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Results 451 - 500 of 9718
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Bornstein S R - - 2012
Chromaffin cells probably are the most intensively studied of the neural crest derivates. They are closely related to the nervous system, share with neurons some fundamental mechanisms and thus were the ideal model to study the basic mechanisms of neurobiology for many years. The lessons we have learned from chromaffin ...
Ando-Akatsuka Yuhko - - 2012
After osmotic swelling, cell volume is regulated by a process called regulatory volume decrease (RVD). Although actin cytoskeletons are known to play a regulatory role in RVD, it is not clear how actin-binding proteins are involved in the RVD process. In the present study, an involvement of an actin-binding protein, ...
Rademacher Eike H - - 2012
The cell types of the plant root are first specified early during embryogenesis and are maintained throughout plant life. Auxin plays an essential role in embryonic root initiation, in part through the action of the ARF5/MP transcription factor and its auxin-labile inhibitor IAA12/BDL. MP and BDL function in embryonic cells but ...
Hoang Bryan - - 2012
Intracellular trafficking of Auger electron emitting radionuclides to perinuclear and nuclear regions of cells is critical to realizing their full therapeutic potential. In the present study, block copolymer micelles (BCMs) were labeled with the Auger electron emitter indium-111 ((111)In) and loaded with the radiosensitizer methotrexate. HER2 specific antibodies (trastuzumab fab) ...
Losert Annemarie - - 2012
To better understand the response of HCC to EGFR inhibition, we analyzed factors connected to the resistance of HCC cells against gefitinib. Sensitive HCC3 cells co-expressed EGFR and ErbB3 but lacked kinase-domain mutations in EGFR. Interestingly, expression of MVP was restricted to resistant cell lines, whereas ABCB1 and ABCC1 showed ...
Iglesias-Guimarais Victoria - - 2012
Apoptotic cell death is characterized by nuclear fragmentation and oligonucleosomal DNA degradation, mediated by the caspase-dependent specific activation of DFF40/CAD endonuclease. Here, we describe how, upon apoptotic stimuli, SK-N-AS human neuroblastoma-derived cells show apoptotic nuclear morphology without displaying concomitant internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. Cytotoxicity afforded after staurosporine treatment is comparable with ...
Zeng C - - 2012
The sigma-2 receptor has been identified as a biomarker of proliferating cells in solid tumours. In the present study, we studied the mechanisms of sigma-2 ligand-induced cell death in the mouse breast cancer cell line EMT-6 and the human melanoma cell line MDA-MB-435. EMT-6 and MDA-MB-435 cells were treated with ...
Tahlan Kapil - - 2012
SQ109, a 1,2-diamine related to ethambutol, is currently in clinical trials for the treatment of tuberculosis, but its mode of action remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that SQ109 disrupts cell wall assembly, as evidenced by macromolecular incorporation assays and ultrastructural analyses. SQ109 interferes with the assembly of mycolic acids into ...
Coelho Carolina - - 2012
We investigated the outcome of the interaction of Cryptococcus neoformans with murine macrophages using laser scanning cytometry (LSC). Previous results in our lab had shown that phagocytosis of C. neoformans promoted cell cycle progression. LSC allowed us to simultaneously measure the phagocytic index, macrophage DNA content, and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation ...
Dietrich Elizabeth A EA University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2012
Saliva contains anti-HIV-1 factors, which show unclear efficacy in thwarting mucosal infection. When incubated in fresh, unfractionated whole saliva, infectious HIV-1 IIIb and BaL (X4- and R5-tropic, respectively) persisted from 4 to at least 30 min in a saliva concentration-dependent manner. In salivary supernatant for up to 6 h, both ...
Giangreco Adam A Centre for Respiratory Research, University College London, - - 2012
Human lung cancers, including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are a leading cause of death and, whilst evidence suggests that basal stem cells drive SCC initiation and progression, the mechanisms regulating these processes remain unknown. In this study we show that β-catenin signalling regulates basal progenitor cell fate and subsequent SCC ...
Furlong Fiona F UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science, UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. - - 2012
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has an innate susceptibility to become chemoresistant. Up to 30% of patients do not respond to conventional chemotherapy [paclitaxel (Taxol®) in combination with carboplatin] and, of those who have an initial response, many patients relapse. Therefore, an understanding of the molecular mechanisms that regulate cellular chemotherapeutic ...
