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Results 701 - 750 of 1612
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Garvin A M - - 1998
Single cell PCR is a powerful method for determining the genetic properties of individual cells. In the instance of heterozygous loci, however, preferential amplification of one allele can lead to allele drop out (ADO) of the other allele. Fortunately ADO does not occur in all amplifications, and is usually random ...
Navenot J M - - 1998
A new method to quantify red blood cells (RBCs) containing fetal hemoglobin (HbF), or F cells, by flow cytometry was developed. The use of formaldehyde as fixative agent and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to permeabilize fixed RBCs resulted in a low staining background, a negligible Hb leakage, and minimal cell ...
Martin Collier
A method is described for performing routing in three-stage ATM switches which feature multiple channels between the switch modules in adjacent stages. The method is suited to hardware implementation using parallelism to achieve a very short execution time. This allows cell-level routing to be performed, whereby routes are updated in ...
Hübl W - - 1998
Conventional flow cytometric methods for CD34+ cell counting may be affected by the high number of nucleated red blood cells or nonviable cells in cord blood and its products. We developed a simple flow cytometric no-wash procedure that avoids these shortcomings because it provides absolute CD34+ cell counts and assesses ...
Rose JK - - 1998
The Charentais variety of melon (Cucumis melo cv Reticulatus F1 Alpha) was observed to undergo very rapid ripening, with the transition from the preripe to overripe stage occurring within 24 to 48 h. During this time, the flesh first softened and then exhibited substantial disintegration, suggesting that Charentais may represent ...
Flowers A E - - 1998
The tropical marine sponge Dysidea herbacea (Keller) contains the filamentous unicellular cyanobacterium Oscillatoria spongeliae (Schulze) Hauck as an endosymbiont, plus numerous bacteria, both intracellular and extracellular. Archaeocytes and choanocytes are the major sponge cell types present. Density gradient centrifugation of glutaraldehyde-fixed cells with Percoll as the support medium has been ...
el-Harazi S M - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the interobserver and intraobserver reproducibility of the laser flare meter and laser cell counter in assessing anterior chamber inflammation following cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine eyes with varied degrees of inflammation and 9 normal eyes were included in the study. Anterior chamber flare and ...
Holzgreve W - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the transfer of fetal blood cells to the maternal circulation is perturbed in pregnancies affected by preeclampsia. METHODS: Fetal erythroblasts were isolated from eight women with clinically diagnosed preeclampsia (blood pressure values of at least 140/90 mmHg and associated proteinuria) and an equal number of matched ...
Huntenburg C C - - 1998
This review describes the published preclinical and clinical data on the use of a manual or semiautomated immunomagnetic selection device, termed the Isolex system. Preclinical evaluation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+ cells) selected from bone marrow, peripheral blood leukapheresis products, and umbilical cord blood is reviewed with respect to differentiation ...
Strasser A - - 1998
A simple method for the simultaneous separation and purification of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and polymorphonuclear neutrophil cells (PMNC) was developed for comparative and functional studies in the immune system of the dog. Purity and cell viability were > 95%, yields were similar to those obtained by other techniques ...
ten Hacken N H - - 1998
Counting of inflammatory cells in human airway biopsy specimens is difficult because immunopositive cells are present in varying density in lung tissue. The goal of our study was to assess the minimal amount of tissue that is necessary for the counting of constant cell numbers. In bronchial biopsy specimens from ...
Dubrovsky J G - - 1998
We present a field method for squash preparation of root apical meristem that does not require dry ice for cell adhesion to a slide. The method is based on the use of a weak gelatin solution as a stabilizing agent to prevent cell loss. Alcian blue 8GX was used as ...
Nógrády N - - 1998
Immunochemical methods were developed for monitoring cyclodextrin (CD) glycosyltransferase (CGTase) production and growth of an industrial CD-producing Bacillus macerans strain. Extracellular concentrations of CGTase released into a non-transparent culture medium during a 44 h long fermentation were detected by an indirect antigen inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The ELISA was ...
Mancini A - - 1998
In a previous paper it was demonstrated that Coenzyme Q10, a lipidic molecule with important antioxidant properties, is present at remarkable levels in human seminal fluid, and shows a direct correlation with seminal parameters (sperm count and motility). In patients with varicocele, on the contrary, correlation with sperm motility was ...
Beckert, Rolf
The aim of this investigation is to show, whether totally different calibration methods (absolute spectral response at Fraunhofer ISE, blackbody at various temperatures at SERC) give similar results for the performance of TPV cells under infrared spectra. Two cell types (InGaAs and GaSb) have been tested, applying two different methods ...
Ben-Ezra J - - 1998
Urinalysis is a high-volume procedure that currently requires significant labor to examine microscopic sediment. We evaluated the Sysmex UF-100 automated urinalysis analyzer for performing this task. Instrument accuracy was assessed by comparing continuous counts of microscopic elements from the UF-100 with ranges of cells (per low-power field or high-power field) ...
