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Results 651 - 700 of 2068
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Martinez Viedma Pilar - - 2009
Enterocin AS-48 was tested against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, and Listeria monocytogenes in different kinds of desserts. The highest activity against S. aureus was detected in baker cream. However, in yogurt-type soy-based desserts and in gelatin pudding, AS-48 (175 arbitrary units [AU]/g) reduced viable cell counts of S. aureus by ...
Schmidt Michael - - 2009
BACKGROUND: According to German regulations and guidelines, residual red blood cells (rRBCs) and residual white blood cells (rWBCs) must number fewer than 3 x 10(9) cells/unit and 1 x 10(6) cells/unit in platelet concentrates (PCs), respectively. Due to low levels of residual cells in final products, there is still a ...
Ekholm M E - - 2010
AIM: Fluorescent protein-based indicators have enabled measurement of intracellular signals previously nearly inaccessible for studies. However, indicators showing intracellular translocation upon response suffer from serious limitations, especially the very time-consuming data collection. We therefore set out in this study to evaluate whether fixing and counting cells showing translocation could mend ...
Rabanel Jean-Michel - - 2009
Cell encapsulation in microcapsules allows the in situ delivery of secreted proteins to treat different pathological conditions. Spherical microcapsules offer optimal surface-to-volume ratio for protein and nutrient diffusion, and thus, cell viability. This technology permits cell survival along with protein secretion activity upon appropriate host stimuli without the deleterious effects ...
Akduman Levent - - 2009
Several subjective and arbitrary grading methods are used in assessing cell and flare in uveitis. Clinicians are in need of an objective method of determining and monitoring active inflammation. We studied the correlation of changes in macular thickness between the visits and compared the change to visual acuity (VA), cell, ...
Prowse Andrew - - 2009
Enumeration of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) numbers through single cell digestion can be time consuming especially in high-throughput or multi-factorial analysis containing 50+ samples. We have developed a reproducible, cost-effective method of counting hESCs in clumps circumventing the need to manually dissociate each sample to single cells. The method ...
White Victoria V Medical Research Council Cancer Cell Unit, Hutchison/MRC Research Centre, Cambridge, - - 2009
Promising stool-based screening tests for colorectal carcinoma (CRC) rely on detection of exfoliated colonocytes or their contents. However, methods of colonocyte retrieval have not been studied systematically and current approaches are restricted by low yields. We examined colonocyte numbers in stool wash fractions and assessed the suitability of retrieved cells ...
Sroka Jolanta - - 2009
Five commonly used methods for the isolation of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) from blood and their subsequent effect on cell motile activity were compared. Although all methods (isolation from blood clots, hemolysis of erythrocytes in hypotonic solutions, and sedimentation with the use of Percoll, Ficoll 400 or Dextran T 500 ...
De Lorenzi Davide - - 2009
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) allows cell recovery from the lower respiratory tract; differential cell counts of BAL fluid gives important information in the assessment of various bronchial and pulmonary diseases. To the best of our knowledge no study has investigated the relation between the number of cells counted and the reproducibility ...
Wagner Sarah A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To measure epithelial cell percentages and somatic cell counts (SCCs) in milk and determine whether isoflupredone acetate reduces mammary gland epithelial cell sloughing in cows with acute endotoxin-induced mastitis. ANIMALS: 13 lactating Holstein cows. PROCEDURES: Determination of SCC and flow cytometric analysis of cytokeratin-positive (epithelial) cells in milk were ...
Mariani Sara - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Overall diversity of the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire can be regarded as a recapitulatory signature of a host's immunocompetence status. We aimed to establish a time- and cost-saving multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for determining the TCR repertoire of conventional alphabeta T cells in small T-cell samples. MATERIALS ...
Simberg Dmitri - - 2009
Perfluorocarbon microbubbles (MBs) are routinely used as in vivo ultrasound contrast reagent. In addition, there is great interest in the use of MBs for ultrasound-mediated delivery, for example, of drugs and genes. As MB size (1-10 microm) limits their distribution to the vasculature, we aimed to assess the efficiency of ...
