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Fouillade Charles - - 2012
The Notch signaling pathway is a highly conserved cell-cell signaling mechanism that plays a central role in the development and maturation of most vertebrate organs. In vertebrates, Notch receptors, several ligands and components of the downstream signaling machinery are expressed in the vessel. Over the past decade, numerous studies have ...
Rothenberg Ellen V EV Division of Biology 156-29, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. - - 2012
The T-cell development program is specifically triggered by Notch-Delta signaling, but most transcription factors needed to establish T-cell lineage identity also have crossover roles in other hematopoietic lineages. This factor sharing complicates full definition of the core gene regulatory circuits required for T-cell specification. But new advances illuminate the roles ...
Zandberg Wesley F WF Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, - - 2012
In a cell-based assay for novel inhibitors, we have discovered that two glycosides of 5-thiomannose, each containing an interglycosidic nitrogen atom, prevented the correct zymogen processing of the prohormone proopiomelanocortinin (POMC) and the transcription factor sterol-regulatory element-binding protein-2 (SREBP-2) in mouse pituitary cells and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, respectively. ...
Awwad Yousef Y School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, - - 2012
Study of cell signaling often requires examination of the cellular dynamics under variation in the stimulant concentration. Such variation has typically been conducted by dispensing cell populations in a number of chambers or wells containing discrete concentrations. Such practice adds to the complexity associated with experimental or device design and ...
Arima Yoshimi - - 2012
We previously showed that depletion of the retinoblastoma protein (RB) induces down-regulation of the adhesion molecule E-cadherin and thereby triggers the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. To further characterize the effect of RB inactivation on the phenotype of cancer cells, we have now examined RB expression in human breast cancer cell lines and ...
Tian Yuan Y Center for Microfluidic and Nanotechnology, The State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, - - 2012
Living cells respond to changing environments by regulating their genes and activities. In unicellular organisms such as yeasts, the cell division cycle is coupled to the nutrient availability. However, it is unclear how tight this coupling is and how the intrinsic time scales of the different cell cycle processes respond ...
Baba Takashi - - 2012
A loss of balance between cell membrane-associated proteases and their inhibitors may underlie cancer invasion and metastasis. We analyzed the roles of a membrane- associated serine protease inhibitor, HAI-1, in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). While membranous HAI-1 was widely observed in cancer cells of human OSCC tissues, this was ...
Zaini Rana G - - 2012
New therapies for leukaemia are urgently needed. Carrots have been suggested as a potential treatment for leukaemia in traditional medicine and have previously been studied in other contexts as potential sources of anticancer agents. Indicating that carrots may contain bioactive compounds, which may show potential in leukaemia therapies. This study ...
Choudhary B - - 2012
The role of mismatch repair (MMR) in the response of colon carcinoma cells to 5-fluorouracil (5FU) is not well understood. In most of the in vitro studies only short-term response was investigated. We focussed here on the influence of MMR status on the mechanism of the short- and long- term ...
Olszewski-Hamilton Ulrike - - 2012
1,3-dimethyl-1,3-bis(4-fluorophenyl)-1,3-bis{3-[1(4-butylpiperazinyl)]-propyl}-disiloxan-tetrahydrochlorid (SILA 421) is a compound that was developed as modulator of the ABC cassette transporter P-glycoprotein. Furthermore, it exerted antimicrobial toxicity, vascular effects, downregulation of chaperone induction and plasmid curing in bacterial cells. Here, this drug was found to possess cytotoxic activity against a panel of human cancer cell ...
Qureshi Omar S OS MRC Centre for Immune Regulation, School of Immunity and Infection, University of Birmingham Medical School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2012
CTLA-4 is one of the most important negative regulators of the T cell immune response. However, the subcellular distribution of CTLA-4 is unusual for a receptor that interacts with cell surface transmembrane ligands in that CTLA-4 is rapidly internalized from the plasma membrane. It has been proposed that T cell ...
Kamphuis Willem - - 2012
Plaque deposition in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is known to decrease proliferation in neurogenic niches in AD mouse models, but the effects on cell proliferation and differentiation in other brain areas have not been studied in detail. We analyzed cell proliferation in the cortex of wild type (WT) and APPswePS1dE9 transgenic ...
