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Oblak E - - 2002
Measurements of large numbers of feature sizes within defined domains (e.g. cell areas within cell-cell borders) can be a time-consuming activity, but automation that includes defining such domains has not be proven to be very reliable. Other alternatives are therefore needed, and the goal of the present studies was both ...
Bianchi D W - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Cell Isolation Study (NIFTY) is a prospective, multicenter clinical project to develop non-invasive methods of prenatal diagnosis. The initial objective was to assess the utility of fetal cells in the peripheral blood of pregnant women to diagnose or screen ...
Yamanishi Douglas T - - 2002
The use of fetal cells enriched from maternal peripheral blood for genetic analysis would be a significant advancement for prenatal diagnosis. For over two decades, researchers have employed different techniques (including density gradients, red blood cell lysis, fluorescence-activated cell sorter and magnetic cell separation) to enrich fetal cells that exist ...
Hromadníková Ilona - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of a non-invasive method for fetal sex determination in clinical practice using dual-colour fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) analysis. We evaluated the differences in nucleated red blood cell (NRBC) recovery from the maternal circulation using various slide preparation ...
Bontadini A - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Packed red blood cells (pRBCs) contain apoptotic white cells. We studied apoptotic cells in pRBCs after filtration and at various time-points during storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To maintain the same subset of cells, seven pRBC units were pooled in a single bag and divided equally into seven ...
Avishai Nanthawan - - 2002
The alkaline comet assay, a sensitive method for DNA strand breaks and alkali labile site detection in individual cells, was employed here as an ecotoxicological monitoring tool for evaluation of genotoxicity in the Kishon River, Israel. This river, the most polluted river in Israel, has recently elicited major public concern ...
Zhao Xaio Xi - - 2002
We report here the results of fetal cell enrichment from maternal blood in 58 pregnant women by the use of magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) with erythroblast-specific and/or maternal cell specific antibodies. Two approaches were compared; one-step MACS to enrich CD71+ (a membrane-bound marker) or GPA+ (another marker, glycophorin A) ...
Bunthof Christine J - - 2002
Flow cytometry (FCM) is a rapid and sensitive technique that can determine cell numbers and measure various physiological characteristics of individual cells by using appropriate fluorescent probes. Previously, we developed an FCM assay with the viability probes carboxyfluorescein diacetate (cFDA) and TOTO-1 [1'-(4,4,7,7-tetramethyl-4,7-diazaundecamethylene)-bis-4-[3-methyl-2,3dihydro(benzo-1,3-oxazole)-2-methylidene]-1-(3'-trimethylammoniumpropyl)-pyridinium tetraiodide] for (stressed) lactic acid bacteria (C. ...
Biggadike H J - - 2002
Measurements of the conductivity of quarter milk samples were made in 31 cows in a 70-cow herd in southeast England, for a period of 15 weeks. Over this period, 42 per cent of cow-weeks and 20 per cent of quarter-weeks had an increase in quarter milk conductivity of 10 per ...
Oliszewski R - - 2002
The use of somatic cell counts (SCCs) for the diagnosis of mastitis is not a well-established procedure for the caprine species, because nonleucocytic cell-like particles are normally observed as a result of the apocrine secretion process of the goat mammary gland. The infection levels of 124 goats were measured by ...
Boutinaud M - - 2002
Somatic cells are present in the milk throughout lactation and consist of leukocytes and epithelial cells exfoliated from the mammary epithelium. Our objective was to determine the efficacy of using somatic cells from goat milk for dynamic studies of gene expression in the mammary gland. Over a 4-wk interval, cells ...
Bergeron Michèle - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Exceptionally robust cell preparations are needed for quality assessment programs (QAPs) such as the International Program for Quality Assessment and Standardization for Immunological Measures (QASI) relevant to HIV/AIDS. A suitable product must withstand environmental stress related to transportation for a minimum of 6 days. The two objectives of this ...
Chakir J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pathophysiology of corticosteroid (CS)-resistant asthma remains incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine if failure of asthma to clinically improve with CS is due to a defective response of airway bronchial inflammation to these drugs. METHODS: Twenty-one asthmatics having a decreased baseline FEV1 that improved >or= 30% with inhaled beta2 agonist ...
Hammond J A - - 2002
The swimming crab, Liocarinus depurator, contains a small proportion of circulating blood cells which enter S-phase in vitro, as revealed by BrdU assay. These cells are enriched within the semigranular cell band produced by density gradient centrifugation on Percoll and their proportion is significantly higher in blood samples taken from ...
van der Laak Jeroen A W M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Acquisition of DNA ploidy histograms by image analysis may yield important information regarding the behavior of premalignant cervical lesions. Accurate selection of nuclei for DNA measurement is an important prerequisite for obtaining reliable data. Traditionally, manual selection of nuclei of diagnostic and reference cells is performed by an experienced ...
Murai Tae - - 2002
It is difficult to produce homogeneous cell suspensions of Malassezia pachydermatis, since yeast cells paste up and form many clumps. However, homogeneous fungal suspensions are required for susceptibility examinations and biochemical analyses. Although several types of trials have been carried out using glass homogenizers and many types of agents to ...
Seymour Michelle L - - 2002
Rhinovirus infections cause wheeze, cough, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. To investigate the involvement of cysteinyl-leukotrienes and prostanoids in these symptoms, bronchial biopsy specimens from 9 normal subjects (nonatopic and with no history of chronic lung disease) were immunostained for 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway enzymes 2 weeks before and 4 ...
Shawn Phillips,Scott Hauck
When designing sacs, a unique opportunity exists to generate custom FPGA architectures that are specific to the application domain in which the device will be used. The inclusion of such a device will provide an efficient compromise between the flexibility of software and the performance of hardware, while at the ...
Amin, Gholam R.
The similarity coefficient methods are more flexible in incorporating manufacturing data into the machine cells formation process in group technology. When threshold value is applied it is impossible to consider the restriction of number of cells or pact family. This paper discusses how a function is defined on Similarity coefficients ...
Timan I S - - 2002
The commercial control material for hematology Cell Dyn 16 Tri Level gave a good precision an accuracy using the four blood cell counters currently mostly used in Indonesia, the Coulter, Sysmex, Serono and Cell Dyn. It could be used as one of the hematology control material in an external quality ...
Surmacki P - - 2002
The aim of the study was the comparison of a newly developed method of quantitative analysis of the seminiferous epithelium (SE) cells with the traditional method based on stage classification according to Clermont. In 4000 sections of seminiferous tubules the following parameters have been evaluated: in procedure I--the frequency of ...
Soogarun Suphan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Presently, the counting of leukocytes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is still performed manually. This requires sufficiently experienced medical technologists. At present, specific automated systems for CSF cell counting are not available. In this study, we evaluated the use of the automated hematology analyzer, Technicon H*3 in the analysis of ...
Elzagheid A - - 2002
48 fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) samples from 25 breast cancer cases, originally used for cytodiagnosis were subjected to DNA cytometry. There were air dried smears stained with the MGG method, and samples stained with HE or PAP stain after 50% ethanol fixation and cytocentrifugation. Different sampling strategies were applied. ...
Brinkmann Marlies - - 2002
A prototype of a newly developed apparatus for measuring cell growth characteristics of suspension cells in micro titre plates over a period of time was examined. Fully automated non-invasive cell counts in small volume cultivation vessels, e.g. 96 well plates, were performed with the Cellscreen system by Innovatis AG, Germany. ...
Vona Giovanna - - 2002
Fetal cells circulating in the peripheral blood of pregnant women are a potential target for noninvasive genetic analyses. They include epithelial (trophoblastic) cells, which are larger than peripheral blood leukocytes. We enriched circulating trophoblastic cells using the isolation by size of epithelial tumor cells (ISET) method. Peripheral blood was obtained ...
Shankland E G EG Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA. - - 2002
Growth of the A549 cell line in a perfusion system suitable for use in a magnetic resonance study has been characterized and shown to be stable physiologically and hence appropriate for serial observations. Several methods of monitoring cell growth were compared to assess the behavior of the cells in this ...
Collarini E J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We have developed a method for selecting erythroblasts from blood, the first step toward identifying fetal cells in maternal blood for diagnostic purposes. Because the selection method results in a large number of positive cells, we needed to develop new methods to deposit the cells onto slides and to ...
Hennig-Pauka I - - 2001
Reference values of cellular and non-cellular components in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were established from the BALF specimens obtained from 52 healthy pigs. Using urea as an endogenous marker of dilution, the reference values in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) were calculated: total cell count 2.71 x 10(9) - ...
Warke T J - - 2001
Airway inflammation in children can be assessed by nonbronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Little is known about the repeatability of cell counts in the BAL obtained. Children (n=43) attending for elective surgery were studied. Cell counts were obtained following a nonbronchoscopic lavage. Two samples were obtained with either: 1) the catheter ...
Bernard R - - 2001
Manually counting cell colonies, especially those that originate from fibroblast cell lines, is a time-consuming, eye-straining and tedious task in which consistency of counting is difficult to maintain. In this paper we present a novel model-based image segmentation method, which employs prior knowledge about the shape of a colony with ...
Belda J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A knowledge of the factors that can affect induced sputum results is essential in order to standardize the procedure. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the influence of nebulizer output on sputum cell counts and fluid phase measurements at increasing times of sputum induction. METHODS: Eighteen adults with stable asthma inhaled an ...
Lemière C - - 2001
We sought to compare cell counts based on cellular morphology and obtained after Wright staining with cell counts obtained after immunocytochemistry in induced sputum. Counts of eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes, and epithelial cells identified after Wright staining were compared with the counts obtained after immunocytochemistry through use of mAbs in ...
Melnik K - - 2001
Human CD34+ cells from cord blood were separated in a two-step process using a commercial, immunomagnetic cell retention system. The performance of the system was evaluated by analyzing a number of eluents from the separations with a number of analytical techniques. In addition to cell counts and flow cytometry analysis, ...
Schueler P A - - 2001
First trimester prenatal diagnosis of fetal aneuploidies is an active area of research despite years of disappointing data employing maternal peripheral blood samples. To remedy this situation we have investigated other first trimester maternal specimens attempting to find a consistent fetal cell source. Using our previously established positive enrichment procedure ...
Fernando P N - - 2001
As part of the formulation of a cell-based pharmaceutical product, cells were harvested from mice and incubated in a cocktail containing cell culture media and high levels of trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). The cells were washed with a phosphate-buffered saline solution to remove residual cell culture media and other reagents before ...
Pillai S R - - 2001
A flow cytometric technique called differential inflammatory cell count was standardized by staining bovine peripheral blood leukocytes with a combination of DNA binding dyes SYBR green 1 and propidium iodide in water. Leukocytes were also stained with propidium iodide in detergent to determine total cell count. Differential inflammatory cell count ...
Eschbach E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To study the fragile Prymnesiophyte species Chrysochromulina polylepis by flow cytometry (FC), we needed an effective fixation method. This method must guarantee a high yield of fixed cells to achieve acceptable measurement times by FC and to allow quick processing of many samples. Moreover, we wanted a method that ...
Phelan M C - - 2001
This unit presents protocols for counting cells using either a hemacytometer or electronically using a Coulter counter. Cell counting with a hemacytometer permits effective discrimination of live from dead cells using trypan blue exclusion. In addition, the procedure is less subject to errors arising from cell clumping or size heterogeneity. ...
Graham J M - - 2001
Peroxisome purification depends on a two-step procedure: differential centrifugation to prepare a light mitochondrial fraction and fractionation on a density-gradient medium preferably iodixanol or Nycodenz, to isolate the peroxisome enriched fraction. The iodixanol gradient may be a preformed continuous gradient or a self-generating gradient. Alternatively a continuous Nycodenz gradient or ...
Henderson T R - - 2001
PURPOSE: To demonstrate that the combination of impression cytology and single cell DNA fingerprinting represents a powerful tool that is suitable for detecting transplanted cells after corneal limbal allografting. METHODS: Fifty single cells were obtained by corneal impression cytology from 12 patients undergoing cataract surgery. Individual cells were isolated from ...
Wahl A F - - 2001
Counterflow centrifugal elutriation is a noninvasive method for separating large numbers of cells on the basis of their size and mass. For mammalian cells, this method is useful for separating mixed populations of cells, in particular cells at different stages of the cell division cycle without perturbing cell metabolism or ...
Strober W - - 2001
This appendix provides two protocols for monitoring cell growth. Counting cells using a hemacytometer is tedious but it allows one to effectively distinguish live cells from dead cells (using Trypan Blue exclusion). In addition, this procedure is less subject to errors due to cell clumping or heterogeneity of cell size. ...
Mandy F - - 2001
Absolute counting of cells or cell subsets has a number of significant clinical applications: monitoring the disease status of HIV-infected patients, enumerating residual white blood cells in leukoreduced blood products, and assessing immunodeficiency in a variety of situations. The single-platform method (flow cytometry alone) has emerged as the method of ...
Castle J D - - 2001
Cell fractionation is a useful preparative and analytical method in cell biology. It is essential for analysis of composition and function of cellular compartments and it is used to prepare materials for in vitro reconstitution studies This overview discusses the basic principles of centrifugation, the instruments available, choice of media, ...
Kanof M E - - 2001
This unit describes a procedure for separating T cells from other mononuclear cells by exploiting the unique ability of cells to bind to and form rosettes with sheep red blood cells (SRBC). This isolation method also allows recovery of the nonrosetting cell population (B lymphocytes, monocytes, and macrophages). Neuraminidase- and ...
Ott S L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of bulk-tank somatic cell counts (BTSCC) and the value of herd productivity (milk produced, calves born, and net costs for cow replacements) in US dairy herds in 1996. DESIGN: Randomized stratified national survey of dairy producers. SAMPLE POPULATION: Records from 1,219 dairy herds in the ...
Kraai R - - 2001
Circulating hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) are routinely measured by flow cytometry using CD34 expression. As an alternative, the "immature information" (IMI) channel measurement of the automated hematology analyzer Sysmex SE machines was developed. We tested the IMI channel HPC method with umbilical cord blood specimens. The IMI-HPCs were compared with ...
Ko M K - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to investigate the histomorphometric change in the normal development of human fetal corneal endothelial cells. Eighty one human fetal corneas, ranging from 12 to 40 weeks of gestation, were examined. For determination of gross parameters, corneal diameter and height were measured. Then the corneal ...
Han J Y - - 2001
Fetal nucleated erythrocytes circulating in maternal blood are a potential source of fetal DNA for noninvasive prenatal genetic diagnosis. However, the estimated ratio of fetal to maternal cells is extremely small. In order to enrich these cells, we performed direct culture using a two-phase liquid system. Mononuclear cells were obtained ...
Berezuk M M Departments of Pathology and Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Campus Box B216, Denver, Colorado 80262, - - 2001
To derive an equation to compensate for the discrepancies between whole cell preparations and tissue sections for more accurate enumeration of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) signals per cell. Mean centromere signal counts in touch preparations and corresponding 4-6-micron sections of paraffin-embedded tissue were calculated. Mean widest nuclear diameters were ...
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