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Results 201 - 250 of 975
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Singh Shailendra P - - 2011
Similar to other bacteria, cyanobacteria exist in a wide-ranging diversity of shapes and sizes. However, three general shapes are observed most frequently: spherical, rod and spiral. Bacteria can also grow as filaments of cells. Some filamentous cyanobacteria have differentiated cell types that exhibit distinct morphologies: motile hormogonia, nitrogen-fixing heterocysts, and ...
Chung Goh Eun - - 2011
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a hydrophilic bile acid, has been shown to inhibit mitogenic signaling and suppressing cell proliferation in colonic tumorigenesis. The transcription of DLC1 (deleted in liver cancer), a tumor suppressor gene, is frequently silenced in various types of human cancer. In this study, we postulated that UDCA may ...
Wasylishen A R - - 2011
The ability of Myc to promote cellular transformation is well established; however, a better understanding of the mechanisms through which Myc mediates tumorigenesis is essential for the development of therapeutic approaches to target this potent oncoprotein. Structure-function studies in rodent fibroblast cells have provided the basis for much of our ...
Jun Do Youn - - 2011
To examine anti-adipogenic activity of 2-carbomethoxy-2,3-epoxy-3-prenyl-1,4-naphthoquinone (CMEP-NQ) isolated from the roots of Rubia cordifolia L., its effects on cell viability, apoptosis, and adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were investigated. The inhibitory effect of CMEP-NQ on cell viability was more significant in differentiated mature adipocytes than in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. In 3T3-L1 cells, ...
Guven Esra Pamukcu - - 2011
Biocompatibility of pulp capping materials is important for successful use in dentistry. These materials should be nontoxic and permissive for proliferation and induction of odontogenic differentiation of pulp cells. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of enamel matrix derivative (EMD), mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and calcium ...
Gan Chai Phei - - 2012
There are limited studies on the effects of drugs that modulate epigenetic regulation for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). This study determined the effect of valproic acid (VPA) on HNSCC. Growth inhibition effects of VPA alone or in combination with 5-aza-2'deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) or all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) was ...
De Kock Joery - - 2011
In the present study, the trilineage differentiation capacity of human foreskin-derived precursor cells (hSKP) was evaluated upon exposure to various (non)commercial (i-ii) ectodermal, (iii) mesodermal and (iv) endodermal differentiation media. (i) Upon sequential exposure of the cells to keratinocyte growth (CnT07® or CnT057®) and differentiation (CnT02® or Epilife®) media, keratinocyte-like ...
Rong Junbo - - 2011
To investigate the effects of all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) on the barrier function in human retinal pigment epithelial cells, ARPE-19 cells were cultured on the filters as monolayer with atRA being added in the apical side. The change of epithelial permeability was observed from the measurement of transepithelial electrical resistance ...
Ho Ruth - - 2011
Neuroblastomas (NBs) with favorable outcome usually express TrkA, whereas unfavorable NBs frequently express TrkB and its cognate ligand BDNF. P75 (p75(LNTR), NGFR, TNFRSF16) binds NGF-related neurotrophins with low affinity and usually is coexpressed with Trk receptors in NBs. Here, we investigated the importance of p75 coexpression with Trk receptors in ...
Kumar Sachin - - 2011
Recent research suggests vivid possibility of nitrite therapy against various pathological conditions. Moreover, chronic nitrite therapy offers protection against ischemia and augments endothelial cell proliferation through unknown mechanisms. Nitrite mediated augmentation in the number of circulating neutrophils has also been reported, however the exact mechanism is not known. In the ...
Ono Hiromasa - - 2011
Cellular dedifferentiation signifies the withdrawal of cells from a specific differentiated state to a stem cell-like undifferentiated state. However, the mechanism of dedifferentiation remains obscure. Here we performed comparative transcriptome analyses during dedifferentiation in mature adipocytes (MAs) to identify the transcriptional signatures of multipotent dedifferentiated fat (DFAT) cells derived from ...
Miyayama Takamitsu - - 2011
Copper chaperone for SOD1 (CCS) specifically delivers copper (Cu) to copper, zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) in cytoplasm of mammalian cells. In the present study, small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting CCS was introduced into metallothionein-knockout mouse fibroblasts (MT-KO cells) and their wild type cells (MT-WT cells) to reveal the interactive role ...
