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Hoda Mir Alireza - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Human malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an asbestos-related malignancy characterized by frequent resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Here, we investigated the feasibility of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibition by temsirolimus as an antimesothelioma strategy. METHODS:: Phosphorylation of mTOR (p-mTOR) was assessed by immunohistochemistry in MPM surgical specimens (n ...
Liu Xiao - - 2011
It is well known that heterogeneous neuroblastoma (NB) has three different phenotypic variants, the differentiation and transdifferentiation among them increase the complexity of this cancer. However, high-resolution characterization of their morphology has not been addressed by conventional microscopy. Under the help of high-resolution Hopping Probe Ion Conductance Microscopy, we demonstrated ...
Licitra L - - 2011
Mounting evidence suggests that recurrence of resected head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) is due to the outgrowth of unrecognized residual tumor cells as well as to the premalignant and/or precursor-field epithelial cells. We studied the impact of processes triggered by HNSCC surgery in stimulating both residual tumor cells ...
Yasuda Masahiro - - 2011
In this study, we synthesized a new cell immobilization support having poly(glycidyl methacrylate) as a graft polymer chain and used this support for cell cultivation. Base polymer particle was synthesized by suspension polymerization and epoxy polymer chain was extended from particle surface on graft polymerization. Produced polymer particles had broad ...
Capozzi Vittorio - - 2011
A small heat shock gene of Lactobacillus plantarum strain WCFS1 was deleted using a Cre-lox based system. Compared to the wild type, the ∆hsp 18.55 mutant strain displayed a similar growth rate when cultivated either under optimal temperature or under different stress conditions such as heat, low pH and salt ...
Chen L-P - - 2011
A regulator of the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), α4, has been implicated in a variety of functions that regulate many cellular processes. To explore the role of α4 in human cell transformation and tumorigenesis, we show that α4 is highly expressed in human cells transformed by chemical carcinogens including benzo(a)pyrene, ...
Halama Anna - - 2011
Abstract Cancer cells have several specific metabolic features, which have been explored for targeted therapies. Agents that promote apoptosis in tumors are currently considered as a powerful tool for cancer therapeutics. The present study aimed to design a fast, reliable and robust system for metabolite measurements in cells lines to ...
Felthaus O - - 2011
Resistance of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) to conventional chemotherapy or radiation therapy might be due to cancer stem cells (CSCs). The development of novel anticancer drugs requires a simple method for the enrichment of CSCs. CSCs can be enriched from OSCC cell lines, for example, after cultivation in serum-free ...
Manning Kylie - - 2011
An acylphloroglucinol, elliptophenone A, and two xanthones, elliptoxanthone A and elliptoxanthone B, were isolated from the aerial portions of Hypericum ellipticum together with three known xanthones, 1,3,7-trihydroxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-9H-xanthen-9-one, 1,6-dihydroxy-4-methoxy-9H-xanthen-9-one, and 1,4,5-trihydroxy-9H-xanthen-9-one. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses. The acylphloroglucinol and xanthones were evaluated for cytotoxicity using three human colon cancer ...
Chang Cheng-Chi - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) Background:  Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) expressions in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) had been implicated in advanced stage and poor prognosis. It suggests a possible link between the migration/invasion potential of oral cancer cells and the prevalent expression of HDAC2. Methods:  Five head and neck ...
Tissot Stephanie - - 2011
Bioprocesses for recombinant protein production with mammalian cells are typically controlled for several physicochemical parameters including the pH and dissolved oxygen concentration (DO) of the culture medium. Here we studied whether these controls are necessary for efficient and reproducible bioprocesses in an orbitally shaken bioreactor (OSR). Mixing, gas transfer, and ...
Wang Haifeng - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 in human bladder carcinoma cells and its possible role in their metastatic growth in vitro. Immunofluorescent imaging and flow cytometry were performed to examine the expression of CXCR4 in the EJ and EJ-M3 cell ...
Schucht Roland - - 2011
The establishment of mammalian cell lines reliably expressing G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can be a tedious and often time-consuming process. A strategy has been developed to allow the rapid production of such cell lines. The first step of this approach was the generation of a specialized master cell line, characterized by ...