Martin Benjamin L BL Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2012
The vertebrate body forms in an anterior-to-posterior progression, driven by a population of undifferentiated cells at the posterior-most end of the embryo. Recent studies have demonstrated that these undifferentiated cells are multipotent stem cells, suggesting that local signaling factors specify cell fate. However, the mechanism of cell fate specification during ...
Chiappinelli Katherine B KB Department of Surgery, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2012
DICER1 is essential for the generation of mature miRNAs and other short noncoding RNAs. Several lines of investigation implicate DICER1 as a tumor suppressor. Reduced DICER1 levels and changes in miRNA abundance have been associated with aggressive tumor phenotypes. The global effects of reduced DICER1 on mRNA transcript abundance in ...
Yamadori T - - 2012
We previously demonstrated that the transcription factor NF-E2-related factor2 (Nrf2), expressed abundantly in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, plays a pivotal role in the proliferation and chemoresistance of NSCLC. Here we show that Nrf2-mediated NSCLC cell proliferation is dually regulated by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling and an Nrf2 ...
Fatima S - - 2012
Deregulation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway is a hallmark of major gastrointestinal cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The oncogenic role of β-catenin is well defined but reasons for its accumulation in HCC remain unclear. Dickkopf 4 (DKK4) acts as a negative regulator of Wnt/β-catenin pathway but its functional role in liver carcinogenesis ...
Novotna Bozena - - 2012
The biological effects of several superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) varying in their surface coating were tested using human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells from two donors - hBMSCs-1 and hBMSCs-2. The measurements were performed at two intervals - after 72h exposure to the nanoparticles and after an additional 72h ...
Khattri Saakshi - - 2012
The increased awareness of the role of humoral immunophysiology in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) has aroused interest in B cells as therapeutic targets in this disease. This paper reviews the literature on B cell directed therapies in human and experimental APS. The clinical data is limited to B cell depletion with ...
Reichard Utz - - 2012
Despite PCR per se being a powerful and sensitive technique, regarding the detection of fungi in patients' blood, no consensus for a standardised PCR protocol yet exists. To complement other ongoing or accomplished studies which tackle this problem, the German Reference Center for Systemic Mycoses conducted an interlaboratory comparison starting ...
Goury-Sistla Pavana - - 2012
Pre-starvation amoebae of Dictyostelium discoideum exhibit random movements. Starved cells aggregate by directed movements (chemotaxis) towards cyclic AMP and differentiate into live spores or dead stalk cells. Many differences between presumptive spore and stalk cells precede differentiation. We have examined whether cell motility-related factors are also among them. Cell speeds ...
Bai H - - 2012
Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 has an important role in autophagy. The human LC3 gene family has five members, LC3A (variant-1: v1 and -2: v2), LC3B, LC3B2 and LC3C. Although a form of LC3B modified by phosphatidylethanolamine (form-II) is localized in autophagosomes, it is not clear whether other LC3 ...
Fukuhara Ayano - - 2012
Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) is a dual functional protein, acting as a PGD2-producing enzyme and a lipid-transporter. L-PGDS is a member of the lipocalin superfamily and can bind a wide variety of lipophilic molecules. Here we show the protective effect of L-PGDS on H2O2-induced apoptosis in neuroblastoma cell line ...
De La Torre Inmaculada - - 2012
Objective. To investigate whether the incidence of secondary hypogammaglobulinaemia in patients with RA following rituximab was related to patterns of B-cell return and relapse.Methods. CD19(+) B-cell and serum immunoglobulin (sIg) determinations were done every 2 or 3 months in 137 consecutive patients treated with one or more courses of rituximab-based ...
Jakubowska-Mućka Anna - - 2012
Sulindac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, suppresses carcinogenesis and inhibits growth of tumor cells. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), a potent NF-κB inhibitor, has been also identified as a potential anti-neoplastic agent. We hypothesized that combination of sulindac and PDTC could result in augmentation of cytotoxicity against ovarian cancer cells. The effect of ...