Baumert Amandine - - 2009
Immune cells in the milk are most important in combating pathogens that invade the mammary gland. This study investigated the immune competence and viability of somatic milk cells that are already resident in milk and udders free of infection. Cells were studied in freshly removed milk to simulate conditions in ...
Pocoví Coloma - - 2009
The activity of human milk on cell growth has been evaluated on two cell lines, MDCK and Caco-2. The proportion of human milk samples that reduced by half the growth of MDCK cells was of 36%. This inhibitory activity was associated with casein and not the whey fraction. Great variability ...
Wellnitz Olga - - 2009
Determination of somatic cell count (SCC) is used worldwide in dairy practice to describe the hygienic status of the milk and the udder health of cows. When SCC is tested on a quarter level to detect single quarters with high SCC levels of cows for practical reasons, mostly foremilk samples ...
Damiano G - - 2009
The aim of this work was to demonstrate a greater number of viable cells using a micro-surgical in-situ perfusion to collect rat pancreata compared with the pancreas after exsanguination. We used 3 groups of 20 rats. Perfusion was performed by selective cannulation of the left common iliac artery with administration ...
D'Angelo A - - 2009
Samples of CSF collected from 20 normal healthy calves were analysed either immediately or after having been stored for 24 hours at 4 degrees C in the presence of 11 per cent autologous serum. There were no significant differences between the total and differential cells counts of the fresh and ...
Edwards H K - - 2009
Ultramicrotomy, focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIBSEM) and cryogenic FIBSEM (cryo-FIBSEM) techniques, as developed for the controlled cross-sectioning of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and human osteoblasts (HObs) on titanium (Ti) substrates for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) investigation, are compared. Conventional ultramicrotomy has been used to section cells on Ti-foil ...
den Hertog A L - - 2009
SETTING: A tuberculosis (TB) research laboratory in the Netherlands. OBJECTIVE: The concentration of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cells from sputum is almost universally performed by centrifugation after chemical liquefaction. These methods are thus dependent on the effective sedimentation of mycobacterial cells, and the buoyant density of these cells relative to sputum is ...
Mathupala Saroj S Department of Neurological Surgery and Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2009
Isolation of clonal cell populations is a crucial aspect of cell biology during engineering of specific cell strains with both genotypic and phenotypic variations. The use of cloning rings is the most established method, but requires anchoring chemicals or material that can often interfere with quantitative clonal-cell isolation and causes ...
Gedoz Luhana L Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2009
To validate quantitative analysis of epithelial cells in oral mucosa smears of smokers and nonsmokers. Sixty samples from the oral mucosa of 10 smokers and 10 nonsmokers were collected from the anatomic sites more frequently affected by oral cancer: lower lip, border of the tongue and floor of the mouth. ...
An Jaemin - - 2009
In this paper, we successfully separated malignant human breast cancer epithelial cells (MCF 7) from healthy breast cells (MCF 10A) and analyzed the main parameters that influence the separation efficiency with an advanced dielectrophoresis (DEP)-activated cell sorter (DACS). Using the efficient DACS, the malignant cancer cells (MCF 7) were isolated ...
Dupont Claire - - 2009
The impacts of 12 common food industry stresses on the single-cell growth probability and single-cell lag time distribution of Listeria monocytogenes were determined in half Fraser broth, the primary enrichment broth of the International Organization for Standardization detection method. First, it was determined that the ability of a cell to ...
Araki Emiko - - 2009
Quantitative separation of live cells from food samples is essential for non-culture methods to be validated. In this viewpoint, the feasibility of density gradient centrifugation (DGC) was demonstrated for the first time using samples of yellowtail meat to which Morganella morganii, a histamine producing bacterium had been added. Using a ...
