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Results 551 - 600 of 1659
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Ageyama Naohide - - 2003
One of the most serious problems in applying leukapheresis to human infants is the large extracorporeal blood volume (ECV), resulting in substantial loss of platelets and red blood cells (RBCs). In this study, we developed a safe and effective modified procedure to collect peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) from rhesus ...
Kwon J A - - 2003
AIMS: In this study, bacteriocidal effects of cinnamic aldehyde on Bacillus cereus were investigated. METHODS: The bacterial culture or cell suspension in 0.85% NaCl was treated with cinnamic aldehyde at a concentration of 0.3 ml l(-1). Viable cells were counted on a nutrient agar plate. Protein leakage from the cell ...
Vuorela Piia P Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Biomedicum, Helsinki, - - 2003
Preeclampsia is associated with platelet and endothelial dysfunction. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is found in peripheral blood leukocytes and released from platelets on activation. We analyzed the content of (VEGF) in peripheral blood cells of preeclamptic women. The VEGF content of platelets, mononuclear white blood cells, and granulocytes of ...
Sohda Satoshi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Intact fetal cells isolated from maternal blood can be used for non-invasive gender determination and genetic diagnosis. Recent studies demonstrating a large amount of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma suggest that the circulating fetal DNA may result from fetal cells undergoing apoptosis. In the present study we evaluated ...
Moskaluk Christopher A - - 2002
There are several indications for the placement of samples of cultured cells in tissue microarrays (TMAs). To optimize this technique, three embedding procedures were compared: embedding of fixed cells pelleted by centrifugation, embedding of cells dispersed in an agarose matrix, and embedding of pelleted cells packed into the center of ...
Hviid T Vauvert TV Department of Clinical Biochemistry 339, H:S Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, 30 Kettegaard Allé, DK-2650 Hvidovre, Denmark. - - 2002
During recent years, much attention has been paid to the possibility of using fetal cells circulating in the pregnant woman's blood for prenatal diagnosis of genetic or chromosomal abnormalities. Although successes have been achieved in enrichment procedures for fetal cells from maternal blood samples, the use of such an approach ...
De Brauwer Els I G B EI Department of Medical Microbiology, Atrium Medical Centre Heerlen, Heerlen, The - - 2002
To investigate the number of cells to be counted in cytocentrifuged bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid preparations in order to reach a reliable enumeration of each cell type. A total of 136 BAL fluid samples for patients with suspected pneumonia or interstitial lung disease were investigated. Differential cell counts were performed ...
Bischoff Farideh Z - - 2002
Both intact fetal cells as well as cell-free fetal DNA are present in the maternal circulation and can be recovered for non-invasive prenatal genetic diagnosis. Although methods for enrichment and isolation of rare intact fetal cells have been challenging, diagnosis of fetal chromosomal aneuploidy including trisomy 21 in first- and ...
García-Gasca T - - 2002
Cell number is usually evaluated during in vitro studies to estimate metabolic or pharmacological effects of specific compounds. However, estimation of in vitro cell density by direct cell counting is a laborious and time-consuming task, whereas indirect methods for cell quantitation have serious disadvantages such as environmental costs or inaccuracies ...
Demirer Taner - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation of preleukapheresis circulating CD 34+ cells/micro L, white blood cells (WBC), and platelet counts on the first day of apheresis with the yield of collected CD 34+ cell counts in 40 patients with hematological malignancies (n = 29) and solid ...
Baudart Julia - - 2002
Water quality assessment involves the specific, sensitive, and rapid detection of bacterial indicators and pathogens in water samples, including viable but nonculturable (VBNC) cells. This work evaluates the specificity and sensitivity of a new method which combines a fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) approach with a physiological assay (direct viable ...
Hohmann Harald - - 2002
Cultivation of fetal progenitor cells from maternal blood offers the opportunity to produce sufficient fetal cells for prenatal molecular genetic and cytogenetic analysis. For in vitro cultivation, 10 ml of blood was collected from 22 women carrying a male fetus. After triple-density gradient centrifugation, the mononucleated cells were cultivated for ...
