Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 9720
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Hung Chin-Sheng - - 2012
Survivin is an antiapoptotic molecule that is widely expressed in cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Survivin has become a general therapeutic target for cancers because of its selective overexpression in a majority of tumors. However, little is known regarding the effect of survivin expression in combination with gemcitabine on HCC. ...
Asada Rie - - 2012
OASIS is a basic leucine zipper transmembrane transcription factor localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that is cleaved in its transmembrane region in response to ER stress. This novel ER stress transducer has been demonstrated to express in osteoblasts and astrocytes and promote terminal maturation of these cells. Additionally, OASIS ...
Tian Yuan - - 2012
Living cells respond to changing environments by regulating their genes and activities. In unicellular organisms such as yeasts, the cell division cycle is coupled to the nutrient availability. However, it is unclear how tight this coupling is and how the intrinsic time scales of the different cell cycle processes respond ...
Arima Yoshimi - - 2012
We previously showed that depletion of the retinoblastoma protein (RB) induces down-regulation of the adhesion molecule E-cadherin and thereby triggers the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. To further characterize the effect of RB inactivation on the phenotype of cancer cells, we have now examined RB expression in human breast cancer cell lines and ...
Park Woo Hyun - - 2012
MG132 as a proteasome inhibitor can induce apoptotic cell death in lung cancer cells. However, little is known about the toxicological cellular effects of MG132 on normal primary lung cells. Here, we investigated the effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and vitamin C (well known antioxidants) or L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO; an ...
Awwad Yousef - - 2012
Study of cell signaling often requires examination of the cellular dynamics under variation in the stimulant concentration. Such variation has typically been conducted by dispensing cell populations in a number of chambers or wells containing discrete concentrations. Such practice adds to the complexity associated with experimental or device design and ...
Gerets H H J - - 2012
In the pharmaceutical industry, improving the early detection of drug-induced hepatotoxicity is essential as it is one of the most important reasons for attrition of candidate drugs during the later stages of drug development. The first objective of this study was to better characterize different cellular models (i.e., HepG2, HepaRG ...
Starr Tregei - - 2012
Autophagy is a cellular degradation process that can capture and eliminate intracellular microbes by delivering them to lysosomes for destruction. However, pathogens have evolved mechanisms to subvert this process. The intracellular bacterium Brucella abortus ensures its survival by forming the Brucella-containing vacuole (BCV), which traffics from the endocytic compartment to the ...
Zandberg Wesley F - - 2012
In a cell-based assay for novel inhibitors, we have discovered that two glycosides of 5-thiomannose, each containing an interglycosidic nitrogen atom, prevented the correct zymogen processing of the prohormone proopiomelanocortinin (POMC) and the transcription factor sterol-regulatory element-binding protein-2 (SREBP-2) in mouse pituitary cells and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, respectively. ...
D'Angelo Maximiliano A - - 2012
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are built from ∼30 different proteins called nucleoporins or Nups. Previous studies have shown that several Nups exhibit cell-type-specific expression and that mutations in NPC components result in tissue-specific diseases. Here we show that a specific change in NPC composition is required for both myogenic and ...
Rothenberg Ellen V EV Division of Biology 156-29, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. - - 2012
The T-cell development program is specifically triggered by Notch-Delta signaling, but most transcription factors needed to establish T-cell lineage identity also have crossover roles in other hematopoietic lineages. This factor sharing complicates full definition of the core gene regulatory circuits required for T-cell specification. But new advances illuminate the roles ...
Qureshi Omar S OS MRC Centre for Immune Regulation, School of Immunity and Infection, University of Birmingham Medical School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2012
CTLA-4 is one of the most important negative regulators of the T cell immune response. However, the subcellular distribution of CTLA-4 is unusual for a receptor that interacts with cell surface transmembrane ligands in that CTLA-4 is rapidly internalized from the plasma membrane. It has been proposed that T cell ...
