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Results 351 - 400 of 904
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Shelton Jadd R - - 2011
2',3'-Bis-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-5'-deoxy-5'-[N-(methylcarbamoyl)amino]-N(6)-(N-phenylcarbamoyl)adenosine, a new member of the N(6),5'-bis-ureidoadenosine class of anticancer nucleosides, is found to exhibit broad spectrum antiproliferative activity. A majority of the cell lines in the NCI-60 are inhibited with an average GI(50)=3.13μM. Selective toxicity against human colon cancer cell lines (COLO 205, HCC-2998, HCT-116, HT29, KM12) was also ...
Han Sung-Pil - - 2011
Glioblastoma is the most common type of astrocytoma in the brain. Due to its high invasiveness and chemoresistance, patients with advanced stage of glioblastoma have a poor prognosis. SNAI1, an important regulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, has been associated with metastasis in various carcinoma cells. However, its roles in glioblastoma cells ...
Penthala Narsimha Reddy - - 2011
A series of novel substituted (Z)-5-((1-benzyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene)imidazolidin-2,4-diones (3a-f) and (Z)-5-((1-benzyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene)-2-iminothiazolidin-4-ones (3g-o) have been synthesized utilizing microwave irradiation. These analogs were evaluated for in vitro cytotoxicity against a panel of 60 human tumor cell lines. Compound 3i exhibits potent growth inhibition against melanoma UACC-257 (GI(50)=13.3nM) and OVCAR-8 ovarian (GI(50)=19.5nM) cancer cells while ...
Zhao Yu - - 2011
A novel series of aroylthiourea derivatives of 4-β-amino-4'-O-demethyl-4-desoxy- podophyllotoxin were synthesized. Their cytotoxicities against three cancer cell lines were investigated by MTT assay. The kDNA decatenation assay indicated that compounds 5a, 5f, 5h and 5l inhibited topoisomerase II-mediated kDNA decatenation. DNA flow cytometric analysis revealed that compound 5a induced cell ...
Mierke Claudia Tanja - - 2011
Cell migration through connective tissue, or cell invasion, is a fundamental biomechanical process during metastasis formation. Cell invasion usually requires cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix through integrins. In some tumors, increased integrin expression is associated with increased malignancy and metastasis formation. Here, we have studied the invasion of cancer ...
Wang Qiang - - 2011
Inhibition of cellular DNA synthesis is a strategy to block cancer cell division. Nucleoside analogues can incorporate into DNA and terminate DNA strand elongation. So far, several nucleoside analogues have been successfully used as anticancer drugs. FNC, 2'-deoxy-2'-β-fluoro-4'-azidocytidine is a novel cytidine analogue which demonstrated potent activity against hepatitis C ...
Sutherland Jeffrey J - - 2011
High content screening (HCS) is increasingly used to elucidate changes in cellular biology arising from treatment with small molecules and biological probes. We describe a cell classifier for automated analysis of multi-parametric data from immunofluorescence microscopy, and characterize the phenotypes of 41 cell cycle modulators, including several protein kinase inhibitors ...
Yamashiro Yoko - - 2011
Purpose: To describe the pattern of expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs) p16, p21 and p27, and the cell cycle in SRA 01/04 cells relative to contact inhibition. Methods: SRA 01/04 cells were grown to overconfluence under normal conditions. At various phases of the cell growth, cells were assayed ...
Li Tong - - 2011
The chemokine CXCL12 and its receptors, CXCR4 and CXCR7, are involved in tumour progression, metastasis, and survival. We investigated the expression of CXCR4, CXCL12, and CXCR7 in malignant pleural mesothelioma to determine if they are possible biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets. Forty-one mesothelioma tumour tissues, ten normal human pleural tissues, ...
Ueno K - - 2011
The Wnt/ β-catenin signaling pathway is inactivated by Wnt antagonists in most cancers and IGFBP-4 is an antagonist of the Wnt/ β-catenin signaling pathway. However, the function of IGFBP-4 is not currently understood in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We initially found that the expression of IGFBP-4 was significantly lower in ...
