Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1303
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Gabbe Belinda J - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Increasing age is a commonly identified predictor of hamstring injury but is not modifiable to reduce injury risk. Why increasing age is a risk factor for hamstring injuries in athletes has not been studied to date. This study aimed to identify potentially modifiable age-related changes that predict hamstring injury ...
Cancio Leopold C - - 2006
The main determinants of mortality after burn injury that can be measured on admission include age, total burn size (% burn), and inhalation injury (INHAL). Other variables, measured during resuscitation, may provide additional information about injury severity. We assessed the utility of early arterial blood gas (ABG) data in predicting ...
Heng K W J - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: To describe the relationship between bicycle helmet use and injury pattern sustained by patients presenting to an emergency department (ED) in Singapore for bicycle-related trauma. METHODS: Data was collected from all individuals treated for bicycle-related trauma between September 1, 2004 and May 31, 2005 using a closed-ended questionnaire. RESULTS: ...
Ozsahin Aysun - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to assess safety awareness among laboratory personnel. The research group, which consisted of 84 subjects (88.4% of 95 persons contacted), completed a questionnaire. Of the study population, 55.9% were male and 44.1% were female. On the subject of how to receive samples, 70.2% of ...
Malina Robert M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of injuries in youth football and to assess the relationship between player-related risk factors (age, body size, biological maturity status) and the occurrence of injury in youth football. DESIGN: Prospective over two seasons. SETTING: Two communities in central Michigan. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects were 678 youth, 9-14 ...
Smerz Richard W - - 2006
The effect of aging on risk for development of decompression illness in divers has often been reported as an incidental finding in epidemiological analyses of diving accidents. No previous publications have specifically attempted to quantify or qualify those risks if present. This study demonstrates that aging increases risk for injury ...
Goettler Claudia E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy has few, severe risks, while prolonged endotracheal intubation causes morbidity. The need for tracheostomy was assessed, based on early clinical parameters. METHODS: Adult trauma patients (January 1994-August 2004), intubated for resuscitation, ventilated >24 hours, were retrospectively evaluated for demographics, physiology, brain, and pulmonary injury. Tracheostomy patients were compared ...
Lee, Buom-Young
The pine needle gall midge is the most injurious pest of Pinus densifora and P. thwzbergii in Korea. In general, pine needle gall midge damage reaches a maximal level about 7 years following invasion by the midge, and parasite populations increase a few years thereafter. Four species of Platygastridae that ...
Shao Changxing - - 2006
Oxidative damage is proposed as a key mediator of exacerbated morphological responses and deficits in behavioral recovery in aged subjects with traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the present study, we show exacerbated loss of tissue in middle aged (12 months) and aged (22 months) Fisher-344 rats compared to young animals ...
Sun David T F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We aim to identify the incidence and the characteristics of non-accidental subdural haemorrhage in Hong Kong in children under the age of 5 years. METHOD: Eighteen children aged below 5 years presented with subdural haemorrhage without a history of significant trauma were studied. Clinical features and the work-up process ...
Yates P J - - 2006
We aimed to identify the attendance rate for all head injuries, and for moderate to severe head injury (MSHI), in an emergency department (ED), and related risk factors for MSHI, including age, sex, area of residence, and socioeconomic status (SES). This was a retrospective descriptive epidemiological study of an ED ...
Willis Lynn R - - 2006
Lithotripsy shock waves (SW) to one renal pole damage that pole but protect the opposite pole from the damage inflicted by another, immediate application of SW. This study investigated whether the protection (1) occurs when the first treatment causes no injury, (2) is caused by SW or injury, (3) exhibits ...
Thomas Nancy I - - 2006
In this retrospective case-control study, researchers examined risk factors for four types of work-related injury (WRI) in hospital employees. Data were collected from employee health charts and computer databases (N = 2050) and analyzed using logistic regression. Study results showed that strain injuries were related to increased age, increased body ...
Stapert Sven - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Age is assumed to be a negative prognostic factor in recovery from moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Little is known on cognitive performance after mild TBI in relation to age in the sub-acute stage after injury. METHOD: Ninety-nine mild TBI subjects (age 15-75) were compared with 91 healthy control ...
Sinclair Sara A - - 2006
PURPOSE: An estimated 60% of Americans wear prescription eyeglasses. Despite the fact that eyeglasses pose a threat for injury, there is little research presenting national statistics of eyeglasses-related injuries. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was used to analyze eyeglasses-related injuries treated in U.S. emergency departments (EDs) in 2002-2003. ...
Kalichman Leonid - - 2006
The Osseographic Scoring System (OSS) is a synthetic measure of skeletal aging that combines osteoporotic and osteoarthritic changes of the hand. The OSS is used to evaluate biological age in a population. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between certain chronic morbidities and the skeletal ...