Vander Heiden M G - - 2012
Proliferating cells adapt metabolism to support the conversion of available nutrients into biomass. How cell metabolism is regulated to balance the production of ATP, metabolite building blocks, and reducing equivalents remains uncertain. Proliferative metabolism often involves an increased rate of glycolysis. A key regulated step in glycolysis is catalyzed by ...
D'Angelo Maximiliano A MA Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Molecular and Cell Biology Laboratory, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. - - 2012
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are built from ∼30 different proteins called nucleoporins or Nups. Previous studies have shown that several Nups exhibit cell-type-specific expression and that mutations in NPC components result in tissue-specific diseases. Here we show that a specific change in NPC composition is required for both myogenic and ...
Choudhury Debaditya D SUPA, Department of Physics, School of Engineering & Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland. - - 2012
The dissimilar cytoskeletal architecture in diverse cell types induces a difference in their deformability that presents a viable approach to separate cells in a non-invasive manner. We report on the design and fabrication of a robust and scalable device capable of separating a heterogeneous population of cells with variable degree ...
Male Keith B - - 2012
NCC derived from different biomass sources was probed for its plausible cytotoxicity by electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS). Two different cell lines, Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 insect cells and Chinese hamster lung fibroblast V79, were exposed to NCC and their spreading and viability were monitored and quantified by ECIS. Based on ...
Arencibia-Albite Francisco F Department of Physiology, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto - - 2012
The progressive augmentation of motor activity that results from repeated cocaine administration is termed behavioral sensitization. This phenomenon is thought to be a critical component in compulsive drug taking and relapse. Still, the cellular mechanisms that underlie sensitization remain elusive. Cocaine abuse, nonetheless, is known to evoke neuroplastic adaptations in ...
Lin Jia-Wei - - 2012
Neuroblastomas, an embryonic cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, often occur in young children. Honokiol, a small-molecule polyphenol, has multiple therapeutic effects and pharmacological activities. This study was designed to evaluate whether honokiol could pass through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and induce death of neuroblastoma cells and its possible mechanisms. ...
Schmitz Thomas - - 2012
Ischemic brain injury is widely modeled in vitro with paradigms of oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), which leads to cell death. The prevention and attenuation of brain injury by the tetracycline antibiotic minocycline has been attributed largely to suppression of microglial activation, but its benefits in oligodendrocyte cells have not been well ...
Garikipati Dilip K - - 2012
Myosatellite cells play an important role in mammalian muscle regeneration as they differentiate and fuse with mature fibers. In fish, they also contribute to postnatal growth and the formation of new fibers. The relative conservation of fish systems, however, is not well known nor are the underlying mechanisms that control ...
Allaume Xavier - - 2012
The rat parvovirus H-1PV is a promising anticancer agent given its oncosuppressive properties and the absence of known side effects in humans. H-1PV replicates preferentially in transformed cells, but the virus can enter both normal and cancer cells. Uptake by normal cells sequesters a significant portion of the administered viral ...
Young Edmond W K - - 2012
An important problem in translational cancer research is our limited ability to functionally characterize behaviors of primary patient cancer cells and associated stromal cell types, and relate mechanistic understanding to therapy selection. Functional analyses of primary samples face at least 3 major challenges: limited availability of primary samples for testing, ...
Ndour Papa Alioune - - 2012
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a common human herpesvirus. Infection with EBV is associated with several human malignancies in which the virus expresses a set of latent proteins, among which is latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1). LMP1 is able to transform numerous cell types and is considered the main oncogenic protein ...
Pérez Elena - - 2012
Nanoparticles (NP) from mixtures of two poly(D,L-lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLC) copolymers, PLC 40/60 and PLC 86/14, with poly(D,L-lactide) (PDLLA) and PCL were prepared: PLC 40/60-PCL (25:75), PLC 86/14-PCL (75:25) and PLC 86/14-PLA (75:25). Tamoxifen was loaded with encapsulation efficiency between 65% and 75% (29.9-36.3 µg TMX/ mg NP). All selected systems showed spherical ...