Tahar Aissa Jamel - - 2009
Conclusions: This study showed that macrophages, B cells, and T cells occurred at different frequencies, localizations, and times after acute laser tympanic membrane perforation. Immunological cells were most prevalent in the proliferative mass adjacent to the annulus region. The cellular immunological response in freshly perforated eardrums was unexpectedly aggressive. Objectives: ...
Lambrecht Bernd - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A fully automated single-tube assay with tubes (BD TruCOUNT, BD Biosciences) for absolute counting of residual cells in freshly prepared plasma by flow cytometry was developed (BD Plasma Count). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The nucleic acid dye thiazole orange stains white blood cells (WBCs). The monoclonal antibodies anti-CD41a-peridinin chlorophyll ...
Rosenberg Tara L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We undertook (1) to measure the cell density within the lamina propria of the neonatal vocal folds and (2) to examine changes in cell density in the lamina propria with increasing gestational age of the neonatal vocal folds. METHODS: Intact neonatal larynges were obtained from fresh cadaveric specimens. Hematoxylin ...
Halasa T - - 2009
Milk, fat, and protein loss due to a new subclinical mastitis case may be economically important, and the objective of this study was to estimate this loss. The loss was estimated based on test-day (TD) cow records collected over a 1-yr period from 400 randomly selected Dutch dairy herds. After ...
Zhao Yongxi - - 2009
Preparation of calibration standards for cell enumeration is critical in characterizing the performance of any method or apparatus intended for recovering rare cells. Diluting a cell suspension serially is prone to statistical sampling errors as the cell suspension becomes more dilute, whereas transferring and injecting cells individually into a diluent ...
Klingbeil Ma Fátima Guarizo - - 2009
The possibility of obtaining transplantable oral epithelia opens new perspectives for oral treatments. Most of them are surgical, resulting in mucosal failures. As reconstructive material this in vitro epithelia would be also useful for other parts of the human body. Many researchers still use controversial methods; therefore it was evaluated ...
Sonak, S.
The crystal violet microplate adhension assay was modified to evaluate bacterial adhesion to metal and non-metal surfaces. Both viable cell count and the absorbance of the crystal violet stained cells attached to aluminium increased over the period of ineubation. There was a highly significant positive linear relationship between crystal violet ...
Lehec Sharon C - - 2009
For clinical hepatocyte transplantation, cells need to be prepared in a sterile GMP environment. Strict regulations are in place that set the standard for this environment that cells are prepared in. These regulations control all aspects of the environment. In the United Kingdom, the laboratory must have a licence from ...
Vistejnova Lucie - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Determination of cell numbers is a crucial step in studies focused on cytokinetics and cell toxicity. The impedance-based analysis employing electronic sensor array system xCELLigence System allowing label-free dynamic monitoring of relative viable adherent cell amounts was compared with the most utilized methods for relative quantification of viable cell ...
McAtee Peter A - - 2009
Cell size is a structural component of fleshy fruit, contributing to important traits such as fruit size and texture. There are currently a number of methods for measuring cell size; most rely either on tissue sectioning or digestion of the tissue with cell wall degrading enzymes or chemicals to release ...
Cortopassi-Laurino M - - 2009
In order to analyze the pollen resources used by the orchid bee Euglossa annectans, samples of larval provisions from cells under construction were taken from 12 different trap nests (wooden boxes) on Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil. The 43 samples collected between 2002 and 2005 represented all months except December. ...
Balbo Andrea - - 2009
The analytical ultracentrifuge (AUC) is a powerful biophysical tool that allows us to record macromolecular sedimentation profiles during high speed centrifugation. When properly planned and executed, an AUC sedimentation velocity or sedimentation equilibrium experiment can reveal a great deal about a protein in regards to size and shape, sample purity, ...
Halama Niels - - 2009
Determining the correct number of positive immune cells in immunohistological sections of colorectal cancer and other tumor entities is emerging as an important clinical predictor and therapy selector for an individual patient. This task is usually obstructed by cell conglomerates of various sizes. We here show that at least in ...
