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Karthick Kannan Padmanathan P Department of Materials Science, School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625021, - - 2014
A comparative study on the sensing characteristics of nanostructured zinc ferrite to three primary alcohols viz. methanol, ethanol and propanol has been carried out. The zinc ferrite has been prepared by a combustion method and characterized by XRD, FTIR, AFM and SEM. Impedance studies in the alcohol concentration range varying ...
Eckstein F F Institute of Anatomy, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria; Chondrometrics GmbH, Ainring, - - 2014
Objective: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture involves increased risk of osteoarthritis. We explored cartilage thickness changes over five years after ACL rupture. Methods: 121 young active adults (26% women, age 18-35 years) with acute traumatic ACL rupture were studied (the KANON-trial). Sagittal MRIs were acquired within 4 weeks (BL), and ...
Verster J C JC Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht University, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG, Utrecht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The purpose of this on-premise study was to determine if alcohol mixed with energy drink (AMED) consumption masks the subjective feelings of intoxication when compared to consuming alcohol only. The study was conducted on five nights in the city center of Utrecht. N = 997 people leaving bars were interviewed about their ...
Lindeman Mikaela M Alcohol and Drugs Unit, Department of Alcohol, Drugs and Addiction, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) , Helsinki , - - 2014
This article briefly describes the changes that Finland has undergone during the 1960-2012 period with regards to societal changes, alcohol control policies, alcohol-related harms, and alcohol consumption, after which the findings of the analyses made by Allamani and his colleagues in the AMPHORA project are discussed. It seems that despite ...
Sun Yingying Y a Health Committee Office of Jilin Provincial Party Committee , Changchun , P.R. - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of our study was to better characterize and evaluate drunk driving for governmental reference in order to further reduce alcohol-impaired driving. Method: This article reports the characteristics of 1226 alcohol-positive drivers with blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) at or over the legal limit of 0.20 mg/mL involved in nonfatal ...
González-Iglesias Beatriz B a University of Santiago de Compostela , Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Campus Vida s/n , Santiago de Compostela , 15782 - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The main purposes of this study were to examine the usefulness of the variables of the theory of planned behaviour (viz., attitudes, social norms and self-efficacy) and to explore the relationship between optimism bias and drink driving in young adults. In addition, we explored gender differences in drink ...
Ayuka Francis F Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
The socio-spatial arrangement of alcohol retailers is potentially important in understanding the relationship between neighbourhood context and 'excessive' alcohol consumption. This New Zealand study examines whether the availability of alcohol products is associated with individual-level alcohol consumption. Measures capturing the availability of alcohol retailers were calculated for neighbourhoods across the ...
Raninen Jonas J CAN (Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs), Stockholm, Sweden Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden - - 2014
To analyse trends in alcohol consumption among young people in Sweden between 2004 and 2012, to test whether the theory of collectivity of drinking cultures is valid for a population of young people and to investigate the impact of an increasing proportion of abstainers on the overall per capita trends. ...
Rajapakse Thilini - - 2014
BackgroundIn the recent past Sri Lanka has had a high rate of attempted suicide by pesticide ingestion, among both males and females. Recent evidence suggests that these trends in self-poisoning may be changing, with increasing medicinal overdoses and changing gender ratios. In the past, attempted suicide in Sri Lanka has ...
Heidinger Bram B Graduate School of Professional Psychology, The University of Denver, 2460 S. Vine St., Denver, CO, 80208, USA, - - 2014
Men who have sex with men (MSM) remain most at risk for developing HIV infection. The best prevention in this population is to identify risk factors associated with unprotected sex. Recent research suggests that sexual sensation seeking (SSS) and level of average drinking moderates the relationship between drinking alcohol in ...
Robinson Mark M NHS Health Scotland, Meridian Court, 5 Cadogan Street, Glasgow, G2 - - 2014
A ban on multi-buy discounts of off-trade alcohol was introduced as part of the Alcohol Act in Scotland in October 2011. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of this legislation on alcohol sales, which provide the best indicator of population consumption. Interrupted time-series regression was used ...
Voller Fabio F 1Regional Health Agency, Region of Tuscany , Florence , - - 2014
This study confirms that during the decades following WW II there was a tendency towards closure of consumption of alcoholic beverages among the European countries. The Northern countries, which during the 1960s manifested the lowest rates of alcohol consumption, ended up with greater consumption rates than the Southern countries, manifested ...