Davis Daniel P - - 2006
Gender differences in outcomes from major trauma have been described previously, and exogenous female hormone administration appears to be neuroprotective following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This analysis explored outcomes in pre- and post-menopausal females versus age-matched males. A total of 13,437 patients (n = 3,178 females, n = 10,259 males) ...
Le Gall Franck - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Research on age-related injury incidence in elite youth soccer is needed to identify high-risk groups. PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of soccer-related injuries in elite French youth players based at the Clairefontaine Football Center. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (Prevalence); Level of evidence, 1. METHODS: Injuries sustained by players in ...
Skarbek-Borowska Sara - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of nonfatal sledding-related injuries in U.S. children resulting in emergency department (ED) visits in 2001/2002 and to explore the implications of these findings for injury prevention efforts. METHODS: A stratified probability sample of U.S. hospitals providing emergency services in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All ...
Yong In Kuk
Differential sensitivity to paraquat was observed between cucumber cultivars and leaf age. Physiological responses to paraquat, including antioxidative enzyme activity, were investigated in leaf age classes of cucumber to identify mechanisms of paraquat tolerance. Leaf injury for ‘Naeseosamcheok’, ‘Daehandadagi’, ‘Baekgwangdadagi’, ‘Sangrokheukjinju’, and ‘Eunseongbaekdadagi’ cultivars was less than that of six ...
Marsh N V - - 2006
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To replicate previous studies which have reported a high prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in partner-abusive men and to extend research in this area by determining the prevalence of executive dysfunctions, which have been linked with both TBI and violent behaviour. RESEARCH DESIGN: Thirty-eight men with criminal ...
Locker David - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and causes of injuries to the mouth and teeth among adults aged 18 to 50 years in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: 2001 individuals in the target age range participated in a telephone interview survey based on random digit dialling. RESULTS: Overall, 15.5% of subjects reported a ...
Aggazzotti Gabriella - - 2006
Emergency departments records from 33 hospitals were reviewed to disclose work-related injuries occurred in teen-subjects living in 14 Italian cities. During January-June 2000, 317 work-related injuries were reported. Male subjects, 17 year old, working in the industrial field, resulted the most affected, probably due to the fact that among young ...
Hubbard Tricia J - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the position of the distal fibula in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). BACKGROUND: Recent literature has suggested that a positional fault of the fibula on the tibia may contribute to CAI; however, there is a ...
Chang Wen-Chun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common problem in women and often requires surgical management. Sacrospinous colpopexy (SSC) requires significant expertise, especially in placement of the suture into sacrospinous ligament (SSL). METHODS: Veronikis ligature carrier (VLC) designed for SSC was used to facilitate suture placement and retrieval under direct visualization ...
Yates Kim - - 2006
AIMS: To investigate health literacy (i.e. understanding medical information) in North Shore Hospital's Emergency Medicine Department patients and to assess differences in comprehension between standard and simplified head injury advice sheets. METHODS: Prospective randomised controlled trial in a convenience sample of adult Emergency Medicine patients presenting to an urban emergency ...
Leung Brian - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to review the relationship of patient demographics to mechanism of injury (MOI). The 2000 Kids Inpatient Database (KID) was used. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the relationship between each MOI relative to other MOIs for each of five identified predictors (age, gender, race, ...
Khan Mohammad Muhshin Aziz - - 2006
Case-study research was carried out with a view to find the attributes of occupational injury among workers in the chemical industry and to enhance safety issues. Injury data were collected and processed in terms of different variables, such as age, gender, skills, type of hazard, etc. Pareto analysis was then ...
Maziak Wasim - - 2006
Despite the growing burden of injuries worldwide, Syria and many other Arab countries still lack population-based estimates of different types of injuries. This study aims to provide first population-based estimates of major injuries in Syria and characterize groups at increased risk. An interviewer-administered population-based survey of adults 18-65 years residing ...
Frisbie James H - - 2006
Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism are common within weeks of spinal cord injury (SCI) but clinically uncommon in the chronically paralyzed. Fibrinogen half-life (FHL) and fibrin uptake of the legs (FUT), as indicators of an active thrombotic process, have been used to test this clinical impression. Data from the ...
Cherpitel Cheryl J - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this analysis was to examine the average rate and variation of alcohol-related injury across emergency department (ED) studies, the effect of usual drinking on likelihood of alcohol-related injury, whether cross-study variation in rate of alcohol-related injury can be explained by between-study difference in usual consumption and ...
Daanen Hein A M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) is mentioned as a mechanism that may prevent the occurrence of local cold injuries. The magnitude of the CIVD reaction differs considerably between subjects and there were some indications that those subjects with a fast CIVD reaction with high amplitude had a reduced risk for cold ...
Choudhry Mashkoor A - - 2005
To understand the pathogenesis of a disease, experimental models are needed. A good experimental model is the one that simulates responses observed in the clinical setting. In recent years, clinical studies have indicated that gender might be a factor that plays a significant role in the outcome of patients with ...
