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Orlando Giuseppe G Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA. - - 2013
This review illustrates promising regenerative medicine technologies that are being developed for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. The main strategies under validation to bioengineer or regenerate liver, pancreas, or parts of the digestive tract are twofold: engineering of progenitor cells and seeding of cells on supporting scaffold material. In the ...
Gerloff Kirsten - - 2012
Titanium dioxide has a long-standing use as a food additive. Micrometric powders are e.g. applied as whiteners in confectionary or dairy products. Possible hazards of ingested nanometric TiO2 particles for humans and the potential influence of a varying specific surface area (SSA) are currently under discussion. Five TiO2-samples were analyzed ...
Kim Wan-Ju WJ Department of Urology, Prostate Disease Center, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, United - - 2012
Although patients with localized and regional kidney tumors have a high survival rate, incidence of mortality significantly increases for patients with metastatic disease. It is imperative to decipher the molecular mechanisms of kidney tumor migration and invasion in order to develop effective therapies for patients with advanced cancer. Rap1, a ...
Köhler Martin - - 2012
Pancreatic alpha cells contribute to glucose homeostasis by the regulated secretion of glucagon, which increases glycogenolysis and hepatic gluconeogenesis in response to hypoglycemia. Alterations of glucagon secretion are observed in diabetic patients and exacerbate the disease. The restricted availability of purified primary alpha cells has limited our understanding of their ...
Aoshiba Kazutetsu - - 2012
In this study, we investigated whether DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We immunofluorescence-stained lung tissue samples obtained from COPD patients, asymptomatic smokers and nonsmokers for markers of DSBs. The numbers of DSB foci (phosphorylated histone 2AX (γH2AX), phosphorylated ATM (ataxia telangiectasia ...
Tong Hui-Li - - 2012
To study milk synthesis in dairy goat mammary gland, we had established an in vitro lactating dairy goat mammary epithelial cell (DGMEC) line. Mammary tissues of Guan Zhong dairy goats at 35 d of lactation were dispersed and cultured in a medium containing epithelial growth factor, insulin-like growth factor-1, insulin transferrin ...
Lopes Fernanda Martins - - 2012
It is well established that oxidative stress plays a major role in several neurodegenerative conditions, like Parkinson disease (PD). Hence, there is an enormous effort for the development of new antioxidants compounds with therapeutic potential for the management of PD, such as synthetic organoselenides molecules. In this study, we selected ...
Smetana Ondrej - - 2012
In plants, different forms of programmed cell death (PCD) have been identified, but they only partially correspond to those described for animals, which is most probably due to structural differences between animal and plant cells. Here, the results show that in tobacco BY-2 cells, bleomycin (BLM), an inducer of double-strand ...
Chen Haining - - 2012
One-dimensional flexible solar cells were fabricated through vertical growth of ZnO nanowires on freestanding carbon fibers and subsequent deposition of CdS quantum dots (QDs). Under light illumination, excitons were generated in the CdS QDs and dissociated in the ZnO/CdS interface. Photoelectrochemical characterization indicates that fiber quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSCs) ...
Manna Cesar M - - 2012
The cytotoxicities of highly efficient salan-Ti(IV) complexes toward a range of cell lines, including drug-resistant cells, are reported along with preliminary mechanistic insights. Five salan-Ti(IV) complexes were investigated toward eight different human and murine cancer-derived cell lines, including colon, ovarian, lung, cervical, pancreatic, leukemic, skin, and breast. The salan complexes ...
Napierska Dorota - - 2012
Amorphous silica nanoparticles (SiO2-NPs) have found broad applications in industry and are currently intensively studied for potential uses in medical and biomedical fields. Several studies have reported cytotoxic and inflammatory responses induced by SiO2-NPs in different cell types. The present study was designed to examine the association of oxidative stress ...
Rocheteau Pierre - - 2012
Satellite cells are adult skeletal muscle stem cells that are quiescent and constitute a poorly defined heterogeneous population. Using transgenic Tg:Pax7-nGFP mice, we show that Pax7-nGFP(Hi) cells are less primed for commitment and have a lower metabolic status and delayed first mitosis compared to Pax7-nGFP(Lo) cells. Pax7-nGFP(Hi) can give rise to Pax7-nGFP(Lo) ...