Haoran Duan,John W. Lockwood,Sung ...
This paper presentsanovel matrix unit cell scheduler #MUCS# for input-bu#ered ATM switches. The MUCS concept originates from a heuristic strategy that leads to an optimal solution for cell scheduling. Numerical analysis indicates that input-bu#ered ATM switches scheduled by MUCS can utilize nearly 100# of the available link bandwidth. A transistor-level ...
Chun Chian Lu
Multiple access and inter-symbol interference of CDMA systems within a cell make single user detection error prone. Perturbation method of multi-user detection (MUD) can correct this. In addition to the single cell interference there is adjacent cell interference (ACI), which can be reduced by a set of new codes with ...
Kikuchi T - - 2002
We developed a method based on real-time PCR for the specific and rapid enumeration of a trichloroethylene-degrading methanotroph, Methylocystis sp. M, with the aim of monitoring the strain in groundwater. A primer set designed from the nucleotide sequence of the mmoC gene of a soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) gene cluster ...
Oorschot Viola - - 2002
Immunogold labeling of ultrathin cryosections provides a sensitive and quantitative method to localize proteins at the ultrastructural level. An obligatory step in the routine preparation of cryosections from cultured cells is the detachment of cells from their substrate and subsequent pelleting. This procedure precludes visualization of cells in their in ...
Missirlis Y F - - 2002
A review of the techniques used in measuring the forces of deadhesion of cells that have been adhering on substrate surfaces is presented. Two categories of techniques are described, those that utilize fluid flowing against the adhered cells and counting the percentage of cells that detach (global tests) and the ...
Costello Andria M - - 2002
The numbers of methane-oxidizing bacteria (methanotrophs) in the sediments of Lake Washington were estimated using three culture-independent methods. Quantitative slot-blot hybridizations were performed with type I and type II methanotroph-specific probes. These data were compared to data from quantitative hybridizations using a pmoA-specific probe and a eubacterial probe. From the ...
Oblak E - - 2002
Measurements of large numbers of feature sizes within defined domains (e.g. cell areas within cell-cell borders) can be a time-consuming activity, but automation that includes defining such domains has not be proven to be very reliable. Other alternatives are therefore needed, and the goal of the present studies was both ...
Bianchi D W - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Cell Isolation Study (NIFTY) is a prospective, multicenter clinical project to develop non-invasive methods of prenatal diagnosis. The initial objective was to assess the utility of fetal cells in the peripheral blood of pregnant women to diagnose or screen ...
Yamanishi Douglas T - - 2002
The use of fetal cells enriched from maternal peripheral blood for genetic analysis would be a significant advancement for prenatal diagnosis. For over two decades, researchers have employed different techniques (including density gradients, red blood cell lysis, fluorescence-activated cell sorter and magnetic cell separation) to enrich fetal cells that exist ...
Hromadníková Ilona - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of a non-invasive method for fetal sex determination in clinical practice using dual-colour fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) analysis. We evaluated the differences in nucleated red blood cell (NRBC) recovery from the maternal circulation using various slide preparation ...
Bontadini A - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Packed red blood cells (pRBCs) contain apoptotic white cells. We studied apoptotic cells in pRBCs after filtration and at various time-points during storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To maintain the same subset of cells, seven pRBC units were pooled in a single bag and divided equally into seven ...
Avishai Nanthawan - - 2002
The alkaline comet assay, a sensitive method for DNA strand breaks and alkali labile site detection in individual cells, was employed here as an ecotoxicological monitoring tool for evaluation of genotoxicity in the Kishon River, Israel. This river, the most polluted river in Israel, has recently elicited major public concern ...
Zhao Xaio Xi - - 2002
We report here the results of fetal cell enrichment from maternal blood in 58 pregnant women by the use of magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) with erythroblast-specific and/or maternal cell specific antibodies. Two approaches were compared; one-step MACS to enrich CD71+ (a membrane-bound marker) or GPA+ (another marker, glycophorin A) ...
Bunthof Christine J - - 2002
Flow cytometry (FCM) is a rapid and sensitive technique that can determine cell numbers and measure various physiological characteristics of individual cells by using appropriate fluorescent probes. Previously, we developed an FCM assay with the viability probes carboxyfluorescein diacetate (cFDA) and TOTO-1 [1'-(4,4,7,7-tetramethyl-4,7-diazaundecamethylene)-bis-4-[3-methyl-2,3dihydro(benzo-1,3-oxazole)-2-methylidene]-1-(3'-trimethylammoniumpropyl)-pyridinium tetraiodide] for (stressed) lactic acid bacteria (C. ...
Biggadike H J - - 2002
Measurements of the conductivity of quarter milk samples were made in 31 cows in a 70-cow herd in southeast England, for a period of 15 weeks. Over this period, 42 per cent of cow-weeks and 20 per cent of quarter-weeks had an increase in quarter milk conductivity of 10 per ...
Oliszewski R - - 2002
The use of somatic cell counts (SCCs) for the diagnosis of mastitis is not a well-established procedure for the caprine species, because nonleucocytic cell-like particles are normally observed as a result of the apocrine secretion process of the goat mammary gland. The infection levels of 124 goats were measured by ...
Boutinaud M - - 2002
Somatic cells are present in the milk throughout lactation and consist of leukocytes and epithelial cells exfoliated from the mammary epithelium. Our objective was to determine the efficacy of using somatic cells from goat milk for dynamic studies of gene expression in the mammary gland. Over a 4-wk interval, cells ...
Bergeron Michèle - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Exceptionally robust cell preparations are needed for quality assessment programs (QAPs) such as the International Program for Quality Assessment and Standardization for Immunological Measures (QASI) relevant to HIV/AIDS. A suitable product must withstand environmental stress related to transportation for a minimum of 6 days. The two objectives of this ...
Chakir J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pathophysiology of corticosteroid (CS)-resistant asthma remains incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine if failure of asthma to clinically improve with CS is due to a defective response of airway bronchial inflammation to these drugs. METHODS: Twenty-one asthmatics having a decreased baseline FEV1 that improved >or= 30% with inhaled beta2 agonist ...
Hammond J A - - 2002
The swimming crab, Liocarinus depurator, contains a small proportion of circulating blood cells which enter S-phase in vitro, as revealed by BrdU assay. These cells are enriched within the semigranular cell band produced by density gradient centrifugation on Percoll and their proportion is significantly higher in blood samples taken from ...
van der Laak Jeroen A W M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Acquisition of DNA ploidy histograms by image analysis may yield important information regarding the behavior of premalignant cervical lesions. Accurate selection of nuclei for DNA measurement is an important prerequisite for obtaining reliable data. Traditionally, manual selection of nuclei of diagnostic and reference cells is performed by an experienced ...
Murai Tae - - 2002
It is difficult to produce homogeneous cell suspensions of Malassezia pachydermatis, since yeast cells paste up and form many clumps. However, homogeneous fungal suspensions are required for susceptibility examinations and biochemical analyses. Although several types of trials have been carried out using glass homogenizers and many types of agents to ...
Seymour Michelle L - - 2002
Rhinovirus infections cause wheeze, cough, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. To investigate the involvement of cysteinyl-leukotrienes and prostanoids in these symptoms, bronchial biopsy specimens from 9 normal subjects (nonatopic and with no history of chronic lung disease) were immunostained for 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway enzymes 2 weeks before and 4 ...
Shawn Phillips,Scott Hauck
When designing sacs, a unique opportunity exists to generate custom FPGA architectures that are specific to the application domain in which the device will be used. The inclusion of such a device will provide an efficient compromise between the flexibility of software and the performance of hardware, while at the ...
Amin, Gholam R.
The similarity coefficient methods are more flexible in incorporating manufacturing data into the machine cells formation process in group technology. When threshold value is applied it is impossible to consider the restriction of number of cells or pact family. This paper discusses how a function is defined on Similarity coefficients ...
Timan I S - - 2002
The commercial control material for hematology Cell Dyn 16 Tri Level gave a good precision an accuracy using the four blood cell counters currently mostly used in Indonesia, the Coulter, Sysmex, Serono and Cell Dyn. It could be used as one of the hematology control material in an external quality ...
Surmacki P - - 2002
The aim of the study was the comparison of a newly developed method of quantitative analysis of the seminiferous epithelium (SE) cells with the traditional method based on stage classification according to Clermont. In 4000 sections of seminiferous tubules the following parameters have been evaluated: in procedure I--the frequency of ...
Soogarun Suphan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Presently, the counting of leukocytes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is still performed manually. This requires sufficiently experienced medical technologists. At present, specific automated systems for CSF cell counting are not available. In this study, we evaluated the use of the automated hematology analyzer, Technicon H*3 in the analysis of ...
Elzagheid A - - 2002
48 fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) samples from 25 breast cancer cases, originally used for cytodiagnosis were subjected to DNA cytometry. There were air dried smears stained with the MGG method, and samples stained with HE or PAP stain after 50% ethanol fixation and cytocentrifugation. Different sampling strategies were applied. ...
Brinkmann Marlies - - 2002
A prototype of a newly developed apparatus for measuring cell growth characteristics of suspension cells in micro titre plates over a period of time was examined. Fully automated non-invasive cell counts in small volume cultivation vessels, e.g. 96 well plates, were performed with the Cellscreen system by Innovatis AG, Germany. ...
Vona Giovanna - - 2002
Fetal cells circulating in the peripheral blood of pregnant women are a potential target for noninvasive genetic analyses. They include epithelial (trophoblastic) cells, which are larger than peripheral blood leukocytes. We enriched circulating trophoblastic cells using the isolation by size of epithelial tumor cells (ISET) method. Peripheral blood was obtained ...
Shankland E G EG Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA. - - 2002
Growth of the A549 cell line in a perfusion system suitable for use in a magnetic resonance study has been characterized and shown to be stable physiologically and hence appropriate for serial observations. Several methods of monitoring cell growth were compared to assess the behavior of the cells in this ...
Collarini E J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We have developed a method for selecting erythroblasts from blood, the first step toward identifying fetal cells in maternal blood for diagnostic purposes. Because the selection method results in a large number of positive cells, we needed to develop new methods to deposit the cells onto slides and to ...
Hennig-Pauka I - - 2001
Reference values of cellular and non-cellular components in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were established from the BALF specimens obtained from 52 healthy pigs. Using urea as an endogenous marker of dilution, the reference values in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) were calculated: total cell count 2.71 x 10(9) - ...
Warke T J - - 2001
Airway inflammation in children can be assessed by nonbronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Little is known about the repeatability of cell counts in the BAL obtained. Children (n=43) attending for elective surgery were studied. Cell counts were obtained following a nonbronchoscopic lavage. Two samples were obtained with either: 1) the catheter ...
Bernard R - - 2001
Manually counting cell colonies, especially those that originate from fibroblast cell lines, is a time-consuming, eye-straining and tedious task in which consistency of counting is difficult to maintain. In this paper we present a novel model-based image segmentation method, which employs prior knowledge about the shape of a colony with ...
Belda J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A knowledge of the factors that can affect induced sputum results is essential in order to standardize the procedure. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the influence of nebulizer output on sputum cell counts and fluid phase measurements at increasing times of sputum induction. METHODS: Eighteen adults with stable asthma inhaled an ...
Lemière C - - 2001
We sought to compare cell counts based on cellular morphology and obtained after Wright staining with cell counts obtained after immunocytochemistry in induced sputum. Counts of eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes, and epithelial cells identified after Wright staining were compared with the counts obtained after immunocytochemistry through use of mAbs in ...
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