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McNeely Kelsey - - 2011
The nifJ gene codes for pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PFOR), which reduces ferredoxin during fermentative catabolism of pyruvate to acetyl-coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA). A nifJ knockout mutant was constructed that lacks one of two pathways for the oxidation of pyruvate in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7002. Remarkably, the photoautotrophic growth rate ...
Dhawan Alok - - 2011
The concern over the adverse effects of nanomaterials on humans has lead to an extensive research on the fate of nanoparticles in biological systems. However, unique properties of engineered nanomaterials yield many technical challenges which impede nanotoxicity studies. Some of these challenges are: interference of nanoparticles with in vitro toxicity ...
Taylor William - - 2011
A mechanical model of cell motion was developed that reproduced the behaviour of cells in 2-dimensional culture. Cell adhesion was modelled with inter-cellular cross-links that attached for different times giving a range of adhesion strength. Simulations revealed an adhesion threshold below which cell motion was almost unaffected and above which ...
Anderson K M - - 2011
It has been reported that human prostate-derived PC-3 cells that are CD44- and CD 41 (a2 B1)-positive are enriched in cancer stem cells. This study compared the effect of PC-3 cell proliferation under normoxia or hypoxia on the initial and subsequent expression of this doubly-labeled side-fraction. Despite the numerical advantage ...
Moura Erly Catarina - - 2011
The study objective was to evaluate the feasibility of interviews by cell phone as a complement to interviews by landline to estimate risk and protection factors for chronic non-communicable diseases. Adult cell phone users were evaluated by random digit dialing. Questions asked were: age, sex, education, race, marital status, ownership ...
Leers M P G - - 2011
Two mid-range haematology analysers (Abbott CELL-DYN Ruby and Sysmex XT-2000i) were evaluated to determine their analytical performance and workflow efficiency in the haematology laboratory. In total 418 samples were processed for determining equivalence of complete blood count (CBC) measurements, and 100 for reticulocyte comparison. Blood smears served for assessing the ...
Brooks J Renée - - 2011
• Carbon sequestration has focused renewed interest in understanding how forest management affects forest carbon gain over timescales of decades, and yet details of the physiological mechanisms over decades are often lacking for understanding long-term growth responses to management. • Here, we examined tree-ring growth patterns and stable isotopes of ...
Lee Hyoun Wook - - 2011
Renal tumors consist of heterogeneous groups that frequently show complex and overlapping morphology, thus making it difficult to make a correct diagnosis. One of the most problematic differential diagnoses is to distinguish chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) from oncocytoma. These should be distinguished by differences in their behavior and clinical ...
Jang Yun-Ho - - 2011
In this paper, we describe a microfluidic mechanism that combines microfluidic valves and deep wells for cell localization and storage. Cells are first introduced into the device via externally controlled flow. Activating on-chip valves was used to interrupt the flow and to sediment the cells floating above the wells. Thus, ...
Vijendravarma R K - - 2011
Both development and evolution under chronic malnutrition lead to reduced adult size in Drosophila. We studied the contribution of changes in size vs. number of epidermal cells to plastic and evolutionary reduction of wing size in response to poor larval food. We used flies from six populations selected for tolerance ...
Serpooshan Vahid - - 2011
Scaffold microstructure is hypothesized to influence physical and mechanical properties of collagen gels, as well as cell function within the matrix. Plastic compression under increasing load was conducted to produce scaffolds with increasing collagen fibrillar densities ranging from 0.3 to above 4.1 wt % with corresponding hydraulic permeability (k) values ...
Chen Hui - - 2011
Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3pdh) is a key enzyme in the pathway of glycerol synthesis, which converts dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) to glycerol-3-phosphate. In this study, the effects of salinity changes on variation of cell shape and single cell glycerol content of Dunaliella salina were observed, and the effects of salinity changes on ...