Crespo R - - 1998
Air sac lavage has become a routine diagnostic tool used in pet birds; however, cytologic techniques for collection and handling of avian cells have not been reported. In this study, directed endoscopy was used to obtain the air sac washes. Different factors were compared that might affect final preservation of ...
de Pablo M A - - 1998
A mixture of Ficoll 400 and sodium diatrizoate (Hypaque) at a density of 1.077 g/ml has been used to isolate the mononuclear cells from the remaining haematic cells. A simple, inexpensive and classical method was established to obtain substantially erythrocyte-free polymorphonuclear cell preparations from mouse peripheral blood, using a mixture ...
Bohmer R M - - 1998
The maternal peripheral blood circulation can serve as a source of fetal cells for the prenatal diagnosis of genetic abnormalities, eliminating the need for fetal cell sampling by invasive techniques. However, the extreme scarcity of these cells leads to a variety of biological questions and technical hurdles on the way ...
Daniel V - - 1998
Flow cytometry technique is predominantly used to measure fluorescence intensity produced by fluorescent-labeled antrbodies or ligands (e.g., cytokines, hormones) that bind specific cell-assocrated molecules. Flow cytometry is quantitative, fast (analysis of >l0,000 cells/min), reliable, and reproducible. Cells can be analyzed individually and simultaneously for several different characteristics or parameters (e.g., ...
Nelson M - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Kleihauer slide test is in general use to screen obstetric patients for possible fetomaternal haemorrhage. Since 1993, Rh(D)-negative patients have been tested in our laboratory by a flow-cytometric method detecting Rh(D)-positive fetal cells, a method which offers improved sensitivity and accuracy. We report another flow-cytometric method ...
Pal U - - 1998
Automatic cell segmentation has various application potentials in cytometry and histometry. In this paper, an automatic cluster (touching) cell segmentation approach using the dominant contour feature points has been presented. Dominant feature points are the locations of indentation on the contour of the cluster. First, dominant feature points on the ...
Büsche G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: A new parametric method is presented, called "square sampling," which speeds up the estimate of the number of cells or particles that are randomly distributed within a tissue. STUDY DESIGN: The principle of square sampling is subdivision of a biopsy into at least 100 squares of the same size ...
Kelly J D - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To derive and validate a rapid method for calculating apoptotic indices in superficial transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) as a measure of chemosensitivity to mitomycin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Apoptotic cells, identified by light microscopy in 20 superficial TCC specimens, were expressed as an index of the total tumour cell population ...
Andreoni G - - 1997
A new method is presented for the quantification of cell viability based on densitometry with computerized image analysis. Neuronal cells were stained with crystal violet and densitometric analysis was performed with an IBAS 2.0 image analyzer (Kontron/ Zeiss), using specially implemented dedicated software which integrates the optical density of the ...
Tortorello M L - - 1997
The antibody-direct epifluorescent filter (Ab-DEFT) technique was evaluated as a rapid alternative to the most probable number (MPN) method for enumeration of artificially inoculated Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat packaged salads and other fresh vegetables. Ab-DEFT was performed by homogenization of food in mesh-lined Stomacher bags, followed by prefiltration of homogenate ...
Harkacz O M OM - - 1997
The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to determine if the oral rehydration fluid Gatorade could serve as a suitable temporary storage medium for maintenance of periodontal ligament (PDL) cell viability on avulsed teeth and 2) to determine if fat content is related to maintenance of cell viability when ...
Jansen M W - - 1997
Fetal cells are present in the circulation of pregnant women and can be isolated using density gradient centrifugation and magnetic cell sorting. In the present study, maternal cell preparations were depleted for CD45- and CD14-positive cells and enriched for CD71-positive cells. The number of fetal nucleated cells was determined using ...
Lode H N - - 1997
A sensitive assay was developed for the detection of neuroblastoma cell contamination in CD34+ selected and unseparated peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) used for autologous transplantation in stage 4 neuroblastoma patients. Specifically, we established a non-radioactive nested cDNA-PCR (nPCR) for detection of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene expression combined with anti-disialoganglioside ...
Redenbach D M - - 1997
The size discrepancy between leukocytes [white blood cells (WBCs)] and pulmonary capillaries requires WBCs to deform. We investigated the persistence of this deformation on cells leaving the capillary bed and the role played by the cytoskeleton. Isolated rabbit lungs were perfused in situ via the pulmonary artery with effluent fractions ...
Joux F - - 1997
The direct viable count method first described by Kogure et al. (Can. J. Microbiol. 25:415-420, 1979) was improved by using an antibiotic cocktail instead of nalidixic acid alone. We screened 100 marine isolates from two coastal areas for their sensitivities to five replication-inhibiting antibiotics, including four quinolones (nalidixic, piromidic, and ...
Iles-Mann J - - 1997
The Cell Dyn 3500 (CD 3500) Haematology Analyser (Abbott Diagnostics, Lane Cove, NSW, Australia) has been evaluated to determine the reliability of the differential and white cell suspect flagging in a population of patients with known haematological abnormalities. The evaluation included the assessment of white cell differential parameters in addition ...
Arnutti P - - 1997
The study on quality control of automated blood cell analyzers, Technicon H*1 and Coulter MAXM by using three separately self-prepared control cells was extensively investigated. The three parts of control cells are pseudo-leukocyte and fixed platelets, which are fixed by glutaraldehyde, and control red cells from normal and thalassemic patients ...
