Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 9719
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Govaert K M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a common procedure for the management of colorectal liver metastases. RFA-generated lesions are surrounded by a rim of hypoxia that is associated with aggressive outgrowth of intrahepatic micrometastases. Hypoxia-activated prodrugs such as tirapazamine are designed selectively to induce apoptosis in tumour cells under hypoxic conditions. ...
Zitta Karina - - 2012
In solid tumors the hypoxic environment can promote tumor progression and resistance to therapy. Recently, acetylsalicylic acid a major component of analgesic drugs and its metabolite salicylic acid (SA) have been shown to reduce the risk of colon cancer, but the mechanisms of action remain still unclear. Here we elucidate ...
Cage Tene A - - 2012
Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant primary brain tumor in children. Aggressive tumors that disseminate along the leptomeninges carry extremely poor prognoses. Mechanisms that predict dissemination are poorly understood. Our objective was to develop a reliable and reproducible model to study MB dissemination. We have created a chicken-human xenograft ...
Li Jie - - 2012
Down-regulation of hMSH3 is associated with elevated microsatellite alterations at selected tetranucleotide repeats and low levels of microsatellite instability in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the mechanism that down-regulates hMSH3 in CRC is not known. In this study, a significant association between over-expression of glucose transporter 1, a marker for hypoxia, ...
Tomaiuolo Rossella R CEINGE-Biotecnologie Avanzate scarl, Naples, - - 2012
We analyzed MBL2 gene variants in two cohorts of centenarians, octo-nonagenarians and nonagenarians, and in the general population, one from Sardinia Island (Italy), recruited in the frame of the AKea study, and another from Campania (southern Italy), to search for haplotypes related to longevity. We also assessed in vitro the ...
Gillis Annika - - 2012
Swarming motility is a fascinating phenomenon by which some bacteria use flagella to move over solid surfaces. Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying swarming motility requires studying the factors that induce and control flagella expression in swarming cells. Traditionally, flagella are observed by optical or electron microscopy, but none of these ...
Chalazonitis Alcmène - - 2012
This review discusses current knowledge about cell death in the developing enteric nervous system (ENS). It also includes findings about the molecular mechanisms by which such death is mediated. Additional consideration is given to trophic factors that contribute to survival of the precursors and neurons and glia of the ENS, ...
Reitinger Stephan - - 2012
Biosensor systems which enable impedance measurements on adherent cell layers under label-free conditions are considered powerful tools for monitoring specific biological characteristics. A radio frequency identification-based sensor platform was adopted to characterize cultivation and differentiation of human bone marrow-derived multipotent stem cells (bmMSC) over periods of up to several days ...
MacKay Joanna L - - 2012
Cellular mechanical properties have emerged as central regulators of many critical cell behaviors, including proliferation, motility, and differentiation. Although investigators have developed numerous techniques to influence these properties indirectly by engineering the extracellular matrix (ECM), relatively few tools are available to directly engineer the cells themselves. Here we present a ...
Vandrovcova Marta - - 2012
Cell behavior depends strongly on the physical and chemical properties of the material surface, for example, its chemistry and topography. The authors have therefore assessed the influence of materials of different chemical composition (i.e., glass substrates with and without TiO(2) films in anatase form) and different surface roughness (R(a) = ...
Zhang Ying - - 2012
Gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a natural functional amino acid. In the current study, Lactobacillus brevis TCCC13007, a high GABA-producing strain, was isolated from naturally pickled Chinese vegetables. A two-step cellular bioconversion process was established using L. brevis TCCC13007 for the production of GABA. First, L. brevis cells were grown anaerobically ...
Sun Jian - - 2012
The propagation of intercellular calcium signals provides a mechanism to coordinate cell population activity, which is essential for regulating cell behavior and organ development. However, existing analytical methods are difficult to realize localized chemical stimulation of a single cell among a population of cells that are in close contact with ...
Ito Daisuke - - 2012
Established cell lines are utilized extensively to study tumor biology and preclinical therapeutic development. However, they may not accurately recapitulate the heterogeneity of their corresponding primary disease. B-cell tumor cells are especially difficult to maintain under conventional culture conditions, limiting access to samples that faithfully represent this disease for preclinical ...
