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Results 201 - 250 of 1644
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Omori Atsuko - - 2010
Placental/umbilical cord blood (CB) has been used increasingly not only for transplantations, but also in the field of life science research. However, little information is available on the biological characteristics of CB units collected in rural areas because no medical facilities are affiliated with CB banks. Little attention has been ...
Bruce Andrew T - - 2010
Suspensions of viable urothelial cells (UC) isolated from patient bladder biopsies often contain considerable amounts of extraneous materials comprised of cellular debris, dead and dying UC, and red blood cells. We have consistently observed an inversely proportional relationship between UC attachment efficiency and the amount of extraneous materials in the ...
Black David A - - 2010
Coordinate expression of CTGF and TGF-ss plays an important role in tissue fibrosis. Expression of these factors is increased under hypoxic conditions. Treatment of cells under hypoxic conditions with fructose-1,6-bisphosphate has been previously shown to decrease production of CTGF [1]. Mannose-6-phosphate (M6P) may function to down regulate fibrosis by bypassing ...
Guarner Jeannette - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Each institution sets specific parameters obtained by automated hematology analyzers to trigger manual counts. We designed a process to decrease the number of manual differential cell counts without impacting patient care. METHODS: We selected new criteria that prompt manual counts and studied the impact these changes had in 2 ...
Ren Xiaomin - - 2010
We introduce here a method for continuous intact cell detection and viability determination of individual trypan blue stained cells by CE with ultraviolet-visible dual-wavelength detection. To avoid cell aggregation or damage during electrophoresis, cells after staining were fixed with 4% formaldehyde and were continuously introduced into the capillary by EOF. ...
Schmidt Marcin T - - 2010
Microbial colonization is an important step in establishing pathogenic or probiotic relations to host cells and in biofilm formation on industrial or medical devices. The aim of this work was to verify the applicability of quantitative PCR (Real-Time PCR) to measure bacterial colonization of epithelial cells. Salmonella enterica and Caco-2 ...
Altug G - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate whether the use of direct viable count (DVC), quantitative viable count (qDVC), colony-forming units and the contribution of capsule-bearing bacteria to the total number of bacteria and esterase-active bacteria could be used to clearly differentiate viable cells in various trophic status of seawater. METHODS AND RESULTS: Hundred ...
Nikolaidis Ilias - - 2010
A case of a 69-year-old woman with myelofibrosis presenting with non-small cell lung cancer was reported at Sotiria General Hospital in Athens. She was administered bevacizumab infusions biweekly and a great decrease in the number of her white blood cells was observed. Such low levels of white blood cells had ...
Kachouie Nezamoddin N - - 2010
Methods of manual cell localization and outlining are so onerous that automated tracking methods would seem mandatory for handling huge image sequences, nevertheless manual tracking is, astonishingly, still widely practiced in areas such as cell biology which are outside the influence of most image processing research. The goal of our ...
Forero Manuel Guillermo MG Neurodevelopment Group, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2010
Cell number changes during normal development, and in disease (e.g., neurodegeneration, cancer). Many genes affect cell number, thus functional genetic analysis frequently requires analysis of cell number alterations upon loss of function mutations or in gain of function experiments. Drosophila is a most powerful model organism to investigate the function ...
Pimentel J A JA Engineering and Computer Science, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 CU Distrito Federal, México. - - 2010
In this work, we describe a segmentation cell method oriented to deal with experimental data obtained from 3D+t microscopical volumes. The proposed segmentation technique takes advantage of the pattern of appearances exhibited by the objects (cells) from different focal planes, as a result of the object translucent properties and its ...
Li Simon S Department of Engineering, University of Oxford, UK. - - 2010
The increasing amounts of microscopy data generated in cell biology requires the development of automated tools for the quantitative analysis of images. Clumps of cells are difficult to segment due to the frequent lack of clear boundaries between cells and are often ignored, but communication between cells is an intrinsic ...