Mimura Kousaku - - 2011
Lapatinib is a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the EGFR and HER2 tyrosine kinase domains. EGFR is expressed on 33.3 % and HER2 on 30.3% of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC). To explore the potential utility of Lapatinib for therapy of ESCC patients, we evaluated the effect of Lapatinib on ...
Chen Kuen-Feng - - 2011
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common potentially lethal human malignancies worldwide. Sorafenib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was recently approved by the FDA for HCC. In this study, we established two sorafenib-resistant HCC cell lines from Huh7, a human HCC cell line, by chronic exposure of cells to ...
Teoh Deanna - - 2011
To explore the activity of dasatinib alone and in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin in ovarian cancer cells and to determine if dasatinib activity can be predicted based on evaluation of the SRC pathway. Microarray analysis was performed for IGROV1, OVCAR3, A2780 and SKOV3 ovarian cancer cells and the status ...
Lapierre Lynne A LA Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2011
Little research has addressed the role of membrane trafficking and recycling in the regulation of the transformed phenotype of neoplastic cells. The small GTPase Rab25 is an epithelial-specific modulator of membrane recycling. Recent studies have demonstrated that Rab25 expression is up-regulated in a number of epithelial cancers and overexpression may ...
Cimini E - - 2011
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most frequent and aggressive primary brain tumor in humans, responds modestly to treatment: most patients survive less than one year after diagnosis, despite both classical and innovative treatment approaches. A recent paper focused on γδ T-cell response in GBM patients, suggesting the application of an immunomodulating ...
Farah Ibrahim O - - 2011
Lung cancer is among the highly prevalent and deadly cancers in the United States and worldwide. Cells that are cancerous exhibit higher rates of glycolysis as compared to normal cells. In an attempt to exploit this uniquely enhanced glucose-dependent ATP generation phenomenon, the authors hypothesize that exposure of cancer cells ...
Glaysher Sharon - - 2011
The ATP-based tumor chemosensitivity assay (ATP-TCA) is a standardised system which can be adapted to a variety of uses with both cell lines and primary cell cultures. It has a strong track record in drug development, mechanistic studies of chemoresistance and as an aid to clinical decision-making. The method starts ...
Parker Katharine A - - 2011
The successful storage of cell lines depends upon many factors, including the condition of the cells to be frozen and the experience of the operator. Attempting to freeze down unhealthy, contaminated or poorly labelled cells can have huge implications for a research laboratory. This chapter outlines the importance of good ...
Fiebiger W - - 2011
Introduction Chemotherapy for advanced well-differentiated carcinoids is characterised by low response rates and short duration of responses. The present study aimed to assess the in vitro activity of novel platinum-based chemotherapeutic drugs in combination with dichloroacetate (DCA), a sensitiser to apoptosis, against lung carcinoid cell lines. Methods Three permanent cell ...
Soo Julia K - - 2011
Recently developed methods are described for the culture of cells from primary human melanomas and benign or dysplastic naevi (moles). These allow the culture of viable cells from the great majority of such lesions, and the maintenance of what appears to be the predominant population of pigmented cells. These methods ...
Monzillo Eloise - - 2011
Our purpose is to discuss the study design and innovative approaches that led to finding significant effects of one energy medicine therapy, Therapeutic Touch (TT), on cells. In the original published studies, TT was shown to significantly increase human osteoblast DNA synthesis, differentiation, and mineralization; increase in a dose-dependent manner ...
Zhao Jia - - 2011
Human malignant melanoma is a very aggressive and highly angiogenesis-dependent tumor. Basic fibroblast growth factor and angiogenin are the potentially important angiogenic factors for melanoma progression and metastasis. Many studies have mainly focused on how they induce angiogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of basic fibroblast growth ...
Reid Yvonne A - - 2011
Studies of the same cell lines by different laboratories are common in the literature and often show different results with the same methodology. Use of best cell culture practices is essential to ensure consistent and reproducible results. Assay outcomes are easily influenced by many factors including changes in functionality, morphology, ...
Lu Xiaohong - - 2011
Brit-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome, an autosomal dominant familial cancer, is associated with increased risk of kidney cancer. BHD syndrome is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the folliculin (FLCN) protein. To develop therapeutic approaches for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in BHD syndrome, we adopted a strategy to identify tumor-selective growth inhibition in ...