Fritsch Helga H Division of Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2012
Unresolved questions remain concerning the derivation of the vagina with respect to the relative contributions from the Müllerian ducts, the urogenital sinus, and the Wolffian ducts. Recent molecular and cellular studies in rodents have opened up a large gap between the level of understanding of vaginal development in mice and ...
Bakos Jan - - 2012
Oxytocin, released in response to different physiological stimuli, could play a key role in reducing stress reaction. It was suggested that it has protective effect against inflammation and consequences of oxidative stress. Mechanisms how oxytocin effects mediated in the brain tissue are unclear. In this study, oxytocin effect on cell ...
Picarda Gaëlle - - 2012
Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a high-grade neoplasm arising in bones of children and adolescents. Survival rate decreases from greater than 50% to only 20% after 5 years for patients not responding to treatment or presenting metastases at diagnosis. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), which has strong antitumoral activity, is a promising ...
García-Hernández J - - 2012
Aims:  We have developed a direct viable count (DVC)-FISH procedure for quickly and easily discriminating between viable and nonviable cells of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus strains, the traditional yogurt bacteria. Methods and Results:  direct viable count method has been modified and adapted for Lact. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Strep. thermophilus analysis ...
Niiro Hiroaki - - 2012
The aberrant regulation of B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling allows unwanted B cells to persist, thereby potentially leading to autoimmunity and B-cell malignancies. Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (Cbl) proteins suppress BCR signaling; however, the molecular mechanisms that control Cbl function in human B cells remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that CIN85 (c-Cbl ...
Shen Xin - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim is to assess the effect of survivin knockdown on the radio- and chemosensitivity of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in nude mice. METHODS: Survivin messenger RNA and protein were detected by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Survivin and control small hairpin RNA (shRNA) ...
Schmitz Thomas - - 2012
Ischemic brain injury is widely modeled in vitro with paradigms of oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), which leads to cell death. The prevention and attenuation of brain injury by the tetracycline antibiotic minocycline has been attributed largely to suppression of microglial activation, but its benefits in oligodendrocyte cells have not been well ...
Garikipati Dilip K - - 2012
Myosatellite cells play an important role in mammalian muscle regeneration as they differentiate and fuse with mature fibers. In fish, they also contribute to postnatal growth and the formation of new fibers. The relative conservation of fish systems, however, is not well known nor are the underlying mechanisms that control ...
Pérez Elena - - 2012
Nanoparticles (NP) from mixtures of two poly(D,L-lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLC) copolymers, PLC 40/60 and PLC 86/14, with poly(D,L-lactide) (PDLLA) and PCL were prepared: PLC 40/60-PCL (25:75), PLC 86/14-PCL (75:25) and PLC 86/14-PLA (75:25). Tamoxifen was loaded with encapsulation efficiency between 65% and 75% (29.9-36.3 µg TMX/ mg NP). All selected systems showed spherical ...
Tang Qiuqiong - - 2012
Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) is a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction which is mediated by hapten-specific T cells. Strong haptens, such as 2, 4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) can induce it. Grape seed proanthocyanidins extract (GSPs), which is an antioxidant derived from grape seeds, has been reported to possess a variety of potent properties. However, few ...
van Opstal Angelique - - 2012
Inhibition of PKB activity using a highly selective PKB inhibitor resulted in inhibition of cell cycle progression only if cells were in early G1 phase at the time of addition of the inhibitor, as demonstrated by time-lapse cinematography. Addition of the inhibitor during mitosis up to 2 hours after mitosis, ...
Roche Yann - - 2012
Advances in fundamental physical and optical principles applied to novel fluorescence methods are currently resulting in rapid progress in cell biology and physiology. Instrumentation devised in pioneering laboratories is becoming commercially available, and study findings are now becoming accessible. The first results have concerned mainly higher eukaryotic cells but many ...
Wilkens Ludwig - - 2012
Objectives: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiolar carcinoma (CC) cell lines are used to analyze the basic mechanisms of carcinogenesis and target therapies. However, it is not yet clear which chromosomal aberrations are to be typically expected in such cell lines. It is also not clear whether there are prerequisites for ...
