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Hawkins E C - - 1999
A technique that did not require use of a bronchoscope for bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in dogs was developed. An inexpensive, readily available 16-F Levin-type stomach tube was modified for the procedure. The technique was effective for collecting BAL fluid in 9 dogs that ranged from 9.3 to 26.2 kg (20.5 ...
Berger P - - 1999
The aim of this study was to develop an automated system of cell recognition based upon colour analysis suitable for microscopic examination of bronchial inflammation. Human bronchi obtained from 17 patients undergoing thoracotomy were embedded in glycolmethacrylate to perform immunohistochemistry with antibodies against: neutrophil elastase, tryptase, chymase, eosinophil cationic protein, ...
Cirigliano V - - 1999
Prenatal diagnoses of haemoglobin (Hb) mutations were performed using transcervical cells, retrieved by aspiration from the endocervical canal of ten selected pregnant women at about 10 weeks of gestation, prior to chorionic villus sampling (CVS). Both parents were carriers of haemoglobinopathies (thalassaemia or HbS). Clumps of fetal cells were isolated ...
Rattanasomboon N - - 1999
Brochothrix thermosphacta is a common meat spoilage bacterium. The morphology of this bacterium changes from coccobacilli and short rods to chains during growth, which may give a false estimation in numbers using some enumeration techniques. Methods for the quantification of this bacterium have been compared. Turbidimetric readings showed good agreement ...
Rodríguez De Alba M - - 1999
The potential use of fetal cells circulating in maternal blood for a non-invasive prenatal diagnosis has been widely described. Several authors have developed different methods for the enrichment of fetal cells from maternal peripheral blood. The aim of this study was to make a practical valuation of this new prenatal ...
Hoeltge G A - - 1999
CONTEXT: The number of platelet concentrates (PCs) pooled per dose varies widely. The number should be based on quality control statistics. OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal number of PCs per pool that will achieve a target dose. DESIGN: The population statistics of PC cell counts were obtained from routine quality ...
Rupp R - - 1999
Genetic parameters were estimated by restricted maximum likelihood with an animal model on first lactation data of 29,284 French Holstein cows for clinical mastitis, lactation somatic cell score, milking ease, production, and nine udder type traits. The heritability was low for clinical mastitis (0.024), moderate for lactation somatic cell score ...
Collie D D - - 1999
We sought to determine the normal within-sheep variability of bronchoalveolar cellular parameters and to infer the numbers of sheep required to detect a defined significant change within the same. We further sought to examine the effect of repeated bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) on those parameters. Neither the total cell number nor ...
Catala P - - 1999
The CSE dye (Chemunex, Maisons-Alfort, France) was combined with an activity marker to improve bacterial activity assessment in natural waters. Its effectiveness to counterstain dead cells with permeabilised membranes was investigated on live and dead cells of a variety of strains from collections or isolated from the natural environment. Cells ...
Sievert S M - - 1999
The spatial heterogeneity of bacterial populations at a shallow-water hydrothermal vent in the Aegean Sea close to the island of Milos (Greece) was examined at two different times by using acridine orange staining for total cell counts, cultivation-based techniques, and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA ...
Tsukasa Iwama Member,Hideki Okimoto ...
this paper, we present the results of simulations evaluating the performance of an improved active different -sized cell combination method (ADCC) that controls the transmission power of each base station.
Robert S Karlsson
To decrease total system cost and improve efficiency, in future mobile communication systems, we can implement a structure of multiple cells covering an area. This is often referred to as a Hierarchical Cell Structure, HCS. We compare five methods of sharing the scarce radio resources in a two layer HCS: ...
A very old and simple algorithm for garbage collection gives very good results when the physical memory is much larger than the number of reachable cells. In fact, the overhead associated with allocating and collecting cells from the heap can be reduced to less than one instruction per cell by ...
Low Power,High Speed Digital,P. ...
this paper an optimal pipelined architecture for a 2nd order allpass section based on 3-port adaptor is proposed. The architecture has been shown to improve the filter overall performance in term of power-area-speed by 3 times using 1 m CMOS standard cell design and by 5.4 times using custom cells. ...
Haisch K - - 1999
Certain studies on basophils require highly purified functionally intact cell preparations. Here, a three-step procedure is described that meets these requirements. The procedure consists of a Ficoll density gradient step, counterflow elutriation and negative selection by magnetic cell sorting (MACS). The mean purity of basophils obtained from 30 donors was ...
Soltys J - - 1999
A prerequisite for studies on bovine neutrophils is a reliable method of neutrophil isolation from blood to obtain highly purified cell populations that are functionally active. Since current techniques of neutrophil isolation fall short of these requirements, we have developed a newer and more effective technique for isolation of bovine ...
Kuo P L - - 1999
This study was designed to address the feasibility of detection of fetal cells with chromosome abnormalities in maternal blood. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from 150 pregnant women 1 day to 8 weeks before invasive examinations (amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling, or fetal blood sampling). Fetal nucleated red blood cells ...
Thomas P S - - 1999
Sputum induction has been proposed as a noninvasive method of sampling airway cells for assessing airway inflammation in asthma. Although useful in the research setting, the applicability of this technique to a respiratory clinic, where it might prove useful for clinical management of anti-inflammatory therapy, has not been assessed. We ...
Fröhlich J - - 1999
In order to facilitate the isolation of pure cultures from natural habitats we have developed a method for the isolation of single microbial cell clones from a mixed population, e.g. the flora of the termite gut, with the aid of a modern micromanipulator. The separated single prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells ...
Cianchetti S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Sputum induction by inhalation of hypertonic saline (HS) is usually preceded by beta2-agonist pretreatment, to prevent severe bronchoconstriction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether salbutamol pretreatment may influence cell counts and concentrations of soluble mediators in induced sputum. METHODS: We studied 22 patients who randomly underwent HS sputum induction after pretreatment ...
Phiefer C B - - 1999
Photon counting microscopy was used to quantify relative photon flux from 616 single sessile cells of Vibrio harveyi and 180 single sessile cells of V. fischeri. V. fischeri cells all emitted light at nearly the same level (average 15.93+/-11.48 photons/min, range 0-58.9 photons/min) when bioluminescence was induced, whereas photon flux ...
Coetzee K - - 1999
The repeatability of the Hamilton Thorne Research IVOS (version 10) semen analyser (dimension specific software, version 3) in the evaluation of sperm morphology according to strict criteria was investigated in this study. The repeat measures investigated were cell-cell (300 cells, 3 x each), intraslide (20 slides, 3 x each) and ...
Kuwahara Y - - 1999
The optimal condition for methods of lymphocytotoxic crossmatch test for feline renal transplantation was investigated. On separation of viable lymphocytes from whole blood, the best results were obtained when Ficoll-diatrizoate with 1.078 of a specific gravity at 20 degrees C was centrifuged with 800 x g for 30 min at ...
Kurokawa M - - 1999
In analyses of antigen-specific immune responses, it is essential to estimate the frequency of individual T cell clonotypes. This frequency has been estimated, however, only indirectly by the frequency of T cell receptor (TCR) mRNA. We have developed a method to determine T cell frequency directly by cell count using ...
Jansen M W - - 1999
The development of a non-invasive prenatal diagnostic test using fetal nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) isolated from the maternal circulation is hampered by the low frequency of these cells in maternal blood, requiring extensive enrichment procedures before any analytical procedure can be performed. In order to improve and simplify these ...
Demirkaya O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To develop a novel automated image analysis system to differentiate immunohistochemically stained cells from background. STUDY DESIGN: Cell segmentation was performed by applying global thresholding algorithms to find an approximate threshold at which cells could be separated from background followed by a novel refinement algorithm to erode edge pixels ...
Hanu N - - 1999
The cells are cultivated using an original licensed procedure named "homogeneous sets". This consists of cell growth in monolayer using as holder several plates specially designed to enable the study both by use of the optometric method we elaborated and by classical techniques (microscopy). Using the suggested method, a stress ...
Li L H - - 1999
We have demonstrated that the viability of electrotransfected adherent CHO and suspended NK-L, K-562, L1210 and MC2 cells is improved if pelleting by centrifugation is performed immediately after pulsing. The protection effect on cell viability is cell line- and pellet thickness-dependent. For forming CHO cell pellets, centrifugation force (300-13,000 g) ...
Sampaio H de C Hde - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) count of cells collected from normal buccal mucosa of cigarette smokers with that obtained from nonsmokers. STUDY DESIGN: Cytologic smears of normal buccal mucosa from 20 smokers and 20 nonsmokers were stained for AgNORs. The AgNOR count was established on 100 ...
Hviid T V - - 1999
Trophoblast cells can be detected in maternal blood during normal human pregnancy and DNA from these cells may be used for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis of inherited diseases. The possibility of enriching trophoblast cells from maternal blood samples using a monoclonal antibody (LK26) against a folate-binding protein, which recognizes trophoblast in ...
Morgante M - - 1999
The effect of parenteral administration of two subcutaneous injections of vitamin E and Se (5 mg and 0.1 mg/kg of body weight, respectively) during the dry period on the mammary health and milk somatic cell counts of 25 dairy ewes was investigated. Supplementation reduced somatic cell counts (5.4 vs. 6.0 ...
Ward R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Induced sputum differential cell counts have been advocated as a method of noninvasively assessing airway inflammation in asthma and other airway diseases. Relatively little is known about the between-observer repeatability of sputum differential cell counts and the factors that influence it. OBJECTIVE: To assess the between-observer variability of induced ...
Miller D - - 1999
The aim of this work was to isolate, enumerate and attempt the identification of fetal cells recovered from the lower uterine pole. Immediately before elective termination of pregnancy at 7-17 weeks gestation, samples were recovered by transcervical flushing of the lower uterine pole (n = 108) or transcervical aspiration of ...
Woltmann G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Sputum induction is an important non-invasive technique for measuring airway inflammation in asthma. Cell numbers are often too low for flow cytometric analysis. Laser scanning cytometry (LSC) is a novel technique that allows objective multicolour fluorescence analysis of cells on a microscope slide. METHODS: LSC was used to determine ...
Katkov I I - - 1999
The goals of the centrifugation of cell suspensions are to obtain the maximum yield of cells with minimum adverse effects of centrifugation. In the case of mechanically sensitive cells such as mouse sperm, the two goals are somewhat contradictory in that g-forces sufficient to achieve high yields are damaging, and ...
Georgiadis N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The quality of the donor cornea, which basically depends on the condition of the endothelial sheet, is an important factor for the successful outcome of penetrating keratoplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we present our experience in using trypan blue staining for the examination and evaluation of ...
Arici M K - - 1999
PURPOSE: To evaluate the conjunctival structure and inflammatory cell counts and to determine the predictive value of these histological parameters for postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) levels after trabeculectomy. METHODS: A clinical and histological study was performed on consecutive patients. Postoperative (mean 32. 8 +/- 18.4 months; range 6-60 months) conjunctival ...
McNiece I - - 1998
The dose of cells expressing the surface antigen CD34 (CD34+) has been shown to be a reliable predictor of the time to engraftment following transplantation of PBPC to support high-dose chemotherapy. However, evaluation of rare cells is complicated by a number of factors, including the variability in operator and technical ...
Koroleva OA - - 1998
Carbohydrate metabolism of barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves induced to accumulate sucrose (Suc) and fructans was investigated at the single-cell level using single-cell sampling and analysis. Cooling of the root and shoot apical meristem of barley plants led to the accumulation of Suc and fructan in leaf tissue. Suc and fructan ...
Nunan KJ - - 1998
Cell walls were isolated from the mesocarp of grape (Vitis vinifera L.) berries at developmental stages from before veraison through to the final ripe berry. Fluorescence and light microscopy of intact berries revealed no measurable change in cell wall thickness as the mesocarp cells expanded in the ripening fruit. Isolated ...
Chazaud B - - 1998
We developed a short-time assay to evaluate muscle satellite cell migration, based on the fact that during myogenic differentiation, myoblasts migrate preferentially towards high cellular density areas where myotubes would form. This assay consists of a computer-assisted count of cells within a randomly chosen field, performed every hour for eight ...
Hockstein S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine which patient- and procedure-related factors contribute to maternal cell contamination in uncultured amniocentesis fluid. METHODS: One hundred thirty amniotic fluid (AF) samples were obtained by three operator groups: maternal-fetal medicine faculty (n=50), general obstetrician gynecologists (n=50), and obstetrics and gynecology residents supervised by maternal-fetal medicine faculty (n=30). ...
Doyle D L - - 1998
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of soaking in either Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS) or milk on periodontal ligament (PDL) cell viability in avulsed teeth. Dry storage times of 30, 60, and 90 min were evaluated. PDL cell viability was determined after removal of the cells from ...
Kozobolis V P - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the corneal changes after Nd:YAG laser pupillary membranectomies (group A), iridotomies (group B), and capsulotomies (group C) in a follow-up period of 6 months. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Nd:YAG laser was applied to 3 different groups of patients. Specular microscopy, including the counting of corneal ...
Orsetti B - - 1998
Prenatal diagnosis is presently performed following invasive procedures with variable risks of fetal loss; non-invasive procedures using fetal cells in maternal blood would be welcome for the early detection of fetal sex or aneuploidy. We describe a simple and rapid protocol to detect fetal cells and thus to assess fetal ...
Krohne S G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the cell measuring function of a laser flare-cell photometer is accurate and reproducible, using an in vitro model. SAMPLE POPULATION: Leukocytes from 8 clinically normal Beagles. PROCEDURE: Latex beads 11.9 and 6.4 microm in diameter were used to simulate canine WBC and RBC, respectively. Beads were ...
Robertson BR - - 1998
The forward light scatter intensity of bacteria analyzed by flow cytometry varied with their dry mass, in accordance with theory. A standard curve was formulated with Rayleigh-Gans theory to accommodate cell shape and alignment. It was calibrated with an extinction-culture isolate of the small marine organism Cycloclasticus oligotrophus, for which ...
C. R. Osterwald,S. Anevsky,A. ...
This paper presents an overview of the World Photovoltaic Scale (WPVS) international reference cell calibration program. The WPVS provides a scale for PV performance measurements that has been established through round-robin calibration of a group of primary reference cells and is traceable to Systme International (SI) units. Procedures for recalibration ...
Podgornik A - - 1998
We introduce the ratio of nonflocculent versus total biomass as a criterion for starting cell separation from the medium. This criterion can be applied for the automation of the process regardless of the process dynamics. Its minimum indicates the optimum period of time for the start of the separation process ...
Melillo G - - 1998
Various techniques are used to collect specimens from the nasal mucosa for morphologic and biochemical analysis. The purpose of this study was to devise a method that overcomes some of the disadvantages (e.g., invasive procedure, samples not suitable for cytologic and biochemical analysis, lack of standardization, and poor reproducibility) of ...
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