Weaver Jennifer - - 2011
Epithelial cell lines were established from the transition and peripheral zones of human prostate by transduction with cdk4 and hTERT. The properties of these lines were investigated using immunocytochemical markers, ability to generate anchorage-independent colonies and by spectral karyotyping (SKY). Cells were exposed to fractionated doses of gamma irradiation to ...
Brunecky Roman - - 2011
The glycoside hydrolase family 5 endocellulase, E1 (Cel5A), from Acidothermus cellulolyticus was transformed into both Nicotiana tabacum and Zea mays with expression targeted to the cell wall under a constitutive promoter. Here we explore the possibility that in planta expression of endocellulases will allow these enzymes to access their substrates ...
Somji Seema - - 2011
Studies have shown that metallothionein 3 (MT-3) is not expressed in normal urothelium or in the UROtsa cell line, but is expressed in urothelial cancer and in tumors generated from the UROtsa cells that have been transformed by cadmium (Cd+2) or arsenite (As+3).The present study had two major goals. One, ...
Jeong Y H - - 2011
The present study was conducted to establish a porcine transgenic cell line with human CRPs and HT genes, focused on hyperacute rejection (HAR) considering clinical xenotransplantation as alternative sources of human organs. As a first step towards establishing the stable cell line, the cDNA for 3 genes encoding human DAF, ...
Schiøtz Berit L - - 2011
Cell lines from Atlantic salmon kidney have made it possible to culture and study infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV), an aquatic orthomyxovirus affecting farmed Atlantic salmon. However, transfection of these cells using calcium phosphate precipitation or lipid-based reagents shows very low transfection efficiency. The Amaxa Nucleofector technology™ is an electroporation ...
Wang Hongxia - - 2011
The effects of Coptis chinensis on the behavior of squamous cell carcinoma have not yet been established. We examined the anticancer activity of Coptis chinensis on human squamous carcinoma cells, both in vitro and in xenografted nude mice, and applied Pathway Array Technology to understand possible involvement of signaling pathways ...
Liu Wenbin - - 2011
Osteopontin (OPN) is overexpressed in a variety of cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and is likely involved in the process of vasculogenic mimicry (VM) in some tumor cells. In this study, we explored whether OPN plays a role for VM in HCC. Metastatic MHCC97-H human HCC cells and non-metastatic Hep3B ...
Shibayama Yoshihiko - - 2011
Sorafenib and sunitinib is a small molecule inhibitor of certain receptor tyrosine kinases, and have improved outcomes for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. Inhibitory concentration of 50% cell growth of sorafenib significantly rose to 6.4-fold in a multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) transfected cell line versus control cell line. ...
He Qingchun - - 2011
Sorcin, a calcium-binding protein was found up-regulated in the vincristine-induced multi-drug resistance (MDR) gastric cancer cell line SGC7901/VCR, over its parental SGC7901 cells in our previous proteomic studies. The present study explored the role and mechanism of sorcin in the development of MDR in gastric cancer. We constructed the recombinant ...
Kurbacher Christian M - - 2011
Ovarian carcinomas show considerable heterogeneity of origin, both in terms of site and tissue. The most important and also most frequent of these tumors arise from the coelomic epithelium and are therefore characterized as epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOC). EOC is often large and advanced at the time of presentation, so ...
Welch Johanna - - 2011
The polyamines are polycationic compounds essential for cellular proliferation and transformation. In addition to a well-defined biosynthesis pathway, polyamines are internalized into cells by as yet incompletely defined mechanisms. Numerous reports have shown that efficient polyamine uptake depends on the presence of polyanionic, cell surface-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs). In ...
Liu Xiaoliang - - 2011
Green tea and its major active component, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), have been reported to have anticancer activity on various cancers. However, the exact molecular mechanism of its anticancer activity is still not well understood. We investigated the anticancer activity of green tea extract (GTE) and EGCG on 3 human squamous carcinoma ...
Jinwal Umesh K - - 2011
Understanding the molecular mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a challenging endeavor, namely, due to the fact that the disease only occurs in the central nervous system of elderly humans. Thus, model systems simply do not accurately portray this cellular landscape. While we cannot ask many mechanistic questions using the ...
