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Sun Yingying Y a Health Committee Office of Jilin Provincial Party Committee , Changchun , P.R. - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of our study was to better characterize and evaluate drunk driving for governmental reference in order to further reduce alcohol-impaired driving. Method: This article reports the characteristics of 1226 alcohol-positive drivers with blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) at or over the legal limit of 0.20 mg/mL involved in nonfatal ...
Callaghan Russell C RC Northern Medical Program, University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), Prince George, British Columbia, Canada; Human Brain Laboratory, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
There is growing concern about the possible adverse health impacts of binge drinking during birthday celebrations among adolescents and young adults. We estimate the impacts of birthday alcohol use on adolescent and young adult in-patient/emergency department (ED) hospital admissions. We employed Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) intervention analysis to assess ...
Hendershot Christian S CS Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, - - 2014
Human laboratory and animal models implicate variation in the μ-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) as relevant for alcohol-related reward. OPRM1 is associated with alcohol self-administration in non-human primate studies, but the relevance of this finding to human models is unclear. This study used computer-assisted self-infusion of ethanol (CASE) to examine associations ...
Hickox Kaci L - - 2014
Motor vehicle collisions and crashes are a leading cause of death among Nevada residents aged 5-34 years, representing 14% of all injury deaths in that age group in 2010. During 2008-2011, a total of 173 pedestrian deaths from motor vehicle collisions occurred in Nevada, accounting for 16% of motor vehicle ...
Todd Jessica E JE Jessica E. Todd and Michele Ver Ploeg are with the Food Economics Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, - - 2014
Objectives. We compared sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB), alcohol, and other caloric beverage (juice and milk) consumption of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants with that of low-income nonparticipants. Methods. We used 1 day of dietary intake data from the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 4594 adults aged 20 ...
McKetin Rebecca R Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Well-Being, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
Recently, Marczinski and colleagues (2013) showed that energy drinks combined with alcohol augment a person's desire to drink more alcohol relative to drinking alcohol alone. The current study replicates the findings of Marczinski and colleagues (2013) using a robust measure of alcohol craving. Seventy-five participants aged 18 to 30 years were ...
Benson Sarah S Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Melbourne, VIC 3122, - - 2014
BENSON S., J.C. Verster, C. Alford and A. Scholey. Effects of mixing alcohol with caffeinated beverages on subjective intoxication: a critical review and meta-analysis. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV XX(X) XXX-XXX, 2014. - It has been suggested that mixing alcohol with energy drinks or other caffeinated beverages may alter the awareness of ...
Musinguzi Geofrey G Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda; International Health Unit, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium, Antwerp, - - 2014
In a community survey, 4432 persons aged 15 years and older in two districts in Uganda were studied. Blood pressure was measured and predictors for subtypes of uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) were assessed using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression modeling. Prevalence of uncontrolled HTN was 20.2% and the subgroups of isolated systolic ...
Reslan Summar - - 2014
Purpose/Objective: Postinjury alcohol use is a common problem within the traumatic brain injury (TBI) population. Given the association between heavy drinking and the development of alcohol-related consequences, we attempted to understand the contribution of postinjury coping strategies and other risk factors to alcohol-related problems following moderate to severe TBI. Research ...
Kaplan M S MS Department of Social Welfare, UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Although there is a large and growing body of evidence concerning the impact of contracting economies on suicide mortality risk, far less is known about the role alcohol consumption plays in the complex relationship between economic conditions and suicide. The aims were to compare the postmortem alcohol intoxication rates among ...
Mutalip Mohd Hatta B Abdul MH Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, JalanBangsar, 50590 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - - 2014
To identify the characteristics of current drinker and risky alcohol-drinking pattern by profiles in Malaysia. We analyzed data from the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011. It was a cross-sectional population-based with two stages stratified random sampling design. A validated Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test Malay questionnaire was used to ...
Kuendig H H Addiction Switzerland, Research Institute, CH-1003 Lausanne, Switzerland - - 2014
While laws restrict alcohol access to youth under the age of 16/18 (fermented/distilled beverages) in Switzerland, direct underage accessibility is high. Focusing on underage youth, our study presents an inventory of primary and alternative modes of access to alcohol and investigates associations with youth characteristics. Data were collected using semi-structured ...
Ahacic Kozma - - 2014
Telephone helplines are easily available and can offer anonymity. Alcohol helplines may be a potential gateway to a more advanced support protocol, and they may function as a primary support option for some. However, although telephone helplines (quitlines) make up an established evidence-based support arena for smoking cessation, few studies ...
