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Results 451 - 500 of 904
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Li Huaxing - - 2011
Bufalin, a major bioactive component of the Chinese medicine Chansu, has been reported to exhibit significant antitumor activity against various cancer cell lines. However, the exact mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that bufalin inhibited the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells in a dose-dependent manner, which correlated ...
Zhao Xin - - 2011
In this study, we examined the effects of LY52, a caffeoyl pyrrolidine derivative designed to fit the S'1 active pocket of gelatinases, on the expressions of matrix metalloproteinases and invasion abilities of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. The effects of LY52 on the proliferations of HepG2 (hepatitis B virus (HBV) negative) and ...
Roma Josep - - 2011
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common type of soft tissue sarcoma in children and can be divided into two main subtypes: embryonal and alveolar RMS. Patients with metastatic disease continue to have very poor prognosis although aggressive therapies and recurrences are common in advanced localized disease. The oncogenic potential of ...
Fujishiro Hitomi - - 2011
The mechanism of cellular entry of cadmium remains unclear. We have previously established cadmium-resistant cells from mouse embryonic cells of metallothionein (MT)-null mice, and demonstrated that the down-regulation of a zinc transporter, Zrt/Irt-related protein (ZIP) 8, was responsible for the reduced cadmium incorporation into cells. In the present study, we ...
Chao Suzan K - - 2011
Discodermolide is a microtubule-stabilizing agent that induces accelerated cell senescence. A discodermolide-resistant cell line, AD32, was generated from the human lung cancer cell line A549. We hypothesize that the major resistance mechanism in these cells is escape from accelerated senescence. AD32 cells have decreased levels of 4E-BP1 mRNA and protein, ...
Ackermann Sandra - - 2011
High-risk neuroblastoma remains a therapeutic challenge for pediatric oncologists. The Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is highly expressed in many human cancers and is a target of the novel small-molecule inhibitor BI 2536, which has shown promising anticancer activity in adult malignancies. Here, we investigated the effect of BI 2536 on ...
Takei Yoshifumi - - 2010
Although aberrant microRNA (miRNA) is expressed in different types of human cancer tissues, its pathophysiological role and the relevance of tumorigenesis and metastasis are still largely unknown. Here we defined miRNAs involved in cancer metastasis (metastamirs) using an established mouse model for peritoneal dissemination of human scirrhous gastric carcinoma cells. ...
Chung Jin-Haeng - - 2011
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which was related with an acquired resistance to gefitinib, was found in the A549 lung cancer cell line. However, the clinical feasibility of this finding is still questionable. Here, we investigated whether EMT could be detected in a more clinically suitable situation using patient's tumor and cells ...
Lunøe Kristoffer - - 2010
The aim of this work was to compare different selenium species for their ability to induce cell death in different cancer cell lines, while investigating the underlying chemistry by speciation analysis. A prostate cancer cell line (PC-3), a colon cancer cell line (HT-29) and a leukaemia cell line (Jurkat E6-1) ...
Wu Chunhui - - 2011
The large diversity of structures and unique bonding modes of organometallic complexes make them possible to act as promising candidate therapeutic agents. In this study, the new type of ferrocene-substituted dithio-o-carborane conjugates (FcSB1, FcSB2, and FcSBCO) has been synthesized, and their in vitro antineoplastic activities have been explored by means ...
Wu Zchong-Zcho - - 2010
CITED2 is a transcriptional modulator which has been implicated in human oncogenesis. In the present study, we examined whether CITED2 is also involved in the resistance of cancer cells to the chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin. We first observed that knockdown of CITED2 using short-hairpin RNA sensitized non-tumorigenic HEK293 cells to cisplatin. ...
Schnepf Nathalie - - 2011
Antimalarial drug artesunate inhibits cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication in human fibroblasts. Astrocytes, the major cell type of the brain, support cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication. The aim of the study was to assess the antiviral activity of artesunate in astrocytoma cell line U373MG in comparison with ganciclovir. The antiviral concentration inhibiting by 50% ...
Liu Dingxie - - 2010
We examined the therapeutic potential of a novel MEK inhibitor, RDEA119, and its synergism with the mTOR inhibitor, temsirolimus, in thyroid cancer cell lines. RDEA119 potently inhibited the proliferation of the 4 cell lines that harbored BRAF mutation but had no or modest effects on the other 4 cells that ...