Rawson F J - - 2013
The ability to monitor intracellular events in real time is paramount to advancing fundamental biological and clinical science. We present the first demonstration of a direct interface of vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes (VASWCNTs) with eukaryotic cells, RAW 264.7 mouse macrophage cell line. The cells were cultured on indium tin ...
Moffatt Catherine E - - 2012
Porphyromonas gingivalis, a host-adapted opportunistic pathogen, produces a serine phosphatase, SerB, known to affect virulence, invasion and persistence within the host cell. SerB induces actin filament rearrangement in epithelial cells, but the mechanistic basis of this is not fully understood. Here we investigated the effects of SerB on the actin ...
Chen Ying-Hsin - - 2012
We used zebrafish as a model to assess amikacin-induced embryotoxicity. We exposed zebrafish embryos to amikacin, using different amikacin doses (0-10 ppm), durations (12-48 h), and onsets (0, 24, 48 hpf). Amikacin-induced embryonic toxicity and reduced survival rate were found dependent on the exposure dose, duration and onset. Based on immunostaining with ...
Sallé Jérémy - - 2012
Endocycles, which are characterised by repeated rounds of DNA replication without intervening mitosis, are involved in developmental processes associated with an increase in metabolic cell activity and are part of terminal differentiation. Endocycles are currently viewed as a restriction of the canonical cell cycle. As such, mitotic cyclins have been ...
Everett Katy L - - 2012
The development of FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer)-based sensors for measuring cAMP has opened the door to sophisticated insights into single-cell cAMP dynamics. cAMP can be measured in distinct cell populations and even in distinct microdomains within cells. However, there is still only limited information on cAMP dynamics in excitable ...
Kojima Aoi - - 2012
Vertical transmission of cyanobacterial symbionts occurs in didemnid ascidians harboring Prochloron as an obligate symbiont; the photosymbionts are transferred from the parental ascidian colony to the offspring in various ways depending on host species. Although several didemnids harbor non-Prochloron cyanobacteria in their tunics, few studies have reported the processes of ...
Guilgur Leonardo G - - 2012
Epithelial cells mostly orient the spindle along the plane of the epithelium (planar orientation) for mitosis to produce two identical daughter cells. The correct orientation of the spindle relies on the interaction between cortical polarity components and astral microtubules. Recent studies in mammalian tissue culture cells suggest that the apically ...
Kulkeaw Kasem - - 2012
Hmgn2 (high mobility group nucleosomal 2), a ubiquitous nucleosome-binding protein that unfolds chromatin fibres and enhances DNA replication, reportedly regulates differentiation of epithelial and mesenchymal cells. To investigate how Hmgn2 regulates HC (haemopoietic cell) differentiation, we quantified Hmgn2 expression in HCs of mouse FL (fetal liver) during erythroid differentiation. Hmgn2 ...
Shin Susa - - 2012
SummaryUndifferentiated stem cells may support a greater development of cloned embryos compared with differentiated cell types due to their ease of reprogramming during the nuclear transfer (NT) process. Hence, stem cells may be more suitable as nuclear donor cells for NT procedures than are somatic cells. Embryonic germ (EG) cells ...
Guo Chengzhi - - 2012
An outbreak of urinary stones associated with consumption of melamine-tainted milk products occurred in 2008 in China, leading to serious illness of many infants and even death. However, the toxicity of melamine in kidney epithelial cells remains unclear. We have explored the effects of melamine and trolox on renal NRK-52e ...
Sarath Babu V - - 2012
Four novel cell lines from tissues of eye, gill, kidney and brain of Etroplus suratensis were developed and characterized. The cell lines of eye, gill, kidney and brain were sub-cultured for 245, 185, 170 and 90 passages, respectively, since 2008. These cell lines showed predominantly epithelial-like cells. Effects of temperature ...
Sun Zhaorui - - 2012
Bone marrow MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells) can differentiate into various tissue cells, including epithelial cells. This presents interesting possibilities for cellular therapy, but the differentiation efficiency of MSCs is very low. We have explored specific inducing factors to improve the epithelial differentiation efficiency of MSCs. Under inducing conditions, MSCs differentiated ...
Cianfanelli Valentina - - 2012
Comment on: Criollo A, et al. Cell Cycle 2012; 11:194-9.
Belliere Julie - - 2012
The permeability transition pore (PTP) is a mitochondrial inner membrane channel involved in cell death. The inhibition of PTP opening has been proved to be an effective strategy to prevent cell death induced by oxidative stress. Several ubiquinone analogs are known to powerfully inhibit PTP opening with an effect depending ...
Iwai Yasutomo - - 2012
HMS0014 cells were GBR-engineered to proliferate and differentiate into mature osteoblast(Ob)-like cells, which initiated hard tissue matrix deposition in both monolayer and PuraMatrix 3-D cultures. Subsequently, the osteogenesis initiated with attachment/adhesion of HMS0014 cells on either Titanium (Ti) or Ti alloy discs modified with osteoconductive/ osteoinductive surface textures/substrates (e.g., Disc-AO, ...
Dollé Laurent - - 2012
The role of progenitor cells in liver repair and fibrosis has been extensively described, but their purification remains a challenge, hampering their characterization and use in regenerative medicine. To address this issue, we developed an easy and reproducible liver progenitor cell (LPC) isolation strategy based on aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, ...
Jeet V - - 2012
Aurora Kinase (AK) based therapy targeting AK-A & B is effective against some cancers. We have explored its potential against previously unreported incurable, metastatic androgen depletion independent Prostate Cancer (ADIPC). We used androgen sensitive (AS) and ADI lines derived from Transgenic Adenocarcinoma of the Mouse Prostate (TRAMP) mice. The relevance ...
Zhou Yanfei - - 2012
Loperamide is an FDA-approved antidiarrhea drug which acts on the μ-opioid receptors in the mesenteric plexus of large intestine and exhibits limited side effects. We hypothesized that loperamide might reverse the multidrug resistance (MDR) of human cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents. MCF-7/MDR1 cells express high level of MDR1 and are ...
Donaldson D S - - 2012
Many prion diseases are orally acquired. Our data show that after oral exposure, early prion replication upon follicular dendritic cells (FDC) in Peyer's patches is obligatory for the efficient spread of disease to the brain (termed neuroinvasion). For prions to replicate on FDC within Peyer's patches after ingestion of a ...
Courtneidge Sara A - - 2012
Cell invasion plays a central role in a wide variety of biological phenomena and is the cause of tumour growth and metastasis. Understanding the biochemical mechanisms that control cell invasion is one of the major goals of our laboratory. Podosomes and invadopodia are specialized cellular structures present in cells with ...
Kaplan Nihal - - 2012
Eph/ephrin signaling proteins are present in the corneal epithelium, where their function remains unknown. The authors examined the role of the EphA2 receptor and ephrin-A1 ligand in human corneal epithelial cell migration. Immunohistochemical analysis of EphA2 and ephrin-A1 in healthy and diabetic corneas was performed in concert with linear scratch ...
Cormier Olga - - 2012
During Drosophila embryogenesis the majority of the extra-embryonic epithelium known as the amnioserosa (AS) undergoes programmed cell death (PCD) following the completion of the morphogenetic process of dorsal closure. Approximately ten percent of AS cells, however, are eliminated during dorsal closure by extrusion from the epithelium. Using biosensors that report ...
Mork Lindsey - - 2012
The embryonic origins of ovarian granulosa cells have been a subject of debate for decades. By tamoxifen-induced lineage tracing of Foxl2-expressing cells, we show that descendants of the bipotential supporting cell precursors in the early gonad contribute granulosa cells to a specific population of follicles in the medulla of the ...
Lee Deresa - - 2012
The Ras effector NORE1 is frequently silenced in primary adenocarcinomas, although the significance of this silencing for tumorigenesis is unclear. Here we show that NORE1 induces polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of oncoprotein HIPK1 by facilitating its interaction with the Mdm2 E3 ubiquitin ligase. Endogenous HIPK1 is stabilized in Nore1-deficient mouse ...
Fujita Nobuyuki - - 2012
Studies of many cell types show that levels of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α and HIF-2α are primarily controlled by oxygen-dependent proteasomal degradation, catalyzed by HIF prolyl-hydroxylases (PHDs). However, in the hypoxic niche of the intervertebral disc, the mechanism of HIF-α turnover in nucleus pulposus cells is not yet known. We ...
Mairet-Coello Georges - - 2012
During cerebral cortex development, precise control of precursor cell cycle length and cell cycle exit is required for balanced precursor pool expansion and layer-specific neurogenesis. Here, we defined the roles of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CKI) p57(KIP2), an important regulator of G1 phase, using deletion mutant mice. Mutant mice displayed macroencephaly ...
Goel Apollina - - 2012
Developing novel combined-modality therapeutic approaches based on understanding of the involvement of redox biology in apoptosis of malignant cells is a promising approach for improving clinical responses in B-cell lymphoma and multiple myeloma. Therapeutic modalities that generate reactive oxygen species (i.e., radiation, photodynamic therapy, and specific chemotherapeutic drugs) have been ...
Qin Yu - - 2012
Nephrotoxicity is the principal dose-limiting factor for cisplatin chemotherapy and is primarily associated with proximal tubular epithelial cells, including disruption of cell adhesions and induction of apoptosis. Cell adhesion and survival is regulated by, amongst other factors, the small GTPase Rap and its activator, the exchange protein directly activated by ...
Yachida Shinichi - - 2012
Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) of the pancreas are rare malignant neoplasms with a poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to determine the clinicopathologic and genetic features of poorly differentiated NECs and compare them with other types of pancreatic neoplasms. We investigated alterations of KRAS, CDKN2A/p16, TP53, SMAD4/DPC4, ...
Wang Ling - - 2012
EGF-induced activation of the epigenetic CCCTC binding factor (CTCF) plays an important role in corneal epithelial cell proliferation by suppressing the Pax6 gene. The present study focused on further understanding the role of CTCF in mediating EGF-induced migration of immortalized human corneal epithelial cells. CTCF activities in human corneal epithelial ...
Lavigne Mark C - - 2012
Everolimus, a pharmaceutical component of drug-eluting stents, inhibits coronary vessel restenosis, but the antirestenotic mechanisms of action remain unclear. Here, we describe the effects of everolimus on key contributors to vessel restenosis, smooth muscle cell proliferation, and migration. In a dose-dependent fashion, everolimus reduced human coronary artery smooth muscle cell ...
Oh Edwin C EC Center for Human Disease Modeling, Department of Cell Biology, Duke University, Durham NC 27710, USA. - - 2012
Through the combined study of model organisms, cell biology, cell signaling and medical genetics we have significantly increased our understanding of the structure and functions of the vertebrate cilium. This ancient organelle has now emerged as a crucial component of certain signaling and sensory perception pathways in both developmental and ...
Buono Roberta R Division of Regenerative Medicine, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, - - 2012
Satellite cells are myogenic precursors that proliferate, activate, and differentiate on muscle injury to sustain the regenerative capacity of adult skeletal muscle; in this process, they self-renew through the return to quiescence of the cycling progeny. This mechanism, while efficient in physiological conditions does not prevent exhaustion of satellite cells ...
Olteanu Dragos D Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2012
Pathophysiological anomalies in autosomal dominant and recessive forms of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) may derive from impaired function/formation of the apical central monocilium of ductal epithelia such as that seen in the Oak Ridge polycystic kidney or orpk (Ift88(Tg737Rpw)) mouse and its immortalized cell models for the renal collecting duct. ...
Selek Laurent - - 2012
Gliomas are extremely aggressive and lethal forms of brain cancer. Unlike many other cancer types, glioma cells rarely metastasize. They spread throughout the brain and invasiveness of glioma cells is a major cause of therapeutic failure. In plant ecosystem, biodiversity acts locally as a barrier to ecological invasion. By analogy, ...
Lentini Alessandro - - 2012
Differentiation-based therapeutics are an underutilized but potentially a significant option for cancer treatment. The effect of methylxanthines on melanoma cell differentiation has been well documented. We report the in-vitro and in-vivo anticancer potential of a theophylline analogue, 7-(2-hydroxyethyl)theophylline (HET), on murine B16-F10 and human Sk-Mel 110 metastatic melanoma cell lines. ...
Lujan Ernesto - - 2012
We recently showed that defined sets of transcription factors are sufficient to convert mouse and human fibroblasts directly into cells resembling functional neurons, referred to as "induced neuronal" (iN) cells. For some applications however, it would be desirable to convert fibroblasts into proliferative neural precursor cells (NPCs) instead of neurons. ...
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