Allamani Allaman A 1Agenzia Regionale di Sanità Toscana, Firenze, - - 2014
This AMPHORA study's aim was to investigate selected factors potentially affecting changes in consumption of alcoholic beverages in 12 European countries during the 1960s-2008 (an average increase in beer, decreases in wine and spirits, total alcohol drinking decrease). Both time series and artificial neural networks-based analyses were used. Results indicated ...
Rochelle Tina L TL a Department of Applied Social Sciences , City University of Hong Kong , Kowloon , Hong - - 2014
We studied the gender gap in life expectancy (GGLE), which currently favours women on average by 5 years. Individual data from 54 societies were extracted from the 1999-2004 wave of the World Values Survey. The GGLE was not predicted by the socio-economic factors of gross domestic product (GDP) or Gini coefficient, ...
Erdozain Amaia M AM Department of Pharmacology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Bizkaia, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid, - - 2014
There is strong biochemical, pharmacological and genetic evidence for the involvement of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in alcohol dependence. However, the majority of studies have been performed in animal models. The aim of the present study was to assess the state of the CB1 receptor, the enzymes fatty acid amide ...
Houwing Sjoerd S SWOV, Institute for Road Safety Research, Bezuidenhoutseweg 62, 2594 AW The Hague, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the variation in the prevalence of alcohol in everyday traffic in the Netherlands during all days of the week and all times of day. Breath tests were taken from randomly selected car drivers and drivers of small vans in ...
Cheah Sern-Yih SY Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, 60 Musk Ave., Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, - - 2014
The functional BDNF single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs6265 has been associated with many disorders including schizophrenia and alcohol dependence. However, studies have been inconsistent, reporting both positive and negative associations. Comorbid alcohol dependence has a high prevalence in schizophrenia so we investigated the role of rs6265 in alcohol dependence in ...
Carson Henry J HJ From Mercy Hospital, Iowa City, IA. - - 2014
At autopsy, tattoos are recorded as part of the external examination. An investigation was undertaken to determine whether negative messages that are tattooed on a decedent may indicate a predisposition to certain fatal outcomes. Tattooed and nontattooed persons were classified by demography and forensics. Tattoos with negative or ominous messages ...
Knight Pk P Discipline of Biomedical Science, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. - - 2014
To compare handedness of whip use by Australian jockeys in Melbourne (where racing is counterclockwise) and Sydney (where racing is clockwise). Photographs of finishes of Thoroughbred horse races in Melbourne and Sydney were examined. Where whip use was clearly visible, the venue, the hand in which the whip was held ...
Eisenbach-Stangl Irmgard I 1European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Vienna, - - 2014
The study identifies changes in selected ("unplanned") socio-demographic and economic factors as well as in (planned) political measures that are most strongly correlated with changes in alcohol consumption and alcohol consumption-related harm between 1961 and 2006 in Austria. During the period of investigation consumption increased until the early 1970s, dropped ...
Windle Michael M Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The purpose of this three-wave longitudinal study was twofold. First, prevalence data on alcohol characteristics (e.g., drinks per day, heavy episodic drinking [HED]) were provided for a community sample of middle-aged adults. Aggregate (or group) and individual levels of stability of these characteristics across a 10-year interval were ...
Ross Craig S CS Virtual Media Resources, Inc., Natick, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Recently published research has identified the alcohol brands most frequently consumed by underage youth. The present study examines alcohol magazine advertising in 2011 to report age- and sex-specific exposure to advertisements for these brands in contrast with other magazine advertising brands less popular with youth. Method: We licensed ...
Wiersma Jacquelyn D JD School of Human Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: This study examines the association between young adult drinking partnerships (ages 18-26 years) and later alcohol-related problems and consequences, alcohol use, relationship quality, and relationship dissolution in adult relationships (ages 26-35). Method: Data came from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; Waves III and IV) ...
Källmén Håkan - - 2014
Increasing alcohol consumption and related harms have been reported among the elderly population of Europe. Consequently, it is important to monitor patterns of alcohol use, and to use a valid and reliable tool when screening for risky consumption in this age group. The aim was to evaluate the internal consistency ...
