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Heller B - - 2001
Computer cell counting experiments were performed in order to examine the consequences of over- or under-counting. The three-dimensional reaggregate culture laboratory environment for cell counting was used as a model for computer simulation. The laboratory environment for aggregate and cell sizes, numbers and spatial placement in gelatin blocks was mimicked ...
Hogan Christopher J. - - 2001
PURPOSE: We created a rabbit model of infectious arthritis to test the effects of WRC-0470 (2-cyclohexylmethylidenehydarazinoadenosine), an adenosine analogue, and rolipram, a type IV phosphodiesterase inhibitor, on intra-articular white blood cell recruitment. Type of Study: Randomized trial involving mature rabbits. METHODS: Intra-articular injections ranging from 0 to 2,000 ng of ...
Antognoli M C - - 2001
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of a one-tube nested polymerase chain reaction (OTN PCR) with 5 concentration and lytic treatments for the detection of Mycobacterium bovis in experimentally inoculated milk samples (spiked samples). OTN PCR and the following treatments were tested in inoculated samples: 1) ...
Pengov A - - 2001
The somatic cell count (SCC) of ewes' milk was determined by the Fossomatic method and compared with the bacteriological status of the mammary gland. Of 366 samples from uninfected udder halves, 64.5% had SCC less than 50 x 10(3) cells/ml, 81.9% had SCC less than 250 x 10(3), and 92.4% ...
Cross M H - - 2001
Cell salvage has been used as a method of blood conservation for more than three decades. Although the principles and development of the Latham bowl had occurred in the 1960s, it was not until the early 1970s that washing of the concentrated red cells was introduced and a product that ...
Wachtel S S - - 2001
Fetal lymphocytes, trophoblasts, and nucleated red blood cells have each been separated from maternal blood by methods such as flow cytometry, magnetic cell sorting, and charge flow separation. The frequency of fetal cells among circulating maternal mononuclear cells remains to be ascertained. Current estimates range from about 10-5 to 10-7, ...
Sigusch B - - 2001
BACKGROUND, AIMS: Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) are the predominant host defence cells in the gingival sulcus. Previous work demonstrates that the in vitro phagocytosis of crevicular cells in localised early onset periodontitis (LEOP) and generalised early onset periodontitis (GEOP) lesions is diminished. The present study extends this work by characterizing the ...
Kobayashi M - - 2001
The cyst cells of Haematococcus pluvialis were separated into fractions of relatively uniform size by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. The fraction at the bottom of the centrifuge tube with the largest specific gravity from density gradients of mature cysts mainly consisted of enlarged, red cyst cells and had the highest ...
Proctor L M - - 2001
Bacteria are the most abundant and active organisms in marine sediments and are critical for nutrient cycling and as a food source to many benthic and pelagic organisms. Bacteria are found both as free-living cells and as particle-associated cells, which can make investigations of these communities difficult. We found that ...
Rajamäki M M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine reference values for cytologic examination results of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and to investigate effects of repeated lavages on pulmonary health and on results of cytologic examination of BALF in dogs. ANIMALS: 16 healthy adult Beagles. PROCEDURE: All dogs underwent pulmonary lavage to obtain BALF. Eleven dogs ...
Ballen K K - - 2001
Umbilical cord blood (CB) is a useful stem cell source for patients without matched family donors. CB banking is expensive, however, because only a small percentage of the cord units stored are used for transplantation. In this study, we determined whether maternal factors, such as race, age, and smoking status ...
Barber P R - - 2001
Investigating the effect of low-dose radiation exposure on cells using assays of colony-forming ability requires large cell samples to maintain statistical accuracy. Manually counting the resulting colonies is a laborious task in which consistent objectivity is hard to achieve. This is true especially with some mammalian cell lines which form ...
Han J Y - - 2001
Isolating fetal cells from maternal blood for prenatal genetic analysis is the least invasive method currently being investigated. In order to enrich these fetal erythroid cells we employed a two-phase liquid culture system that supports the growth and differentiation of erythroid progenitor cells. Mononuclear cells were separated from ten maternal ...
Hartnell A - - 2001
Flow cytometry is an invaluable tool for the analysis of leukocyte populations in inflammation. Flow cytometers, particularly those designed purely for analysis rather than cell sorting, have now become user-friendly machines and are commonplace in many laboratories. Any cell type can be analyzed, as long as a single-cell suspension can ...
Ito Y - - 2001
With the recent progress in transfusion medicine, separation and isolation of cells in a large quantity is becoming increasingly important. At present, the continuous cell separation method in a preparative scale is limited to apheresis and elutriation: the former is mainly used for collection of platelet and buffy coat from ...
Terlikowski S - - 2001
Studies on the proliferative activity of cells in endometrial hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma were performed using techniques detecting Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) and Nucleolar Organizer Regions (NORs). PCNA expression was defined as the percentage of nuclei showing reactivity in 200 cells per sample. The mean AgNOR count per cell was ...
Sakai Y I - - 2001
The objective of this study was to determine whether some morphometric parameters and two different methods of counting AgNOR dots were correlated with the grade of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Thirty uterine cervix biopsies (8 cases of cervicitis, 9 CIN I, CIN II and 6 CIN III) were studied. Two methods ...
Minor P - - 2001
Characterised cell banks are likely to be the most virologically satisfactory production system. In the past there have been numerous examples of contamination of biologicals by agents which may be difficult to detect. The certainty with which a cell can be thought satisfactory depends on the efficacy of the available ...
Camplejohn R S - - 2001
The simplest guide to cell proliferation that can be obtained by the use of flow cytometry is the S-phase fraction (SPF) calculated from DNA histograms. Measurement of such histograms was one of the earliest applications of flow cytometry, being first reported in the late 1960s. SPF is the fraction of ...
Augustynowicz A - - 2001
Promising results of studies on different neoplasms, by means of morphometric analysis of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs), known as proliferative activity marker, made us undertake an attempt to evaluate of proliferative activity in Hürthle Cell Tumors using the same technique. 78 cases including 20 Hürthle Cell Carcinomas (HCC), 32 ...
Méhes G - - 2000
Accurate quantification of disseminated tumor cells in hematological samples is of fundamental importance in clinical oncology. However, even highly standardized protocols allow only a rough estimation of the total analyzed cell number, as sample processing may have adverse effects on the number of cells available for analysis. The fluorescence-based microscopic ...
Mundee Y - - 2000
Assay of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and/or HbF containing red blood cells (F+ cells) is essential for monitoring sickle cell and thalassemic patients, especially during treatment with HbF stimulators. Some previous flow cytometric methods contain several washing steps. This simplified method contains no washing step and takes less than an hour ...
Bakermans C - - 2000
A microscopy-based method was developed to distinguish naphthalene-degrading bacteria within the microbial community of a coal tar-contaminated groundwater system. Pure cultures of Pseudomonas putida NCIB 9816-4 were used to develop the substrate responsive-direct viable count (SR-DVC) method. Cells were concentrated on membrane filters, placed on agar plates of Stanier's minimal ...
Yokomaku D - - 2000
A direct viable count (DVC) procedure was developed which clearly and easily discriminates the viability of bacterial cells. In this quantitative DVC (qDVC) procedure, viable cells are selectively lysed by spheroplast formation caused by incubation with antibiotics and glycine. This glycine effect leads to swollen cells with a very loose ...
Reeves L - - 2000
Production of retroviral vectors for clinical use requires removal of cells and cellular debris. We combined a series of filters of decreasing pore size using commercially available blood banking filters approved for clinical use. The collection bag and filters can be connected to create a sterile, closed system using clinically ...
Donofrio G - - 2000
We have demonstrated, by PCR and restriction enzyme analysis of the PCR product, the presence of bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) DNA in the cell fraction of milk from dairy cattle with a history of BoHV-4 infection. We next evaluated the infectious nature of BoHV-4 DNA in those cells. Cocultivation of ...
Fröhlich J - - 2000
Since the 1960s, several new attempts have been made to improve the management of single prokaryotic cells using micromanipulator techniques. In order to facilitate the isolation of pure cultures we have recently developed an improved micromanipulation method for routine work. With the aid of this method single prokaryotic cells can ...
Zigeuner R E - - 2000
PURPOSE: We describe a method to improve tumor cell detection compared to currently available immunocytochemical methods by using immunomagnetic cell enrichment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two different methods of immunomagnetic cell enrichment using antibody coated magnetic beads were tested and compared with unenriched immunocytochemistry. One method was positive selection of epithelial ...
Robin Forman
this paper we will present a new notion of curvature for cell complexes. For each p, we dene a p
Beckman N - - 2000
The aim of this retrospective study was to determine whether variations in the enumerated white cell contamination of leucocyte-depleted products was caused by the filter batch, the processing centre or by counting technology related issues. The influence of donor variation is also considered. The results suggest that for some red ...
F. Moraes,R. Reis,F. Lima
This paper presents a new layout style for macro-cells, using three-metal layers CMOS processes with stacked vias. The routing method between leaf cells reduces the track density up to 50% (compared to a double-layer router), allowing an important area reduction. The motivation to develop this work is the requirement in ...
Lütkemeyer D - - 2000
The robot automation of sampling and the subsequent treatment and storage of aliquots during mammalian cell cultivations was investigated. The complete setup, the development and testing of the sampling device, the robot arm, and the cell imaging system are described. The developed sampling device is directly coupled to a pilot ...
Doughty M J - - 2000
PURPOSE: To assess whether the size of the cells obtained by conjunctival impression cytology can be quantitatively assessed by measurement of the longest dimension of the cells. METHODS: Under topical benoxinate anaesthesia, cells were removed from the normally exposed nasal bulbar conjunctival surface using a 0.4 micron pore diameter filter ...
Tsao Y S - - 2000
A method has been developed to monitor the cell growth of aggregated human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) suspension cultures by measuring cumulative particle volume and the particle size distribution. This method employs a particle size analyzer that determines the size of individual particles by detecting their light obscuration (blockage) or ...
Chen J C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Quantitation of adult erythrocytes (RBC) containing fetal hemoglobin (F cells) is of potential clinical utility in evaluating erythropoietic disorders, such as myelodysplasia and hemoglobinopathies, and in monitoring F-cell augmenting therapy. F-cell counting methodologies include fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. Previous flow cytometric methods have employed an isotype antibody control ...
Geifman-Holtzman O - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the fetal E/e or e/e Rh genotype prenatally from peripheral maternal blood by examining sorted fetal cells from alloimmunized and nonalloimmunized pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen maternal peripheral venous blood samples were obtained before amniocentesis from 15 pregnant women who were homozygous for the ...
Revellin C - - 2000
Commercial soybean inoculants processed with sterilised peat and stored at 20 degrees C for 1-8 years were used as experimental materials to assess the changes in the physiological activity of Bradyrhizobium japonicum after storage. Viable counts decreased and physiological characteristics of the bacterium changed during storage, with an increase in ...
Rupp R - - 2000
The relationship between 10 cell-level descriptors in the first lactation and the risk of clinical mastitis in the second lactation was studied in 10205 Holstein cows from 1254 commercial herds using logistic regression. These 10 cell descriptors were based on the mean cell level over the whole first lactation, on ...
Pertoft H - - 2000
At present, centrifugation is the most common method for separation and isolation of cells and subcellular particles. The technique can be used for a wide range of applications. During latter years it has become obvious what a powerful method density gradient centrifugation is, especially when used in conjunction with sensitive ...
Müller A - - 2000
AIM: To assess uniformity of the corneal endothelial cell mosaic in children. METHODS: 36 healthy children (5-11 years old, 16 boys, 20 girls) were assessed by specular microscopy. Endothelial cell density (ECD) was calculated from measured cell areas, and the number of sides/cell noted. RESULTS: Average values for ECD and ...
Rohde C - - 2000
To compare synovial fluid characteristics of cattle with infectious and noninfectious arthritis. Retrospective cohort study. 130 cattle. Synovial fluid was analyzed for total nucleated cell count (NCC), absolute number and percentages of polymorphonuclear (PMN) and mononuclear cells, total protein (TP) concentration, and specific gravity. Cattle were categorized as having infectious ...
Gallez F - - 2000
The present work aimed (1) to evaluate ATP content in saliva by the bioluminescent luciferin-luciferase method, (2) to evaluate the relationships between ATP content, bacterial count and epithelial cell numbers in saliva, (3) to study the effect of two different antiseptics (peroxidase system producing hypothiocyanite and chlorhexidine) on the salivary ...
Stegemann J P - - 2000
As cell-based therapies receive approval for clinical evaluation and use, the development of reliable methods to quantify cell number and control the dose of therapy delivered is becoming increasingly important. An example is the determination of the number and volume of primary porcine hepatocytes used in an extracorporeal treatment for ...
Stella CA - - 2000
The present article describes a simple protocol that allows the study of nitrogen source utilisation by cells and its relation with cellular growth. The assay can be performed using the minimum of laboratory equipment.
Prioult G - - 2000
An immunofluorescent method involving double color labeling and confocal microscopy was reported to specifically detect lactic acid bacteria and probiotic cells coimmobilized in gels beads. The method described is rapid (4 h) and sensitive and may be useful for studying cell dynamics during mixed-culture starter production using immobilized cells in ...
Maruyama A - - 2000
To rapidly and accurately enumerate total and specific microbes in aquatic samples, fluorescent in situ hybridization was combined with direct counting via direct immobilization of cells on a polymer-coated Nuclepore filter. The technique, named FISH-DC, achieved almost complete recovery of total cells and reproducibility of Psychrobacter pacificensis cells of deep-sea ...
Chianéa T - - 2000
Field flow fractionation (FFF) methods were conceptualised in the late 1960s by J.C Giddings. These techniques are particularly suited for the retention and separation of micron and sub-micron sized particles. Systematic technological development as well as methodological procedures were established to achieve separations over the last 30 years. The elution ...
Stock W - - 2000
Disorders of white cells are very common in clinical practice. White-cell development and numbers are controlled by a mixture of external stimuli including cytokines, matrix proteins, and accessory cells. Several different white-cell lineages are recognised; each has a role in host defence. Both white-cell deficiency and overproduction can lead to ...
D-a Conver,Takao Kaneko
-digital LSI, standard cel l, #-# type A-D converter, #-# type D-A converter 1. Introduction A range ofdiB#EM t analog standard cells and methods for layiC out such cells have been reportedwie the goal of siEBBfik#zj thedesiE ofmi#z analog-dizj#z LSIs and shorteni# thedesiP cycle.Wil the ai of achiCCMM the same ...
Mascher F - - 2000
The effects of oxygen limitation, low redox potential, and high NaCl stress for 7 days in vitro on the rifampin-resistant biocontrol inoculant Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0-Rif and its subsequent persistence in natural soil for 54 days were investigated. Throughout the experiment, the strain was monitored using total cell counts (immunofluorescence microscopy), ...
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