Zaidi Arsalan Haseeb - - 2011
Bile acid resistance by Lactococcus lactis depends on the ABC-type multidrug transporter LmrCD. Upon deletion of the lmrCD genes, cells can reacquire bile acid resistance upon prolonged exposure to cholate, yielding the ΔlmrCD(r) strain. The resistance mechanism in this strain is non-transporter based. Instead, cells show a high tendency to ...
Thamm D H - - 2012
Masitinib, a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has previously been shown to enhance the antiproliferative effects of gemcitabine in human pancreatic cancer, demonstrating potential as a chemosensitizer. This exploratory study investigated the ability of masitinib to sensitize various canine cancer cell lines to doxorubicin, vinblastine, and gemcitabine. Masitinib strongly sensitized histiocytic ...
Majid Shahana S Department of Urology, VA Medical Center and University of California San Francisco, - - 2011
The Src family of protein kinases (SFK) plays key roles in regulating fundamental cellular processes, including cell growth, differentiation, cell shape, migration, and survival, and specialized cell signals in various malignancies. The pleiotropic functions of SFKs in cancer make them promising targets for intervention. Here, we sought to investigate the ...
Mosaffa Fatemeh - - 2011
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) has been reported to modulate the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype in vitro and in vivo. Multidrug-resistant cells overexpressing the ABCB1 transporter are more susceptible to inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis by TNF-α than their drug-sensitive counterparts. This study was aimed to investigate TNF-α ...
Zhang Hui-Juan - - 2011
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) includes frankly malignant choriocarcinoma and placental site trophoblastic tumor and potentially malignant hydatidiform mole. p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4) promotes cell motility. This study investigated the role of PAK4 in the pathogenesis of GTD. PAK4 mRNA and protein expressions in clinical samples and cell lines of normal ...
Weickert Jonas - - 2011
This Progress Report highlights recent developments in nanostructured organic and hybrid solar cells. The authors discuss novel approaches to control the film morphology in fully organic solar cells and the design of nanostructured hybrid solar cells. The motivation and recent results concerning fabrication and effects on device physics are emphasized. ...
Hayashi Yoshihiro - - 2011
Expression of fascin-1, an actin bundling protein, is a poor prognostic factor in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, its biological role in HCC cells remains unclear. Using human HCC tissues and cell lines, HLE, Hep3B, and Huh7, we investigated whether fascin-1 is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and increases invasiveness, thus ...
Walker Giselle - - 2011
SUMMARYSingle-celled parasites like Entamoeba, Trypanosoma, Phytophthora and Plasmodium wreak untold havoc on human habitat and health. Understanding the position of the various protistan pathogens in the larger context of eukaryotic diversity informs our study of how these parasites operate on a cellular level, as well as how they have evolved. ...
Wang Wei - - 2011
The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is a highly conserved pathway in organism evolution and regulates many biological processes. Aberrant activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is closely related to tumorigenesis. In order to identify potent small molecules to treat the over-activated Wnt signaling-mediated cancer, such as colon cancer, we established a ...
Wang Qi-En - - 2011
Piwil2 (mili in mouse or hili in humans), a member of the PIWI/Argonaute gene family, plays important roles in stem cell self-renewal, RNA silencing, and translational regulation in various organisms. Recent demonstration of stable Piwil2 expression in pre-cancerous stem cells and in various human and animal tumor cell lines suggests ...
Ageberg Malin - - 2011
Prenylation is a post-translational hydrophobic modification of proteins, important for their membrane localization and biological function. The use of inhibitors of prenylation has proven to be a useful tool in the activation of apoptotic pathways in tumor cell lines. Rab geranylgeranyl transferase (Rab GGT) is responsible for the prenylation of ...
Lee Kyuwan - - 2011
Effective identification of breast cancer stem cells (CSC) benefits from a multiplexed approach to detect cell surface markers that can distinguish this subpopulation, which can invade and proliferate at sites of metastasis. We present a new approach for dual-mode sensing based on targeting using pointer and signal enhancement using enhancer ...
