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Majhen Dragomira D Division of Molecular Biology, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, - - 2014
Adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) is a non-enveloped DNA virus frequently used as a gene transfer vector. Efficient Ad5 cell entry depends on the availability of its primary receptor, coxsackie and adenovirus receptor, which is responsible for attachment, and integrins, secondary receptors responsible for adenovirus internalization via clathrin-mediated endocytosis. However, efficacious ...
Tan Jing J Department of Urology, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Department of Urology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Yue-lu District, Changsha 410013, Hunan, - - 2013
To investigate the effects of adenovirus-mediated inducible nitric oxide synthase gene transfection on bladder transitional cell carcinoma T24 cells, and to provide novel insights and approaches to clinical therapies against bladder transitional cell carcinoma. Firstly, construct recombinant adenovirus vector pAd-iNOS of iNOS, followed by transfection of pAd-iNOS into HECK293 packaging ...
Zhu Bao-Song BS Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Soochow University, Suzhou 215004, Jiangsu Province, - - 2013
To investigate the effects of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated inhibition of Class I phosphoinositide 3-kinase (Class I PI3K) signal transduction on the proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy of gastric cancer SGC7901 and MGC803 cells. We constructed the recombinant replication adenovirus PI3K(I)-RNA interference (RNAi)-green fluorescent protein (GFP) and control adenovirus NC-RNAi-GFP, and ...
Du Jun - - 2013
BmK CT, one of the key toxins in the venom of the scorpion, Buthus martensii Karsch, can interact specifically with glioma cells as a chloride channel blocker and inhibit the invasion and migration of those cells via MMP-2. A recombinant adenovirus, Ad-BmK CT, was constructed and characterized by in vitro ...
Aamri F El - - 2012
Abstract Streptococcus iniae is a major fish pathogen producing invasive infections that result in economic losses in aquaculture. Gentamicin protection assays were used to investigate the ability of different S. iniae strains to invade and adhere to fibroblastic-like fish cell line SAF-1. All strains tested were detected intracellularly using both ...
Gotoh Akinobu - - 2012
Adenovirus vectors have been utilized for cancer gene therapies. The present study examined the oncolytic effects of adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) and fiber-substituted conditionally replicating adenovirus (CRAD) Ad5/F35 vectors on the human malignant mesothelioma cells MSTO-211H, NCI-H28, NCI-H2052, and NCI-H2452 cells. Materials and Method: For the adenovirus, the first mRNA/protein ...
Zarai Zied - - 2012
In order to report pharmacological characterization of marine snail (Hexaplex trunculus) hepatopancreatic phospholipase A(2) (mSDPLA(2)), we have talked for the first time the antimicrobial activity against different pathogenic bacterial strains, anti-chlamydial activity as well as its cytotoxic activity against McCoy cell lines. mSDPLA(2), showed a high level of activity towards ...
Li Yong-Gang - - 2012
Objectives: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an alphavirus belonging to the Togaviridae family. Alphaviruses cause a chronic non-cytopathic infection in mosquito cells, while they develop a highly cytopathic infection in cells originating from various vertebrates. In this study, we compared the cytopathic effect (CPE) induced by CHIKV in Vero cells and ...
Jin Qing - - 2012
Aims:  To establish an efficient genetic transformation protocol for Leuconostoc species, methods for competent-cell preparation and electroporation conditions were optimized. Methods and Results:  L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides ATCC8293 cells were sequentially treated with penicillin G and lysozyme, and the plasmid pLeuCM was subsequently transformed into the cells. Our results demonstrated ...
Kataoka Makoto - - 2012
This study aims to establish an in vitro system that can assess intestinal first-pass metabolism of CYP3A4 substrate drugs using adenoviral transduction. Madin-Darby canine kidney II (MDCKII) cells were used as a model of intestinal epithelial cells. Recombinant adenovirus expressing green fluorescent protein (AdGFP) and CYP3A4 (AdCYP3A4) was used as ...
Yu Q - - 2012
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhimurium could adhere to epithelial tissue and destroy cell junctions, leading to intestinal inflammation and diarrhea. Lactobacillus could prevent the adhesion of pathogens to host cells and protect the mucosal barrier. The objective of this study was to investigate the protective effects of Lactobacillus amylophilus ...
Zhao Yunying - - 2012
Type 2C protein phosphatases (PP2C) are monomeric enzymes that require magnesium or manganese ions for their activities. There are seven PP2C genes in Candida albicans. Here, we demonstrate that CaPTC5 encodes a mitochondrial PP2C enzyme. Expression of CaPTC5 transcripts remains constant during the serum-induced hyphal development, Deletion of CaPTC5 does ...