Hanna Rabbie K RK University of North Carolina, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2012
To examine the effects of combination therapy with metformin and paclitaxel in endometrial cancer cell lines. ECC-1 and Ishikawa endometrial cancer cell lines were used. Cell proliferation was assessed after exposure to paclitaxel and metformin. Cell cycle progression was assessed by flow cytometry. hTERT expression was determined by real-time RT-PCR. ...
Reed Shawna C O SC Microbiology Graduate Group, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2012
Rickettsiae are obligate intracellular pathogens that are transmitted to humans by arthropod vectors and cause diseases such as spotted fever and typhus. Although rickettsiae require the host cell actin cytoskeleton for invasion, the cytoskeletal proteins that mediate this process have not been completely described. To identify the host factors important ...
Wangpaichitr Medhi M Department of Veterans Affairs, South Florida VA Foundation, Miami, FL, - - 2012
Elimination of cisplatin-resistant lung cancer cells remains a major obstacle. We have shown that cisplatin-resistant tumors have higher reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and can be exploited for targeted therapy. Here, we show that increased secretion of the antioxidant thioredoxin-1 (TRX1) resulted in lowered intracellular TRX1 and contributed to higher ...
Haupt Sue - - 2012
Comment on: Valenti F, et al. Cell Cycle 2011; 10:4330-40.
Chan Leo L - - 2012
Cell proliferation is an important assay for pharmaceutical and biomedical research to test the effects of a variety of treatments on cultured primary cells or cell lines. For immunological studies, the ability to perform rapid cell proliferation analysis allows the identification of potential biological reagents for inducing or inhibiting immune ...
Bergeron T - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine whether the protein Zhangfei could suppress the unfolded protein response (UPR) and growth of osteosarcoma cells. Dog (D-17) and a human (Saos-2) osteosarcoma cells were infected with adenovirus vectors expressing either Zhangfei or the control protein beta- galactosidase. We monitored cell growth ...
Brabletz Thomas - - 2012
Comment on: Siemens H, et al. Cell Cycle 2011; 10:4256-71.
Wang Wei - - 2012
miR-21 as a tumor oncogenic molecule has been reported. However, whether miR-21 can affect the sensitivity of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells to cisplatin remain unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the roles of miR-21 in the sensitivity of OSCC cells to cisplatin. RT-PCR assay was ...
Qin Yansu - - 2012
Flavonoid is an important group of natural products which exerted anticancer effects against various cancers. III-10 is a newly synthesized flavonoid with a pyrrolidinyl and a benzyl group substitution. It shares a same carbon skeleton with flavonoid which indicates that it may also have potential anticancer activity. To investigate whether ...
Lee Chang Ki - - 2012
The clinical use of cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum) has been limited by the frequent emergence of cisplatin-resistant cell populations and numerous other adverse effects. Therefore, new agents are required to improve the therapy and health of cancer patients. Oral administration of ginsenoside Rg3 significantly inhibited tumor growth and promoted the anti-neoplastic efficacy ...
Pitchakarn Pornsiri - - 2012
In this study, we focused on the in vitro effects of Kuguacin J (KuJ), a purified component of bitter melon (Momordica charantia) leaf extract (BMLE), on the androgen-independent human prostate cancer cell line PC3 and the in vivo effect of dietary BMLE on prostate carcinogenesis using a PC3-xenograph model. KuJ ...
Sun Jun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of alendronate on the expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the expression of the tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) from human osteoblast-like MG63 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MG63 cells were exposed to various concentrations of alendronate. Cell ...
Mori Yayoi - - 2012
It is well known that manganese (Mn) exposure is involved in parkinsonism. The aim of our study was to test the hypotheses that Mn affects nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) activity, increases the metabolism of nicotinamide (NA) to 1-methylnicotinamide (MNA), and leads to neurocytotoxicity. Following demonstration of the effects of Mn concentrations ...
Anczuków Olga O Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, - - 2012
The splicing-factor oncoprotein SRSF1 (also known as SF2/ASF or ASF/SF2) is upregulated in breast cancers. We investigated the ability of SRSF1 to transform human and mouse mammary epithelial cells in vivo and in vitro. SRSF1-overexpressing COMMA-1D cells formed tumors, following orthotopic transplantation to reconstitute the mammary gland. In three-dimensional (3D) ...