Lykke-Andersen Søren - - 2011
Comment on: Mapendano CK, et al. Mol Cell 2010; 40:410-22.
Su Li-Ting - - 2011
TRPM7 (transient receptor potential melastatin 7) is a Ca²+- and Mg²+-permeant ion channel in possession of its own kinase domain. As a kinase, the protein has been linked to the control of actomyosin contractility, whereas the channel has been found to regulate cell adhesion as well as cellular Mg²+ homoeostasis. ...
Rakib Md Abdur - - 2011
The anti-tumor promotional effects of t9,t11-conjugated linoleic acid (t9,t11-CLA) and t10,t12-CLA were evaluated on the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced inhibition of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in the human mammary epithelial cell line MCF-10A. The results were compared to those obtained from c9,t11-CLA, which is a more effective anti-tumor promoter on TPA-induced ...
Depaoli Henrique C - - 2011
• A cDNA encoding a small lysine-rich protein of unknown function was identified in a tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) stigma/style suppression subtractive hybridization cDNA library. After its characterization, the corresponding gene was designated stigma/style cell cycle inhibitor 1 (SCI1). • Fluorescence microscopy with an SCI1-GFP protein fusion demonstrated its nuclear localization, ...
Blagg Simone L SL Faculty of Life Sciences, Michael Smith Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, - - 2011
Differential cell motility, which plays a key role in many developmental processes, is perhaps most evident in examples of pattern formation in which the different cell types arise intermingled before sorting out into discrete tissues. This is thought to require heterogeneities in responsiveness to differentiation-inducing signals that result in the ...
Sakane Chiharu - - 2011
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plays crucial roles in cell survival and differentiation of neuroblastoma cells. In the present study, we investigated the effects of geranylgeranoic acid (GGA), an acyclic retinoid, on differentiation and tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB) gene expression in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells in comparison with ATRA. GGA induced ...
Zhang Haiyuan H California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, California, - - 2011
Most in vitro toxicity studies on engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) use transformed rather than primary cells for logistical reasons. However, primary cells may provide a more appropriate connection to in vivo toxicity because these cells maintain their phenotypic fidelity and are also capable of differentiating into lineages that may be differently ...
Yutani Masahiro - - 2011
Sporulation of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is negatively regulated by cyclic AMP (cAMP). This microbial cell differentiation process was applied for the screening of a substance that can elevate the intracellular cAMP level. Among nucleoside 5'-alkylphosphates, uridine 5'-eicosylphosphate (UMPC20) selectively and predominantly inhibited ascospore formation of the yeast cells. We ...
Varaud Emilie - - 2011
Plant organ growth and final size are determined by coordinated cell proliferation and expansion. The BIGPETALp (BPEp) basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor was shown to limit Arabidopsis thaliana petal growth by influencing cell expansion. We demonstrate here that BPEp interacts with AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR8 (ARF8) to affect petal growth. This ...
Nakagami Gojiro - - 2011
Quorum sensing is a cell density-dependent gene regulation system in bacteria. N-(3-oxododecanoyl) homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C12-HSL) is used in the las quorum-sensing system in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which is an opportunistic pathogen that causes many human diseases. Although many studies have investigated the sole effects of quorum sensing on several types of ...
Kimura Kazuhiro - - 2011
The corneal epithelium functions as a barrier to protect the cornea from external agents such as infectious organisms and toxins and thereby contributes to corneal homeostasis. The barrier function of epithelia is dependent on the formation of tight and adherens junctions between adjacent epithelial cells. We have previously shown that ...
Li Guanwu - - 2011
Arsenic and its derivatives are naturally occurring metalloid compounds widely distributed in the environment. Arsenics are known to cause cancers of the skin, liver, lung, kidney, and bladder. Although numerous carcinogenic pathways have been proposed, the exact molecular mechanisms remain to be delineated. To further characterize the role of oxidative ...
Huang Shih-Ming - - 2011
2-Phenyl-4-quinolone series compounds have exhibited growth inhibitory influence on several human cancer cell lines. In this study, we investigated the effects of 2-(3-(methylamino)phenyl)-6-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)quinolin-4-one (Smh-3) on viability, cell cycle and apoptotic cell death which occurred in different leukemia cell lines (HL-60, U937 and K562) in a dose- and time-dependent manner, but ...