Du Wen - - 2012
The antibacterial activity and acting mechanism of hypocrellin A (HA) were conducted regarding in vitro activity of HA on Staphylococcus aureus GZ86 by analyzing the growth, permeability, and morphology of the bacterial cells following treatment with HA. The experimental results indicated 1.5 mg/l HA could completely inhibit the growth of 10(7 )CFU/ml ...
Grumezescu Alexandru Mihai - - 2012
Preparation and characterization of CS/Fe(3)O(4)/CMC composite scaffolds including the morphology, crystallinity, and the in vitro efficacy as antibiotic delivery vehicles as well as their influence on the eukaryotic cells are reported. The results demonstrated that the magnetic polymeric composite scaffolds are exhibiting structural and functional properties that recommend them for ...
Souza Samaly Dos Santos Sdos - - 2012
In molluscs, internal defence against microorganisms is performed by a single cell type, i.e., the haemocyte or amoebocyte. The origin of these cells in Biomphalaria glabrata was initially thought to be localised within the vasculo-connective tissue. More recently, origin from a single organ, termed the amoebocyte-producing organ (APO), has been ...
Lin Ann E - - 2012
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is an extracellular pathogen that alters many host subcellular components during its infectious processes. We have previously shown that EPEC hijacks a large assortment of host cell endocytic components and uses these proteins to form protruding structures called "pedestals" rather than triggering internalization of the bacteria. ...
Brittan J L JL School of Oral and Dental Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2012
Streptococcus pneumoniae colonizes the upper respiratory tract from where the organisms may disseminate systemically to cause life threatening infections. The mechanisms by which pneumococci colonize epithelia are not understood, but neuraminidase A (NanA) has a major role in promoting growth and survival in the upper respiratory tract. In this article ...
Kim Gu-Hee - - 2012
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can be propagated in vitro on feeder layers of mouse STO fibroblast cells. The STO cells secrete several cytokines that are essential for ESCs to maintain their undifferentiated state. In this study, we found significant growth inhibition of mouse ESCs (mESCs) cultured on STO cells infected ...
Hoque Jiaul - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Development of novel antimicrobial agents having high selectivity towards bacterial cells over mammalian cells is urgently required to curb the widespread emergence of infectious diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria. Towards this end, we have developed a set of cationic dimeric amphiphiles (bearing cleavable amide linkages between head group and ...
Yamaji Hideki - - 2012
The production of a secreted form of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus-like particles (VLPs) using the baculovirus-insect cell system was investigated. A recombinant baculovirus that contained the JE virus (JEV) prM signal sequence and the genes encoding the precursor (prM) of the viral membrane protein (M) and the envelope glycoprotein (E) ...
Karlsson M - - 2012
Modulation of the immune response is an established feature of certain lactobacilli. CXCL8 is an inflammatory chemokine released by the urinary tract mucosa after contact with uropathogenic Escherichia coli during urinary tract infection and is crucial for proper infiltration of immune cells. Nevertheless, persistently high levels of CXCL8 are associated ...
Niepa Tagbo H R - - 2012
It is well recognized that bacterial populations commonly contain a small percentage of phenotypic variants, known as persister cells, which are dormant and extremely tolerant to antibiotics. When the antibiotic treatment is stopped, surviving persister cells can regenerate the bacterial population with a similar percentage of persister cells. Such persistence ...
D'Costa Susan M - - 2012
Chilo iridescent virus (CIV; the type strain of the genus Iridovirus) replicates productively in larvae of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis. This study focuses on characterizing productive infections of a boll weevil cell line, BRL-AG-3A (AG3A), starting with CIV reared in the waxworm, Galleria mellonella. We show that CIV can ...
Lu X X Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Ministry of Education of China, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin, - - 2012
To investigate inactivation effect and mechanism of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) activity against Campylobacter jejuni biofilms. ZnO NPs with concentrations of 0, 0·6, 1·2 and 6 mmol l(-1) were employed in antimicrobial tests against Camp. jejuni planktonic cells and biofilms. Campylobacter jejuni sessile cells in biofilms were more resistant to a low ...
Riazi S - - 2012
To determine the mechanism of action of antimicrobial protein, lactosporin, against Gardnerella vaginalis and to evaluate its safety in vitro. Bacillus coagulans ATCC 7050 was grown at 37°C for 18 h. The cell-free supernatant was concentrated 10-fold and screened for antimicrobial activity against indicator strain Micrococcus luteus. The mode of ...
