Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1303
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zarzaur Ben L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: As the population of the United States ages and as the healthcare system undergoes significant change, cost effectiveness of care will become more important, particularly for older injured patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost per 2-year survivor stratified by age after moderate- to severe-nonneurologic ...
Fornander Lotta - - 2010
OBJECT: The authors conducted a study to determine age- and time-dependent effects on the functional outcome after median nerve injury and repair and how such effects are related to changes in the pattern of cortical activation in response to tactile stimulation of the injured hand. METHODS: The authors studied 11 ...
Hu Guoqing - - 2010
To understand the epidemiology of non-fatal injuries among adults aged 65 years and older in China. Cross-sectional survey (the Fourth National Health Services Survey of China). Urban and rural residents aged 65 years and older from 56,400 households in China. The incidence rate was calculated as the number of persons ...
Creamer Gowan - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the role of Māori and Pacific ethnicity within the severe trauma and population demographics of Auckland, New Zealand. METHODS: A population-based study utilising prospectively gathered trauma databases and coronial autopsy information. Population data was derived from Statistics New Zealand resident population projections for the year 2004. The ...
Lam Carlos - - 2011
. Traffic accidents and falls are the major causes of spinal trauma, which result in serious personal and social loss. A comparison between causes and patients' characteristics can be important. . A total of 681 spinal trauma patients were compared for differences, and the effects of age stratification of the ...
Larsson Jerry - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe if and when a sample of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients could finish their time of sick leave during a 4-year follow up and to explore which factors that influenced the time for sick leave. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All persons, 1999-2002, ...
Landy David C - - 2011
Unintentional injury is a leading cause of preventable mortality in elderly populations and is most often related to accidental falls and motor vehicle accidents. Hispanic ethnicity has been previously associated with decreased risk of accidental fall death as well as improved outcomes in other health states, the "Hispanic paradox." A ...
Bolorunduro O B - - 2011
The Injury Severity Score (ISS) is the most commonly used measure of injury severity. The score has been shown to have excellent predictive capability for trauma mortality and has been validated in multiple data sets. However, the score has never been tested to see if its discriminatory ability is affected ...
Zarzaur Ben L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Reliance on traditional vital signs (TVS), particularly in older patients, to identify life-threatening shock after injury may be unreliable. Shock index (SI), defined as heart rate divided by systolic blood pressure (SBP), may be a better indicator of early shock after injury than TVS. Multiplying age by SI (age ...
Charlifue Susan - - 2010
As more individuals with spinal cord injuries survive into the later decades of life, they are faced with a variety of potential secondary conditions that limit their physical independence and affect community integration. This article describes, body system by body system, the various health issues that people with spinal cord ...
De Bonis Pasquale - - 2010
OBJECT: It is generally believed that the outcome of traumatic brain injury is not improved by decompressive craniectomy in patients older than 30-50 years. A literature search was performed to assess the level of evidence with respect to the effect of age on outcome in these cases. METHODS: References were ...
Al-Jadid Maher - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine and analyze the influence of age, gender, type of injury, and ethnicity in the length of stay (LoS) of in-patient rehabilitation unit patients after traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) and non- traumatic spinal cord injury (NTSCI). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients who completed ...
Gilmer Lesley K - - 2010
Mitochondrial dysfunction is known to occur following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and has been well characterized. This study assessed possible age-related changes in the cortical mitochondrial bioenergetics following TBI. Three hours following a moderate TBI, tissue from the ipsilateral hemisphere (site of impact and penumbra) and the corresponding contralateral region ...
Sengoelge Mathilde - - 2011
Child injury mortality and morbidity are a public health concern in European countries and data are scarce. Cross-national efforts are needed to identify high-risk groups, follow trends and assist in establishing European-wide safety legislation. This study investigates fatal child injuries in the home, as compared to those in transport in ...
Fan Zhong-Kai - - 2010
The current study was performed to investigate the effect of aminoguanidine (AG) on spinal cord injury (SCI) in rat. AG (75, 150 and 300mg/kg, i.p. respectively ) was administered to rats immediately following SCI. It was found that AG (150mg/kg) significantly reduced spinal cord water content and improved motor function, ...
Martin Niels D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Roadside pedestrian injuries represent a significant portion of trauma team activations, especially at urban trauma centers. Patient demographics and severity of injury vary greatly in this patient population. Herein, we hypothesize that injury patterns may be predictable, especially with respect to age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with roadside ...
- - 2010
Younger workers (defined as those aged 15-24 years) represent 14% of the U.S. labor force and face high risk for injury while on the job. To assess trends and help guide efforts to improve young worker safety, CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) analyzed data from the ...
Fabbri Andrea - - 2010
To explore the temporal trend of incidence, causes of injury and main characteristics of adolescent and adult subjects with mild head injury (MHI). This study had a retrospective design. The study was conducted in a longitudinal database of an Italian Emergency Department (ED). The study comprised 19124 consecutive subjects who ...
