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Ohno Motofumi - - 2013
When resorbable hydroxyapatite (HA) granules, which are used as a bone supplement material, were treated in neutral 4% sodium fluoride (NaF) solution, formation of a reactant resembling calcium fluoride was observed on the surface of the granules. Immediate and slow release of fluoride from fluoridated HA (HA+F) granules was observed ...
Pithon Matheus Melo - - 2011
Sickle cell anemia is a common hereditary hematologic disease. It affects many systems and tissues in the body, including the mouth. Delayed tooth eruption, an uncommon degree of periodontitis, alterations in the cells of the tongue surface, hypomaturation and hypomineralization in enamel and dentin, pulp calcifications, hypercementosis, and bone alterations ...
Longo João Paulo F - - 2011
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a technique employed in the treatment of several superficial infections, such as caries. PDT uses a non-toxic drug termed photosensitizer (PS) followed by light irradiation. The cytotoxic effects of the therapy are related to the production of reactive species produced after light activation of a photosensitizer, ...
Moore Jonathan E - - 2011
To investigate the effect of tear hyperosmolarity and signs of clinical ocular surface pathology on conjunctival goblet cell population. 111 participants were assessed using tear osmolarity (TO) measurements and a comprehensive selection of clinical ophthalmic tests. The resultant clinical database was assessed for evidence of patterns of composite increasing pathology. ...
Gregoire S - - 2011
Candida albicans and mutans streptococci are frequently detected in dental plaque biofilms from toddlers afflicted with early childhood caries. Glucosyltransferases (Gtfs) secreted by Streptococcus mutans bind to saliva-coated apatite (sHA) and to bacterial surfaces, synthesizing exopolymers in situ, which promote cell clustering and adherence to tooth enamel. We investigated the ...
Bai Shu-wei - - 2011
To assess whether the Pax6 gene is involved in the development of retinoblastoma. Three human retinoblastoma cell cultures were transfected with human Pax6 specific double-stranded, small interfering siRNA molecules RH-1 and RH-2. In addition, untreated control groups and negative control groups (CT groups) transfected with siRNA without homology to the ...
Reinoso Roberto - - 2011
To assess cell viability and cell cycle kinetics of the conjunctival epithelium and to identify intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) subsets in patients with evaporative-type dry eye disease (ev-DED) caused by meibomian gland dysfunction and in healthy subjects. The effect of topical treatment and correlations between clinical symptoms and signs and epithelial ...
Liu Feng - - 2012
The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism by which acrolein (ACR), a metabolite of cyclophosphamide (CP), induces immature Sertoli cell cytoskeletal changes. Sertoli cells obtained from rats were cultivated and treated with 50 and 100 μM ACR. XTT assays were performed to detect cell viability. Activities of superoxide ...
Pietzner Klaus - - 2011
In the past, treatment for malignant ascites focussed on symptomatic relief or treatment of the underlying disease. A promising option evolved with catumaxomab (Removab(®)) in 2009. Since catumaxomab is a bispecific, trifunctional antibody with mouse-rat origin, so far repeated treatment cycles were not an option due to the occurrence of ...
Lee Joon Kyoo - - 2011
KAI1 COOH-terminal interacting tetraspanin (KITENIN) has been found to act as a promoter of metastasis in murine models of colon cancer and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The suppression of tumor progression and metastasis of established colon cancer in mice was observed after intravenous delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting ...
Chan Leo L - - 2011
Cell phenotyping and cell cycle analysis are two commonly used assays in both clinical diagnosis and biomedical research. Cell phenotyping by identifying different biomarkers is essential for the diagnosis of hematologic malignancy, sub-classifying diseases, monitoring response to treatment, predicting prognosis, detecting rare cell populations and residual malignant cells. Cell cycle ...
Bibi Asima - - 2011
The thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TALH) is normally exposed to variable and often very high osmotic stress and involves different mechanisms to counteract this stress. ER resident calcium binding proteins especially calreticulin (CALR) play an important role in different stress balance mechanisms. To investigate the role of CALR ...
