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Wessler Ignaz - - 2012
AIMS: The non-neuronal cholinergic system is widely expressed in nature. The present experiments were performed to characterize the non-neuronal cholinergic system in murine embryonic stem cells (CGR8 cell line). MAIN METHODS: CGR8 cells were cultured in gelatinized flasks with Glasgow's buffered minimal essential medium (Gibco, Germany). Acetylcholine was measured by ...
Di Xudong - - 2012
Previously, we found that high doses of genistein show an inhibitory effect on uterine leiomyoma (UtLM) cell proliferation. In this study, using microarray analysis and Ingenuity Pathways Analysis™, we identified genes (up- or down-regulated, ≥ 1.5 fold, P ≤ 0.001), functions and signaling pathways that were altered following treatment with ...
Kose Shingo - - 2012
During heat shock stress, importin β family-mediated nucleocytoplasmic trafficking is downregulated, whereas nuclear import of the molecular chaperone Hsp70s is upregulated. Here, we identify a nuclear import pathway that operates during heat shock stress and is mediated by an evolutionarily conserved protein named "Hikeshi," which does not belong to the ...
Udagawa Tomokatsu - - 2012
Inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channel Kir4.1 (also called Kcnj10) is expressed in various cells such as satellite glial cells. It is suggested that these cells would absorb excess accumulated K(+) from intercellular space which is surrounded by these cell membranes expressing Kir4.1. In the vestibular system, loss of Kir4.1 results ...
Waller R - - 2012
Isolating individual populations of cells from post-mortem (PM) central nervous system (CNS) tissue for transcriptomic analysis will provide important insights into the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. To date, research on individual CNS cell populations has been hindered by the availability of suitable PM material, unreliable sample preparation and difficulties obtaining ...
Zhang Yibo - - 2013
A simple method for preparation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) surface-functionalized selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs@ATP) with enhanced cell permeabilization and anticancer activity has been demonstrated in the study reported in this article. Spherical SeNPs were decorated with ATP by strong adsorption through an Se-N bond, leading to the highly stable structure of ...
Gautrot Julien E JE Melville Laboratory for Polymer Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1EW, - - 2012
Correct tissue architecture is essential for normal physiology, yet there have been few attempts to recreate tissues using micro-patterning. We have used polymer brush micro-engineering to generate a stratified micro-epidermis with fewer than 10 human keratinocytes. Epidermal stem cells are captured on 100 μm diameter circular collagen-coated disks. Within 24 ...
Rasmussen Jeffrey P JP Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2012
The development of many animal organs involves a mesenchymal to epithelial transition, in which cells develop and coordinate polarity through largely unknown mechanisms. The C. elegans pharynx, which is an epithelial tube in which cells polarize around a central lumen, provides a simple system with which to understand the coordination ...
Grover Chloe N - - 2012
Although mechanical properties, roughness, and receptor molecule expression have all been shown to influence the cellular reactivity of collagen-based biomaterials, their relative contribution, in a given system remains unclear. Here, we study films containing combinations of collagen, gelatin, and soluble and insoluble elastin, crosslinking of which results in altered film ...
Suckow Arthur T - - 2012
Normal glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is dependent on interactions between neighboring β cells. Elucidation of the reasons why this cell-to-cell contact is essential will probably yield critical insights into β cell maturation and function. In the central nervous system, transcellular protein interactions (i.e. interactions between proteins on the surfaces of different ...
Jannat Rayhanur - - 2012
Methyl jasmonate (MeJA)-induced stomatal closure is accompanied by the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in guard cells. In this study, we investigated the roles of catalases (CATs) in MeJA-induced stomatal closure using cat mutants cat2, cat3-1 and cat1 cat3, and the CAT inhibitor, 3-aminotriazole (AT). When assessed with 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein, the ...
Shoshi A - - 2012
The uptake of large particles by cells (phagocytosis) is an important factor in cell biology and also plays a major role in biomedical applications. So far, most methods for determining the phagocytic properties rely on cell-culture incubation and end-point detection schemes. Here, we present a lab-on-a-chip system for real-time monitoring ...
Wang Zhuo - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that Müller glia in chick and fish retinas can re-enter the cell cycle, express progenitor genes, and regenerate neurons via the Notch signaling pathway in response to retinal damage or growth factors. Here, we investigated the role of Notch signaling and the effect of hypoxia, as ...
Fukumatsu Makoto - - 2012
Bacteria move between cells in the epithelium using a sequential pseudopodium-mediated process but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We show that during cell-to-cell movement, Shigella-containing pseudopodia target epithelial tricellular junctions, the contact point where three epithelial cells meet. The bacteria-containing pseudopodia were engulfed by neighboring cells only in the presence ...
Sharma Gitanjali - - 2012
We report bifunctional liposomal delivery system, combining transferrin (Tf)-mediated receptor targeting and poly-l-arginine (PR)-facilitated cell penetration, which overcomes the drawback of saturation of delivery. PR was conjugated to the distal end of distearoyl phosphoethanolamine-polyethylene glycol (PEG) 2000 and was incorporated with other phospholipids in chloroform/methanol (2:1) to form PR liposomes ...
Amieva Manuel - - 2012
In this issue, Fukumatsu and colleagues (2012) find that Shigella preferentially spread from cell-to-cell at unique intercellular junctions. Shigella protrusions invade adjacent cells at junctions where three cells meet, the tricellular junction. The tight junction protein tricellulin marks these sites and is important for Shigella spread.
Beauchamp Philippe - - 2012
Spatial heterogeneity in connexin (Cx) expression has been implicated in arrhythmogenesis. This study was performed to quantify the relation between the degree of heterogeneity in Cx43 expression and disturbances in electric propagation. Cell pairs and strands composed of mixtures of Cx43(-/-) (Cx43KO) or GFP-expressing Cx43(+/+) (WT(GFP)) murine ventricular myocytes were ...
Starodubtseva Maria N - - 2012
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) in lateral force mode was applied to assess the microscale thermo-mechanical (frictional) properties of the air-dried cell surface in the wide temperature range (288-363K/15-90°C). AFM-investigated cell surface layer can be represented as a biocomposite composed of several layers including the glycocalyx, the membrane and the intercellular ...
Chang Ziwei Z Department of Chemistry and Chemistry Institute of Functional Materials, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, - - 2012
The present study highlighted the aromatic-participant interactions in in vivo trimerization of HSF1 and got an insight into the process of HSF1 protecting against apoptosis. In mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), mutations of mouse HSF1 (W37A, Y60A and F104A) resulted in a loss of trimerization activity, impaired binding of the heat ...
Corriden Ross - - 2012
The directional movement of cells can be regulated by ATP, certain other nucleotides (e.g., ADP, UTP), and adenosine. Such regulation occurs for cells that are "professional phagocytes" (e.g., neutrophils, macrophages, certain lymphocytes, and microglia) and that undergo directional migration and subsequent phagocytosis. Numerous other cell types (e.g., fibroblasts, endothelial cells, ...
Dhonukshe Pankaj P Department of Biology, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2012
Despite their pivotal role in plant development, control mechanisms for oriented cell divisions have remained elusive. Here, we describe how a precisely regulated cell division orientation switch in an Arabidopsis stem cell is controlled by upstream patterning factors. We show that the stem cell regulatory PLETHORA transcription factors induce division ...
Wan Qingwen - - 2012
Cell-cell contact formation following cadherin engagement requires actomyosin contraction along the periphery of cell-cell contact. The molecular mechanisms that regulate myosin activation during this process are not clear. In this paper, we show that two polarity proteins, partitioning defective 3 homologue (Par3) and mammalian homologues of Drosophila Lethal (2) Giant ...
Masaeli Elahe - - 2012
A critical element in tissue engineering involves the fabrication of a three-dimensional scaffold. The scaffold provides a space for new tissue formation, supports cellular ingrowth, and proliferation and mimics many roles of the extracellular matrix. Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) is the most thoroughly investigated member of the polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) family that has ...
Santa-Maria Ismael - - 2012
Abnormal folding of tau protein leads to the generation of paired helical filaments (PHFs) and neurofibrillary tangles, a key neuropathological feature in Alzheimer disease and tauopathies. A specific anatomical pattern of pathological changes developing in the brain suggests that once tau pathology is initiated it propagates between neighboring neuronal cells, ...
Majewski Lukasz - - 2012
Myosin VI (MVI), the only known myosin that walks towards the minus end of actin filaments, is involved in several processes such as endocytosis, cell migration, and cytokinesis. It may act as a transporting motor or a protein engaged in actin cytoskeleton remodelling via its binding partners, interacting with its ...
Jin Qinglong - - 2012
Substantial evidence supports dysregulated B-cell immune responses in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), including the presence of serum antimitochondrial antibodies (AMAs). However, recent reports from murine models of PBC suggest that B cells may also provide regulatory function, and indeed the absence of B cells in such models leads ...
Asavapanumas Nithi - - 2012
Fibrate drugs, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) agonists, are widely prescribed for the treatment of hyperlipidemia. The present study examined the effect of fibrate drugs on renal OCT2 activity in a heterologous cell system [Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells stably transfected with rabbit (rb) OCT2], LLC-PK1, and intact mouse ...
Abdo Hind - - 2012
Increasing evidence suggests that enteric glial cells (EGCs) are critical for enteric neuron survival and functions. In particular, EGCs exert direct neuroprotective effects mediated in part by the release of glutathione. However, other glial factors such as those identified as regulating the intestinal epithelial barrier and in particular the omega-6 ...
Welf Erik S - - 2012
Mesenchymal cell migration as exhibited by fibroblasts is distinct from amoeboid cell migration and is characterized by dynamic competition among multiple protrusions, which determines directional persistence and responses to spatial cues. Localization of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling is thought to play a broadly important role in cell motility, yet the ...
Zuo Yufeng - - 2012
The small GTPase Cdc42 has been implicated as an important regulator of cell migration. However, whether Cdc42 plays similar role in all cancer cells irrespective of metastatic potential remains poorly defined. Here, we show by using three different breast cancer cell lines with different metastatic potential, the role of Cdc42 ...
Suzuki Makoto - - 2012
During early development of the central nervous system, the neuroepithelial cells undergo dynamic changes in shape, cumulative action of which cause the neural plate to bend mediolaterally to form the neural tube. The apicobasal elongation changes the cuboidal cells into columnar ones, whereas apical constriction minimizes the cell apices, causing ...
Lin Meng-Hsuan - - 2012
The foodborne pathogens Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella Typhimurium were subjected to heat shock at 48°C for 10 and 30 min, respectively, and then cold shocked at 15°C for 3 h. The effect of these shocks on the viability of test organisms exposed to chlorine dioxide and quaternary ammonium compounds was ...
Ohta Kohei - - 2012
Retinoic acid (RA) is a meiosis-inducing factor. Primordial germ cells (PGCs) in the developing ovary are exposed to RA, resulting in entry into meiosis. In contrast, PGCs in the developing testis enter mitotic arrest to differentiate into prospermatogonia. Sertoli cells express CYP26B1, an RA-metabolizing enzyme, providing a simple explanation for ...
Portnoy Daniel A - - 2012
In 1988, eminent cell biologist Lew Tilney and newly appointed Assistant Professor of Microbiology Dan Portnoy met at a picnic and initiated a collaboration that led to a groundbreaking paper published in Journal of Cell Biology entitled "Actin filaments and the growth, movement, and spread of the intracellular bacterial parasite, ...
McHugh Douglas - - 2012
Endometriosis is a disorder in which the endometrium forms growths outside the uterus and is associated with chronic pain. Recent evidence suggests that endometrial motility plays a role in the aetiology of endometriosis. The endocannabinoid system regulates cellular migration. Given the growing involvement of the endocannabinoids in reproduction, we investigated ...
Nakajima Hiroyuki - - 2012
In epithelial cells, myosin-II-dependent forces regulate many aspects of animal morphogenesis, such as apical constriction, cell intercalation, cell sorting, and the formation and maintenance of the adherens junction. These forces are mainly generated by the circumferential actomyosin belt, which is composed of F-actin-myosin II bundles located along apical cell-cell junctions. ...
Halidi Nadia - - 2012
Intercellular Ca(2+) wave propagation between vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is associated with the propagation of contraction along the vessel. Here, we characterize the involvement of gap junctions (GJs) in Ca(2+) wave propagation between SMCs at the cellular level. Gap junctional communication was assessed by the propagation of intercellular Ca(2+) ...
Valderrama Ferran - - 2012
The ERM proteins ezrin, radixin and moesin are adaptor proteins that link plasma membrane receptors to the actin cytoskeleton. Ezrin and moesin have been implicated in cell polarization and cell migration, but little is known about the involvement of radixin in these processes. Here we show that radixin is required ...
Lv C - - 2012
The Na+/H+ exchanger 1 (NHE1) plays a significant role in acidifying the tumour microenvironment, potentially contributing to the tumour's malignant potential. The mechanism by which NHE1 mediates cell invasion and migration, especially in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma (hTSCC), is unknown. In this study, the authors demonstrated that inhibition of ...
Muñoz Patricia P Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago 8380453, - - 2012
We tested the hypothesis that both VMAT-2 and DT-diaphorase are an important cellular defense against aminochrome-dependent neurotoxicity during dopamine oxidation. A cell line with VMAT-2 and DT-diaphorase over-expressed was created. The transfection of RCSN-3 cells with a bicistronic plasmid coding for VMAT-2 fused with GFP-IRES-DT-diaphorase cDNA induced a significant increase ...
Kim Beob Soo - - 2012
Decellularized human extracellular matrices (ECMs) are an extremely appealing biomaterial for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. In this study, we decellularized human adipose tissue, fabricated a thin ECM sheet and explored the potential of this human adipose-derived ECM sheet as a substrate to support the formation of tissues other than ...
Shimizu Yuji - - 2012
This paper describes the results of the analysis of cortical rigidity in two round cell states: mitotic round cells and detached round cells after trypsinization using atomic force microscopy (AFM). These two states are primary cell events with dynamic morphological alterations in vitro. The trypsinized detached cells were fixed on ...
Gursoy Ulvi K - - 2012
Background: The aims of the present study were 1) to localize human neutrophil defensins (HNP) 1-3 in gingiva and in neutrophil extract-treated epithelial cell monolayers, 2) to determine the effects of HNP-1 on the epithelial cell viability, attachment, and spreading, and 3) to analyze the effect of HNP-1 on the ...
Yoshida Eiji - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of mechanical treatment, namely, nanometer smoothing (Ra: approximately 2.0 nm) and sandblasting (Ra: approximately 1.0 μm), as well as biochemical treatment, namely, fibronectin immobilization, of a titanium surface on osteoblast-like cell behavior. Cell proliferation was monitored by measurements of ...
Eugenin Eliseo A EA Department of Pathology, F727, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Ave., Bronx, NY 10461, USA. - - 2012
Gap junctions (GJs) are expressed in most cell types of the nervous system, including neuronal stem cells, neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, cells of the blood brain barrier (endothelial cells and astrocytes) and under inflammatory conditions in microglia/macrophages. GJs connect cells by the docking of two hemichannels, one from each cell with ...
George Uduak Z - - 2012
The aim of this article is to study cell deformation and cell movement by considering both the mechanical and biochemical properties of the cortical network of actin filaments and its concentration. Actin is a polymer that can exist either in filamentous form (F-actin) or in monometric form (G-actin) (Chen et al. ...
Xu Jing - - 2012
Four new sesquiterpenes, myrrhterpenoids K-N (1-4) have been isolated from the resin of Commiphora myrrha. Their structures and relative configurations were elucidated by spectroscopic methods (IR, ESIMS, HR-ESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR). Compounds 1 and 4 showed neuroprotective effects against MPP(+)-induced neuronal cell death in SH-SY5Y cells.
Sarkar Anjali A AA Center for Neuroscience Research, Children's Research Institute, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, - - 2012
Hectd1 mutant mouse embryos exhibit the neural tube defect exencephaly associated with abnormal cranial mesenchyme. Cellular rearrangements in cranial mesenchyme are essential during neurulation for elevation of the neural folds. Here we investigate the molecular basis of the abnormal behavior of Hectd1 mutant cranial mesenchyme. We demonstrate that Hectd1 is ...
Ball Kerri A - - 2012
The mitochondrial respiratory chain has been reported to play a role in the stabilization of HIF-1α when mammalian cells experience hypoxia, most likely through the generation of free radicals. Although previous studies have suggested the involvement of superoxide catalyzed by complex III more recent studies raise the possibility that nitric ...
Kar Rekha - - 2012
Gap junctions (GJ) and hemichannels (HC) formed from the protein subunits called connexins are transmembrane conduits for the exchange of small molecules and ions. Connexins and another group of HC-forming proteins, pannexins comprise the two families of transmembrane proteins ubiquitously distributed in vertebrates. Most cell types express more than one ...
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