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Schrier Robert W - - 2010
The prevalence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in the US is increasing, which can be attributed in part to the aging population and the pandemic of obesity, diabetes and hypertension. Individuals over the age of 70 years constitute 7% of the US population, but account for 36-70% of AKI cases. ...
Naghavi Mohsen - - 2010
Child injury is recognized as a global health problem. Injuries caused the highest burden of disease among the total population of Iran in 2003. We aimed to estimate the morbidity, mortality, and disease burden caused by child injuries in the 0- to 14-year-old population of Iran in 2005. We estimated ...
Lemoncello Rik - - 2010
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate and describe getting lost behaviour and wayfinding strategies among acquired brain injury (ABI) survivors and matched controls. RESEARCH DESIGN: Matched control group comparison design. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: This study compared wayfinding performance of 18 adults with acquired brain injury to controls matched for gender, age and ...
Edwards Kara - - 2010
Power wheelchairs and scooters have the potential to increase community participation for people with mobility limitations. However, there are also challenges associated with use. The aims of this study were to investigate the characteristics of adults who use power wheelchairs and scooters, explore the process of power-mobility provision and examine ...
Nilsson K - - 2010
The prevailing demographic change in the western world means that the workforce is becoming older. Farmers in particular often work beyond the normal retirement age, in a challenging physical environment. For example, the agricultural sector has the most hazardous work environment in Sweden. Therefore, it is interesting to examine the ...
Ownsworth Tamara - - 2010
To describe the implementation of a metacognitive contextual approach for facilitating return to work for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). Participants included three individuals with ABI (one male aged 33 years with head injury, one male aged 51 years with stroke, and one female aged 43 years with head ...
Leles José Luiz Rodrigues - - 2010
Maxillofacial injuries occur in a significant number of trauma patients. Epidemiological assessments are essential to reaffirm patterns, identify new trends and develop clinical and research priorities for effective treatment and prevention of these injuries. The aim of this study was to identify the epidemiological profile and risk factors associated with ...
Novack Thomas A - - 2010
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine return to driving and variables associated with that activity in a longitudinal database. RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a large, national database. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The sample was comprised of people with predominantly moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) enrolled in the TBI Model System national database ...
Ciofi-Silva C L - - 2010
PURPOSE: By using a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, the focus of this study was to describe the changes associated with burns on the lives of Brazilian burn victims during the rehabilitation phase, and to investigate possible associations between the changes in work reported by the participants and the ...
Mallory Ann - - 2010
The current study analyzed 1993-2007 data from NASS/CDS (National Automotive Sampling System / Crashworthiness Data System) to explore the types of serious head injuries sustained by adult motor vehicle crash occupants and how the types of head injuries sustained shifted with age. The purpose was to determine which head injuries ...
Ohene Sally-Ann - - 2010
Injuries are noted to be an important cause of death among adolescents. There is however limited data on the injury related deaths among adolescents in Ghana. Using data from post-mortem records derived from the Department of Pathology of the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Accra Ghana from 2001 to 2003, the ...
Shang Linshan - - 2010
Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) have been implicated in diverse pathological settings including diabetes, inflammation and acute ischemia/reperfusion injury in the heart. AGEs interact with the receptor for AGEs (RAGE) and transduce signals through activation of MAPKs and proapoptotic pathways. In the current study, adult cardiomyocytes were studied in an in ...
Stitzel Joel D - - 2010
The growing elderly population in the United States presents medical, engineering, and legislative challenges in trauma management and prevention. Thoracic injury incidence, morbidity, and mortality increase with age. This study utilized receiver-operator characteristic analysis to identify the quantitative age thresholds associated with increased mortality in common isolated types of thoracic ...
Hu Guoqing - - 2010
Urban-rural disparity is an important issue for injury control in China. Details of the urban-rural disparities in fatal injuries have not been analyzed. To target key injury causes that most contribute to the urban-rural disparity, we decomposed total urban-rural differences in 2006 injury mortality by gender, age, and cause. Mortality ...
Graham James E - - 2010
Graham JE, Radice-Neumann DM, Reistetter TA, Hammond FM, Dijkers M, Granger CV. Influence of sex and age on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes among older adults with traumatic brain injury. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of sex and age on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes in a large national sample of older adults with ...
Gon?alves S - - 2010
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome characterized by an acute renal cell injury that leads to sudden loss of renal function. There are currently no clinically validated treatments for AKI besides substituting renal function by dialysis. However, new biomarkers will allow an earlier diagnosis, thus providing a window of ...
Andersen Daniel - - 2010
Motor vehicle crash injuries among the elderly are an important public health problem. We sought to determine if older individuals (65 years and older) had worse self-reported physical functioning and mental health status than younger adults (18-64 years) at 6 and 12 months post-injury, while controlling for pre-injury functional status, ...