Yin Juanjuan - - 2011
Although abnormal aggregation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is involved in several neurodegenerative diseases, its biological functions remain poorly understood, which limits our understanding of its pathogenic mechanisms. α-Syn exhibits MAP-like activity and promotes the assembly of microtubules. Since microtubules play a pivotal role in proliferative cell division, it is possible that ...
Xiong Lei - - 2011
Arrest of cell differentiation is one of the leading causes of leukemia and other cancers. Induction of cell differentiation using pharmaceutical agents has been clinically attempted for the treatment of these cancers. Epigenetic regulation may be one of the underlying molecular mechanisms controlling cell proliferation or differentiation. Here, we report ...
Bueno María José - - 2011
The control of cell proliferation by microRNAs (miRNAs) is well established and the alteration of these small, non-coding RNAs may contribute to tumor development by perturbing critical cell cycle regulators. Oncogenic miRNAs may facilitate cell cycle entry and progression by targeting CDK inhibitors or transcriptional repressors of the retinoblastoma family. ...
Jeansonne Duane P - - 2011
The combination of paclitaxel (PTX) and topoisomerase I inhibitors such as camptothecin (CPT) constitutes a therapeutic strategy based on anticipated synergism. However, previous in vitro studies have generated contradictory findings for this strategy. The interaction between these drugs can be synergistic or antagonistic, depending on the cell type examined. To ...
Babitha Sumathy - - 2011
In vitiligo, the active melanocytes in the epidermis are totally missing, whereas melanoblast cells in the outer root sheath of hair follicles are not affected. In an attempt to find potent repigmenting agents for vitiligo therapy, pod extracts of Cassia occidentalis was found to be effective in inducing differentiation and ...
Park Sun-Hye - - 2011
Despite current molecular evidence suggesting that hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) plays an important role during HBV-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis, the detailed mechanism is still controversial. Here we report that HBx overcomes cellular senescence provoked by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in HepG2 cells, as demonstrated by the impaired induction of a ...
Sztrum Abelardo Andrés - - 2011
Nickel, a widely distributed heavy metal in the biosphere produces systemic, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects. The objectives of the present study are to report the acute, short term chronic and chronic toxicity of Ni in Rhinella arenarum embryos as well as the stage dependent susceptibility to this heavy metal including ...
Negrotto Soledad - - 2011
Current drug therapy for metastatic renal cell cancer (RCC) results in temporary disease control but not cure, necessitating continued investigation into alternative mechanistic approaches. Drugs that inhibit chromatin-modifying enzymes involved in transcription repression (chromatin-relaxing drugs) could have a role, by inducing apoptosis and/or through differentiation pathways. At low doses, the ...
Alves Paiva Raquel de Melo - - 2011
The present article describes an L-amino acid oxidase from Bothrops atrox snake venom as with antiprotozoal activities in Trypanosoma cruzi and in different species of Leishmania (Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania donovani and Leishmania major). Leishmanicidal effects were inhibited by catalase, suggesting that they are mediated by H(2)O(2) production. Leishmania spp cause ...
Long Xiao-Hui - - 2011
Lanthanides (Lns) compounds have been reported to possess contrary effects on cell activity, i.e., promoting cell cycle progression and cell growth by lower concentration treatment, but suppressing cell proliferation and inducing cell apoptosis at higher dosing. However, the cellular processes during the intervention and the possible underlying mechanisms are still ...
Choi Kyeong-Mi - - 2011
FRAXINUS RHYNCHOPHYLLA showed significant inhibitory activity on adipocyte differentiation in the 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cell line as assessed by measuring fat accumulation using Oil Red O staining. Further fractionation led to the isolation of two secoiridoids, oleuropein and hydroxyframoside B. Hydroxyframoside B significantly reduced fat accumulation and triglyceride content in differentiated ...
Klosinska Maja M - - 2011
We conducted a phenotypic, transcriptional, metabolic, and genetic analysis of quiescence in yeast induced by starvation of prototrophic cells for one of three essential nutrients (glucose, nitrogen, or phosphate) and compared those results with those obtained with cells growing slowly due to nutrient limitation. These studies address two related questions: ...
