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Results 201 - 250 of 1718
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Bhattacharjee Pushpak - - 2011
A protein (BMP1) was purified from common Indian toad (Bufo melanostictus, Schneider) skin through DEAE cellulose ion exchange chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. The molecular weight of the BMP1 was found to be 79kDa. BMP1 (0.5 and 1mg/kg/day, i.p.) significantly decreased the number of viable Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) ...
Yin Yafang - - 2011
Steam treatment is a hygrothermal method of potential industrial significance for improving the dimensional stability and durability of wood materials. The steaming results in different chemical and micromechanical changes in the nanostructured biocomposite that comprise a wood cell wall. In this study, spruce wood ( Picea abies Karst.) that had ...
Ouyang Jian-Ming - - 2011
The injurious effect of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) on renal epithelial cells of the African green monkey (Vero cells) and the difference in the modulation of Vero cells on crystal growth of calcium oxalate (CaOxa) before and after injury were investigated. The degree of injury of Vero cells was proportional to ...
Garcia-Cordero Jose L - - 2010
We report a rapid, low-cost, portable microfluidic sedimentation cytometer (SeCy) for assessing the somatic cell count and fat content of milk in 15 min using a "sample-in, answer-out" approach. The system consists of 12 independent microfluidic devices, essentially flattened funnel structures, fabricated on the footprint of a single plastic compact disc ...
Gobbel Glenn T - - 2010
Cellular transplantation holds promise for the management of a variety of neurological disorders. However, there is great variability in cell type, preparation methods, and implantation technique, which are crucial to clinical outcomes. We compared manual injection with automated injection using a prototype device to determine the possible value of a ...
Dalla Nora Gracieli - - 2010
Mikania glomerata is a plant used in Brazilian traditional medicine, known as 'guaco'. It possesses anti-inflammatory properties and the aqueous extracts of its leaves are indicated for the treatment of diseases of the respiratory tract. This study aimed at evaluating the antiproliferative and genotoxic effect of Mikania glomerata leaf infusions ...
Koeck A - - 2010
The objectives of this study were to investigate genetic associations between clinical mastitis (CM) and different somatic cell count traits, and to examine their relationships, in terms of estimated breeding values, with other traits that are routinely evaluated in Austrian Fleckvieh dual-purpose cows. Records on veterinary treatments of CM were ...
Schwarz D - - 2010
Somatic cell counts (SCC) are generally used as an indicator of udder health. Currently in Germany, 100,000 cells/mL is the threshold differentiating infected and noninfected mammary glands. The aim of our study was the detailed analysis of udder health in a representative part of the dairy cow population in Hesse, ...
Wang Yao - - 2011
Previous reports have suggested that treatment with cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells may benefit patients with various types of tumor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antitumor effects of CIK cells against the colorectal cancer line SW1116 in vitro and in vivo. CIK cells were generated routinely from ...
Karthikeyan Ramalingam R Department of Comprehensive Dentistry, MC 7919, USA. - - 2011
To assess antimicrobial activities of nanoemulsion (NE) to control the adhesion and biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans by in vitro. In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of nanoemulsion was determined as per National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards guidelines and agar diffusion, serial dilution technique for the determination of minimum inhibitory concentration ...
Sarantopoulos Stefanie - - 2011
Investigation of the effects of rituximab (anti-CD20) on B-cell-activating factor of the tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF) and B cells would better define the significance of B-cell homeostasis in chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) pathophysiology. We studied 20 cGVHD patients at a median of 25 months after rituximab treatment when most ...
Akyilmaz Erol - - 2011
The lyophilized biomass of White rot fungi (Phanerochaete chrysosporium ME446) was immobilized in gelatine using glutaraldehyde crosslinking agent on a Pt working electrode. The fungal cells retained their laccase activity under entrapped state. The immobilized cells were used as a source of laccase to develop amperometric epinephrine biosensor. The catalytic ...
Ali Sarfraz - - 2011
C-reactive protein is produced in response to cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-6. It is known that increased plasma IL-6 levels induce increased hepatic and intratumoral production of C-reactive protein. Cyclooxygenase enzyme-2 is induced by various stimuli, including inflammation and various growth factors. Expression of these two markers has not been ...
Hao Qi - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a moderate-intensity static magnetic field (SMF) can enhance the killing effect of adriamycin (ADM) on K562 cells, and to explore the effects of SMF combined with ADM on K562 cells. We analyzed the metabolic activity of cells, cell cycle distribution, DNA ...
Hao Qi - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a moderate-intensity static magnetic field (SMF) can enhance the killing effect of adriamycin (ADM) on K562 cells, and to explore the effects of SMF combined with ADM on K562 cells. We analyzed the metabolic activity of cells, cell cycle distribution, DNA ...
Emura Iwao - - 2011
We investigated the association of scavenger receptor A-positive (SRA(+) ) cells in peripheral blood (PB) with mortality in subjects with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). A total of 467 subjects with SIRS (62 of 467 satisfied the diagnostic criteria of MODS) were prospectively examined. ...
Vardakis Nikolaos - - 2011
To evaluate the clinical relevance of circulating CEACAM5mRNA-positive cells in patients with operable colorectal cancer (CRC). Peripheral blood was obtained from 265 patients with operable CRC before the initiation of adjuvant systemic therapy from 96 normal donors and RNA prepared from the Lovo and ARH-77 CRC and leukemic cell lines, ...
Saeki Hiroyuki - - 2010
The current-voltage characteristics of benzoporphine-fullerene solar cells were measured subsequent to the deposition of Al as a cathode material. Even in vacuum, a shift in the open circuit voltage was observed at 20 min after Al deposition. Moreover, the displacement of inert gases (N(2)or Ar) in the evaporation chamber enhanced ...
Pedron S - - 2010
High-throughput methods allow rapid examination of parameter space to characterize materials and develop new polymeric formulations for biomaterials applications. One limitation is the difficulty of preparing libraries and performing high-throughput screening with conventional instrumentation and sample preparation. Here, we describe the fabrication of substrate materials with controlled gradients in composition ...
Zhang Tong - - 2011
To determine the lateral detachment force for individual bacterial cells, a quantitative method using the contact mode of an atomic force microscope (AFM) was developed in this study. Three key factors for the proposed method, i.e. scan size, scan rate and cantilever choice, were evaluated and optimized. The scan size ...
Pedron S S Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros, CSIC, Madrid, - - 2011
High-throughput methods allow rapid examination of parameter space to characterize materials and develop new polymeric formulations for biomaterials applications. One limitation is the difficulty of preparing libraries and performing high-throughput screening with conventional instrumentation and sample preparation. Here, we describe the fabrication of substrate materials with controlled gradients in composition ...
Aehle M - - 2011
In order to guarantee the quality of recombinant therapeutic proteins produced in mammalian cell systems, the straightforward approach in industry is to run the processes as reproducible as possible. It is first shown that considerable distortions in the currently operated processes appear when the initial cell density deviates from its ...
Sandhaus Linda M - - 2010
The main objectives of the study were to compare manual and automated WBC counts on clear cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. Clear CSF samples from 200 adults and children were studied. Cell counts were performed manually using a hemocytometer and then analyzed on the Sysmex XE-5000. Descriptive statistics and Spearman correlation ...
Kawase Kazuhide - - 2010
To investigate the inhibitory effects of drugs containing timolol on the proliferation of human conjunctival cells in vitro. Timoptol, Timoptol XE, Rysmon TG, and Timabak solutions were used. These commercially available drugs were diluted to 1/30, 1/100, and 1/300, and their effects on cell morphology, cell count, and cell activity ...
Yoo Byong K - - 2010
This study was undertaken to determine the role of cellulose in protecting Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) against osmotic and chlorine treatments. STEC cells producing cellulose (19B and 49B) and their respective cellulose-deficient counterparts (19D or 49D) were subjected to osmotic (1, 2, and 3 M NaCl) or chlorine (25, ...
Calero Ismael I Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Virgen de la Luz, Cuenca, - - 2010
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease for which therapeutic advances in immunosuppressive and support therapy have significantly improved survival over the last 5 decades. Unfortunately, SLE still carries substantially increased rates of mortality and end stage renal disease which are even more elevated in younger patients. No ...
Xu Hua - - 2010
This study was designed to characterize the viability and potential virulence of bofilm-forming Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium under different pH levels, ranging from 5 to 7. The plate count method and real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) were used to evaluate the survival of S. Typhimurium grown in Trypticase soy broth (TSB) ...
Maher I - - 2010
The effect of 24- and 48-hour storage at room temperature on automated total nucleated cell count (TNCC), differential cell count (DCC) and cell morphology was assessed, and the effect of initial total protein concentration on canine and feline body cavity effusion samples (2 to 5 ml) was evaluated. At 24 ...
Mach Albert J - - 2010
Cell separation is broadly useful for applications in clinical diagnostics, biological research, and potentially regenerative medicine. Recent attention has been paid to label-free size-based techniques that may avoid the costs or clogging issues associated with centrifugation and mechanical filtration. We present for the first time a massively parallel microfluidic device ...
van der Meer A D - - 2010
Acceptance of microfluidic technology in everyday laboratory practice by biologists is still low. One of the reasons for this is that the technology combines poorly with standard cell biological and biochemical analysis tools. Flow cytometry is an example of a conventional analytical tool that is considered to be incompatible with ...
Summers Huw D - - 2010
A quantitative assessment of fluorescence signal generation and persistence in blood cells, measured at multiple points over a time course, is presented. Quantum dots (QDs) are inorganic fluorophores that are photostable and nonmetabolized and so can provide quantitative measures of cell biology over multiple cell generations. However, if the potential ...
Warrick Jay J Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2010
Cell concentration via centrifugation is a ubiquitous step in many cell culture procedures. At the macroscale, centrifugation suffers from a number of limitations, particularly when dealing with small numbers of cells (e.g., less than 50,000). On the other hand, typical microscale methods for cell concentration can affect cell physiology and ...
Aprodu Iuliana - - 2011
Sample treatment is an essential element when using real-time PCR for quantification of pathogens directly on food samples. This study comparatively evaluated three different principles of sample treatment, i.e. immunomagnetic separation based on phage-derived cell wall binding molecules, matrix solubilization and flotation, in order to establish their suitability for quantifying ...
Dam Anika H - - 2011
Total globozoospermia is a rare sperm morphology disorder that consists of 100% round-headed, acrosomeless spermatozoa. There is also a larger group of patients whose sperm cells are partially acrosomeless. The aim of this investigation was to describe partial globozoospermia compared to total globozoospermia and normozoospermia. Ejaculates from 10 patients with ...
Yeo Woon-Hong - - 2010
Rapid, low cost screening of tuberculosis requires an effective enrichment method of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) cells. Currently, microfiltration and centrifugation steps are frequently used for sample preparation, which are cumbersome and time-consuming. In this study, the size-selective capturing mechanism of a microtip-sensor is presented to directly enrich MTB cells from ...
Yonenaga Kazumichi - - 2010
In cartilage tissue engineering, viable cell numbers should be correctly counted in the collagenase digest of the biopsied cartilage. However, this is a difficult task due to the presence of matrix debris, cell ghosts and their aggregates. To search for the correct cell counting method in this situation, we evaluated ...
Wang Zhaowei - - 2010
Accurate cell settling velocity determination is critical for perfusion culture using a gravity settler for cell retention. We have developed a simple apparatus (a "settling column") for measuring settling velocity and have validated the procedure with 15-μm polystyrene particles with known physical properties. The measured settling velocity of the polystyrene ...
Arjunan Maripandi - - 2010
A six-year-old boy with high-grade fever and abdominal pain in the epigastric region was examined with ultrasonogram of the abdomen. Hematology-cell analysis, serology (Widal test), urine analysis, and blood cultures were also performed. The ultrasonogram was helpful for the identification of multiple organ involvement with Salmonella typhi. The results revealed ...
Liu Ze-hu - - 2010
Candida albicans (C. albicans) strains can spontaneously switch at a very low frequency from white to opaque phase. The ability to switch reversibly between white and opaque phenotype and contributes to the pathogenicity of C. albicans. White and opaque switching can be induced by various environmental signals. Previous study showed ...
Campion Michael B - - 2010
Cytology has been reported to have suboptimal sensitivity for detecting pancreatobiliary tract cancer in biliary tract specimens partly as a result of low specimen cellularity and obscuring noncellular components. The goal of this study was to determine if the use of a glacial acetic acid wash prior to processing would ...
Evans Mark I - - 2010
Looking for fetal cells and now nucleic acids has been the holy grail of prenatal diagnosis for more than a century. The use of noninvasive diagnostics has potential far beyond aneuploidy; in fact, its use for Rhesus disease is already commonplace in Europe. Accurate segregation of fetal cells from maternal ...
Patel Sanjay V - - 2010
PURPOSE: The center method of corneal endothelial cell analysis is rapid but excludes the outermost digitized cells of a contiguous group from analysis; the flex-center method (Konan, Inc) is a modification that includes analysis of the outermost cells, which is advantageous in images with few cells. In this study, we ...
Miled Rabeb Bennour - - 2011
Cells of six strains of Cronobacter were subjected to dry stress and stored for 2.5 months at ambient temperature. The individual cell lag time distributions of recovered cells were characterized at 25 °C and 37 °C in non-selective broth. The individual cell lag times were deduced from the times taken by cultures ...
Nam Kweon-Ho - - 2011
High-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) signals backscattered from RBL-2H3 cell pellets prepared under different centrifugal forces were analyzed to investigate the packing effect of cell aggregates. The measurements were performed in a pulse-echo setup with a 40-MHz transducer. The changes of ultrasound signals from cell pellet in backscattered power, statistical parameter, and ...
Bernasconi Ottavio - - 2010
To study the sensitivity of laser flare photometry (LFP) in monitoring anterior chamber inflammation by correlating LFP measurements with slit-lamp evaluation of aqueous cells in HLA-B27-related uveitis in a prospective trial. Slit-lamp cell evaluation was correlated with LFP-measured flare in a masked fashion in HLA-B27-related uveitis patients receiving standard topical ...
Neugebauer Ute - - 2010
Medical diagnosis can be improved significantly by fast, highly sensitive and quantitative cell identification from easily accessible body fluids. Prominent examples are disseminated tumor cells circulating in the peripheral blood of cancer patients. These cells are extremely rare and therefore difficult to detect. In this contribution we present the Raman ...
Polat B - - 2010
The objectives of this experiment were to determine interrelationships among mastitis indicators and evaluate the subclinical mastitis detection ability of infrared thermography (IRT) in comparison with the California Mastitis Test (CMT). Somatic cell count (SCC), CMT, and udder skin surface temperature (USST) data were compiled from 62 Brown Swiss dairy ...
Freiburghaus C - - 2010
Bovine milk is associated with improved health and reduced risk of several diseases, among them cancer. Milk is a complex mixture of known and unknown components. The components and the mechanisms that contribute to the cancer-preventive effects are largely unknown. We set out to find new peptides in milk and ...
Lantz Andrew W - - 2010
A CE method based on whole-cell molecular labeling via fluorescence in situ hybridization was developed for the detection of Candida albicans in whole blood. Removal of potentially interfering red blood cells (RBC) with a simple hypotonic/detergent lysis step enabled us to detect and quantitate contaminating C. albicans cells at concentrations ...
Wagner Heiko - - 2010
A mid-infrared spectroscopic method was developed for the simultaneous and quantitative determination of total protein, carbohydrate and lipid contents of microalgal cells. Based on a chemometric approach, measured FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) spectra from algal cells were reconstructed by a partial least square algorithm, using the spectra of the reference ...
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