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Horsman Katie M - - 2005
Forensic DNA analysis of sexual assault evidence requires separation of DNA from epithelial (victim) and sperm (perpetrator) cells. The conventional method used by crime laboratories, which is termed "differential extraction", is a time-consuming process. To supplant the conventional process, separation of sperm from a biological mixture containing epithelial cells has ...
Navarro-Hidalgo V - - 2005
A quantitative survey of Clostridium perfringens in typical foods served at local restaurants was conducted for 18 months in Guadalajara, Mexico. A total of 151 samples, including goat's birria (50), pozole (50), and beef tamales (51), were collected from small restaurants in Guadalajara. Samples were tested for C. perfringens by ...
Caraviello D Z - - 2005
Survival analysis in a Weibull proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the impact of somatic cell count (SCC) on the involuntary culling rate of US Holstein and Jersey cows with first calvings from 1990 to 2000. The full data set, consisting of records from 978,043 Holstein and 250,835 Jersey ...
Jansson, Kristina
Genotype by environment interaction for somatic cell count and mastitis in the first lactation of the Swedish Holstein breed was studied, using a reaction norm model and multiple trait analysis. Data from the Swedish milk-recording scheme containing more than 200 000 cows having their first calving from 1995-01-01 and onwards ...
Rueckert A - - 2005
AIMS: The development of a rapid method for the selective detection and enumeration of the total and viable vegetative cell and spore content of thermophilic bacilli in milk powder by PCR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Quantitative PCR and microscopy indicate the presence of up to 2.9 log units more cells in ...
Stern N J - - 2005
Campylobacter jejuni remains the most frequently reported bacterial cause of human gastroenteritis in Nordic countries. The primary source of transmission to humans is suggested as mishandled raw poultry or consuming improperly prepared chicken. The focus of this report was to characterize the prevalence and cell numbers of the organism within ...
Lara Oscar R - - 2005
Cell populations can be enriched using a number of physicochemical methods based on characteristics, such as density, size, and volume. Centrifugation using density gradients is typically applied to isolate populations with similar characteristics. Cells obtained using these methods can be further authenticated using specific antibodies that react to markers on ...
Divol B - - 2005
AIMS: In Botrytis-affected wine, high concentrations of SO2 are added to stop the alcoholic fermentation and to stabilize the wine. During maturing in barrels or bottle-ageing, an unwanted refermentation can sometimes occur. However, results of the usual plate count of wine samples at the beginning of maturing suggest wine microbial ...
James Alan L - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Hypertonic saline is recommended for the induction of sputum to assess airway inflammation. Methacholine is most commonly used to assess airway responsiveness. The aim of this study was to compare sputum induction by methacholine and hypertonic saline challenges, and the subsequent inflammatory cell differential counts. METHODOLOGY: Subjects (n = ...
Harris Neil - - 2005
Automated cell counters are widely used in modern clinical laboratories to provide reliable, fast, and cost-effective complete blood counts (CBCs), white blood cell differentials, and reticulocyte measurements. In addition, some advanced instruments provide novel parameters, such as the hemoglobin content of reticulocytes or the percentage of hypochromic cells, and are ...
Nayak Binaya Bhusan - - 2005
The co-existence of physiologically different cells in bacterial cultures is a general phenomenon. We have examined the applicability of the density dependent cell sorting (DDCS) method to separate subpopulations from a long-term starvation culture of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The cells were subjected to Percoll density gradient and separated into 12 fractions ...
Peters Carrie E - - 2005
Subsets of immune cells can be isolated before analysis by the enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay with various cell separation techniques. This chapter describes techniques to select desired cells or deplete unwanted cells by crosslinking cells to dense or magnetic particles for subsequent separation. The RosetteSep method can be used to ...
Sun Nongliang N Member, IEEE, College of Information and Electrical Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China. (Tel:+86-532-86057928; fax: +86-532-86057153; e-mail: - - 2005
Correctly counting the live cells plays a great role in the ectogenetic anti-virus experiment. According to the irregular shape and arbitrary size of the wall pasted Hela cells overlapping each other, we propose a scheme to segment and count the cells using Gabor filter with different parameters and Morphological operation. ...
Lamboursain Laurence - - 2005
Microscopic counting of plant cells is a very tedious and time-consuming process and is therefore seldom used to evaluate plant cell number on a routine basis. This study describes a fast and simple method to evaluate cell concentration in a plant cell suspension using a fluorescence microplate reader. Eschscholtzia californica ...
Mohamed Hisham - - 2004
Isolating rare cells from biological fluids including whole blood or bone marrow is an interesting biological problem. Characterization of a few metastatic cells from cancer patients for further study is desirable for prognosis/diagnosis. Traditional methods have not proven adequate, due to the compositional complexity of blood, with its large numbers ...
De Vliegher S - - 2004
The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of somatic cell count in early lactation (SCCel) from Belgian dairy heifers on test-day somatic cell count (SCC) in first lactation. Geometric mean SCCel [5 to 14 d in milk (DIM)] of the 14,766 available samples was 104,000 cells/mL, and ...
