traumatic brain injury (TBI) among prisoners. Convenience samples recruited from male (N = 105) and female (N = 105) state prison facilities. Assess test/retest reliability and criterion-related validity. Summary indices of the number, severity, timing, and effects of lifetime exposure ...
Sorani Marco D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many factors may predict mortality and disability after traumatic brain injury (TBI), including age and injury severity. However, the role of race\ethnicity has typically been studied tangentially or in homogeneous settings. We investigated whether race\ethnicity was associated with medical outcomes at a single, diverse center. METHODS: We retrospectively identified ...
Love Pamela F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Falls remain a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. To improve effectiveness of our prevention program, we used our electronic injury surveillance database to analyze patient variables and the incidence of fall-related brain injury. METHODS: The database was queried for all injuries treated in the pediatric emergency department ...
Couris C M - - 2010
Cohort study. To provide recent estimates of the incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in adults living in Ontario. Ontario, Canada. The study included all men and women aged 18 years and older living in Ontario. The two primary data sources used for this study were the census data ...
Sivarajasingam Vaseekaran - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate overall, gender and age-specific trends in violence in England and Wales from an accident and emergency (A&E) perspective. METHODS: Violence data were collected from a sample of 32 major A&E departments in the ten Government Office Regions of England and Wales over 5 years, 1st January 2000-31st ...
King Phyllis - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Occupational and physical therapists are at significant risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. As the therapy workforce ages, and shortages of therapists are predicted, it is important to evaluate differences in injuries and injury behaviors between older and younger therapists. METHODS: Half of all occupational and physical therapists ...
Altintas M A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Regardless of the underlying cause, both sunburn and superficial thermal injuries are classified as first-degree burns, since data on morphological differences are scarce. Reflectance-Mode-Confocal Microscopy (RMCM) enables high-resolution non-invasive investigation of the human skin. OBJECTIVE: We studied in vivo histomorphological alterations in both sunburn and superficial thermal injuries using ...
Karwat Irena Dorota - - 2009
The main objective of the study was the analysis of types, causes and consequences of head injuries among patients treated in the Ward for Multi-Organ Injuries during the period 1999-2002. The study aimed at the recognition of the health situation and selected demographic traits of people who had sustained head ...
Lidal Ingeborg Beate - - 2009
Purpose. The primary objective was to study factors influencing post-injury employment and withdrawal from work in persons who sustained traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) more than 20 years ago. A secondary objective was to study life satisfaction in the same patients. Method. A cross-sectional study with retrospective data of 165 ...
Wecht Jill M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) reflect a model of precocious aging and inactivity; as such, these individuals manifest well-appreciated cardiovascular abnormalities. We aimed to determine the influence of inactivity in persons with SCI, and the influence of age in healthy controls, on cardiovascular autonomic responses to the cold ...
Testerman George M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports on all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accidents cite high injury and death rates, disproportionately affecting younger riders. We sought to determine whether serious injuries at a level 1 trauma center have increased among older riders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the trauma registry, 300 ATV accidents from March 1, 1997 ...
Rozenfeld Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the population of children hospitalized as a result of violence. METHODS: This retrospective study used data from the Israeli National Trauma Registry on patients aged 0-17 years hospitalized for trauma during 1998-2006. Of 65,430 patients, 2060 (3.1%) had violence-related injuries. Descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis were used ...
Avella C S - - 2009
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: It is important to ascertain the prevalence of superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) injuries and to improve methods of predicting injury in National Hunt (NH) racehorses. OBJECTIVES: To establish: 1) the prevalence of SDFT tendinopathy in NH horses; 2) whether routine ultrasonography can be used to ...
Divanoglou A - - 2009
Prospective population-based open-ended study. This paper is part of the Stockholm-Thessaloniki Acute Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Study. To calculate incidence and evaluate the epidemiological profile of the incident population with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). The greater Thessaloniki region in Greece and the greater Stockholm region in Sweden. TSCI individuals, ...
O'Connor James V - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary contusions (PCs) are a common injury sustained in motor vehicle collisions. The crash and occupant characteristics of PC in motor vehicle collisions are currently unknown. Additionally, the clinical significance and the impact on mortality have not been determined. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Crash Injury Research and ...
Baltan Selva - - 2009
The risk for ischemic stroke increases drastically with age, although reasons for this remain unexplored. White matter (WM) and gray matter constitute equal proportions of the brain, and WM is injured in most strokes. Axonal injury and dysfunction are responsible for much of the disability associated with clinical deficits observed ...
Loo Becky P Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Traffic safety of the elderly is a growing public health issue. METHODS: This study makes use of a linked hospital and police database. A total of 4,290 traffic casualty records were analyzed. The proportions of serious injury and mortality for different age groups are compared between pedestrian and nonpedestrian ...
Behera C - - 2009
The present study is a retrospective analysis of 92 cases of death from an accidental fall down a staircase, which were autopsied at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, during a ten-year period from 1996 to 2005. The cases were analysed with regard to age, sex, ...
Gaylord Kathryn M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been identified in 12% to 20% of noninjured veterans and in 32% of combat casualties. Eight percent of the US general population experience PTSD symptoms, whereas 25.5% of civilians with major burns have PTSD. Known predictors of physical outcomes of patients with burn are ...
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