Green Wesley - - 2010
Accommodative dysfunction in individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can have a negative impact on quality of life, functional abilities, and rehabilitative progress. In this study, we used a range of dynamic and static objective laboratory and clinical measurements of accommodation to assess 12 adult patients (ages 18-40 years) ...
Hendricks Kitty J - - 2010
PURPOSE: To estimate the number and rate of on-farm injuries to youth living on farms in the United States by sex from 1998 to 2006 and compare the trends in youth injury by sex. METHODS: Data from 4 childhood agricultural injury surveys for the years 1998, 2001, 2004, and 2006 ...
Björkdahl Ann - - 2010
Several factors influence the return to work (RTW) after brain injury (BI). The aims of the study were to follow-up the RTW after a vocational neuropsychological programme for individuals with a brain injury and to explore factors predicting RTW. The hypothesis was that as self-awareness was already addressed in the ...
Williams W Huw - - 2010
TBI can lead to cognitive, behavioural and emotional difficulties. Previous studies suggest that TBI is relatively elevated in offender populations. In this study the aims were to establish the rate of TBI of various severities in a representative sample of adult offenders and patterns of custody associated with TBI. A ...
Innes Ev - - 2010
Men under 25 years are at high risk of back injuries caused by manual handling. Self reports and functional capacity evaluations are commonly used to determine a worker's lifting capacity, however, amongst uninjured individuals, conflicting views exist regarding how perceived physical functioning matches actual functioning in the absence of fear ...
Pham Tam N - - 2010
Older adults with burns are at risk for worse outcomes because of factors related to age, comorbidities, and response to treatment. Although the impact of pneumonia has been previously described in burn patients, less is known in the older adult population. In this study, we used the National Burn Repository ...
Fahridin Salma - - 2010
In 2007-2009, BEACH (Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health) recorded 979 encounters at which a possible sports related injury was managed in a patient aged 5-24 years. Although there is no way of determining the cause of an injury through BEACH data, we selected musculoskeletal injuries which could be ...
Abdul Rahman Normastura - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents are the main cause of trauma in Malaysia. It has been shown that there was an increase in admissions for trauma patients older than 60 years in the last decade. The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of maxillofacial injuries in the geriatric ...
Tait Robert J - - 2010
Traumatic or serious brain injury (BI) has persistent and well documented adverse outcomes, yet 'mild' or 'moderate' BI, which often does not result in hospital treatment, accounts for half the total days of disability attributed to BI. There are currently few data available from community samples on the incidence and ...
Sprigle Stephen - - 2010
Tilt and recline variable position seating systems are most commonly used for pressure relief to decrease potential for skin breakdown. This study provides quantitative information on the magnitudes of loading on the seat and back during phases of tilt, recline, and standing. The objective of this study was to show ...
Claus Catherine P - - 2010
There is increasing evidence that the inflammatory response differs in the injured developing brain as compared to the adult brain. Here we compared cerebral blood flow and profiled the inflammatory response in mice that had been subjected to traumatic brain injury (TBI) at postnatal day (P)21 or at adulthood. Relative ...
Nagata Takashi - - 2010
Road traffic injuries among the elderly have recently become a public health issue; therefore, we investigated the clinical characteristics of such injuries among the elderly in Japan. A retrospective study was performed using data from a medium-sized hospital emergency department. Data were extracted from medical records for one year, and ...
Leong Grace Woon Su - - 2010
To investigate age, gender, and left-right differences in cutaneous electrical perceptual threshold (EPT) testing in an able-bodied, Australian sample. Prospective experimental. Hospital-based spinal cord injuries unit. Cutaneous electrical stimulation of the 28 dermatomes at ASIA sensory key points (C2-S4/S5) was performed on 29 female and 16 male healthy volunteers aged ...
Klaas Sara J - - 2010
AIM: To determine patterns of participation and levels of enjoyment in young people with spinal cord injuries (SCI) and to assess how informal and formal participation varies across child, injury-related, household, and community variables. METHOD: One hundred and ninety-four participants (106 males, 88 females; mean age 13y 2mo, SD 3y ...
Mistry R M - - 2010
Burns are a complex phenomenon with multiple interactive factors. Age, ethnicity and socioeconomic deprivation have been identified in the literature as important determinants of this form of injury. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to undertake a descriptive analysis of the socioeconomic factors associated with burn injuries in ...
Hess Gregory William - - 2010
Sports participation has undergone an increase in recent decades. Injury due to sporting activity has also recently risen. The Achilles tendon has been one of the most common sports-related injuries. A 2 in 100,000 individual Achilles tendon injury rate increased to a 12 in 100,000 individual injury rate in less ...
