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Nakamura Shoko - - 2012
As a tool to understand the role of mucins in the infection of respiratory viruses, we established cell lines stably expressing inactive mutants of UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminlytransferase 3 (GALNT3), which initiates O-glycosylation of mucins. We introduced single-amino-acid mutations into the regions essential for the enzyme activity of GALNT3 using the expression ...
Lockhart Michelle G - - 2012
Coxiella burnetii is an obligate intracellular bacterium that causes the disease Q fever. This is usually diagnosed by serology (IFA) and/or PCR detection of C. burnetii DNA. However, neither of these methods can determine the viability of the bacterium. Four different cell lines were compared for their ability to amplify very ...
KrzymiƄska Sylwia - - 2012
We investigated interactions of human isolates of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex strains with epithelial cells. The results showed that bacterial contact with the cells as well as adhesion and invasion were required for induction of cytotoxicity. The infected cells revealed hallmarks of apoptosis characterized by cell shrinking, condensed chromatin, and internucleosomal ...
Kim Hyeon Young - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of veterinary antibiotics, including amoxicillin (AMX), chlortetracycline (CTC) and tylosin (TYL), on the biochemical mechanism of human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293). CTC and TYL inhibited HEK293 cell proliferation, in both time- and dose-dependent manners, and changed the cell morphology; whereas, ...
Kim Hyo-Jin - - 2012
Elk prion protein (PrP<sup>C</sup>) has been confirmed capable of rendering rabbit epithelial RK13 cells permissive to temporal infection by chronic wasting disease (CWD) prions. The present study satisfactorily generated persistently CWD prion affected RK13 cells (RKC1-11) using elk PrP<sup>C</sup> expressing cells (elkRK13) that were generated via the lentiviral expression system ...
Ivanova Elena P - - 2012
Natural superhydrophobic surfaces are often thought to have antibiofouling potential due to their self-cleaning properties. However, when incubated on cicada wings, Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells are not repelled; instead they are penetrated by the nanopillar arrays present on the wing surface, resulting in bacterial cell death. Cicada wings are effective antibacterial, ...
Sana Thibault G TG Aix-Marseille Université et CNRS, Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Systèmes Macromoléculaires, UMR7255, 13402 Marseille cedex 20, - - 2012
The genome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 contains three type VI secretion systems (T6SSs) called H1-, H2-, and H3-T6SS. The H1-T6SS secretes three identified toxins that target other bacteria, providing a fitness advantage for P. aeruginosa, and likely contributes to bacterial pathogenesis in chronic infections. However, no specific substrates or defined ...
Li-Hua Wu - - 2012
Objective To study the role of the feeder layer cells as niche in the process of expansion of late endothelial progenitor cell in vitro. Methods We cultured mononuclear cells (MNC)from human peripheral blood (PB)on the plate with the feeder layer cells which were irradiated late endothelial progenitor cells(EPC)or human umbilical ...
Hyo Yukiyoshi - - 2012
Burow's solution has been shown to be effective against chronic suppurative otitis media and otitis externa. We demonstrated that Burow's solution had antibacterial effects against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, inducing ultrastructural changes in these bacteria in vitro. S. aureus strain 209P and P. aeruginosa strain IID1130 were treated with ...
Ayaki Masahiko - - 2012
To determine the cytotoxicity of antibiotic eyedrops to ocular surface cells using a semi-quantitative method, a range of commercially available antibiotic eyedrops were assessed by using three corneal cell lines and one conjunctival cell line. All antibiotic solutions were free of benzalkonium chloride. Cell viability was determined by the MTT ...
Lin Ann E - - 2012
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is an extracellular pathogen that alters many host subcellular components during its infectious processes. We have previously shown that EPEC hijacks a large assortment of host cell endocytic components and uses these proteins to form protruding structures called "pedestals" rather than triggering internalization of the bacteria. ...
Hamon Mélanie Anne - - 2012
Listeriolysin O (LLO) is a toxin produced by Listeria monocytogenes, an opportunistic bacterial pathogen responsible for the disease listeriosis. This disease starts with the ingestion of contaminated foods and mainly affects immunocompromised individuals, newborns, and pregnant women. In the laboratory, L. monocytogenes is used as a model organism to study ...