Hardy Katharine M - - 2010
Metastatic melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer associated with poor prognosis. The reactivation of the embryonic morphogen Nodal in metastatic melanoma has previously been shown to regulate the aggressive behavior of these tumor cells. During the establishment of left-right asymmetry in early vertebrate development, Nodal expression is specifically regulated by ...
Chen Shuli - - 2010
CD9, a member of the tetraspanin family, plays important roles in a variety of cell activities. Fibrosarcoma is a malignant tumor that arises from fibroblasts. Low CD9 expression is found in fibrosarcoma tumor, but function of CD9 in fibrosarcoma has been rarely studied. In this study, stable cell lines for ...
Kanou Takashi - - 2011
The tyrosine kinase c-Src is upregulated in various human cancers, although the precise regulatory mechanism underlying this upregulation is unclear. We previously reported that a transmembrane adaptor Csk-binding protein (Cbp; PAG1) plays an important role in controlling the cell transformation that is induced by the activation of c-Src. To elucidate ...
Siegel David - - 2011
Previous work demonstrated that NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) metabolized the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitor 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17AAG) to the corresponding hydroquinone (17AAGHâ‚‚). The formation of 17AAGHâ‚‚ by NQO1 results in a molecule that binds with greater affinity to Hsp90 compared with the parent quinone. 17AAG induced substantial growth inhibition ...
Vialter Aurélie - - 2011
BRCA1, the main breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene, has a key role in maintenance of genome stability, cell cycle and transcription regulation. Interestingly, some of the numerous proteins which interact with BRCA1 protein undergo conjugation with small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMO). This post-translational modification is related to transcription, DNA repair, ...
Hehlgans Stephanie - - 2010
Purpose: Propolis, a product of honeybees, has anti-tumoural, cytotoxic, anti-metastatic and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the radiosensitising capacity of Propolis in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells. Materials and methods: HNSCC cell lines (FaDu, UT-SCC15, UT-SCC45), fibroblasts (HSF2) and keratinocytes (HaCaT) were ...
Fujimura Hisako - - 2010
To investigate the suitability of H4IIE cells for detecting cytochrome P450 (CYP) induction in vitro, we compared CYP induction by typical CYP inducers in H4IIE cells and rat primary hepatocytes by examining gene expression and enzyme activity, and by immunocytochemistry. The cells were preincubated with 0.1μM of dexamethasone (DEX) for ...
Valabrega Giorgio - - 2011
Trastuzumab has changed the prognosis of HER2 positive breast cancers. Despite this progress, resistance to trastuzumab occurs in most patients. Newer anti-HER2 therapies, like the dual tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (TKI) lapatinib, show significant antitumor activity, indicating that HER2 can be still exploited as a target after trastuzumab failure. However, since a ...
Shibata Kiyosumi - - 2010
Background: Cisplatin is used as a key drug for ovarian yolk sac tumor (YST), but relapse may occur. Details of the molecular mechanism responsible for cisplatin resistance remain unclear. Methods: We established cisplatin-resistant ovarian YST cells (NOY1-CR) from parent NOY1. To characterize these cells, we examined cross-resistance to other anticancer ...
Bruzzese Francesca - - 2010
Potentiation of anti-EGFR inhibitors is required in squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN) to improve their therapeutic index. We demonstrated that the histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat in combination with the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib induced synergistic inhibition of proliferation, migration and invasion as well as induction of ...
Lee Chia-Hua CH Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United - - 2011
The lateral displacement of cells orthogonal to a flow stream by rolling on asymmetrical receptor patterns presents a new opportunity for the label-free separation and analysis of cells. Understanding the nature of cell rolling trajectories on such substrates is necessary to the engineering of substrates and the design of devices ...
Queiroz Maria-João R P - - 2011
The methyl 3-amino-6-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate, recently reported by some of us, was reacted in Sonogashira couplings with several (hetero)arylacetylenes. The growth inhibitory activity of the novel methyl 3-amino-6-[(hetero)arylethynyl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylates obtained was evaluated on three human tumor cell lines (MCF-7, NCI-H460, A375-C5). The para-methoxyphenyl and the ortho- and para-aminophenyl derivatives were the most promising ...