Ross Craig S CS Virtual Media Resources, Natick, - - 2014
Being able to investigate the relationship between underage drinkers' preferences for particular brands and their exposure to advertising for those brands would represent a significant advance in alcohol marketing research. However, no previous national study has examined the relationship between underage youth exposure to brand-specific alcohol advertising and consumption of ...
Miller Peter P School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, - - 2014
There is little research describing how intoxication levels change throughout the night in entertainment districts. This research aims to describe levels of alcohol intoxication across multiple Australian metropolitan and regional nightlife districts. This study was conducted in the night-time entertainment districts of three metropolitan cities (Sydney, Melbourne and Perth) and ...
Holmes James F JF University of California, Davis, Department of Emergency Medicine, Sacramento, - - 2014
Conviction rates for drivers driving under the influence (DUI) and in motor vehicle collisions (MVC) presenting to trauma centers are based primarily on data from the 1990s. Our goal was to identify DUI conviction rates of intoxicated drivers in MVCs presenting to a trauma center and to identify factors associated ...
Hu Yaoyue Y Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
light-to-moderate drinking is apparently associated with a decreased risk of physical limitations in middle-aged and older adults. to investigate the association between alcohol consumption and physical limitations in Eastern European populations. a cross-sectional survey of 28,783 randomly selected residents (45-69 years) in Novosibirsk (Russia), Krakow (Poland) and seven towns of ...
Ostergaard Jeanette J The Danish National Centre for Social Research, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Young people drinking heavily before going out to bars and clubs is associated with alcohol-related harm and therefore of great public concern. This study examines whether pre-drinkers consume more alcohol than non-pre-drinkers on an event-specific night out in England and Denmark-two European countries known for their excessive youth drinking. An ...
Voller Fabio F Regional Health Agency, Region of Tuscany, Florence, - - 2014
Drinking alcoholic beverages is deeply rooted in European cultural and economic history, and European consumption trends have varied over time during the decades following WW II. How and why such consumption patterns have changed, and what are the roles that societies' transformations play in these changes are the AMPHORA project's ...
Endevelt-Shapira Yaara Y Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
We hypothesize that true human olfactory abilities are obscured by cortical inhibition. Alcohol reduces inhibition. We therefore tested the hypothesis that olfactory abilities will improve following alcohol consumption. We measured olfaction in 85 subjects, 45 in a between-subjects design, and 40 in a repeated-measures within-subjects design before and after consumption ...
Ally Abdallah K AK School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, - - 2014
Effective use of alcohol duty to reduce consumption and harm depends partly on retailers passing duty increases on to consumers via price increases, also known as 'pass-through'. The aim of this analysis is to provide evidence of UK excise duty and sales tax (VAT) pass-through rates for alcohol products at ...
Vanderlinden Lauren A LA Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, - - 2014
Two features of alcohol addiction that have been widely studied in animal models are relapse drinking following periods of alcohol abstinence and the escalation of alcohol consumption after chronic continuous or intermittent alcohol exposure. The genetic contribution to these phenotypes has not been systematically investigated. HXB/BXH recombinant inbred (RI) rat ...
Gaume Jacques J Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, - - 2014
Brief motivational intervention (BMI) has shown promising results to reduce alcohol use in young adults. Knowledge on mechanisms that predict BMI efficacy could potentially improve treatment effect sizes through data that optimize clinical training and implementation. Particularly, little attention has been given to counselor influence on treatment mechanisms. We investigated ...
French Davina J DJ Centre for Research on Aging, Health & Wellbeing, Australian National University, Australian Capital - - 2014
Objectives: To compare gender differences in alcohol use and the socioeconomic correlates of at-risk drinking among middle-aged and older adults in Australia, the United States (US) and South Korea. Method: Data were drawn from large nationally representative surveys of people aged 45 years and older, collected in 2006. Results: Rates ...
Lachenmeier Dirk W DW Dirk W Lachenmeier, Jürgen Rehm, Epidemiological Research Unit, Institute for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität Dresden, 01187 Dresden, - - 2014
Unrecorded alcohol includes illegally distributed alcohol as well as homemade or surrogate alcohol which is unintended for consumption by humans (e.g., cosmetics containing alcohol). The highest unrecorded alcohol consumption occurs in Eastern Europe and some of these countries have an over proportional liver cirrhosis mortality. Compounds besides ethanol have been ...
Koskela Jukka - - 2014
Co-morbidities are common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We assessed the contribution of common co-morbidities on health related quality of life (HRQoL) among COPD patients. Using both generic (15D) and respiratory-specific (AQ20) instruments, HRQoL was assessed in a hospital based COPD population (N = 739, 64% males, mean age ...