Park Sungdo - - 2012
Jpk, a tran-acting regulatory factor associating with the position-specific regulatory element of Hoxa-7, has been reported to induce cell death in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells upon overexpression. The N- and C-terminal deleted variants of Jpk were constructed and then the toxicity of each construct was analyzed by checking the ...
Mocca Brian - - 2012
In mammalian cells, nitric oxide (NO·) is an important signal molecule with concentration-dependent and often controversial functions of promoting cell survival and inducing cell death. An inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in various mammalian cells produces higher levels of NO· from l-arginine upon infections to eliminate pathogens. In this study, ...
Pryjma Mark - - 2012
Campylobacter jejuni is a food-borne bacterial pathogen that colonizes the intestinal tract and causes severe gastroenteritis. Interaction with host epithelial cells is thought to enhance severity of disease, and the ability of C. jejuni to modulate its metabolism in different in vivo and environmental niches contributes to its success as ...
Daniel-Hoffmann Miriam - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The antibacterial effect of the organo-tellurium compound AS101 on the Gram-negative bacterium Enterobacter cloacae is shown in this study for the first time. METHODS: The antimicrobial effect of the drug was shown by inhibition of growth, by inhibition of biofilm formation and by its ability to penetrate the bacterial ...
Ouellette Scot P - - 2012
Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacterial pathogens that have extensively reduced their genome in adapting to the intracellular environment. The chlamydial genome contains only three annotated cell division genes and lacks ftsZ. How this obligate intracellular pathogen divides is uncharacterized. Chlamydiae contain two high molecular weight (HMW) penicillin-binding proteins (Pbp) implicated ...
Imbuluzqueta Edurne - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate different hydrophobic gentamicin formulations [gentamicin-bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (GEN-AOT), microstructured GEN-AOT (PCA GEN-AOT) and GEN-AOT-loaded poly(lactide-co-glycolide) acid (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs)] in view of improving its therapeutic index against intracellular bacteria. The intracellular accumulation, subcellular distribution and intracellular activity of GEN-AOT and NPs in ...
Wang Hai-Rong - - 2012
Aim:Over-expressed CHMP5 was found to act as oncogene that probably participated in leukemogenesis. In this study, we constructed the CHMP5 single chain variable fragment antibody (CHMP5-scFv) retrovirus and studied the changes of programmed cell death (PCD) of AML leukemic cells after infection by the retrovirus.Methods:The anti-CHMP5 KC14 hybridoma cell line ...
Paredes-Sabja Daniel - - 2012
Clostridium difficile is the causative agent of the majority of antibiotic associated diarrheas. C. difficile spores are recognized as the morphotype of transmission, infection and persistence. However, there is a lack of knowledge on how C. difficile spores interact with the host's epithelial surfaces. In this context, we have characterized ...
Kang Zizhen Z Department of Immunology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2012
Interleukin-25 (IL-25 or IL-17E), a member of the structurally related IL-17 family, functions as an important mediator of T helper 2 cell-type (type 2) responses. We examined the cell type-specific role of IL-25-induced Act1-mediated signaling in protective immunity against helminth infection. Targeted Act1 deficiency in epithelial cells resulted in a ...
Grasela James J - - 2012
The unintentional introduction of the cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum, a successful biological control agent formerly employed in the control of invasive prickly pear cactus species (Opuntia spp.) in Australia, Hawaii, South Africa, and various Caribbean islands, has posed great concern as to the possible threat to native, endangered species of ...
Paviolo Natalia S - - 2012
We analyzed the chromosomal aberrations involving telomeres in the progeny of mammalian cells exposed to the radiomimetic compound bleomycin (BLM) in order to determine if this antineoplastic drug induces long-term telomere instability. To this end, rat cells (ADIPO-P2 cell line, derived from adipose cells from Sprague-Dawley rat) were treated with ...
Ferrero Mariana C - - 2012
In spite of the frequent acquisition of Brucella infection by the oral route in humans, the interaction of the bacterium with cells of the intestinal mucosa has been poorly studied. Here we show that different Brucella species can invade human colonic epithelial cell lines (Caco-2 and HT-29), in which only ...
Price Katherine E - - 2012
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major causative agent of otitis media, pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis. Pneumolysin (Ply), a member of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDCs), is produced by virtually all clinical isolates of S. pneumoniae, and ply mutant strains are severely attenuated in mouse models of colonization and infection. In contrast to ...