Oka Tomoichiro - - 2011
Feline calicivirus (FCV) is an important veterinary pathogen and causes respiratory disease in cats. Because it grows well in cell culture, FCV is often used as a model virus of non-culturable caliciviruses. In this study, a cell-free and two cell culture-based biosensor assay systems were established to detect FCV protease ...
Aouali Nassera - - 2011
The selection pressure for resistance to chemotherapy is accompanied by the enhanced expression of ABC proteins and increased cellular glycosphingolipid content. Thus, a possible connection between glycosphingolipid metabolism and ABC proteins in drug resistance has been suggested. In the present study, we established two human multidrug-resistant (MDR) cell lines derived ...
Irelan Jeffrey T - - 2011
Strict quality control of cells is required for the standardization and interpretation of results in all areas of cell-based research, especially in drug discovery. Real-time cellular analysis using electrical impedance as a readout offers a rapid and highly reproducible method for quality control as it provides a quantitative measure of ...
Chen Zhihong - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) is widely expressed in various organ and tissues. In light of the novel oncogenic properties of aquaporins (AQPs), here we investigated the effect of AQP5 knockdown by RNAi on transmembrane osmotic water permeability, cell migration potential and cell volume regulation ability. Methods: AQP5 expression was inhibited ...
Kebbi-Beghdadi C - - 2011
Growing evidence suggests that the bacterium Waddlia chondrophila, a novel member of the Chlamydiales order, is an agent of miscarriage in humans and abortion in ruminants. We thus investigated the permissivity of three epithelial cell lines, primate Vero kidney cells, human A549 pneumocytes and human Ishikawa endometrial cells to this ...
Stoops Sydney L - - 2011
E-cadherin is a transmembrane protein that maintains intercellular contacts and cell polarity in epithelial tissue. The down-regulation of E-cadherin contributes to the induction of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), resulting in an increased potential for cellular invasion of surrounding tissues and entry into the bloodstream. Loss of E-cadherin has been observed ...
Parti Rajinder P - - 2011
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a sexually-transmitted gram-negative bacterium, causes gonorrhoea in humans. The min genes of N. gonorrhoeae are involved in cell division site selection with oxyR co-transcribed with these genes. The min and oxyR mutation, causes aberrant cell morphology and aggregation patterns, respectively. Our objective was to assess the contribution of ...
Habeeb Baker Sh - - 2011
Adiponectin is known to have suppressive effects on tumor growth and is thought to be a key molecule in the positive correlation between obesity and cancer. However, the detailed mechanisms regulating tumor cell activity have not been elucidated. In this study, we found that both full-length (f-Ad) and globular adiponectin ...
Yang L - - 2011
The emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR) is a big challenge to cancer chemotherapy. Plant-derived agents have great potential to prevent onset or delay progression of the carcinogenic process, and enhance the efficacy of mainstream antitumor agents. In this study, fractionated extracts of Curcuma wenyujin and Chrysanthemum indicum were tested for ...
Vilar Eduardo - - 2011
Microsatellite instability (MSI) is displayed by approximately 15% of colorectal cancers (CRC). Defective DNA mismatch repair generates mutations at repetitive DNA sequences such as those located in the double strand break (DSB) repair gene MRE11. We assessed the mutational status of MRE11 in a panel of 17 CRC cell lines ...
Yusop Rahimi M - - 2011
Many important intracellular biochemical reactions are modulated by transition metals, typically in the form of metalloproteins. The ability to carry out selective transformations inside a cell would allow researchers to manipulate or interrogate innumerable biological processes. Here, we show that palladium nanoparticles trapped within polystyrene microspheres can enter cells and ...
Ostrowska Kamila M - - 2011
Cervical cancer, a potentially preventable disease, has its main aetiology in infection by high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV). Approaches to improving cervical cancer screening and diagnostic methodologies include molecular biological analysis, targeting of biomarker proteins, but also exploration and implementation of new techniques such as vibrational spectroscopy. This study correlates ...
Imanaka Yukako - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding RNAs that function as negative regulators of gene expression. Alterations in miRNA expression have been shown to affect tumor growth and response to chemotherapy. In this study, we explored the possible role of miRNAs in cisplatin resistance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). First we ...