Skiest Daniel J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical, immunologic, and virologic outcomes in patients who stop antiretroviral therapy (ART) with relatively preserved CD4 cell counts. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with a documented CD4 cell count >250 cells/microL who stopped ART for any reason for at least 5 weeks were studied. Relevant clinical and laboratory ...
Hillerton J E - - 2004
The accuracy of somatic cell counts in milk samples was investigated in four studies. First, the counts recorded by one milk buyer in one supply over six months ranged from 105,000 to 401,000 cells/ml with no apparent changes in the volume of milk consigned or the level of mastitis in ...
Van Hee Pim - - 2004
The efficiency of physical separation of inclusion bodies from cell debris is related to cell debris size and inclusion body release and both factors should be taken into account when designing a process. In this work, cell disruption by enzymatic treatment with lysozyme and cellulase, by homogenization, and by homogenization ...
Jayarao B M - - 2004
This study was conducted to establish guidelines for monitoring bulk tank milk somatic cell count and bacterial counts, and to understand the relationship between different bacterial groups that occur in bulk tank milk. One hundred twenty-six dairy farms in 14 counties of Pennsylvania participated, each providing one bulk tank milk ...
Lara Oscar - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To develop a reliable technique to enrich for rare cells in blood suspensions using only negative selection steps including a flow-through immunomagnetic cell separations system and by optimizing variables normally encountered during such enrichment processes. METHODS: A human breast cancer cell line was cultivated and spiked at a ratio ...
Josep Domingo,Ferrer Josep,M. Mateo ...
We show in this paper how to break the security of cell suppression methods when these are used to anonymize contingency tables with at least one quantitative factor. The procedure combines distribution fitting and linear programming and may obtain interval estimates for the suppressed cells which are narrower than the ...
Shinya Masaru - - 2004
Fetal nucleated cells in maternal peripheral blood are a non-invasive source of fetal DNA for prenatal genetic diagnosis. However, the number of fetal cells present in maternal peripheral blood is very small. Therefore, fetal cell enrichment is generally considered necessary to allow detection and subsequent genetic analysis of the rare ...
Ferrer Elena - - 2004
We retrospectively evaluated the effectiveness of nevirapine-containing regimens in 118 naive patients initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy with CD4 cell counts S 200 cells/jl. After 24 months, 51% of patients continued nevirapine, 43 and 83% had viral loads < 50 copies/ml by intent-to-treat and on-treatment analyses, and a mean increase ...
Tefferi Ayalew - - 2004
Laboratory methods to detect both FIP1L1-PDGFRA and c-kit D816V mutations were combined with immunomagnetic cell separation to study the extent of clonal involvement by both myeloid and lymphoid cells in 3 patients with systemic mastocytosis associated with eosinophilia. The results suggested an early stem cell origin for the FIP1L1-PDGFRA mutation.
Taylor Theresa B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Since the sequencing of the human genome has been finished, microgenomics has been booming, employing highly sophisticated, high-throughput platforms. But these mainly chip-based methods can only generate biologically relevant data if the samples investigated consist of homogeneous cell populations, in which no unwanted cells of different specificity and/or developmental ...
Szaniszlo Peter - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Most biological samples are cell mixtures. Some basic questions are still unanswered about analyzing these heterogeneous samples using gene expression microarray technology (MAT). How meaningful is a cell mixture's overall gene expression profile (GEP)? Is it necessary to purify the cells of interest before microarray analysis, and how much ...
Kakinuma Hiroaki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) is divided into two groups according to cobalamin dependency, and this classification is important for treatment. Unfortunately, there has been no rapid and reliable method for the evaluation of cobalamin dependency. METHODS: [14C]-propionate incorporation into intact cells in the presence of either media alone or media ...
van Rijt Leonie S - - 2004
Mouse models of allergic asthma are increasingly used to study the immunopathology of this complex disorder. The degree and type of airway inflammation is often studied by determination of differential cell counts on cytospins of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells stained with May-Grünwald Giemsa, in which the separation of eosinophils ...
Simpson J L - - 2004
Excessive salivary contamination of induced sputum samples prevents the satisfactory examination of lower airway inflammation. The effects of salivary contamination on different sputum fluid phase measures and the levels of salivary contamination preventing analysis are not defined. The present study sought to examine this by investigating the effect of increasing ...
Dukes K A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a delay in initial fetal cell enrichment processing of maternal blood samples (defined as the time between blood draw and the initial density gradient centrifugation step) compromises the ability to recover fetal cells, we performed a randomized comparison of immediate (within 4 hours of ...
Gussin Hélène A Elicha - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that fetal cells in maternal blood that do not respond to hematopoietic culture conditions represent endothelial cells. We investigated whether endothelial progenitor cells of fetal origin may be selected from maternal blood on the basis of their expression of CD133 or CD105 and expanded in culture. METHODS: ...
Veress B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The number of intraepithelial lymphocytes in the duodenum was determined 30 years ago, the suggested normal upper limit being 40 lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells. METHODS: Duodenal mucosa was analysed from 18 healthy individuals and 56 consecutive patients biopsied because of epigastralgia (17 cases), diarrhoea (10 cases), oesophagitis (10 ...
Aybar Buket - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP Cerasorb Curasan-Germany) graft materials on specific parameters of rat osteoblast activity in vitro. Primary culture osteoblastic cells were isolated from neonatal rat calvaria by sequential collagenase digestion. To analyze the effect of biomaterials on cell proliferation, cell numbers and ...
Edlund B - - 2004
The effect of sample aging was studied on 80 blood samples collected from in-house patients within 2 hours before aspiration into the Cell-Dyn 4000 hematology analyzer. The first aspiration defined the zero-time value, and the samples were stored at ambient room temperature (23 degrees C) and reanalyzed at 12, 24, ...
Toft Gunnar - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To quantify semen quality in the Greenlandic population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study including recently proven fertile men from four regions including nine municipalities and one settlement in Greenland. METHODS: The samples were analysed for sperm cell concentrations and motility using standard methods. RESULTS: In total 201 semen samples ...
Ahn Yeonghee - - 2004
To better understand microbial community in sulfur-based nitrate removal process, comparative molecular analyses were performed with the biofilm formed on sulfur particles that were obtained from different bed-heights of a laboratory-scale reactor employed for the process. Microbial community in the reactor showed vertical heterogeneity in terms of total cell count ...
Dobbe J G G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The deformability of red blood cells (RBCs) is of great importance for the conservation of oxygen delivery in the microcirculation. Even a small fraction of rigid cells is considered to harm the exchange of respiratory gases. Techniques that measure RBC deformability often provide an indication of the mean deformability. ...
Arpagaus M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: JACIE Standards (FACT Standards in the USA) have been implemented in Europe since 1999. An on-site accreditation inspection took place at our center in January 2004. The purpose of this work was to develop a real-time process/quality control system meeting the JACIE Standards for HPC release. METHODS: Data from ...
Westengard James - - 2004
Method comparison and calibration are important for clinical hematologists and for manufacturers of new methods and instruments. Automation of the white blood cell (WBC) differential count poses unique problems in this regard because the reference method is a microscopic manual cell count of 200 WBCs. A highly variable reference method ...
Makrydimas George - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal paternity testing can be performed following invasive prenatal diagnosis with amniocentesis or CVS. Coelocentesis is a new technique that could be used as an alternative method early in the first trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study is to investigate the potential use of the DNA extracted ...
Gerstner A O H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilia within nasal polyps is often taken as a criterion for adjuvant medical treatment postoperatively such as topical steroids. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed in order to validate a new technique for objective quantification of eosinophilia by using laser scanning cytometry (LSC), to compare these results with manual scoring ...
Heyrman M - - 2004
The thermodynamic properties of condensed phases, i.e. the activities of components, can be determined from partial pressures measured by the Knudsen cell mass spectrometric method. Improvements in accuracy and yield of this method are obtained with the use of twin cells, an idea proposed in the 1960s. The multiple cell ...
Oliszewski Rubén - - 2004
Mastitis is a general term that refers to the inflammation of the mammary gland. It is the most common illness in dairy farms and it has different causes, mainly a great number of germs that infect the gland. These infectious diseases induce gross variations in milk composition, reflected by physical, ...
Björnheden Tom - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Fat cell size is a fundamental parameter in the study of adipose tissue metabolism, because it markedly influences the cellular rates of metabolism. Previous techniques for the sizing of adipocytes are often complicated or time-consuming. The aim of this study was to develop a new, computerized method for rapid ...
Pacheco C C - - 2003
Epifluorescence microscope methods, namely BacLight, direct epifluorescence filter technique and Rhodamine 123, consistently underestimated plate bacterial counts in a 4-chlorophenol degrading consortium. Cells capable of passing through 0.2 microm filters, referred as 'ultramicrocells', were found. Although cell counts were higher when traditional methods were used, BacLight and direct epifluorescence filter ...
Mason J Bohannon - - 2003
A white blood cell count (WBC) of >50000 cell/mm(3) from a knee aspirate with >or=80% polymorphonuclear cells (PMNCs) is suggestive of infection. This study sought to determine if these same criteria were applicable when interpreting aspirates from a total knee. Of 440 revision total knee arthroplasties, 86 patients had preoperative ...
Tsantes Argirios - - 2003
A recently developed immunocytochemical technique in HbF-cell counting was assessed by an objective evaluation method. The basic principle of this method is the preparation of aliquots with predetermined HbF-cell (target) values. These aliquots serve as control samples to standardize the HbF-cell measurements by the new immunocytochemical technique, which uses the ...
Guillou Sandrine - - 2003
Assessment of yeast viability by plate counts, ATP determination and FUN-1 viability staining was performed to study sublethal injury of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells submitted to low-amperage electrolysis. Lethal effects of electrolysis were confirmed by all methods, demonstrated by the decrease in viable counts observed during electrolysis. FUN-1 viability staining and ...
Osswald Kerstin - - 2003
Buccal cells serve as targets to assess oral exposures. We have refined isolation methods to characterise yield, viabilities, types of cells and baseline levels of genetic damage. Buccal cells were isolated from mouthwashes of 27 volunteers. They were characterised microscopically and different methods (using antibody-labelled magnetic beads, filtration and gradient ...
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