Li Xuan - - 2012
A continuous cell line derived from the pupal ovary of Spodoptera exigua was established by treating primary cells with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). Three days after treating cells with 3.0 μg/ml of MNNG, the cells formed a monolayer and were initially subcultured 60 d after the MNNG was removed, followed by subculturing for 30 ...
Lin Heng-Ju - - 2012
Piscidin-1, a 22-residue cationic peptide isolated from mast cells of a hybrid striped bass, has potent antimicrobial activities against both gram-positive and -negative bacteria. To date, there is no report of its antitumor activity on any tumor cell lines. In this study, we examined the antitumor activity of a synthetic ...
Togami K - - 2012
We have shown that clarithromycin (CAM), a macrolide antibiotic, more highly distributes from plasma to lung epithelium lining fluid (ELF), the infection site of pathogens, than azithromycin (AZM) and telithromycin (TEL). Transporter(s) expressed on lung epithelial cells may contribute to the distribution of the compiunds to the ELF. However, distribution ...
Matsumura Kyohei - - 2012
Freshly dissociated olfactory receptor cells (ORCs) are commonly used in electrophysiological research investigations of the physicochemical mechanisms of olfactory signal transduction. Because the morphology of cultured cells clearly becomes worse over time, the ORCs are examined traditionally within several days after dissociation. However, there has been a major concern that ...
Lu Xiaonan X School of Molecular Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-7520, - - 2012
Bacterial biofilms pose significant food safety risks because of their attachment to fomites and food surfaces, including fresh produce surfaces. The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the activity of selected antimicrobials on Campylobacter jejuni biofilms. C. jejuni biofilms and planktonic cells were treated with ciprofloxacin, erythromycin and ...
Podos Steven D - - 2012
Many bacterial infections involve slow or nondividing bacterial growth states and localized high cell densities. Antibiotics with demonstrated bactericidal activity rarely remain bactericidal at therapeutic concentrations under these conditions. The isothiazoloquinolone (ITQ) ACH-702 is a potent, bactericidal compound with activity against many antibiotic-resistant pathogens, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We ...
Wang Min - - 2012
Novel water-soluble decacationically armed C(60) and C(70) decaiodide monoadducts, C(60)- and C(70)[>M(C(3)N(6)(+)C(3))(2)], were synthesized, characterized, and applied as photosensitizers and potential nano-PDT agents against pathogenic bacteria and cancer cells. A high number of cationic charges per fullerene cage and H-bonding moieties were designed for rapid binding to the anionic residues ...
Hoshina Takayuki - - 2012
NKRP1A(+) γδ and αβ T cells play an important role at the early phase of Salmonella infection in mice. Meanwhile, association between NKRP1A(+) T cells and human Salmonella infection has not been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of the peripheral NKRP1A(+) T cells in ...
Cortez-San Martin M - - 2012
Streptococcus phocae is a beta-haemolytic bacterium that causes systemic infections in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., cultured in southern Chile and also in seals. In this study, the host-pathogen interaction between S. phocae and seven types of cell lines (fish and mammalian) was examined using an indirect fluorescent antibody and confocal ...
Zechner Ellen L - - 2012
Type IV secretion occurs across a wide range of prokaryotic cell envelopes: Gram-negative, Gram-positive, cell wall-less bacteria and some archaea. This diversity is reflected in the heterogeneity of components that constitute the secretion machines. Macromolecules are secreted in an ATP-dependent process using an envelope-spanning multi-protein channel. Similar to the type ...
Trevors J T - - 2012
In this perspective, we discuss the cytoplasm in actively growing bacterial cells contrasted with viable but nonculturable (VBNC) cells. Actively growing bacterial cells contain a more molecularly crowded and organized cytoplasm, and are capable of completing their cell cycle resulting in cell division. In contrast, nutrient starving bacteria in the ...
Trevors J T - - 2012
There is a paucity of knowledge on gene expression in dead bacterial cells. Why would this knowledge be useful? The cells are dead. However, the time duration of gene expression following cell death is often unknown, and possibly in the order of minutes. In addition, it is often a challenge ...
Kubo Takeru - - 2012
Chlamydia trachomatis L2 invasively attacks lymphatic and subepithelial tissues of the genital tract during the formation of primary lesions. This subsequently results in lymphadenopathy, and suggests a greater propensity for systemic dissemination. However, whether lymphocytes are a potential vehicle cell for the dissemination of this infection remains unknown. We therefore ...