Halbedel Sven - - 2012
DivIVA is a well-conserved coiled-coil protein present in most Gram-positive bacteria and has been implicated in division site selection, peptidoglycan biosynthesis and sporulation. DivIVA proteins bind lipid membranes and characteristically accumulate at curved membrane areas, i.e. the cell poles and the division site, to which they recruit various interaction partners. ...
Cai Lei - - 2012
We present a method of tuning surface chemistry and nerve cell behavior by photo-cross-linking methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) monoacrylate (mPEGA) with hydrophobic, semicrystalline poly(ε-caprolactone) diacrylate (PCLDA) at various weight compositions of mPEGA (ø(m)) from 2 to 30%. Improved surface wettability is achieved with corresponding decreases in friction, water contact angle, and ...
Picarda Gaëlle - - 2012
Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a high-grade neoplasm arising in bones of children and adolescents. Survival rate decreases from greater than 50% to only 20% after 5 years for patients not responding to treatment or presenting metastases at diagnosis. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), which has strong antitumoral activity, is a promising ...
Wissniowski Thaddäus Till - - 2012
The prognosis of pancreatic cancer remains disappointing due to a high intrinsic resistance against chemotherapeutic agents. Standard gemcitabine therapies have improved overall survival only marginally and recently, inhibition of the proteasome by the boronic acid derivative bortezomib has been introduced as a novel therapeutic strategy for solid and hematological malignancies ...
Wilkens Ludwig - - 2012
Objectives: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiolar carcinoma (CC) cell lines are used to analyze the basic mechanisms of carcinogenesis and target therapies. However, it is not yet clear which chromosomal aberrations are to be typically expected in such cell lines. It is also not clear whether there are prerequisites for ...
van Opstal Angelique - - 2012
Inhibition of PKB activity using a highly selective PKB inhibitor resulted in inhibition of cell cycle progression only if cells were in early G1 phase at the time of addition of the inhibitor, as demonstrated by time-lapse cinematography. Addition of the inhibitor during mitosis up to 2 hours after mitosis, ...
Roche Yann - - 2012
Advances in fundamental physical and optical principles applied to novel fluorescence methods are currently resulting in rapid progress in cell biology and physiology. Instrumentation devised in pioneering laboratories is becoming commercially available, and study findings are now becoming accessible. The first results have concerned mainly higher eukaryotic cells but many ...
Radford Robert - - 2012
The primary cilium is an immotile sensory and signaling organelle found on the majority of mammalian cell types. Of the multitude of roles that the primary cilium performs, perhaps some of the most important include maintenance of differentiation, quiescence, and cellular polarity. Given that the progression of cancer requires disruption ...
Abu-Yousif Adnan O AO Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Department of Dermatology, Bartlett Hall 314, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School,40 Blossom Street, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2012
Targeted photosensitizer delivery to EGFR-expressing cells was achieved in the present study using a high purity, targeted photoimmunoconjugate (PIC). When the PDT agent, benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid ring A (BPD) was coupled to an EGFR-targeting antibody (cetuximab), we observed altered cellular localization and selective phototoxicity of EGFR-positive cells, but no phototoxicity ...
Pepper Matthew E - - 2012
The time variation in bioprinter output, i.e. the number of cells per printed drop, was studied over the length of a typical printing experiment. This variation impacts the cell population size of bioprinted samples, which should ideally be consistent. The variation in output was specifically studied in the context of ...
Murata Masayuki - - 2012
A large number of Escherichia coli cells become viable but nonculturable at early stationary phase, most of which are directed to lysis in cells with an enhanced active σ(E) level. In this study, we examined the effect of small noncoding RNAs, MicA and RybB, as σ(E) regulon as well as ...
Bakos Jan - - 2012
Oxytocin, released in response to different physiological stimuli, could play a key role in reducing stress reaction. It was suggested that it has protective effect against inflammation and consequences of oxidative stress. Mechanisms how oxytocin effects mediated in the brain tissue are unclear. In this study, oxytocin effect on cell ...
Hong Shuhui - - 2012
53BP1 has been extensively studied as a key component of the DNA damage response, but little is known regarding the role of 53BP1 in preventing tumor development. The present study was designed to assess the impact of the modification of 53BP1 gene expression on the biological behavior of ovarian cancer ...