Singh Vijay V Injury Center and Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
We determine prevalence and correlates of dating violence, dating victimization, and dating aggression among male and female patients aged 14 to 20 years seeking emergency department (ED) care. This was a systematic sampling of subjects aged 14 to 20 years seeking care at a single large academic ED between September ...
Scott Stephanie S Institute of Health & Society, Baddiley-Clark Building, Newcastle University, Richardson Road, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4AX, UK, Stephanie O'Neil, Research Associate, Eileen Kaner, Professor of Public Health - - 2014
To identify shared patterns of views in young people relating to the influence of industry-driven alcohol marketing (price, promotion, product and place of purchase/consumption) on their reported drinking behaviour. Q methodology harnessed qualitative and quantitative data to generate distinct clusters of opinions as follows: 39 opinion statements were derived from ...
Stafström Martin M Division of Social Medicine and Global Health, Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden - - 2014
To analyse the hypothesis that a gradual deregulation of traveller allowances, starting in 2001 and ending in 2004, on alcoholic beverages changed consumer behaviours that ultimately led to an increase in alcohol consumption in southern Sweden between in 2005 compared with 1999. The data for this general population random sample ...
Jain Jennifer J University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
To test the value of phosphatidylethanol (PEth) as a biomarker for alcohol consumption among injecting drug users (IDUs). As part of a longitudinal study of young IDUs, dried blood spots and self-reported alcohol by structured interview were collected at baseline. We compared self-reported alcohol use to detectable PEth (≥8 ng/ml) ...
Katulanda Prasad - - 2014
Most studies on alcohol consumption carried out in Sri Lanka are limited to single/few provinces in the island. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, patterns and correlates of alcohol consumption among a larger sample of adults in Sri Lanka. This cross-sectional study was conducted in seven ...
Bujarski Spencer S Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
While methamphetamine (MA) and alcohol are often used in combination, little is known about the pattern of co-use between these substances. The goal of the present study is to examine the relationship between MA use and alcohol use in a community sample of non-treatment seeking regular MA users. Participants completed ...
Stogner John M JM Department of Criminal Justice & Criminology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 5062 Colvard North, Charlotte, NC 28223, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Though case studies, media reports, and anecdotal evidence point to creative forms of alcohol use such as "eyeballing," inhalation through vaporizers and other "alcohol without liquid" (AWOL) devices, and "slimming" as a growing trend, no empirical study has assessed the veracity of these claims. The present study attempts to debunk, ...
Kiechl Stefan S Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria - - 2014
First mention of alcohol as a component of diet and communal events dates back to the 7(th) millennium B.C. Famous ancient savants like Hippocrates used alcohol as a solvent for herb extracts, an antiseptic, and to counteract lethargy and diarrhoea, while in medieval times alcohol was well within the armamentarium ...
Kypri Kypros K Kypros Kypri is with the School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, and the Injury Prevention Research Unit, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Gabrielle Davie and John Langley are with the Injury Prevention Research Unit, University of Otago. Patrick McElduff is with the School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle. Jennie Connor is with the Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of - - 2014
Objectives. We estimated the effects on assault rates of lowering the minimum alcohol purchasing age in New Zealand from 20 to 18 years. We hypothesized that the law change would increase assaults among young people aged 18 to 19 years (the target group) and those aged 15 to 17 years ...
Kapoor Manav M Washington University School of Medicine, United - - 2014
The age at onset of alcohol dependence (AD) is a critical moderator of genetic associations for alcohol dependence. The present study evaluated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can influence the age at onset of AD in large high-risk families from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA). Genomewide ...
Allamani Allaman A Tuscany Regional Health Agency, Firenze, - - 2014
Having qualitatively investigated, both the temporal curves of alcoholic beverage consumption trends and the introduction of preventive alcohol policy measures in six European countries during the 1960s-2000s, drinking control policy measures often appeared to operate as co-factors of change, while during some periods of time they were not even present ...
Cogordan Chloé C Institut National de Prévention et d'Education pour la Santé (INPES) , - - 2014
Important social changes such as urbanization, increases in female education and employment, and increased incomes have occurred in France from 1960 to 2000 along with a major decrease in alcoholic beverage consumption (from 25 L pure alcohol per inhabitant 15 years and old to 13 L); especially due to wine consumption ...
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