Pepper Matthew E - - 2012
The time variation in bioprinter output, i.e. the number of cells per printed drop, was studied over the length of a typical printing experiment. This variation impacts the cell population size of bioprinted samples, which should ideally be consistent. The variation in output was specifically studied in the context of ...
Murata Masayuki - - 2012
A large number of Escherichia coli cells become viable but nonculturable at early stationary phase, most of which are directed to lysis in cells with an enhanced active σ(E) level. In this study, we examined the effect of small noncoding RNAs, MicA and RybB, as σ(E) regulon as well as ...
Gao Liqian - - 2012
A library of 176 human phosphotyrosine-containing peptides was used to establish cell lysate binding profiles in a two colour microarray format. The resulting hits led to the pull-down and identification of biomarkers associated with cancer states.
Choudhury Debaditya - - 2012
The dissimilar cytoskeletal architecture in diverse cell types induces a difference in their deformability that presents a viable approach to separate cells in a non-invasive manner. We report on the design and fabrication of a robust and scalable device capable of separating a heterogeneous population of cells with variable degree ...
Male Keith B - - 2012
NCC derived from different biomass sources was probed for its plausible cytotoxicity by electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS). Two different cell lines, Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 insect cells and Chinese hamster lung fibroblast V79, were exposed to NCC and their spreading and viability were monitored and quantified by ECIS. Based on ...
Halbedel Sven - - 2012
DivIVA is a well-conserved coiled-coil protein present in most Gram-positive bacteria and has been implicated in division site selection, peptidoglycan biosynthesis and sporulation. DivIVA proteins bind lipid membranes and characteristically accumulate at curved membrane areas, i.e. the cell poles and the division site, to which they recruit various interaction partners. ...
Wissniowski Thaddäus Till - - 2012
The prognosis of pancreatic cancer remains disappointing due to a high intrinsic resistance against chemotherapeutic agents. Standard gemcitabine therapies have improved overall survival only marginally and recently, inhibition of the proteasome by the boronic acid derivative bortezomib has been introduced as a novel therapeutic strategy for solid and hematological malignancies ...
Lin Jia-Wei - - 2012
Neuroblastomas, an embryonic cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, often occur in young children. Honokiol, a small-molecule polyphenol, has multiple therapeutic effects and pharmacological activities. This study was designed to evaluate whether honokiol could pass through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and induce death of neuroblastoma cells and its possible mechanisms. ...
Allaume Xavier - - 2012
The rat parvovirus H-1PV is a promising anticancer agent given its oncosuppressive properties and the absence of known side effects in humans. H-1PV replicates preferentially in transformed cells, but the virus can enter both normal and cancer cells. Uptake by normal cells sequesters a significant portion of the administered viral ...
Ndour Papa Alioune - - 2012
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a common human herpesvirus. Infection with EBV is associated with several human malignancies in which the virus expresses a set of latent proteins, among which is latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1). LMP1 is able to transform numerous cell types and is considered the main oncogenic protein ...
Hong Shuhui - - 2012
53BP1 has been extensively studied as a key component of the DNA damage response, but little is known regarding the role of 53BP1 in preventing tumor development. The present study was designed to assess the impact of the modification of 53BP1 gene expression on the biological behavior of ovarian cancer ...
Cai Lei - - 2012
We present a method of tuning surface chemistry and nerve cell behavior by photo-cross-linking methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) monoacrylate (mPEGA) with hydrophobic, semicrystalline poly(ε-caprolactone) diacrylate (PCLDA) at various weight compositions of mPEGA (ø(m)) from 2 to 30%. Improved surface wettability is achieved with corresponding decreases in friction, water contact angle, and ...
Young Edmond W K - - 2012
An important problem in translational cancer research is our limited ability to functionally characterize behaviors of primary patient cancer cells and associated stromal cell types, and relate mechanistic understanding to therapy selection. Functional analyses of primary samples face at least 3 major challenges: limited availability of primary samples for testing, ...