Forero Manuel G MG NeuroDevelopment Group, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2009
Development, cancer, neurodegenerative and demyelinating diseases, injury, and stem cell manipulations are characterised by alterations in cell number. Research into development, disease, and the effects of drugs require cell number counts. These are generally indirect estimates, because counting cells in an animal or organ is paradoxically difficult, as well as ...
Catling S - - 2008
The intra-operative blood loss of 50 consecutive gynae-oncology patients undergoing surgery for endometrial, cervical or ovarian cancer was cell salvaged and filtered. In each case blood samples were taken from the effluent tumour vein, a central venous line, the cell saver reservoir, the cell salvage re-transfusion bag after processing but ...
Yao Kazuo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine local inhibition of Th2 cell infiltration as the basis for demonstrating the superior clinical effect of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) treatment for allergic rhinitis. METHODS: Mirror-image sections of the inferior turbinate mucosae of both sides were obtained from 26 patients who underwent TCA treatment on one side because ...
León Agathe - - 2009
BACKGROUND: CD4+ T cell recovery dynamics were analysed during the 'on treatment' periods in structured therapy interruption (STI) as well as the long-term immune reconstitution with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) after finishing STI. METHODS: One hundred and twenty HIV-1-infected patients on successful HAART were randomized to receive for 2 ...
Decordier Ilse - - 2009
Micronuclei (MN) frequencies in peripheral blood lymphocytes have been used worldwide as a biomarker of chromosomal damage for genotoxicity testing and biomonitoring studies. Automation of MN analysis would provide faster and more reliable results with minimizing subjective MN identification. We developed an automated facility for the scoring of the in ...
Riggio Oliviero - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of automated blood cell counters for ascitic polymorphonuclear (PMN) determination for: (1) diagnosis, (2) efficacy of the ongoing antibiotic therapy, and (3) resolution of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). METHODS: One hundred and twelve ascitic fluid samples were collected from 52 consecutive cirrhotic patients, 16 of ...
Lehto T - - 2008
CELL-DYN Ruby is a new automated hematology analyzer suitable for routine use in small laboratories and as a back-up or emergency analyzer in medium- to high-volume laboratories. The analyzer was evaluated by comparing the results from the CELL-DYN((R)) Ruby with the results obtained from CELL-DYN Sapphire . Precision, linearity, and ...
Kadivar Maryam M Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2008
To compare the argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) count of cells collected from the normal buccal mucosa of cigarette smokers, opium addicts and nonsmokers. Exfoliative cytologic smears of buccal mucosa from 25 smokers, 25 addicts and 25 nonsmokers were stained for AgNORs according to the Ploton's method. The AgNOR count ...
Densmore Lezlie - - 2008
Using fluorochrome-labeled probes for the X and Y chromosomes, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to test for the presence of male cells in the milk of women breastfeeding male babies. After breastfeeding, the women wiped one breast and collected a test sample. Wiping efficiency was evaluated in 2 ...
Warnatz Klaus - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) comprises heterogeneous antibody deficiency disorders. To classify this heterogeneous syndrome, clinical as well as immunologic parameters have been combined. Flowcytometric analysis of circulating T and B lymphocyte subpopulations has become an important tool in this endeavor of disease classification. METHODS: Multicolor flowcytometric analysis of circulating ...
Li Chenhong - - 2008
This article describes a simple whole cell formation technique that the author invented in teaching and experiments. The implementation of the invented technique is a syringe with a hole and slot. With the newly invented technique, novices will shorten their learning curve and veterans will increase their success rate. The ...
Seppo Antti - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: As fetal cells can be indisputably identified through detection of Y FISH signals, we utilized an automated microscopy system developed to identify and enumerate cells bearing X and Y FISH signals. We further investigated the potential of fetal hemoglobin expression as a gender independent marker for automated identification of ...
Singletary Morgan L - - 2008
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) by means of bronchoscopy is a diagnostic tool frequently used for clinical and research purposes in nonhuman primates. Although many institutions use this procedure, the technique is not standardized. One technical aspect that can vary is the method by which fluid is recovered. The purpose of this ...
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