Jones Sandra C SC Professor and Director, Centre for Health and Social Research (CHaSR), Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, - - 2014
To investigate the impact of point-of-sale promotions on product choice, brand choice and purchase quantity of young adults purchasing alcohol for off-premise consumption in Australia. A cross-sectional interviewer-completed survey conducted at 24 bottle shops (liquor stores), 12 each in the capital cities of Sydney, New South Wales and Perth, Western ...
Cooke Richard R a School of Life & Health Sciences , Aston University , B4 7ET , Birmingham , - - 2014
This study aimed to quantify correlations between Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) variables and (i) intentions to consume alcohol and (ii) alcohol consumption. Systematic literature searches identified 40 eligible studies that were meta-analysed. Three moderator analyses were conducted: pattern of consumption, gender of participants, and age of participants. Across studies, ...
Kadilar Gamze Ozel GO a Department of Statistics , Hacettepe University , Ankara , - - 2014
The aim of the study is to examine the factors that appear to have a higher potential for serious injury or death of drivers in traffic accidents in Turkey, such as collision type, roadway surface, vehicle speed, alcohol/drug use, and restraint use. Driver crash severity is the dependent variable of ...
Yokoyama Akira A National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center, Kanagawa 239-0841, Japan - - 2014
Alcoholic ketosis and ketoacidosis are metabolic abnormalities often diagnosed in alcoholics in emergency departments. We attempted to identify determinants or factors associated with alcoholic ketosis. The subjects of this cross-sectional survey were 1588 Japanese alcoholic men (≥40 years) who came to an addiction center within 14 days of their last ...
Tyrfingsson Thorarinn T 1 SAA -National Center of Addiction Medicine, Reykjavik, - - 2014
The objectives were to study alcohol consumption per capita and liver cirrhosis mortality in the population of Iceland. The Statistic Iceland website supplied alcohol sales figures and death rates. The alcohol consumption increased 30% during the study period 1982-2009, because of increase in beer and wine, and decrease in spirits ...
Gonzaga H F S HF Discipline of Dermatology, Medical School, University of Marília (UNIMAR), Marília, SP, Brazil; Beneficent Association of the University Hospital of Unimar (ABHU), Marília, São Paulo, - - 2014
The association between benign migratory glossitis (BMG) and psoriasis (PS) has been reported in the literature. This study aimed to determinate the environmental factors related to BMG and PS and to investigate their interactions. The study population included 129 patients with PS, 399 patients with BMG and a control group ...
Greenfield Thomas K TK Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, Emeryville, - - 2014
Few studies assess reliability and validity of lifetime alcohol measures. We undertook extended test-retest analyses of retrospective lifetime drinking measures and of incremental predictive ability of lifetime heavy drinking (days 5+ drinks) in teens, 20s, and 30s for current (12-month) alcohol use disorders (AUDs). A subset (31.4%; 962 men, 1,220 ...
Roberts Sarah P SP Boston University School of Public Health, Department of Community Health Sciences , Boston, MA - - 2014
Abstract Background: Adolescent alcohol consumption remains common and is associated with many negative health outcomes. Unfortunately, common alcohol surveillance methods often underestimate consumption. Improved alcohol use measures are needed to characterize the landscape of youth drinking. Objectives: We aimed to compare a standard quantity-frequency measure of youth alcohol consumption to ...
Choi Namkee G NG School of Social Work, University of Texas at Austin. - - 2014
Despite the increasing number of older adults who have a history of substance use, little research has been done on alcohol- and drug-related driving safety among older drivers. This study (a) examined risk factors for older adults' driving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs (DUI) and (b) discerned differences ...
Brierley-Jones Lyn L Department of Pharmacy, Health and Wellbeing, University of Sunderland, - - 2014
There is evidence that alcohol consumption among those in middle-class occupations consistently exceeds safe levels, yet there has been little research into why this occurs. This article explores the meanings associated with alcohol use among professional, managerial and clerical workers. Qualitative data were collected from five focus groups of male ...
Callaghan Russell C RC Northern Medical Program, University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), Prince George, British Columbia, Canada; Human Brain Laboratory, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
There is growing concern about the possible adverse health impacts of binge drinking during birthday celebrations among adolescents and young adults. We estimate the impacts of birthday alcohol use on adolescent and young adult in-patient/emergency department (ED) hospital admissions. We employed Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) intervention analysis to assess ...
Bujarski Spencer S University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Psychology, United - - 2014
Co-use of alcohol and cigarettes is highly prevalent, and heavy drinking smokers represent a large and difficult-to-treat subgroup of smokers. Negative affect, including anxiety and depressive symptomatology, has been associated with both cigarette and alcohol use independently, but less is known about the role of negative affect in heavy drinking ...