Davidson George S - - 2011
As yeast cultures enter stationary phase in rich, glucose-based medium, differentiation of two major subpopulations of cells, termed quiescent and nonquiescent, is observed. Differences in mRNA abundance between exponentially growing and stationary-phase cultures and quiescent and nonquiescent cells are known, but little was known about protein abundance in these cells. ...
Kalkat Manpreet - - 2011
Comment on: Agrawal P, et al. Cell Cycle 2010; 9:4908-4921.
Kesari Santosh - - 2011
Commentary to: Fos-related antigen 1 (Fra-1) pairing with and transactivation of JunB in GBM cells Waldemar Debinski and Denise M. Gibo.
Yongsheng Jia - - 2011
Antitumor effects of erythromycin and the related mechanism were investigated in the present study. Neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) were exposed to erythromycin at different concentrations for different durations. Cell proliferation was measured by cell counting, and cell viability was examined by MTT assay. Cell cycle phase distribution and the cytosolic calcium ...
Guan Fuqin - - 2011
Triterpene saponins are throught to be potential anti-tumour agents in many cell types. This study aims to evaluate the cytotoxic activity and mechanism of a triterpene saponin, macranthoside B (MB), isolated from Lonicera macranthoides Hand.-Mazz. (Caprifoliaceae). A cell viability assay showed that MB inhibited cell growth of a panel of ...
Baracho G V - - 2011
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) defines a family of lipid kinases that direct a wide range of cellular processes and cell fate decisions. Since its discovery, and that of its enzymatic antagonist PTEN, much of the focus on PI3K has been on its oncogenic potential. In recent years, studies on PI3K signaling ...
Yoon Hee Eun - - 2011
It was previously shown that 14-3-3η is overexpressed in the synovial fluid of patients with joint inflammation, which is often associated with growth failure. In this study, we investigated the role of 14-3-3η in chondrogenesis using ATDC5 cells. Upon treatment with TNF-α, cells overexpressed 14-3-3η with inhibition of chondrogenesis. Chondrogenesis ...
Leach Michelle D MD School of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Institute of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, - - 2011
Post-translational modifications of proteins play key roles in eukaryotic growth, differentiation and environmental adaptation. In model systems the ubiquitination of specific proteins contributes to the control of cell cycle progression, stress adaptation and metabolic reprogramming. We have combined molecular, cellular and proteomic approaches to examine the roles of ubiquitination in ...
Zhang Yong - - 2011
Arsenic is a known human carcinogen. However, the mechanism of how arsenic induces cell transformation remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that long-term exposure to sodium arsenite at low-dose (2 µM) increases cell proliferation and neoplastic transformation in a mouse epidermal cell model, JB6 promotion-susceptible cells. The phosphorylation of AKT ...
Kaur Manjinder - - 2011
Abnormalities in cell cycle progression provide unlimited replicative potential to cancer cells, and therefore targeting of key cell cycle regulators could be a sound cancer chemopreventive strategy. Earlier, we found that grape seed extract (GSE) increases Cip/p21 protein level and inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in human colon carcinoma HT29 ...
Zhi Lei - - 2011
G-rich oligonucleotides (GROs) can inhibit cell proliferation by inducing cell cycle arrest at S phase in tumor cell lines. GROs bind specific cellular proteins, such as nucleolin, a crucial protein interacting with P53; however, little is known about the relationship between GROs and P53. In this study, we have shown ...
Muñoz Marcelo A - - 2011
Riboflavin (RF) is an endogenous cell component and an efficient photosensitizer that can act by both types I and II photochemical mechanisms. Human tumor cells lines cultured in vitro, were used as model to study the effect of a photosensitizer synthesized from riboflavin, the 2',3',4',5'-riboflavin-tetrabutyrate (RTB), to increase the flavin ...
Lehner Josef - - 2011
Filamentous cyanobacteria of the order Nostocales are primordial multicellular organisms, a property widely considered unique to eukaryotes. Their filaments are composed of hundreds of mutually dependent vegetative cells and regularly spaced N(2) -fixing heterocysts, exchanging metabolites and signaling molecules. Furthermore, they may differentiate specialized spore-like cells and motile filaments. However, ...
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