Talmor Daniel - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The Committee on Trauma recommends that older motor vehicle crash (MVC) victims or victims of crashes with significant vehicle intrusion of more than 12 in. be transferred to a trauma center since those older than 55 have an increased risk of death after injury. Yet, the precise injury thresholds ...
Taghaddosinejad Fakhredin - - 2009
Currently little research exists examining self-mutilation (SM) in samples of forensic referrals. The present study provides a comprehensive review on the frequency, etiology, and morphologic characteristics of self-inflicted injuries in a sample of outpatients' forensic referrals. In a prospective cross-sectional study, during 3 years, we examined 9874 outpatients' forensic referrals ...
Jacobsson L J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess long-term functioning and disability after traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Individuals (n = 88) in Norrbotten, northern Sweden, who had been transferred for neurosurgical care were assessed with internationally established TBI outcome measures 6-15 years post-injury. RESULTS: There was an improvement in overall outcome from ...
Frisbie J H - - 2010
The study was a retrospective analysis. The objective of the study was to survey a chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) population for the prevalence and prognostic significance of anemia (AN) and hypoalbuminemia (HA). The study was conducted at VA Boston Healthcare System, USA. A review of records of 322 SCI ...
Ryb Gabriel E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of model year (MY) on the occurrence of severe injuries and death after involvement in motor vehicle crashes. METHODS: Cases involving adult front seat occupants of vehicles MY > or = 1994 equipped with frontal airbags were selected from the Crash Injury Research and Engineering ...
Sch?nberger Michael - - 2009
Age and injury severity are among the most significant predictors of outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, only a few studies have investigated the association between, age, injury severity, and the extent of brain damage in TBI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between age, ...
Pearce A A Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK. - - 2010
In recent decades the proportion of infants and young children being cared for in childcare has increased. Little is known about the impact that non-parental care has on childhood unintentional injury and whether this varies by socioeconomic group. Using data from a contemporary UK cohort of children at age 9 ...
Jiang Guohong - - 2010
Injury and poisoning are a growing public health concern in China due to rapid economic growth, which has resulted in many cases with an injury-prone environment, such as overcrowded traffic, booming construction, and work-related stress. This study investigates the distribution and trends of deaths from injury and poisoning in Tianjin, ...
Doughty A - - 2009
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There are ethical concerns regarding the loss of horses from various equine industries and their corresponding slaughter. However, to date, no empirical evidence regarding the extent of this loss, nor of the condition of horses involved, exists within Australia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the approximate ages, brand ...
Valente Stephanie A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with a decline in immune function. This may contribute to decreased ability of an elderly patient to mount an appropriate innate inflammatory response when injured. This study examined elderly trauma patients to determine whether there was a difference in neutrophil response to injury when compared with ...
Jakob Werner - - 2009
The objective of this retrospective analysis was to determine whether outcome of body functions and activities as well as length of stay of inpatient rehabilitation is related to age in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Data were collected from a European network of 17 SCI rehabilitation centers (EM-SCI); ...
Jim??nez-Brobeil S A - - 2009
The main aim of this study was to analyze the presence and distribution of cranial trauma, as possible evidence of violence, in remains from the Neolithic to Bronze Age from the SE Iberian Peninsula. The sample contains skulls, crania, and cranial vaults belonging to 410 prehistoric individuals. We also studied ...
Smith Joseph L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: People who hunt deer from elevated tree stands may improve the chances of a successful hunt but also risk serious injury from a fall to the ground. PURPOSE: The objective of the current investigation is to estimate the rates of injuries from falls from tree stands using a population-based ...
Burrows Stephanie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the leading causes of fatal injury for urban South African children aged 0-14 years, the distribution of those causes and the current potential for safety improvements. METHODS: We obtained injury surveillance data from the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System 2001-2003 for six major South African cities varying ...
Hagen E M - - 2010
Retrospective population-based epidemiological study. To assess the prevalence and temporal trends in the incidence of traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSCI), and demographic and clinical characteristics of an unselected, geographically defined cohort in the period 1952-2001. The patients were identified from hospital records. Crude rates and age-adjusted rates were calculated for ...
Sandhir Rajat - - 2010
Exacerbated inflammatory responses have been reported following traumatic injury to the aged brain. The present study was designed to investigate the involvement of the transcription factors belonging to the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) family that regulate expression of many of the pro-inflammatory genes which show increased expression following injury to ...
Ho Shu-Chen - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the trends in rates of fatal occupational injuries in Taiwan by demographic group and occupation for 1994-2005. METHODS: Data on deaths due to injuries at work from 1994 through 2005 were obtained from the Department of Health which is responsible for the death registration system in ...
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