Pratelli Annamaria - - 2012
Canine minute virus (CnMV) is a member of the Bocavirus genus, together with Bovine parvovirus (BPV), which emerged as a new pathogen of dogs in 1967. The genus Bocavirus gained more recognition after the recent identification of Human bocavirus in pooled specimens from the respiratory tract of children. The cell ...
van der Kooi-Pol Magdalena M - - 2012
Staphylococcus aureus is an important Gram-positive bacterial pathogen producing many secreted and cell surface-localized virulence factors. Here we report that the staphylococcal thiol-disulfide oxidoreductase DsbA is essential for stable biogenesis of the ComGC pseudopilin. The signal peptidase ComC is indispensable for ComGC maturation and optimal cell surface exposure.
Yang Hang - - 2012
As a potential antimicrobial, the bacteriophage lysin PlyG has been reported to specifically recognize Bacillus anthracis vegetative cells only and to kill B. anthracis vegetative cells and its germinating spores. However, how PlyG interacts with B. anthracis spores remains unclear. Herein, a 60-amino-acid domain in PlyG (residues 106 to 165), ...
Pratt Zachary L - - 2012
Salmonella enterica forms aseptate filaments with multiple nucleoids when cultured in hyperosmotic conditions. These osmotic-induced filaments are viable and form single colonies on agar plates even though they contain multiple genomes and have the potential to divide into multiple daughter cells. Introducing filaments that are formed during osmotic stress into ...
Sanada Takahiro - - 2012
Hantaviruses belong to the Bunyaviridae family and are maintained in wild rodents. Although VeroE6 cells, which originate from African green monkey kidney, are used widely in hantavirus research, isolation of hantaviruses from this cell line is difficult. To develop an efficient method of propagation and isolation of hantaviruses, we established ...
Singh Mk - - 2012
When buffalo embryonic stem (ES) cell-like cells that expressed surface markers SSEA-4, TRA-1-60, TRA-1-81, CD9 and CD90 and intracellular markers OCT4, SOX2 and FOXD3, as shown by immunofluorescence, and that expressed REX-1 and NUCLEOSTEMIN as confirmed by RT-PCR, were subjected to suspension culture in hanging drops in absence of LIF ...
Louwen Rogier - - 2012
Translocation across intestinal epithelial cells is an established pathogenic feature of the zoonotic bacterial species Campylobacter jejuni. The number of C. jejuni virulence factors known to be involved in translocation is limited. In the present study, we investigated whether sialylation of C. jejuni lipooligosaccharide (LOS) structures, generating human nerve ganglioside ...
Turchi Luana - - 2012
Bacillus mycoides is a sporogenic Gram-positive soil bacillus of the B. cereus group. This bacillus, which forms hyphal colonies, is composed of cells connected in filaments that make up bundles and turn clock- or counterclockwise depending on the strain. A thick peptidoglycan wall gives the rod cells of these bacilli ...
Nakato Gaku - - 2012
Brucella abortus is a Gram-negative bacterium causing brucellosis. Although B. abortus is known to infect via the oral route, the entry site in the gastrointestinal tract has been unclear. We found that B. abortus was selectively internalized by microfold cells (M cells), a subset of epithelial cells specialized for mucosal ...
Somvanshi Vishal S VS Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, - - 2012
Microbial populations stochastically generate variants with strikingly different properties, such as virulence or avirulence and antibiotic tolerance or sensitivity. Photorhabdus luminescens bacteria have a variable life history in which they alternate between pathogens to a wide variety of insects and mutualists to their specific host nematodes. Here, we show that ...
Basler M - - 2012
The bacterial type 6 secretion system (T6SS) functions as a virulence factor capable of attacking both eukaryotic and prokaryotic target cells by a process that involves protein transport through a contractile bacteriophage tail-like structure. The T6SS apparatus is composed, in part, of an exterior sheath wrapped around an interior tube. ...
Erwin Daniel P - - 2012
Vibrio parahaemolyticus pandemic serotype O3 : K6 causes acute gastroenteritis, wound infections and septicaemia in humans. This organism encodes two type III secretion systems (T3SS1 and T3SS2); host-cell cytotoxicity has been attributed to T3SS1. Synthesis and secretion of T3SS1 proteins is positively regulated by ExsA, which is presumptively regulated by the ExsCDE ...
