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Results 301 - 350 of 1612
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E Michalska Anna - - 2007
To realize their potentials, embryonic stem (ES) cells must be maintained in optimal culture conditions that preserve their pluripotency and self-renewal capacity. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) are used to prepare a feeder cell layer that supports the growth of ES cells and the quality of feeders is crucial for the ...
Shimakita Tomonori - - 2007
An apparatus for the non-culture method (NCM) of microbial cell count was formerly developed and named a bioplorer. The bioplorer NCM is based on the double staining of cells with 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) and propidium iodide (PI) and the automatic analysis of their fluorescent microscopic images. Viable cells can be ...
Rabal Obdulia - - 2007
Cell-based methods and the diversity integral criterion (a distance-based technique) are commonly used approaches for assessing the diversity of collections of compounds in terms of space coverage. The main deficiency with cell-based methods is the arbitrariness of cell boundaries which leads to edge effects or cluster artifacts, i.e., situations in ...
Guo Junming - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increasing the sensitivity and specificity of detecting circulating carcinoma cells of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is very important for monitoring recurrence. GOAL: To establish a novel method of detecting circulating carcinoma cells. STUDY: For method development, 3 sets of controls using HCC cell line HepG2 cells were used. ...
Kubota M - - 2007
Quantitative PCR can be an effective method for identifying the bacteria causing mastitis. However, PCR detection is hampered by the presence of inflammatory somatic cells. To eliminate this problem, we attempted to establish methods that allow the effective separation of bacterial cells from somatic cells in mastitis milk with amino-silica. ...
Wang Kelong - - 2007
A simple device for the separation of cells by phenotype is described. Cells are separated/isolated using capture antibodies on a glass chip. Unlike other "sandwich" type assays, the readout is performed without labels using transmission microscopy, simplifying cell enumeration. T and B lymphocytes from cell culture or whole blood were ...
Escobar-Herrera Jaime - - 2007
The standardization of a plaque assay for feline calicivirus in Crandell Reese feline kidney cells using carboxymethyl-cellulose as an overlay medium is described in this report. This methodology gives comparable counts as compared to the standard assay, and prevents monolayer roll over and peel off, as well as easy medium ...
Kissling Grace E - - 2007
Until recently, the in vivo erythrocyte micronucleus assay has been scored using microscopy. Because the frequency of micronucleated cells is typically low, cell counts are subject to substantial binomial counting error. Counting error, along with inter-animal variability, limit the sensitivity of this assay. Recently, flow cytometric methods have been developed ...
Hyodo Maki - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We have determined the number of fetal nucleated cells and the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA in parallel in the same maternal blood samples either before or after delivery, and studied the relationship between these two. METHODS: Venous blood samples were taken at four points around delivery from ten ...
Gadelha A P R - - 2007
In this work, we describe a semiautomated computer method to evaluate the activity of a common drug solvent, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), on in vitro Giardia lamblia-host cell interaction. To compare the number of intestinal cells (IEC-6) and the adhered trophozoites over a specific area in control and treated coculture, a ...
Namsolleck Pawel - - 2007
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), which is used for the enumeration of bacteria in various ecosystems including the human intestinal tract, has several limitations. One of the major problems encountered is the uneven distribution of bacterial cells on the slide surface, which increases the coefficient of variation between repetitions and ...
Porra Valérie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As an alternative to the cumbersome Kleihauer-Betke test (KBT), flow cytometry represents a powerful method for the identification and quantification of fetal red blood cells (RBCs) in maternal circulation. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Fetal Cell Count kit (IQ Products), an ...
Kim Youngho - - 2007
To reduce the problem of cell loss due to adhesion, one of the basic phenomena in microchannel, we proposed the droplet-based magnetically activated cell separator (DMACS). Based on the platform of the DMACS-which consists of permanent magnets, a coverslip with a circle-shaped boundary, and an injection tube-we could collect magnetically ...
Bonnet Noël - - 2007
We propose two methods for characterizing the spatio-temporal behavior of cell populations in culture. The first method, image auto-correlation microscopy (IACM), allows us to characterize the variation in the number of objects as a function of time, thus enabling the quantification of the clustering properties of cell populations to be ...
Wu X-L - - 2007
A Bayesian analysis via Markov chain Monte Carlo methods extending the simultaneous and recursive model of Gianola and Sorensen (2004) was proposed to account for possible population heterogeneity. The method was used to infer relationships between milk yield and somatic cell scores of Norwegian Red cows. Data consisted of test-day ...
Mohamed Hisham - - 2007
Isolation of fetal cells from maternal circulation is the subject of intense research to eliminate the need for currently used invasive prenatal diagnosis procedures. Fetal cells can be isolated using magnetic-activated cell sorting or fluorescence-activated cell sorting, however no technique to specifically isolate and use fetal cells for genetic diagnosis ...