Kypri Kypros - - 2006
In 1999, New Zealand lowered the minimum purchasing age for alcohol from 20 to 18 years. We tested the hypothesis that this increased traffic crash injuries among 15- to 19-year-olds. Poisson regression was used to compute incidence rate ratios for the after to before incidence of alcohol-involved crashes and hospitalized ...
Kanz Fabian - - 2006
Gladiator remains from a recently unearthed cemetery in ancient Ephesus (Turkey) offer a unique opportunity for proving common theories involving the weaponry and techniques of gladiator fighting based on the evidence supplied by cranial bones. This mass grave is the first of its kind to undergo a thorough osteological and ...
Shin J I - - 2005
AIMS: To clarify the role of mesangial fibrinogen deposition in crescentic Henoch-Schönlein nephritis (HSN). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 21 children with HSN treated with immunosuppressants. Serial renal biopsies were performed before and after treatment. They were divided into two groups according to the immunofluorescent course of fibrinogen deposition: group ...
Kilkens Olga J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study changes in wheelchair skills in subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI) during rehabilitation; to determine whether changes in wheelchair skill performance are related to the subject, lesion characteristics, secondary complications, and upper extremity pain; and to investigate if wheelchair skill performance at discharge can be predicted from ...
Kuhne Christian A - - 2005
Age is a well-known risk factor in trauma patients. The aim of the present study was to define the age-dependent cut-off for increasing mortality in multiple injured patients. Pre-existing medical conditions in older age and impaired age-dependent physiologic reserve contributing to a worse outcome in multiple injured elderly patients are ...
Rubenfeld Gordon D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Acute lung injury is a critical illness syndrome consisting of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure with bilateral pulmonary infiltrates that are not attributed to left atrial hypertension. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the mechanism and treatment of acute lung injury, its incidence and outcomes in the United States ...
Hisamatsu Ken-ichi - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to investigate mucosal cell injury due to the nitric oxide (NO)-superoxide system in otitis media with effusion. METHODS: We determined the levels of nitrotyrosine (NT) and NO and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) in 90 middle ear fluid samples. RESULTS: The ...
Tsung James W - - 2005
Worldwide, more than 1000 scuba (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus) diving injuries per year requiring hyperbaric recompression are documented. Approximately 80 to 90 fatalities per year are reported in North America. On average, there were 16 diving injuries requiring hyperbaric recompression therapy in scuba divers aged 19 years and younger in ...
Layman D E - - 2005
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To qualitatively explore the partner relationships of older couples faced with traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative analysis comparing individuals with TBI and a comparison group. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty-one individuals were interviewed using a semi-structured format focusing on various aspects of their partner relationship. A qualitative ...
Willer Barry - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine injury rates in a youth ice hockey program over two seasons (2002-2004). Injury rates for age groups (4-18 yr) and for different levels of competition were compared. Another purpose was to determine the effect of body checking on injury rates among ...
Mohammadi R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: As elsewhere, unintentional injuries are a leading cause of death in Iran, but non-fatal injuries occurring in the home environment have not been analysed. OBJECTIVES: The primary purposes of this study were to describe the pattern of home-related injuries and to obtain incidence rates for their determinants in order ...
Wood R L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence suggests that neurobehavioural disability is a frequent legacy of serious head trauma and has a major impact on the psychological well-being of relatives and friends of people with brain injuries. OBJECTIVE: To explore which neurobehavioural legacies of serious head trauma have the greatest impact on personal relationships ...
Sugerman David E - - 2005
The aim was to determine the epidemiology and risk factors of childhood and young adult injuries among long-term Afghan refugees in Pakistan. A stratified cluster study was undertaken on a random sample of refugee households from June to July 2002. The Afghan Refugee Injury Survey was administered to the head ...
Tillman M D - - 2005
AIM: The goal of this study was to compare measures of lower extremity alignment between males and females, which may account for gender differences in anterior cruciate ligament injury rates. Static lower extremity alignment has been implicated as predisposing individuals to anterior cruciate ligament injury and may vary between males ...
Sipski Marca L - - 2005
Women with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) have predictable alterations in sexual responses. They commonly have a decreased ability to achieve genital sexual arousal. This study determined whether the use of vibratory stimulation would result in increased genital arousal as measured by vaginal pulse amplitude in women with SCIs. Subjects included ...
Lehtola Sari - - 2006
Of the Finnish persons aged 85 years or older, living at home, 555 (67% of this age class) were monitored for two years to describe the circumstances and the frequency of falls and injury-causing falls. The incidence rates of falls, major soft tissue injuries and fractures were 1039 (95% confidence ...
O'Connor Peter J - - 2006
This study reports on trends in spinal cord injury based on the Australian Spinal Cord Injury Register (ASCIR), which provided full coverage in those aged 15 years and over. The underlying annual rate of change from 1986 to 1997 was calculated for age-specific, crude and age-standardised incidence rates. An appropriate ...
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