Krohn Vanessa - - 2011
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, ErbB-1, HER-1) is overexpressed in many epithelial tumors, particularly head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) and is related to poor prognosis. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) it was found that activating mutations in the kinase domain of the receptor predicted a high ...
Chen Chao - - 2011
Initiation, growth, recurrence, and metastasis of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) have been related to the behavior of cancer stem cells (CSC) that can be identified by their aldehyde-dehydrogenase-isoform-1 (ALDH1) activity. We quantified and enriched ALDH1(+) cells within HNSCC cell lines and subsequently characterized their phenotypical and functional ...
Rubie Claudia - - 2011
Interactions between CXCR4 and its ligand CXCL12 have been shown to be involved in cancer progression in colorectal cancer (CRC). We performed a comparative CXCL12/CXCR4 expression analysis and assessed the effect of external CXCL12 stimulation on migration of CRC cells without and with CXCR4 inhibition. Expression of CXCL12/CXCR4 was assessed ...
Tzur Amit - - 2011
Cell size is a defining characteristic central to cell function and ultimately to tissue architecture. The ability to sort cell subpopulations of different sizes would facilitate investigation at genomic and proteomic levels of mechanisms by which cells attain and maintain their size. Currently available cell sorters, however, cannot directly measure ...
Björkelund Hanna - - 2011
The interaction of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) with its receptor (EGFR) is known to be complex, and the common over-expression of EGF receptor family members in a multitude of tumors makes it important to decipher this interaction and the following signaling pathways. We have investigated the affinity and kinetics ...
Dixon Bradley P - - 2011
Children with complex urogenital anomalies often require bladder reconstruction. Gastrointestinal tissues used in bladder augmentations exhibit a greatly increased risk of malignancy, and the bladder microenvironment may play a role in this carcinogenesis. Investigating the influences of the bladder microenvironment on gastrointestinal and urothelial cell cycle checkpoint activation and DNA ...
Quentmeier Hilmar - - 2011
The BCR-ABL1 translocation occurs in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and in 25% of cases with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The advent of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) has fundamentally changed the treatment of CML. However, TKI are not equally effective for treating ALL. Furthermore, de novo or secondary TKI-resistance is a ...
Lyman Susan K - - 2011
Many proteins that are dysregulated or mutated in cancer cells rely on the molecular chaperone HSP90 for their proper folding and activity, which has led to considerable interest in HSP90 as a cancer drug target. The diverse array of HSP90 client proteins encompasses oncogenic drivers, cell cycle components, and a ...
Yuan Yang - - 2011
This study was performed to investigate the effect of microRNA-203 (miR-203) and ΔNp63 on cell proliferation and the functional connection between miR-203 and ΔNp63 in ESCC. We employed 2 human ESCC cell lines, Eca109 and TE-1, as the model system. The effect of miR-203 and ΔNp63 on cell proliferation was ...
Jiang Minghong - - 2011
Adeno-associated virus-2 (AAV-2)-mediated gene therapy is quite suitable for local or regional application in head and neck cancer squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, its low transduction efficiency has limited its further development as a therapeutic agent. DNA damaging agents have been shown to enhance AAV-mediated transgene expression. Cisplatin, one of ...
Gao Lili - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate the molecular structural relationship between cell adhesive molecule CD44 and Lewis y antigen, and determine the effects of Lewis y antigen on CD44-mediated adhesion and spreading of ovarian cancer cell line RMG-I and the Lewis y antigen-overexpressed cell line RMG-I-H. The expression of CD44 in ...
Fan Tingjun - - 2011
To establish an untransfected human corneal endothelial (HCE) cell line and characterize its biocompatibility to denuded amniotic membrane (dAM). Primary culture was initiated with a pure population of HCE cells in DMEM/F12 media (pH 7.2) containing 20% fetal bovine serum and various supplements. The established cell line was characterized by ...
Bochner Barry R - - 2011
To elucidate metabolic changes that occur in diabetes, obesity, and cancer, it is important to understand cellular energy metabolism pathways and their alterations in various cells. Here we describe a technology for simultaneous assessment of cellular energy metabolism pathways. The technology employs a redox dye chemistry specifically coupled to catabolic ...
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