Ma Hongxia - - 2010
The cell cycle governs the proliferation and growth of cells and is strictly controlled by some regulators including cyclins, CDKs and CKIs. Germ-line and somatic mutations in cell cycle genes were frequently observed in a subset of cancers including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we hypothesized that ...
Wu Jong-C - - 2012
Dicrotophos is a systemic insecticide with a wide range of applications. We investigated the genotoxicity of dicrotophos using the Ames test, the chromosome aberration test in CHO-K1 cells, and the comet assay in the Hep G2 cells, while this chemicals' toxicity to both the cell lines was evaluated with the ...
Karnjanapratum Supatra - - 2010
We investigated water-soluble sulfated polysaccharides isolated from Monostroma nitidum using ion-exchange chromatography to determine their molecular characteristics and biological activities. The crude and fractionated polysaccharides (F(1), F(2), and F(3)) consisted mostly of carbohydrates (58.3-91.9%), uronic acids (0-21.8%) and sulfates (1.8-17.7%) as well as varying amounts of proteins (1.6-9.4%). Their monosaccharide ...
Delanoë-Ayari H - - 2010
We present a 4D (x; y; z; t) force map of Dictyostelium cells crawling on a soft gel substrate. Vertical forces are of the same order as the tangential ones. The cells pull the substratum upward along the cell, medium, or substratum contact line and push it downward under the ...
Lakra Wazir S - - 2011
The Puntius denisonii colloquially and more popularly referred to as Miss Kerala is a subtropical fish belonging to the genus Puntius (Barb) and family Cyprinidae. Two cell lines PDF and PDH were developed from the caudal fin and heart of P. denisonii, respectively. The cell lines were optimally maintained at ...
Lapierre Lynne A - - 2010
Little research has addressed the role of membrane trafficking and recycling in the regulation of the transformed phenotype of neoplastic cells. The small GTPase Rab25 is an epithelial-specific modulator of membrane recycling. Recent studies have demonstrated that Rab25 expression is up-regulated in a number of epithelial cancers and over-expression may ...
McNamara Yvonne M - - 2011
Structural derivatives of 4-MTA, an illegal amphetamine analogue have been previously shown to have anticancer effects in vitro. In this study we report the synthesis of a series of novel 1,3-bis(aryl)-2-nitro-1-propene derivatives related in structure to 4-MTA. A number of these compounds containing a classic nitrostyrene structure are shown to ...
Nien Po-Chin - - 2010
A two-chamber microbial fuel cell was started using iron-reducing strains as inoculum and acetate as carbon sources. The tested microbial fuel cell had an open-circuit voltage of 0.67V, and reached 1045mAm(-2) and a power density of 486mWm(-2) at 0.46V before power overshoot occurred. Anodic reactions were identified as the rate-determining ...
Shan Le-Qun - - 2011
Immunotherapy is a promising strategy for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive tumors. Previously, we constructed an immuno-carboxy terminal fragment of Bid (immuno-tBid) and reported its specific and effective destruction of HER2-positive tumor cells. In this study, in order to further reduce the immunogenicity of the ...
Ikeda Ryuji - - 2011
Gemcitabine is an effective chemotherapy against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, resistance to gemcitabine reduces its efficacy. We have isolated gemcitabine-resistant human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells, termed A549/GR cells. A549/GR cells were resistant to gemcitabine as well as paclitaxel and docetaxel but not carboplatin and irinotecan. The ...
Kim Jayoung - - 2011
Studies of the urothelium, the specialized epithelial lining of the urinary bladder, are critical for understanding diseases affecting the lower urinary tract, including interstitial cystitis, urinary tract infections and cancer. However, our understanding of urothelial pathophysiology has been hampered by a lack of appropriate model systems. Here, we describe the ...
Zhang H - - 2011
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most deadly type of cancer in the United States and worldwide. Although new therapy is available, the survival rate of NSCLC patients remains low. One hallmark of cancer cells is defects in the apoptotic cell death program. In this study, we investigate the role ...
Laaberki Maria-Halima - - 2011
O-Acetylation of the MurNAc moiety of peptidoglycan is typically associated with bacterial resistance to lysozyme, a muramidase that serves as a central component of innate immunity. Here, we report that the peptidoglycan of Bacillus anthracis, the etiological agent of anthrax, is O-acetylated and that, unusually, this modification is produced by ...