Gao Liqian - - 2012
A library of 176 human phosphotyrosine-containing peptides was used to establish cell lysate binding profiles in a two colour microarray format. The resulting hits led to the pull-down and identification of biomarkers associated with cancer states.
García-Hernández J - - 2012
Aims:  We have developed a direct viable count (DVC)-FISH procedure for quickly and easily discriminating between viable and nonviable cells of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus strains, the traditional yogurt bacteria. Methods and Results:  direct viable count method has been modified and adapted for Lact. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Strep. thermophilus analysis ...
Niiro Hiroaki - - 2012
The aberrant regulation of B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling allows unwanted B cells to persist, thereby potentially leading to autoimmunity and B-cell malignancies. Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (Cbl) proteins suppress BCR signaling; however, the molecular mechanisms that control Cbl function in human B cells remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that CIN85 (c-Cbl ...
Shen Xin - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim is to assess the effect of survivin knockdown on the radio- and chemosensitivity of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in nude mice. METHODS: Survivin messenger RNA and protein were detected by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Survivin and control small hairpin RNA (shRNA) ...
Tang Qiuqiong - - 2012
Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) is a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction which is mediated by hapten-specific T cells. Strong haptens, such as 2, 4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) can induce it. Grape seed proanthocyanidins extract (GSPs), which is an antioxidant derived from grape seeds, has been reported to possess a variety of potent properties. However, few ...
Furlong Fiona F UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science, UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. - - 2012
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has an innate susceptibility to become chemoresistant. Up to 30% of patients do not respond to conventional chemotherapy [paclitaxel (Taxol®) in combination with carboplatin] and, of those who have an initial response, many patients relapse. Therefore, an understanding of the molecular mechanisms that regulate cellular chemotherapeutic ...
Giangreco Adam A Centre for Respiratory Research, University College London, - - 2012
Human lung cancers, including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are a leading cause of death and, whilst evidence suggests that basal stem cells drive SCC initiation and progression, the mechanisms regulating these processes remain unknown. In this study we show that β-catenin signalling regulates basal progenitor cell fate and subsequent SCC ...
Ando-Akatsuka Yuhko - - 2012
After osmotic swelling, cell volume is regulated by a process called regulatory volume decrease (RVD). Although actin cytoskeletons are known to play a regulatory role in RVD, it is not clear how actin-binding proteins are involved in the RVD process. In the present study, an involvement of an actin-binding protein, ...
Rademacher Eike H - - 2012
The cell types of the plant root are first specified early during embryogenesis and are maintained throughout plant life. Auxin plays an essential role in embryonic root initiation, in part through the action of the ARF5/MP transcription factor and its auxin-labile inhibitor IAA12/BDL. MP and BDL function in embryonic cells but ...
Bornstein S R - - 2012
Chromaffin cells probably are the most intensively studied of the neural crest derivates. They are closely related to the nervous system, share with neurons some fundamental mechanisms and thus were the ideal model to study the basic mechanisms of neurobiology for many years. The lessons we have learned from chromaffin ...
Behrndt Martin - - 2012
How cells orchestrate their behavior during collective migration is a long-standing question. Using magnetic tweezers to apply mechanical stimuli to Xenopus mesendoderm cells, Weber et al. (2012) now reveal, in this issue of Developmental Cell, a cadherin-mediated mechanosensitive response that promotes cell polarization and movement persistence during the collective mesendoderm migration ...
Liskova Barbora - - 2012
The cellular and molecular pharmacology of the new class of anticancer drugs, in which CDK inhibitor bohemine and its analogues are coordinated to Pt(II) to form cisplatin derivatives, was investigated. The results revealed the unique anticancer profile of a cisplatin-derived platinum(II) dichlorido complex involving N(7)-coordinated bohemine (<b>C1</b>). Although the IC<sub>50</sub> ...
Chiappinelli Katherine B KB Department of Surgery, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2012
DICER1 is essential for the generation of mature miRNAs and other short noncoding RNAs. Several lines of investigation implicate DICER1 as a tumor suppressor. Reduced DICER1 levels and changes in miRNA abundance have been associated with aggressive tumor phenotypes. The global effects of reduced DICER1 on mRNA transcript abundance in ...
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