Chalut Kevin J KJ Cavendish Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, UK. - - 2012
Although the biochemical changes that occur during cell differentiation are well-known, less known is that there are significant, cell-wide physical changes that also occur. Understanding and quantifying these changes can help to better understand the process of differentiation as well as ways to monitor it. Digital holographic microscopy (DHM) is ...
Tristão Vivian Regina - - 2012
Abstract Background/aims: Necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) inhibits necroptosis, a nonapoptotic cell death pathway. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a clinical problem of high incidence and mortality. It involves several mechanisms of cell death. We aim to evaluate the effect of Nec-1 in the toxic kidney injury model by cisplatin. Methods: We analyzed ...
Yeo Siok-Koon - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation (UVB; 90 J/m(2)) on growth, bioconversion of isoflavones and probiotic properties of parent and subsequent passages of L. casei FTDC 2113. UV radiation significantly enhanced (P < 0.05) the growth of parent cells in mannitol-soymilk fermented at 37°C for ...
Kaur Harpreet H Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, - - 2012
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant and lethal form of astrocytoma. The GBM patient survival time of approximately 1 year necessitates the identification of novel molecular targets and more effective therapeutics. Cadherin-11, a calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion molecule and mesenchymal marker, plays a role in both normal tissue development and ...
Rizzi R - - 2012
Adult mammalian cells can be reprogrammed to a pluripotent state by forcing the expression of a few embryonic transcription factors. The resulting induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can differentiate into cells of all three germ layers. It is well known that post-natal cardiomyocytes (CMs) lack the capacity to proliferate. Here, ...
Wang Shaobin - - 2012
Doxorubicin, an anthracycline antibiotic, is widely used in cancer treatment. Doxorubicin produces genotoxic stress and p53 activation in both carcinoma and non-carcinoma cells. Although its side effects in non-carcinoma cells, especially in heart tissue, are well known, the molecular targets of doxorubicin are poorly characterized. Here, we report that doxorubicin ...
Dehnert Karen W KW Department of Chemistry, University of California, B84 Hildebrand Hall 1460, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2012
The sialome comprises sialylated glycoproteins and glycolipids that play essential roles in cell-cell communication. Using azide-modified molecular precursors of sialic acids and copper-free click chemistry, we visualized the spatiotemporal dynamics of the sialome in live zebrafish embryos.
Ren Liqiang - - 2012
This paper investigates the roles of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and metallic SWNTs in the SWNT/poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)-based photovoltaic conversion system. SWNTs containing different fractions of semiconducting nanotubes were conjugated with P3HT by virtue of π-π interaction. The energy transfer and carrier transport mechanisms in the photovoltaic composites were experimentally ...
Park Yong Sung - - 2012
This study was conducted to examine the relationship between the peroxisome proliferator-associated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and MUC1 mucin, two anti-inflammatory molecules expressed in the airways. Treatment of A549 lung epithelial cells or primary mouse tracheal surface epithelial (MTSE) cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) increased the levels of tumor necrosis factor ...
Bajbouj K - - 2012
Glioblastomas are known to be highly chemoresistant, but HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) have been shown to be of therapeutic relevance for this aggressive tumor type. We treated U87 glioblastoma cells with trichostatin A (TSA) to define potential epigenetic targets for HDACi-mediated antitumor effects. Using a cDNA array analysis covering 96 cell ...
Yamamoto Tetsushi - - 2012
Lumican expression in the stromal tissues of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) correlates with tumor invasion, and tends to correlate with poor prognosis. We used gene transfection techniques to examine the biological roles of lumican secreted from PDAC cells. Lumican-transfected PANC-1 cells secreted a 70-kDa lumican protein and had an active ...
Magatti Marta - - 2012
Cells derived from the amniotic fetal membrane of human term placenta have drawn particular attention mainly for their plasticity and immunological properties, which render them interesting for stem cell research and cell-based therapeutic applications. In particular, we have previously demonstrated that amniotic mesenchymal tissue cells (AMTC) inhibit lymphocyte proliferation in ...