Rai V - - 2011
Fractionated melanin (Mel-HEV), a bleached version of natural melanin, offers protection against the high energy visible (HEV/UVA) and ultraviolet (specifically UVA) irradiation making it a potential compound to be added to skin care and sunscreen formulations and other cosmetic and personal care products. Chlorpromazine (CPZ) has been shown to exhibit ...
Habibollahi Peiman - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of chronic exposure to diazinon in the gastrointestinal tract, Caco-2 cells were made resistant by growing in low concentrations of diazinon (0.02 μM) that was gradually increased to 20 μM within 4.5 months. Resistant cells showed significant higher growth in the presence of 15, 45 and ...
Müller Carsten - - 2011
Vineatrol®30 (developed and produced jointly by Breko GmbH [Bremen, Germany] and Actichem [Montauban, France]) is a grapevine-shoot extract that contains resveratrol as well as considerable amounts of resveratrol oligomers. In the present study it is shown that Vineatrol30 at a noncytotoxic concentration of 2.3 μg/mL significantly reduced the number of malignantly ...
Mori Kotaro - - 2011
We developed a method for cloning cells of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila in chemically defined medium (CDM) using a fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS). Although T. thermophila is a model unicellular eukaryote, two major technical difficulties remain in its cloning. First, T. thermophila fails to proliferate from low density in CDM, ...
Takakuwa Osamu - - 2011
Amrubicin, a totally synthetic 9-aminoanthracycline anticancer drug, has shown promising activity for lung cancer, but little is known about the mechanism of resistance for this agent. This study was aimed to clarify the role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in amrubicinol, an active metabolite of amrubicin, resistance in lung cancer cells. Amrubicinol-resistant ...
Convertini Paolo - - 2011
This study investigates the transcriptional role of the human mitochondrial carnitine/acylcarnitine carrier (CAC) proximal promoter. Through deletion analysis, an activation domain (-334/-80 bp) was identified which contains FOXA and Sp1 active sites. The wild-type (but not mutated) -334/-80 bp region of the CAC gene conferred 74% LUC transgene activity in ...
Pinho Maria João - - 2011
Amino acid transporters provide cells neutral amino acids indispensable for growth and proliferation-dependent protein synthesis. This study evaluates whether prolonged serial cell passaging during 6 months (over 50 passages) may induce changes in amino acid transporters properties in Opossum kidney (OK) proximal tubular cells. High passage OK cells exhibit polyploidy, but ...
Maraldi Tullia - - 2011
Reverse-phase microarray assays using phospho-specific antibodies (RPPA) can directly measure levels of phosphorylated protein isoforms. In the current study, lysates from parental and multidrug resistant (MDR) CEM leukemia cells were spotted onto reverse-phase protein microarrays and probed with a panel of phospho-antibodies to ERK, PCK and Akt pathways. In particular, ...
Sereš Mário - - 2010
Expression of drug-transporting P-glycoprotein (P-gp, an integral protein of the plasma membrane) in neoplastic cells confers multidrug resistance and also involves alteration of cell sensitivity to inhibitors of the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium pump thapsigargin (Th). Mouse leukaemia L1210 cell sublines that overexpress P-gp due to selection with vincristine (R) or ...
Chen Yong - - 2010
miRNA-200c can not only inhibit the aggressiveness of cancer cells but also increase the sensitivity of cells to antitumor drugs. However, some mechanisms are still unclear. Recent researches revealed that E-cadherin is more than an inhibitor of metastasis, and it also plays important roles in reversing drug resistance. We had ...
Wang Shouye - - 2010
Sarcomas are rare tumors, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma found in adults. Increasing evidence suggests a possible role for AKT activation in soft tissue sarcoma. In the present study, we established a primary human MFH cell line (named MSUMFH cells) from a fresh ...
Ravindran Vinoth S - - 2010
Potent cytolytic activity was exhibited by proteins extracted from three sea anemones viz. Heteractis magnifica, Stichodactyla haddoni and Paracodylactis sinensis by affecting the red blood corpuscles (RBC) and the mouse fibroblast cell line (L929) and leukemia cell line (P388). Crude toxin of all the three anemone species induced spontaneous hemolysis ...
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