Zheng Siyang - - 2007
This paper presents development of a parylene membrane microfilter device for single stage capture and electrolysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in human blood, and the potential of this device to allow genomic analysis. The presence and number of CTCs in blood has recently been demonstrated to provide significant prognostic ...
Cheng Xuanhong - - 2007
Cell-based microfluidic devices have attracted interest for a wide range of applications. While optical cell counting and flow cytometry-type devices have been reported extensively, sensitive and efficient non-optical methods to detect and quantify cells attached over large surface areas within microdevices are generally lacking. We describe an electrical method for ...
Du Meng - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the viable but nonculturable (VBNC) state of the bacterium. Vibrio alginolyticus VIB283 was cultured in sterilized seawater microcosm at 4 degrees C. Culturability of the cells in the microcosm was monitored by spread plate count (PC) on 2216E agar, PCs declined to ...
Agarwal Ashok - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of cell phone use on various markers of semen quality. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Three hundred sixty-one men undergoing infertility evaluation were divided into four groups according to their active cell phone use: group A: no use; group B: <2 h/day; group ...
Berry Elizabeth - - 2007
Milk quality is measured by a variety of parameters and one of these is the number of somatic cells in the milk. Within the bovine dairy industry there are maximum acceptable levels on bulk milk cell counts and these are being introduced into caprine dairy production. The reference method for ...
本間, 恒行
The properties of MnO_2 which are made from the thermal decomposition of MnCO_3 in air at 5 atm have been compared with those of MnO_2 made from several other methods. The following experiments were made to examine of the properties of MnO_2 : the specific surface area by BET method, ...
Olde Riekerink R G M - - 2007
Bulk milk somatic cell count (BMSCC), individual cow somatic cell count (ICSCC), and incidence rate of clinical mastitis (IRCM) are all udder health parameters. So far, no studies have been reported on the effect of season on BMSCC, IRCM, and ICSCC in the same herds and period over multiple years. ...
Bizzarro Matthew J - - 2007
AIM: To measure circulating CD34+ cell levels in premature neonates and to correlate the initial CD34+ counts with measures of pulmonary function and neonatal morbidity. METHODS: CD34+ cell counts were measured in the peripheral blood of preterm neonates (gestational ages 24-32 weeks) ventilated for respiratory disease at <48 h of ...
Hammond Emma - - 2007
We report a novel TaqMan assay for JAK2 V617F that measures averaged copies per cell in absolute terms, as opposed to a ratio of mutant to wild-type alleles. Measurements were obtained by comparing the JAK2 V617F signal generated by the test samples to that generated by a set of external ...
Jadhav Meenal Vitthal - - 2007
36 patients with pleural effusion were studied clinically with pertinent investigations and pleural fluid analysis. The pleural fluid analysis was done with routine protocol including study of traditional parameters like protein and cell count and additional parameters like pleural LDH, GOT(AST) and their ratio with serum LDH and GOT respectively. ...
Kolialexi A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to quantitate apoptosis in maternal circulation and umbilical cord blood (UCB) at delivery. The proportion of fetal cells in maternal blood as well as that of maternal cells in UCB was also determined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three milliliters of peripheral blood was collected ...
Bani Ismail Z - - 2007
Eighteen synovial fluid samples from 11 male dromedarian calves, 9-12 month old, were analysed cytologically and bacteriologically. Calves were lame and all joints were grossly swollen. The mean +/- SD of total nucleated cell count was 7970 +/- 5000 cells/microl (range 2800-20,000 cells/microl). Polymorphonuclear (PMN) leucocytes were the predominant cell ...
Jayaram L - - 2007
Technical factors relating to processing viscid sputum in cystic fibrosis (CF) and their influence on the reproducibility and validity of cell counts need to be evaluated. In addition, the methods need to be standardized so that they can be applied clinically and in research. To examine the efficiency, reliability and ...
Fernandez-Da Silva, Rafael
Two methods were evaluated in order to assess the viability of protoplasts and cell suspensions of Coffea arabica   cv. Catimor used in a protocol of transformation by electroporation. One method consisted of staining with 1 % Evans blue and the other staining with 1% 3-[4,5-dimethyltiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT). When Evans ...
Abdullah S - - 2007
To develop an objective and easy to complete standardised questionnaire for documentation of synovial fluid (SF) gross appearance and use it in the assessment of patients presenting to the rheumatology service with a joint effusion. A standardised questionnaire to record the gross appearance of SF was developed. Interobserver error in ...
Merle Roswitha - - 2007
Udder defence mechanisms are not completely explained by current mastitis research. The anatomical construction of the udder implies that infection of one udder quarter does not influence the immune status of neighbouring quarters. To test this hypothesis, we compared the immune reactions of individual udder quarters in response to microbial ...
Hundley Andrew F - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine whether the method of urine collection impacts the adequacy and cell counts of cytology specimens in a low-risk population. Voided, post-cystometrogram (CMG), and bladder irrigant specimens were collected and evaluated for cytologic adequacy and average cell count by a single cytopathologist masked ...
Layla Mohamed
The viability, Purity and count of monocytes isolated from peripheral blood of camels were assessed after the isolation of these cells on 9, 10 and 12% concentrations of Ficoll/Hypaque. The results obtained showed that 97% viable cells were obtained using the three concentrations of the Ficoll/Hypaque. For purity, 12% Ficoll ...
Albrecht Andreas - - 2007
Standard methods for quantification of airborne bacteria are based on cultivation and counting of grown colonies. From complex natural environments it is known that only a small fraction of the total number of cells can be cultivated on routinely used agar-media. Direct microscopic cell counting after DNA-staining usually generates higher ...
Siemsen Daniel W - - 2007
Advances in the understanding of neutrophil biochemistry require the development of effective procedures for isolating purified neutrophil populations. Although methods for human neutrophil isolation are now standard, similar procedures for isolating neutrophils from many of the nonhuman species used to model human diseases are not as well developed. Because neutrophils ...
Wen Chien-Hui - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the technique ofmicroarray construction can be applied to paraffin-embedded cell block specinmens. STUDY DESIGN: We used a manual microarray method for construction of a well-aligned cell microarray. First we evaluated the cellularity of the cell block and assigned the cases to the null, low, moderate or ...
Sermon Karen - - 2007
We provide an overview of the methodology involved in single cell polymerase chain reaction (PCR), especially for single lymphocytes or cultured lymphoblasts and blastomeres. The first step toward single cell PCR is isolation of single cells; the protocols given can be carried out using basic instruments such as a stereomicroscope. ...
Floriano Pierre N - - 2007
The advent of flow cytometry has considerably changed the ways in which medical testing is conducted. However, the cost of flow cytometers, their large size, and their maintenance needs make them scarce in resource-poor settings and available almost only in clinical pathology laboratories in developed countries. Because cell enumeration is ...
Hickerson D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cell populations manufactured by conventional commercial cell sorters have been safely infused into patients, but reliably sterilizing these instruments remains challenging. We are developing clinical protocols involving use of ALDH bright cells manufactured by cell sorting in patients. However, we encountered problems when we attempted to reliably sterilize the ...
Woo Michelle M M - - 2007
The most commonly used means of assessing the invasiveness of cultured cells is the Boyden chamber assay, which requires that cells lyse Matrigel, followed by migration through pores in a filter in response to a chemotactic gradient. This report describes a simple method, which greatly increases the speed and accuracy ...
Surchev Lachezar - - 2007
The cerebellum has been widely used as a paradigm to study basic mechanisms of brain development and cortical histogenesis. Its highly regular structure has always made it particularly attractive to approaches relying on, and yielding, quantitative information, which provide a cornerstone of systems-oriented integrative analyses. Astonishingly, though, a systematic quantification ...
Marchenko Steven - - 2007
Knowledge of the exact number of viable cells in a given volume of a cell suspension is required for many routine tissue culture manipulations, such as plating cells for immunocytochemistry or for cell transfections. This protocol describes a straightforward and fast method for differentiating between live and dead cells and ...
Zhang, Liren
Copies of author's previously published articles inserted
Du Meng - - 2007
Edwardsiella tarda is pathogen of fish and other animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the viable but nonculturable (VBNC) state and virulence retention of this bacterium. Edwardsiella tarda CW7 was cultured in sterilized aged seawater at 4 degrees C. Total cell counts remained constant throughout the 28-day ...
New York State Agricultural ...
64 pages, 1 article
Rundström Gerd - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A simple point-of-care method for measuring leukocyte counts in a doctor's office or emergency room could be of great importance. We developed a protocol for measuring cell count by disrupting the cell membrane and analyzing specific proteins within the cells and used it to analyze proteins from eosinophils and ...
Stettler Matthieu - - 2006
We present a new approach for biomass assessment in cell culture using a disposable microcentrifuge tube. The specially designed tube is fitted with an upper chamber for sample loading and a lower 5 microL capillary for cell collection during centrifugation. The resulting packed cell volume (PCV) can be quantitatively expressed ...
Vernochet C - - 2007
It is now well established that cells are exchanged between mother and fetus during gestation. It has been proposed that some of these exchanges take place in the placenta, but it has never been demonstrated. Here, we made use of EGFP (Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein) transgenic mice to precisely visualize ...
Taupin Vanessa - - 2006
Intracellular development of microsporidian parasites comprises a proliferative phase (merogony) followed by a differentiation phase (sporogony) leading to the release of resistant spores. Sporogony implies, successively, meront-to-sporont transformation, sporont division into sporoblasts, and sporogenesis. We report a procedure improving the separation of sporogonial stages of Encephalitozoon cuniculi, a species that ...
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