Betjes Michiel G H - - 2011
Progressive loss of renal function is associated with a dysregulation of circulating T cells that may underlie their impaired T-cell immunity. Here we tested whether end-stage renal disease (ESRD)-related T-cell alterations are compatible with the concept of premature immunological aging. Younger patients (25-45 years old) with ESRD were found to ...
Rajendran Priya - - 2011
Abstract -  The prognosis of teeth replanted following avulsion is determined by the extra-alveolar time and storage medium used. This study was undertaken to determine the efficacy of an oral rehydration solution 'Ricetral', in retaining the vitality of periodontal ligament cells when used as a storage medium for avulsed teeth ...
Berthier Erwin - - 2011
Laminar flow patterning (LFP) is a characteristic method of microfluidic systems that allows two (or more) different solutions to flow side-by-side in a channel without convective mixing. This fluid behavior can be used to pattern cell suspensions, particles, and treatments as well as to create chemical gradients. LFP is typically ...
Vogel Paul A - - 2011
Transendothelial electronic resistance (TEER) measurements are performed across a cell layer immobilized on a microfluidic device that also enables the cell layer to interact with a flowing stream of red blood cells (RBCs). A bipolar pulsed square wave potential is applied across a monolayer of bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells, ...
Kojadinovic Mila - - 2011
We developed a new set of software tools that enable the speed and response kinetics of large numbers of tethered bacterial cells to be rapidly measured and analyzed. The software provides precision, accuracy, and a good signal-to-noise ratio combined with ease of data handling and processing. The software was tested ...
Grieco V - - 2011
Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections from 32 canine pairs of testes were immunohistochemically examined for Inhibin-α (INHα). Samples were subdivided into two groups (group 1, neonates; group 2, puppies and adults) and results statistically compared. Inhibin-α was significantly expressed only in Sertoli cells of neonatal testes, while in Leydig cells it was ...
Diler Songül Budak - - 2011
The micronucleus (MN) assay in exfoliated buccal cells is a minimally invasive method for monitoring genetic damage in human populations and is used as an indicator of genotoxic exposition, as it is associated with chromosome aberrations. In this study, we evaluated MN frequencies and other nuclear changes (NCs), such as ...
Chu Wenhua - - 2011
A series of isatin analogs containing a hydrophilic group, including a pyridine ring, ethylene glycol group, and a triazole ring, have been synthesized, and their inhibition potency for caspase-3 was measured both in vitro (i.e., recombinant enzyme) and in whole cells (HeLa cells). The analogs having a hydrophilic group, including ...
Ortega Priscila - - 2011
The gills contain essential cells for respiration and osmoregulation, whereas the hepatopancreas is the site of digestion, absorption, and nutrients storage. The aim of this work was to separate and characterize gill and hepatopancreatic cells of the mangrove crab, Ucides cordatus. For gills, the methodology consisted of an enzymatic cellular ...
Khare Ekta - - 2011
Bioformulation that supports the inoculant under storage condition and on application to field is of prime importance for agroindustry. Pseudomonas strain EKi having biocontrol activity against Macrophomina phaseolina was used in the study. EKi cells were pretreated by carbon starvation, osmotic stress (NaCl), and freeze drying conditions, and talc-based bioformulation ...
Zhang Rong - - 2011
Purpose:  To examine the effect of intraocularly produced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on the survival rate of retinal ganglion cells in an optic nerve crush model. Methods:  Forty-one Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a study group (21 animals) in which 4 beads with 3000 genetically modified cells to produce GLP-1 were ...
Villa-Forte Alexandra - - 2011
Giant cell arteritis is the most common form of vasculitis affecting older people, and the diagnosis should be considered in older patients who present with the new onset of headache, visual dysfunction, polymyalgia rheumatica, or systemic inflammatory symptoms. Physicians should be familiar with its variety of clinical presentations and the ...
Hiebl B - - 2011
Soft hydrophobic poly(n-butyl acrylate) networks (cPnBA) were developed as entropy elastic substrates for passive mechanical stimulation of cells, where the elastic modulus of the cPnBAs could be systematically adjusted by variation of the cross-link density. The networks were synthesized by thermally-induced radical polymerization from n-butyl acrylate, with poly(propylene glycol) dimethacrylate ...