Reis Raísa da R - - 2011
A series of 2-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)-8-substituted-2H-pyrazolo[4,3-c]quinolin-3(5H)-ones (3a-g) have been synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative activities against four human cancer cell lines: MDA-MB-435 (breast), HL-60 (leukemia), HCT-8 (colon) and SF-295 (central nervous system). The results showed that the compounds 3b (2-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)-8-methyl-2H-pyrazolo[4,3-c]quinolin-3(5H)-one) and 3c (2-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)-8-bromo-2H-pyrazolo[4,3-c]quinolin-3(5H)-one) exhibited good cytotoxicity for three cell ...
Sui Hua - - 2011
Cross-drug resistance in multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells, which overexpress P-glycoprotein (P-gp) encoded by the MDR1 gene, is a major impediment to successful chemotherapy for colorectal cancer. In the present study, drug-sensitive HCT8 and multidrug resistant HCT8/V colorectal cancer cell lines were used to examine the role of c-Jun NH2-Terminal Kinas (JNK) ...
Wang Jingxuan - - 2011
Acquired resistance to doxorubicin has became a serious obstacle in breast cancer treatment. The underlying mechanism responsible for this has not been completely elucidated. In this study, a doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7/Dox cell was developed to mimic the occurrence of acquired doxorubicin resistance. We next contrasted the expression profiles of ICBP90 and ...
Karalyan Z A - - 2011
The resistence to picornaviral infection cells of susceptible lines has similar changes in the phenotype. They have decreased number of nucleoli and increased percentage of euploidy. Also the percentage of euploid cells those were resistant to the picornaviral infection increased in all highly transformed cultures. In resistant cells of all ...
Ku Ja-Lok - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Six human lung cancer cell lines (SNU-371, SNU-963, SNU-1327, SNU-1330, SNU-2292 and SNU-2315) were newly established through primary cell cultures. These cell lines were derived from a pulmonary blastoma, a small cell lung cancer, three adenocarcinomas and a squamous cell carcinoma of the lung of six Korean lung cancer ...
Novakovic Boris - - 2011
Difficulties associated with long-term culture of primary trophoblasts have proven to be a major hurdle in their functional characterization. In order to circumvent this issue, several model cell lines have been established over many years using a variety of different approaches. Due to their differing origins, gene expression profiles and ...
Scherzed Agmal - - 2011
The 5-year survival rate of patients suffering from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is unsatisfying despite the advances in carcinoma treatment. Recent studies suggest that stem cells can be used as a gene therapy carrier for cancer treatment. Stem cells produce different cytokines such as growth factors in ...
Okamura Kotaro - - 2011
Disruption of the normal pattern of parental origin-specific gene expression is referred to as loss of imprinting (LOI), which is common in various cancers. To investigate a possible role of LOI in the early stage of human cell transformation, we studied LOI in 18 human fibroblast cell lines immortalized spontaneously, ...
Qiu Hong - - 2011
The chronic-hypoxia-resistant gastric cancer cell line was established, and its biological characteristics were explored and compared with the parental cell line. Gastric cancer cell lines were cultured under the degressive oxygen concentration. Cell doubling time was calculated by cell counting method. Chemo-resistance ability of cells was tested by MTT assay. ...
Orendi K - - 2011
In the field of preeclampsia, enormous efforts are ongoing to identify biomarkers predicting the syndrome already in the first trimester of pregnancy. At the same time, there is the need for in vitro models to test such biomarkers prior to their use in clinical trials. In addition, in vitro models ...
Iwahashi Shuichi - - 2011
Background: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) is well known to be associated with tumorigenesis through epigenetic regulation, and its inhibitors (HDACIs) induce differentiation and apoptosis of tumor cells. We examined the therapeutic effects of valproic acid (VPA, a HDACI) with a combination of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in vitro. Methods: A human pancreas cancer ...
Fabbri Francesco - - 2011
The efficacy of therapy for hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) is still unsatisfactory and new agents and therapeutic modalities are needed. The aims of the present work were to examine the in vitro activity and mechanisms of action of doxorubicin (DX), pegylated liposomal DX (PLDX) and non-pegylated liposomal DX (NPLDX) in ...
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