Flint S H - - 1997
The use of the Malthus conductance growth analyser for the detection of Streptococcus bovis attached to stainless steel surface was evaluated. A comparison between the results from acridine orange epifluorescence direct counts, swab recovery viable count and conductance estimates of attached cell concentrations, based on calibrations for planktonic cells, showed ...
van Oostenbrugge R J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the use of polylysine-coated (PLC) slides for cytocentrifugation on the morphology and number of cells in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and its effectiveness in improving the diagnostic sensitivity of the cytologic examination of CSF. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed the morphology and numbers of cells in ...
Hedreen J C - - 1997
We commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of the publication of a pioneering paper on cell counting, by Gaule and Lewin. Their paper describes a new method for counting cells in tissue sections. First they found the mean number of cell profiles per cell by examining 50 selected cells in serial ...
Tommy Norberg
The note provides a method for obtaining simultaneous confidence intervals for any combination of cell probabilities of a multinomial distribution. Large sample size is assumed.
Powell R L - - 1997
Canadian and US evaluations of Holstein bulls were compared for longevity measures (433 bulls) and somatic cell score (354 bulls). Bulls were required to have a birth year of > or = 1975, daughter information from > or = 20 herds, and a reliability of > or = 50% in ...
Mohan Guruswamy,Robert L. Maziasz,Daniel ...
This paper describes a fully automatic standard-cell layout synthesis system, CELLERITY. The system is flexible in supporting a wide variety of process technologies and a range of library template styles. The tool is fully automatic and provides several options to the user to customize the layout template. The tool considers ...
Sagawa M - - 1997
In situ PCR is a new technique for the localization of low copy number sequences. We report here a method for the in situ visualization of a point mutation in K-ras codon 12 by indirect in situ PCR. Twenty-five primers were examined to select mutant-specific primers. Harvested cell lines were ...
Berois N - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The detection of occult carcinoma cells in patients with breast cancer may aid determination of prognosis and the development of new therapeutic approaches. In this study, we report a new method to detect rare human breast cancer cells, which combines an immunomagnetic separation (IMS) procedure with cytokeratin 19 (CK ...
Hanley Q S - - 1997
The use of energy-resolved area detection of Laue diffraction patterns for the determination of unit-cell parameters and systematic absences is demonstrated. Seven different crystals having previously known unit cells were re-examined using Laue diffraction methods. These crystals included four different crystal systems including cubic, orthorhombic, tetragonal and monoclinic cells. The ...
Adinolfi M - - 1997
Human trophoblastic cells can be retrieved by minimally invasive procedures from the endocervical canal between between 6 and 15 weeks gestation. The incidence with which fetal cells can be detected in transcervical cell (TCC) samples varies according to the method of collection and the molecular techniques employed for their identification. ...
Fennington G J GJ - - 1997
Bacterial cell stock paste of Brevundimonas diminuta (American Type Culture Collection # 19146) used for filter validation was evaluated by standard microbiological procedures to determine culture purity, monodispersion, cell size, and strain identity. Tests performed included direct microscopic count, standard plate count, gram stain, streak plate, sizing by microfiltration, scanning ...
Luca Cardelli,Joint Work Martn ...
method set ( n : Integer ) is self . contents := n end ; end ; Object-Based Languages March 9, 1997 10:43 pm 5 An Object Generator Procedures as object generators. Quite similar to classes! procedure newCell ( m : Integer ): Cell is object cell : Cell is ...
Netten H - - 1997
Fluorescence in situ hybridization allows the enumeration of chromosomal abnormalities in interphase cell nuclei. This process is called dot counting. To estimate the distribution of chromosomes per cell, a large number of cells have to be analyzed, especially when the frequency of aberrant cells is low. Automation of dot counting ...
Valerio D - - 1997
Fetal nucleated red cells which pass into the maternal circulation during pregnancy are a potential cell source for non-invasive prenatal genetic diagnosis. To sort these rare cells with a high degree of specificity, we focussed our attention on the erythropoietin receptor, a strictly erythroid-specific antigen. We first labelled these receptors ...
Lakew M - - 1997
A combination of immunomagnetic cell sorting and ELISPOT techniques has been evaluated to permit enrichment and characterization of antibody-secreting cells (ASC). Cell suspensions containing putative ASC were first incubated with magnetic microbeads coated with antibodies specific for a given cell surface marker. After separation of bead-cell clusters and free cells, ...
Pesce C - - 1997
In this work a new method for gastrin-secreting cell (G-cell) density measurement was employed in order to test the hypothesis that G-cell density of the antral mucosa can be estimated with an acceptable degree of error. The zone of antral mucosa where most G-cells are located was demarcated, its area ...
Bianchi D W - - 1997
The presence of fetal cells in maternal blood has been demonstrated by many investigators who continue to refine methods to permit their isolation, identification and genetic analysis. The sensitivity and specificity of this technique for noninvasive aneuploidy detection is currently being addressed in a multicenter clinical trial. Significant advances have ...
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