Search Results
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Cook Won Kim WK Alcohol Research Group Public Health Institute, 6475 Christie Avenue, Suite 400, Emeryville, CA 94608-1010. - - 2014
To examine the associations between alcohol control policies in four regulatory domains with alcohol consumption in low- and middle-income countries (LAMICs), controlling for country-level living standards and drinking patterns. Cross-sectional analyses of individual-level alcohol consumption survey data and country-level alcohol policies using multi-level modeling SETTING: Data from 15 LAMICs collected ...
Primack Brian A BA Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
The average U.S. adolescent is exposed to about 2.5 hours of popular music and 8 mentions of alcohol brands every day. Alcohol brand mentions may function as advertising whether or not they are sanctioned by the alcohol industry. Our study aimed to determine associations between adolescents' involvement with music containing alcohol ...
Carter R Colin RC Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
Animal models have demonstrated fetal alcohol-related disruptions in neuroendocrine function in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and downstream effects on pubertal development and sexual behavior in males and females, but little is known about these effects in humans. This study examined whether prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with alterations in testosterone during ...
Moure-Rodríguez Lucía L Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain, (CIBERESP); Department of Preventive Medicine, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Ourense, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of heavy drinking on alcohol-related injuries. We carried out an open cohort study among university students in Spain (n=1,382). Heavy drinking and alcohol-related injuries were measured by administrating AUDIT questionnaires to every participant at the ages of 18, 20, ...
Lau-Barraco Cathy C Department of Psychology, Old Dominion University , Norfolk, Virginia , - - 2014
Background: Caffeinated alcoholic beverage (CAB) use is related to alcohol-related risk. Limited research has examined outcome expectancies and CAB consumption. Objectives: This study tested the predictive utility of caffeine and alcohol expectancies in CAB use outcomes (i.e. quantity, frequency, and alcohol-related harms). Methods: Participants were 419 (302 women) alcohol and ...
Nkosi Sebenzile S Alcohol & Drug Abuse Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Private Bag X385, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa, - - 2014
We examined the relative importance of alcohol consumption and sexual relationship power (SRP) in predicting unprotected sex among 406 bar patrons in North West province, South Africa. We assessed participants' demographic characteristics, alcohol consumption, SRP, and number of unprotected sexual episodes in the past 6 months. In correlational analyses, alcohol consumption ...
Kakiyama Genta - - 2014
Alcohol abuse with/without cirrhosis is associated with an impaired gut barrier and inflammation. Gut microbiota can transform primary bile acids(BA) to secondary BAs which can adversely impact the gut barrier. Aim: Define the effect of active alcohol intake on fecal BA levels, ileal & colonic inflammation in cirrhosis. Methods: Five ...
Li Peng P Institute of Mental Health/Peking University Sixth Hospital, Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Ministry of Health, China; National Institute on Drug Dependence, Peking University, - - 2014
Time-dependent increases in cue-induced nicotine and methamphetamine craving during abstinence were recently reported in human drug-dependent individuals. In the present study, we sought to determine whether this 'incubation of craving' phenomenon also occurs in alcoholics. Four groups of 80 inpatient adult male alcoholics were assessed in a single session (between-group ...
Caetano Raul R University of Texas School of Public Health (RC, BAM, PACV, JR), Dallas, - - 2014
This article examines age at first drink and adult drinking, binge drinking and DSM-5 alcohol use disorder (AUD) among U.S. Hispanic national groups. Respondents come from 2 independent studies. The Hispanic Americans Baseline Alcohol Survey used a multistage cluster sample design to interview 5,224 individuals 18 years of age and older ...
Scott-Parker Bridie B University of the Sunshine Coast Accident Research (USCAR), Faculty of Arts and Business, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia; Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety - Queensland (CARRS-Q), Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia; Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation (IHBI), QUT, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Background: Volitional risky driving behaviours such as drink- and drug-driving (i.e. substance-impaired driving) and speeding contribute to the overrepresentation of young novice drivers in road crash fatalities, and crash risk is greatest during the first year of independent driving in particular. Aims: To explore the: (1) self-reported compliance of drivers ...
Elliott Marta M Department of Sociology/300, University of Nevada, Reno, 1664 N. Virginia Street, Reno, NV, 89557-0300, USA, - - 2014
This study applies stress process theory to study and explain the negative association between socioeconomic status (SES) and alcohol misuse. SES is theorized to reduce alcohol misuse by reducing exposure to stressors and increasing access to resources. The National Co-Morbidity panel sample (N = 4,979) interviewed in 1990-1992 and 2000-2002 are analyzed ...
Wang Ke-Sheng KS Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, East Tennessee State University, PO Box 70259, Lamb Hall, Johnson City, TN, 37614-1700, USA, - - 2014
The findings of association between alcohol consumption and arthritis are mixed while little is known about age differences in the associations of mental health and behavioral factors with arthritis. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of arthritis among US adults using data from the 2012 National ...
Schmitz Aurinez R AR Center for Drug and Alcohol Research (CPAD), Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Objective: To analyze variables associated with recurrence of blood alcohol content (BAC)-related traffic violations among drivers in southern Brazil. Method: This cross-sectional study included 12,204 driving-under-the-influence (DUI) offenders according to data provided by the Rio Grande do Sul state Transportation Department. Sociodemographic characteristics, license duration, license category, and psychological assessment ...
De Boni Raquel Brandini RB Evandro Chagas Institute of Clinical Research - Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Around 20-30% of alcohol use in low and middle-income countries is estimated to come from unrecorded sources, but little is known about the characteristics of its consumers. The aim of this study was to obtain information about users of unrecorded alcohol and describe factors associated with its frequent use. A ...
Ritchie Stuart J SJ Department of Psychology, The University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9JZ, UK, - - 2014
Studies of the effect of alcohol consumption on cognitive ability are often confounded. One approach to avoid confounding is the Mendelian randomization design. Here, we used such a design to test the hypothesis that a genetic score for alcohol processing capacity moderates the association between alcohol consumption and lifetime change ...
Vatsalya Vatsalya V Section on Human Psychopharmacology , Laboratory of Clinical and Translational Studies, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to characterize cardiac reactivity measures, heart rate (HR), and heart rate variability (HRV), following acute intravenous (IV) alcohol administration and their association with subjective responses in social drinkers. Twenty-four subjects (11 females) received IV alcohol infusions to attain and clamp the breath alcohol concentration ...
Schacht Joseph P JP Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, 29425, USA, - - 2014
The α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor partial agonist varenicline has been reported to reduce drinking among both heavy-drinking smokers and primary alcoholics, and this effect may be related to varenicline-mediated reduction of alcohol craving. Among smokers, varenicline has been reported to modulate cigarette cue-elicited brain activation in several reward-related areas. This ...
Le Berre Anne-Pascale AP Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Alcohol use disorders present a significant public health problem in France and the United States (U.S.), but whether the untoward effect of alcohol on the brain results in similar damage in both countries remains unknown. Accordingly, we conducted a retrospective collaborative investigation between two French sites (Caen and Orsay) and ...
Gonzales Katherine - - 2014
Excessive alcohol consumption, the fourth leading preventable cause of death in the United States, resulted in approximately 88,000 deaths and 2.5 million years of potential life lost (YPLL) annually during 2006-2010 and cost an estimated $223.5 billion in 2006. To estimate state-specific average annual rates of alcohol-attributable deaths (AAD) and ...
Dietze Paul M PM MacFarlane Burnet Institute for Medical and Public Health Research, Melbourne, Australia; School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
In spite of the major focus on risky, single-occasion drinking by young people in Australia, little is known about the specific circumstances of risky drinking occasions. This study examines drinking behaviours and drinking contexts for the most recent risky, single-occasion drinking episode in a representative sample of young risky drinkers ...
Nishioji Kenichi K Health Care Division, Kyoto Second Red Cross Hospital, 355-5 Haruobi-cho, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, 602-8026, Japan, - - 2014
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in non-obese subjects is not rare in Japan, but it has not been clearly described. To clarify its prevalence and risk factors, we investigated the clinical characteristics of NAFLD in non-obese subjects in comparison with NAFLD in obese subjects in the Japanese general population. A ...
Tahaney Kelli D KD Boston University, Department of Psychology, 648 Beacon Street, 4th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dual process models characterize hazardous drinking as a function of appetitive processes and executive processes that enable self-control. Although central to a number of models (e.g., Hofmann et al., 2009a,b), little empirical research has examined how drinking restraint may influence the effects of these processes on alcohol use. The current ...
Osman Ossama T OT a Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences , United Arab Emirates - - 2014
Abstract Objective: We aimed to prospectively study the demography, severity of injury and outcome of alcohol-related road traffic (RTC) injuries in the United Arab Emirates. Methods: Data of RTC Registry of Al-Ain City were prospectively collected from Al-Ain and Tawam hospitals during the period of April 2006 to October 2007. ...
Spanagel Rainer R Institute of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute of Mental Health (CIMH), University of Heidelberg, Medical Faculty Mannheim, - - 2014
Alcohol is frequently consumed for stress relief, but the individual determinants and the temporal course of stress-induced alcohol use are not well understood. Preclinical studies may help shed light on these factors. We synthesize here the findings from numerous rodent studies of stress and alcohol interactions. Stress-induced alcohol consumption is ...
Yang Hongyu H Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Stress response biologic systems are altered in alcohol-dependent individuals. Early life stress (ELS) is associated with a heightened risk of alcohol dependence, presumably because of stress-induced neuroplastic changes. This study was designed to assess the contribution of ELS to a stress-induced neural response in alcohol-dependent participants. Fifteen alcohol-dependent men abstinent ...
Parés-Casanova Pere M PM Department of Animal Production, University of Lleida, Catalunya, Spain, - - 2014
Forty-nine sheep belonged to the Andean Altiplano region ("Altiplano") and 30 in the lowland regions of Bolivia ("Valle"), aged 1 to 4 years, were wool sampled to determine the extent of difference between these local breeds. Fibre length and the percentage of each type of fibre (long-thick, short-thin and kemp), yield ...
Erickson Darin J DJ Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
New tobacco and nicotine products such as snus, hookah, and electronic cigarettes have risen in popularity in recent years. Use of these products among young adults is of particular interest given that experimentation with new products is common in young adulthood. We conducted latent class analysis among a population-based sample ...
Paukštė Ernesta E Population and Social Health Research Program, Griffith Health Institute, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia; School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Qld, - - 2014
In response to the dramatic increase in alcohol-related problems in Lithuania, policy measures, including alcohol advertising and availability restrictions combined with taxation increase, were implemented in 2007-08. Simultaneously, a full alcohol advertising ban was adopted to take effect from 1 January 2012. Therefore, the alcohol industry responded with extensive lobbying ...
Holahan Charles J CJ Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, - - 2014
Analyses of moderate drinking have focused overwhelmingly on average consumption, which masks diverse underlying drinking patterns. This study examined the association between episodic heavy drinking and total mortality among moderate-drinking older adults. At baseline, the sample was comprised of 446 adults aged 55 to 65; 74 moderate drinkers who engaged ...
Cotti Chad C Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06268, USA; Department of Economics, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06268, - - 2014
Motor vehicle crashes involving alcohol impairment are among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the U.S. In this study, we examine how the probability of driving after a binge-drinking episode varies with the location of consumption and type of alcohol consumed. We also investigate the relationship between the ...
Sebego Miriam M University of Botswana, School of Nursing, Corner of Notwane and Mobuto Road, Private Bag UB 00712, Gaborone, Botswana. Electronic address: - - 2014
In Botswana, increased development and motorization have brought increased road traffic-related death rates. Between 1981 and 2001, the road traffic-related death rate in Botswana more than tripled. The country has taken several steps over the last several years to address the growing burden of road traffic crashes and particularly to ...
O'Malley Patrick M PM Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: This article reviews changes in drinking patterns in the general U.S. population since the first appearance of the Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol in June 1940. Method: Contents of the three iterations of the journal (Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Journal of Studies on Alcohol, and ...
Dejong William W Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, EverFi, Inc., Washington, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: In 2006, the nonprofit organization Choose Responsibility called for repealing the 1984 National Minimum Drinking Age Act, which had led all 50 states to establish a minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) of 21 years, and allowing the states to lower their MLDA to 18 years. Two years later, ...
Skipper Leonard D LD Center for Military Psychiatry and Neuroscience and Neuroscience Research, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD - - 2014
This study examined the association between specific combat experiences and postdeployment hazardous drinking patterns on selected military populations that are considered high risk, such as personnel belonging to U.S. Army Special Operations Forces. Data collection were conducted in a 5-year span in which 1,323 Special Operations Forces Soldiers were surveyed ...
van Beek Jenny H D A JH Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The current study aimed to describe what proportion of variation in adult alcohol intake is attributable to genetic differences among individuals and what proportion to differences in environmental experiences individuals have been exposed to. Effects of age, gender, spousal resemblance, and cultural transmission of alcohol intake from parents ...
Waldron Mary M Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology, Indiana University School of Education, Bloomington, Indiana, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: We examined associations between reproductive onset and history of alcohol dependence (AD) in 475 African ancestry (AA) and 2,865 European or other ancestry (EA) female twins. Method: Participants were drawn from a U.S. midwestern birth cohort study of like-sex female twin pairs born between 1975 and 1985, ages ...
Weischer Maren M Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Cross-sectional studies have associated short telomere length with smoking, body weight, physical activity, and possibly alcohol intake; however, whether these associations are due to confounding is unknown. We tested these hypotheses in 4,576 individuals from the general population cross-sectionally, and with repeat measurement of relative telomere length 10 years apart. ...
Monk Lily L Lancashire SAFE Centre, Royal Preston Hospital, Sharoe Green Lane, Fulwood, Preston, Lancashire PR2 9HT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish whether there is a correlation between alcohol consumption and reported sexual assaults among young people in the UK. A retrospective analysis of all cases between 01/05/2011 and 30/04/2012 involving complainants between the ages of 12 and 25 was carried out at the ...
Das Abhay K AK Dewsbury and District Hospital, Dewsbury, - - 2014
A survey of 586 trainee doctors in Yorkshire was undertaken to ascertain current junior doctors' knowledge and understanding of alcohol units. Approximately 18% of trainees had no knowledge of alcohol units despite the fact that 82% believed they had a good knowledge. Once again, those who did not drink alcohol ...
Klein Ronald R Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe the relationships of lifestyle characteristics to changes in vision and incidence of visual impairment (VI) over a 20-year period in the Beaver Dam Eye Study (BDES). Longitudinal, population-based cohort study. A cohort of 4926 persons aged 43 to 86 years participated in the baseline examinations in 1988-1990, and ...
Song Binbin - - 2014
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is a widely used alcohol biomarker. Because of the high prevalence of chronic alcohol abuse in many countries, CDT plays an important role in the areas of traffic, clinical, and forensic medicine. However, CDT levels have not been determined in the Han Chinese population. Therefore, we investigated ...
Ansker Fredrik G FG 1 Uppsala Universitet, 751 05 Uppsala, - - 2014
Background: Fundamental to supporting hazardous alcohol users are the rationales for reducing alcohol intake highlighted by the users themselves. This study analyses the relative importance of beliefs about pros and cons of drinking in relation to having an intention to reduce intake among both hazardous and moderate alcohol users. Methods: ...
Cranford James A JA Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry University of Michigan, Rachel Upjohn Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2700, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to identify trajectories of drinking behavior change over time in a sample of adults with current alcohol use disorder (AUD). We conducted secondary analyses of seven waves of data from a prospective longitudinal study of 364 adults (mean age=44.0years, SD=12.8years) who met criteria for DSM-IV alcohol dependence ...
Nakamura Ryota R Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, UK; Health Economics Group, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, - - 2014
In-store product placement is perceived to be a factor underpinning impulsive food purchasing but empirical evidence is limited. In this study we present the first in-depth estimate of the effect of end-of-aisle display on sales, focussing on alcohol. Data on store layout and product-level sales during 2010-11 were obtained for ...
Ostergaard Jeanette J 1The Danish National Centre for Social Research, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Aims: To reveal young Danes' main motive for pre-drinking and whether their motives and socio economic status can explain how much they pre-drink on an event-specific night out. Methods: A binary logistic and negative binomial regression models were used on a survey of 670 Danes (aged 18-35 years) conducted on-site ...
Rossow Ingeborg I Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug - - 2014
Within-country temporal changes in alcohol consumption in the USA, Finland, and Norway were examined to assess 1) whether a change in mean alcohol consumption is accompanied by a change in the prevalence of heavy drinkers, 2) whether this mean change reflects a collective displacement in the whole distribution of consumption, ...
Morikawa Yuko Y Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Kanazawa Medical - - 2014
Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate age-related differences in the relationship between work-related factors and heavy drinking. Methods: This study in 3398 male workers at a factory in Japan examined data on heavy drinking, defined as an alcohol consumption >40 g/day, and work-related factors including occupation, shift ...
Martin Sean A SA Freemasons Foundation Centre for Men's Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
The progress and determinants of sexual dysfunction in middle-aged and elderly men remain unclear. To describe the incidence or remission and biopsychosocial predictors of erectile dysfunction (ED) and low sexual desire (SD). Erectile function (International Index of Erectile Function) and sexual desire (Sexual Desire Inventory 2) were assessed at follow-up. ...
Kim M K MK Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arterial stiffness and increased intima-media wall thickness are two of the main predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We evaluated whether brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and common carotid artery intima-media wall thickness (CCA-IMT) are correlated with alcohol consumption in a cross-sectional study among Korean men and women aged 40 years ...
Jacob Helder B HB a Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Orthodontic Department, Baylor College of Dentistry, Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, Dallas, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine class and sex differences in mandibular growth and modeling. Materials and Methods: A mixed-longitudinal sample of 130 untreated French-Canadian adolescents, 77 (45 boys and 32 girls) with Class I (normal or abnormal) occlusion and 53 (26 boys and 27 girls) with Class II division 1 malocclusion, ...
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