Hector A - - 2010
Induced sputum is the most commonly used method to analyze airway inflammation in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients ex vivo. Due to the complex matrix of the sample material, precise and reliable analysis of sputum constituents depends critically on preanalytical issues. Here we compared the commonly used method for sputum processing ...
Itzhaki-Alfia Ayelet - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The identification and isolation of human cardiac progenitor cells (hCPCs) offer new approaches for myocardial regeneration and repair. Still, the optimal source of human cardiac progenitor cells and the influence of patient characteristics on their number remain unclear. Using a novel method to isolate human cardiac progenitor cells, we ...
Riggio V - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of somatic cell count (SCC) on functional longevity and to estimate the heritability of functional longevity using survival analysis in Valle del Belice dairy sheep. A total of 4,880 lactations of 2,190 ewes from 11 flocks were used. In this ...
Moehlenbrock Michael J - - 2009
Enzymatic biofuel cells, which replace expensive metal catalysts with enzymes, are still in an early stage of development. This article details the analytical techniques that are often employed for evaluating and characterizing enzymatic biofuel cells and their corresponding bioanodes and biocathodes. (To listen to a podcast about this feature, please ...
Zaman Ferhana - - 2009
Ultra-scale down (USD) methodology developed by University College London for cell broth clarification with industrial centrifuges was applied to two common cell lines (NS0 and GS-CHO) expressing various therapeutic monoclonal antibodies. A number of centrifuges at various scales were used with shear devices operating either by high speed rotation or ...
Tahar Aissa Jamel - - 2009
This study showed that macrophages, B cells, and T cells occurred at different frequencies, localizations, and times after acute laser tympanic membrane perforation. Immunological cells were most prevalent in the proliferative mass adjacent to the annulus region. The cellular immunological response in freshly perforated eardrums was unexpectedly aggressive. To study ...
Reimann Sebastian - - 2010
Viability of probiotic bacteria is traditionally assessed by plate counting which has several limitations, including underestimation of cells in aggregates or chains morphology. We describe a quantitative PCR (qPCR)-based method for an accurate enumeration of viable cells of Bifidobacterium longum NCC2705 exhibiting different morphologies by measuring the mRNA levels of ...
Hirota Yusuke - - 2010
The separation characteristics of a wire-wire type dielectrophoretic (DEP) filter were evaluated using animal cells. The separation of cells with different activities was examined using a DEP filter. The specific growth rate of the cells in retention liquid was larger than that in permeation liquid. From the culture results of ...
Amato Domenico - - 2010
To compare two different techniques for preparation of pre-cut lamellar corneal tissue for Descemet stripping automated keratoplasty. Eight donor lenticules were created with a full pass of the microkeratome blade, which resulted in a posterior lamella and a free cap (anterior lamella off group (AL-off)). Contralateral donor lenticules were created ...
King D S - - 2010
To (i) develop a protocol that would eliminate or greatly reduce sporulation within Bacillus anthracis vegetative cells, and (ii) harvest an adequate number of cells and sufficient DNA suitable for molecular methods including Riboprint analysis and pulse field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Seven strains of B. anthracis (Ames, French B2, Heluky, ...
Tait A S - - 2009
This article describes how a combination of an ultra scale-down (USD) shear device feeding a microwell centrifugation plate may be used to provide a prediction of how mammalian cell broth will clarify at scale. In particular a method is described that is inherently adaptable to a robotic platform and may ...
Alyassin Mohamad A MA Bio-Acoustic MEMS in Medicine Laboratory, Center for Biomedical Engineering, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2009
Lab-chip device analysis often requires high throughput quantification of fluorescent cell images, obtained under different conditions of fluorescent intensity, illumination, focal depth, and optical magnification. Many laboratories still use manual counting--a tedious, expensive process prone to inter-observer variability. The manual counting process can be automated for fast and precise data ...
Lievaart Jan - - 2009
Bulk milk somatic cell count (BMSCC) is a frequently used parameter to estimate the subclinical mastitis prevalence in a dairy herd, but it often differs considerably from the average SCC of all individual cows in milk. In this study, first the sampling variation was determined on 53 dairy farms with ...
Fong Chui-Yee - - 2009
Discontinuous density gradients have been shown to be very efficient in sperm enrichment in assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Percoll [polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-coated silica] which is a colloidal agent commonly used in such gradients is now confined to only research purposes in ART because its PVP component was considered toxic for clinical ...
Fong Chui-Yee - - 2009
Discontinuous density gradients have been shown to be very efficient in sperm enrichment in assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Percoll [polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-coated silica] which is a colloidal agent commonly used in such gradients is now confined to only research purposes in ART because its PVP component was considered toxic for clinical ...
Lee Jung-Lim - - 2009
The effect of refrigerated and frozen storage on the viability of Vibrio vulnificus was evaluated using cell suspensions (1x10(8) CFU/ml). Ethidium bromide monoazide (EMA) was utilized to selectively allow real-time (Rti) PCR amplification of target DNA from viable but not dead cells. Bacterial survivors from the EMA Rti-PCR were evaluated ...
van Straten M - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine associations between body weight (BW) and body condition score (BCS) variables indicating a more severe negative energy balance in early lactation and events of somatic cell counts (SCC) >250,000 cells/mL and SCC >400,000 cells/mL in dairy cows. We studied lactations from 634 ...
Ordóñez-Gutiérrez L - - 2009
Two recombinant barley cystatins, HvCPI5 and HvCPI6, have been tested in vitro against promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania infantum in the J774 monocytic cell line. Toxicity of cystatins for J774 cells was also determined. In addition, a comparison between direct counts of intracellular amastigotes and quantitation of burden by ...
Martinez Viedma Pilar - - 2009
Enterocin AS-48 was tested against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, and Listeria monocytogenes in different kinds of desserts. The highest activity against S. aureus was detected in baker cream. However, in yogurt-type soy-based desserts and in gelatin pudding, AS-48 (175 arbitrary units [AU]/g) reduced viable cell counts of S. aureus by ...
Schmidt Michael - - 2009
BACKGROUND: According to German regulations and guidelines, residual red blood cells (rRBCs) and residual white blood cells (rWBCs) must number fewer than 3 x 10(9) cells/unit and 1 x 10(6) cells/unit in platelet concentrates (PCs), respectively. Due to low levels of residual cells in final products, there is still a ...
Ekholm M E - - 2010
AIM: Fluorescent protein-based indicators have enabled measurement of intracellular signals previously nearly inaccessible for studies. However, indicators showing intracellular translocation upon response suffer from serious limitations, especially the very time-consuming data collection. We therefore set out in this study to evaluate whether fixing and counting cells showing translocation could mend ...
Rabanel Jean-Michel - - 2009
Cell encapsulation in microcapsules allows the in situ delivery of secreted proteins to treat different pathological conditions. Spherical microcapsules offer optimal surface-to-volume ratio for protein and nutrient diffusion, and thus, cell viability. This technology permits cell survival along with protein secretion activity upon appropriate host stimuli without the deleterious effects ...
Akduman Levent - - 2009
Several subjective and arbitrary grading methods are used in assessing cell and flare in uveitis. Clinicians are in need of an objective method of determining and monitoring active inflammation. We studied the correlation of changes in macular thickness between the visits and compared the change to visual acuity (VA), cell, ...
Prowse Andrew - - 2009
Enumeration of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) numbers through single cell digestion can be time consuming especially in high-throughput or multi-factorial analysis containing 50+ samples. We have developed a reproducible, cost-effective method of counting hESCs in clumps circumventing the need to manually dissociate each sample to single cells. The method ...
White Victoria V Medical Research Council Cancer Cell Unit, Hutchison/MRC Research Centre, Cambridge, - - 2009
Promising stool-based screening tests for colorectal carcinoma (CRC) rely on detection of exfoliated colonocytes or their contents. However, methods of colonocyte retrieval have not been studied systematically and current approaches are restricted by low yields. We examined colonocyte numbers in stool wash fractions and assessed the suitability of retrieved cells ...
Sroka Jolanta - - 2009
Five commonly used methods for the isolation of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) from blood and their subsequent effect on cell motile activity were compared. Although all methods (isolation from blood clots, hemolysis of erythrocytes in hypotonic solutions, and sedimentation with the use of Percoll, Ficoll 400 or Dextran T 500 ...
De Lorenzi Davide - - 2009
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) allows cell recovery from the lower respiratory tract; differential cell counts of BAL fluid gives important information in the assessment of various bronchial and pulmonary diseases. To the best of our knowledge no study has investigated the relation between the number of cells counted and the reproducibility ...
Wagner Sarah A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To measure epithelial cell percentages and somatic cell counts (SCCs) in milk and determine whether isoflupredone acetate reduces mammary gland epithelial cell sloughing in cows with acute endotoxin-induced mastitis. ANIMALS: 13 lactating Holstein cows. PROCEDURES: Determination of SCC and flow cytometric analysis of cytokeratin-positive (epithelial) cells in milk were ...
Mariani Sara - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Overall diversity of the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire can be regarded as a recapitulatory signature of a host's immunocompetence status. We aimed to establish a time- and cost-saving multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for determining the TCR repertoire of conventional alphabeta T cells in small T-cell samples. MATERIALS ...
Simberg Dmitri - - 2009
Perfluorocarbon microbubbles (MBs) are routinely used as in vivo ultrasound contrast reagent. In addition, there is great interest in the use of MBs for ultrasound-mediated delivery, for example, of drugs and genes. As MB size (1-10 microm) limits their distribution to the vasculature, we aimed to assess the efficiency of ...
Baumert Amandine - - 2009
Immune cells in the milk are most important in combating pathogens that invade the mammary gland. This study investigated the immune competence and viability of somatic milk cells that are already resident in milk and udders free of infection. Cells were studied in freshly removed milk to simulate conditions in ...
Pocoví Coloma - - 2009
The activity of human milk on cell growth has been evaluated on two cell lines, MDCK and Caco-2. The proportion of human milk samples that reduced by half the growth of MDCK cells was of 36%. This inhibitory activity was associated with casein and not the whey fraction. Great variability ...
Wellnitz Olga - - 2009
Determination of somatic cell count (SCC) is used worldwide in dairy practice to describe the hygienic status of the milk and the udder health of cows. When SCC is tested on a quarter level to detect single quarters with high SCC levels of cows for practical reasons, mostly foremilk samples ...
Damiano G - - 2009
The aim of this work was to demonstrate a greater number of viable cells using a micro-surgical in-situ perfusion to collect rat pancreata compared with the pancreas after exsanguination. We used 3 groups of 20 rats. Perfusion was performed by selective cannulation of the left common iliac artery with administration ...
D'Angelo A - - 2009
Samples of CSF collected from 20 normal healthy calves were analysed either immediately or after having been stored for 24 hours at 4 degrees C in the presence of 11 per cent autologous serum. There were no significant differences between the total and differential cells counts of the fresh and ...
Edwards H K - - 2009
Ultramicrotomy, focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIBSEM) and cryogenic FIBSEM (cryo-FIBSEM) techniques, as developed for the controlled cross-sectioning of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and human osteoblasts (HObs) on titanium (Ti) substrates for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) investigation, are compared. Conventional ultramicrotomy has been used to section cells on Ti-foil ...
den Hertog A L - - 2009
SETTING: A tuberculosis (TB) research laboratory in the Netherlands. OBJECTIVE: The concentration of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cells from sputum is almost universally performed by centrifugation after chemical liquefaction. These methods are thus dependent on the effective sedimentation of mycobacterial cells, and the buoyant density of these cells relative to sputum is ...
Mathupala Saroj - - 2009
Isolation of clonal cell populations is a crucial aspect of cell biology during engineering of specific cell strains with both genotypic and phenotypic variations. The use of cloning rings is the most established method, but requires anchoring chemicals or material that can often interfere with quantitative clonal-cell isolation and causes ...
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