Hendershot Christian S CS Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, - - 2014
Human laboratory and animal models implicate variation in the μ-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) as relevant for alcohol-related reward. OPRM1 is associated with alcohol self-administration in non-human primate studies, but the relevance of this finding to human models is unclear. This study used computer-assisted self-infusion of ethanol (CASE) to examine associations ...
Hickox Kaci L - - 2014
Motor vehicle collisions and crashes are a leading cause of death among Nevada residents aged 5-34 years, representing 14% of all injury deaths in that age group in 2010. During 2008-2011, a total of 173 pedestrian deaths from motor vehicle collisions occurred in Nevada, accounting for 16% of motor vehicle ...
Todd Jessica E JE Jessica E. Todd and Michele Ver Ploeg are with the Food Economics Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, - - 2014
Objectives. We compared sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB), alcohol, and other caloric beverage (juice and milk) consumption of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants with that of low-income nonparticipants. Methods. We used 1 day of dietary intake data from the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 4594 adults aged 20 ...
McKetin Rebecca R Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Well-Being, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
Recently, Marczinski and colleagues (2013) showed that energy drinks combined with alcohol augment a person's desire to drink more alcohol relative to drinking alcohol alone. The current study replicates the findings of Marczinski and colleagues (2013) using a robust measure of alcohol craving. Seventy-five participants aged 18 to 30 years were ...
Benson Sarah S Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Melbourne, VIC 3122, - - 2014
BENSON S., J.C. Verster, C. Alford and A. Scholey. Effects of mixing alcohol with caffeinated beverages on subjective intoxication: a critical review and meta-analysis. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV XX(X) XXX-XXX, 2014. - It has been suggested that mixing alcohol with energy drinks or other caffeinated beverages may alter the awareness of ...
Musinguzi Geofrey G Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda; International Health Unit, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium, Antwerp, - - 2014
In a community survey, 4432 persons aged 15 years and older in two districts in Uganda were studied. Blood pressure was measured and predictors for subtypes of uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) were assessed using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression modeling. Prevalence of uncontrolled HTN was 20.2% and the subgroups of isolated systolic ...
Reslan Summar - - 2014
Purpose/Objective: Postinjury alcohol use is a common problem within the traumatic brain injury (TBI) population. Given the association between heavy drinking and the development of alcohol-related consequences, we attempted to understand the contribution of postinjury coping strategies and other risk factors to alcohol-related problems following moderate to severe TBI. Research ...
Kaplan M S MS Department of Social Welfare, UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Although there is a large and growing body of evidence concerning the impact of contracting economies on suicide mortality risk, far less is known about the role alcohol consumption plays in the complex relationship between economic conditions and suicide. The aims were to compare the postmortem alcohol intoxication rates among ...
Liang Wenbin W National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two ecological cross-sectional studies which relied on national survey data (U.S. and Australia) have shown that starting drinking at a younger age increases the frequency of heavy drinking in the general population, including those with good mental and physical health status. This study further investigates the hypothesis that age at ...
Mutalip Mohd Hatta B Abdul MH Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, JalanBangsar, 50590 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - - 2014
To identify the characteristics of current drinker and risky alcohol-drinking pattern by profiles in Malaysia. We analyzed data from the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011. It was a cross-sectional population-based with two stages stratified random sampling design. A validated Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test Malay questionnaire was used to ...
Kuendig H H Addiction Switzerland, Research Institute, CH-1003 Lausanne, Switzerland - - 2014
While laws restrict alcohol access to youth under the age of 16/18 (fermented/distilled beverages) in Switzerland, direct underage accessibility is high. Focusing on underage youth, our study presents an inventory of primary and alternative modes of access to alcohol and investigates associations with youth characteristics. Data were collected using semi-structured ...
Ahacic Kozma - - 2014
Telephone helplines are easily available and can offer anonymity. Alcohol helplines may be a potential gateway to a more advanced support protocol, and they may function as a primary support option for some. However, although telephone helplines (quitlines) make up an established evidence-based support arena for smoking cessation, few studies ...
Allamani Allaman A 1Agenzia Regionale di Sanità Toscana, Firenze, - - 2014
This AMPHORA study's aim was to investigate selected factors potentially affecting changes in consumption of alcoholic beverages in 12 European countries during the 1960s-2008 (an average increase in beer, decreases in wine and spirits, total alcohol drinking decrease). Both time series and artificial neural networks-based analyses were used. Results indicated ...
Rochelle Tina L TL a Department of Applied Social Sciences , City University of Hong Kong , Kowloon , Hong - - 2014
We studied the gender gap in life expectancy (GGLE), which currently favours women on average by 5 years. Individual data from 54 societies were extracted from the 1999-2004 wave of the World Values Survey. The GGLE was not predicted by the socio-economic factors of gross domestic product (GDP) or Gini coefficient, ...
Erdozain Amaia M AM Department of Pharmacology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Bizkaia, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid, - - 2014
There is strong biochemical, pharmacological and genetic evidence for the involvement of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in alcohol dependence. However, the majority of studies have been performed in animal models. The aim of the present study was to assess the state of the CB1 receptor, the enzymes fatty acid amide ...
Houwing Sjoerd S SWOV, Institute for Road Safety Research, Bezuidenhoutseweg 62, 2594 AW The Hague, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the variation in the prevalence of alcohol in everyday traffic in the Netherlands during all days of the week and all times of day. Breath tests were taken from randomly selected car drivers and drivers of small vans in ...
Cheah Sern-Yih SY Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, 60 Musk Ave., Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, - - 2014
The functional BDNF single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs6265 has been associated with many disorders including schizophrenia and alcohol dependence. However, studies have been inconsistent, reporting both positive and negative associations. Comorbid alcohol dependence has a high prevalence in schizophrenia so we investigated the role of rs6265 in alcohol dependence in ...
Carson Henry J HJ From Mercy Hospital, Iowa City, IA. - - 2014
At autopsy, tattoos are recorded as part of the external examination. An investigation was undertaken to determine whether negative messages that are tattooed on a decedent may indicate a predisposition to certain fatal outcomes. Tattooed and nontattooed persons were classified by demography and forensics. Tattoos with negative or ominous messages ...
Knight Pk P Discipline of Biomedical Science, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. - - 2014
To compare handedness of whip use by Australian jockeys in Melbourne (where racing is counterclockwise) and Sydney (where racing is clockwise). Photographs of finishes of Thoroughbred horse races in Melbourne and Sydney were examined. Where whip use was clearly visible, the venue, the hand in which the whip was held ...
Eisenbach-Stangl Irmgard I 1European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Vienna, - - 2014
The study identifies changes in selected ("unplanned") socio-demographic and economic factors as well as in (planned) political measures that are most strongly correlated with changes in alcohol consumption and alcohol consumption-related harm between 1961 and 2006 in Austria. During the period of investigation consumption increased until the early 1970s, dropped ...
Windle Michael M Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The purpose of this three-wave longitudinal study was twofold. First, prevalence data on alcohol characteristics (e.g., drinks per day, heavy episodic drinking [HED]) were provided for a community sample of middle-aged adults. Aggregate (or group) and individual levels of stability of these characteristics across a 10-year interval were ...
Ross Craig S CS Virtual Media Resources, Inc., Natick, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Recently published research has identified the alcohol brands most frequently consumed by underage youth. The present study examines alcohol magazine advertising in 2011 to report age- and sex-specific exposure to advertisements for these brands in contrast with other magazine advertising brands less popular with youth. Method: We licensed ...
Wiersma Jacquelyn D JD School of Human Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: This study examines the association between young adult drinking partnerships (ages 18-26 years) and later alcohol-related problems and consequences, alcohol use, relationship quality, and relationship dissolution in adult relationships (ages 26-35). Method: Data came from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; Waves III and IV) ...
Källmén Håkan - - 2014
Increasing alcohol consumption and related harms have been reported among the elderly population of Europe. Consequently, it is important to monitor patterns of alcohol use, and to use a valid and reliable tool when screening for risky consumption in this age group. The aim was to evaluate the internal consistency ...
Ross Craig S CS Virtual Media Resources, Natick, - - 2014
Being able to investigate the relationship between underage drinkers' preferences for particular brands and their exposure to advertising for those brands would represent a significant advance in alcohol marketing research. However, no previous national study has examined the relationship between underage youth exposure to brand-specific alcohol advertising and consumption of ...
Miller Peter P School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, - - 2014
There is little research describing how intoxication levels change throughout the night in entertainment districts. This research aims to describe levels of alcohol intoxication across multiple Australian metropolitan and regional nightlife districts. This study was conducted in the night-time entertainment districts of three metropolitan cities (Sydney, Melbourne and Perth) and ...
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