Abu-Yousif Adnan O - - 2012
Targeted photosensitizer delivery to EGFR-expressing cells was achieved in the present study using a high purity, targeted photoimmunoconjugate (PIC). When the PDT agent, benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid ring A (BPD) was coupled to an EGFR-targeting antibody (cetuximab), we observed altered cellular localization and selective phototoxicity of EGFR-positive cells, but no phototoxicity ...
Radford Robert - - 2012
The primary cilium is an immotile sensory and signaling organelle found on the majority of mammalian cell types. Of the multitude of roles that the primary cilium performs, perhaps some of the most important include maintenance of differentiation, quiescence, and cellular polarity. Given that the progression of cancer requires disruption ...
Arencibia-Albite Francisco F Department of Physiology, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto - - 2012
The progressive augmentation of motor activity that results from repeated cocaine administration is termed behavioral sensitization. This phenomenon is thought to be a critical component in compulsive drug taking and relapse. Still, the cellular mechanisms that underlie sensitization remain elusive. Cocaine abuse, nonetheless, is known to evoke neuroplastic adaptations in ...
Wang Jian-Bo - - 2012
Three novel 2,6-modified Bodipy sensitizers were synthesized and evaluated for their use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Among them, dye B3, which carries a n-pentyl group at position 8, exhibits the best solar energy conversion efficiency (1.83 %). The results of this study provide a new strategy for the design of ...
Behrndt Martin - - 2012
How cells orchestrate their behavior during collective migration is a long-standing question. Using magnetic tweezers to apply mechanical stimuli to Xenopus mesendoderm cells, Weber et al. (2012) now reveal, in this issue of Developmental Cell, a cadherin-mediated mechanosensitive response that promotes cell polarization and movement persistence during the collective mesendoderm migration ...
Liskova Barbora - - 2012
The cellular and molecular pharmacology of the new class of anticancer drugs, in which CDK inhibitor bohemine and its analogues are coordinated to Pt(II) to form cisplatin derivatives, was investigated. The results revealed the unique anticancer profile of a cisplatin-derived platinum(II) dichlorido complex involving N(7)-coordinated bohemine (<b>C1</b>). Although the IC<sub>50</sub> ...
Chen Xi - - 2012
In multicellular organisms, cell-to-cell communication is of particular importance for the proper development and function of the organism as a whole. Intensive studies over the past three years suggesting horizontal transfer of secreted microRNAs (miRNAs) between cells point to a potentially novel role for these molecules in intercellular communication. Using ...
Lenhard Michael - - 2012
The transition from cell proliferation to cell expansion is critical for determining leaf size. Andriankaja et al. (2012) demonstrate that in leaves of dicotyledonous plants, a basal proliferation zone is maintained for several days before abruptly disappearing, and that chloroplast differentiation is required to trigger the onset of cell expansion.
Gibalová Lenka - - 2012
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a phenomenon in which cells become resistant to cytostatic drugs and other substances with diverse chemical structures and cytotoxicity mechanisms. The most often observed molecular mechanism for MDR includes high levels of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) - an ABCB1 member of the ABC drug transporter family. Overexpression of ...
Sai Ke - - 2012
Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) may be the initiating cells in glioblastoma (GBM) and contribute to the resistance of these tumors to conventional therapies. Development of novel chemotherapeutic agents and treatment approaches against GBM, especially those specifically targeting GSCs are thus necessary. In the present study, we found that a novel ...
Xue Xia - - 2012
Riccardin D is a macrocyclic bisbibenzyl compound extracted from liverwort plant Dumortiera hirsuta. Our previous study showed that riccardin D induced apoptosis of human leukemia cells by targeting DNA topoisomerase II (topo II). Riccardin D has been considered as a novel DNA topo II inhibitor and potential chemotherapeutic agent for ...
Bornstein S R - - 2012
Chromaffin cells probably are the most intensively studied of the neural crest derivates. They are closely related to the nervous system, share with neurons some fundamental mechanisms and thus were the ideal model to study the basic mechanisms of neurobiology for many years. The lessons we have learned from chromaffin ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >