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Results 501 - 550 of 9718
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Shitara Yoshihisa - - 2012
Cyclosporin A (CsA) causes a number of clinically-relevant drug-drug interactions (DDIs) by inhibiting OATP1B1 and OATP1B3. In the present study, long-lasting inhibitory effects of CsA on these transporters were examined in comparison to tacrolimus (TCR). OATP1B1- and OATP1B3-expressing HEK293T cells, OATP1B1-expressing MDCK II cells, and human hepatocytes were preincubated with ...
Jeong Jin-Woo - - 2012
Cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine), a major bioactive compound of Cordyceps militaris, has many pharmacological actions, such as anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. In this study, the relationship between inhibition of cell motility and anti-invasive activity by cordycepin in LNCaP human prostate carcinoma cells was investigated. Within the concentration range that was not cytotoxic, ...
Matsumoto Taichi - - 2012
Abstract Resistance to gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) hampers the effective treatment of refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To clarify the mechanism of resistance to GO, HL-60 cells were persistently exposed to GO in order to establish GO-resistant HL-60 (HL-60/GOR) cells. Multidrug resistance 1 (MDR-1) was strongly expressed in HL-60/GOR cells, but ...
Vorster Chris - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The scientific study of natural products traditionally used in anticancer preparations has yielded several therapeutically relevant compounds. One of these traditional preparations with potentially beneficial properties is aqueous extracts of Sutherlandia frutescens, a shrub indigenous to the Western Cape region of South Africa. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To ...
Li Lei - - 2012
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been used as a safe and effective modality to enhance fracture healing. As the most abundant cells in bone, osteocytes orchestrate bone remodeling via direct cell-to-cell contacts and by soluble factors. In this study, we have used the osteocytic MLO-Y4 cells to study the effects ...
Hidaka Tatsuhiro - - 2012
The presence of human STRO-1(+)/CD146(+) periodontal ligament (PDL) cells has been reported, but obtaining a large amount of these cells is difficult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the percentages of STRO-1(+)/CD146(+) cells in PDL cells and determine the effects of FGF-2 on the proliferation and multilineage differentiation ...
Chang Chih-Ching - - 2012
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a potent mitogen and motogen for various epithelial cells. The present study aimed to explore the role of HGF and c-Met receptor in ultrafine carbon particle-induced alveolar type II epithelial (type II) cell proliferation. ICR mice were intratracheally instilled with 100 μg ultrafine carbon black ...
Su Chin-Cheng - - 2012
The ability of tanshinone IIA (Tan-IIA) to inhibit the proliferation of human breast cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo is well documented. However, the molecular mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with different concentrations of Tan-IIA for 48 h, followed ...
Li X - - 2012
Programmed cell death eliminates unwanted cells during normal development and physiological homeostasis. While cell interactions can influence apoptosis as they do other types of cell fate, outside of the adaptive immune system little is known about the intercellular cues that actively promote cell death in healthy cells. We used the ...
Chen Xiang-Qi - - 2012
The survivin protein, a member of the inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) family, has gained popularity as a therapeutic target for cancer due to its selective expression in tumor cells and its significant involvement in tumor cell viability. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the survivin-small ...
Muhammad Hayat - - 2012
The primary cilium is an immotile, solitary, and microtubule-based structure that projects from cell surfaces into the extracellular environment. The primary cilium functions as a dual sensor, as mechanosensors and chemosensors. The primary cilia coordinate several essential cell signaling pathways that are mainly involved in cell division and differentiation. A ...
Nelson Jennifer - - 2012
Normal human lymphocytes resisted the hydrolytic action of secretory phospholipase A(2) but became susceptible to the enzyme following treatment with a calcium ionophore, ionomycin. To test the hypothesis that this susceptibility requires exposure of the anionic lipid phosphatidylserine on the external face of the cell membrane, experiments were repeated with ...
Cole Nelson B - - 2012
Site-specific labeling of cellular proteins with chemical probes is a powerful tool for live cell imaging of biological processes. One popular system, known as the SNAP-tag, is based on an engineered variant of the 20-kDa DNA repair protein O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase (AGT) that covalently reacts with O(6)-benzylguanine (BG) and can be derivatized ...
Henry Ryan E - - 2012
The cellular response to p53 activation varies greatly in a stimulus- and cell type-specific manner. Dissecting the molecular mechanisms defining these cell fate choices will assist the development of effective p53-based cancer therapies and also illuminate fundamental processes by which gene networks control cellular behaviour. Using an experimental system wherein ...
Choi Soyoung - - 2012
Quiescent pancreatic- (PSCs) and hepatic- (HSCs) stellate cells store vitamin A (retinol) in lipid droplets via retinol binding protein (RBP) receptor and, when activated by profibrogenic stimuli, they transform into myofibroblast-like cells which play a key role in the fibrogenesis. Despite extensive investigations, there is, however, currently no appropriate therapy ...
Shiraki Ayako - - 2012
A rare case of complex apocrine carcinoma displaying dominant myoepithelial proliferation developed in the right leg subcutis of a 10-year-old male dog. The major cell population consisted of diffusely proliferating p63-expressing neoplastic cells that were largely myoepithelial in origin co-expressing α-smooth muscle actin. A small portion of the cell population ...
Mfopou J K - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Transdifferentiation of pancreatic exocrine cells into insulin-producing beta cells may represent an important alternative to islets required for diabetes cell therapy. Rat pancreatic acinar cells are known to transdifferentiate into functional beta cells, with recapitulation of several pancreas developmental features. Considering the inhibitory functions of hedgehog signalling in early ...
Norimatsu Yoshiaki - - 2012
This study was to clarify the nuclear features of "condensed clusters of stromal cells (EGBD-stromal cells)" and "metaplastic clumps with irregular protrusions (EGBD-metaplastic cells)" which may be recognized in endometrial glandular and stromal breakdown (EGBD) cases in liquid-based cytologic (LBC) preparations of endometrial brushings. The material consists of cytologic smears ...
Rossi Walter - - 2012
The new genus Rodaucea is created for a new species of Laboulbeniales parasitic on carrion beetles from Ecuador. The new genus is characterized by the presence of two very unequal secondary receptacles flanking cell II on opposite sides. The perithecia have the wall cells arranged in four tiers distinctly unequal ...
Korn Thomas - - 2012
Interleukin (IL) 17 is a phylogenetically ancient cytokine that has been adopted by the adaptive immune system, and the investigation of adaptive T helper (Th) 17 cells has substantially contributed to our understanding of the molecular requirements for the induction, regulation, and function of IL-17. However, IL-17 is in fact ...
Stano Pasquale - - 2012
Biological systems evolved with the ability to communicate with their biotic surroundings through chemical signalling. Production, perception and decoding of the information carried by signal molecules allow individuals of a community to interact, cooperate, and coordinate their activities, establishing complex social behaviours. In this paper we speculate about the opportunity ...
Ulvklo Carina - - 2012
During neural lineage progression, differences in daughter cell proliferation can generate different lineage topologies. This is apparent in the Drosophila neuroblast 5-6 lineage (NB5-6T), which undergoes a daughter cell proliferation switch from generating daughter cells that divide once to generating neurons directly. Simultaneously, neural lineages, e.g. NB5-6T, undergo temporal changes ...
Fujioka Yuki - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Experimental animal study of spinal cord injury (SCI) using a cell delivery system.Objective. To investigate the therapeutic effects of transplantation of peripheral blood-derived CD133+ cells with a magnetic delivery system in a rat SCI model.Summary of Background Data. There are no reports on intrathecal transplantation of peripheral ...
Kanamori Mitsuhiro - - 2012
Sulfatide-reactive type II NKT cells, the so-called non-invariant NKT (non-iNKT) cells, have been shown to counteract invariant NKT (iNKT) cell activity. However, the effects of sulfatide on activation of iNKT cells by α-galactocylceramide (αGC) in the context of CD1d have not been studied in detail. Therefore, we studied the blocking ...
Yang Seungwon - - 2012
The proliferation of anchorage-dependent cells of mesenchymal origin requires the attachment of the cells to substrates. Thus, cells that are poorly attached to substrates exhibit retarded cell cycle progression or apoptotic death. A major disadvantage of most polymers used in tissue engineering is their hydrophobicity; hydrophobic surfaces do not allow ...
Plouffe Brian D - - 2012
Cells of biomedical interest are, despite their functional significance, often present in very small numbers. Therefore the analysis and isolation of previously inaccessible rare cells, such peripheral hematopoietic stem cells, endothelial progenitor cells or circulating tumor cells, require efficient, sensitive and specific procedures that do not compromise the viability of ...
Todorov Petar T - - 2012
The cytotoxic effects of novel racemic and optically active constrained N-phosphonoalkyl bicyclic β-amino acids were tested against a panel of human tumor cell lines. All of the compounds investigated exhibited different concentration-dependent antiproliferative effects against the HT-29, MDA-MB-231, HepG2 and HeLa cell lines after 24 h treatment. The most sensitive cells ...
Janes Peter W - - 2012
Polymeric receptor-ligand complexes between interacting Eph and ephrin-expressing cells are regarded as dynamic intercellular signalling scaffolds that control cell-to-cell contact: the resulting Eph-ephrin signalling clusters function as positional cues that facilitate cell navigation and tissue patterning during normal and oncogenic development. The considerable complexity of this task, coordinating a multitude ...
Dawson Christopher W - - 2012
Although frequently expressed in EBV-positive malignancies, the contribution of the oncogenic latent membrane proteins, LMP1 and LMP2, to the pathogenesis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is not fully defined. As a key effector in EBV-driven B cell transformation and an established "transforming" gene, LMP1 displays oncogenic properties in rodent fibroblasts and ...
Baumgart T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A combined modality treatment employing radiation and chemotherapy plays a central role in the management of solid tumors. In our study, we examined the cytotoxic and radiosensitive effect of the microtubule stabilizer epothilone B on two human epithelial tumor cell lines in vitro and its influence on the microtubule assembly. ...
Wang Ya-Li - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of total flavonoids of Hedysarum polybotry on the proliferation, cell cycle, and expressions of p21(Ras) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) gene in erythroleukemia cell line K562. METHODS: The effect of total flavonoids of Hedysarum polybotry on K562 cell line survival was determined by the ...
Zhang Linlin - - 2012
Prostate cancer (PCa) becomes lethal when cancer cells develop into castration-resistant PCa, which remains incurable because of the poor understanding of their cell origin and characteristics. We aim to investigate the potential role of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in PCa progression. Human PCa cell lines (LNCaP, 22RV1, DU145 and PC-3) ...
Nyhan M J - - 2012
Resistance to chemotherapeutic agents has been associated with a failure of cancer cells to induce apoptosis. Strategies to restore apoptosis have led to the development of BH3 mimetics, which inhibit anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members. We examined the sensitivity of three oesophageal cancer cell lines to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) alone and in ...
Zhang Guishan - - 2012
Acyl homoserine lactone (AHL)-based quorum sensing commonly refers to cell density-dependent regulatory mechanisms found in bacteria. However, beyond bacteria, this cell-to-cell communication mechanism is poorly understood. Here we show that a methanogenic archaeon, Methanosaeta harundinacea 6Ac, encodes an active quorum sensing system that is used to regulate cell assembly and ...
Sarkar Shubhashish - - 2012
Cell-surface-associated annexin A2 (CS-ANXA2) is a nonconventional "receptor" for progastrin; expression levels of both are elevated in colon cancers, and downregulation of either reduces tumorigenic potential of cells. We recently reported internalization of progastrin in target cells. Here, mechanisms mediating internalization of progastrin were examined. Initially, we confirmed that cell-surface ...
Raina A - - 2012
Haller's cells or infraorbital ethmoid cells refer to the ethmoidal pneumatization of the superior aspect of the maxillary sinus and floor of the orbit. The clinical importance of these entities initiated this study with an aim to determine the prevalence and characteristics of Haller's cells on panoramic radiographs. The study ...
Zheng Lu L Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2012
The biological functions of the BC047440 gene highly expressed by hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are unknown. The objective of this study was to reconstruct antisense eukaryotic expression vectors of the gene for inhibiting HepG(2) cell proliferation and suppressing their xenograft tumorigenicity. The full-length BC047440 cDNA was cloned from human primary HCC ...
de Semir D D California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, San Francisco, Calif., - - 2012
The prospect of developing large animal models for the study of inherited diseases, such as cystic fibrosis (CF), through somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has opened up new opportunities for enhancing our understanding of disease pathology and for identifying new therapies. Thus, the development of species-specific in vitro cell systems ...
Hibino Narutoshi N Section of Cardiac Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, - - 2012
The development of a living, tissue-engineered vascular graft (TEVG) holds great promise for advancing the field of cardiovascular surgery. However, the ultimate source and time needed to procure these cells remain problematic. Induced puripotent stem (iPS) cells have recently been developed and have the potential for creating a pluripotent cell ...
Zheng Xiannuo - - 2012
There is a lack of reliable nanotoxicity assays available for monitoring and quantifying multiple cellular events in cultured cells. In this study, we used a microfluidic chip to systematically investigate the cytotoxicity of three kinds of well-characterized cadmium-containing quantum dots (QDs) with the same core but different shell structures, including ...
Huang Hai-Yan - - 2012
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is a crucial regulator of cell fate in response to genotoxic stress. Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation plays important roles in multiple cellular processes, including DNA repair, chromosomal stability, chromatin function, apoptosis, and transcriptional regulation. Poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) degradation is carried out mainly by poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG) enzymes. Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is a known human ...
Baguñà Jaume - - 2012
First described by Randolph in 1897, the nature and main features of planarian neoblasts have a long rambling history. While their morphologically undifferentiated features have long been recognized, their origin and actual role during regeneration have been highly debated. Here I summarize the main stages of this rambling history: 1) ...
Malleter Marine - - 2012
Abstract A cataract is a clouded area of the eye, which impairs vision. Cataracts can be caused by a natural hardening of the lens in the elderly, or may be the result of eye injury. However there is a treatment by extracapsular surgery, almost 50% of operations are followed by ...
Li Jin-Ming - - 2012
Co-delivery of siRNA and chemotherapeutic agents has been developed to combat multidrug resistance in cancer therapy. Recently, we developed a series of quantum dots (QDs) functionalized by β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) coupled to amino acids, some of which can be used to facilitate the delivery of siRNA. In this study, two CdSe/ZnSe ...
Kim Mi Ra - - 2012
The issue of whether aberrant expression of β1-integrin is associated with cancer progression and development of resistance to cytotoxic therapy is of considerable interest. Studies to date have shown that the anchorage-independent survival of cancer is attributed, in part, to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Here, we have reported a novel alternative ...
Moo E K - - 2012
Experimental findings indicate that in-situ chondrocytes die readily following impact loading, but remain essentially unaffected at low (non-impact) strain rates. This study was aimed at identifying possible causes for cell death in impact loading by quantifying chondrocyte mechanics when cartilage was subjected to a 5% nominal tissue strain at different ...
Guescini M - - 2012
Recent evidence shows that cells exchange collections of signals via microvesicles (MVs) and tunneling nano-tubes (TNTs). In this paper we have investigated whether in cell cultures GPCRs can be transferred by means of MVs and TNTs from a source cell to target cells. Western blot, transmission electron microscopy and gene ...
Freitas Andressa S - - 2012
In this study, we have analyzed the specific contribution of the cortical radial glia (RG) for gap junctional communication (GJC) within the postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ). To specifically target RG as source of dye-coupling in situ, we have developed a new technique that involves direct cell loading through the processes ...
Weekley Claire Marie - - 2012
The selenoamino acids methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys) and selenomethionine (SeMet) have disparate efficacies as anticancer agents. Herein, we use X-ray absorption spectroscopy to determine the chemical form of selenium in human neuroblastoma cells. Cells treated with MeSeCys contain a significant diselenide component, which is absent from SeMet-treated cells and suggests that metabolites ...
Freire Paula - - 2012
Complex biological systems, such as the cell cycle control network, are shown to be robust against various perturbations. It is crucial to identify the interactions of the network that can contribute towards robust cell cycle behaviour. The proteins in the cell cycle control network are regulated at the level of ...
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