Li Chen - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine whether T(H)17 cells are involved in the development and metastasis of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). STUDY DESIGN: T(H)17 cells frequencies in 67 HNSCC patients and 21 healthy volunteers were examined by flow cytometric analysis. T(H)17 cell-related cytokines in serum (interleukin ...
Shiga Tania M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Fruit softening is generally attributed to cell wall degradation in the majority of fruits. However, unripe bananas contain a large amount of starch, and different banana cultivars vary in the amount of starch remaining in ripe fruits. Since studies on changes in pulp firmness carried out with bananas are ...
Gutschi T - - 2011
The objective of the present retrospective study was to report our experience concerning the effects of cell phone usage on semen parameters. We examined 2110 men attending our infertility clinic from 1993 to October 2007. Semen analysis was performed in all patients. Serum free testosterone (T), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), ...
Srivastava Girish K - - 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate the use of elastin-like recombinamers (ELRs) as a substrate that can maintain the growth, phenotype, and functional characteristics of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells efficiently and as a suitable carrier for the transplantation of autologous RPE cells for treatment of age-related macular ...
Sanchez-Siles M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The most important complication of oral lichen planus is malignancy transformation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess cellular and nuclear morphology in a group of patients with oral lichen planus measured by means of buccal micronucleus cytome assay. STUDY DESIGN: This study included thirty patients with ...
Guo Feng - - 2011
To investigate the inducements of increase of cell hydrophobicity from aerobic biofloc (ABF) and granular sludge (AGS), in this study, as the first time the hydrophilic and hydrophobic bacterial communities were analyzed independently. Meanwhile, the effect of extracellular polymers (EPS) on the cell hydrophobicity is also studied. Few Bacteroidetes were ...
Kim Seong-Gon - - 2011
Resistance to chemotherapy is very important in the prognosis of tumors. Transglutaminase-2 (TG-2) mediated chemotherapy resistance has been widely reported. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the effect of 4-hexylresorcinol (4-HR) on TG-2 activity in nasopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma cells (KB cells). Treatment with a mixture of 4-HR ...
González-Morán María Genoveva - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the sequence of the histological and stereological changes that occur in diverse components of left growing and right regressing ovaries of Gallus domesticus as well as the variations in the number and size of the different cell subpopulations from 8-day-old chicken embryo ...
Jorge Carla D - - 2011
Protein misfolding and deposition in the brain are implicated in the etiology of numerous neurodegenerative disorders. Here, organic solutes characteristic of microorganisms adapted to hot environments, were tested on experimental cell models of Huntington's and Parkinson's diseases. Diglycerol phosphate, di-myo-inositol phosphate, mannosylglycerate, and mannosylglyceramide were not toxic to the cells, ...
Wang Yi-Cheng - - 2011
Glycine-N methyltransferase (GNMT) is a potential tumor suppressor that is commonly inactivated in human hepatoma. We systematically investigated how GNMT regulates methyl group kinetics and global DNA methylation. HepG2 cells (GNMT inactive, GNMT-) and cells transfected with GNMT expressed vector (GNMT+) were cultured in low (10 μmol/L), adequate (100 μmol/L), ...
Reynolds John R - - 2011
The effect of the macromolecular additive, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), on the performance of solution processed molecular bulk heterojunction solar cells is investigated, and the addition of PDMS is shown to improve device power conversion efficiency by ~70% and significantly reduce cell-to-cell variation, from a power conversion efficiency of 1.25 ± 0.37% ...
Rao S Madusudan - - 2011
Fluorosis is one of the manifestations of chronic poisoning from long-term exposure to high levels of fluoride. An estimated 62 million people in 17 states in India are affected with dental and skeletal fluorosis. To evaluate the cytological morphology of exfoliated oral mucosal cells among various stages of fluorosis patients ...
Cohen Arava Shatil - - 2011
The hydraulic conductivity of the leaf vascular system (K(leaf) ) is dynamic and decreases rapidly under drought stress, possibly in response to the stress phytohormone ABA which increases sharply in the xylem sap (ABA(xyl) ) during periods of drought. Vascular bundle-sheath cells (BSCs; a layer of parenchymatous cells tightly enwrapping ...
Aly Hamdy A A - - 2011
TCDD, as an endocrine disruptor, is known to impair testicular functions and fertility. To elucidate the mechanism(s) underlying the testicular effects of TCDD, the potential toxicity of TCDD on Sertoli cells was investigated. Furthermore, the study aims to delineate whether mitochondrial fractions of Sertoli cells are involved in meditating the ...
Pulsfort Ann K - - 2011
Standard protocols for autologous fat transfer involve centrifugation of the lipoaspirate for better separation. The effect of the centrifugal forces on cell viability and possible induction of apoptosis is discussed controversially in current literature. We have examined the vitality of adipocytes in lipoaspirates after centrifugation by 8 different accelerations up ...
Louman-Gardiner K M - - 2011
Lower back pain due to intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is a prevalent problem which drastically affects the quality of life of millions of sufferers. Healthy IVDs begin with high populations of notochordal cells in the nucleus pulposus, while by the second stage of degeneration, these cells will be replaced by ...
Stroka Kimberly M - - 2011
Biological processes such as atherogenesis, wound healing, cancer cell metastasis, and immune cell transmigration rely on a delicate balance between Cell-Cell and cell-substrate adhesion. Cell mechanics have been shown to depend on substrate factors such as stiffness and ligand presentation, while the effects of Cell-Cell interactions on the mechanical properties ...
Wilmer Martijn J - - 2011
Recent evidence implies that impaired metabolism of glutathione has a role in the pathogenesis of nephropathic cystinosis. This recessive inherited disorder is characterized by lysosomal cystine accumulation and results in renal Fanconi syndrome progressing to end stage renal disease in the majority of patients. The most common treatment involves intracellular ...
Petrunkina A M - - 2011
Many research projects in cell biology now use flow cytometry for analysis or for isolation of specific cell types. In such studies, cell viability is obviously a crucial issue. However, many studies appear to rely upon light-scattering characteristics to identify and gate out non-viable cells, despite the fact that reliable ...
Terao Kyohei - - 2011
We propose a novel method of cell positioning using electroosmotic flow (EOF) to analyze cell-cell interactions. The EOF chip has an open-to-air configuration, is equipped with four electrodes to induce multi-directional EOF, and allows access of tools for liquid handling and of physical probes for cell measurements. Evaluation of the ...
Hégaret Hélène - - 2011
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) can have both lethal and sublethal impacts on shellfish. To understand the possible roles of haemocytes in bivalve immune responses to HABs and how the algae are affected by these cells (haemocytes), in vitro tests between cultured harmful algal species and haemocytes of the northern quahog ...
Reeves R Keith - - 2011
Since the vast majority of infections occur at mucosal surfaces, accurate characterization of mucosal immune cells is critically important for understanding transmission and control of infectious diseases. Standard flow cytometric analysis of cells obtained from mucosal tissues can provide valuable information on the phenotype of mucosal leukocytes and their relative ...
Yáñez M Adela - - 2011
One of the greatest challenges of implementing fast molecular detection methods as part of Legionella surveillance systems is to limit detection to live cells. In this work, a protocol for sample treatment with propidium monoazide (PMA) in combination with quantitative PCR (qPCR) has been optimized and validated for L. pneumophila ...
Jacobs Tom F - - 2011
PURPOSE: More and more orthopedic procedures are performed in an outpatient setting. A commonly used strategy in pain management is the intra-articular injection of local anesthetics. Recent attention has been drawn to their possible toxic effect on chondrocytes. Local anesthetics, and in particular Lidocaine, are also used for diagnostic joint ...
DuBois Steven G - - 2012
Circulating endothelial cells (CECs) have been detected at increased numbers in patients with solid cancers. CECs have not been systematically evaluated in patients with osteosarcoma. Patients 12 months to 30 years of age with newly diagnosed high-grade osteosarcoma were eligible for this prospective cohort study. Patients provided a single blood ...
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