Giordani R B - - 2012
Six lycorine derivatives were prepared, characterized and evaluated for their in vitro anti-Trichomonas vaginalis activity. Compounds bearing an acetyl (2), lauroyl (3), benzoyl (4 and 5) and p-nitrobenzoyl (6 and 7) groups were synthesized. The best activity was achieved with lycorine esterified at C-2 position with lauroyl group. Preliminary structure-activity ...
Dall'aglio Cecilia - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence and the distribution of leptin (Ob) and its receptor (ObR) in the feline placenta at term by means of immunohistochemical techniques. A few Ob-positive cells were observed scattered in the lamellae of the labyrinthine placenta. These cells had the ...
Hui Kf - - 2012
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). We reported that suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) induced EBV lytic cycle in EBV-positive gastric carcinoma cells and mediated enhanced cell death. However, expression of EBV lytic proteins was thought to exert anti-apoptotic effect in EBV-infected cells. Here, we examined the ...
Cui Zilian - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidences implicate long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are deregulated in cancer development. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the role of new lncRNA, named PlncRNA-1, in prostate cancer (CaP) pathogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, real-time q-PCR was used to demonstrate the expression of PlncRNA-1 ...
Pranzatelli Michael R - - 2012
To study aberrant B cell trafficking into the CSF in opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS), chemoattractants CXCL13 and CXCL12, and B cell frequency and CXCR5 expression, were evaluated. CSF CXCL13 concentration and the CSF/serum ratio were higher in untreated OMS than controls, related directly to OMS severity and inversely to OMS duration, ...
Hung Chin-Sheng - - 2012
Survivin is an antiapoptotic molecule that is widely expressed in cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Survivin has become a general therapeutic target for cancers because of its selective overexpression in a majority of tumors. However, little is known regarding the effect of survivin expression in combination with gemcitabine on HCC. ...
Asada Rie - - 2012
OASIS is a basic leucine zipper transmembrane transcription factor localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that is cleaved in its transmembrane region in response to ER stress. This novel ER stress transducer has been demonstrated to express in osteoblasts and astrocytes and promote terminal maturation of these cells. Additionally, OASIS ...
Fritsch Helga H Division of Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2012
Unresolved questions remain concerning the derivation of the vagina with respect to the relative contributions from the Müllerian ducts, the urogenital sinus, and the Wolffian ducts. Recent molecular and cellular studies in rodents have opened up a large gap between the level of understanding of vaginal development in mice and ...
Tsukamoto Shuntaro - - 2012
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenol of green tea, has cancer chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activities. EGCG selectively inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in cancer cells without adversely affecting normal cells; however, the underlying molecular mechanism in vivo is unclear. In this study, we show that EGCG-induced apoptotic activity is attributed ...
Tanaka Shiho - - 2012
Cry1Aa is an insecticidal protein produced by Bacilllus thuringiensis. To elucidate the mechanisms of cell/individual death and healing in the midgut epithelium, Bombyx mori larva were administered different concentrations of Cry1Aa and sections from the midgut were examined by TUNEL staining. In the lethal condition, most midgut columnar cells were ...
Huang Xin - - 2012
ABSTRACT Recently triptolide (TPL) has been proved to have the capacity of inhibiting the proliferation of multiple myeloma (MM) cells, as well as leukemic cells in vitro. In the present study, we found a synergistic effect when TPL was added to dexamethasone to induce apoptosis in MM.1S cells. This combination ...
Starr Tregei - - 2012
Autophagy is a cellular degradation process that can capture and eliminate intracellular microbes by delivering them to lysosomes for destruction. However, pathogens have evolved mechanisms to subvert this process. The intracellular bacterium Brucella abortus ensures its survival by forming the Brucella-containing vacuole (BCV), which traffics from the endocytic compartment to the ...
Capozzi A - - 2012
In targeted cancer therapy the search for novel molecules lead to the discovery of a plethora of small organic molecules inhibiting cancer cell proliferation. Among these, quinazoline and derivatives, such as quinolines and naphthyridines, have been considered as of particular interest. One of these, the naphthyridine derivative 4-phenyl-2,7-di(piperazin-1-yl)-1,8-naphthyridine, has been ...