Steinhauser Matthew L ML Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2012
Mass spectrometry with stable isotope labels has been seminal in discovering the dynamic state of living matter, but is limited to bulk tissues or cells. We developed multi-isotope imaging mass spectrometry (MIMS) that allowed us to view and measure stable isotope incorporation with submicrometre resolution. Here we apply MIMS to ...
Enserink Jorrit M JM Department of Molecular Biology, Institute of Medical Microbiology and Centre of Molecular Biology and Neuroscience, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. - - 2012
Deregulated CDK activity drives cell proliferation of the majority of human tumors, making CDKs highly relevant research subjects. Cdc28 controls cell cycle progression in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, but the identity of many genes that function in conjunction with CDC28 to regulate the cell cycle and cell viability remains ...
Soura Violetta V School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, BN1 9QG, - - 2012
Aβ42 [amyloid-β peptide-(1-42)] plays a central role in Alzheimer's disease and is known to have a detrimental effect on neuronal cell function and survival when assembled into an oligomeric form. In the present study we show that administration of freshly prepared Aβ42 oligomers to a neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cell line results ...
Fleischmannova Jana - - 2012
Adenosine (Ado) is a crucial metabolite that affects a wide range of physiological processes. Key proteins regulating adenosine signaling, transport and metabolism are conserved among vertebrates and invertebrates. It is well known that Ado influences proliferation of several vertebrate and invertebrate cells. Here we show that Ado negatively influences viability, ...
Hada Takuya - - 2012
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1), catalyzing the transfer of the acyl group from acyl-CoA to carnitine to form acylcarnitine, is located at the outer mitochondrial membrane. Because it is easily inactivated by solubilization, expression systems using living cells are essential for its functional characterization. COS7 cells or yeast cells are often ...
Hoshi Hiroko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cell surface proteoglycans play vital functional roles in various biological processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, inflammation, immune response, sustentation of cartilage tissue and intensity of tissues. We show here that serglycin-like synthetic glycopeptides function efficiently as a molecular shuttle to hijack glycosaminoglycan (GAG) biosynthetic pathway within cells ...
Xu Lizhi - - 2012
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a cyclic heptapeptide that acts as a potent hepatotoxin and carcinogen. However, the mechanism of its carcinogenic action remains undetermined. In this study, MC-LR was used to induce the malignant transformation of the WRL-68 cell line. Alterations in microRNA (miRNA) expression in the transformed cell were analyzed ...
Katz Sándor - - 2012
Intraperitoneal injection of Freund's adjuvant induces acute peritonitis. By the time of the Freund's adjuvant treatment the flat, simple squamous epithelial cells became rounded, cuboidal shaped, many of them have lost their connection with the neighbouring cells and detached from the basement membrane. The macrophage markers' (ED1, OX43 and CD68) ...
Minamizaki Tomoko - - 2012
We previously reported that fetal rat calvaria (RC) cells are osteo-adipogenic bipotential and that PGE(2) receptors EP2 and EP4 are involved in bone nodule formation via both common and distinct MAPK pathways in RC cell cultures. Because PGE(2) participates in multiple biological processes including adipogenesis, it is of interest to ...
Clémenson Céline - - 2012
The potential of EHT 6706, a novel tubulin-binding agent, was investigated in combination with ionizing radiation (IR) and with conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy agents. Cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis and clonogenic assays were performed in five human cancer cell lines: H460 (non small cell lung carcinoma, NSCLC), HCT116 and HCT116 p53-/- ...
Geinguenaud Frédéric - - 2012
A superparamagnetic γFe(2)O(3) nanocarrier was developed, characterized by spectroscopic methods and evaluated for the delivery of a decoy oligonucleotide (dODN) in human colon carcinoma SW 480 cells. This nanoparticle-dODN bioconjugate (γFe(2)O(3)@dODN) was designed to target the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, STAT3, a key regulator of cell survival ...
Döhrmann Mareike - - 2012
Cardiotoxicity is the major dose-limiting adverse effect of anthracyclines and is hypothesized to result from damage induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) or inhibition of topoisomerase II. Here, we comparatively analyzed the effect of doxorubicin and the organic peroxide tertiary-butylhydroperoxide (tBOOH) on stress responses of rat cardiomyblast cells (H9c2). Moreover, ...
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