Lam Yuen T - - 2011
Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) are a feature of aging cells, but little is known about when ROS generation begins as cells age. Here we show how ROS change in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells throughout their early replicative lifespan using the fluorescent ROS indicator, dihydroethidium (DHE), which has some specificity for ...
Muthukumar Kannan - - 2011
The present study was undertaken to determine the role of glutathione peroxidase3 (gpx3) in phospholipid protection in cells. Wild-type (WT) cells showed an overall increase in phospholipids upon 50 μM cadmium (Cd)-treatment, whereas an untreated gpx3Δ strain showed a drastic reduction in overall phospholipids which was further reduced with 50 μM Cd. ...
Poomsawat Sopee - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) 40: 294-299 Background:  Cell cycle arrest and increased cell proliferation have been demonstrated in oral lichen planus (OLP). This study evaluated the expression of cdk4, cdk6 and p16, important proteins in the G1 phase, in OLP and compared the expression of these proteins of OLP ...
Abdulahad W H - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To assess the phenotype of reconstituting B-cells after B-cell depletion, and to assess the effect of reconstitution on the balance of regulatory (T(Reg)) and effector (T(eff)) T-cells in patients with active primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS:: Twenty-eight patients with pSS were treated on days 1 and 15 with either ...
Rusha Laert - - 2011
Three esterase-labile, but chemically-stable sulfonate protecting groups have been designed and synthesized. One of these sulfonate esters allowed the cytoplasmic delivery and unmasking of a sulfonated dye in live cells.
Wierzba-Bobrowicz Teresa - - 2011
Three calcium-binding proteins (CaBPs), calbindin D28k, calretinin and parvalbumin, were immunohistochemically examined in the cerebellum of ten-day-old rat pups of ethanol-treated dams. Dams were treated with ethanol during pregnancy and/or lactation. In the cerebellar cortex of the pups from control groups, Purkinje cells with their processes and Golgi cells were ...
Sitton Greg - - 2011
We have developed an instrument based on a flow cytometer platform that is capable of tracking individual, suspended cells over extended time periods. The instrument repeatedly moves in a capillary the same volume segment of fluid containing tens to hundreds of suspended cells through the focal point of a laser. ...
Aydin Mehmet Dumlu - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of impulse noise on the epithelial cells of the choroid plexus. MATERIAL and Forty Sprague Dawley rats were used and divided into the 2 groups as control and study groups. In the control group, the rats did not suffer noise ...
Givan Alice L - - 2011
A flow cytometer is an instrument that illuminates cells (or other particles) as they flow individually in front of a light source and then detects and correlates the signals from those cells that result from the illumination. In this chapter, each of the aspects of that definition will be described: ...
van der Heyde Henri C - - 2011
Cell-derived microparticles (MPs) are increasingly recognized as important cell-to-cell signaling mechanisms and may exhibit important functions in homeostasis but also in pathogenesis. Indeed, MPs are associated with a number of diseases inhibiting their production that protects against pathogenesis. MPs are distinct from exosomes and apoptotic bodies, often exhibiting the membrane ...
Kim Jang Su - - 2011
The cell viability test is an essential tool in any laboratory, performing cell-based studies and clinical laboratory tests. The trypan blue exclusion method is the most popular assay for its simple concept among various diagnostic tools. However, several disadvantages include time-consuming and labor-intensive steps with low precision. In this study, ...
Jadhav Kiran - - 2011
Micronuclei in exfoliated oral epithelial cells have been shown in some studies to correlate with severity of this genotoxic damage. This severity can be measured in terms of grading of the lesions. To correlate frequency of micronuclei (MN) in oral exfoliated cells in clinically diagnosed cases of oral squamous cell ...
Sousa Ana Paula - - 2011
Human sperm samples are very heterogeneous and include a low amount of truly functional gametes. Distinct strategies have been developed to characterize and isolate this specific subpopulation. In this study we have used fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence-activated cell sorting to determine if mitochondrial function, as assessed using mitochondrial-sensitive probes, could ...
St Hill Catherine A - - 2011
Similar to mechanisms of recruitment of activated leukocytes to inflamed tissues, selectins mediate adhesion and extravasation of circulating cancer cells. Our objective was to determine whether sialyl Lewis X modified core 2 O-glycans (C2-O-sLe(X)) present on colon and hepatic carcinoma cells promote their adhesion and invasion. We examined membrane expression ...
Knutsen Jon Halvor Jonsrud - - 2011
The cell cycle of the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, does not easily lend itself to analysis by flow cytometry, mainly because cells in G(1) and G(2) phase contain the same amount of DNA. This occurs because fission yeast cells under standard growth conditions do not complete cytokinesis until after G(1) ...
Hu Wei - - 2011
Social motility (S motility), the coordinated movement of large cell groups on agar surfaces, of Myxococcus xanthus requires type IV pili (TFP) and exopolysaccharides (EPS). Previous models proposed that this behavior, which only occurred within cell groups, requires cycles of TFP extension and retraction triggered by the close interaction of ...
Hagiwara Toshiyuki - - 2011
Budding yeasts are highly suitable for aging studies, because the number of bud scars (stage) proportionally correlates with age. Its maximum stages are known to reach at 20-30 stages on an isolated agar medium. However, their stage dynamics in a liquid culture is virtually unknown. We investigate the population dynamics ...
Korfali Nadia - - 2011
Disruption of cell cycle regulation is one mechanism proposed for how nuclear envelope protein mutation can cause disease. Thus far only a few nuclear envelope proteins have been tested/found to affect cell cycle progression: to identify others, 39 novel nuclear envelope transmembrane proteins were screened for their ability to alter ...
Krutzik Peter O - - 2011
Fluorescent cell barcoding (FCB) enables high throughput, high content flow cytometry by multiplexing samples prior to staining and acquisition on the cytometer. Individual cell samples are barcoded, or labeled, with unique signatures of fluorescent dyes so that they can be mixed together, stained, and analyzed as a single sample. By ...
Prado Raquel - - 2011
The use of herbicides constitutes the principal method of weed control, but the introduction of these compounds into the aquatic environment can provoke severe consequences for non-target organisms such as microalgae. Effects of the widely used herbicide paraquat were assessed on the green freshwater microalga Chlamydomonas moewusii by means of ...
Hodgson B D - - 2010
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of near-infrared (NIR) photobiomodulation on the proliferation and glutathione levels in murine Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) cells after poisoning with vinblastine. Background: Photobiomodulation has been shown to improve wound healing in a number of animal models. There ...
Sitton Greg - - 2010
We have developed an instrument based on a flow cytometer platform that is capable of tracking individual, suspended cells over extended time periods. The instrument repeatedly moves in a capillary the same volume segment of fluid containing tens to hundreds of suspended cells through the focal point of a laser. ...
Meng Fanjie - - 2011
Mechanical forces are ubiquitous modulators of cell activity but little is known about the mechanical stresses in the cell. Genetically encoded FRET-based force sensors now allow the measurement of local stress in specific host proteins in vivo in real time. For a minimally invasive probe, we designed one with a ...
Nesin Olena M - - 2011
Intense nanosecond-duration electric pulses (nsEP) open stable nanopores in the cell membrane, followed by cell volume changes due to water uptake or expulsion, as regulated by the osmolality balance of pore-impermeable solutes inside and outside the cell. The size of pores opened by either fifty 60-ns EP (~13 kV/cm) or ...
La Storia Antonietta - - 2010
Carvacrol is a major component in some essential oils such as oregano and thyme and its inhibitory effect on the growth of various microorganisms is well documented. However, the active mechanism of carvacrol, as well as that of other essential oil components, has not yet been fully established and has ...
Shie Jia-Heng - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: • To investigate the relationships between suburothelial inflammation and urothelial dysfunction in interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBlS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: • Immunofluorescence staining of ki-67 (to assess cell proliferation), junction protein E-cadherin, tryptase (to assess mast cell activation) and TUNEL (to assess urothelial apoptosis) were performed in bladder tissues from 20 ...
Chang Kai-Ping - - 2010
We examined the role of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3α on oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and whether it was involved in modulating OSCC cell functions. The study population was comprised of 102 patients with OSCC. MIP-3α levels in tissues were examined by immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time RT-PCR. Effects of ...
Mehasseb Mohamed Khairy - - 2010
Background and Aim: To study the characteristics of the inner (IM) and outer (OM) myometrium in the presence and absence of uterine adenomyosis. Methods: Case control blinded comparison carried out in a university department. Morphometric features of the myometrium were studied in uteri from pre- and postmenopausal women with and ...
Selak Mary A - - 2011
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by GAA triplet expansions or point mutations in the FXN gene on chromosome 9q13. The gene product called frataxin, a mitochondrial protein that is severely reduced in FRDA patients, leads to mitochondrial iron accumulation, Fe-S cluster deficiency and oxidative damage. ...
Thomas Richard J - - 2011
This study aimed to provide data on the survival and site of damage of Escherichia coli cells following aerosolization using two different techniques, nebulization and flow focusing. Four metabolic stains were assessed for their ability to detect respiratory activities and membrane homeostasis in aerosolized E. coli cells. The degree of ...
Wei Wei - - 2010
Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) never exists in the environment as a single compound but always coexists with other chemicals. These chemicals may affect the toxicity of BaP. Our previous study confirmed that polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), which were recently found coexisting with BaP in various environmental media, dramatically enhanced the genotoxicity of BaP. ...
Salvetat Maria Letizia - - 2010
PURPOSE:: To compare central corneal thickness (CCT) and endothelial cell density (ECD) with laser scanning confocal microscope Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT) II Rostock Corneal Module and noncontact specular microscope Tomey EM-3000 and to assess intra- and interobserver agreement in normal corneas. METHODS:: This prospective study included 48 normals (69.6 ± ...
Bhattacharjee Pushpak - - 2011
A protein (BMP1) was purified from common Indian toad (Bufo melanostictus, Schneider) skin through DEAE cellulose ion exchange chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. The molecular weight of the BMP1 was found to be 79kDa. BMP1 (0.5 and 1mg/kg/day, i.p.) significantly decreased the number of viable Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) ...
Yin Yafang - - 2011
Steam treatment is a hygrothermal method of potential industrial significance for improving the dimensional stability and durability of wood materials. The steaming results in different chemical and micromechanical changes in the nanostructured biocomposite that comprise a wood cell wall. In this study, spruce wood ( Picea abies Karst.) that had ...
Ouyang Jian-Ming - - 2011
The injurious effect of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) on renal epithelial cells of the African green monkey (Vero cells) and the difference in the modulation of Vero cells on crystal growth of calcium oxalate (CaOxa) before and after injury were investigated. The degree of injury of Vero cells was proportional to ...
Garcia-Cordero Jose L - - 2010
We report a rapid, low-cost, portable microfluidic sedimentation cytometer (SeCy) for assessing the somatic cell count and fat content of milk in 15 min using a "sample-in, answer-out" approach. The system consists of 12 independent microfluidic devices, essentially flattened funnel structures, fabricated on the footprint of a single plastic compact disc ...
Gobbel Glenn T - - 2010
Cellular transplantation holds promise for the management of a variety of neurological disorders. However, there is great variability in cell type, preparation methods, and implantation technique, which are crucial to clinical outcomes. We compared manual injection with automated injection using a prototype device to determine the possible value of a ...
Dalla Nora Gracieli - - 2010
Mikania glomerata is a plant used in Brazilian traditional medicine, known as 'guaco'. It possesses anti-inflammatory properties and the aqueous extracts of its leaves are indicated for the treatment of diseases of the respiratory tract. This study aimed at evaluating the antiproliferative and genotoxic effect of Mikania glomerata leaf infusions ...
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