Mejías Carpio Isis E - - 2012
It is critical to develop highly effective antimicrobial agents that are not harmful to humans and do not present adverse effects on the environment. Although antimicrobial studies of graphene-based nanomaterials are still quite limited, some researchers have paid particular attention to such nanocomposites as promising candidates for the next generation ...
Zhao Qian - - 2012
Cell immobilization has the ability to influence the survival and functional characteristics of probiotic bacterial strains in harsh environments. This study investigated the effect of cell immobilization and passage through a simulated gastrointestinal tract (GI) on the antibacterial activity of Lactobacillus reuteri DPC16. Antibacterial activity, reuterin production and diol dehydratase ...
Alberdi M Pilar - - 2012
As well as being vectors of many viral, bacterial, and protozoan pathogens of medical and veterinary importance, ticks harbour a variety of microorganisms which are not known to be pathogenic for vertebrate hosts. Continuous cell lines established from ixodid and argasid ticks could be infected with such endosymbiotic bacteria and ...
Roh Seon Ae - - 2012
Identification of subgroups of patients who differ in their response to treatment could help to establish which of the best available chemotherapeutic options are best, based on biological activity. In metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC), novel molecular-targeted agents that act on pathways that regulate cell growth, the cell cycle, apoptosis, angiogenesis, ...
Rendueles Olaya O Institut Pasteur, Unité de Génétique des Biofilms, Département de Microbiologie, 25-28 rue du Dr Roux, F-75015 Paris, - - 2013
Bacterial extracellular polysaccharides have been shown to mediate many of the cell-to-cell and cell-to-surface interactions that are required for the formation, cohesion and stabilization of bacterial biofilms. However, recent studies have identified several bacterial polysaccharides that inhibit biofilm formation by a wide spectrum of bacteria and fungi both in vitro ...
Sheikh Sumbla - - 2012
The main use of glycopeptide antibiotics is treatment of infections which are resistant to the commonly used β-lactam antibiotics. Antitumor activity has also been reported for some glycopeptide antibiotics like bleomycin. In the present study we investigated the chemotherapeutic and diagnostic potential of two imaging agent derivatives of the glycopeptide ...
Moskovszky Linda - - 2012
J Oral Pathol Med (2012) Background:  Giant cell tumour of bone (GCTB) is an osteolytic tumour which contains numerous osteoclast-like giant cells and a proliferation of mononuclear stromal cells (MSC). Giant cell-rich osteolytic lesions can also develop in the jaw bones in Noonan syndrome, a cherubism-like developmental abnormality that is ...
Nanbo Asuka - - 2012
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a human gamma herpesvirus, establishes a life-long latent infection in B lymphocytes and epithelial cells following primary infection. Several lines of evidence indicate that the efficiency of EBV infection in epithelial cells is accelerated up to 10(4)-fold by coculturing with EBV-infected Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells compared to ...
Liu Bo - - 2012
Many human milk glycans inhibit pathogen binding to host receptors and their consumption by infants is associated with reduced risk of disease. Salmonella infection is more frequent among infants than among the general population, but the incidence is lower in breast-fed babies, suggesting that human milk could contain components that ...
Singh Parminder - - 2012
A perturbation of FtsZ assembly dynamics has been shown to inhibit bacterial cytokinesis. In this study, the antibacterial activity of 151 rhodanine compounds was assayed using Bacillus subtilis cells. Out of 151 compounds,8 compounds strongly inhibited bacterial proliferation at 2 µM. Subsequently, we used the elongation of B.subtilis cells as ...
Gellatly Shaan L - - 2012
The adaptation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to its environment, including the host, is tightly controlled by its network of regulatory systems. The two-component regulatory system PhoPQ has been shown to play a role in the virulence and polymyxin resistance of P. aeruginosa as well as several other Gram-negative species. Dysregulation of ...
Crawford Jason M JM Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
Two gram-negative insect pathogens, Xenorhabdus nematophila and Photorhabdus luminescens, produce rhabduscin, an amidoglycosyl- and vinyl-isonitrile-functionalized tyrosine derivative. Heterologous expression of the rhabduscin pathway in Escherichia coli, precursor-directed biosynthesis of rhabduscin analogs, biochemical assays, and visualization using both stimulated Raman scattering and confocal fluorescence microscopy established rhabduscin's role as a potent ...
Argaw Takele - - 2012
Replication-competent porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) are either human cell tropic (PERV-A and PERV-B) or non-human cell tropic (PERV-C). We previously demonstrated that PERV in vitro cell tropism is modulated by 2 residues within the C terminus of SU and that the PERV receptor binding domain (RBD) extends beyond the variable ...
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