Beiswenger Timothy R - - 2012
We tested the hypothesis that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) leads to differences in expression of genes involved in angiogenesis and affects cell viability and migration in a first-trimester cytotrophoblast cell line (HTR-8/SVneo). HTR-8/SVneo cells were treated with 1% CSE, and gene expression for adrenomedullin (ADM), placental growth factor (PlGF), soluble ...
Rigas Johanna D - - 2012
An 8-year-old male neutered Pomeranian dog was presented to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Oregon State University for surgical treatment of hydronephrosis of the left kidney and a left cranial abdominal mass. A primary ureteral mass was found during exploratory surgery, and the mass was resected and ureteral anastomosis was ...
Carofino Bradley - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of mixing anesthetics or corticosteroids with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on human tenocytes in vitro. METHODS: Two separate protocols (double spin and single spin) were used to obtain homologous PRP from the blood of 8 healthy volunteers. Discarded tendon acquired during biceps tenodesis served as tendon ...
Williams Gwyn T - - 2012
Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) have long been considered important but unglamorous elements in the production of the protein synthesis machinery of the cell. Recently, however, several independent lines of evidence have indicated that these non-coding RNAs might have crucial roles in controlling cell behaviour, and snoRNA dysfunction could consequently contribute ...
Tomizawa Minoru - - 2012
The usefulness of diagnostic ultrasound in gene transfer was investigated. The hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines PRL/PRF/5 and Hep3B, and the pancreatic carcinoma Panc-1 cells were transfected with lipofectin or irradiated with a linear probe with a frequency of 8 MHz at a mechanical index of 0.4 through the bottom of the ...
Park Woo Hyun - - 2012
MG132 as a proteasome inhibitor can induce apoptotic cell death in lung cancer cells. However, little is known about the toxicological cellular effects of MG132 on normal primary lung cells. Here, we investigated the effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and vitamin C (well known antioxidants) or L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO; an ...
Gerets H H J - - 2012
In the pharmaceutical industry, improving the early detection of drug-induced hepatotoxicity is essential as it is one of the most important reasons for attrition of candidate drugs during the later stages of drug development. The first objective of this study was to better characterize different cellular models (i.e., HepG2, HepaRG ...
Bergamo Alberta - - 2012
We investigated the molecular events of the ruthenium complex NAMI-A (0.1 mM for 1 h) on cell cycle G2-M arrest in KB carcinoma cells. Flow cytometry analysis showed a progressive accumulation of cells in S phase at 16 h, and in G2-M phase at 20 h after the end of ...
Brunel Jean Michel - - 2012
A series of N-substituted aminobutyric hydroxamic acid histone deacetylase inhibitors derivatives was designed in good-to-excellent yields and evaluated for their antiproliferative activity in a panel of human cancer cell lines, showing half maximum effective concentration varying from 700 nM to > 100 µM. Interestingly, the replacement of a furyl group ...
Moreira Teixeira Liliana S - - 2012
Small cartilage defects are frequently treated with debridement or left untreated, predisposing to early onset osteoarthritis. We propose to fill these defects with a cell-free injectable hydrogel comprising dextran-tyramine conjugates (Dex-TA) that can be applied during arthroscopic procedures. In this study, we report on the adhesion mechanism between cartilage and ...
Nenasheva T A - - 2012
Many fundamental biological processes, such as the search for food, immunological responses and wound healing, depend on cell migration. Video microscopy allows the magnitude and direction of cell migration to be documented. Here, we present a simple and inexpensive method for simultaneous tracking of hundreds of migrating cells over periods ...
Borrelli Antonella - - 2012
The leader peptide of a recombinant manganese superoxide dismutase (rMnSOD-Lp) acts as a molecular carrier. Clonogenic tests on normal (MRC-5) and endometrial adeno-carcinoma cells (HTB-112) were carried out in the presence of rMnSOD-Lp, cisplatin alone (CC) or cisplatin conjugated to the rMnSOD-Lp (rMnSOD-Lp-CC). The platinum delivered into the cells was measured by atomic spectrophotometric absorbance. ...
Singh Bhawana - - 2012
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) have attracted considerable attention as potential drug molecules in tumour biology. In order to optimise chemotherapy, it is important to understand the mechanisms of regulation of histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes and modifications brought by various HDIs. In the present study, we have employed Fourier transform infrared ...
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