Branco Bernardino Castelo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have demonstrated increasing lethality among young women after inflicted injuries (SII). The aim of this study was to examine sex differences in the methods and outcomes of childhood and adolescent SII. METHODS: The National Trauma Databank (v 7.0) was used to identify all patients 18 years or ...
Kukaswadia Atif - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In this study we explored the effects of the 2002 rule change in Ontario minor hockey, in which body-checking was introduced at the atom (ages 9-10) instead of the peewee (previously ages 12-13) age level. It was hypothesized that the introduction of body-checking at younger ages would result in ...
Subba S H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The study was carried out to study the pattern of injuries and epidemiological factors in Nepal where there is no systematic surveillance system for injuries. DESIGN: A hospital based, retrospective study conducted by extracting data from the medico-legal register of the Emergency Department of a Regional Hospital for 3 ...
Díez Diego Reyero - - 2012
Background: Information obtained from vehicle crash scenes, called kinematics, may prove useful in the management of victims and may complement anatomical and physiological findings. Objectives: In addition to analyzing the significance of age, gender, position occupied in the vehicle, the use of restraint systems, and ejection from the vehicle, the ...
Mildner E - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Modern ski carving technique demands that skiers have a strong sense of balance and edge their skis with precision and feeling. Stiff ski boots facilitate the transfer of power to the ski but increase the difficulty of balancing. The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of ...
Sendroy-Terrill Melissa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate aging with traumatic brain injury (TBI) by determining if long-term outcomes after TBI are predicted by years postinjury and age at injury after controlling for the severity of the injury and sex. DESIGN: Cross-sectional follow-up telephone survey. SETTING: Community residents who had received initial treatment in a ...
Oliveira Michelle J C - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL). The study patients had a diagnosis of VL and were admitted to a tertiary hospital. A multivariate analysis was performed to analyze the risk factors for AKI. A ...
Meuleners Lynn B - - 2010
Indigenous people experience a disproportionately high burden of interpersonal violence. This paper compares the demographic characteristics and injury circumstances of male and female Indigenous Australians hospitalised due to interpersonal violence in Western Australia over a 15-year period. A population-based, retrospective study of all hospitalisations due to interpersonal violence for Indigenous ...
Terry Joshua - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: Tree stands have remained popular among hunters because of the increased vantage point for the hunter. Although stand styles vary, the typical stand is very minimalistic in design, comprising a seat and an area for the hunter to place his feet. Although there have been studies using state trauma ...
Dokov William - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We describe herein the characteristics of lethal injuries caused by low-voltage electrical current (electrocution), the most frequent injury caused by electrical current. METHODS: Nine hundred forty-five cases over a period of 41 years (1965-2006) were reviewed, of which, 351 electrocution cases were identified. The descriptive statistical analyses were carried ...
Bhatti Junaid A - - 2010
Pakistan is ranked 12th worldwide for passenger kilometres (km) travelled by railway network. The objective of this study was to assess the railway network related morbidity and mortality in Pakistan. Reported deaths and injuries due to this network were extracted from two secondary datasets: (1) an international disaster database and ...
Grant William D - - 2010
There is a scarcity of analytical data regarding mass-gathering medical care. The purpose of this study was to identify and evaluate the range and nature of illness and injury for patrons of an annual, multi-day, mass gathering. Encounter data from all patients seen by emergency physicians at the New York ...
Shim Yon Hee - - 2010
With an increase in the elderly population and an increase in the prevalence of age-related cardiovascular disease, anesthesiologists are increasingly being faced with elderly patients with known or suspected ischemic heart disease in the perioperative period. Although early reperfusion remains the best strategy to reduce ischemic injury, reperfusion may damage ...
Harada Mikio - - 2010
HYPOTHESIS: There are some risk factors that could predispose a young baseball player to elbow injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study participants were 294 baseball players aged 9 to 12 years old. A questionnaire, physical examination, and ultrasound imaging to investigate elbow injuries were performed. Data for the groups with and ...
Wattie Nick - - 2010
To examine if chronological age within Canadian youth ice hockey's 2-year age bands influences the proportion of injury. Retrospective secondary data analyses. Information on 4736 injured youth ice hockey players (10-15 years old) reported by the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting Prevention Program (CHIRPP) and 4959 (12-15 years old) injured players ...
Brown Joshua B - - 2010
Industry statistics suggest that motorcycle owners in the United States are getting older. Our objective was to analyze the effect of this demographic shift on injuries and outcomes after a motorcycle crash. Injured motorcyclists aged 17 to 89 years in the National Trauma Databank were reviewed from 1996 to 2005. ...