Mingeot-Leclercq Marie-Paule - - 2012
The emergence of very multiresistant Gram-negative bacterial strains has reinstated polymyxins (polymyxin B, colistin), pentacationic lipopeptides, in the therapy, in spite of their nephrotoxicity. Extensive tubular reabsorption concentrates polymyxin in proximal tubular cells. The novel polymyxin derivatives NAB739, NAB7061 and NAB741 have their cyclic part identical to that of polymyxin ...
Ren Kangning - - 2012
A glass slide covered with bacteria is pressed into another glass slide coated with partially cured polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). The PDMS is hardened and the cells are removed to create a textured surface whose indentations preferentially capture the same type of bacteria when a mixture of bacteria is flowed over it. ...
Bai Mindong - - 2012
A new method for rapidly eliminating pathogenic microorganisms in large air space using spraying *OH radicals is presented in this paper With a physical method of strong electric-field discharge, large numbers of *OH radicals were produced by the oxygen activated particles of O2+, O(1D), O(3P), etc., and the introducing reagent ...
Passos Lygia Maria Friche - - 2012
Continuous cell lines have been established from several ixodid and argasid tick species, representing an excellent tool suitable for the isolation of pathogens and their subsequent propagation, which in turn allows the production of antigenic material for diagnostic tests, antibody and vaccine production, and also for studies on host-vector-pathogen relationships. ...
Ali Abubaker A - - 2012
Laboratory and clinical studies demonstrated a salutary effect of estradiol (E2) on pneumonia and other infectious complications after trauma, while dihydrotestosterone (DHT) failed to show a similar effect. Secretory immunoglobulin A is the principle antibody in the respiratory and other mucosal secretions. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) production and transport into the ...
He Dongxu - - 2012
AIMS: Trichosanthin (TCS) is a type I ribosome-inactivating protein. We have previously shown that TCS induces a more potent apoptosis in infected cells over uninfected cells, but the mechanism underlying it is unclear. In this study, we explored the anti-HSV-1 mechanism of TCS through the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and p53 ...
Sawada Takeshi - - 2012
The aim of this study was to characterize the uptake mechanism of gentamicin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic, in human renal proximal tubular cell line HK-2. Sodium-dependent uptake of d-[(3)H]glucose and l-[(3)H]alanine was observed in HK-2 cells, indicating that the cells employed in this study retain functional characteristics of the renal proximal ...
Rosales-Reyes Roberto - - 2012
We have previously reported that Salmonella infects B cells and survives within endosomal-lysosomal compartments. However, the mechanisms used by Salmonella to enter B cells remain unknown. In this study, we have shown that Salmonella induces its own entry by the induction of localized ruffling, macropinocytosis, and spacious phagosome formation. These ...
Zhukova Lyudmila V - - 2012
TiO(2) nanoparticles (NPs) activated by UV irradiation are known to have a bactericidal effect. In this study we report the details of TiO(2) NPs influence on the colony-forming capacity of E. coli in the dark at pH 4.0-4.5. At this pH the bacterial cells are negatively charged and TiO(2) NPs ...
Isaacson Wechsler Erin E Division of Virology, National Institute for Medical Research, London, United - - 2012
Infection with human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) can lead to low- or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL or HSIL). Here we show that these in vivo disease states can be replicated in raft cultures of early-pass HPV-16 episomal cell lines, at both the level of pathology and the level of ...
Paudel Nitika - - 2012
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is etiologically associated with the angioproliferative Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). KSHV infection and the expression of latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA-1) upregulates the angiogenic multifunctional 123-amino-acid, 14-kDa protein angiogenin (ANG), which is detected in KS lesions and in KSHV-associated primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) cells. ANG knockdown or the ...
Wang Wanjun - - 2012
Bismuth vanadate nanotube (BV-NT), synthesized by a template-free solvothermal method, was used as an effective visible-light-driven (VLD) photocatalyst for inactivation of Escherichia coli K-12. The mechanism of photocatalytic bacterial inactivation was investigated by employing multiple scavengers combined with a simple partition system. The VLD photocatalytic bacterial inactivation by BV-NT did ...
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