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Results 701 - 750 of 1711
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F. Moraes,R. Reis,F. Lima
This paper presents a new layout style for macro-cells, using three-metal layers CMOS processes with stacked vias. The routing method between leaf cells reduces the track density up to 50% (compared to a double-layer router), allowing an important area reduction. The motivation to develop this work is the requirement in ...
Lütkemeyer D - - 2000
The robot automation of sampling and the subsequent treatment and storage of aliquots during mammalian cell cultivations was investigated. The complete setup, the development and testing of the sampling device, the robot arm, and the cell imaging system are described. The developed sampling device is directly coupled to a pilot ...
Doughty M J - - 2000
PURPOSE: To assess whether the size of the cells obtained by conjunctival impression cytology can be quantitatively assessed by measurement of the longest dimension of the cells. METHODS: Under topical benoxinate anaesthesia, cells were removed from the normally exposed nasal bulbar conjunctival surface using a 0.4 micron pore diameter filter ...
Tsao Y S - - 2000
A method has been developed to monitor the cell growth of aggregated human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) suspension cultures by measuring cumulative particle volume and the particle size distribution. This method employs a particle size analyzer that determines the size of individual particles by detecting their light obscuration (blockage) or ...
Chen J C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Quantitation of adult erythrocytes (RBC) containing fetal hemoglobin (F cells) is of potential clinical utility in evaluating erythropoietic disorders, such as myelodysplasia and hemoglobinopathies, and in monitoring F-cell augmenting therapy. F-cell counting methodologies include fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. Previous flow cytometric methods have employed an isotype antibody control ...
Geifman-Holtzman O - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the fetal E/e or e/e Rh genotype prenatally from peripheral maternal blood by examining sorted fetal cells from alloimmunized and nonalloimmunized pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen maternal peripheral venous blood samples were obtained before amniocentesis from 15 pregnant women who were homozygous for the ...
Revellin C - - 2000
Commercial soybean inoculants processed with sterilised peat and stored at 20 degrees C for 1-8 years were used as experimental materials to assess the changes in the physiological activity of Bradyrhizobium japonicum after storage. Viable counts decreased and physiological characteristics of the bacterium changed during storage, with an increase in ...
Rupp R - - 2000
The relationship between 10 cell-level descriptors in the first lactation and the risk of clinical mastitis in the second lactation was studied in 10205 Holstein cows from 1254 commercial herds using logistic regression. These 10 cell descriptors were based on the mean cell level over the whole first lactation, on ...
Pertoft H - - 2000
At present, centrifugation is the most common method for separation and isolation of cells and subcellular particles. The technique can be used for a wide range of applications. During latter years it has become obvious what a powerful method density gradient centrifugation is, especially when used in conjunction with sensitive ...
Müller A - - 2000
AIM: To assess uniformity of the corneal endothelial cell mosaic in children. METHODS: 36 healthy children (5-11 years old, 16 boys, 20 girls) were assessed by specular microscopy. Endothelial cell density (ECD) was calculated from measured cell areas, and the number of sides/cell noted. RESULTS: Average values for ECD and ...
Rohde C - - 2000
To compare synovial fluid characteristics of cattle with infectious and noninfectious arthritis. Retrospective cohort study. 130 cattle. Synovial fluid was analyzed for total nucleated cell count (NCC), absolute number and percentages of polymorphonuclear (PMN) and mononuclear cells, total protein (TP) concentration, and specific gravity. Cattle were categorized as having infectious ...
Gallez F - - 2000
The present work aimed (1) to evaluate ATP content in saliva by the bioluminescent luciferin-luciferase method, (2) to evaluate the relationships between ATP content, bacterial count and epithelial cell numbers in saliva, (3) to study the effect of two different antiseptics (peroxidase system producing hypothiocyanite and chlorhexidine) on the salivary ...
Stegemann J P - - 2000
As cell-based therapies receive approval for clinical evaluation and use, the development of reliable methods to quantify cell number and control the dose of therapy delivered is becoming increasingly important. An example is the determination of the number and volume of primary porcine hepatocytes used in an extracorporeal treatment for ...
Stella CA - - 2000
The present article describes a simple protocol that allows the study of nitrogen source utilisation by cells and its relation with cellular growth. The assay can be performed using the minimum of laboratory equipment.
Prioult G - - 2000
An immunofluorescent method involving double color labeling and confocal microscopy was reported to specifically detect lactic acid bacteria and probiotic cells coimmobilized in gels beads. The method described is rapid (4 h) and sensitive and may be useful for studying cell dynamics during mixed-culture starter production using immobilized cells in ...
Maruyama A - - 2000
To rapidly and accurately enumerate total and specific microbes in aquatic samples, fluorescent in situ hybridization was combined with direct counting via direct immobilization of cells on a polymer-coated Nuclepore filter. The technique, named FISH-DC, achieved almost complete recovery of total cells and reproducibility of Psychrobacter pacificensis cells of deep-sea ...
Chianéa T - - 2000
Field flow fractionation (FFF) methods were conceptualised in the late 1960s by J.C Giddings. These techniques are particularly suited for the retention and separation of micron and sub-micron sized particles. Systematic technological development as well as methodological procedures were established to achieve separations over the last 30 years. The elution ...
Stock W - - 2000
Disorders of white cells are very common in clinical practice. White-cell development and numbers are controlled by a mixture of external stimuli including cytokines, matrix proteins, and accessory cells. Several different white-cell lineages are recognised; each has a role in host defence. Both white-cell deficiency and overproduction can lead to ...
D-a Conver,Takao Kaneko
-digital LSI, standard cel l, #-# type A-D converter, #-# type D-A converter 1. Introduction A range ofdiB#EM t analog standard cells and methods for layiC out such cells have been reportedwie the goal of siEBBfik#zj thedesiE ofmi#z analog-dizj#z LSIs and shorteni# thedesiP cycle.Wil the ai of achiCCMM the same ...
Mascher F - - 2000
The effects of oxygen limitation, low redox potential, and high NaCl stress for 7 days in vitro on the rifampin-resistant biocontrol inoculant Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0-Rif and its subsequent persistence in natural soil for 54 days were investigated. Throughout the experiment, the strain was monitored using total cell counts (immunofluorescence microscopy), ...
Darling J L - - 2000
We describe a simple method for detecting [35S]methionine-labeled protein in fixed human astrocytoma cells grown in 96-well microtitration plates using a modified scintillation autofluorographic method. Following isotopic labeling, cells are fixed in situ and a solution of salicylic acid in methanol is dried onto the cell layer. The fluorographic image ...
Bajaj S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The performance of a fully automated scanning cytometer incorporating previously reported high-precision autofocus and accurate image segmentation was evaluated for the detection of "ultra-rare" cells using a model of fetal nucleated red blood cells (fnRBCs) in the maternal circulation. These distinctive scanning cytometry techniques were expected to markedly improve ...
Wang Q L - - 2000
Low molecular weigh, heparin (LMWH) possesses multiple nonanticoagulant properties. In the present study, we observed its anti-airway allergic inflammatory effects by bronchoalveolar lavage in guinea pigs. Guinea pigs were sensitized by repeatedly inhaling aerosolized ovalbumin. LMWH (400 u/l, 800 u/l), dexamethasone (1.2 mg/1) or vehicle (normal saline) was inhaled for ...
Mamchaoui K - - 2000
This report describes an open-air method for measuring the O(2) consumption (QO(2)) of intact monolayers of cultured cells. This method is based on Fick's second law of diffusion. It requires only a micromanipulator and a miniature O(2) electrode to measure the PO(2) gradient in the culture medium in the well. ...
Kersey R - - 2000
A cell count and differential was obtained on synovial fluid samples from 79 total knee arthroplasties undergoing revision for aseptic failure over a 5-year period. The mean white blood cell count (WBC) was 782/mL (range, 11-7,200/mL). The mean percentage of monocyte cells was 87%, and the mean polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PML) ...
Moreno M J - - 2000
Differential leukocyte counts on noninflammatory synovial fluids (NISF) are not widely reported or used in research, apparently due to technical difficulties related to either high viscosity or low numbers of cells. We describe an evaluation of a technique using hyaluronidase and cytospin preparations to study NISF. Twenty-three consecutive synovial fluids ...
Bounous D I - - 2000
Blood samples taken from 48 4-mo-old wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopova silvestris) were used to establish reference intervals for hematology and serum chemistry values. The study was conducted during September and October 1996. Packed cell volume, total and differential white cell counts, total protein, albumin, glucose, calcium, uric acid, triglyceride concentrations, ...
Roman R M - - 2000
Correlations were obtained between 18 response variables of a Jersey herd (Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Gainesville) for 374 first lactations. Estimates were from the use of multivariate, derivative-free, restricted maximum likelihood procedures with the simplex method of partial maximization. Estimates agreed closely with those obtained previously by other methods in ...
Chan K L - - 2000
The separation of trophoblast cells from the maternal circulation could provide a valuable diagnostic tool for prenatal diagnosis of genetic abnormalities. This has been attempted using antibody methods, but due to non-specificity of the antibodies, maternal cell contamination remains a problem. We have investigated the potential of dielectrophoretic separation methods ...
Dakashev A D - - 2000
Air transported samples of a mixture containing the analyte and a supporting electrolyte are consecutively propelled into a microconduit system through a titration cell, a coil and a detector cell. Different amounts of electrochemically generated titrant are obtained in the separate samples while they are passing through the titration cell. ...
Medina F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The advancement of knowledge about the biology of human normal plasma cells (PC) is hampered by their low frequency and difficult isolation. The aim of this study is to design a way of purifying these cells. METHODS: To this end, advantage was taken of the fact that human tonsil ...
Olatunji P O - - 2000
The relationship between each of haemoglobin concentration (Hb), red cell count (RCC), white cell count (WBC), platelet count (PLT), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), red cell width difference (RWD), and average number of acute admissions per year (AVEADM), were determined in a cross-sectional study of 128 Afro-Caribbean sickle cell anaemia patients ...
Choe L H - - 2000
We tested and compared three different commercially available instruments for isoelectric focusing for proteome analysis by two-dimensional protein electrophoresis. These instruments, the Multiphor, the IPGphor, and the Protean IEF cell, were used with 18 cm immobilized pH gradient strips and run under various conditions. The total number of spots and ...
Cousins C M - - 2000
There has been interest for a number of years in the possibility of separating blood into cells and plasma by methods other than centrifugation, so that the plasma can be analysed on-line. Cells in whole blood normally occupy about 45% of the suspension volume. It has been shown with a ...
Brombacher V - - 2000
A notable degree of research attention is being focused on the use of fetal cells enriched from the blood of pregnant women as a non-invasive means of prenatal diagnosis. By using magnetic activated cells sorting (MACS) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we have examined the efficacy of enriched fetal ...
Parameswaran K - - 2000
The inflammatory component of asthma is usually assessed indirectly by symptoms and spirometry, these may be inaccurate. It can now be assessed directly and reliably by the examination of sputum cell counts. There is no information on how clinical assessment of the presence and type of airway inflammation compares with ...
Jayabrata Ghosh-dastidar,Nur A. Touba
This paper presents a rapid and scalable built-in selftest (BIST) diagnosis scheme for handling BIST environments with a large number of scan chains. The problem of identifying which scan cells captured errors during the BIST session is formulated here as a search problem. A scheme for adding a small amount ...
Belda J - - 2000
Induced sputum cell counts provide a relatively noninvasive method to evaluate the presence, type, and degree of inflammation in the airways of the lungs. Their interpretation requires a knowledge of normal values from a healthy population. The objective was to examine the total and differential cell counts in induced sputum ...
Whiteley A S - - 2000
We present a method for the selective, physical separation of active and non-active bacterial cells from natural communities. The method exploits the reduction of tetrazolium salts to form insoluble formazan crystals intracellularly in response to the addition of different oxidisable substrates. The intracellular deposition of formazan alters the bouyant density ...
Chen Z - - 2000
To establish the method of cell separation with domestic immuomagnetic beads, three methods were investigated. Direct method, SPA method and Biotin-Avidin method were applied to separate cell strain Hut-78 and CD4 positive cells. Separation rate of strain Hut-78 was more than 90% in direct method. Detachment rate with papain was ...
Morrison A E - - 2000
A prospective study of three cell separators was undertaken to compare the mononuclear cell, CD34+ cell and CFU-GM yield. Twenty patients were entered in the study; all had received chemotherapy and daily G-CSF (5 microg/kg subcutaneously) up to and including the first day of leucapheresis. The first leucapheresis was performed ...
Pajulo O T - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is not known, to what extent the observed cellular changes in healing surgical wounds are species-, individual- or site-specific or whether they depend on the research method used. The aim of this study was to compare two independent methods for harvesting wound cells from porcine wounds ...
Vu T Q - - 2000
The D3 preferring dopamine agonist pramipexole has been shown to attenuate the cell loss induced by levodopa in vitro. Pramipexole was herein evaluated in the 6-hydroxydopamine lesion model to determine its in vivo effect. Rats were treated with pramipexole or saline before and after an intracerebroventricular 6-hydroxydopamine injection. In the ...
Zou L - - 2000
To find a simple, effective method of isolating fetal cells from maternal peripheral blood for prenatal diagnosis, 45 women were studied with their gestation being 6-14 weeks and age 21-30 years. The fetal cells were isolated from maternal blood by using discontinuous density gradient centrifugation. Some of the isolated cells ...
Spanová A - - 2000
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the application of various sample preparation methods (cell washing before lysis, purification of DNA using phenol extraction method, immunomagnetic separation-IMS) for the final PCR identification of Salmonella cells. The presence of PCR inhibitors in processed food products (milk powder and dried ...
Daugelavicius R - - 2001
A method is described to estimate the microbial biomass of a sample, to enumerate the cells, and to distinguish the portion of metabolically active cells in the population by measuring the binding of phenyldicarbaundecaborane (PCB(-)) to the cells. This method can also be used for the analysis of a complex ...
Prieto A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Internal standards have been used in flow cytometry methods to enumerate lymphoid subsets and hemopoietic progenitor cells ex vivo. However, the currently available methods cannot be readily applied to the analysis of cultured cells because of the frequent occurrence of cell death during in vitro assays. METHODS: This paper ...
Ledent E - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to study the effect of storage time on the filtration of platelet concentrates (PCs). We compared the total number of white blood cells (WBC), as well as the distribution of WBC subsets, in units filtered before and after storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Buffy coat-derived ...
- - 2000
Hawkins E C - - 1999
A technique that did not require use of a bronchoscope for bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in dogs was developed. An inexpensive, readily available 16-F Levin-type stomach tube was modified for the procedure. The technique was effective for collecting BAL fluid in 9 dogs that ranged from 9.3 to 26.2 kg (20.5 ...
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