Slaus Mario - - 2010
Excavation of the historic period cemetery in Cepin, Croatia revealed the presence of a large number of perimortem injuries distributed among males, females, and subadults. Archaeological and historical data suggest these individuals were victims of a raid carried out by Turkish akinji light cavalry in 1441. Comparisons with the frequencies ...
Bazarian Jeffrey J - - 2010
The objective of this study was to estimate the independent association of sex with outcome after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). We performed an analysis of a subset of an established cohort involving 1425 mTBI patients presenting to an academic emergency department (ED). The associations between sex and three outcomes ...
Tanriverdi Fatih - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Current data clearly demonstrate that sports-related chronic repetitive head trauma due to boxing might result in hypopituitarism. However, the mechanism of sports-related traumatic brain injury-induced pituitary dysfunction is still unclear. In order to understand whether autoimmune mechanisms could play a role in the pituitary dysfunction due to sports-related head ...
Thierauf Annette - - 2010
Fatal falls are frequent and inhomogeneous events and affect every age. The criminalistic classification can often only be done on the basis of extensive investigations and the autopsy results. We retrospectively surveyed 291 cases of fatal falls on which a post-mortem examination had been carried out in the institutes of ...
Edirisinghe P A S - - 2010
Stabbing, mechanical asphyxia, blunt head injury and shooting are the most common methods of homicides, with firearm homicides on the increase throughout the world. This study was a retrospective study carried out by the Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka over a 1 year period on firearm ...
Aitken Leanne M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe the seriously injured adult population aged 65 and older; compare the differences in injury characteristics and outcomes in three subgroups aged 65 to 74, 75 to 84, and 85 and older; and identify predictors of death, complications, and hospital discharge destination. DESIGN: Retrospective secondary analysis of data ...
Purnell Melinda - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and risk factors for injury associated with the performance of acrobatic gymnastics. DESIGN: Retrospective injury and training survey. SETTING: New South Wales acrobatic gymnastics clubs. PARTICIPANTS: Surveys were completed by 73 acrobatic gymnasts (69 female) aged 8-26 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Data on injury incidence ...
Hossu Marius - - 2010
Ultraweak biophoton emission of cutting-injured sweet potato is enhanced by the incubation with Ag nanoparticles in a nonlinear way. The late peak of the emission after the cutting injury is amplified as much as 15 times, while only little amplification was identified for the emission measured immediately after the cutting. ...
Kerr Zachary Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: As participation in weight training in the United States increases, the number of persons at injury risk increases. PURPOSE: To examine weight training-related injuries in patients presenting to US emergency departments from 1990 to 2007. Study Design Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Weight training-related injury data were analyzed from the ...
Rothman Linda - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the severity of injuries sustained by pedestrians involved in motor vehicle collisions varies by road type and age. METHODS: All police-reported pedestrian motor vehicle collisions in the city of Toronto, Canada, between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2005, were analyzed. Geographic Information Systems software was ...
Hu Guoqing - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify recent increases in mortality and morbidity rates from injuries among Americans aged 65 years and over. DESIGN: A longitudinal analysis of mortality and morbidity data on injuries in the elderly, examining variations in recent trends by cause, sex, race/ethnicity and age group. SETTING: USA, mortality rate (2000-6) ...
Altintas Ahmet Ali - - 2010
BACKGROUND: When combustion and ambustion induce a superficial injury, they are summarized as superficial burns, regardless of the underlying cause. Reflectance-confocal microscopy (RCM) allows noninvasive imaging of the human skin on morphological features. We hypothesized that combustion and ambustion have different histomorphological effects on the human skin. METHODS: Superficial burns ...
Talving Peep - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of age to the injury types, distribution, and severity in motorcycle crash (MCC) victims admitted to Los Angeles County emergency hospitals in California. METHODS: This Los Angeles countywide trauma registry study included all MCC victims admitted to the 13 ...
Bener Abdulbari A Department of Medical Statistics & Epidemiology, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Weill Cornell Medical College, Doha, Qatar. - - 2010
Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) remain an important public health problem in most industrial developed and especially in developing countries. This may also result in temporary or permanent disability. The aim of this study was to examine the trends in the distribution of traumatic brain injuries by gender, age, severity of ...
Menacho Maryela de Oliveira Mde - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to determine whether peroneal reaction time is influenced by ankle's impairment in subjects with ankle injury assessed by surface electromyography. The studies were identified by electronic research by two independent reviewers at the following databases: MEDLINE (1966-2009), EMBASE (1980-2009), LILACS (1982-2009), CINAHL (1982-2009) and, ...
Chiu Wen-Ta - - 2010
A review of global epidemiological studies of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) within 2 decades was undertaken to compare the incidence, mortality rate, patients' age, gender, causes, and severity of injury between developed countries and developing countries. The incidence rates varied greatly, and there was also a 2-fold difference between ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >