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Results 551 - 600 of 1759
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Coskuner Gulnur - - 2005
Autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) are of vital importance to wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), as well as being an intriguing group of microorganisms in their own right. To date, corroboration of quantitative measurements of AOB by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has relied on assessment of the ammonia oxidation rate per ...
Ghosh Papiya - - 2006
The anticancer activity of di- and tri-terpenes and other polyphenolic compounds present in tea is already reported. We evaluated the cytotoxic and apoptogenic effect of tea root extract (TRE) and two of its steroidal saponins named as TS1 and TS2, on human cell lines and on cells from leukemic patients. ...
Heukelbach J - - 2006
It has long been known that leukocytosis and blood eosinophilia are common in the tropical environment, but data derived from population-based studies are scarce. A study was undertaken in a fishing village in north-east Brazil where both intestinal helminthiases and parasitic skin diseases are common. Of 409 individuals studied, 128 ...
van Overveld F J - - 2005
Induced sputum represents a useful and non-invasive tool to isolate different cells from the airways. Complete homogenization of sputum is important for dispersion of cells and is usually achieved by use of dithiothreitol (DTT). However, it is not known if DTT will influence the viability and functionality of cells obtained ...
Mauskopf Josephine - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Cohort studies indicate that starting highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) when the CD4+ T-cell count is less than 200 cells/muL is associated with poor outcomes. These studies have been unable to address how early HAART should be initiated, however. This report uses a modeling approach to compare starting HAART ...
O'Mahony M C - - 2006
This study compared concentrations of amyloid A in bovine milk with the cell-based indicators of intramammary inflammation, somatic cell count and California Mastitis Test. Mammary quarter data pertaining to 180 cows were categorised according to concentrations of serum amyloid A in the cow of origin. Ranked correlation, ranked regression and ...
Tomkins N W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To measure haematological values of clinical significance for rusa deer and provide reference data for farmed animals. DESIGN: Blood samples were collected regularly from eight male rusa deer from 14 days to 27 months old. PROCEDURE: Blood samples, collected by venipuncture, were analysed within 6 hours of collection for ...
Humpe Andreas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Trypan blue exclusion staining is probably the most frequently applied method (Method I) for assessment of viability in peripheral blood progenitor cell grafts after cryopreservation. Alternatively, a flow cytometry-based method (Method II) was established and optimized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In a first series of 22 autologous apheresis products, ...
Giasson Claude J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To develop a semiautomatic method to analyze morphology of cells and guttae in corneal endothelium. METHODS: Specular endothelial pictures from 42 and 21 subjects with healthy and guttate corneas, respectively, were analyzed independently by two observers with cell contour-extracting routines. One observer also analyzed healthy endothelia with the Corner ...
Martínez Sanchis A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals can be found in the synovial fluid of non-inflamed joints in patients with CPPD related arthropathy; if so, to determine whether they interact with cells and produce subclinical inflammation in this setting. METHODS: 74 synovial fluid samples were obtained from non-inflamed ...
Strik Herwig H Department of Neurology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany. - - 2005
To evaluate the precision and clinical applicability of the Bayer ADVIA 120 cytometer (Bayer Healthcare, Fernwald, Germany) for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cell count and differentiation. One hundred six analyses of CSF from 98 patients by the ADVIA 120 were compared with routine cell count and microscopic differentiation. Correlation coefficients were ...
Azeredo, Joana
Microscopic observations of a population of Pseudomonas fluorescens were digitised by a frame grabber and an appropriate threshold was chosen to extract the objects from the background. Fully grown, single bacteria were normally distributed around two mean sizes. Two Gauss functions were fitted by least square analysis to these points ...
Das Chandra M - - 2005
A new method for preparing cells for microscopic examination is presented in which cell mixtures are fractionated by dielectrophoretic forces and simultaneously collected into characteristic zones on slides. The method traps cells directly from the suspending medium onto the slide, reducing cell loss. Furthermore, it exploits differences in the dielectric ...
Burgemeister Renate - - 2005
Laser microdissection has opened a window to new technologies. The scientific fields of genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics need pure samples for rendering reliable results. Homogeneous sample preparation is a prerequisite for modern molecular analyses, both qualitative and quantitative. Laser microdissection and pressure catapulting (LMPC) is a tool for isolating specific ...
Montgomery Kelli - - 2005
Tissue microarrays (TMAs) are a highly efficient method for large-scale protein expression studies. To date most TMAs have been constructed using paraffin-embedded specimens. The authors developed a method that allows construction of TMAs from small numbers of cells in suspension. Spun pellets of 1x10 to 1x10 cells are directly processed ...
Guetta Esther - - 2005
Prenatal diagnosis based on rare fetal cells in maternal blood is currently not a feasible option. An effort was made to improve cell yields by targeting trophoblast cells. After sorting, the HLA-G-positive cell fraction was analyzed directly or after culture. In situ hybridization technology was applied to prove fetal cell ...
Wah David T - - 2005
Automated instruments that can examine urine for cells and particles have reduced the need for labor-intensive manual microscopy. We evaluated the performance of the Iris iQ200 Automated Urine Microscopy Analyzer (Iris Diagnostics, Chatsworth, CA) and compared results with manual cell and particle counts using Fuchs-Rosenthal counting chambers. Within-run imprecision (coefficient ...
De Vliegher S - - 2005
The association between somatic cell count (SCC) of dairy heifers in early lactation [SCCel; measured between 5 and 14 d in milk (DIM)] and the culling hazard during the first lactation was studied using Cox frailty models. Udder health problems were the culling reason for 10% of the culled heifers ...
Horsman Katie M - - 2005
Forensic DNA analysis of sexual assault evidence requires separation of DNA from epithelial (victim) and sperm (perpetrator) cells. The conventional method used by crime laboratories, which is termed "differential extraction", is a time-consuming process. To supplant the conventional process, separation of sperm from a biological mixture containing epithelial cells has ...
Navarro-Hidalgo V - - 2005
A quantitative survey of Clostridium perfringens in typical foods served at local restaurants was conducted for 18 months in Guadalajara, Mexico. A total of 151 samples, including goat's birria (50), pozole (50), and beef tamales (51), were collected from small restaurants in Guadalajara. Samples were tested for C. perfringens by ...
Caraviello D Z - - 2005
Survival analysis in a Weibull proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the impact of somatic cell count (SCC) on the involuntary culling rate of US Holstein and Jersey cows with first calvings from 1990 to 2000. The full data set, consisting of records from 978,043 Holstein and 250,835 Jersey ...
Jansson, Kristina
Genotype by environment interaction for somatic cell count and mastitis in the first lactation of the Swedish Holstein breed was studied, using a reaction norm model and multiple trait analysis. Data from the Swedish milk-recording scheme containing more than 200 000 cows having their first calving from 1995-01-01 and onwards ...
Rueckert A - - 2005
AIMS: The development of a rapid method for the selective detection and enumeration of the total and viable vegetative cell and spore content of thermophilic bacilli in milk powder by PCR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Quantitative PCR and microscopy indicate the presence of up to 2.9 log units more cells in ...
Stern N J - - 2005
Campylobacter jejuni remains the most frequently reported bacterial cause of human gastroenteritis in Nordic countries. The primary source of transmission to humans is suggested as mishandled raw poultry or consuming improperly prepared chicken. The focus of this report was to characterize the prevalence and cell numbers of the organism within ...
Lara Oscar R - - 2005
Cell populations can be enriched using a number of physicochemical methods based on characteristics, such as density, size, and volume. Centrifugation using density gradients is typically applied to isolate populations with similar characteristics. Cells obtained using these methods can be further authenticated using specific antibodies that react to markers on ...
Divol B - - 2005
AIMS: In Botrytis-affected wine, high concentrations of SO2 are added to stop the alcoholic fermentation and to stabilize the wine. During maturing in barrels or bottle-ageing, an unwanted refermentation can sometimes occur. However, results of the usual plate count of wine samples at the beginning of maturing suggest wine microbial ...
James Alan L - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Hypertonic saline is recommended for the induction of sputum to assess airway inflammation. Methacholine is most commonly used to assess airway responsiveness. The aim of this study was to compare sputum induction by methacholine and hypertonic saline challenges, and the subsequent inflammatory cell differential counts. METHODOLOGY: Subjects (n = ...
Harris Neil - - 2005
Automated cell counters are widely used in modern clinical laboratories to provide reliable, fast, and cost-effective complete blood counts (CBCs), white blood cell differentials, and reticulocyte measurements. In addition, some advanced instruments provide novel parameters, such as the hemoglobin content of reticulocytes or the percentage of hypochromic cells, and are ...
Nayak Binaya Bhusan - - 2005
The co-existence of physiologically different cells in bacterial cultures is a general phenomenon. We have examined the applicability of the density dependent cell sorting (DDCS) method to separate subpopulations from a long-term starvation culture of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The cells were subjected to Percoll density gradient and separated into 12 fractions ...
Peters Carrie E - - 2005
Subsets of immune cells can be isolated before analysis by the enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay with various cell separation techniques. This chapter describes techniques to select desired cells or deplete unwanted cells by crosslinking cells to dense or magnetic particles for subsequent separation. The RosetteSep method can be used to ...
Sun Nongliang N Member, IEEE, College of Information and Electrical Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China. (Tel:+86-532-86057928; fax: +86-532-86057153; e-mail: - - 2005
Correctly counting the live cells plays a great role in the ectogenetic anti-virus experiment. According to the irregular shape and arbitrary size of the wall pasted Hela cells overlapping each other, we propose a scheme to segment and count the cells using Gabor filter with different parameters and Morphological operation. ...
Lamboursain Laurence - - 2005
Microscopic counting of plant cells is a very tedious and time-consuming process and is therefore seldom used to evaluate plant cell number on a routine basis. This study describes a fast and simple method to evaluate cell concentration in a plant cell suspension using a fluorescence microplate reader. Eschscholtzia californica ...
Mohamed Hisham - - 2004
Isolating rare cells from biological fluids including whole blood or bone marrow is an interesting biological problem. Characterization of a few metastatic cells from cancer patients for further study is desirable for prognosis/diagnosis. Traditional methods have not proven adequate, due to the compositional complexity of blood, with its large numbers ...
De Vliegher S - - 2004
The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of somatic cell count in early lactation (SCCel) from Belgian dairy heifers on test-day somatic cell count (SCC) in first lactation. Geometric mean SCCel [5 to 14 d in milk (DIM)] of the 14,766 available samples was 104,000 cells/mL, and ...
Skiest Daniel J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical, immunologic, and virologic outcomes in patients who stop antiretroviral therapy (ART) with relatively preserved CD4 cell counts. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with a documented CD4 cell count >250 cells/microL who stopped ART for any reason for at least 5 weeks were studied. Relevant clinical and laboratory ...
Hillerton J E - - 2004
The accuracy of somatic cell counts in milk samples was investigated in four studies. First, the counts recorded by one milk buyer in one supply over six months ranged from 105,000 to 401,000 cells/ml with no apparent changes in the volume of milk consigned or the level of mastitis in ...
Van Hee Pim - - 2004
The efficiency of physical separation of inclusion bodies from cell debris is related to cell debris size and inclusion body release and both factors should be taken into account when designing a process. In this work, cell disruption by enzymatic treatment with lysozyme and cellulase, by homogenization, and by homogenization ...
Jayarao B M - - 2004
This study was conducted to establish guidelines for monitoring bulk tank milk somatic cell count and bacterial counts, and to understand the relationship between different bacterial groups that occur in bulk tank milk. One hundred twenty-six dairy farms in 14 counties of Pennsylvania participated, each providing one bulk tank milk ...
Lara Oscar - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To develop a reliable technique to enrich for rare cells in blood suspensions using only negative selection steps including a flow-through immunomagnetic cell separations system and by optimizing variables normally encountered during such enrichment processes. METHODS: A human breast cancer cell line was cultivated and spiked at a ratio ...
Josep Domingo,Ferrer Josep,M. Mateo ...
We show in this paper how to break the security of cell suppression methods when these are used to anonymize contingency tables with at least one quantitative factor. The procedure combines distribution fitting and linear programming and may obtain interval estimates for the suppressed cells which are narrower than the ...
Shinya Masaru - - 2004
Fetal nucleated cells in maternal peripheral blood are a non-invasive source of fetal DNA for prenatal genetic diagnosis. However, the number of fetal cells present in maternal peripheral blood is very small. Therefore, fetal cell enrichment is generally considered necessary to allow detection and subsequent genetic analysis of the rare ...
Ferrer Elena - - 2004
We retrospectively evaluated the effectiveness of nevirapine-containing regimens in 118 naive patients initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy with CD4 cell counts S 200 cells/jl. After 24 months, 51% of patients continued nevirapine, 43 and 83% had viral loads < 50 copies/ml by intent-to-treat and on-treatment analyses, and a mean increase ...
Tefferi Ayalew - - 2004
Laboratory methods to detect both FIP1L1-PDGFRA and c-kit D816V mutations were combined with immunomagnetic cell separation to study the extent of clonal involvement by both myeloid and lymphoid cells in 3 patients with systemic mastocytosis associated with eosinophilia. The results suggested an early stem cell origin for the FIP1L1-PDGFRA mutation.
Taylor Theresa B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Since the sequencing of the human genome has been finished, microgenomics has been booming, employing highly sophisticated, high-throughput platforms. But these mainly chip-based methods can only generate biologically relevant data if the samples investigated consist of homogeneous cell populations, in which no unwanted cells of different specificity and/or developmental ...
Szaniszlo Peter - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Most biological samples are cell mixtures. Some basic questions are still unanswered about analyzing these heterogeneous samples using gene expression microarray technology (MAT). How meaningful is a cell mixture's overall gene expression profile (GEP)? Is it necessary to purify the cells of interest before microarray analysis, and how much ...
Kakinuma Hiroaki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) is divided into two groups according to cobalamin dependency, and this classification is important for treatment. Unfortunately, there has been no rapid and reliable method for the evaluation of cobalamin dependency. METHODS: [14C]-propionate incorporation into intact cells in the presence of either media alone or media ...
van Rijt Leonie S - - 2004
Mouse models of allergic asthma are increasingly used to study the immunopathology of this complex disorder. The degree and type of airway inflammation is often studied by determination of differential cell counts on cytospins of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells stained with May-Grünwald Giemsa, in which the separation of eosinophils ...
Simpson J L - - 2004
Excessive salivary contamination of induced sputum samples prevents the satisfactory examination of lower airway inflammation. The effects of salivary contamination on different sputum fluid phase measures and the levels of salivary contamination preventing analysis are not defined. The present study sought to examine this by investigating the effect of increasing ...
Dukes K A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a delay in initial fetal cell enrichment processing of maternal blood samples (defined as the time between blood draw and the initial density gradient centrifugation step) compromises the ability to recover fetal cells, we performed a randomized comparison of immediate (within 4 hours of ...
Gussin Hélène A Elicha - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that fetal cells in maternal blood that do not respond to hematopoietic culture conditions represent endothelial cells. We investigated whether endothelial progenitor cells of fetal origin may be selected from maternal blood on the basis of their expression of CD133 or CD105 and expanded in culture. METHODS: ...
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